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.L i 



LANCASHIRE PIPE ROLLS 



AND 



EARLY LANCASHIRE CHARTERS 




r. 

THE 

LANCASHIRE PIPE ROLLS 

OF 31 HENRY I., a.d. 1130, AND OF THE REIGNS OF 

HENRY II., a.d. 1155-1189; RICHARD I., a.d. 1189-1199; 

AND KING JOHN, a.d. 1199-1216. 



THE LATIN TEXT EXTENDED AND NOTES ADDED. 



ALSO 



EARLY 



LANCASHIRE CHARTERS 

OF THE PERIOD FROM THE REIGN OF WILLIAM RUFUS 

TO THAT OF KltfG. JOHN. 



* • • • 

• • 

4 • 



TBANSOBIBBD AND ANNOTATE I) BY 

W. FARRER 



WITH A MAP INDICATING THE VARIOUS TENURES OF THE 

COUNTY IN A.D. 1212. 



LIVERPOOL. 
HENRY YOUNG AND SONS. 

1902. 



• 4 



S /)ti4*\ '^W 



ADDENDA ET CORRIGENDA. 



p. 3, 1. 23, for 1108 read 1106. 

p. 4, 1. 32, and thereafter through the vol. passim, for Poictevin, Poictou read 

Poitevin, Poitou. 
p. 6,1. 29, for Nevil r«w* Ncvill. 
p. 7, 1. 4, „ eschaeted read escheated, 
p. 7, 1. 9, „ amerciaments read amercements, 
p. 8, 1. 32, „ Adam read Richard. 

p. 8, after 1. 31, add " Richard le Boteler for his fee of Laton ... 1 fee." 
p. 9, 1. 25, for eschaet read escheat, 
p. 9, 11. 29, 31, for cattle read chattels, 
p. 12, passim, for tallis „ talliis. 
p. 14, 1. 11, Warin semens is identified as Warin de Lancaster, the royal 

falconer, 
p. 18, 1. 20, for Adam son of Helye read Adam, son of Elias, probably of 

Osbaldeston. 
p. 19, 1. 5, for cattle read chattels, 
p. 21, 1. 27, „ petit „ petty, 
p. 31, 1. 20, delete de. 

p. 32, 1. 34, for Argar Meles read Argarmeols. 
p. 32, 1. 35, „ this fee read the fee of Widnes. 
p. 44, after 1. 4, should probably be included " A ugh ton afterwards held by 

military service of Ferrers of West Derby." 
p. 44, after 1. 13 add " Qreat and Little Car let on, in Amounderness, held under 

the Lancasters by military service. One carucate in Formby held 

in thanage by the yearly service of 4*. 8d." 
p. 53, 3rd para. Adam, dean of Kirkham or of Lancaster is probably to be 

identified as Adam de Avranches, lord of Yealand, whose 

daughters and heirs carried this manor by marriage to the families 

of Redman and Coigners. 
p. 55, 1. 6. Leinsig' de Farnowurd was probably also called Leising de Lever, 
p. 69, 1. 5. Radulf us de Dunun is probably to be identified as Ralph de Trafford 

who held lands in Dunham under the Mascye. 
p. 72, 1. 1. This Roll is also described as that of 1 Richard I. See " The Great 

Roll of the Pipe," Rolls Series, 1844. 
p. 75, 1st para. The two fees returned in a.d. 1166, among the feet of Roger de 



VI ADDENDA ET CORRIGENDA. 

Mowbray, as held by William de Lanc[aster], were the Mowbray 
fee in Ewcross Wapentake, co. York, and not Kendal,, which was 
held under the Barony of Westmorland. 

p. 84, 1. 31. Alan, son of Outi. It is possible that he was Alan de Holland, who 
held Upholland in a.d. 1212 jointly with his brother Matthew. 

p. 85, last line. Robert, son of Gilmicbael, was lord of Whittington. 

p. 86, 3rd para. This statement is erroneous. Henry de Holland's estates lay in 
Downholland, Ainlree, Barton and subsequently (a.d. 1212) in 
Ribbleton (p. 141). 

p. 87, 3rd para. Carucage was generally levied at the rate of 2s. from each 
plough (Matthew Paris Chronica Majora, elit. Luard, III, 88). 
A reference to this levy on p. 117, 3rd para., tells that the sum of 
24/ 1*. 13 v. 2d., which had been levied from the ploughs of the men 
of the Abbot of Furness was pardoned. It is much more probable 
that the number of the teams in Lancashire belonging to the 
Abbot was 37, than the impossible number of 246$ and T V 

p. 119, 1. 20, for (p. 109) read (pp. 83 and 109). 

p. 112, 1. 3, in notis. Orm de Ashton was not Orm, son of Ailward, ns stated in 

the pedigree of Ashton, but tenant of Ashton-under-Lyne under 
the descendant of Orm, son of Ailward (see p. 403, notes). Albert 
Grelley confirmed Ashton to Roger the son of Orm, son of Ailward, 
not to Roger, son of Orm de Ashton as stated. 

p. 125, 1st note. Hartshead in Ashton-under-Lyno was not the same place as 

Hortessvk named in the Survey. The latter is in Yorkshire. 

p. 134, 11. 31, 33, /or Alcenecote read Altenecote. 

p. 136, 1. 12,, for jibbct read gibbet. 

p. 139, 1. 35, for Udale or U If dale read Outhwaite in Roeburndale. 

p. 142, 1. 21, delete the remainder of the paragraph after " and another entry." 

The reference relates to Bolton -le- San Is (see Excerpta e rotulis 
finium, I, p. 275). 

p. 157, 1. 23, for Hnsko Moors read Kaskenmoor. 

p. 159, 1. 2, „ Amounderncss „ Makerfield. 

p. 159, 1. 14, the suggestion that this estate was in Abiam is erroneous. 

p. 207, 1. 1. The acquittance was Sakefee in the fee of Penwortham. 

p. 210, 1. 24, for brother read father. 

p. 218, 1. 16, after Elias read de Workedley or Worsley. 

p. 225, 1. 8, for bracket read brachet. 

p. 225, 1. 39, „ £39 read £139. 

p. 238, 4th para, and 1. 2 in notis, for Haskenmoor read Kaskenmoor. 

p. 241, 1. 8, before ij add de. 

p. 248, 1. 33, for Ilawise read Helewise. 

p. 254, 1. 21, „ provisi „ provisions. 

p. 260, 1. 15, „ comitial „ comital. 

p. 264, 1. 1, „ comitial „ comital. 

p. 269, 1. 3, „ has „ have. 

p. 275, 11. 4, 30. A much more probable identification of "novum Castcllum de 

Chulchet " than that given, is Culgnith, in Cumberland, which 
appears in the form of Culchet in the Pipe Roll? of Cumberland 
for the 5th year of King John. 

p. 296, 1. 2, delete the words in parenthesis. 

p. 312, 1. 31 notes, for Ulveston read Ulvcrston. 



ADDENDA ET CORRIGENDA. VU 

p. 309, Charter No. VII erroneously placed at p. 317 should follow No. VI. 

p. 324, last line but two, for Asshetons of Ashton-under-Lyne read Kirkbys of 

Kirkby-Irleth. 

p. 343, 1. 2, for me read my. 

p. 351, 1. 16, the assumption made here is erroneous. See pp. 409-10, notes. 

p. 370, 1. 32, fur baulevgani read banlevgain. 

p. 371, 1. 2S, „ gaufrido read umfrido. 

p. 37*, 1. 7, „ le Dale „ 1c Woods. 

p. 380, I. 18. William, son of Gilbert de Lancaster. The origin of the Lancaster 

family is shrouded in mystery. The monks of St. Mary of York 
deduced Gilbert do Lancaster from Ivo Taillebois, viz., son of 
Ketell, son of Eldred, son of "Ivo (Monasticon, III, p. 553). 
While it is quite certain that Ivo died without male issue, it is 
not impossible that Gilbert may have been the son of Ketell, son 
of Eldred, and brother to Orm, son of the said Ketell, who 
inherited his father's estates of Workington, Pre? ton Patrick, etc., 
and was father of Gospatrick, to whom William de Lancaster, son 
of the taid Gilbert, before the year 1170, gave (he vill of Lamplugh 
in exchange for Middleton in Lonsdale. During the period of 
Archbishop Turstin's tenure of the sec of York, and therefore 
before 1139, William, son of Gilbert de Lancaster, gave land in a 
place called Suartheued, in Hensingham or Preston, near White- 
haven, to St. Mary and St. Beda and the monks of York; Roger, 
son of Gilbert, and probably brother of the said William, 
subsequently giving two oxgangs of land in Hensingham 
(Monasticon, IT, p. 577). Ketel, son of Eldred, held Workington, 
Kelton and Salter or Saltergh in Copeland of Ranulf Meschino ; 
Morland, Preston Patrick, and lands in Newby, Kirkby Kendal 
and elsewhere in Westmorland, of the fee of Ivo Taillebois. 
Gospatric, son of Orm, son of the said Ketell, held his lands both 
in Copeland and Westmorland of the Lancasters, barons of Kendal, 
as appears by the charter of William [son of Gilbert] de Lancaster 
quoted above (Transactions, Cumberland and Westmorland, Arch. 
Society, V, p. 312), and .by Gilbert, son of Roger fitz Reinf rod's 
confirmation to the Abbey of St. Mary of York (Monasticon, III, 
p. 566). In addition to the estates enumerated, William, son of 
Gilbert de Lancaster, held the following estates in Copeland : 
Mulccaster (now Muncaster), Lamplugh and Hensingham or 
Preston (cf. Monasticon, III, p. 577). While there is nothing in 
these particulars inconsistent with an infeudation made by 
Ranulf Meschines of various estates in Copeland and Westmorland, 
to Gilbert de Lancaster, in a portion of which Ketell, son of 
Eldred, may already or subsequently have been enfeoffed, as an 
undertenant of Gilbeit's, there is no evidence to be found 
that relationship existed between Gilbert and Ketell. We are 
therefore reduced either to disbelieving the relationship altogether, 
or to placing credit upon the statement made by the monks of 
St. Mary of York, notwithstanding the fact that part of that 
statement, viz., that Eldred was the son of Ivo Taillebois, is 
disproTed by after events. 

p. 389, 1. 26. Roberto Boscer probably for Roberto de Busci. 



• • * 



Vlll ADDENDA ST CORRIGENDA. 

p. 400, lit para. The provision as to waste here referred to was more probably 

intended to confer authority upon Gilbert fits Eeinfred to take 
into his own hands all purprestures which had been made in the 
forest of Kendal and Westmorland since the time of his wife's 
grandfather, except those which had been made by the express 
licence of the lords of Kendal. The explanation contained in the 
note on page 400 as to the meaning of this clause in the King's 
charter is inconsistent with the natural interpretation to be 
placed upon the words used. 

p. 421, 1. 21, for £ th or* melees read sthorfinlees. 

p. 423, 1. 29, „ Quakcnclough read Oakenclough. 

p. 428, last line, for Stewart read* Steward. 

p. 432, 1. 4. .. Arbalester read Arbalastor. 



INTRODUCTION. 



Second only in importance to the Great Survey of William the 
Conqueror are the Great Rolls of the Exchequer, vulgarly known 
as the Pipe Rolls or Great Rolls of the Pipe, the contents of 
which, so far as they relate to the County of Lancaster, have been 
reproduced and annotated in the following pages. The character 
of these noble records is briefly described in the opening pages of 
this volume ; but a perusal of the whole series of extracts which 
follow will give the reader a better insight into the purposes and 
objects for which these rolls were drawn up, than any introductory 
remarks can convey. Up to the first year of King John, when 
the wonderful scries of our Public Records — which have con- 
tinued in almost unbroken continuity to this day — begius, early 
manorial and family history is almost entirely derived from the 
Pipe Rolls, ancient charters and monastic chartularies. This 
knowledge, coupled with the fact that the early history of the 
county subsequent to the Conquest had received but little 
attention — that little being of a somewhat superficial and 
uncritical character — induced the writer to undertake the task 
which has resulted in these pages, and to supplement an extended 
version of the entries in the Pipe Rolls and the annotation of 
those entries, by bringing together in the same volume transcripts 
of all the original charters or ancient transcripts of charters 
which could be found in the Public Records, in the MSS. 
collections of Roger Dodsworth, Christopher Towneley, Dr. 
Kuerden, the Randle Holmes, and in one or two private muniment- 
rooms to which the writer had access. While fully conscious that 
to do justice to the task requires the knowledge, insight and 
conversance with ancient records possessed by such illustrious 
workers as Horace Round, Professor Maitland or the late Robert 
Eyton, the writer felt constrained to attempt a labour for which 
he possessed but slight capabilities, on the ground that no other 
worker was in the field or seemed likely to take the field. The 
editor is therefore emboldened to ask for the indulgence of the 



X INTRODUCTION. 

more critical readers of this volume, who may find in it defects 
of transcription, extension and translation, or statements and 
deductions inconsistent with ascertained facts, in the hope that in 
it may be found some original matters of interest and some new 
light upon the history of the Honor and County of Lancaster. 

Briefly stated, the history of the county down to the reign of 
Henry the Third is as follows. In Saxon times the land between 
the rivers Mersey and Duddon formed part of the kingdom of 
Northuinbria. But in 923, King Edward took possession of the 
southern portion, lying between the Ribble and the Mersey, and 
incorporated it in the kingdom of Mercia. Sometime during the 
period which intervened before the Norman invasion, the northern 
portion, which still formed part of the kingdom of Northumbria, 
lying between the Ribble, which parted it on the south from 
Mercia, and the Duddon, which parted it on the north from 
Cumberland, was assessed to Danegeld at 500 ploughlands or 
carucates. Within this area was also included that part of 
Westmorland which afterwards formed the Barony of Kendal. 
After the abolition of the royal dignity in Northumberland in the 
year 952, that kingdom continued under the government of the 
Earls of that province. Thus we find that Earl Tostig or his 
thanes were lords of this territory before the Conquest. The 
Mercian portion was apparently assessed to the same levy, in 
conjunction with Cheshire, at 1 ,000 ploughlands or carucates, of 
which 520 lay in Cheshire proper, and 480 between the Ribble 
and the Mersey, which latter for a long period before the Conquest 
formed part of the demesne of the Kings of England. Probably 
owing to this fact, the ancient assessment in carucates had been 
converted at some period into Mercian hides, in the proportion of 
six carucates to one hide ; so that this territory was assessed 
before the Conquest at 80 hides, as against 520 in Cheshire. 

Upon the subjugation of the north by the Conqueror, all 
Lancashire from the Mersey to the Duddon was bestowed upon 
Roger, son of Roger de Montgomery, commonly called "the 
Poitevin" who also received Bowland and a large estate in 
Craven, in the county of York. Count Roger was probably put in 
possession in the year 1068. Within a few years he was 
dispossessed, on account of his participation in the rebellious acts 
of Duke Robert of Normandy during the period 1077-8. 
Subsequently William Rufus restored to him his estates in 
Lancashire, or the greater portion of them, for it is not an 




INTRODUCTION. XI 

ascertained fact that Furness and Cartmel were in the Count's 
possession between 1089 and 1102. 1 In the latter year he again 
adhered to Duke Kobert in the latter's insurrection against 
King Henry's authority in Normandy, with the result that he and 
his father's house were finally banished from the kingdom and his 
estates confiscated. It was during the twelve years which 
followed the Count's final expulsion that Henry I. 2 incorporated the 
Honor of Lancaster by the inclusion with the late Count's estates 
of the lands of other banished barons, 8 and the addition of some 
royal estates. In 1114-6, the newly incorporated Honor with 
a quota of service to the military host of some sixty odd 
knights, was bestowed by King Henry upon his nephew Stephen, 
who had already succeeded to the Comtecs of Boulogne and 
Mortain. 4 Count Stephen thus holding the Honor by his uncle's 
gift, continued in possession after his accession to the Crown in 
1135, until the troublous period of 1138-1141. 5 In the former 
year he gave all Lancashire north of the Kibble to David, King 
of Scots, as part of the price of peace, after the latter's victorious 
campaign undertaken in pursuit of his alleged title to Cumberland 
and Northumberland (see pages 274 and 297). In the latter 
year, as a result of his defeat and capture at the battle of Lincoln, 
he gave the whole Honor of Lancaster — with the exception of 
the Montbegon fee — and Lancashire between the Kibble and the 
Mersey to Kanulf, Earl of Chester, 7 under circumstances which 
are fully detailed in the following pages (see page 368 ct scq.). 
The Earl of Chester also obtained possession of Lancashire north 
of the Kibble from the King of Scots, at Whitsuntide, 1149, and 
by the Treaty of Devizes he further obtained from Duke Henry, 
as the price of his assistance in the Duke's endeavour to wrest 
the Crown of England from King Stephen, a grant or confirmation 
of the Honor. Events now followed each other in rapid suc- 
cession. A few weeks after the conclusion of the Treaty of Devizes 

1 Illustrative of this period are charters, Series I, Nob. I, II; Series II, No. I. 
3 Illustrative of this period is charter, Series XV, No. I. 

3 See page 373 post. 

4 Illustrative of this period are charters, Series I, No. Ill ; Series III, No. I ; 
Scries IV, Nos. I, II; Series XX, No. I. 

6 Illustrative of this period are charters, Series IV, No. Ill, and Series XIII, 
No. I. 

6 Illustrative of this period are charters, Series I, Nos. IV, V. 

7 Illustrative of this period are charters, Series I, Nos. VII, VIII ; Series II, 
No. II j Series V, No. II ; Series VI, No. I j Series XIII, No. II. 



Xll INTRODUCTION. 

the Earl was poisoued, as it is supposed, by William Peverel 
of Nottingham. On November 6th at Wallingford a treaty was 
made between the King and Duke Henry, whereby it was agreed 
between them that Stephen should retain his crown for the rest 
of his life, Henry acting as justiciar and practical ruler under 
him as acknowledged successor to the King and heir to 
the Crown. Further, that the King's surviving son, William, 
Count of Boulogne and Mortain, and Earl of Warren, should 
succeed to all the estates which his father had held before he 
attained to the Crown, among which was naturally included the 
Honor of Lancaster. Accordingly upon the King's death on 
October 25th, 1154, the Earl of Warren 1 succeeded to the Honor, 
which he held until his death, which occurred during the retreat 
from Toulouse, about the end of September, 1159 (see p. 5). 

During the interval between the Earl's death and Michaelmas, 
1164, when the Honor became once more a Crown estate, it 
appears probable that the issue3 were received by the Countess 
Isabel, the late Earl's widow, until her marriage in that year to 
the King's brother Hameline, Earl of Warren, when Henry II. 2 
restored to her certain of the late Earl's estates which had been 
seized after his death, taking the Honor into his own hands 
(see p. 6). Upon the death of King Henry on July 6th, 1189, 
Eichard I. gave the Honor to his younger brother John, Count of 
Mortain, 8 who appears to have taken the issues arising during the 
last three months of the fiscal year which ended at Michaelmas, 1189. 
The four years and a half during which Count John held the 
Honor were years of great development, as is shown by the 
charters recorded in the Charter Kolls of the 1 John, confirming 
various grants made by the King during the period of his 
tenure of the Honor. Many of these charters have been pre- 
served and receive notice in this volume. The cause of this 
development, of the granting out of demesne lands, bestowal of 
liberties and franchises and relaxation of the restraining influence 
exercised by the severity of the forest laws against the development 

1 Illustrative of this period arc charters, Scries I, No. XIV ; Series IV, 
Nob. IV, V, VI ; and Series XX, No. II. 

3 Illustrative or this period arc charters, Series I, Nos. XII, XII T, XVI j 
Series IV, Nos. VII, VIII, IX ; Series VI, No. II; Series VII, No. I ; Series XVI, 
No. V ; Series XVIII, Nos. I, II. 

3 Illustrative of this period are charters, Series II, No. Ill ; Series IV, No. XI; 
Series IX, Nos. II, III; Series XVIII, No. Ill ; Series XIX, No. I; Series XX 
Nos. Ill, IV, V ; Seriei XXI, No. I. 



INTRODUCTION. Xlll 

and cultivation of waste lands, by the acceptance of large sums of 
money for respite of the Reguard of the forest, was apparently 
due to John's ambitious policy and the preparations which he was 
making to seize the Crown during the King's prolonged absence 
in the East. This policy, as is well known, culminated in the 
rebellion of February, 1194, and Count John's defeat. Richard I. 1 
immediately took the Honor into his own hands, and thenceforth 
it continued as a Crown estate during the reigns of King John 2 
and Henry III., until the latter sovereign on June 30th, 1267, 
bestowed it upon his younger son Edmund Plantagenet, styled 
Crouchback, who was summoned to Parliament as Earl of 
Lancaster from December 12th, 1276. 

The Domesday Survey contains some information as to the 
status of the inhabitants of Lancashire before 1066. In the land 
between the Ribble and the Mersey there were no large estates or 
fiefs, and few even of moderate size, if we except the estates of 
Ughtred the thane, iu the Hundred of West Derby, and of 
Ganiel, the thane of Rochdale. The demesne of the Honor was 
fairly extensive, consisting in 1086 of 13 manors assessed at 107 
ploughlands and worth 23/t. 10s. per annum. In 1066 there were, 
besides the demesne, 175 manors probably held by as many thanes 
or drenghs, assessed at 474 ploughlands, and worth, in addition to 
the demesne just enumerated, 145/z. 8s. lOd. The enumeration in 
the Survey of the customs of this country proves that these thaues 
were in status but little superior to the villeins. In Amounder- 
ness it is probable that the conditions were much the same as in 
the part of the county south of the Ribble. The tenants of the 
61 manors in this hundred were dependents of the chief manor of 
Preston, and no doubt the customs whicli they owed were just as 
servile as those described in the Survey of the land between the 
Ribble and the Mersey. In addition to the demesne manor of 
Preston assessed at six ploughlands, were these 61 dependent 
manors assessed at 164 ploughlands. No particidars are recorded 
as to their value, but after the conquest of the North in 1068, 
this country was so terribly wasted that 18 years later but 
16 manors were inhabited by a few people, and the rest were 
waste. In Lonsdale there were 17 manors, some portions of 
which lay in Yorkshire, containing 63 Lancashire vills assessed at 

1 Illustrative of this period are charters, Series IV, No. XII ; Series XVI, 
Nos. VI, VII, VIII; Series XX, No. VI. 

2 lllustratiye of this reign is charter, Series XX, No. VII. 



XIV INTRODUCTION. 

162£ ploughland8. In Furness and Cartniel there were five large 
manors, three of which were assessed at six ploughlands each, the 
fourth with a berewick at seven ploughlands, the fifth, having its 
chief manor house at Hougun (now Milium Castle in Cumberland) 
with 26 dependent vills, 22 of which were in Furness and Cartmel, 
was assessed at 75 ploughlands, making in all 100 ploughlands. 
Again, as in Amounderness, no particulars as to annual value or 
customs are recorded. The whole county thus contained about 
350 manors or vills, assessed at a little over 900 ploughlands, and 
inhabited before the Conquest by a population that may be 
estimated at about 23,750 souls. The ravages of war probably 
swept away more than half the popidation living north of the 
Kibble, so that it is doubtful if the population was as great in 1102 
as it was in 1066. 

The general impression as to the state of the county during 
the century succeeding the Conquest, left upon one's mind by the 
study of such historical materials as exist, is that very few 
Normans settled in the county until a long period of years after 
1066. Count Roger himself is said to have been little pleased 
with his rugged northern fief and its impoverished inhabitants. 
In 1086 there were between Kibble and Mersey only some 20 
knights, holding* 125£ ploughlands, and of these it is doubtful if 
many were resident in the county. With the exception of Furness 
Abbey in the extreme north, founded in 1127, and two or three 
unimportant friaries and hospitals for lepers, no other monastic 
houses were founded in the county, for the dissemination of learn- 
iug or instruction in arts and crafts, until more than a century 
after the Conquest. A great part of the landowning population, 
the thanes and drenghs, and the various Serjeants of the Castles 
and Wapentakes would appear from their names to have been of 
Anglo-Saxon blood, or descendants of the Norsemen and Danes 
who had overspread the country in the tenth and early part of the 
eleventh centuries. The parsons of the thirty or more churches 
which existed here at the Conquest probably differed little from 
their neighbours except in name. In consequence of these con- 
ditions, of the sparseness of inhabitants, and of the relics of servile 
tenure lingering even amidst the landowning thanes and drenghs, 
there was little subdivision of property and few infeudations 
requiring to be recorded in the usually minute charter on parch- 
ment. Thus the historian may search in vain amidst the 
treasures of the most extensive muniment room for even a stray 



INTRODUCTION. XV 

charter inscribed before the commencement of the reign of Henry 
II., and he will find but few that can be ascribed even to that 
period of improvement and progress. Therefore, to the Lancashire 
historian, every record relating to the county, which belongs to 
the period 1066 to 1164, must be considered as of the utmost value 
and interest. 

Particular attention may be called to some of the details 
recorded in the Pipe Polls. On the first page we find reference 
to an important agreement made before 1130, between Count 
Stephen and seven thanes of the land between the Kibble and 
the Mersey. It ma^ r be reasonably surmised that the total sum 
of 220 marks paid to the King by these seven men represented 
some important liberty or franchise obtained from the chief lord 
by agreement, and sanctioned by the judgment of the King's 
Court. On page 8 will be found a list of the knights' fees within 
the couuty in the year 1166. On page 12 is recorded the tallage 
which the King took from his demesne lands in the year 1169, 
towards the endowment of his daughter Matilda, upon her 
marriage with Henry, the Lion Duke of Saxony. A subsequent 
tallage of the vills and men belonging to the royal demesne was 
made in 1177, aud is set forth on page 35. Tallages were again 
assessed in the 4 John (page 151) and in the 6 John (pages 
176-8). The first appears to have been assessed not only upon 
the vills and men of the existing demesne, but also upon lands 
of ancient demesne which had long been granted out to free 
tenants or to the King's Serjeants. The latter tallage was assessed 
upon the thanes, free tenants and Serjeants of the county ne 
trarutfretent, i.e., in lieu of military service with the King in 
foreign parts, which he was illegally exacting from them. 

A complete feodary of the Honor about the year 1200, is set 
forth on pages 144-5. The Poll of 8 Richard I. (page 92) gives 
an interesting account of the purchase of stock and implements 
for the royal demesnes which had been depleted during Count 
John's rebellion in the early spring of 1194. It is recorded 
that during the year 1196, 15 ploughs and harrows and 15 
ox-teams each of eight oxen were purchased for the cultivation 
of the demesne lauds. Also 455 head of stock, including bulls, 
cows, mares and ewes for the re-stocking of the vaccariea within 
the forest of Lancaster. 

During the reign of King John great additions were made to 
the King's lodgings in Lancaster Castle, about 550K, being 



XVI INTRODUCTION. 

expended on this work between 1210-1215, in addition to 100/i. 
previously laid out in other repairs to the gaol at Lancaster and 
to the Castle of West Derby. In 1210 large quantities of stores 
were purchased for the use of the army in Ireland, and in 1211 
for the array in Wales. In 1215 nearly 200/i. was devoted to the 
munitioning of the Castles of West Derby and Lancaster, and over 
1501L for their defence in the wages of foot soldiers and cross- 
bowmen. 

Warine de Lancaster, who was Falconer to Henry II., had 
received from that sovereign a gift of lands, including Liverpool, 
Up-Litherland, and Ravensmeols, in return for his services, which 
were hereditary. In 1207, or perhaps some years earlier, King 
John, having some prevision as to the advantages possessed by 
Liverpool as a seaport town, acquired it, or to be more accurate, 
seized it from Henry fitz Warine, and by charter dated August 
23rd, 1207, gave him English Lea in exchange for it and for Up- 
Litherland, which he had also taken into his own hands. Four 
days later he published a proclamation inviting all who would to 
come and take burgages at Liverpool, where they should enjoy all 
the liberties and free customs enjoyed by any other free borough 
on the sea coast (page 225). Further, the King on the following 
day (August 28th) issued in similar words his grant by letters 
patent making the town a free borough. In the Pipe Roll of the 
year following, the Sheriff, in rendering account of the ferm of the 
Honor, claimed allowance of 8/i. " in defaltft de Westderbi qua* 
est remota usque ad Liuerpul," which meant that the population 
of West Derby, representing the men of the King's demesne, had 
been partially removed to Liverpool, and while erecting burgage 
tenements there, had received remission of the usual rent or ferm 
of 8/r. due yearly from the adjoining royal estate of West Derby. 
This allowance continued in 1209 and 1210, but ceased after that 
year, when it is to be supposed the revenue from West Derby and 
Liverpool combined, amounted to the like sum. A few years later, 
viz., 10 Henry III., the Pipe Rolls record that the assized rent 
of " Lieverpol " was 9li, and of " West Derebe " 31 i. 12s. 6d. We 
have evidence in 1211 (page 239) that Liverpool was the usual 
seaport from which commodities were shipped to Chester and North 
Wales. 

After 1182, we meet with evidence that the county within the 
Lyme was beginning to be described as a shire, and not by the 
nomenclature of the Domesday Survey. In and before that year 



INTRODUCTION. Xvii 



" Lancastra " was not treated in the Pipe Rolls as a separate 
county, but was included under Northumberland or Yorkshire. 
Subsequently " Lancastra " appears under a separate heading and 
sometimes in conjunction with " scira." It may be said that in 
1182 the two ancient divisions, viz. "the land between the Kibble 
and the Mersey " and " Lancaster " were finally united in name 
under the style of " Lancashire." The importance of the office of 
Sheriff in early times is brought into prominence by the Pipe 
Eolls. The Sheriff represented the Sovereign in the county, 
collecting the revenue fixed and casual, receiving and transmitting 
the royal writs to those whom they concerned, keeping the King's 
peace in the county, and providing for the defence of the castles 
and the administration of the royal estates and so forth. He did 
not receive any fixed remuneration, but upon taking office he 
undertook to render yearly a fixed sum to the royal Treasury 
called the firma comitatus. This was fixed at 200K by tale for 
Lancashire in 1164. Out of the balance which he collected, amount- 
ing to a sum probably equivalent to the ferm which he rendered, he 
discharged the wages of the garrison of the royal castles, and 
various clerks, receivers, and officials, the cost of transmitting 
writs, moneys and munitions for the King's use, and last, but not 
least, he took what he could as the profit of his office for his own 
remuneration. Some particulars as to the issues of the Honor are 
set forth on pages 264-268. Until the creation of the Duchy in 
1351, the Sheriff of Lancaster was also Sheriff of the Honor, and 
possessed special jurisdiction over the lands of the Honor in divers 
counties. 

Passing on to the second part of the volume which consists of 
selected Lancashire charters of the eleventh, twelfth, and early 
thirteenth centuries, selections will be found in Series I to XII of 
documents illustrative of the following religious houses — I, the 
Abbey of St. Peter of Shrewsbury ; II, the Priory of St. Mary of 
Lancaster; III, the Priory of St. Oswald of Nostel; IV, the 
Abbey of St. Mary of Furness; V, the Priory of St. Mary of 
Penwortham ; VI, the Cluniac Hospital of St. Leonard of Kersall ; 
VII, the Hospital of St. Mary Magdalene of Preston ; VIII, the 
Cistercian Abbey of Wyresdale ; IX, the Priory of St. Mary # of 
Cartmel; X, the Priory of St. Cuthbert of Lythani; XI, the 
Priory of St. Nicholas of Burscough; and XII, the Priory of 
St. Mary of Conishead. 

The treaties which King Stephen made with Eanulf, Earl of 

b 



XVlll INTRODUCTION. 

Chester, and Henry, Duke of Normandy, occupy Series XIII ; 
the charters of the Barons of Penwortham (Bussel) Series XIV ; 
Charters of the Lords of the Honor of Clitheroe (Lacy) Series XV ; 
Charters relating to the Barony of Kendal (Lancaster) Series 
XVI; Charters relating to Ashton-under-Lyne and Heaton-in- 
Lonsdale, Series XVII ; Charters of liberties to the boroughs of 
Preston and Lancaster, Series XVIII ; Charters relating to the 
Forest of Lancaster, Series XIX ; Charters of the Lords of the 
Honor of Lancaster, Series XX; and Charters relating to 
Wesham, Grimsargh, Medlar and Greenhalgh in Amounderness, 
Series XXI. 

In the Notes to Series II, Charter No. I, will be found 
particular reference to the demesne lands of Count Koger of 
Poictou in 1094 ; in Series IV, No. IX, to the division of Furness 
Fells between the baron of Kendal and the monks of Furness ; 
in Series V, Nos. Ill and IV, to the Bussels of Penwortham and 
their free tenants ; in Series XI, No. I, to the family of Lathom, 
lords of Lathom and Knowsley ; in Series XV, No. I, to the date 
of Robert de Lacy's forfeiture of the fiefs of Pontefract and 
Clitheroe; in Series XVII, No. I, to Orm, son of Ail ward and 
his descendants, the Kirkbys of Kirkby-Irleth ; in Series XVII, 
No. Ill, to Orm, son of Magnus and his descendants, the 
Huttons of Hutton in Leylandshire ; in Series XIX, No. II, to 
the boundaries of the Forest of Lancaster with the identification 
of the places named; and in Series XX, No. I, to the early 
descents of the Molyneux family of Sefton. 

A full index of the names of persons and places occurring 
in these pages will be found at the end of the volume, for 
compiling which the editor's grateful acknowledgments are 
tendered to his secretary, Mr. Thomas Price. 



W. F. 



Marton-in-Craven. 

February &th, 1902. 



MAGNUS EOTULUS PEP.E 

DE ANNO 

TRICESIMO PEIMO EEGIS HENEICI PEIMI. 



EVERWICSCIRA ET NORHUMBERLAND. 

INTER R1BAM ET MERSAM. HOMINES COMITIS MOR1TONLE. 

Sueinus filius Lesing debet xl. marcas argenti pro concordia 
inter enm et Comitem. 

Lesinus frater suus debet xxx. marcas argenti pro eadem 
concordia. 

Eduardus de Cardiner debet xl. marcas argenti pro eadem 
concordia. 

Ailsi filius Ulfi debet xl. marcas argenti pro eadem concordia. 

Bogerus filius Eanchil debet xxx. marcas argenti pro eadem 
concordia. 

Osbertus filius Edmundi et Uctred frater suus debent xl. 
marcas argenti pro eadem concordia. 

Abbas de Everwic debet x. marcas argenti pro domibus et 
rebus quas Ermentruth et filius suus ei dederant in elemosina. 

Adam Murdac debet j. dextrum pro terra Radulfi Avunculi sui. 

Willelmus Maltravers debet M. marcas argenti Et c. libras ad 
dandum quibus Rex voluerit pro Uxore Hugonis de Laval cum tota 
terra Hugonis usque ad xv annos et post xv annos habere dotem 
et maritagium suum. 

Herbertus de Morevilla debet 1. marcas argenti ut sit quietus 
de custodia forestaria. 

Eicardus Guiz debet ij. dextros pro concessione terra, quam 
Hugo de Laval ei dedit. 

Thomas de Everwic filius Ulvieti debet j. fugatorem ut sit 
Aldermannus in Gilda Mercatorum de Everwic. 

Idem vicecomes [Bertrannus de Bullemer] reddit compotum de 

3 



2 THE LANCASHIRE PIPE ROLLS. 

ccc. et xxxvj.m. argenti et v.s. et vj.d. de minutis judicibus et 
juratoribus Comitatus de eisdem plaxjitis. 

Et In perdonis etc. [inter alia], Iii dominio Rogeri de Molbrai 
iiij.li et xv.s. de Dreinis suis. Rogerus de Molbrai reddit compotum 
de cm. argenti de eisdem placitis. In thesauro xx.li. Et In per- 
donis per breve Regis eidem Rogero, xLm. argenti. Et eidem Rogero 
in dominicis maneriis suis vij.li. et xv.s. Et debet xij.li. et v.s. 

Lincoliescira. 
Robertus Greslet reddit compotum de xx.m. argenti ut rex 
juvet euin versus Comitem MovitoniaB de quodam placito. Et de 
lx.m. argenti pro eadem conventione. In thesauro xvj.li. et j.m. 
argenti Et debet lv.m. argenti. Et j.m. auri. 

De firrna terrm Rogeri de Molbrai. 

Et in liberatione j. militis et x. servientum et janitoris et vigilii 
de Castello de Burtona de Lanesdala xxj.li. et v.s. et x.d. 

NOTES ON THE PIPE ROLL OF 31 HENRY I. (MICH. 1129-MICH. 1130). 

The Great Roll of the Exchequer, otherwise called the 
" Pipe Roll," contains the annual accounts of the revenues of the 
crown, arranged under the heads of the several counties or honors, 
for the purpose of charging and discharging the Sheriffs and other 
persons rendering accounts of the revenues of the royal estates 
and other sources of revenue, such as fines, amercements, profits 
of lands, tenements, goods or chattels seized into the hands of the 
crown, wardships, marriages, reliefs and various other casual profits. 

At this time Stephen, Count of Mortain and Boulogne, was 
lord of the Honor of Lancaster, by grant from King Henry ; the 
crown had therefore no certain revenue from this source. At a 
later period, when the honor came into the hands of the crown, 
the accounts of the revenue, both certain and casual, were yearly 
rendered by the Sheriff of the honor, at the annual Michaelmas 
audit at the Exchequer, when he obtained his discharge for all 
payments made on behalf of the crown. 

For a long period u Lancaster " was not recognized as a county ; 
and for some years the account of the ferm of the honor was 
rendered by the Sheriff of Northumberland, Lancaster being 
generally incorporated with that county, occasionally with York- 
shire, and once with Buckinghamshire. Gradually the county 
proper was distinguished from the rest of the honor, by the terms 



ROLL OF 31 HENRY I. (1129-1130). 3 

" infra comitatum " or " infra limam." The full status of a county 
appears to have been attained in 1194, when King Eichard took 
the Honor and County into his own hands and ejected his brother 
John, Count of Mortain. 

In this Roll, Bertram de Bulmer, Sheriff of Yorkshire, renders 
account of several sums of money due to the Treasury for concords 
made by certain persons, who were either Count Stephen's thanes 
or tenants by serjeanty of land " between Kibble and Mersey," 
upon a dispute between them and the Count, which had possibly 
been heard and determined in the Curia Eegis. The names of 
two, Roger, son of Ravenkill and Ughtred, son of Edmund, occur 
among the names of thirty freemen, who viewed the boundary of 
Furness Fells some years later, upon the settlement of a dispute 
as to the division of Furness Fells between the abbot and monks 
of Furness and William de Lancaster. 

William Maltravers owes a thousand marks of silver and 
one hundred pounds to the Treasury, or to whomsoever the King 
might direct payment to be made, for the widow of Hugh de Laval 
and the lands of the said Hugh, during the term of fifteen years, 
and then to have the benefit of her dowry and marriage. This 
was the fief of Pontefract and Clitheroe, which Henry I had 
bestowed upon Hugh de Laval, after Robert de Lacy's forfeiture 
in 1108. Upon the death of Hugh, about this time, the King 
granted tliis estate to William Maltravers, named above. In the 
year 1135 he was assassinated at Pontefract by a knight called 
Paganus, and having taken the cowl, died three days afterwards. 
That King Stephen restored the Honors of Pontefract and Clitheroe 
to Ilbert de Lacy, is proved by a charter of pardon granted by the 
King to the men of Ilbert de Lacy, of all forfeitures made after 
the death of King Henry until the King's coronation, and par- 
ticularly for the murder of William Maltravers. This suggests 
that Ilbert had taken violent steps to recover his father's English 
fiefs after King Henry's death. 

Robert Grelley, lord of Manchester, had been engaged in a 
suit with Count Stephen, concerning lands in his Lincolnshire 
fief. He had promised the King 20 marks for his assistance 
against Count Stephen, and had presumably obtained a favourable 
judgment, which cost him 60 marks more. He paid £16 13s. 4d. 
on account, to the Treasury by the Sheriff of Lincolnshire, and at 
Michaelmas, 1130, owed the balance of £36 13s. 4d. and one mark 
of gold. 

B 2 



4 THE LANCASHIRE PIPE ROLLS. 

Roger de Mowbray, heir to his father Nigel de Albini, was in 
ward to the King, and during his minority his estates were in the 
King's hands. Out of the issues of these estates for the year, the 
Sheriff of Yorkshire claimed allowance of £21 5s. 10rf. for the 
payment of one knight, ten serving men, one porter and one 
watchman, keeping the castle of Burton-in-Lonsdale, which then 
and long after was the caput of the Mowbray Fee in Ewecross 
Wapentake. 

Geoffrey de Clinton, the celebrated justiciar, had been in eyre 
in the year 1129 in many counties, including Yorkshire, and with 
his colleagues had held the famous " Assize of Blythe." The 
drenghs of Robert de Mowbray's demesne lands had been amerced 
for various offences and defaults ; they were afterwards granted 
remission of £4 15s. of the total fines set upon them. Roger 
de Mowbray himself owed 100 marks ; he had paid 30 marks into 
the Treasury, was pardoned the sum of 40 marks by the King's 
writ and £7 15s. more, due from his demesne manors, and still 
owed the balance of £12 5 a 



MAG. ROT. PIP., 8 HENRY II. (1161-1162). 

(Roll No. 8. m. 12.) 

Evenvichescira. 

Idem vicecomes [Bertram de Rulemer] reddit Compotum de 
Danegeldo. In thesauro c.li. et xxx.s. 

Et in perdonis per breve Regis : [inter alia] Et Monachis de 
Sallea vj.s. et ix.d. . . Et in Dominiis Comitis de Warenna 
de Lancastra xj.li. et xvij.s. et v.d. Et inter Tinain et Te3am viij.li. 
et viij.8. Summa xxxiij.li. et xiij.s. et x.d. 

NOTES ON THE PIPE ROLL OF 8 HENRY II. (MICH. 1161-MICII. 1162). 

Early in December, 1140, when King Stephen was in Lincoln- 
shire antagonizing the Empress Matilda, he granted by charter 
to Ranulph de Gernons, Earl of Chester, among other extensive 
possessions, all the land of Roger the Poictevin from Northampton 
to Scotland — except the land of Roger de Montbegon in Lincoln- 
shire — the Honor of Lancaster, and the land between Ribble and 
Mersey. By virtue of tliis grant Earl Ranulf shortly after granted 
several charters of confirmation to religious houses in Lancashire. 

Henry, Duke of Normandy, son of the Empress Matilda, had been 
elected sovereign at Winchester on April 8th, 1141. When, on 



UOLL OF 8 IIESKY II. (11(51-1102). 5. 

January 6th, 1153, he invaded England in pursuit of his claim to 
the crown, he deemed it expedient that there should be an under- 
standing between himself and the most powerful subject in the 
realm, the Earl of Chester. The result of negotiations between 
them was the Treaty of Devizes, confirmed by a charter dated 
circa March 1st, 1153, whereby the Duke confirmed large posses- 
sions both in England and Normandy to Earl Ranulf, and further- 
more gave and granted to him the whole honor of Count lloger 
the Poitevin, wherever the Earl had aught thereof. The Earl is 
generally supposed to have been poisoned soon afterwards, by 
William Peverei of Nottingham; for when, in November, 1153, 
the peace of Wallingford was concluded between King Stephen 
and the Duke, a charter of agreement was made between them, 
whereby, inter alia, it was provided that William, the King's 
youngest son, Earl of Warren and Surrey in right of his wife, 
having done homage and fealty to Duke Henry, thereby re- 
nouncing any title he might have to the throne of England, should 
receive, by grant from the Duke, whatsoever in England and 
Normandy the King held before he attained to the crown, that 
is to say, the Counties of Mortain and Boulogne, and the Honor 
of Lancaster. 

In Bertram de Buhner's account of the Danegeld of Yorkshire, 
among the contributions pardoned to various abbeys and indi- 
viduals, occurs the sum of £11 17s. od. upon the Earl of Warren's 
demesne lands of Lancaster, i.e., of the Honor of Lancaster. The 
amount shows that the Earl held 118| geldable hides of land in 
demesne in that honor, the levy being at the rate of 2s. the hide 

In July, August, and September, 1159, King Henry was 
besieging Toulouse, but circa September 26th, he broke up the 
siege. In the retreat died Earl Warren. Soon after whose death, 
c. 1159-1162, King Henry granted by charter to the bedesmen of 
Montmorel, in the diocese of Avranches, for the soul of the 
Count whose body was buried there, ten marcatcs of land in 
Ickleton, County Cambridge, which Turold de Boreham, the late 
Count's Seneschal, apportioned by the order of Beginald de Warren. 

In the year 1163 his widow, Isabel, married Hameline 
Plantagenet, natural son of Geoffrey Plantagenet, Earl of Anjou, 
and jure uxoris, fifth Earl of Warren and Surrey. The Pipe 
Eoll for the 10 Henry II (1163-1164) records the payment of 
£41 10*. M. out of the Ferm of London and Middlesex, for cloth 
(pannus) for the Couutess of Warren, doubtless for her trousseau. 



6 THE LANCASHIRE PIPE ROLLS. 

MAG. EOT. PIP, 11 HENRY II. (1164-1165). 

(Eoll No. 11. m. 11, in dorso.) 

Evcnoichescira. 
Lancastre. 

Gaufridus de Valoniis reddit Compotum de firina de Lancastra 
de ccli. In thesauro liberavit in ij. tallis. Et Quietus est. 

Idem reddit Compotum de lii.li. et xvj.s. et viij.d. de Exercitu 
Walise. In thesauro xxxitij.li. et iij.s. et iiij.d. 

Et in perdonis per breve Eegis x. militum qui fuerunt in 
Exercitu cum rege x. marcae. Et Eicardo Pincerme viij. marcae. 
Et Henrico de Laci v. marcse. Et debet v. marcas. Et Idem 
reddit Compotum de Eodem debito. In thesauro xl.s. per Comitem 
Hugonem, pro Ernaldo Eufo. Et debet ij. marcas. 



NOTES ON THE PIPE ROLL OF 11 HENRY II. (MICH. 1164-MICH. 1165). 

The history of the honor, between the death of the Earl of 
Warren, and Michaelmas, 1164, is obscure; that it cannot have 
been in the Kiug's hands, is clear from the silence of the Pipe 
Eolls for those years. It is therefore possible that it was held by 
the Countess Isabel, until her marriage with Earl Hammeline, and 
that the King thereupon took it into his own hands, restoring 
instead the County of Norfolk and the Honor of Pevensey, which 
he had seized after the death of William, Earl of Warren. 

The Ferm of the Honor of Lancaster amounted to the sum of 
£200 num-ero, i.e., reckoned by tale, and not dealbated or pure 
(blanche) money. This sum was an estimate of the revenue which 
might be expected to arise from the King's demesne lands, thane- 
lands, and other territories parcel of the honor. It consisted of 
various sums apportioned on each item of the royal estate, some 
of which are revealed in the Testa de Nevil : for instance, £5 was 
yearly due from the town of Nottingham, and a like sum from the 
town of Derby, £13 from lands in Navenby, about £50 from 
the thane-lands of Lancashire. Many other items are revealed 
by the Pipe Eolls, when the King made grants out of his royal 
estate, for which the Sheriff claimed allowance. This sum of 
£200 the Sheriff stipulated to pay to the Treasury, in two sums : 
£80, due at Easter, and £120, due at Michaelmas each year ; any 
deficiency was carried over to the following year, as a debt against 
him, but allowance was made for all the payments which he had 
made during the year, by virtue of the King's writ or mandate 



ROLL OF 11 HENRY II. (1164-1165). 7 

(breve Regis). The county ferm, or ferm of the honor, was always 
kept distinct from other details of casual or extraordinary revenue, 
and invariably appears first on the Pipe Roll. The extraordinary 
revenue varied greatly from year to year. It arose from eschaeted 
lands, felons' goods and chattels, from aids and scutages, confir- 
mations of charters, writs of right to take action at law, offerings 
made for the King's pardon or good will, or for the privilege of 
being heard before the King in the Curia Regis, the fines and 
amerciaments accruing from eyres of the Justices or forest eyres, 
and so forth. 

"Lancastra" appears this year under the heading of Yorkshire. 
Geoffrey de Valoines, a younger brother of Peter de Valoines, who 
held a large fief in the Counties of Hertfordshire, Norfolk, Suffolk, 
and Essex, was the Sheriff of the honor this year. He paid the ferm 
into the Treasury without deduction, a somewhat unusual occurrence 
and one which suggests that the ferm had recently been fixed at the 
sum of £200. Certain entries in after years, point to the fact that 
he had acted as Seneschal of the honor to William de Warren. 
He held Brocton in County Leicester by grant from Albert Bussel 
and Farleton, and Cantsfield by grant from Adam de Montbegon. 

During the months of June and July, 1165, King Henry had 
been making preparations for a renewed attack upon Wales, of 
which there is ample evidence in the Pipe Rolls of this year. 
According to Alexander de Swereford, a third scutage for the army 
in Wales had been levied in the eighth year of Henry II. The 
references in the present Roll probably refer to that scutage, but 
the sum accounted for (£52 16s. 8d.) was too large to represent the 
levy at the rate of 1 mark on each knight's fee, and probably 
included sums of money received from other individuals or 
corporate bodies by way of gift (donum). Several of the King's 
tenants-in-chief had been with him in the army in Wales, and 
having performed military service were excused their quota by the 
King's writ. The following allowances were made to the Sheriff on 
this account, viz., 10 marks to ten knights who had been in the army 
with the King ; 8 marks to Richard le Boteler of Warrington, for 
eight knight's fees held by him ; 5 marks to Henry de Lacy for 
his fee of Clitheroe for five knight's fees ; leaving a balance due of 
5 marks, which was later reduced to 2 marks by the receipt of 40*. 
by the hands of Hugh Bigod, Earl of Norfolk, on account of three 
fees held by Arnald le Ros (liufu*) in Sussex, which this family 
held under the said Earl. 



8 THE LANCASHIRE PIPE ROLLS. 

In the early part of the year 1166, at the second Council of 
Clarendon, the King's writ was issued to all the barons and tenants- 
in-chief throughout the kingdom, requiring them to certify the 
number of knights' fees held " de veteri feoffamento," i.e., those of 
which the tenants had been enfeoffed before the death of Henry I, 
the number and names of the tenants " de novo feoffamento," i.e., 
those who had been enfeoffed subsequent to that date, and the 
number of knights' fees which they held in demesne ; so that " if 
there were any who had not yet done allegiance to the King, and 
whose names were not yet entered on the King's roll, they should 
do such allegiance before the first Sunday in Lent," upon which 
day, being the 13th March that year, the w r rit was returnable. 
The Liber Niger and the Liber Rubeus of the Exchequer, which 
contain the various schedules returned in obedience to the King's 
precepts, do not appear to contain any return from the tenants-in- 
chief of the Honor of Lancaster. 1 However, the following list of 
knights' fees of the Honor of Lancaster, held by tenants "infra 
comitatum " is probably correct for this period : — 

Albert Grelley for the barony of Manchester ... h\ fees. 

Henry de Lacy „ „ Clitheroe ... 5 

Richard fitz Eustace, Constable of Chester, for 

the barony of Widnes 4 

Albert Bussel for the barony of Fenwortham ... 3 
Richard le Boteler in right of his wife Beatrix, 

dau. and heir of Matthew de Vilars, for the 

barony of Warrington ... ... ... ... 2 

Adam de Montbegon for his fee in Tottington 

and Bury 
Robert Banastre for his fee in Makerfield 
William de Lancaster for his fee in Warton and 

Ljtirstting ... ... ... ... ... 

Adam de Molyneux for the fee of Sefton 
Richard, son of Roger, for his fee in Bryning, &c. 
Adam de Middleton for his fee in Middleton ... 



» 



*» 



» 



2 


>> 


1 


fee. 


1 


a 


l 

2 


ft 


X 

4 


a 


1 

TT 


it 



1 The Honor of Lancaster being a crown estate, the King would not make a 
return of the fees held of that honor. 



KOLL OF 12 HENRY II. (11G5-1166). 9 

MAG. EOT. PIP., 12 HENTKY II. (1165-1166). 

(Roll No. 12. m. 2, in dorso.) 

Bwchingeha mscira. 
Lancastra. 

Gaufridus de Valoniis reddit Compotum de cc.li. de firma de 
Lancastra. In thesauro liberavit in ij. tallis. Et Quietus est. 

Hugo Plucher et Leon de Malniuers rcddunt Compotum de ij. 
marcis de Exercitu, qui requirebantur in Honore de Lancastra. In 
thesauro liberaverunt. Et Quietus est {sic). 

Walterus de Tolusa reddit Compotum de iiij.li. et xj.s. pro 
Catallis suis habendis, qui requirebantur in Euerwicseira. In 
thesauro liberavit. Et Quietus est. 



NOTES ON THE PIPE ROLL OF 12 HENRY II. (MICH. 1165-MICH. 1166). 

Lancastra appears this year under Buckinghamshire. 

Geoffrey de Valoines vacated the office of Sheriff of the honor 
at Michaelmas, and rendered his account of the ferm of Lancaster 
for the past year. He paid £200 into the Treasury by two tallies, 
one for the Easter ferm of £80, and the other for the Michaelmas 
ferm of £120, and was quit. 

A balance of 2 marks had remained due, on account of the 
scutage, from the last account. Hugh Plucher and Leon de 
Malnvers pay this sum into the Treasury. This fee was the Manor 
of Holme, now Holme-Fierrepont, in the southern division of the 
Wapentake of Bingham, County Notts, and was part of the Domes- 
day fief of Roger de Busli, but it had passed either by eschaet and 
re-grant, or otherwise, to Leon de Malnvers, and was held as of 
the Honor of Lancaster. 

Walter de Toulouse paid £4 lis. to have restitution of his 
cattle. It was the balance of the sum of 100s. which he had 
offered for a writ of right to sue in the Curia Eegis for the recovery 
of his cattle, which had probably been seized for some transgres- 
sion. He had previously paid 9s., as accounted for on the Pipe 
Roll of the previous year, under Yorkshire. The entry has no 
reference to Lancaster. 



10 THE LANCASHIllE HPE ROLLS. 

MAG. ROT. PII\, 13 HENEY II. (1166-1167). 
(Roll No. 13. m. 10, in dor so.) 

Norhurriberland. 
Lancastra. 

Willelmus de Vesci ^reddit Compotum de cc.li. de Honore de 
Lancastra. In thesauro c. et quater xx. et xiiij.li. et xiij.s. et 

• • • • ^ 

mj.d. 

Et Johanni Maleducto et Willelmo filio Martini c. et vj.s. 
et viij.d. per breve Comitis Legrecestrise, quando iverunt ad Lan- 
castram in servicio Regis. Et Quietus est. 



NOTES ON THE PIPE ROLL OF 13 HENRY II. (MICH. 1166-MICH. 1167). 

William de Vesci, Sheriff of Northumberland from Michaelmas, 
1157, to Easter, 1170, had taken the place of Geoffrey de Valoines 
as Sheriff of Lancaster, after Michaelmas the previous year. He 
was the son and heir of Eustace fitz John, Lord of Knaresborough, 
who had fallen in the ambuscade of Welshmen at Counsylth, near 
Basingwerk, in July, 1157, when King Henry was invading North 
Wales. His mother, Beatrix, was the daughter and heir of Yvo de 
Vesci, Baron of Malton and Alnwick ; William de Vesci was 
therefore the half-brother of Richard fitz Eustace, Constable of 
Chester and Baron of Halton and Widnes. 

He paid £194 13s. 4d. into the Exchequer and claimed allow- 
ance for the balance, £5 65. 8d., which he had paid by authority of 
a writ received from the Earl of Leicester, then Chief Justice of 
England, to John Mauduit and William fitz Martin when they 
went to Lancaster on the King's service. In the year 1166, 
nearly every county in England was visited by Justices-in-Eyre, 
and it was doubtless in this capacity, that John Mauduit and 
William fitz Martin had visited Lancaster. The former undoubt- 
edly acted occasionally as Justiciar for the King, and was pro- 
bably connected with the Mauduits, who for two generations 
filled the post of Chamberlain to Kings Henry I and Henry II. 



ROLL OF 14 HENRY II. (1167-1168). 11 

MAG. ROT. PIP., 14 HENRY II. (1167-1168). 

(Roll No. 14. m. 22, in dorso.) 

Norhumbreland. 

Lancastra, 

Idem Vicecomes [Willielmus de Vesci] reddit Compotum de 

ccli. de Honore de Lancastra. In thesauro c. et quater xx.li. et 

xxj.s. ex iiij.d. 

Et in Operatione Novi Castelli super Tinam xviij.li. et xviij.s. 
et viij.d. Et Quietus est. 

Summa denariorum quos Vicecomes misit in Operatione 
Castellorum de Baenburc et Novi Castelli super Tinam, de firma 
Comitatus et de firma de Lancastra et de Placitis et Conven- 
tionibus: clj.li. per breve Ricardi de Luci et per visum Roberti 
de Stutevilla et Rogeri filii Ricardi. 

NOTES ON THE PIPE ROLL OF 14 HENRY II. (MICH. 1167-M1CH. 1168). 

William de Vesci, the Sheriff of Northumberland, still con- 
tinues to render the account of the ferm of Lancaster, 1 and had 
paid the sum of £181 Is. 4c£ into the Treasury. The balance, 
£18 18s. 8d., for which he claims allowance, had been expended 
in work upon the new Castle upon Tyne. About July, 1157, 
Malcolm, King of Scots, had surrendered Bamborough, the new 
Castle upon Tyne, and Carlisle Castle, to King Henry, and had 
done homage to him at Chester. Thereupon the King had given 
orders that these Castles should be strengthened and put into a fit 
state of defence, and during the two years ending at Michaelmas, 
1168, work had been executed upon the Castles of Bamborough and 
Newcastle-upon-Tyne to the value of £151, under the superinten- 
dence and oversight of Robert de Stutevill, afterwards Sheriff of 
Yorkshire, and Roger fitz Richard of Warkworth. King Henry had 
fortified the Castle of " Were " or Warkworth in the year 1158. 
The writ to direct the Sheriff to execute the work was issued by 
Richard de Lucy, who had been Justiciar since King Henry's 
coronation. The sum expended had been met partly out of the 
ferm of the County of Northumberland and that of the Honor of 
Lancaster, and partly out of revenue which resulted from the 
Eyre of the Justices in 1166, but the detailed account of these 
receipts does not appear upon the Pipe Rolls for the years 1167 
and 1168. 

1 At the back of this rotulet at the foot, is the endorsement " Lancasirr," but 
in a later hand than that of the roll itself. 



12 THE LANCASHIRE PIPE ROLLS. 

MAG. EOT. Pir., 15 HENRY II. (1168-1169). 
(Roll No. 15. m. 18, in dorso.) 
Nwhwmbreland. 
Zancastra. 

Idem Vicecomes [Willielinus de Vesci] reddit Compotum de 
ccli. de Honore de Lancastra. In thesauro c. et quater xx. et vj.li. 
et xiij.s. et iiij.d. 

Et in terris datis Willelmo de Valeinis x.li. in Culfou. Et 
debet v. marcas. 

De AvxMo ad maritandam filiam Regis. 

Idem Vicecomes reddit Compotum de ij. marcis et dimidia de 
auxilio de CurtmeL In thesauro liberavit in ij. tallis. 

Et Quietus est. 

Homines de Sauford reddunt Compotum de xiiij.li. et x.s. de 
eodem auxilio. In thesauro liberaverunt in xxij. tallis. 

Et Quieti sunt. 

Robertus Alius Henrici reddit Compotum de x. marcis de eodem 
auxilio. In thesauro v. marcae. Et debet v. marcas. 

Idem vicecomes reddit Compotum de x.li. de auxilio de 
Prestona et de Schingeltona et de Rigbi et de Presoura et de 
Estona. In thesauro liberavit in viij. tallis. Et Quietus est. 

Uctredus de Schingeltona reddit Compotum de xx.li. de eodem 
auxilio. In thesauro viij.li. et vj.s. et viij.d. Et debet xj.li. et 
xiij.s. et iiij.d. 

Idem vicecomes reddit Compotum de xj.li. et iij.s. et iiij.d. 
de auxilio de Derbi cum pertiuentiis suis. In thesauro liberavit in 
xix. tallis. Et Quietus est. 

Idem vicecomes reddit Compotum de xxvj.li. et xiijs. et iiij.d. 
de auxilio Villarum in Lonesdele Wapentachio. In thesauro liber- 
avit in xv. tallis. Et Quietus est 

Warinus serviens debet ij. marcas. 

Adam filius Bernulfi reddit Compotum de xx. marcis de eodem 
auxilio. In thesauro xxiiij.s. et viij.d. Et debet xij.li. et ij.s. 

Orm de Hedoc reddit Compotum de x. marcis de eodem auxilio. 
In thesauro xiij s. et iiij.d. Et debet vj.li. 

Idem vicecomes reddit Compotum de xxviij.li. de auxilio de 
Machesfeld Wapentachio et de Lonesdale Wapentachio. In thes- 
auro liberavit in x. tallis. Et Quietus est. 

Idem vicecomes reddit Compotum de ij. marcis de auxilio de 
Crokeston in Legrecestrieecira. In thesauro liberavit. 

Et Quietus est. 



KOLL OP 15 HENRY H. (1168-1169). 13 

Idem vicecomes reddit Compotum de lxvj.li. et xiij.s. et iiij.d. 
de Communi Assisa Comitatus de Lancastra, pro defaltis et miseri- 
cordiis. In thesauro lxj.li. et viij.d. Et debet c. et xij.s. et viij.d. 

Everwicscira. 

De auxUio ad maritandam JUiam Regis, 
[inter alia] Henricus de Laci debet xiij.li. et vij.s. et vj.d. de 
novo feoffainento. 

Nova placita et novce conventiones. 

Eicardus de Rue r. C. de v.m. pro festinando jure suo contra 
Michaelem de Furneis. In th'ro. xj.s. Et deb. lv.s. et viij.d. 

NOTES ON THE PIPE ROLL OF 15 HENRY II. (MICH. 1168-MICH. 1169). 

Lancaster again occurs under Northumberland on the Pipe 
Roll of this year. 

The Sheriff, William de Vesci, renders his account of the 
ferm of the honor, and having paid £186 13s. M. into the 
Treasury, claims allowance for ten librates of land, which King 
Henry had given to William de Valoines in Culpho, in co. Suffolk, 
before Michaelmas, 1168. This grant diminished the ferm of the 
honor by the sum of £10, and for the future the Sheriff yearly 
claims allowance of this sum. These ten librates of land in 
Culpho were held by military service of the Honor of Lancaster, 
by the service of half a knight's fee, and were part of the Domes- 
day fief of Roger of Poictou, in Sussex. William de Valoines 
afterwards gave the church of Culpho to the Abbey of Leystone, 
founded circa 1182 by Ranulf de Glanvill. 

The Sheriff owes upon balance the sum of 5 marks, which was 
carried forward to the next year's account, as a debt due from him. 

In the year 1166, King Henry had negotiated a marriage 
for his eldest daughter Matilda with Henry, the Lion Duke of 
Saxony, and in the present year, 1168-9, the aid (auxilium) on the 
said marriage was collected by the Sheriffs throughout England, 
upon the basis of 2 marks from each knight's fee, and in the 
case of the crown lands, probably a sum assessed upon each town- 
ship ; but there is no return of any contribution from the tenants 
by knights' service of the Honor of Lancaster. 

Cartmel contributed 2£ marks in 2 tallies. 

The men of Salford £14 10s. in 22 tallies. 

Robert, son of Henry, ancestor of the Lathom family, contributed 
10 marks. 



14 THE LANCASHIRE PIPE ROLLS. 

Preston, Singleton, Eibby, Preesall and Ashton, all in Anioun- 
derness, contributed £10 in 8 tallies. 

Ughtred de Singleton, sometimes called Ughtred son of Huck, 
rendered an account of £20, which may have been assessed upon 
the remainder of the royal estate in Amounderness. He paid 
£8 65. 8rf. on account, and owed £11 135. 4d. 

The Hundred of West Derby with its members contributed 
£11 35. id. in 19 tallies. 

The towns in Lonsdale Wapentake contributed £26 13s. 4d. in 

15 tallies. 

Warin serviens or serjeant contributed 2 marks. 

Adam son of Bernulf [de Kellet], a tenant of Michael [le 
Fleming] de Furness in Urswick, rendered an account of 20 marks. 
He paid 24s. 8d. on account, and owed £12 2s. 

Orm de Haydock, probably the father of Alured of luce, in 
Wigan parish, rendered an account of 10 marks. He paid 13s. 4d. 
and owed £6. 

The Wapentakes of Makerfield and Lonsdale contributed £28 
in 10 tallies. 

Croxton, in Leicestershire, contributed 2 marks. William, 
Count of Boulogne, had been a benefactor to the Abbey of Croxton 
and had endowed it with lands there. There are good grounds for 
supposing that he was the founder of the abbey, for Willielmus 
Portarius, the reputed founder, did not obtain a footing here until 
some years later. 

The Sheriff renders an account of £66 13?. 4tf. (100 marks), 
arising from a general Assize of the County of Lancaster, for 
defaults and amercements, whereby it appears that this sum was 
not the result of an Eyre of the Justices, but was a composition 
or general fine, assessed by competent persons, to discharge the 
county from liability on account of various negligences, purpres- 
tures and trespasses within the widely extended forest lands of 
Lancaster. The Sheriff paid £61 0s. 8d. into the Exchequer and 
owed £5 12s. 8d on balance. 

YORKSHIRE PIPE ROLL. 

Henry de Lacy, Lord of Pontefract, contributed a sum to the 
Aid, based upon the number of knights' fees of new feoffment 
which he possessed. 

Kichard de Eos (?) had offered 5 marks that his suit against 
Michael de Furness might be expedited. He paid lis. on account. 



ROLL OF 16 HENRY II. (1169-1170). 15 

MAG. EOT. PIP., 16 HENEY II. (1169-1170). 

(Eoll No. 16. m. 6, in dor so.) 

Norhumhreland. 
Lancastra. 

Bogeru8 de Herleberga reddit Compotum de c. et xx.li. de 
firma Honoris de Lancastra do dimidio anno de termino Sancti 
Michaelis. In thesauro cli. et as. 

Et in terris Datis Willelmo de Valeinis as. de dimidio anno. 
Et debet x.li. 

Willelmus de Vesci reddit Compotum de quater xx.li. do 
dimidio anno de termino Paschse. In thesauro lxxv.li. Et in 
Terris Datis Willelmo de Valeinis c.s. de dimidio anno. 

Et Quietus est. 

Idem Willelmus de Vesci reddit Compotum de v. marcis de 
veteri firma ejusdem Honoris. In thesauro liberavit. 

Et Quietus est. 

De AuxUio ad Maritandam filiam Regis. 

Eobertus filius Henrici reddit Compotum de v. marcis de eodem 
auxilio. In thesauro liberavit. Et Quietus est. 

Uchtredus de Schingeltona debet xj.li. et xiij.s. et iiij.d. de 
eodem auxilio. 

Warinus serviens reddit Compotum de ij.m. de eodem auxilio. 
In thesauro liberavit. Et Quietus est. 

Adam filius Bernulfi reddit Compotum de xij.li. et ij.s. de eodem 
auxilio. In thesauro xiij.s. Et debet x.li. 

Orm de Heddoch reddit Compotum de vj.li. de eodem auxilio. 
In thesauro xl.s. Et debet iiij.li. 

Idem vicecomes debet c. et xij.s. et viij.d. de Commuui assisa 
Comitatus de Lancastra pro defaltis et Misericordiis. 

Debita Regis dt eodem Honore a tempore Galfridi de Voloniis, 
.per Breve Johannis Maldoeti et Willelmi JUii Martini, et 
Rescriptum Willelmi de Vesci. 

Michaelis de Furneis debet xx.li. de firma teroe suae, per 
plegium Eicardi pincernre de x. marcis et Hugonis Norman de as. 
et Eicardi de Winequic de c.s. 

Albertus Buissel debet xviij. marcas et dimidiam. Adam de 
Munbegun debet lxxv. marcas. Eobertus filius Willelmi debet 
jcxxv, marcas pro pace Eegis habenda, per plegium Willelmi de 



16 TlfB LANCASHIRE PIPE ROLLS. 

Lancastra de v. marcis et Gospatri filii Orm de v. marcis et 
Willelmi de Vesci de x. marcis et Michaelis de Furnes de v. 
marcis et Kogeri filii KauenkiT de v. marcis et Adam filii Helye 
de v. marcis. 

De Placitis Alani de Nevilla. 

Totus Coniitatus de Lancastra debet cc, marcas ut visus forest® 
poneretur in respectum usque ad aliam reguardam forestae. 

Eicardus de Winequich debet xl. marcas pro catallis Willelmi 
de Neuilla, quae ipse cepit super defensionem Eegis et non defendit 
hoc in placito coram Justiciariis Regis. 

Eicardus de Moreuilla debet cc. marcas pro recto habendo de 
terra quam clamat cum filia Willelmi de Lancastra. 

NOTES ON THE PIPE ROLL OF 16 HENRY II. (MICn. 1169-MICH. 1170). 

At a great Court held in London at Easter, the Sheriffs 
throughout the country were removed from office by the King and 
a commission of enquiry issued to the Barons, whereby they were 
directed to take the oaths of all the Barons, Knights, and Freeholders 
of each county and to receive their evidence, as to the receipts of 
the Sheriffs and their servants, and all other special administra- 
tors of the royal demesne, to ascertain if the Sheriffs had justly 
enforced the Assize of Clarendon and had honestly collected the 
aid to marry the King's daughter, the profits of the forests and 
other sources of royal income. The Sheriffs were afterwards 
acquitted, but none were replaced in their former office, and a 
blow was struck at the local influence of the feudal lords by the 
appointment of many officers of the Exchequer and Curia Eegis 
to the vacant Magistracies. 

William de Vesci quitted office as Sheriff of Lancaster as also 
of Northumberland, at Easter 1170, consequently he answers for 
the ferm of £80 only, due at the Easter Term. He paid £75 into 
the Treasury, took credit for 100s. as the half-year's allowance for 
10 librates of land recently granted to William de Valoines, and 
paid the arrears of 5 marks which had been brought over to his 
debit from the previous year's account of the ferm of the honor, 
and so he was quit. 

Roger de Herleberg was his successor in office. He rendered 
his account of the ferm of £120 for the half-year ending at 
Michaelmas, paying £105 into the Treasury, taking credit for 
£5 on account of the before-mentioned grant, and owed upon 
balance the sum of £10 



ROLL OF 16 HEN11Y II. (1169-1170). 17 

The arrears carried over from the previous year, and remaining 
due on account of the aid to marry the King's daughter, are duly set 
out, the payments credited and the balances again carried forward. 

Reference to the visit of John Mauduit and William fitz Martin 
to Lancaster on the King's business, occurred upon the Roll for the 
13 Henry II. That visit was probably in connection with the 
assessment of the aid pir fille marier and probably included an 
enquiry into the administration of the royal forests of Lancaster, 
which covered a vast tract of country, more particularly in the 
Hundred of Lonsdale, where the forest precincts included many 
townships and extended almost to the very walls of Lancaster 
Castle. To fell timber, to convert pasture or waste into arable, to 
make any kind of enclosure, to erect edifices or dispose of the same 
within this territory, were offences against the oppressive Forest 
laws ; but notwithstanding the wild and inaccessible nature of the 
country, there had undoubtedly been a gradual re-settlement of the 
townships devastated after the Norman invasion and a considerable 
growth of population within the area described as Forest. The 
extension of the cultivated area and the erection of houses was the 
result, and although illegal, had been tacitly permitted all over 
the county by the Sheriff and Crown officers. But the reign of 
Henry II produced a greatly improved organization and adminis- 
tration of the laws throughout the country, and while eager to check 
the excesses and curtail the power of the feudatories, the King 
eagerly sought to swell the royal income by placing the control of 
the counties and the royal estates in the hands of officers of the 
Exchequer and Curia Regis, as Sheriffs, and organizing a regular 
and effective eyre of the Justices throughout the realm. 

The present roll bears witness to a stricter policy of adminis- 
tration. Sundry debts due to the King since the time when 
Geoffrey deValoines became Sheriff in 1164, were brought to light 
and certified by the writ of John Mauduit and William fitz Martin 
and by the report of the late Sheriff. 

Michael de Furness held 20 \ carucates of land in Furness for a 
yearly rent of £10. He was in arrears to the extent of two years' 
rent, and now finds the requisite sureties for payment, viz., Richard 
le Boteler for 10 marks, Hugh Norman (or Norris) for 100$., and 
Richard de Win wick for 100s. 

Albert Bussel, lord of Penwortham, owes 18 \ marks. 

Adam de Montbegon, lord of Hornby and of the fee of Middleton 
and Bury, owes 75 marks. 





18 THE LANCASHIRE PIPE ROLLS. 

Circa September, 1157, the King, at Woodstock, confirmed 
an agreement made between William fitz Gilbert and the monks 
of Furness. There are seveial Lancashire men among the witnesses, 
and also Geoffrey de Valoines, who may at that time have occupied 
the position of Seneschal of Lancaster to William Count of Boulogne. 

It is not improbable that the debts above referred to, had 
remained from the time when the said Count was in possession of 
the Honor of Lancaster. If the debts due from Albert Bussel and 
Adam de Montbegon remained due on account of their reliefs, we 
should get 1155-1159 as the approximate date of the death of 
their predecessors, viz., Richard Bussel, the elder brother of Albert, 
and Roger de Montbegon, father of Adam named in this Roll. 
Richard Bussel was a benefactor to the Abbey of Croxton. 

Robert, son of William (see p. 25), owes 35 marks for the King's 
pardon and finds sureties for payment, viz., William de Lancaster 
for 5 marks, Gospatric the son of Orm (ancestor of the Curwens of 
Workington and cousin to William de Lancaster) for 5 marks, 
William de Vesci (Baron of Malton and Alnwick) for 10 marks, 
Michael de Furness for 5 marks, Roger son of Ravenkill for 5 
marks, and Adam son of Helye for 5 marks. 

Alan de Nevill had held Pleas of the Forest in several counties, 
but in the County of Lancaster none were held, an assessment or 
composition of 200 marks being accepted from the whole county, 
in order that the View of the Forest might be put in respite until 
another Forest Regard. 1 The peculiar conditions already referred 
to in a previous note, rendered it advisable to compound with the 
King's Justiciar by the payment of a large sum, rather than 
undergo a Regard of the Forest, and pay the penalties which 
would follow the disclosure of widespread trespasses before the 
Justices in Eyre. 

Some time during the years 1189-1194, John, Earl of Mortain, 
granted by charter that the knights, thanes and freeholders 
dwelling within the forest of the Honor of Lancaster, should have 
licence to assart and pasture their own underwoods, and should be 
acquitted from the Forest Regard, and for this charter they gave 

1 A View of the Forest, to be taken by the Regarders every third year, 
preceded the general eyre of the Forest held by the Justiciar, and no Justice Seat 
or Picas could bo hold until this View had been taken. All offences against the 
Forest laws were first tried in the Swanimote, where the Terderers were judges and 
the freeholders dwelling within the forest, owed suit and service; no judgment or 
punishment followed there, but the presentments were placed upon a roll to be 
produced at the General Eyre. 



ROLL OF 17 HENRY II. (1170-1171). 19 

him the sum of £500. Which charter was confirmed by King John, 
after his accession to the throne, and likewise by King Henry III., 
in the thirteenth year of his reign. 

Richard de Winwick owes 40 marks for William de Nevill's 
cattle, which he seized contrary to the King's injunction, and put 
in no defence when impleaded before the King's Justices. 

Richard de Morvill, the younger son of Simon de Morvill, lord 
of Burgh-on-Sands and Ishall, co. Cumberland, married Avicia, the 
daughter of William de Lancaster I. 1 He offers the King 200 
marks for a writ of right to sue for the lands which he claims in 
marriage with the said Avicia. This points to the fact that 
William de Lancaster I. was then dead and the action would be 
taken against the son, or if he was under age, against the 
guardians. 

It does not appear what particular lands Richard de Morvill 
obtained with his wife. In the year 1189-1190 he and his wife 
made a grant to the monks of Furness of land in Selside, co. York, 
held under de Mowbray, which grant was confirmed the following 
year by their son and heir William de Morvill. 



MAG. ROT. PIP., 17 HENRY II. (1170-1171). 
(Roll No. 17. m. 3, in dorso.) 

Lancastra. 

Rogerus de Herleberga reddit Compotum de x.li. de veteri firma 
de Lancastra. Roberto Puherio et Madiho liberavit por breve 
Regis. Et Quietus est. 

Et Idem de cc.li. numero de Nova firma. In thesauro quater 
xx. et xv.li. et xij.s. numero. Et in Terris Datis WiHelmo de 
Valeinis x.li. in Culeforda. Et Roberto Puherio et Madiho lxvj.li. 

1 William de Lancaster I. held one knight's fee in Amounderness, Lonsdale, and 
Furness of the Honor of Lancaster. His Kendal fief, however, was held under 
Hugh de Morrill, lord of Westmorland and grantee in the year 1158 from King 
Henry of the Custle of Knaresborough and other estates in Yorkshire and West- 
morland. This Hugh, who was probably the uncle or possibly the brother of 
Simon de MorviU, lord of Burgh-on-Sands, was one of the four knights who 
assassinated Thomas a Becket, Archbishop of Canterbury, in the year 1170, where- 
upon he lost all his estates and died soon after in the Holy Land. 

The whole County of Westmorland was granted to Philip de Valoines in 1170, 
when he paid £30 for his relief of four knights' fees for the Barony of Appleby, 
and two knights' fees for the Barony of Kendal, of which latter estate Willi iin de 
Lancaster 11. was in cene -tenant under him. 

c 2 



20 THE LANCASHIRE PIPE BOLLS. 

per breve Regis. Et in Operationibus ij. Castellorum ligneorum 
mittendorum in Hybernia xiiij.li. et xj.s. per breve Regis. Et 
debet xiij.li. et xvj.s. nuniero, qui remanserunt super terras quas 
Willelmus lilius Walkelini et Nigellus de Greselea tenent. 

De Auxilio ad Maritandam filiam Regis. 

Uchtredus de Schingeltona debet xj.li. et xiij.s. et iiij.d. de 
eodem auxilio. Adam lilius Bernulli debet x.li. de eodem auxilio. 
Orni de Heddoch' debet iiij.li. de eodem auxilio. 

Idem vicecomes del)et c. et xij.s. et viij.d. de Communi Assisa 
Cuinitatus de Lancastra pro defaltis et Misericordiis. 

Debita Regis dc eodem ITonore a tempore Galfridi de Valeinis per 
breve Johannis Mcddurti et Willelmi filii Martini et Re- 
script am Willelmi de Vcsci. 

Michaelis de Furneis debet xx.li. de firma terra suae per plegiuni 
Ricardi Pincerna? de x. marcis, et Hugonis Norman de c.s. et 
Ricardi de Winequic de c.s. 

Albertus Buissel debet xviii. marcas et dimidiam. Adam de 
Munbegun debet lxxv. marcas. Robertas lilius Willelmi debet 
xxxv. marcas pro pace Regis habenda per plegium Willelmi de 
Lancastra de v. marcis, et Gospatri filii Orm de v. marcis, et 
Willelmi de Vcsci de x. marcis, et Michaelis de Furnes de v. 
marcis, et Rogeri filii Rauenkil de v. marcis, et Adse lilii Helye de 
v. marcis. 

De Placitis Alani de Ncvilla. 

Totus Comitatus de Lancastra debet cc. marcas ut visus forcstoo 
poneretur in respectum usque ad aliam reguardam forests. 

Ricardus dc Winequic debet xl. marcas pro Catallis Willelmi 
de Ncvilla qua; ipse ce])it su]>er prohibitionem Regis et hoc non 
ncgavit in placito coram Justiciariis Regis. 

liicardus de Morevilla debet cc. marcas pro recto habendo de 
terra quam clamat cum filia Willelmi de Lancastra. 

Eremmeseira. 

Ricardus de Rue debet xxvij.s. et xj.d. pro festinando jure suo 
contra Michael em de Furneis. 

De riacitk Alani dc Ncvilla Junioris et Willelmi Basset. 

Abbas de Furneis reddit Compotum de ij. marcis pro fine duelli. 
In th'ro lib. Et Quietus est. 



ROLL OF 17 HENRY II. (1170-1171). 21 

NOTES ON THE PIPE ROLL OF 17 HENRY II. (MICH. 1170-MICH. 1171). 

The Sheriff first accounts for the sum of £10 which remained 
due from the previous year. He had paid it by authority of the 
King's writ to two officials of the Crown : Eobert Poer, afterwards 
the King's Marshal, and one Madihus, to whom a further sum of 
£66 had been paid under the King's direction out of the current 
year's ferm, doubtless in connection with the expenses of the Irish 
expedition. A further sum of £14 lis. has been expended upon 
the construction of two wooden towers to be dispatched into 
Ireland for siege purposes. The King sailed for Ireland from 
Milford Haven on October 16th, 1171, and the Pipe Eolls contain 
numerous references to the dispatch of stores, ships, and the 
Treasury for the army in Ireland. 

The King had granted nine librates of land, being the Manor 
of Stainsby in the Hundred of Scarsdale, co. Derby, before Michael- 
mas, 1170, to William fitz Walkeline, for one niais hawk yearly. 
This grant was afterwards confirmed by King Henry in December, 
1174, when he was at Chivilli (Chevaillec). Stainsby was part of 
the Domesday fief of Eoger of Poictou. 

The Sheriff also claims allowance for four librates and six- 
teen solidates of land in Drakelow, held by serjeanty. This is a 
reference to an antecedent grant for which he had previously 
neglected to claim allowance. Nigel de Gresley was the Domesday 
tenant, and his estates had been taken into the King's hands after 
the rebellion of Eoger of Belesme, in 1102-3. Drakelow was 
afterwards restored to him, not as a military fief however, but to 
be held as a petit serjeanty, by the yearly render of a bow without 
string, a quiver, twelve arrows and a wooden chest, and at the 
date of this roll was held by Eobert de Gresley, grandson of Nigel. 
In the Domesday Survey under Derbyshire, he is called Nigel de 
Statford, and is returned as a tenant in capite of Drakelow. In 
the Staffordshire Survey, he is described as " Nigellus," being also 
returned as a tenant in capite of Thorpe (postea Thorpe Con- 
stantine), this being accounted for by the fact, that Eoger of Poictou's 
fief, (of which it was a member), had been temporarily taken 
into the King's hands at the time of the Survey ; but Thorpe was 
never restored, and there is no trace of the Gresleys having after- 
wards held any interest in it, although it continued to remain as 
parcel of the Honor of Lancaster. The Survey, however, has the 
following entry respecting Thorpe : " Hanc terram calumniatur 
Nicolaus (de Beauchamp, the lord of Chartley and Sheriff of co. 



22 THE LANCASHIRE PIPE ROLLS. 

Stafford) ad firuum Regis de Clifton " : Clifton being a King's 
Manor adjacent to Thorpe. The claim may have been based on 
orders to the Sheriff to take the lands of Roger of Poictou into 
the King's hands, and the local jury may have misunderstood the 
grounds of the claim. 

Under Yorkshire an entry occurs, which shows that the Abbot 
of Furnes3 had been in possession of some land to which his title 
was disputed. He had been impleaded, and had elected to defend 
the suit by duel. 1 



MAG. ROT. PIP., 18 HENRY II. (1171-1172). 

(Roll No. 18. ra. 9, in dorso.) 

Evcrwichscira. 
Lancastra. 

Rogerus de Herleberga reddit Compotum de cali. numero de 
Firma de Lancastra. In thesauro clxxj.li. et xiij.s. numero. 

Et in Terris Datis Willelmo de Valeinis x.li. numero in Cule- 
forda. Et debet xviij.li. et vj.s. De quibus xiij.li. et xvj.s. re- 
manent super Willelmum filiuin Walkelini et super Nigellum 
de Greselea de hoc anno. Et de anno pneterito xiij.li. et xvj.s., 
qui renianserunt super eosdem. 

Idem reddit Compotum de lxviij.li. et xvj.s. et v.d. de Scutagio 
Militum Honoris de Lancastra de exercitu Hiberniae de his quos 

1 The form of action by which land could be recoYcred in the twelfth century, 
where there was no contract between the parties, or special relationship, as in the 
case of a widow's uction for dower, or of an advowson, was as follows : — The plaintiff 
either sent a writ of right (breve de recto tenendo) to the lord of whom the disputed 
land was held, bidding him do justice between them, or else served the tenant with 
a Prcecipe quod reddat % summoning him at once into the King's Court. If the 
plaintiff was doubtful of obtaining justice in the Lord's Court, the action could be 
carried into the County Court, or from thence into the Curia Regis. But a price 
had to be paid for licence to take action, hence the above entry. The procedure 
was very slow, and the action might remain in suspense for months, or even years. 
Ample opportunity of appearing and producing evidence was given, and an 
obstructive defendant might gain time by an essoin, pleading that he was ill in bed 
(essonia de malo lecli), or that he was stopped by floods or snow (essonia de malo 
veniendi). The tenant must be allowed to call to warranty the person by whose 
grant he claimed to hold, and he in turn might call in his warrantor. Hence long 
delajs, albeit that in the end this action decided the question of best right once 
aud for ever. 

At this date proceedings by wager of battle were still in force, and when the 
defendant happened to have a good champion, he frequently elected to defend the 
suit by duel, rather than avail himself of the decision of the Courts. 



ROLL OF 18 HENRY II. (1171-1172). 23 

invenire potuit. In thesauro lj.li. et xvj.s. et v.d. Et in perdonis 
per breve Regis Eandulfo de Glanvilla xx.s. Et debet xvj.li. 

Ucthredus de Schingelton reddit Compotum de xviij. marcis et 
dimidia de Auxilio ad Maritandam Filiara Regis. Et Adam Alius 
Bernulfi [reddit Compotum] de x.li. de eodem auxilio. Et Orm de 
Heddoch [reddit Compotum] de iiij.li. de eodem auxilio. In Per- 
donis per breve Eegis Ipsi Uchtredo xviij. marcae et dimidia. Et 
Ipsi Adae x.li. Et Ipsi Orm de Heddoch iiij.li., pro paupertate 
eorum et quia reddiderant in thesauro quum administrati fuerant. 

Et Quieti sunt. 

Idem Rogerus reddit Compotum de c. et xij.s. et viij.d. de Com- 
muni Assisa Comitatus de Lancastra. In thesauro lxv.s. et viij.d. 
Et debet xlvij.s. 

Michaelis de Furneis debet xx.li. de veteri firma terra? sure, per 
plegium Ricardi Pincernae de x. marcis et Hugonis Norman de c.s. 
- • et Ricardi de Winequic de c.s. 

Albertus Buissel reddit Compotum de xij.li. et vj.s. et viij.d. 
In thesauro liberavit. Et Quietus Est. 

Adam de Munbegon reddit Compotum de lxxv. marcis. In 
perdonis per breve Ricardi de Luci per breve Regis Johanni 
^ Malherbe l.li. Et Quietus est. 

Robertus filius Willelmi reddit Compotum de xxxv. marcis pro 
pace Regis habenda, per plegium Willelmi de Lancastra de v. 
marcis, et Gospatri filii Orm de v. marcis, et Willelmi de Vesci 
de x. marcis, et Michaelis de Furnes de v. marcis, Et Rogeii filii 
Ravenkil de v. marcis et Adae filii Helie de v. marcis. In thesauro 
xiiij.li. et xiij.s. et iiij.d. Et in Donis per breve Regis Rogero 
Raconi et Henrico Pienu xl.s. Et debet vj.li et xiij.s. et iiij.d., qui 
debent requiri de Willelmo de Vesci. 

De Placitis Alani de Nevilla. 

Totus Comitatus de Lancastra reddit Compotum de cc. marcis 
ut visus Forestae poneretur in respectum usque ad aliam reguardam 
Forestae. In thesauro xxviij.li. etx.s. et x.d. Et debet c. et iiij.li. 
et xv.8. et x.d. 

Ricardus de Winequic reddit Compotum de xl. marcis pro 
Catallis Willelmi de Nevilla quae ipse cepit super prohibitionem 
Regis et hoc non negavit. In thesauro liberavit. 

Et Quietus est. 

Ricardus de Morevilla reddit Compotum de cc. marcis pro recto 



24 THE LANCASHIRE PIPE ROLLS. 

habendo de terra quam clamat cum filia Willelmi de Lancastra, 
Ill thesauro quater xx. marcae. Et debet c. et xx. marcas. 

Ucthredus filius Hucce debet ij. marcas quas acceperat de Pas- 



nagio. 



Evcrwichscira. 



Nova Placita et Novce Conventiones De Scutagio Militum, qui nee 
abicrunt In Hybcrnia nee milites nee denarios illue miserunt. 

Henricus de Laci r.c. de xliij.li. et xv.s. de Scutagio Militum de 
veteri feoffamento. In thesauro xxxviij.li. Et debet c. et xv.s. 
Idem debet xxxj.li. et xvj.d. de Novo feoffamento. 



NOTES ON THE PIPE ROLL OF 18 HENRY II. (MICH. 1171-MICH. 1172). 

As in the account of the previous year's ferm, the Sheriff treats 
the thirteen librates and sixteen solidates of land granted out of 
the royal estate, as a debt due from the grantees, and awaits the 
royal confirmation of the grant before claiming allowance for this 
reduction in the ferm of the honor. 

This year a Scutage of 20s. on each knight's fee was levied for 
the war in Ireland. The Sheriff answers for £68 16*. 5d. for the 
scutage of sixty-eight fees, a half, a quarter, and the fourteenth 
part of a knight's fee, of those held of the Honor of Lancaster, 
which he had been able to find. He paid into the Exchequer 
the sum due from fifty one knights' fees, a half, a quarter, and 
the fourteenth part of a knight's fee. Ranulf de Glanvill, the 
Justiciar, vas excused his quota from one knight's fee in Thorpe 
Bussel, co. Suffolk, which Albert (?) Bussel had given to Gutha 
(Edith ?), sister of the said Eanulph, in dower. It descended to 
Ranulf de Glanvill's daughter Amabil, who married Ralph de 
Ardern, who afterwards enfeoffed Roger de Muriell in this fee. 
It had been part of the Domesday fief of Roger of Poictou. The 
Sheriff had still to account for the quota due from sixteen fees. 

The King excuses Ughtred de Singleton, Adam son of Bernulf, 
and Orm de Haydock, the arrears due from them for the aid pur 
filh maricr, which had been carried over yearly since 1169, on 
account of their poverty and because they had paid into the 
Exchequer what they could, when they were in charge of the 
collection of the aid. 

Several payments have been recently made on account of 
arrears previously noted. The reference to Adam de Montbegon's 
debt of 75 marks, which was apparently excused by Richard de 



ROLL OF 21 HENRY II. (1174-1175). 25 

Lucy's writ, is not very intelligible, except on the supposition that 
this sum had been paid to John Malherbe by the authority of the 
King's writ, and that the Sheriffs responsibility in the matter had 
thereby terminated. 

Robert, son of William, had liquidated 25 marks of his arrears 
by a payment of 22 marks to the Exchequer and 3 marks by the 
King's authority paid to Roger Bacon and Henry Pienu. The 
balance, 10 marks, was to be recovered from William de Vesci, the 
recently suspended Sheriff of the honor. 

Ughtred, son of Huck, whom I take to be the same individual 
previously described as Ughtred de Singleton, owes 2 marks which 
he had charged for the pannage of swine of the tenants in Single- 
ton. 

Under Yorkshire an entry discloses the number of knights' 
fee3 held by Henry de Lacy of his fee of Pontefract, and upon 
which his Scutage in lieu of knight's service in the campaign in 
Ireland was assessed. He had forty- four and three-quarter fees 
"de veteri feoflfamento " and thirty-one fees and the fifteenth part 
of a fee " de novo feoflfamento." The essence of the King's enquiry 
in 1166 as to knight's service lay in the fact that although the 
crown knew the amount of service due from each fief, as it had 
existed for a long period before 1166, it did not know the number 
of milites actually enfeoffed by each baron and his predecessors 
down to that date, with the number of servitia due from each such 
miles to the baron. As a result of the return of 1166, there was 
a large increase in the incidence of scutage ; in the case of Henry 
de Lacy's Yorkshire fief amounting to nearly 70 per cent. 



MAG. ROT. PIP, 21 HENRY II. (1174-1175). 

(Roll No. 21. m, 2.) 

Lancastra de tribus annis. 

Rogerus de Herleberga reddit Compotum de iiij.li. et x.s. de 
veteri tirma de Lancastra de tercio anno. Et de xiij.li. et xvj.s. de 
eadem firma, qua3 remanserunt super Willelmum filiuin Walkeline 
et Nigellum de Greseleia de tercio anno. Et de xiij.li. et xvj.s. de 
veteri firma quarti anni quie remanserunt super eosdem. Summa 
xxxij.li. et ij.s. In thesauro Nichil. 

Et in terris datis Willelmo filio Walkeline xxij.li. et x.s. in 
Steinbia de duobus annis. et dimidio per breve Regis, quas idem 



2G THE LANCASHIRE PIPE ROLLS. 

Kogerus attulit de computandis sibi omnibus terris quas Rex 
dederat. Et Nigello de Greseleia ix.li. et xij.s. de duobus amiis 
per idem breve. Et Quietus est. 

Et Idem [Kogerus reddit Compotum] de quater xx.li. de firma 
tercii anni de termino Paschae. In thesauro lxviij.li. et ij.s. 

Et in terris datis Willelmo de Valeiniis c.s. in Culfo de dimidio 
anno. Et Willelmo filio Walkelini iiij.li. et x.s. de dimidio anno 
in Steinbia. Et Nigello de Greseleia xlviij.s. de dimidio anno in 
Drakelawa. Et Quietus est. 

Rannulfus de Glanuilla reddit Compotum de c. et xx.li de firma 
tercii anni de dimidio anno, de termino Sancti Michaelis. Et de 
quater xx.li. de firma anni praeteriti de termino Paschae. Surama 
cc.li. numero. In thesauro Nichil. 

Et in terris datis Willelmo de Valoniis x.li. in Culfo. Et 
Willelmo filio Walkeline ix.li. in Steinbia. Et Nigello de Grese- 
leia iiij.li. et xvj.s. in Drakelawa. Et Stephano de Saucheuilla x.li. 
[pro terris] quas habet hoc anno in Mendhama. Et in Defalta 
per werram Legrecestriaj et Hamonis de Masci xlv.li. et xiij.s. et 
X.& 1 per breve Regis. 

Et debet c. et xx.li. et xiij.s. et ij.d. 

Idem Rannulfus et Radulfus filius Bernardi reddunt Compotum 
de c. et xx.li de firma ejusdem anni pneteriti de termino Sancti 
Michaelis. In thesauro xxxix.li et xij.d. per manum Radulfi. 

Et in terris datis quae supra annotantur communiter eis compu- 
tatis xvj.li et xviij.s. Et in defalta per predictam werram com- 
putatam ipsi Radulfo xij.li et x.s. per breve Regis. Et debet li.li 
et xj.s. de quibus xxxviij.li et xv.s. et viij.d. sunt super Rannulfum 
de Glanuillam quos ipse recepit in denariis. Et xij.li. et xv.s. et 
iiij.d. sunt in respectu super utrosque quousque inquisitio facta 
fuerit quantum quisque cepit de termino alterius. 

Idem llannulfus debet x.li. quas recepit de Michaeli de Fumeis 
de debito quod debebat Regi 

Idem Rannulfus debet xij.li et iij.d. 2 de Prisis et perquisitioni- 
bus et tallagiis Maneriorum ejusdem honoris de tempore werrae : 
scilicet de Nauenebia terra Camararii de Tankeruilla de firma 
lxiiij.s. Et de firma de Walengeur quam Eustatius Cade tenuit 
xviij.s. et viij.d. Et de Tallagio facto per Willelmum Basset de 
Nauenebia iiij.li. et x.s. Et de Tallagio facto per eundem Willel- 
mum de Walengeur xxvij.s. et iiij.d. Et xiij.s. et iij.d. de Blado 

1 Sic, for xlv.li. et x.s. et x.d. 2 Sic, for iiij.d. 



ROLL OF 21 IIENRY II. (1172-1175). 27 

de Walengeur vendito et xxj.s. de prseda capta in terra Hamonis 
de Masci. 

Summa tocius superioris debiti Rannulfi de Glanuilla tarn de 
firma Lancastrise quam de aliis rebus supra annotates c. et quater 
xx.li. et xxix.s. et ij.d. 

Kadulfus filius Bernardi reddit Compotura de ccli. de firma 
ejusdeni honoris de hoc anno. In thesauro c. et lxvj.li. et iiij.s. 

Et in terris datis Willelmo Valoniis x.li. in Culfo. Et Willelmo 
filio Walkeline ix.li. in Steinnebia. Et Nigello de Greseleia iiij.lL 
et xvj.s. in Drakelawe. Et Stephano de Saucheuilla x.li. quas 
habet hoc anno in Mendhama. Et Quietus est. 

Idem [Kadulfus] debet xlvij.s. de Communi assisa de Lancastra. 

Michaelis de Furneis reddit Compotuin de xx.li. de veteri firma 
terrae siue. In thesauro x.li. 

Et Kannulfo de Glanuilla x.li. de quibus idem Rannulfus 
debet reddere Compotum. Et Quietus est. 

Willelmus de Vesci debet vj.li. et xiij.s. et iiij.d. de plegiis 
Roberti filii Willelmi qui debunt requiri in Euerwickscire. 

De Placitis Alani de NecUL 

Idem Kadulfus [filius Bernardi] reddit Compotum de c. et 
iiij.li. et xv.s. et x.d. de Comitatu de Lancastria ut visus forest ic 
poneretur in respectum usque ad aliam Keguardam. In thesauro 
xxx.li. per manum ipsius Kadulfi. Et debet lxxiiij.li. et xv.s. 
et x.d. 

Idem Comitatus debet quater xx. et xiij.li. et xiij.s. et iiij.d. de 
wastis et essartis et placitis Forestse per Alanum de Nevill et 
Robertum Mantel et Willelraum filium Kadulfi. 

Kicardus de Moreuilla reddit Compotum de c. et quater xx. 
marcis pro recto habendo de terra quam clainat cum filia Willelmi 
de Lancastria. In thesauro liberavit. Et Quietus est. 

Uctredus filius Ucke debet ij. marcas, quas recuperavit de 
Pasna<?io. 



NOTES ON THE PIPE ROLL OF 21 HENRY 11. (MICH. 1172-MICH. 1175). 

The accounts of the ferm of the Honor of Lancaster for the 
two years ending at Michaelmas, 1174, were not returned by the 
Sheriff until Michaelmas, 1175, no doubt owing to the rebellion of 
that portion of the baronage, which, as Professor Stubbs remarks, 
" inherited the traditions of the Conquest and the ancient Norman 
spirit," and had been awaiting a suitable opportunity to rebel 



28 THE LANCASHIRE PIPE ROLLS. 

against King Henry, on account of his progressive measures for 
the curtailment of feudal power. 

Koger de Herleberg quitted office at Easter, 1173, and at 
Michaelmas, 1175, he rendered hi3 account of arrears : for the year 
1170, £4 10s. ; for the year 1171, £13 16s., and for the year 1172, 
£13 16s. ; total arrears £32 2s. The Sheriff had continued to 
charge himself with the ferm of Stainsby for 2£ years past, 
although the King had given it to William fitz Walkeline at 
Easter, 1170, and for the ferm of Drakelow for two years past, 
which had been given as a petit serjeanty by King Henry I 
to Nigel de Gresley, and was now held by the grandson of Nigel 
(see page 21). This was a matter of old account, which the 
Sheriff had overlooked and neglected to claim allowance for. At 
Michaelmas, 1172, he had received the King's writ authorising the 
allowance of these sums. Afterwards they appear yearly in the 
account known as the Corpus Comitatus. 

So far his account had dealt with the ferm of the honor to 
Michaelmas, 1172. He therefore rendered his account for the 
ensuing half-year ending at Easter, 1173, when he quitted office, 
and was thereupon quit. 

Kanulf de Glanvill entered office at Easter, 1173, and held 
office during a year of great turmoil. In July the Justiciar, 
Richard de Lucy, upon whom devolved the defence of the country 
in the King's absence, besieged and took Leicester, but failed to 
take the castle which was held by the officers of Hugh Bigod, Earl 
of Norfolk, one of the leaders of the rebellion. In rendering his 
account for the year, Kanulf Glanvill was unable to pay anything 
to the Treasury, but is excused by the King's writ the sum of 
£45 13s. lOd. (should be £45 10s. 10tf.), which was not forth- 
coming on account of the war at Leicester, and by default of 
Hamon de Mascy, one of the Earl of Chester's barons, who was on 
the side of the rebels. He owed £120 13s. 2d. upon balance for 
the ferm of the honor. 

The next year, 1174, Kanulf Glanvill took an active part in 
defeating and taking captive the King of Scots at Alnwick. 
Some time during the half-year ending at Michaelmas, he was 
succeeded in office by Kalph fitz Bernard ; they were consequently 
associated in rendering an account of the sum of £120 due at that 
term. The sum of £16 18s. was allowed to them jointly on 
account of the royal grants ; £12 10s. was allowed to Kalph fitz 
Bernard on account of deficiency in the ferm by reason of the said 



ROLL OF 21 HENRY II. (1172-1175). 29 

war ; £39 Is. had been paid by him to the Treasury, and of the 
balance, — £51 lis., the sum of £38 15s. 8d. remained due from 
Eanulf Glanvill, which lie had collected in pence (the general 
name of the issues of the honor), and £12 15s. 4d. remained due 
jointly, pending an enquiry as to the apportionment of the sums 
which the one had collected during the others term of office. 

During his term of office Ranulf Glanvill had received from 
Michael de Furness, the moiety of the debt due from him to the 
King, which has already been referred to ; and certain issues of 
lands which had been taken into the King's hands, perquisites of 
courts and taxes of manors parcel of the honor, belonging to the 
period of the war, amounting to the sum of £12 Os. 4d., of which 
details are given, viz. : — 

£3 4s., the ferm of Navenby, which had been the Chamber- 
lain of TancarviH'8 land. 

18s. 8d., the ferm of Wellingore, which Eustace Cade held. 

£4 10s. for tallage assessed upon Navenby by William 
Basset. 

£1 7s. 4d. for tallage assessed upon Wellingore by the same. 

13s. 3d. for grain sold in Wellingore. 

£1 Is. for booty seized in Hamon de Mascy's land. 

William de Tancarvill was the son of Eabel de Tancarvill, 
Chamberlain of Normandy, and according to Benedictus (Vol. I., 
p. 45) he was one of Prince Henry's partisans in the rebellion of 
1173. 

Eustace Cade also appears to have taken part in the rebellion 
against the King, and so to have forfeited his lands in Wellingore 
and Navenby. 

In 1163-4 the King had granted to Eustace, son of William 
Cade, ten librates of land in Navenby, formerly part of Durand 
Malet's Domesday fief, which having escheated to the crown, had 
been incorporated in the Honor of Lancaster of Henry I. Eustace 
Cade had enfeoffed William de Tancarvill in a part of the estate 
lying in Navenby. After this forfeiture the King used to receive 
£13 yearly from Navenby. 

The whole of Eanulf GlanvilPs indebtedness amounted to 
£181 9s. 2d. The King afterwards excused him the whole sura. 
The ferm of the honor for the current year ending at Michaelmas, 
1175, remained to be accounted for by the new Sheriff, Kalph 
litz Bernard. Upon the termination of the rebellion and the 



30 THE LANCASHIRE PIPE ROLLS. 

restoration of order, it became possible for the Sheriff to collect 
the ferm of the honor, and he was able to pay the whole balance 
into the Treasury, after claiming allowance for £23 16s. reduction 
of the ferm by the royal grants previously noted, and a further 
reduction of £10 on account of ten librates of land granted to 
Stephen de Saukevill in Mendham, County Suffolk. This had 
been part of the Domesday fief of Roger of Poictou. Afterwards 
Roger de Huntingfield held Mendham for one fee by knight's service. 

It is noteworthy, in reference to the rebellion of the years 
1173-4, that King Henry's success was chiefly due to the manner 
in which the people, and notably those of Yorkshire, supported his 
cause, testifying to the constitutional hold which the King had on 
the body of the nation. 

The King's clemency was remarkable. He did not take re- 
venge upon his enemies by executions or wholesale confiscations, 
but converted his enemies to friendship by his mercy. As an 
example, the Staffordshire Pipe Roll for the current year shows 
that Hamon de Mascy obtained the King's pardon and goodwill 
and recovered his estate, by paying a fine of 300 marks, 10 hounds, 
and 10 hawks. 

Only one of the remaining entries requires notice, the others 
having already been under observation. In the notes upon the 
Pipe Roll for the year 1169-70, it was seen that no View of the 
Forests had been lately held in the County of Lancaster, and that 
the county had escaped the consequences of the holding of Forest 
Pleas by a composition of 200 marks. Since then, however, Pleas 
of the Forest had been held by Alan de Nevill, the Forest Justice, 
and his associates, Robert Mantel and William fitz Ralph, who had 
imposed fines amounting to £93 135. 4 d., for waste committed 
within the forests in the cutting down of timber or underwood, 
and for assarts. 1 



MAG. ROT. PIP., 22 HENRY II. (1175-1176). 
(Roll No. 22. m. 6, in dor so.) 
Zancastra. 
Randulfus de Glanuilla debet lj.li. et xj.s. de veteri flrma 
honoris de Lancastra de anno pn©terito de quibus inquisitio facta 2 
erat facienda. In thesauro [nichil], 

1 Waste of the forest consisted in cutting down trees or underwood which 
might grow again ; assart was plucking them up by the roots to make arable, 
me:i(low, or posture land, and so destroying them for ever. 

2 Underliued for cancellation. 



KOLL OF 22 HENRY II. (1175-1176). 31 

Radulfus filius Bernardi reddit Compotum de ccli. de firma 
ejusdem honoris de hoc anno. In thesauro c. et lxj.li. et iiij.s. 

Et in terris datis Willelmo de Valoniis x.li. in Culfo. Et 
Willelmo filio Walkeline ix.li. in Stainisbia. Et Nigello de 
Greselea iiij.li. et xvj.s. in Drakelawa. Et Stephano de Saukevilla 
x.li. quas habuit hoc anno in Mendham. Et Engelramo Portario 
et Rogero de Sancto Albino c.s. in Crokeston de quarta parte anni 
per breve Regis. Et Quietus est. 

Idem Radulfus reddit Compotum de vij.s. de firma de Mertona 
terra exeacta de feodo Peverelli de hoc anno. In thesauro liberavit. 

Et Quietus est. 

Idem [Radulfus] reddit Compotum de xlvij.s. de Communi 
assisa Comitatus de Lancastrian In thesauro liberavit. 

Et Quietus est. 

Willelmus de Vesci reddit Compotum de vj.li. et xiij.s. et iiij.d. 
pro plegiis Roberti filii Willelmi. In thesauro lxvj.s. et viij.d. 
Et debet lxvj.s. et viij.d., qui debent requiri in Euerwickscira. 

De Placitis Alani de Ncvill. 

Idem Radulfus reddit Compotum de lxxiiij.li. et xv.s. et x.d. de 
Comitatu de Lancastriae ut Reguarda Forestee ponatur in respect- 
urn usque ad aliam reguardam. In thesauro lxxj.li. et x.d. Et 
debet lxxv.s. 

Idem reddit Compotum de quater xx. et xiij.li. et xiij.s. et iiij.d. 
de Wastis et Essartis et Placitis Forestae per Alanum de Nevill 
et Robertum Mantell et Willelmum filium Radulfi. In thesauro 
liberavit. Et Quietus est. 

Huchtredus filius Ucke reddit Compotum de ij. marcis quas 
receperat de Pasnagio. In thesauro liberavit. Et Quietus est. 

Ricardus filius Rogeri reddit Compotum de v. marcis ut 
Justiciarii inquirant veritatem de Karkebi, quam tenet de Con- 
stabulario Cestriae. In thesauro liberavit. Et Quietus est. 

Walterus Barate de Preston reddit Compotum de iiij. marcis 
quia defecerat de appellatione sua coram Justiciariis. In thesauro 
liberavit. Et Quietus est. 

Gilbertus filius Waldevii reddit Compotum de cccc.li. ut Rex 
remittat ei utlagariam. In thesauro Hi. Et debet cccl.li. 

Huchtredus filius Ucke reddit Compotum de v. marcis pro 
habenda warantisatione Regis de dono Gaufridi de Valoigniis. 
In thesauro ij. marca3 et dimidia. Et debet ij. marcas et 
dimidiam. 



32 THE LANCASHIRE PIPE ROLLS. 

Idem Huchtredus reddit Coinpotum de c.s. ut possit dare aliam 
filiam Roberti filii Renuardi. In thesauro l.s. Et debet 1.8. 

Randulfus de Glanuilla debet c. et xx.li. et xiij.s. et ij.d. de 
veteri firma ejusdem honoris. 

Idem debet x.li. quas recepit de Michaeli de Furneis de debito 
quod debebat Regi. 

Idem debet xij.li. et iiij.d. de prisis et perquisitionibus et talla- 
giis Maneriorum ejusdem honoris de tempore werrae, quorum 
particular annotantur in Rotulo xxj. mo . 

[Under Yorkshire, in a list of amerciaments for pleas heard befwe 
the Justices in Eyre. m. 8, dorso.] 

Tomas de Cliderhou reddit Compotum de xl.s. pro assisa 
infracta. In thesauro xx.s. Et debet xx.s. 



NOTES ON THE PIPE ROLL OF 22 HENRY II. (MICH. 1175-MICH. 1176). 

The only new item in the account of the ferm of the county, 
is the grant of twenty librates of land in Croxton Keyrial, in 
Leicestershire to Engeran le Porter and Eoger de St. Aubin about 
the end of June, 1176. King Henry made this giant of two parts 
of Croxton and of Sedgebrook, in exchange lor Corsham and 
Conington. 

It is evident from the date of this grant, that William, Earl of 
Boulogne, was the founder of the Abbey of Premonstratensian 
Canons at Croxton, and that William le Porter, son of the above 
grantee, was not the founder as stated by Tanner, and repeated 
by Dugdale on his authority, but only a very substantial benefac- 
tor at a later period. Margery de St. Aubin and Wymer (?) her 
son were also benefactors. See Dugdale's Monasticon, Vol. VI., 
p. 376-7 ; where there is an account of this manor, erroneously 
described as of the Honor of Eye, through various possessors, 
— Hubert de Burgh among others — until King John's grant to 
Bertram de Kyriall, who probably gave the township its distinctive 
name. 

Richard, son of Roger, lord of Lytham and Bryning, held one- 
fourth part of a knight's fee in Argar Meles of the fief of Penwor- 
tham. Appurtenant to this fee were Simonswood and Kirkby, 
which had been afforested and put within fence after the corona- 
tion of King Henry. Richard, son of Roger, offered the sum of 
5 marks that the Justiciars might be directed to enquire the 
truth concerning the said Richard's estate in Kirkby. It had been 
taken into the King's hands, because he had married his daughter 



ROLL OF 22 HENRY II. (1175-1170). 33 

Matilda to Robert de Stockport, without the King's licence. The 
result of the enquiry is recorded hereafter in the roll of 20 Henry IL 

Walter Barat of Preston discharged a debt of 4 marks which 
he had incurred in withdrawing from his appeal before the 
Justices. An appeal — literally the calling someone before the 
Justices — might be of various kinds, as of homicide, of wounding, 
of imprisonment, of robbery, of arson, or of larceny. The appellor 
or accuser could not withdraw at his own will ; it was the privilege 
of the King to dispense justice, and anyone wishing to withdraw 
must fine with the King or his representatives, the Justices, for 
permission to do so. 

Gilbert, son of Waltheof, had been outlawed. The reason is 
not disclosed, but the rebellion of 1173-4 offers sufficient grounds, 
in the absence of any other evidence, for the supposition that he 
had taken part against the King with the rebellious barons. The 
magnitude of the fine which he offered for remission of sentence 
of outlawry, and restitution of his office and lands, is explained 
by the fact that he held by inheritance the office of Master Sergeant 
of the Wapentake of West Derby, and lands in Walton, Waver- 
tree, and Newsham by grand serjeanty, conferred upon his father 
Waltheof, by William, Count of Boulogne, Mortain, and Warren. 
Henry de Walton afterwards obtained from King John a confir- 
mation of the said lands and office, previously confirmed to his 
father Gilbert, son of Waltheof, when John was Count of Mortain 
and Boulogne. He also obtained the restitution of an estate at 
Chesterton in co. Stafford, given by King Henry to the said 
Waltheof circa 1155-1157, which Gilbert de Walton had forfeited 
about this time (Pipe Roll 1 John). 

A similar instance of a heavy fine occurs in the Westmorland 
Pipe Roll of 22 Henry II., when Gospatric, son of Orm, paid a fine 
of 500 marks for having surrendered Appleby Castle to William 
the Lion, King of Scotland, during the Scotch invasion of 1174. 

Ughtred, son of Huck, ancestor of the family of Singleton, held 
one carucate of land in Broughton by grant from William, Count 
of Boulogne, Mortain, and Warren. He is here recorded as offering 
5 marks for the King's warranty of land given to him by Geoffrey 
de Valoines. It may be, therefore, that William de Warren's 
charter was merely confirmatory of Geoffrey's grant. There is, 
however, in this entry some confirmation of the supposition that 
Geoffrey de Valoines had been Earl Warren's Seneschal, and that 
the " debita Regis " previously referred to (page 15) were actually 



34 TIIE LANCASHIRE PIPE ROLLS. 

arrears, which had remained unpaid from the time when Earl 
Warren was lord of the Honor of Lancaster. 

This Ughtred is sometimes called Ughtred de Singleton, and 
it is probable that he had a grant of half a carucate of land in 
Singleton, from William, Count of Boulogne, to hold by grand 
serjeanty of the Wapentake of Amounderness, which office and 
land certainly descended by inheritance to his grandson, Alan de 
Singleton, who died circa 29 Henry III. He offered 100s. that 
he might have the marriage of another daughter of Eobert, son of 
Eeinward, whose heirs were in ward to the King. This Eobert, 
son of Eeinward, was a nephew of Eichard (fitz Warin) Bussel, and 
was one of the witnesses to the latter's grant to the monks of 
Evesham, of a fouith part of his fishing of Penwortham. 



MAG. EOT. PIP, 23 HENEICI II. (1176-1177). 

(Eoll No. 23. m. 5, dorso.) 

Norhwmberland. 

Lancastra. 

Eadulfus Alius Bernardi reddit Compotum de cali. de firma 
ejusdem Honoris. In thesauro c. et xlvj.li. et iiij.s. Et in terris 
datis Willelmo de Valeinis x.li. in Culfo. Et Willelmo filio 
Walkeline ix.li. in Stainisbeia. Et Nigello de Greselea iiij.li. et 
xvj.s. in Drakelawa. Et Stephano de Saukeuilla x.li. in Mend- 
haina. Et Engehano Portario et Eogero de Sancto Albino xx.li. 
in Crokeston. Et Quietus est. 

Eandulfus de Glanuilla reddit Compotum de li.li. et xj.s. de 
veteri firma ejusdem Honoris de tercio anno. Et de c. et xx.li. et 
xiij.s. et ij.d, de anno prseterito. Et de x.li. quas habuit de 
Michaele de Furneis. Et de xij.li. et iiij.d. de perquisicionibus et 
tallagiis ejusdem honoris. Summa c. et quater xx. et xiiij.li. et 
iiij.s. et vj.d. In perdonis per breve Eegis ipsi Eandulfo c. et 
quater xx. et xiiij.li. et iiij.s. et vj.d. . Et Quietus est. 

Idem Eadulfus [Alius Bernardi] reddit Compotum de vj.s. et 
ix.d. de firma de Mereton terra exeacta de hoc anno. In thesauro 
liberavit. Et Quietus est. 

Willelmus de Vesci debet lxvj.s. et viij.d. pro plegio Eoberti 
filii Willelmi. Sed summoniendus est in Euerwickscire. 1 

1 (Under Yorkshire, m. 6. Chancellor's Antegraph.) 
De Misericordia Rec' proforesta. 

[Willelmus] de Vesci r.c. de cli. pro eodem. In perdonis per bre?e Regis 
Ipsi Willelmo cli.— E. Q. E. 



ROLL OF 23 HENRY II. (1176-1177). 35 

Idem Eadulfus reddit Conipotum de lxxv.s. de Comitatu de 
Lancastra de niisericordia. In thesauro liberavit. 

Et Quietus est. 

Gilbertus Alius Waldeuii reddit Compotum de ccc. et l.li. ut 
Eex remittat ei utlagariam. In thesauro quater xx.li Et debet 
cc. et lxx.li. 

Huctliredus filius Vkke reddit Compotum de ij. marcis et 
dimidia pro habeuda Warantisia Eegis de dono Gaufridi de 
Valoignis. In thesauro liberavit. Et Quietus est 

Idem Huchtredus reddit Compotum de l.s. ut possit dare 1 aliam 
filiam Roberti filii Renuardi. 8 In thesauro liberavit. 

Et Quietus est. 

De Auxilio ottlarum et hominum* ejmdem honoris per Willelmum 
Jilium JRadulfi et Willelmum Basset et Michaelem Belct. 

Idem Radulfu§ reddit Compotum de xxxviij. marcis et iij.s. et 
iiij.d. de Auxilio ejusdem honoris de Lancastra. In thesauro 
xxv.li. et iij.s. et iiij.d. Et debet dimidiam marcam. 

Idem Radulfus reddit Compotum de xvj.li. et x.s. de Auxilio de 
Preston. In thesauro xv.li. et xiij.s. et viij.d. Et debet xvj.s. et 

• • • • i 

mj.d. 

Idem Radulfus reddit Compotum de ij. marcis et dimidia de 
Auxilio de Torp. In thesauro xvij.s. et ix.d. Et debet xv.s. et 
vij.d. 

Idem Radulfus reddit Compotum de lxxij. marcis et dimidia 
de auxilio Teinorum et Drengorum. In thesauro xlvj.li. et vj.s. et 
viij.d. Et debet xl.s. 

Idem Radulfus reddit Compotum de dimidia marca de auxilio 
de Slina. Et de j. marca de Auxilio de Ouerton. Et de x. marcis 
de auxilio de He3t. Et de j. marca de auxilio de Oxicliua. Et de 
j. marca de Auxilio de Pressora. 

Et de xx x.s. de auxilio de Hamelton. Et de dimidia marca 
de auxilio de Steinola. Et de v. marcis de auxilio de Singelton. 
Et de xxxiiij.s. et viij.d. [de auxilio] de Westderbi. Et de ij. 
marcis de auxilio de Hales. 

Et de xxxvj.s. et viij.d. de auxilio de Fornebia. Et de xxxvj.s. 
et viij.d. de Crossebi. Et de j. marca de auxilio de Wauertrea* 
Et de iij. marcis et dimidia de auxilio de Waleton. Et [de] dimidia 
marca [de auxilio] de Tingwella. 

1 " dare in uxorem," Chancellor's Antegraph. J " Reinardi," C. A, 

* " tt hominum " omitted in C. A. 

D 2 



36 THE LANCASHIRE PIPE ROLLS. 

Et de j. marca de auxilio de Iiderlanda. Et de iij. marcis et 
dimidia de auxilio de Niweton. Et de j. marca de auxilio de 
Salford. Et de dimidia marca de auxilio de Burton. Et de ij. 
marcis de auxilio de Ordeshala, 

Et de ij. marcis de auxilio de Snoreswurda. 

Et de dimidia marca de auxilio de Cherleton. 

Et de j. marca de auxilio de Flixton. Et de dimidia marca de 
auxilio de Clifton. Et de ix. marcis de auxilio de Cartmel. 

Summa xxxviij.li. et iiij.s. et viij.d. In thesauro liberavit in 
xxv. tallis. Et Quietus est. 

NOTES ON THE PIPE ROLL OF 23 HENRY II. (MICH. 1176-MICH. 1177). 

Ranulph Glanvill's various debts, amounting to a total sum of 
£194 4a. 6d., are again particularized, and the whole sum pardoned 
by the authority of the King's writ. Doubtless he was able to 
prove that he had been at great expense, in raising the forces 
with which he materially contributed to the defeat and capture 
of William, King of Scots, at Alnwick in July, 1174. 

There had been an escheat of land to the crown before Michael- 
mas, 1175, probably three carucates, in the Manor of Marton. 

At this period the towns of Ashton (near Preston), Great Marton, 
and Blackrod were in the King's hands, as part of the Honor of 
Peverel, which had been taken into the King's hands when William 
Peverel, of Nottingham, forfeited his estates for poisoning Ranulph, 
Earl of Chester. Great Marton, however, descended to the family 
of Ferrers, by the marriage of William Ferrers with Margaret, 
daughter and heir of the said William Peverel, and had recently 
been taken into the King's hands on account of Robert Ferrers' 
participation in the recent rebellion of the Barons. It was 
afterwards included in the grant of Amounderness to Theobald 
Walter by Richard I. in April, 1194. King John, when he wa3 
Count of Mortain, granted Blackrod to Hugh le Norris for his 
homage and service, and the render of 20s. yearly ; and Ashton 
to Arthur, or Arctur de Ashton in free thanage by the service 
of 10s. yearly. 

This year, in anticipation of a great expedition to Normandy, 
King Henry levied an aid (auxilium) or tallage upon his royal 
demesnes and upon the lands held in thanage, drengage, and at 
fee farm. The assessors were William fitz Ralph, William Basset, 
and Michael Belet, of whom the first two were Justiciars, appointed 
by the Statute of Northampton, held there January 26th, 1176, to 



ROLL OF 24 HENRY II. (1177-1178). 37 

go on the circuit of the Counties of Lincoln, Notts., Derby, Stafford, 
Warwick, Northants., and Leicester, together with Hugh de Gun- 
devill. 

The assessment of 38 J marks had been made upon the royal 
demesnes " extra comitatum," and possibly upon lands held at fee 
farm, lying within the Honor in other counties. 

The town of Preston was assessed at £16 10s., a sum which 
points to the importance of the place even at tliis early date. A 
few years later the King made it a free borough. 

Thorpe was a manor lying near Bretherton, and was an escheat 
from the Barony of Penworthani. 

The thanes and drenghs held about one hundred carucates of 
land, yielding about £33 yearly, or one-sixth of the whole ferm of 
the county ; they were assessed at 72£ marks. 

The Boll supplies a full list of the royal demesnes in Lanca- 
shire at this time, which — excluding the town of Preston and the 
escheated manor of Thorp — numbered twenty-five manors with 
their hamlets, having an effective outfit of fifty-eight and a- half 
carucce or plough teams, a breeding stock of cattle to maintain this 
number of teams, and pigs and sheep sufficient to provide subsis- 
tence for the population engaged in tilling the royal estate. The 
Aid was levied at the rate of 1 mark for each caruca. The thanes 
and drenghs apparently contributed to the Aid upon a lower basis 
of assessment. 

The total aid from the Honor amounted to £130 4s. 8d. 



MAG. BOT. PIP., 24 HENBICI II. (1177-1178). 

(Boll No. 24 ra. 3, in dorso.) 
Zancastra. 

Badulfus filius Bernardi reddit Compotum de cdi. de firma 
ejusdem honoris. In thesauro c. et xxxv.li. et v.s. et iiij.d. 
numero. 

Et in terris datis "Willelmo de Valeinis x.li. in Culfho. Et 
Willelmo filio Walkeline ix.li. in Stainesbeia. Et Nigello de 
Greselea iiij.li. et xvj.s. in Drakelawa. Et Stephano de Saukeuilla 
x.li. in Mendhama. Et Engelrano Portario et Bogero de Sancto 
Albino xx.li. in Crokeston. 

Et debet x.li. et xviij.s. et viij.d. 

Idem Badulfus r.c. de x.s. de firma de Mereton. In th'ro lib 

E. Q. E. 



38 THE LANCASHIRE PIPE ROLLS. 

Gilbertus filius Waldeuii r.c. de cc. et lxx.li. ut Rex reinittat ei 
utlagariam. In th'ro quater xx. et ix.li. et xj.s. etijd. Scilicet per 
manum Radulfi xxxix.li. et xj.s. etij.d. Et per manum Vicecomitis 
de Euerchscire l.li. Et debet c. et quater xx.li. et viij.s. et x.d. 

De auxilio vUlarunn ejusdem honoris per Willelmum filium Radulfi 

et socws suos. 

Idem- Radulfus debet dimidiam marcam de auxilio de Lan- 
castra. 

Idem Radulfus r.c. de xvj.s. et iiij A de auxilio de Preston. In 
th'ro vj.s. et viij.d. Et debet ixs. et viij.d. 

Idem lladulfus r.c. de xv.s. et vij.d. de auxilio de Torp. In 
th'ro lib'. E. Q. E. 

Idem Radulfus debet xl.s. de auxilio Teinorum et Drengorum. 

Dc Placitis TomceJUii Bernard i et Sociorum ejus. 

Idem Radulfus r.c. de lxvj.li. et xiij.s. et iiij.d. pro respectu 
habendo de Reguarda forestae. In th'ro lib. E. Q. E. 

Robertus Archidecanus de Cestria debet c.s. de misericordia 
pro foresta.. 

Idem Radulfus r.c. de jm. de misericordia Huufridi clerici 
fratris uxoris Alberti Buissel pro foresta. Et de j.m. de Jordano 
Decano de Mammecestra pro eodem. Et de j.m. de Stephano 
Clerico de Waleton pro eodem. Et de j.m. de Ricardo Clerico 
de Prestecota pro eodem, Et de dimidia in. de Adama presbytero 
pro eodem. Et de jun. de Roberto Presbytero de Chillewelle. Et 
de dimidia m. de Adama Clerico de Mieles pro eodem. Et de j.m. 
de Adama Decano de Almundernesse pro eodem. Et de j.m. de 
Elya filio Lessi pro eodem. Et de dimidia m. de Galfrido de 
Langeton pro eodem. Et de dimidia in. de Ricardo filio Henrici 
pro- eodem. Et de dimidia m.. de Ricardo de Pierrepunt pro 
eodem. Et de iiij.s. de Siwardo Stanesdis pro eodem. Et de 
dimidia m. de Rogero Pincema pro defalta. Et de dimidia m. de 
Johanne filio Turstani pro eodem. Et de dimidia m. de Mathaeo 
tilio Willelmi pro eodenu 

Summa vij.li. et x.s. et viij.d. In th'ro liberavit in xvj. tallis. 

E. Q E. 

NOTES ON THI PIPE ROLL OF 24 HENRY II. (MICH. 1177-MICH. 1178). 

In the account of the Corpus Comitatus the usual routine 
entries occur, and various payments are made on account of the 
debts previously noted. 



ROLL OF 24 HENRY II. (1177-1178). 39 

Thomas fitz Bernard, the Forest Justice, had been in Eyre of 
the forests during the fiscal year in this county. He again accepts 
a composition — this time of 100 marks — from the knights and 
others dwelling within the forests, in order that they might have 
respite from the next View of the Forest. In the year 1170 the 
county paid a composition of 200 marks for respite. 

The names of a number of the secular clergy and other per- 
sons holding lands in the Hundreds of Leyland, West Derby, and 
Salford occur as owing various sums of money for fines imposed 
upon them by the Forest Justices for waste or assarts made within 
the precincts of the forest in those hundreds. 

Eobert, Archdeacon of Chester, owes 100s. " pro foresta." His 
name does not appear in the list of archdeacons given in the 
History of Cheshire, Vol. I., p. 113. His fine remained as a debt 
upon many successive Pipe Eolls, from which it would appear that 
he had no land within the Honor. His offence may have been 
that of felling timber without licence. 

If Albert Bussel was still alive he must have been a very old 
man. His wife's name was Leticia. Her brother Humphrey, 
clericvs, was fined 1 m. " pro foresta." 

Jordan, dean of Manchester ; Stephen, clericys of the church of 
Walton on the Hill ; Richard, clericus of the church of Prescot ; 
Adam, presbyter ; Robert, presbyter of Childwall ; Adam, clericus of 
the church of North Meols, and Adam, dean of Kirkham in 
Amounderness, were all fined " pro foresta." 

Geoffrey de Longton was a free tenant of Albert Bussel's in 
Leyland and Longton. His son Robert, son of Geoffrey, is named 
in Hugo Bussel's charter of confirmation of the grants made by 
his grandfather, uncle and father, to the Abbey of Evesham. 

Richard, son of Henry, was probably brother of Robert, lord of 
Lathom, and the ancestor of the Torbocks of Torbock. 

The Testa de Nevill (Vol. II., fol. 823) records that Albert 
Gredle [11 66-1182] enfeoffed Thomas de Perpont in three carucates 
of land in Rumworth and Lostock by the service of the third part 
of one knight's fee. In the reign of King John this was held by 
Richard de Perpont, named in this Pipe Roll. (Testa de Nevill, 
Vol. II., f. 791.) 

The same authority (Vol. II., f. 816) records that Richard 
Bussell [? 1135-1160] gave two carucates of laud in Standish 
and Langtree to Robert Spileman in marriage with his sister. 
Siward de Standish was a witness to Albert Bussel's charter of 



40 THE LANCASHIRE PIPE ROLLS. 

confirmation to the Abbey of Evesham, and is no doubt the indi- 
vidual mentioned here. By a fine levied at Westminster, on the 
Octave of Holy Trinity, 8 John [5th June, 1206], these two carucates 
of land were partitioned between Siward de Langtree and Ralph 
de Standish, the former taking the carucate of land in Langtree, 
one moiety of the advowson of the church of Standish, a moiety of 
the commonable wood in Standish, and 16 acres of assarted land 
lying near the said wood ; the other taking the carucate of land in 
Standish, the other moiety of the advowson, and of the wood, and 
16 acres of assarted land. Both Ralph de Standish and Siward de 
Langtree 1 were witnesses to Robert Bussel's grant of a fishery in 
Ribble to the Abbey of Evesham. 

Roger Pincerna, i.e. " le Boteler," was probably a younger 
brother of Theobald Walter. He and his wife Qucnilda — who 
survived him — are mentioned in the Chartulary of Cockersand, 
together with their sons, Richard, Robert, and Adam. She was 
afterwards called Quenilda de Wartou. 



MAG. ROT. PIP., 25 HENRICI II. (1178-1179.) 
(Roll No. 25. m. 3, dor so) 

Lancastra. 

Radulfus filius Bernardi reddit Compotum de x.li. et xviij.s. et 
viij.d. de veteri firma honoris de Lancastra. In th'ro lib\ 

E. Q. E. 

Et Idem [r.c] de ccli. numero de Nova firma. In th'ro c. et 
xxvij.li. et viij.s. et iij.d. Et in terris datis Willelmo de Valeiues 
x.li. in Culfo. Et Willelmo filio Walkelin ix.li. in Samerisberia 
(sic). Et Nigello de Greselea iiij.li. et xvj.s. in Drakelawa. Et 
Stephano de Saccauilla x.li. in Mendham. Et Engelrano Portario 
et Rogero de Sancto Albino xx.li. in Crokeston. 

Et debet xviij.li. et xv.s. et ix.d. Idem r.c. de eodem debito. In 
libcratione Venatorum et Canium Regis a festo Sancti iEdmundi 
usque ad Pentecostam xviij.li. et xv.s. et ix.d. per breve Regis. 

E. Q. E. 

Idem Radulfus r.c. de x.s. de firma de Meretona. In th'ro lib. 

E. Q. E. 

1 Both in the Testa de Neyill and in the charter referred to above, " Langton " — 
the name of a neighbouring township — has been erroneously substituted for 
"Langtree." 



ROLL OF 26 HENRY II. (1179-1180). 41 

Gilbertus filius Waldefii r.c. de c. et quater xx.li. et viij.s. et x.d. 
ut Rex remittat ei utlagariam. In th'ro quater xx. et x.li. Sci- 
licet per manum ipsius Vicecomitis xl.li. et per manum (Radulfi 
interlined), Vicecomitis Eboracscine Lli. Et debet quater xx. et x.li. 
et viij.s. et x.d. 

De Auxilio villarum ejusdem Honoris per Willelmum filium 

Radulfi et Socios ejus. 

Idem Rudulfus debet dim. m. de auxilio de Lancastra. 
Idem Radulfus debet ix.s. et viij.d. de auxilio de Prestona. 
Idem Radulfus debet xl.s. de auxilio Theinorum et Drengorum. 

De placitis Tomae filii Bernardi et Sociorum ejus. 

Robertus (Radulfus interlined) Archidecanus de Cestria debet 
C.s. de Misericordia pro foresta. 



NOTES ON THE PIPE ROLL OF 25 HENRY II. (MICH. 1178-MICH. 1179). 

The Sheriff first accounts for the balance which he owed on 
account of the ferm of the previous year. He paid it into the 
Treasury. 

In his account of the ferm of the current year, he claims allow- 
ance for £18 15s. 9d. which he had spent upon the Royal hunts- 
men and hounds during the six months from November 20, 1178, 
to May 20, 1179. The King is said to have visited several parts 
of the kingdom during the months of October, November, and 
December, 1178, and this item would suggest a visit to the royal 
forest of Lancaster about the end of the year for the purposes of 
sport. 

The remainder of the Roll merely consists of a re-statement of 
the debts brought over from the previous year, and records the 
payment of £50 in reduction of the debt of Gilbert, son of 
Waltheof. 



MAG. ROT. PIP., 26 HENRICI II. (1179-1180). 

(Roll No. 26. m. 5, in dorso.) 

Lancastra. 

Radulfus filius Bernardi reddit Compotum de ccli. numero de 
firina de Lancastra. In th'ro. c. et xlvj.li. et iiij.s. 

Et in terris datis Willelmo de Valeines x.li. in Culfho; Et 
Willelmo filio Walkelini lx.li. in Stainesbia; Et Nigello de 



42 THE LANCASHIRE PirE ROLLS. 

Greselea iiij.li. et xvj.s. in Drakelawa ; Et Stephano de Saukevilla 
x.li. in Mendham; Et Engelrano Portario et Rogero de Sancto 
Albino xx.li. in Crokeston. E. Q. E. 

Idem Eadulfus r.c. de vj.li. de cremento de Presteton. In 
th'ro lib. E. Q. E. 

Idem Radulfus r.c. de x.s. de firma de Mereton. In th'ro lib. 

E. Q. E. 

Gilbertus filius Waldevii r.c. de quater xx. et x.li. et viij.s. et 
x.d. ut Rex remittat ei utlagariam. In th'ro xx.li. per manum 
Iladulfi et xx.li. per manum Vicecomitis de Eboracscira. Et debet 
l.li. et viij.s. et x.d. 

De auxilio villarum ejusdem honoris per Willelmum filium Radulfi 

et Socios sxcos. 

[Idem] Radulfus debet dim. m. de auxilio de Lancastra. Idem 
debet ix.s. et viij.d. de auxilio de Preston. Idem debet xl.s. de 
auxilio Teinorum et Drengorum. 

[Robertus] Archidecanus de Cestre debet as. de misericordia 
Regis pro foresta. 

Nova Placita et Novce Convenciones. De Oblatis Curiae. 

[Homines] de Preston reddunt compotum de cm. pro habenda 
carta Regis ut habeant libertates quas homines de Novo Castro 
habent. In th'ro xxv.m. Et debent lxxv.m. 

[Ricardus] filius Rogeri r.c. de cli. pro habenda terra sua quam 
forisfecerat, quia filiam suam hseredem suam dederat sine licentia 
Regis. In th'ro xiij.li. et vj.s. et viij.d. Et debet quater xx. et 
vj.li. et xiij.s. et iiij.d. 

[Idem Radulfus] debet lxxviij.li. et iij.s. et viij.d. pro habendo 
respectu de placitis foreslariis de Lancastra. 

NOTES ON THE PIPE ROLL OF 26 HENRY II. (MICH. 1179-MICH. 1180). 

No new details occur in the account of the ferm of the Honor 
this year. 

" Nova placita et Nov>e conventiones." — This was the usual 
heading under which the penalties levied by the Justices, during 
their visit to the county, were recorded in the Pipe Roll. 

"De Oblatis Curiae" was the heading under which were 
recorded the Oblata and Fines proffered to, and accepted by 
the Curia Regis, sitting at Westminster or following thp King, 
as he travelled from place to place. The three entries in the 
roll clearly belong to the latter heading. 



ROLL OF 26 HENRY II. (1179-1180). 43 

In September, 1179, when King Henry wa3 at Winchester, he 
granted to the men of Preston a charter of the same liberties that 
had been recently granted to the men of Newcastle-under-Lyme. 
It seems probable that the inhabitants of Preston had taken the 
opportunity afforded by the King's visit to the forest of Lancaster 
the previous year, to solicit the royal charter which should consti- 
tute the town a free borough, and that they had proffered to the 
Curia Regis the sum of 100 marks for the royal favour. The 
present roll records the payment to the Treasury of the first 
instalment of 25 marks. Hitherto the town had annually con- 
tributed the sum of £9 to the ferm of the Honor ; an increment 
of £6 had been offered, or demanded, as part of the consideration 
for the charter of liberties, which sum was duly accounted for in 
the present and subsequent rolls as a permanent augmentation of 
the ferm of the Honor. 

In the year 1176, Richard, son of Roger, had paid 5 marks in 
order to obtain from the Curia Regis the privilege of an inquest 
respecting the seizure of Kirkby, in the Hundred of West Derby, 
which had been taken into the King's hands, because he had 
married his daughter and heir without the royal licence. This 
no doubt refers to the marriage of his eldest daughter Matilda 
to Robert de Stockport, ancestor of the Barons of Stockport. 
As a result of the enquiry, the Justices inflicted the heavy fine 
of £100, and the said Richard, finding sureties for payment, 
recovered possession, paying during the year a first instalment 
of £13 6s. Sd. 

The records relating to Lancashire for the first century after 
the Norman Invasion are extremely meagre, and the history of 
the territorial families of that period is correspondingly incomplete 
and conjectural. This applies to the ancestry of Richard, son of 
Roger, for whom I am inclined to attribute a Scandinavian origin, 
as the descendant of one of the Norse invaders, who descended upon 
the coast of Lancashire in the tenth century. 

Raghanald probably flourished as Thane of Lytham, Bootle, 
Linacre, and Woodplumpton about the time of the Norman 
Invasion ; his son Ravanchil, or Ravenkil, witnessed Count 
Roger of Poictou's grant of the church of Lancaster to St. 
Martin of S(Sez in A.D. 1094: Roger, son of Ravenkil, gave 
one carucate of land in Linacre to the brethren of the Hospital 
of St. John of Jerusalem, and his name occurs in records of the 
period 1130-1157; his son Richard, son of Roger, the founder of 



44 THE LANCASHIRE HPE ROLLS. 

Lythain Priory, occurs temp. Henry II. and Richard I. By military 
service the said Richard held — 

Kirkby, 1 of the Barony of Widnes, by the service of one-fifth 

part of one knight's fee. 
Argarmeols, 1 of the Barony of Penwortham, one-fourth part of 

one knight's fee. 
Kellamergh and Burstath Bryning, in capite, of the Honor of 
Lancaster, one-fourth part of one knight's fee. 

In Thanage he held — 

Boo tie and Linacre, three carucates, by the service of 13s. 

yearly. 
Woodplumpton, four carucates, by the service of 17 s. 6cL 
Lytham, two carucates, by the service of 8*. 4td. 

These estates descended to his five daughters: Matilda, the 
wife of Robert de Stockport; Amice, the wife of Thomas de 
Beetham; Quenild, the wife of Roger Gernet; Margaret, the wife of 
Hugh de Moreton ; and Avice, the wife of William de Milium. 
Upon the death of Quenild in 36 Henry III. without issue, her 
estates were partitioned between the heirs of the two first named. 2 

The knights and other dwellers in the forests of Lancaster paid 
a composition of £76 3s. 8d. s in order that the holding of pleas of 
the forest might be respited. 



MAG. ROT. PIP., 27 HENRICI II. (1180-1181). 

(Roll No. 27. m. 3, dorso.) 

Lancastra. 

Radulfus filius Bernardi reddit Compotum de ccli. numero de 
firma de Lancastra. In thesauro c. et lj.li. et iiij.s. numero. In 
terris datis Willelmo de Valeinis x.lL in Culfho; Et Willelmo 
filio Walkelini ix.li. in Stainesbeia ; Et Nigello de Greselea iiij.li. 
et xvj.s. in Drakelawa ; Et Stephano de Saukevilla as. in Mend- 
ham de dimidio anno ; Et Engelrano Portario et Rogero de Sancto 
Albino xx.li. in Ookeston. Et Quietus est 

Idem Radulfus r.c. de vj.li. de Cremento de Presteton. Et de 
xj.s. de firma de Mereton hoc anno. In th'ro lib. in ij. tallis. 

E. Q. E. 

1 Kirkby and Argarmeols may hare been the portion of the estate of Thurstan 
Banustre, which descended to his daughter Margaret, the wife of the said Kichard, 
eon of Roger. Argarmeols formed part of the modern township of Birkdale. 

2 See Ormerod's Parentalia. 



ROLL OF 27 HENRY II. (1180-1 181). 45 

Gilbertus filius Waldevii r.c. de l.li. et viij.s. et x.d. ut Rex 
remittat in utlagariam. In th'ro xxv.m. 

Et debet xxxiij.li. et xv.s. et vj.d. 

Idem Radulfus r.c. de ix.s. et viij.d. de auxilio de Preston. In 
th'ro v.s. Et debet iiij.s. et viij.d. 

Idem [Eadulfus] r.c. de xLs. de auxilio Teinorum et Drengorum. 
In th'ro lib. E. Q. E. 

Robertus Archidecanus de Cestre debet c.s. de misericordia 
Eegis pro foresta. Radulfus filius Bernardi debet dimidiam 
marcam de auxilio de Lancastra. 

De Oblatu Curioe. 

Homines de Preston r.c. de lxxv.m. pro habenda Carta Regis 
ut habeant libertates quas homines de Novo Castro habent In 
th'ro xx.li. Et debent xxx.li 

Ricardus filius Rogeri r.c. de quater xx. et vj.li. et xiij.s. et 
iiij.d. pro habenda terra sua quam forisfecerat, quia filiain suam 
hteredem suam dederat sine licentia Regis. In th'ro xx.m. 

Et debet lxxiij.li. et vij.s. {sic). 

Idem Radulfus debet lxxviij.li. et iij.s. et viij.d. pro habendo 
respectu de Placitis forestariis de Lancastra. 

Ricardus filius Waldevii debet as. pro habendo recto de homini- 
bus suis, qui se faciunt liberos cum non suit. 



NOTES ON THE PIPE ROLL OF 27 HENRY II. (MICH. 1180-MICH. 1181). 

The entries in this roll relating to Lancashire are mere matters 
of routine, and a re-statement of debts owing from the previous 
year, with the exception of the last item. 

Richard, son of Waltheof, owes £5 for a writ of right against 
his men, who were making themselves freemen, when they were, 
as he claimed, his nativi or villeins. Perhaps his villeins were 
endeavouring to take action at law or to obtain some legal decision, 
which would imply that they were free men. 1 



1 A villein might be enfranchised by the grant from his lord of a deed of manu- 
mission, by manumission obtained through the intervention of the Church, by 
escaping to a free borough and dweUing there for the space of a year and a day ; 
or by implied manumission, as where his lord gave him an estate in fee, for life or 
years, or brought an action against him ; in fact, by dealing with his villein on the 
same footing as if he were free, whereby the law presumed that the lord intended 
to set his villein free. 



413 THE LANCASHIRE PIPE ROLLS. 

MAG. EOT. PIP., 28 HENRICI II. (1181-1182). 

(Roll No. 28. m. 5, dorso.) 

Lancastra, quia non erat ei locus in Norhumberland. 

Radulfus Alius Bernardi reddit Compotum de ccli. numero de 
firma de Lancastra. Iu thesauro c. et l.li. et xv.s. et vij.d. 

Et in terris datis Willelmo de Valeines x.lL numero in 
Culfho. Et Willelmo filio Walkelini ix.li. in Stainesbeia. Et 
Nigello de Greselea iiij.li. et xvj.s. in Drakelawa. Et Engelrano 
Portario et Rogero de Sancto Albino xx.li. numero in Crokeston. 
Et Warino Venatori xxv.s. et j.d. de liberatione sua per breve 
Regis. Et Jacobo 1.8. et j.d. de liberatione sua per idem breve. 
Et Gibbe xxvj.s. et iij.ob. de liberatione sua per idem breve. Et 
Petro [filio] Bernardi vij.s. et ij.d. de liberatione sua per idem 
breve. E. Q. E. 

Idem Radulfus r.c. de vj.li. de Cremento de Presteton. Et de 
vj.s. de firma de Mareton hoc anno. In th'ro lib. in ij. tallis. 

E. Q. E. 

Gilbertus filius Waldevii r.c. de xxxiij.li. et xv.s. et vj.d. ut 
Rex remittat ei utlagariam. In th'ro xxixii. et iiij.s. et viij.d. 

Et debet iiij.li. et x.s. et x.d. 

Idem Radulfus debet iiij.s. et viij.d. de auxilio de Presteton. 
Robertus Archidecanus de Cestre debet c.s. de misericordia Regis 
pro foresta. Radulfus filius Bernardi debet dim. m. de auxilio do 
Lancastra. 

De oblatis Curiae. 

Homines de Preston r.c. de xxx.li. pro habenda Carta Regis ut 

habeant libertates quas homines de Novo Castro habent. In th'ro 

lib. E. Q. E. 

Ricavdus filius Rogeri r.c. de lxxiij.li. et vij.s. pro habenda 

terra sua quam forisfecerat, quia filiam suam haeredem dederat sine 

licentia Regis. In th'ro xx.li. Et debet Iiij.li. et iij.s. (sic). 

Idem Radulfus r.c. de lxxviij.li. et iij.s. et viij.d. de Comitatu 
de Lancastra ut habeant respectum de placitis forestariis de 
Lancastra. In th'ro lxxj.li. et xj.s. et xj.d. 

Et debet vj.li. et xj.s. et ix.d. 

Ricardus filius Waldevii r.c. de c.s. pro habendo recto de 
hominibus suis, qui se faciunt liberos cum non suit. In th'ro 
v.m. Et debet ij.m. et dim. 

Ricardus de Mulineals r.c. de xx.s. pro licentia concordandi 



ROLL OP 28 HENRY II. (1181-1182). 47 

cum hominibus de Schingelton de quadam nova assisa. In th'ro 
lib. E. Q. E. 

Agnes Bonetable debet iij.m. pro habenda recognitione de 
feodo dimidii militis in Apelton. 

Adam Decanus r.c. de xxvj.li. et xiij.s. et iiij.d. pro custodia 
Nepotis sui cum dimidia carrucata terrce et pro Maritanda matre 
ejus. In th'ro lib. E. Q. E. 

NOTES ON THE PIPE ROLL OF 28 HENRY II. (MICH. 1181-M1CH. 1182). 

In this Roll, after the simple heading " Lancastra," the clerk 
of the Exchequer, as if to explain the omission to include the 
county under Northumberland, has added, " because there was 
not place for it in Northumberland." 

In the twenty-fifth year of his reign, Henry II., at a great 
council held at Windsor, divided the Kingdom into four circuits, 
and appointed Justices to hold pleas in each division. The most 
northern consisted of " Notinghamsire, Derebesire, Euerwicsire, 
Northumberlande, Westmerilande, Cumberlande, Inter Rible et 
Meresee " and " Loncastre." So far as the present County of 
Lancaster was concerned, the nomenclature and divisions of the 
Domesday Survey were still in use. Roger of Poictou is said to 
have been styled " Comte de Lancastre," but the Honor of Count 
Roger lay in several different counties, hence the objection to 
describing the northern part of the Honor (beyond the Lyme), 
by the title of " Comt£ de Lancastre," or " Comitatus Lancastrian" 
The convenience, however, of classifying this part of the country 
as a county or shire, in administrative matters affecting that area, 
began to be recognised at this time ; " Lancastra " ceases to 
appear in the Pipe Rolls under Northumberland or Yorkshire, and 
begins to assumes its position as one of the counties of England. 

This year the Sheriff claimed allowance for several small 
payments made by authority of the King's writ, viz. — 255. lrf. to 
Warin, the Hunter ; 50s. Id. to James ; 26s. 3±d. to Gibbe, and 
7s. 2d. to Peter, son of Bernard, for their respective wages. These 
payments were probably connected with the King's journey to 
the north of England in August, 1181, when he accompanied the 
King of Scots as far as Richmond. 

In crediting Richard, son of Roger, with the payments made in 
liquidation of his Fine the previous year, the Sheriff made an error 
by stating the balance at 4rf. too much. This year he made 
another miscalculation, in deducting 4s. more than the actual 



48 THE LANCASHIRE PIPE ROLLS. 

payment. In neither case does the error appear to have been 
afterwards corrected. 

Kichard de Molyneux paid 20s. for licence to make concord 
with the men of Singleton, concerning a certain new assize. 
Singleton was one of the royal estates, and I suppose the King's 
Jumines, resisting some new exaction, had appealed to the Curia 
Regis, with the result that Richard Molyneux thought fit to make 
terms with them. 

Agnes Bonetable owed 3 marks for a recognition of her right 
in half a knight's fee in Appleton, held of the barony of Widnes, 
which acknowledgment she had obtained in the Curia Regis, 
possibly against John, Constable of Chester. An entry in the 
Pipe Roll of 1 John, throws a little light upon this entry ; but it 
can only be surmised that Agnes Bonetable was the daughter and 
heir of one of the military tenants of this fief, and had been in 
ward to John, Constable of Chester. Poverty appears to have 
prevented her paying the 3 (sometimes stated to be 4) marks, 
which had been proffered in the Curia Regis for the acknowledg- 
ment of her right. Before King John's accession to the throne 
she had become the wife of Richard de Venables, who may 
have been a younger brother of Sir William de Venables, Baron 
of Kinderton. At any rate, in 1 John, Richard de Venables 
and Agnes, his wife, gave 20s. for a recognition of mort d' ancestor 
against Roger, Constable of Chester, concerning this half knight's 
fee in Appleton, with the appurtenances. Thirty or forty years 
later Roger de Venables granted by charter to John de Lacy 
all his right and title in Appleton, Cronton, and Upton. At the 
time of the Feodary, recorded in the Testa de Nevill, circa 1242, 
this half fee was held in demesne by Edmund de Lacy, then in his 
minority. 

Adam, Dean of Kirkham 1 in Amounderness, had offered 40 
marks for the wardship of his nephew, with half a carucate of 
land, and the marriage of the mother. The locality of the land 
is unfortunately omitted. 



1 In the Fine Roll, 7 John, it is recorded that William, son of Richard, gnve 
1 mark for a precipe quod reddat, against Adam the dean, who had the custody 
of the land and the wardship of the said William. 



roll of 29 henry ii. (1182-1183). 49 

MAG. ROT. PIP., 29 HENRICI II. (1182-1183). 

(Roll No. 29. m. 5, dorso.) 

Lancastra. 

Radulfus filius Bernardi reddit Compotum de cc.li. numero de 
firma de Lancastra. In thesauro c. et lvj.li. et iiij.s. numero. 

Et in terris datis Willelmo de Valeines x.1l numero in Cloi'ho. 
Et Willelmo filio Walkelini ix.li. in Stainesbeia. Et Nigello de 
Gresselee iiij.li. et xvj.s. in Drakeslawe. Et Engelranno Portario 
et Rogero de Sancto Albino xx.li. numero in Crokeston. E. Q. E. 

Idem [Radulfus] r.c. de vj.li. de Cremento de Preston. Et de 
xj.8. de firma de Mareton hoc anno. In th'ro lib. in ij. tallis. 

KQ.E. 

Gilbertus filius Waldevii r.c. de iiij.li. et x.s. et x.d. ut Rex 
remittat ei utlagariam. In th'ro lib. E. Q. E. 

Idem Radulfus r.c. de iiij.s. et viij.d. de auxilio de Preston. In 
th'ro lib. EQ.E. 

Robertus Archidecanus Cestrioe debet c.s. de misericordia Regis 
pro foresta. Radulfus filius Bernardi debet dim. m. de auxilio de 
Lancastra, quae remansit pro pauperitate. 

De oblatis Curice. 

Ricardus filius Rogeri r.c. de Iiij.li. et iij.s. pro habenda terra sua 
quam forisfecerat quia filiam suam hseredem dederat sine Hcentia 
Regis. In th'ro xv.li. Et debet xxxviij.li. et iij.s. 

Idem Radulfus r.c. de vj.li. et xj.s. et ix.d. de Comitatu de Lan- 
castra ut habeant respectum de placitis forestariis de Lancastra. 
In th'ro xxx.8. et ij.d. Et debet c.s. et xix.d. 

Ricardus filius Waldevii r.c. de ij.m. et dim. pro habendo recto 
de hominibus suis, qui se faciunt liberos cum non suit. In th'ro 
lib. E. Q. E. 

Agnes Bonetable debet iij.m. pro habenda recognitione de feodo 
dimidii militis in Appelton, sed nusquam inveniret. 

Nova Placita et Novcc Conventiones per Tomam JUium Bernardi et 

Socios suos. 

Idem Vicecomes Radulfus 1 r.c. de xxx.m. de communi miseri- 
cordia Comitatus de Lancastra pro concelaniento. In th'ro xvij.li. 
et viij.d. 

1 In the Chancellor's Antegraph Vic* has been cancelled, Radulfus being added 
instead. 

£ 



50 THE LANCASHIRE PIPE ROIXS. 

Et debet lix.s. et iiij.d. 

Jordanus de Mamecestre r.c. de xx.s. quia non est prosecutus 
breve suum. Iu th'ro x.s. 

Et debet x.s. 

Waldevius Presbyter r.c. de iiij.m. de debito Eadulfi filii 
Gervasii, qui cum utlagatis inter fectus est. In th'ro iij.m. Et 
debet j.m. 

Tomas et Bernardus, Ulii Philippi reddunt Compotum de ij.m. 
pro defectu. In th'ro j.in. Et debent j.m. 

Henricus Decanus de Wallebi 1 debet v.m. quia renuit dare 
Wagium (sic) et plegios Justiciariis. 

De oblatis Curicc. 

\jy\olfinus de Gersingcham* r.c. dt j.m. pro habendo respectu de 
loquela versus Adam, donee Hex veniat in Angliam. In th'ro lib. 

E. Q. E. 

Radulfus Vicecomcs r.c. de vjli. et vj n . et viij.d. de minutis 
misericordiis hominum in Ballia sua quorum nomina et debita et 
causae debitorum scripta sunt in Rotulis Justiciariorum, quos ipsi 
liberawrunt in themuro. In th'ro lib. in xvj. tallis. E. Q. E. 

Idem r.c. de xxvj.s. et viij.d. de catallis Adce et Tlwmcc occisorum 
cum utlagatis. In th'ro lib. E. Q. E. 



NOTES ON THE PIPE ROLL OF 29 HENRY II. (MICn. 1182-MICH. 1183). 

There is nothing new in the account of the ferm of the Honor 
this year. The statement of old debts remaining due is repeated 
year by year, and requires no further comment. 

" De Oblatis Curle." — The entries under this heading are also 
matters of repetition. 

"Nova piacita et Nov^e conventiones." — During the year 
1183, Thomas fitz Bernard had been in Eyre in the county, 
probably accompanied by Alan de Furnellis and Robert de Wite- 
feld. They not only dealt with forest matters, but also with 
matters of ordinary assize. 

The county had neglected to make presentation concerning 
trespasses and other offences against the Forest, for concealment of 
which the Justices had imposed fines amounting to 30 marks. 

Jordan, Dean of Manchester, having obtained a writ of right to 

1 Whalley j Decanus interlined in the C. A. 

2 The words in italics have been added from the Chancellor's Antegrapk to 
Fupplv the place of mutilations in the original roll. 



ROLL OF 30 HENRY II. (1183-1184). 51 

prosecute some one, had withdrawn his plea without licence, and 
was fined 20*. 

Waltheof, the priest, answers for a debt of 4 marks owing by 
Ralph, son of Gcrvase, who had been killed in the company of 
outlaws. 

Thomas and Bernard, sons of Philip, for default as suitors or 
sureties at the Assizes, were fined 2 marks. 

Henry, Dean of Whalley, described in the pedigree of the 
Towneley family, as "Henry the younger, successor to Robert, 
Dean of Whalley/' was fined 5 marks for refusal to give security 
and sureties to the Justices in connection with some pending suit. 
He died before the following Michaelmas (1184). 

"De oblatis Curle." — Dolfin de Gressingham, a tenant by 
serjeanty, tendered 1 mark to have his suit with Adam respited 
until the King's return to England. He held some office in the 
royal Forest of Lancaster, and desired to be heard before the King 
in the Curia Regis. The King returned from France on June 10th, 
1184. 

The Eyre of the Justices had not been productive of a largo 
sum for fines imposed. Sixteen items only amounted to £6 6s. 8d. f 
the details of which were contained in a roll which the Justices 
delivered to the Treasury, leaving the Sheriff to collect this sum 
from a duplicate roll, which was not however, copied into the Pipe 
Roll. 

Two other individuals had been killed in the company of 
outlaws, perhaps resistiug arrest. Their goods and chattels real- 
ized 265. Sd. for the King's benefit 



MAG. ROT. PIP., 30 HENRICI II. (1183-1184). 

(Roll No. 30. m. 7, d&rso.) 
Lancastra. 

Radulfus filius Bernardi reddit Compotum de ccli. numero de 
firma de Lancastra. In thesauro c. et lvj.li. et iiij.s. numero. Et 
in terris datis Willelmo de Valeiues x.li. numero in Clofho. Et 
Willelmo filio Walkelini ix.li in Stainesbeia. Et Nigello de 
Greselee iiij.lL et xvj.s. in Drakeslawa. Et Engelranno Portario 
et Rogero de Sancto Albino xx.li. numero in Crokeston. 

E. Q. E. 

Idem r.c. de vj.li. de Cremento de Preston. Et de xj.s. de rirma 

de Mareton. In th'ro lib. in ij. tallis. E. Q. E. 

E 2 



b'i THE LANCASHIRE PIPE ROLLS. 

lU>1jertU3 Archidecanus de Cestre deljet c.s. de misericordia 
I^-^i.s pro foresta. Radulfus filius Bernardi debet dim. in. de 
auxilio de Lancastra qua; remaiisit pro pauperitate. 

l)e oulati.s Curia*. 

Ricardus filiiw R<»geri r.c. de xxxviij.li. et iij.s. pro hatenda 
terra sua qua in furisfecerat quia filiam suam ha?redem dederat 
sine licentia Regis. In tirro x.li. Et debet xxviij.li. et iij.s. 

Mem Radulfus r.c. de c.s. et xix.d. de Comitatu de Lancastra 
ut babeat respectum de placiti3 forestariis de Lancastra. In th'ro 
nj.d. 

Et in perdonis per breve Regis Hugoni de Morewich xlij.s. et 
viij.il. Et debet Iviij.s. et viij.d. Agnes Ronetable debet iij.m. pro 
babenrla recognitione de feodo dimidii militis in Appelton. Sed 
uicbil haliet. 

IM plariits foresta: prr Tomamfilivm Bernardi d Socios suos. 

Idem Vicecomes r.c. de lix.s. et iiij.d. de misericordia Comitatus 
dc Lancastra pro coneelamento. In th'ro i iij.s. et viij.d. 

Et in perdonis per breve Regis Monacis de Furneis xiij.s. et 
viij.d. Et fratrihus hospitali de Jerusalem v.s. et v.d. Et debet 
xxxv.s. et vij.d. Idem r.c. de eodem dchito. In perdonis per 
breve Regis Hugoni de Morewich ix.s. et iiij.d. Et debet xxvj.s. et 
nj.d. 

JordamiH de Mammecestre r.c. de x.s. quia non est prosecutus 
breve suuin. In th'ro lib. E. Q. E. 

Waldevius presbyter debet j.m. de debito Radulfi filii Gervasii, 
qui cum utlagatis interfectusest. Tomas et Rernardus filii Philippi 
debent j.m. pro defalta. 

Henricus Decanus de "VVallega dclwt v.m. quia renuit dare 
Wadiuin et plegios Justiciariis, sed mortmis est. 

Novm jiUtcita H nora* ronmitimies. Dc oblatis Cwicc. 

(iilbertus liastardus debet j.m. pro habeudo recto de equabus 
Huin versus Hugonem de Winewieh. 

Adam Decanus r.c. de c.s. ut licoat ei maritare filiam suam, 
cjujij fcrat de donacione Regis, filio Normanni de Redeman. In 
th'ro v.m. Et debet ij.m. et dim. 

Idem Vicecomes r.c. de viij.s. de exitu de Clifton, qua* fuit 
Ilcniici Tultrelli utlagati. In th'ro lib. R Q. E. 



BOLL OF 31 HENRY II. (1181-11S5). 53 

NOTES ON TIIE PIPE ROLL OF 30 HENRY II. (MICH. 1183-MICH. 1184). 

"De placitis forests." — Under this heading a balance of 
59«. 4d. remained due in fines for concealment of offences against 
the forest. The monks of Furness and the brethren of the 
Hospital of St. John of Jerusalem, were excused their fines, as also 
was Hugh de Morwich, who held an estate in Farleton and Cants- 
field under Geoffrey de Valoines, who held by grant from Adam de 
Montbegon. This Hugh was an officer of the King's Court, and 
occasionally acted as Justiciar. He held the office of Sheriff of 
Cumberland, from Easter 1185 to Michaelmas 1186. In addition 
to the sum remitted for concealments, he was excused 42s. 8d., the 
quota due fiom himself, or his tenants, towards the fine or compo- 
sition of £78 3s. M, t accepted by the Justices in 1179-80, for 
respite of pleas of the forest. In both cases he produced the royal 
writ excusing the fines. 

" De oblatis Curl*:." — Gilbert the Bastard was taking action 
against Hugh de Winwick for the recovery of his brood mares. 

Adam, Dean of Kirkham, had obtained licence to marry his 
daughter, who was of the King's donation, to [Henry ?], son of 
Norman de Redman, of Yealand. 

Clifton had escheated to the King, by reason of the outlawry of 
Henry Colt, who had held that land. The issues for the year 
realized 8s. This would be Clifton in the parish of Eccles. 



MAG. ROT. PIP., 31 HENRICI IL (1184-1185). 

(Roll No. 31. m. 1.) 
Lancastra. 

Radulfus filius Bernardi reddit Compotum de quater xx.1l 
numero de firma Maneuiorum honoris de Lancastra de dimidio 
anno, scilicet a festo Sancti Michaelis usque ad Pascha. In 
thesauro lviij.li. et ij.s. 

Et in terris datis Willelmo de Valeinis cs. in Culeford de 
dinudio anno. Et Willelmo filio Walkelin iiij.li. et x.s. in Stain- 
esbi de eodem termino. Et Nigello de Greseleia xlviij.s. in 
Drakelawe de eodem termino. Et Engelrano [Portario] et Rogero 
de Sancto Albano x.li. in Crokeston de eodem termino. E. Q. E. 

Gilbertus Pipard, Hugo frater ejus pro eo r.c. de c. et xx.li. 
numero de firma Maneriorum honoris de Lancastra de dimidio 
anno a Pascha usque ad festum Sancti Michaelis. In th'ro quater 
xx. et xiij.li. et ij.s. 



54 THE LANCASHIRE PIPE ROLLS. 

Et in terris datis Willelmo de Valeines c.s. in Culeford de 
dimidio anno. Et Willelmo filio Walkelini iiij.li. et x.s. in 
Staineresbi, de eodern terinino. Et Nigello de Greseleia xlviij.s. 
in Drakelawa de eodem ternrino. Et Engelrano [Portario] et 
Rogero de Sancto Albano x.li. in Croston de eodem termino. Et 
debet c.s. 

Idem r.c. de vj.li. de Cremento de Preston. Et de xij.s. de 
firnia de Mereton. In th'ro lib. E. Q. K 

Idem r.c. de ij.s. de quadam domo escaeta in Preston. In th'ro 
lib. E. Q. E 

Idem r.c. de iiij.s. de Clyfton de dimidio anno. In th'ro lib. 

E Q. E 

Idem r.c. de ij.s. de Kirkedale de dimidio anno. In th'ro lib. 

E. Q. E 

Robertus Archidecanus de Cestre debet c.s. de misericordia pro 
foresta. 

Idem Gilbertus Pipard debet vj.s. et viij.d. de Auxilio de 
Lancastra quod remansit pro pauperitate. 

Ricardus filius Rogeri r.c. de xxviij.li. et iij.s. pro habenda terra 
sua quam forisfecerat, quia h'liam suam lueredem dederat sine 
licentia Regis. In th'ro xiij.li. Et debet xv.li. et iij.s. 

Idem Gilbertus r.c. de lviij.s. et viij.d. de Comitatu de Lan- 
castra ut habeat respecturn de placitis fores tar iis de Lancastra. In 
th'ro xlij.s. et iiij.d. Et in Perdonis per breve Regis fratribus 
Hospi talis de Jerusalem xvj.s. et iiij.d. E Q. E 

Agne3 Bonetable debet iij.m. pro habenda recognitione de feodo 
j. militis in Appelton. Sed nichil habet. 

Idem Gilbertus r.c. de xxvj.s. et iij.d. de misericordia Comitatus 
pro concelamento. In th'ro xxiij.s. et iij.d. Et debet iij.s. 

Waldevius Presbyter debet j.m. de debito Radulfi filii Gervasii 
qui cum utlagatis interfectus est. 

Tomas [et] Beruardus filii Philippi reddunt Compotum de j.m. 
de misericordia. Et debent dim. m. 

Henricus decauus Credewallega 1 debet v.m. quia renuit dare 
vadium et plegios Justiciaris. Sed mortuus est. 

Hugo Bastard r.c. [de] j.m. de misericordia. In th'ro dim. m. 
Et debet dim. m. 

Adam Decanus r.c. de ij.m. et dim. ut liceat ei maritare filiam 
suam quae erat de Donatione Regis, filio Normanni de Redman. 
In th'ro lib. E Q. E 

1 de "Wallega, i.e. of Whalley. 



ROLL OF 31 HENRY IT. (1184-1185). 55 

Nova Placita et Novcc Conventioncs per Godefridum de Zuci et Socios 

suos. 

Idem Gilbertus r.c. de j.m. de misericordia Helyce clerici de 
Boelton. Et de dim. m. de misericordia Bogeri Pnedicatoris. Et 
de dim. m. de misericordia Willelmi filii Alexandri. Et de dim. 
m. de misericordia Leinsig* de Farnewurd. Et de dim. m. de miseri- 
cordia Ulfi de Seftewurd. Et de dim. m. de misericordia Eoberti 
filii Leuenoth. Summa xlvj.s. et viij.d. In th'ro lib. in vj. tallis. 

E. Q. E. 

Jordanus Decanus de Mammecestre r.c. de v.m. pro disseisina 
injusta. In th'ro lib. E. Q. E. 

Bicardus de Babi debet dim. m. pro defalta. 

Alanus filius Outi r.c. de as. quia non habuit quern plegiavit. 
In th'ro lib. E. Q. E. 

Adam de Wallega debet dim. m. quia retraxit se de appella- 
tione sua. 

Idem Gilbertus r.c. de iij.m. de Communi misericordia de 
Wapentachio de Furneis pro concelamento placitorum Coronse. In 
th'ro lib. E. Q. E. 

Villata de Preston r.c. de v.m. de misericordia pro honrine 
quern homines ejusdem villse posuerunt ad aquam sine Waranto. 
In th'ro lib. E. Q. E. 

Idem Gilbertus r.c. de xx.li. de Communi misericordia Comi- 
tatus de Lancascra pro concelamento placitorum Coronse. In 
th'ro xv.li. et xj.s. et viij.d. Et debet iiij.li. et viij.s. et iiij.d. 

Idem r.c. de xj.li. de misericordiis hominum et villarum 
quorum debita et uomina [et causae] debitorum annotantur in 
Botulo quern liberavit in thesauro. In th'ro lib. in xxij. tallis. 

E. Q. E. 

Comitatus de Lancastra debet l.m. pro habendo respectum de 
placitis forestse. Osbertus filius Eoberti debet dim. m. pro licentia 
concordandi de ij. Bovatis terrse. 

Alexander filius Alexandri r.c. de c.s. ut possit esse sub salvis 
plegiis. In th'ro lxxv.s. et v.d. Et debet xxiiij.s. et vij.d. 

Idem Gilbertus r.c. de j.m. de Eicardo de Helanda et de 
Gilberto de Noton pro licentia concordandi. Et de dim. m. de 
Alexandra Mercatore pro eodem. Et de xx.s. de Henrico de 
Hesele pro eodem. Et de dim. marc, de Gamel de Morton pro 
eodem. Et de j.m. de Eicardo filio Dolfin pro eodem. Et de ij.m. 
de Alexandre de Eediveshale ut possit esse sub salvis plegiis. 
Summa iiij.li et vj.s. et viij.d. In th'ro lib. E. Q. E. 



56 THE LANCASHIRE HPE ROLLS. 

Ailsi et Gamel de Slin cum sociis suis reddunt compotum de 
xx.8. pro accipitribus Regis perditis. In th'ro lib. E. Q. E. 

Rogerus filius Wlfiet r.c. de dim. m. pro licentia redeundL In 
th'ro lib. E. Q. R 

Ricardus et Adam de Smededon reddunt Compotum de j.ra. 
ut Piscaria quam firmaverant prope defensam possit stare. In 
th'ro lib. E. Q. E. 

De 0¥J\aiis Curicc, per Rannulphum de Glanvilla. 

Rogerus Pincema deb. v.m. ut Ricardus et Robertus filii 
Uchtredi veniant coram Justiciis ad ostendendum si clament duas 
carrucatas tense in Clacton ad terminum vel ad feodum. 

WillelmuB filius Bernardi de Hest r.c. de x.m. pro habenda 
terra Patris sui in He9t et Caton. In th'ro v.in. Et debet v.m. 

Robertus filius Uchtredi debet xx.m. pro licentia concordandi. 

Benedictus Gernet r.c. de v.m. pro concordia injust6 facta 
de placito Coronie. In th'ro ij.m. Et debet iij.ni. 



NOTES ON THE PirE ROLL OF 31 HENRY II. (MICn. 1184-MICn. 1185). 

Ralph fitz Bernard quitted office at Easter 1185, having held 
the post of Sheriff since the summer of 1174. He was succeeded 
by Gilbert Pipard, who in consequence of his official duties as 
Justice itinerant, put his brother Hugh in his place to execute the 
office for him. 

A burgage in Preston had escheated to the King, and yielded 
2s. for the year. 

Kirkdale was also temporarily in the King's hands, the issues 
realising 2$. for the half year. This estate was a member of the 
barony of Penwortham, and had been bestowed by Warin Bussel, 
temp. Henry I., upon one Norman, whose son William granted it 
to Roger de Kirkdale, who held it at this time. It was no uncom- 
mon circumstance for an estate to be taken into the King's hands 
by the Sheriff, when the owner was disobedient to the writ of 
summons of the Curia Regis, or until he found sureties to answer a 
summons of the Court. This would explain the temporary seizure 
recorded here. Roger de Kirkdale dying about the 1-2 John, left 
by his wife Godith, an only daughter Quenild, afterwards in ward 
to King John, who married her to Richard, son of Roger. 1 In 
addition to Kirkdale, from which place the said Quenild took her 

1 Not to be confounded with Richard, son of Koger, of Ljtham, Woodplumpton, 
etc., to whom reference has already been made, p. 43. 



ROLL OF 31 HENRY II. (1184-1185). 57 

name, she held, by royal grant, one carucate of land in Forraby, by 
grand serjeanty of conducting the King's Treasury to Blakebrook, 
when the Court passed through the Hundreds of West Derby or 
Leyland. She had two or three daughters ; one married Jordan do 
Thornhill, who held one carucate of land in thanage by the service 
of 4s. 8d. yearly ; the others, Emma and Ellen, were parties to a 
fine levied at Lancaster, 26 Henry III., concerning two oxgangs 
of land in Kirkdale, in which Emma released all her title to 
her sister Ellen. In the latter part of the reign of Henry III., 
William, son of William de Walton, was mesne lord of Kirkdale 
under Henry de Lacy, Earl of Lincoln. 

" Nova placita et Nov/E Conventiones." — Godfrey de Lucy 
and his associates, Hugh de Morwich, Robert de Vaux (then 
Sheriff of Cumberland), and Hugh Murdach, or some three of them, 
had been in Eyre in the Counties of Northumberland, Cumberland, 
York, and Lancaster during the year 1185. Under the heading 
" New Pleas and New Conventions/' the present roll discloses an 
extensive list of cases dealt with by these Justices. 

Elias, the clerk of Bolton ; Roger, the Town-crier (?) ; William, 
son of Alexander, Lein3ig (Lesing ?) de Farnworth, Ulf de South- 
worth, and Robert, son of Levenoth, were amerced, perhaps for 
neglect to obey the summons to attend at the Assizes. Jordan, 
Dean of Manchester, 5 marks for a wrongful ejectment or disseisin; 
Richard de Roby for a default; Alan, son of Outy, 100s. for failing 
to produce him for whom he was surety ; Adam de Whalley for 
withdrawing from his appeal without the licence of the Justices. 

The whole County of Lancaster was amerced £20 for conceal- 
ment of Pleas of the Crown, and the Wapentake of Furness 
3 marks for the same default. 

The town of Preston had been exercising judicial rights not 
included within the scope of their charter of liberties, and without 
royal warrant. Some luckless being, charged no doubt with the 
commission of a serious offence, had been subjected to the ordeal 
by water, and had doublless perished in the Ribble. 

The Sheriff had collected fines amounting to £11, which he 
had delivered into the Treasury, with the roll containing the 
details of some twenty-two convictions. 

The county again obtained respite from Pleas of the Forest by 
a general commutation, for the sum of 50 mark3. 

The following persons obtained licence to make concords 
respecting pleas of land : — Osbert, son of Robert, concerning two 



58 THE LANCASHIRE PIPE ROLLS. 

oxgangs of land; Richard de Eland and Gilbert de Notton, 
Alexander the Merchant, Henry de Heselee, Game] de Morton, 
Richard, son of Dolfin, and Robert, son of Ughtred [de Singleton], 

Alexander, son of Alexander, paid 100s., and Alexander de 
Redivale, 2 marks, to be under safe pledges, i.e., to be secure from 
attachment by their bodies or goods, upon finding good sureties. 

Ailsy and Gamel de Sline, and their associates, had been mulcted 
in the sum of 20s. for the King's hawks, which they had lost. 

Roger, son of Ulfiet (Uvieth), fined for licence to return into 
Court, i.e., to obtain a new trial. 

Richard and Adam de Smeedon paid a fine of 1 mark that tho 
fishery in the Mersey, near the pales of Toxteth Park, which they 
held at farm, might not be taken from them. 

"Dk Oblatis Curle per Ranulphum de Glanvilla." — Roger 
le Boteler had proffered 5 marks for a writ to summon Richard 
and Robert, the sons of Ughtred, son of Huck, before the Justices 
of the Curia Regis, to declare whether they claimed to hold two 
carucates of land in Claughton at farm or in fee. A few years 
later the same brothers were defending a suit respecting land in 
Broughton, in which Theobald Walter was the plaintiff. The elder 
brother Richard was ancestor of the family of Singleton, between 
whom and the Butlers of Rawcliffe there appears to have been 
litigation, extending over a long period, respecting the former's 
right to the Manor of Broughton. 

William, son of Bernard de Hest, gave 10 marks to have livery 
of his father's land in Hest and Caton. He held, temp. John, one 
carucate of land in Middleton and half a carucate of land in Hest 
in thanage, by grant from the King, by the service of 21s. Ad. 
yearly. 

Benedict Gernet had been making an agreement concerning 
some offence which ought to have been presented before the 
Justices of Assize. This was equivalent to the concealment of a 
plea of the Crown. 

MAG. ROT. PIP., 32 HENRICI II. (1185-1186). 
(Roll No. 32. m. 10, et m. 10 dorso.) 

Lancastra. 

Gilbertus Pipardus, Hugo frater ejus, pro eo reddit compotum 
de c.s. de veteri firma maneriorum Honoris de Lencastra. In 
thesauro liberavit. Et Quietus est. 



ROLL OF 32 HENRY II. (1185-1186). 59 

Et Idem de nova firma. In th'ro c. et Jvj.li. et iiij.s. numero. 

Et in tenia datis Willelmo de Valeiues x.li. numero in Clofho. 
Et Willelmo filio Walkelini ixii. in StainesbL Et Nigello de 
Greselea iiij.li. et xvj.s. in Drakeslawa. Et Engelrano Portario 
et Rogero de Sancto Albino xx.lL numero in Crokeston. K Q. E. 

Idem r.c. de vj.li de cremento de Preston. Et de xij.s. de 
firma de Mereton. In th'ro lib. in ij. tallis. E. Q. E. 

Idem r.c. de ij.s. de quadam Donio escaeta in Preston. In th'ro 
lib. E. Q. K 

Idem r.c. de viij.s. de exitu de Clifton. In th'ro lib. E. Q. E. 

Idem r.c. de Iv.s. et vij.d. de exitu terne quae fuit Kogeri 
filii Randulfi cujus hueres est in manu Regis. In th'ro lib. 

E. Q. E. 

Robertus Archidecanus de Cestre deb. as. de misericordia pro 
fores ta. 

Ricardus filius Rogeri r.c. de xiij.li. xv.li. et iij.s. pro habenda 
terra sua quam forisfecerat, quia filiam suam fee (sic) haeredem 
dederat sine licentia Regis. In th'ro x.m. Et debet viij.LL et 
ix,s. et viij.d. 

Agnes Bonetable debet iij.m. pro habenda recognitione de 
feodo j. militis in Appelton. Sed nichil habet. 

Idem Gilbertus r.c. de iij.s. de misericordia comitatus pro 
concelamento. In tli'ro lib. E. Q. E. 

Waldevius Presbyter r.c. de j.m. de debitis Radulfi filii Gervasii, 
qui cum utlagatis interfectus est. In tli'ro lib. E. Q. E. 

Tomas et Beruardus filii Philippi r.c. de dim. m. de misericordia. 
In th'ro lib. E. Q. E. 

Hugo Bastardus r.c. de dim. m. de misericordia. In th'ro lib. 

E. Q. E. 

De Placitis Godefridi de Luci et Sociarum ejus. 

Ricardus de Rabi r.c. de dim. m. pro defalta. In tli'ro lib. 

E. Q. E. 

Adam de Wallega debet dim. m. quia retraxit se de appellatione 
sua. 

Idem Gilbertus r.c. de iiij.li. et viij.s. et viij.d. de Communi 
misericordia Comitatus de Lancastra, pro concelamento placitorum 
Coronse. In th'ro xxxix.s. et iiij.d. Et in Perdonis per breve 
Regis fratribus Hospitalis v.s. et iiij.d. Et debet xliij.s. et viij.d. 

Comitatus de Lancastra r.c. de l.m. pro habendo Respectum 
de placitis foreste. In th'ro xxj.li. et xv.s. et x.d. 



i 



60 THE LANCASHIRE PIPE ROLLS. 

Et in Perdonis per breve Eegis fratribus Hospitalis viij.s. et 
iij.d. Et debet xj.li. et ij.s. et vij.d. 

Alexander filius Alexandri r.c. de xxiiij.s. et viij.d. ut possit 
esse sub salvis plegiis. In th'ro lib. E. Q. E. 

Kogerus Pincerua r.c. de v.m. ut Eicardus et Kobertus filii 
Uchtredi veniant .coram Justiciariis ad ostendendum si clament 
ij. carrucatas terrae in Clacton ad terminum vel ad feodum. In 
th'ro iiij.m. Et debent j.m. 

Willelmus filius Bernardi de Hest r.c. de v.m. pro habenda 
terra patris sui in Hest et Catton. In th'ro lib. E. Q. E. 

Eobertus filius Uchtredi r.c. de xx.m. pro licentia concordandi. 
In th'ro x.m. Et debet x.m. 

Benedictus Gernet r.c. de iij.m. pro concordia injust& facta de 
placita Coronse. In th'ro xx.s. Et debet xx.s. Require copiam 
infra. 

Villata de Clifton r.c. de dim. m. pro defalta. In th'ro lib. 

E. Q. K 

Benedictus Gernet r.c. de xx.s. pro concordia injuste facta 
de placita Coronae. In th'ro lib. E. Q. E. 

De Oblatis Curias. 
Willelmo de Fourneis r.c. de xx.m. pro fine terrae. In th'ro 
v.m. Et debet xv.m. 

Nova 'placita deforeslaper Nigellum filiurn, Alexandri et Arnisium 

de Nevill. 

Idem Gilbertus r.c. de l.m. de Comitatu de Lancastra pro 
respectu Eeguardi foresUe. In th'ro x.m. Et debet xl.m. 

Eadulfus filius Bernardi r.c. de viij.li. de firma de Catton de 
viij. annis. In Perdonis ipsi Eadulfo viij.li. per breve Eegis, quod 
est in Dorseta. E. Q. E. 

Idem Gilbertus r.c. de j.m. de Warino falconario pro canibus 
contra assisam. Et de ij.m. de Haroldo de Lancastra pro vaccariis 
in foresta. Et de iij.s. et iiij.d. de Pagano de Niweton pro viridi. 
Et de iij.s. et iiij.d. de Willelmo filio Godefridi fabri pro viridi. 
Et de dim. m. de Guillot Ballivo Prioris de Lancastra, quia non 
habuit quos plegiavit. In th'ro lib. in v. tallis. E. Q. E. 

Prior de Lancastra r.c. de xlv.s. pro defalta. In th'ro lib. 

E. Q. E. 

NOTES ON THE PIPE ROLL OF 32 HENRY II. (MICH. 1185-MICH. 1186). 

Gilbert Pipard, the recently appointed Sheriff, was still 
represented in office by his brother Hugh, who answers for the 



ROLL OF 32 HENRY II. (1185-1186). 61 

balance of 100*. remaining due for the previous year's ferm of the 
manors of the Honor of Lancaster. 

He also answers for 55s. 7d., the issues of land which belonged 
to Roger, son of Ranulph de Gameleston, of Gameleston and 
Maresey, co. Notts., recently deceased, whose son and heir, Ranulph 
de Maresey, was in ward to the King. The land consisted of four 
carucates in the townships of Little Bolton, Breightmet, Radcliffe, 
and Urmeston, which he hela temp. John, in capite, by the service 
of 10s. yearly and one judge. His father during his lifetime had 
founded the Priory of Mattersey or Marsey, co. Notts. (Monasticon, 
Vol. VI. p. 965.) 

The arrears of fines remaining due from the Eyre of Godfrey 
de Lucy and his associates are fully set out, payments made and 
allowances to the brethren of the Hospital of St. John of Jerusalem 
being duly recorded. 

"De oblatis Curle." — William de Furness paid 20 marks 
for livery of his father's land, as I suppose. He was son and heir 
of Michael le Fleming de Furness, who held twenty and a half 
carucates of land in Furness. 

"Nova placita de foresta." — Nigel fitz Alexander and 
Ernise de Nevill had been in Eyre during the year, and had 
held Pleas of the Forest in several counties, including Lancashire. 
The regard of the Forest was again respited, the county offering 
the sum of 50 marks in lieu thereof. 

Ralph fitz Bernard, the late Sheriff, renders an account of 
£8 for the ferm of Caton, which had been in the King's hands for 
eight years, during the minority of William, son of Bernard de 
Hest, who had paid 10 marks the previous year for livery of this 
land. The Sheriff produces the King's writ discharging him from 
liability for this sum, because — as I understand it — he had already 
accounted for it in the Dorset Pipe Roll. 

The Sheriff had collected the fines arising from five convictions 
against the Forest, of which details are given : — Warin the Fal- 
coner for keeping dogs in the forest, contrary to assize, i.e., which 
had not been expedited in accordance with the Assize of Wood- 
stock 1 ; Harold of Lancaster for vaccaries or cow sheds for the 

1 Only certain breeds of dogs, such as mastiffs, were permitted to be kept 
within the precincts of the forests, and these were to be used only for the protection 
of houses, goods, or live stock. According to the Assize of Woodstock, temp. 
Henry II., aU such dogs were to be la wed, expedited or hambled, i.e., rendered 
lame by the mutilation of cutting off the claws of the fore-feet. 



62 THE LANCASHIRE PIPE ROLLS. 

cattle pasturing in the forest ; Payn de Newton 1 and William, 
son of Godfrey the Smith, for offences against the vert ; Guillot, 
the Prior of Lancaster's bailiff, for failing to produce some one 
before the Justices for whom he was surety. 

The Prior of Lancaster rendered account of his own fine of 
405. for some default made before the Justices, either in person or 
by some one for whom he had become surety. 



MAG. EOT. PIP., 33 HENRICI II. (1186-1187). 

(Roll No. 33. m. 2.) 
Lancastra. 

Gilbertus Pipardus, Petrus frater ejus pro eo, reddit compotum 
de firma Honoris de Lancastra. In th'ro c. et xxx.li. et xv.s. 
numero. 

Et in terris datis Willelmo de Valeinis x.li. in Cofho. Et 
Willelmo filio Walkeline ix.li. in Staineresbi. Et Nigello de 
Greselega iiij.lL et xvj.s. in Drakelawa. Et Engelrano Portario 
et Rogero de Sancto Albino xx.li. in Crokeston. Et Victori xxix.s. 
in Wellingoura de dimidio anno, per breve Regis et Amodo totum. 

Et debet xxiiij.li. numero. 

Idem reddit compotum de vj.li. de Cremento de Preston. Et 
de xij.s. de firma de Mereton. Et de ij.s. de quadam Uomo escaeta 
in Preston. Et de viij.s. de exitu de Clifton. In th'ro lib. in iiij. 
tallis. E. Q. E. 

Idem r.c. de x.s. de exitu terrce quae fuit Rogeri filii Randulfi 
cujus hseres est in manu Regis, de anno prseterito. Et de xliiij.s. et 
iiij.d. de exitu ejusdem terra de hoc anno, post quam uxor ejus 
habuit Dotem suam. In th'ro lib. in ij. tallis. E. Q. E. 

Robertus Archidecanus de Cestria debet as. de misericordia 
pro foresta, Agnes Bonetable debet iij.m. pro recognitione feodi 
j. militis in Appelton. Sed nichil habet. 

Ricardus filius Rogeri r.c. de viij.li. et ix.s. et viij.d. pro habenda 
terra sua quam forisfecerat quia filiam suam heeredem dederat 
sine licentia Regis. In th'ro c. et vj.s. et viij.d. Et debet lxiij.s. 

De placitis Godcfridi de Luci et sociorum ejus. 

Adam de Wallega r.c. de dim. m. quia retraxit se de appellatione 
sua, In th'ro lib. E. Q. E. 

1 " Paganus de Niweton " was a military tenant of William, Earl of Ferrers, in 
Derbyshire, in 1166. Liber Niger. 



ROLL OF 33 HENRY II. (1186-1187). 63 

Idem Gilbertus r.c. de xliij.s. et viij.d. de Communi misericordia 
Comitatu8 de Lancastra pro concelamento placiti Coronae. In th'ro 
xxx.s. et iiij.d Et debet xiij.s. et iiij.d. 

Rogerus Pincerna r.c. de j.m. pro recto versus Eicardum et 
Robertum filios Uchtredi. In th'ro lib. E. Q. E. 

Eobertus filius Uchtredi r.c. de x.m. pro licentia concordandi 
In th'ro lvij.s. et x.d. Et debet lxxv.s. et vj.d. 

Comitatus de Lancastra r.c. de xj.lL et ij.s. et vij.d. pro 
habendo respectu de placitis forestce. In th'ro viij.li. et xviij.s. et 
v.d. Et in Perdonis per breve Kegis fratribus Hospitalis xxij.d. 
Et debet xiij.s. et iiij.d. 

De oblatis Curice. 

Willelmus de Fourneis r.c. de x.li. pro fine terrae. In th'ro c. et 
vj.8. et viij.d. Et debet iiij.li. et xiij.s. et iiij.d. 

Idem Gilbertus r.c. de xl.m. de Comitatu de Lancastra pro 
respectu rewardi forestee. In th'ro xxiiij.li. et xvj.s. et vj.d. 
Et in Perdonis per breve Kegis fratribus Hospitalis vj.s. et ij.d. 
Et debet xxx.s. et viij.d. 

Nova placita et Novcc Conventiones per Arnisum de Nevill et 
WUlelmum Vavassur et Rogerum de Hovcnden et Galfridum 
de Haia. 

Idem Gilbertus r.c. de cm. de hominibus de Lancastra qui 
manent in foresta pro habendo respectu de Rewardo usque ad 
aliud reguardum. In th'ro xxxix.li. et viij.s. et viij.d. 

Et in Perdonis per breve Regis fratribus Hospitalis vij.s. et vj.d. 
Et debet xxxvj.li. et xvij.s. et ij.d. 

De his qui totum reddiderunt 

Idem Gilbertus r.c. de xxix.li. et xj.s. et viij.d. de Misericordiis 
hominura et villarum quorum nomina et debita et causae debitorum 
annotantur in Rotulo [Justicioruni] pricdictorum qui liberaverunt 
in thesauro. In th'ro lib. in xviij. tallis. E. Q. E. 

Stephanus de Waleton r.c. de xl.s. pro logia facta in foresta. 
In th'ro ij.m. Et debet j.m. 

Walterus de Craven r.c. de v.m. pro defalta. In th'ro iij.m. 
Et debet ij.m. 

Benedictus de Peninton r.c. de c s. pro defalta. In th'ro v.m. 
Et debet xxxiij.s. et iiij.d. 

Henricus de Billesbure debet xij.d. pro Blado vastato. Adam 
filius Ethulf debet iij.s. de misericordia pro eodem. Daniel de 



64 THE LANCASHIRE PIPE ROLLS. 

Eueceston deb. iij.s. quia non habuit quos plegiavit. Filius Com 
de eadem villa debet dim. m. pro eodem. 

Willelmus de Cherselawe debet iij.s. pro eodem. Arnaldus de 
Preston debet iij.s. de misericordia. Adam de Blakeburn debet 
iiij.s. pro defalta. Ricardus de Harewud' debet v.s. pro defalta. 
Robertus Archidecaiius de Cestre debet xl.m. pro defalta. 

De oblatis Curiae. 

Simon filius Ucman de Cermel r.c. de x.m. pro habenda terra 
et ministerio patris suL In th'ro xliiij.s. Et debet iiij.li. et ix.s. 
et iiij.d. 

Tomas de Goldeburn r.c. de xxxiij.s. et iiij.d. de Relevio terciae 
partis j. militis. In th'ro lib. E. Q. E. 

Idem Gilbertus r.c. de viij.s. de terra quae fuit Haccemundi de 
Masci. In th'ro lib. E. Q. E. 

De Scutagio Militum ejusdem Honoris. 

Idem Gilbertus r.c. de lxviij.li. et xij.d. de Scutagio Militum 
ejusdem Honoris quos ad praesens invenire potest. In th'ro xxv.li. 
et vj.s. et v.d. 

Et in feodo Alberti Grethle xij.li. de quibus Compotus debet 1 
reddi per se. Et in Perdonis per breve Regis Militibus ejusdem 
honoris pro Servientibus quos invenerunt loco Militum suorum 
residentium in eodem Comitatu xix.li. et iiij.s. et vij.d. Et Rogero 
de Munbugun vj.li. de Militibus suis extra Comitatum de Lan- 
castra. Et Rogero Esturmi xx.s. Et Rannulfo de Glanvilla xx.s. 
Et debet lxxs. 

Idem r.c. de eodem debito. 

In thesauro xx.s. de Rogero Esturmi. Et in Perdonis per 
breve Regis ipsi Rogero xx.s. de feodo j. Militis quod Rex ei per- 
donat per breve suum pro Piscaria de Oreford quae fuit de feodo 
ipsius Rogeri quam Rex habet in manu sua. [Et debet 1.8.]. 

NOTES ON THE PIPE ROLL OF 33 HENRY II. (MICH. 1186-MICH. 1187). 

The office of Sheriff was executed this year, by Gilbert Pipard's 
brother Peter, as his deputy. 

At Easter, 1187, King Henry granted fifty-eight solidates of 
land out of his royal demesne in Wellingore, in the parts of 
Kesteven, co. Lincoln, to one Victor. 

The estates of Roger, son of Ranulph de Maresey, whose heir 

1 deb 3 . 



KOLL OF 33 HEKKY II. (1186-1187). 65 

was in ward to the King, yielded an additional sum of 10s. from 

the previous year, and 44s. 4d. for the current year, exclusive of 

the land which had been assigned to the widow for her dower. 

Nova placita et Nov^e Conventiones. — Arnise de Nevill, 

William le Vavassour, Roger de Hovenden (Hoveden), and Geoffrey 

de Haye, had been in Eyre in the county this year, and had held 

Forest Pleas. An assessment of 100 marks had been levied upon 

the inhabitants of the Forests of Lancaster for respite from the 

Forest Regard. The brethren of the Hospital of St John of 

Jerusalem were excused their quota, by the King's writ. 

Fines amounting to £29 lis. 8d. had been imposed upon 

various townships and individuals, but the details were only 

entered in the roll which the Justices delivered to the Treasury. 

The Sheriff having already collected these fines, had paid them to 

the Treasury in 18 tallies, and only entered in the Pipe Roll details 

of the following fines, which had not been paid in full. 

Stephen de Walton answered for 40s., the fine imposed upon 

him for a " lodge " erected within the precincts of the Forest. 

William de Craven, Benedict de Pennington, of Bolton in 

Furne8S, Adam de Blakeburn, Richard de Harwood, and Robert, 

Archdeacon of Chester, owed sundry fines for default ; Henry de 

Bilsborough and Adam son of Ethulf, for destruction of their 

neighbours' corn crops by the trespass of their cattle ; Daniel de 

Euxton, Com . . ,'s son, of the same place, and William de 

Kearsley, for failing to produce before the Justices those for whom 

they were sureties ; Arnald of Preston for an amerciament. 

De oblatis Curle. — Simon, son of Huckman, of Cartmel, had 

proffered 10 marks for livery of the land, and appointment to the 

office held by his father, probably that of bailiff. They both 

witnessed the grant of one of the moieties of Newby, made to the 

monks of Furnes3 by Robert de Boisvill and Margaret his wife. 

Thomas de Golborne paid 33s. 4d. for his relief of the third 

part of one knight's fee, which his father Augustine held of the 

Fee of Makerfield, in Golborne, being at the usual rate of 100s. 

the knight's fee. 

An estate late belonging to Hamon de Mascy, of Dunham 

Mascy, had been temporarily in the King's hands; the issues 

amounted to 8s. The Sheriff may have been directed to take the 

land into the King's hands, until the King's rights had been 

ascertained by inquest and until the heir, if of full age, had done 

homage and fealty and given pledges for the payment of his relief. 

F 



66 THE LANCASHIKE PIPE ROLLS. 

De Scutagto Militum ejusdem Honoris. — On the death of 
Gilbert, son of Fergus, Lord of Galloway, on the 1st January, 1185, 
his nephew Eoland, son of Ughtred son of Fergus, had seized 
upon Galloway, to the disinheritance of Duncan, son and heir of 
Gilbert, the said Duncan being in ward to King Henry II. During 
the summer of 1186, the " Scutage of Galwey " was put in charge, 
and King Henry moved northward to Carlisle, accompanied by 
William of Scotland and David his brother, to head the expedition 
against the intruder. The expedition however, ended at Carlisle 
upon the receipt from Roland of satisfactory promises of submission 
to the King's judgment. Nevertheless, the Scutage, at the rate of 
£1 upon each knight's fee, was put in course of collection from all 
those who had not performed military service by accompanying 
the King in this expedition. 

The Sheriff of Lancaster returned sixty-eight knights' fees and 
the twentieth part of a fee, as all that he was able to find, as held 
of the Honor of Lancaster. Feudatories holding nineteen fees, 
one-sixth part, and one-fourteenth part of a fee, were excused 
their quota by royal writ, as they hud provided esquires to serve 
in the place of the knights reseant in their fees. 

Eoger de Montbegon was excused his quota from six knights' 
fees, which he held of the Honor of Lancaster extra Comitatum de 
Lancastra, Le. in Lincolnshire. 

Eanulph Glanvill was also excused his quota from one knight's 
fee, which he held in Thorpe Bussel, co. Suffolk. 

Roger Esturmy held three knights' fees in Iken and Buxhall, 
lying near the river Ore, a few miles from Oreford, co. Suffolk. 
King Henry had taken into his own hands the fishery which lay 
beneath his Castle of Oreford, which formed part of Esturmy's fee, 
and in compensation now remitted by writ the scutage of one 
knight's fee. 

MAG. ROT. PIP., 34 HENRICI II. (1187-1188). 

(Roll No. 34. m. 4, dorso.) 

Lancastra. 

Gilbertus Pipardus Petrus frater ejus pro eo reddit Compotum 

de xxiiijJi. numero de veteri firma honoris de Lancastra. In terns 

datis Willelmo Marescallo xxiiij.li. et x.s. in Carmel de j. anno et 

tribusjpartibus anni per breve Regis. Et habet de superplus x.s. 

Et idem de Nova firma. In th'ro c. et xxj.li. et vj.s. numero. 
Et in suo superplus x.s. 



ROLL OF 34 HENRY II. (1187-1188). 67 

Et in terris datis Willelmo de Valeinis x.li. in Cofho. Et 
Willeluio filio Walkelini ix.li. in Stainesbi. Et Nigello de 
Greselea iiij.li. et xvj.s. in Drakelawa. Et Engelrano Portario et 
Rogero de Sancto Albino xx.li. in Crokeston. Et Victori lviij.s. in 
Wellingeoura. Et Willelmo Marescallo xxxij.li. in Cartmel. 

E. Q. E. 

Idem r.c. de vj.li. de Cremento de Preston. Et de xij.s. de 

firma de Mereton. Et de ij.s. de quadam Domo escaeta in 

Preston. Et de viij.s. de Clifton. In th'ro lib. in iiij. tallis. 

E. Q. E. 

Idem r.c. de xlv.s. et ij.d. de exitu terrae Kogeri filii Randulfi 
hoc anno. In th'ro lib. E. Q. E. 

Eobertus Archidecanus de Cestre debet as. de misericordia 
pro foresta. Sed de suo nichil invenitur. Agnes Bone table debet 
iij.m. pro recognitione feodi j. militis in Appelton. Sed nichil 
habet. 

Ricardus filius Rogeri r.c. de lxiij.s. pro habenda terra sua 
quam forisfecerat, in misericordia Regis pro filia sua quae erat 
haeres ejus quam dedit sine licentia Regis. In th'ro lib. 

E. Q. R 

De placitis Godefridi de Luci et sociorum ejus. 

Idem Gilbertus r.c. de xiij.s. et iiij.d. de Comuni misericordia. 
Comitatus de Lancastra pro concelatione Placiti Coronce. In th'ro 
viij.s. Et debet v.s. et iiij.d. 

Robertus filius Uchtredi r.c. de lxxv.s. et vj.d. pro licentia 
concordandi versus Alexandrum de Preston. In th'ro xl.s. Et 
debet xxxv.s. et vj.d. 

Comitatus de Lancastra r.c. de xiij.s. et iiij.d. pro habendo 
respectu de placitis forestae. In th'ro lib. E. Q. E. 

De placitis Curiae. 

Willelmus de Furneis r.c. de iiij.li. et xiij.s. et iiij.d. pro fine 
terrae. In th'ro lib. E. Q. E. 

Idem Vicecomes r.c. de xxx.s. et viij.d. de Comitatu de Lan- 
castra pro respectu rewardi forestae. In th'ro iiij.s. et viij.d. Et 
debet xxvj.s. 

De placitis Arnisi de Nevill et sociorum ejus. 

Idem Vicecomes r.c. de xxxvi.li. et xvij.s. et ij.d. de hominibus 

de Lancastra qui manent in foresta pro habendo respectu de 

Rewardo usque ad aliud rewardum. In th'ro xxxij.li. et xiiij.s. et 

viij.d. 

F 2 



68 THE LANCASHIRE PIPE KOLLS. 

Et in perdonis per breve Eegis fratribus Hospitalis vij.s. et vj.d. 
Et debet lxxv.s. 

Idem r.c. de eodem debito. In th'ro lib. K Q. E. 

Stephanus de Waleton r.c. de j.m. pro logia facta in foresta. In 
th'ro lib. E. Q. K 

Walterus de Craven r.c. de ij.m. pro defalta. In th'ro xxj.s. 
Et debet v.s. et viij.d. 

Benedictus de Peninton r.c. de xxxiij.s. et iiij.d. pro defalta. 
In th'ro lib. E. Q. E. 

Henrietta de Billesbure debet xij.d. pro Blado vastato. 

Idem Vicecomes r.c. de iij.s. de misericordia Ada3 filii Ethulf 
pro Blado vastato. Et de iij.s. de Daniel de Euekeston quia non 
habuit quos plegiavit. Et de dim. m. de filio Com de eadem vilJa 
pro eodem. Et iij.s. de Willelmo de Cherselawa pro eodem. 

In donis per breve Eegis fratribus Hospitalis xv.s. et viij.d. 

E. Q. E. 
Arnaldus de Preston r.c. de iij.s. de misericordia. In th'ro lib. 

E. Q. E. 
Adam de Blakeburn debet iiij.s. pro defalta. 
Robertus Archidecanus Cestre debet xl.m. pro defalta. 
Eicardus de Harewuda debet v.s. pro defalta. 

De ollatis Curicc. 

Simon films Uckeman de Kertmel r.c. de iiij.li. et ix.s. et iiij.d. 
pro habenda terra et Ministerio Patris sui. In th'ro lxxvj.s. et 
iiij.d. Et debet xiij.s. 

Idem Vicecomes reddit c. de xxx.s. de Scutagio Galweie. In 
th'ro x.s. per Tedbaldum Walteri. Et debet xx.s. 

Idem Vicecomes reddit c. de xx.s. de Scutagio Eoberti Bertram. 
In th'ro lib. E. Q. E. 

Nova Placita et Novcc Conventiones per Godcfridum de Lud et Josce- 
linum Archidecanum Cicestriemcm et Willclmum le Vavassur. 

Willelmu8 filius Mickaelis r.c. de xx.s. pro licentia concondandi. 
In th'ro lib. E. Q. E. 

Idem Vicecomes r.c. de ii j.m. de Lonesdala Wapentachio pro 
concelatione placiti Corona?. In th'ro lib. E. Q. E. 

Idem Vicecomes r.c. de ij.m. de Fourneis Wapentachio pro 
eodem. In th'ro lib. E. Q. E. 

Idem Vicecomes r.c de iiij.m. pro concelatione placiti coronae 
de Lailand Wapentachio. In th'ro xlix.s. 



BOLL OF 34 HENRY II. (1187-1188). 69 

Et in Perdonis per breve Regis fratribus Hospitalis iiij.s. et 
iiij.d. E. Q. E. 

Idem Vicecomes r.c. de xx.s. de Derebi Wapentachio pro con- 
celatione placiti coronae. In th'ro lib. E. Q. E. 

Eadulfus de Dunun r.c. de j.in. quia retraxit se. In th'ro dim. 
m. Et debet dim. m. 

Eadulfus de Fedesham r.c. de dim. m. pro eodem. In th'ro ij.s. 
Et debet iiij.s. et viij.d. 

Idem Vicecomes r.c. de iiij.m. de Blakeburne Wapentachio pro 
concelatione placiti Coronce. In th'ro lib. E. Q. E. 

Willelmus filius Michaelie debet dim. m. quia retraxit se de 
appellatione sua. Orm filius Dolfin debet dim. m. pro licentia 
concordandi. Robertus filius Uchtredi debet j.m. quia non habuit 
quern plegiavit. Robertus de Stokeport debet dim. m. quia quern 
plegiavit retraxit se. Willelmus filius Roscelin debet dim. m. quia 
retraxit se de appellatione sua. Simon filius Evrardi debet dim. m. 
pro veteri misericordia. Willelmus filius Jacobi debet dim. m. quia 
retraxit se. Annas de Preston debet vj.m. quia retraxit se de 
appellatione sua. Adam et Galfridus Brim debent dim. m. quia 
retraxerunt se. Gilbertus de Samelesbure debet dim. m. quia 
retraxit se. Willelmus filius Blie debet dim. m. pro eodem. 
Unfridus filius Warini debet lx.s. pro Recreantisa. 

De his qui totum rcddidertmt. 

Idem Vicecomes r.c. de xiiij.li. et vj.s. et viij.d. de Minutis 
"misericordiis bominum quorum nomina et debita et causae debit- 
orum annotantur in Rotulo praedictorum quern liberaverunt in 
th'ro. In th'ro lib. in xxxvj. tallis. E. Q. E. 

Idem Vicecomes r.c. de viij.s. de terra Hamonis de Masci. In 
th'ro lib. E. Q. E. 

Henricu8 filius Normanni de Redeman debet j.m. ut finis factus 
inter eum et Ketellum filium Uchtredi de terra de Levenes re- 
cordetur in Curia Regis de Donacione illius terrae quam Ketellus 
concessit Henrico et Haeredibus suis cujus medietatem Henricus 
tenebit in Dominico suo et Ketellus tenebit aliam Medietatem de 
Henrico per idem Servicium quod Henricus inde facit capitali 
Domino. 

NOTES ON THE PIPE ROLL OF 34 HENRY II. (MICH. 1187-MICH. 1188). 

The Sheriff had still to account for the balance of £24 remaining 
due for the ferm of the previous year. He does so by claiming 
allowance for the ferm of land in Cartmel for a period of one 



70 THE LANCASHIRE PIPE ROLLS. 

year and nine months, which King Henry had recently granted 
to William Marshall. It is not quite clear whether the original 
grant was of fourteen librates, dating from Christmas, 1185 (on 
which basis the ferm for one year and nine months would amount 
to £24 105.), or of thirty-two librates, dating from Christmas, 1186 
(in which case the ferm for nine months would amount to £24), 
the statements in the Eoll being somewhat contradictory. In the 
account of the current year, the Sheriff claimed allowance for 
thirty-two librates, and in one or two subsequent years for thirty- 
three librates, the difference between the two sums being pro- 
bably a matter of adjustment between the Sheriff and the Treasury. 
It is however quite clear that the grant ultimately consisted of 
thirty-two librates. 

Cartmel contained nine carucates of land, probably held in 
bondage. The large contribution to the ferm of the Honor, 
suggests carucates of considerable acreage, and receipts from other 
sources, such as mills, fisheries, etc. 

In the year 1189, William Marshall espoused Isabel, daughter 
and heir of Richard de Clare, by which marriage he acquired the 
Earldom of Pembroke. Between September, 1189, and Easter, 
1194, 1 he founded at Cartmel a priory of Canons Eegular of St. 
Augustine, having induced some of the monks of that Order to 
transfer themselves to that new foundation, from the priory 
founded in 1142, by William de Evreux, Lord of Salisbury, at 
Bradenstoke, in Wiltshire. 

The Sheriff still owed 30$. on account of the " Scutage of 
Galwey," towards which he received 10s. collected by, or due from, 
Theobald Walter. He also accounted for 20s. received from 
Robert Bertram for the scutage of one knight's fee in Frettenham, 
co. Norfolk, which had not been included in his account of the 
collection of the scutage the previous year. 

Nova placita et NoViE Conventiones. — The Eyre of the 

1 Tanner attributes this foundation to the year 1188, apparently upon the 
strength of a Fine levied at Weetminster, on the octave of St. Hillary, 9 John, 
between William, Prior of Cartmel, and Ralph de Beetham, respecting tho common 
fishery in the river Kent, which Fine he erroneously attributes to the 1 Richard I. 
The charter of foundation, however, declares that William Marshall made the 
grant of Cartmel in frankalmoign, and for the health of the souls [inter alia] of 
King Richard and his, the founder's, wife Isabel, whom he married in the year 
1189, shortly before Richard's coronation, which took place on the 3rd September, 
1189. It is therefore probable that the foundation was made after September, 1189, 
and before Johr, Count of Mortain, the King's brother (who confirmed William 
Marshall's grant), lost his Lancashire fief. 



BOLL OF 34 HENRY II. (1187-1188). 71 

Justices, in the year 1187, appears to have been continued after 
Michaelmas by Godfrey de Lucy, Josceline, Archdeacon of Ciren- 
cester, and William le Vavasour. Fines for the concealment of 
Pleas of the Crown had been imposed upon the whole county as 
follows : — Lonsdale wapentake, 3 marks ; Furness wap., 2 marks ; 
Leyland wap., 4 marks, less 4s. 4d., excused to the brethren of the 
Hospital of St. John of Jerusalem ; West Derby wap., 20s. ; and 
Blackburn wap., 4 marks. 

William, son of Michael [le Fleming of Furness], gave 20s. for 
licence to concord, and also owed half a mark for having with- 
drawn from his appeal. Robert de Stockport, Lord of Macclesfield, 
owed half a mark for having withdrawn himself as surety for some 
one. Eleven others owed various sums for fines imposed by the 
Justices, but, with the exception of Robert, son of Ughtred de 
Singleton, Orm, son of Dolfin, who held lands in Orgreave, in 
Furness, and William, son of Rosceline, lord of Ribchester, under 
Robert de Lacy, who also held a knight's fee in Hainford, co. 
Norfolk, of the Honor of Lancaster, of the fee of William Blundel, 
I have not been able to identify the others. Humphrey, son of 
Warin, had incurred the fine of 60s. for recreancy, probably in 
absenting himself upon the occasion of a wager by battla 

In connection with the same Eyre, the Sheriff had paid into the 
Treasury, in thirty-six tallies, the sum of £14 6s. 8d., which he 
had collected from those who had already paid in full the fines 
imposed upon them by the Justices. The Roll supplies no details 
of their names nor the cause of their respective fines. 

Henry, son of Norman de Redman, a military tenant of de 
Lancaster, in Yealand, co. Lane, and elsewhere in co. Westmor- 
land, proffered 1 mark in order that the Fine levied between 
himself and Ketel, son of Ughtred, concerning the territory of 
Levens in Westmorland, should be inscribed upon the Roll of the 
Curia Regis. By this agreement Ketel granted to the said Henry 
and his heirs the whole of the Manor of Levens, one moiety to be 
held by the said Henry in his demesne, the other to be held by 
Ketel of the said Henry by an equivalent service to that which 
Henry rendered to the chief lord for the same. Levens was parcel 
of the Barony of Kendal, and from that day to the present time 
has continued in two moieties, called, respectively, Over and Nether 
Levens. 



72 THE LANCASHIKE PIPE ROLLS. 

MAG. EOT. PIR, 35 HENRICI II. (1188-1189). 

(Roll No. 35. ra. 1, dorso.) 
Laneastra. 

Gilbertus Pipardus reddit Compotum de cc.li. numero de lirma 
de Laneastra. In th'ro xl.li. et xiij.s. numero. Et in terris datis 
Willelmo de Valeines x.li. in Cofho. Et Willelmo filio Walkelini 
ix.li. in Stainesbia. Et Nigello de Greselea iiij.li. et xvj.s. in 
Drakelawa. Et Engelrano Portario et Rogero de Sancto Albino 
xx.li. in Crokestoii. Et Victori lviij.s. in Wellingoura. Et 
Willelmo Mareacallo xxxiij.li. in Cartmel. Et Johanni Comiti 
Moritouiae l.li. de quarta parte anni et Amodo totum. Et debet 
xxix.li. et xiij.s. Sed Requirendi sunt a Stephano Ridel qui cepit 
in manu coram Cancellario et thesaurio et aliis Baronibus Scaccarii 
ad reddendos illos pro Comite Johanne qui eos habuerat. 

Idem r.c. de vj.s. de firma de Mereton. Et de iiij.s. de firma de 
Clyfton quos acceperat antequam Comes Moritoniae eas haberet 
per Regem. In th'ro lib. in ij. tallis. E. Q. E. 

Robertus Archidecanus de Cestre debet c.s. de misericordia 
Regis pro foresta. Sed nichil habet. 

Agnes Bonetable debet iiij.m. pro recognitione feodi j. militis in 
Appelton. Sed nichil habet. 

De placitis Godefridi de Luci et Sociorum ejus. 

Idem Vicecomes debet v.s. et iiij.d. de Communi misericordia 
Comitatus de Laneastra pro concelatione Placitorum Coronae, qui 
requirendi sunt in Dominio Alberti Gresle. 

Robertus filius Uchtredi r.c. de xxxv.s. et vj.d. pro licentia 
concordandi versus Alexandruin de Preston. In th'ro x.s. Et 
debet xxv.s. et vj.d. 

Idem Vicecomes [r.c. de] xxvj.s. de Comitatu de Laneastra pro 
respectu rewardi forest*, qui exigendi sunt a Tedbaldo Walteri. 

Walterus de Craven deb. v.s. et viij.d. pro defalta. Henricus 
de Billesbure debet xij.d. pro Blado vastato. 

Adam de Blakeburn r.c. de iiij.s. pro defalta. In th'ro lib. 

E. Q. E. 

Robertus Archidecanus Cestre debet xl.ra. pro defalta. Ricar- 
dus de Harewuda debet v.s. pro defalta. 

Simon filius Uckeman r.c. de xiij.s. pro habenda terra et 
Ministerio Patris sui. In th'ro xj.s. Et debet ij.s. 

Idem Vicecomes debet xx.s. de Scutagio Galweie qui exigendi 
sunt a Rogero Esturmi. 



EOLL OF 35 HENKY II. (1188-1189). 73 

Be Placitis Godefridi de Luci et Sociorum ejus. 

Eadulfus de Dunun deb. dim. m. quia retraxit se. Eadulfus 
de Fedesham debet iiij.s. et viij.d. pro eodem. Willelmus filius 
Michaelis debet dim. m. quia retraxit se. Orm filius Dolfin debet 
dim. m. pro licentia concordandi. Eobertus filius Uchtredi debet 
j.m. quia non habuit quern plegiavit. Eobertus de Stokeport debet 
dim. m. quia quum plegiavit retraxit se. Willelmus filius Roscelin 
debet dim. m. quia retraxit se. Simon filius Evrardi r.c. de dim. 
m. pro veteri moneta. In thVo v.s. Et debet xx.d. Willelmus 
filius Jacobi r.c. de dim. m. quia retraxit se. In th'ro lib. 

E. Q. E. 

Annas de Preston debet vj.m. quia retraxit ee de appellatione sua. 
Adam et Galfridus Brun debent dim. m. pro eodem. Gilbertus de 
Samelesbure debet dim. m. pro eodem. Willelmus filius Blie debet 
dim. m. pro eodem. Unfridus filius Warin debet lx.s. pro lie- 
creantisa. 

NOTES ON THE PIPE ROLL OF 35 HENRY II. (MICH. 1188-MICH. 1189). 

On Thursday, July 6th, 1189, King Henry died at Chinon, in 
the province of Touraine. 

Immediately after his accession, King Richard granted to his 
brother John, Count of Mortain, the castles and Honors of Marl- 
borough, Lancaster, including the whole county, Ludgershall, the 
Peak, and Bolsover ; the town and Honor of Nottingham, and 
the Honors of Wallingford and Tickhill without the castles ; 
the Counties of Derby, Devon, Dorset, Somerset, and Cornwall. 
(Hoveden, III. pref. p. xxv.) Besides this princely estate, John 
had previously received the great Gloucester inheritance with 
his wife Isabel, daughter and heiress of William, Earl of 
Gloucester. 

Gilbert Pipard, in rendering his account, answers for nine 
months of the year only, claiming allowance for £50 of the 
ferm of the Honor for the fourth part of the year, the period 
during which the Honor had been in the hands of Count John, 
and after that he claims allowance for the whole. After allowing 
for the various grants, which had at this time reduced the net 
ferm of the Honor to the sum of £120 6s., and after taking credit 
for the payment of £40 13s. to the Treasury, a balance of £29 13s. 
still remained due from the Sheriff, who, however, explained that 
this sum was to be claimed from Stephen Ridel, who had taken it 
in the presence of the Chancellor and Treasurer and other Barons 



7-t THE LANCASHIRE PIPE ROLLS. 

of the Exchequer, on Count John's behalf, who had received that 
sum. 

The remainder of the Roll consists of the recapitulation of 
debts still due on account of the Eyre of Godfrey de Lucy and 
his associates. These debts all re-appear five years later, after 
King Richard had resumed possession of the Honor of Lancaster, 
about Easter, 1194. 



MAG. ROT. PIP., 2 RICARDI I. (1189-1190). 
From the Westmorland Pipe Roll. 

Osbertus de Longo Campo r.c. de lviij.li. et x.s. et iij.d. numero 
de firma de Westmerieland cum Noutegeldo de dimidio anno, 
per juratam duodecim Militum ejusdem Honoris per pneceptum 
Willelmi Elyensis Episcopi, Cancellarii domini Regis. In th'ro 
Nichil 

Et in suo Superplus de Exitu terrarum et Catallorum qui 
aufugeruut pro assultu Judaeorum xliij.li. et xiiij.s. et viij.d. 

Et in Quietantia terrarum Alani de Valeines j.m. de dimidio 
anno per Cartam domini Regis quam habet. Et in Quietantia 
terrse Gillberti filii Renfridi vij.lL et iij.s. et ij.d. de Notegeldo et 
consuetudine de dimidio anno. 

Et Eidem Gillberto iiij.li. et ix.s. et j.d. de Kendala quam Rex 
ei dedit de dimidio anno. 

Et Eidem Gillberto Ls. in Piscaria de Kendala de dimidio anno. 

E. Q. K 

NOTES ON THE PIPE ROLL OF 2 RICHARD I. 
(MICH. 1189-MICH. 1190). 

By a Charter dated at York, the 15th of April, in the first year 
of his reign (1190), King Richard granted and confirmed to Gilbert, 
son of Roger fitz Reinfred, the whole Forest of Westmorland, of 
Kendal and of Furness, to hold in fee, together with six librates 
of land in Kendal, as freely as William de Lancaster I., son of 
Gilbert, and Nigel de Albini had held the same; further con- 
ceding that what was waste in the woods of Westmorland and 
Kendal, in the time of the said William de Lancaster I., should 
still continue waste, excepting the purpresture made by the licence 
and consent of the Lords of the fief of Westmorland and Kendal, 
under whom the said Gilbert had hitherto held his estates. By 
two other Charters, of about the same date, King Richard further 



ROLL OP 6 RICHARD I. (1193-1194). 75 

granted that the Noutgeld or Cornage payment of £14 6s. 4d. 
per annum, which Gilbert and his predecessors had long paid in 
commutation of the original render in cattle, should be converted 
into the service of one knight ; that the customary suit of Shire, 
Wapentake or Tithing and tallage of Sheriff or Bailiff, should be 
wholly remitted ; and that the said Gilbert's estate in Levens, 
Farleton, Beethain, Preston-Eichard, Holme, Burton, Hincaster, 
Preston-Patrick and Lupton, and the fishery appurtenant to those 
lands, should likewise be held by the service of one knight, in lieu 
of Cornage and other customary services rendered for the same. 

In the year 1166, William de Lancaster I. is returned as 
holding two knights' fees " de novo feoffamento " under Roger de 
Mowbray, son and successor of Nigel de Albini. These two fees 
were the Lordship or reputed Barony of Kendal, which, although 
returned as held in capite, was as a matter of fact a member of the 
Barony of Westmorland, at that time the possession of Hugh de 
Morvill. There is some uncertainty as to whether this Barony 
continued in the Crown after de Morvill's forfeiture in 1171, or 
was re-granted to Theobald de Valoines, whose daughter Berta 
was the wife of Banulph de Glanvill, the Justiciar. It was, 
however, in the King's hands immediately after the accession of 
Eichard I., and that sovereign, in consideration of Gilbert fitz 
Eeinfred's proffer of 200 marks and £100, separated Kendal from 
that Barony, converted the former into a fee held directly of 
the Crown, and granted remission of the Noutgeld or Cornage 
service. 

MAG. EOT. PIP., 6 EICAEDI I. (1193-1194). 

(Boll No. 40. ra. 9.) 

Lancastra. 

Theobaldus Walteri reddit Compotum de cli. de firma de 
Lancastra de dimidio anno numero. In thesauro xlvj.li. et iij.s. 
numero. 

Et in terris datis Willelmo de Valeines c.s. in Cofho de dimidio 
anno. Et Willelmo filio Walkeline iiij.li. et x.s. in Stainesbia 
de eodem termino. Et Nigello de Greselea xlviij.s. in Brakelawa 
de eodem termino. Et Engelranno Portario et Eogero de Sancto 
Albino x.li. in Crokeston de dimidio anno . Et Victori xxix.s. in 
Wellingoura de dimidio anno. Et Willelmo Marescallo xvj.li. 
et x.s. in Cartmel de dimidio anno. Et (sic, and a space). Et 



76 THE LANCASHIRE PIPE BOLLS. 

in defalta Instauranienti de Lancastra, scilicet de xv. Carrucis de 
Dominii8 Eegis ejusdem honoris vij.li. et x.s. de dimidio anno. Et 
de xv. vaccariis vij.li. et x.s. de dimidio anno. Et de quater xx. 
equabus xl.s. de dimidio anno. Et de c. ovibus x.s. de dimidio 
anno. Et debet vj.li. et x.s. numero. Sed calumpniatuT quod 
■debent ei computari in Navenebi quam Eobertus Euffus habet per 
Eegera. 

Eobertus Archidecanus Cestrae debet c!s. de misericordia Eegis 
pro foresta. Sed nichil habet. Agnes bone table debet iiij.m. pro 
reeognitione feodi j. militis in Appelton. Sed nichil habet 

De placitis Godefridi de Luci et Sodorum ejus. 

Idem Theobaldus debet v.s. et iiij.d. de Communi misericordia 
honoris de Lancastra pro concelatione Placitorum Coronae, qui 
requerendi sunt in Dominio Alberti Gresle. 

Eobertus filius Uchtredi debet xxv.s. et vj.d. pro licentia 
concordandi versus Alexandrum de Preston. 

Idem Theobaldus debet xxvj.s. de honore de Lancastra pro 
respectu Eewardi forestae. Walterus de Craven debet v.s. et viij.d. 
pro defalta. Henricus de Billesbure debet xij.d. pro Blado vastato. 
Eobertus Archidecanus Cestre debet xl.m. pro defalta. Eicardus 
de Harewuda debet v.s. pro defalta. Simon filius Uckeman debet 
ij.8. pro habenda terra et Ministerio Patris sui. 

Idem Theobaldus debet xx.s. de Scutagio Galweie qui exigendi 
sunt a Eogero Esturmi. 

Eadulfus de Dunum debet dim. m. quia retraxit se. 

Eadulf us de Fedesham debet iiij.s. et viij.d. pro eodem. Willel- 
mus filius Michaelis debet dim. m. pro eodem. Orm filius Dolfin 
debet dim. m. pro licentia concordandi. Eobertus filius Uchtredi 
debet j.m. quia non habuit quern plegiavit. Eobertus de Stokeport 
debet dim. m. quia quum plegiavit retraxit se. Willelmus filius 
Eoscelin debet dim. m. quia retraxit se. Simon filius Evrardi 
debet xx.d. pro veteri Moneta. 

Annas de Preston debet vj.m. quia retraxit se appellatione sua. 
Adam et Galfridus Brun debent dim. m. pro eodem. Gilbertus 
de Samelesbure debet dim. m. pro eodem. Willelmus filius Blie 
debet dim. m. pro eodem. 

Unfridu8 filius Walteri Warin debet lx.s. pro Eecreantisa. 



BOLL OF 6 RICHARD I. (1193-1194). 77 

Nova placita et Nova: Conventions dcfinibus fcuctis in Lancastra 
pro habenda benevolentia Regis. Scilicet de hominibus Comitis 
Johannis. 

Adam de Kellet r.c* de xx.m. pro habenda benevolentia Regis. 
In th'ro xv.m. Et debet v.m. 

Henricus de Rademan r.c. de c. et xx.m. pro eodem. In th'ro 
xxj.li. et vj.s. et viij.d. Et debet lviij.li. et xiij.s. et iiij.d. De 
quibus debet reddere per annum lx.m. 

• Benedictus Gernet r.c. de xx.li. ut teneat in pace terras et 
forestam unde saisitus est ut de haereditate sua. In th'ro x.li. et 
Debet x.li. 

Adam filius Osberti r.c. de x.m. pro habenda benevolentia 
Regis. In th'ro iiij.li. et vj.s. et viij.d. Et debet xlvj.s. et viij.d. 

Gil&ertus de Croft r.c. de x.m. pro eodem. In th'ro iiij.li. 
Et debet liij.s. et iiij.d. 

Ricardus de Molinell r.c. de as. pro eodem. In th'ro iiij.li. 
et xij.s. et iiij.d. Et debet vij.s. et viij.d. 

Henricus Falconarius r.c. de xv.m. pro eodem. In th'ro viij.li. 
et xiij.s. et iiij.d. Et debet xxvj.s. et viij.d. 

Robertus clericus de Waleton r.c. de xxx.m. pro eodem. In 
th'ro xiij.li. et vj.s. Et debet vi.li. et x.s. 

Walterus de Paries r.c. de as. pro eodem. In th'ro iiij.li. et 
xiij.s. Et debet vij.s. 

Willelmus Pincerna r.c. de xxx.m. pro eodem. In th'ro viij.li. 
xiij.lL et dim. m. Et debet x.m. 

Rogerus de Middelton r.c. de v.m. pro esse ut habeat saisinam 

terra suaB. In th'ro j.m. Et debet iiij.m. 

Alan us filius Outi r.c. de viij.m. pro eodem. In th'ro lib. 

E. Q. E 

Robertus filius Henrici r.c. de xx.m. pro habenda pace et 
benevolentia Regis. In th'ro vij.li. Et debet vj.li. et vj.s. et 
viij.d. 

Adam de Biri r.c. de v.m. pro eodem. In th'ro l.s. Et debet 
xvj.8. et viij.d. 

Willelmus de Radecliva r.c. de v.m. pro eodem. In th'ro lx.s. 
Et deb. vj.8. et viij.d. 

Ricardus de Wermeston r.c. de xl.s. pro eodem. In th'ro xx.s. 
Et debet xx.s. 

Robertus de Prestwich r.c. de iiij.m. pro eodem. In th'ro iij.m. 
Et deb. j.m. 



78 THE LANCASHIRE PIPE BOLLS. 

Jordanus Decanus de Mammecestre r.c. de xx.li. pro Servitio 
Comitis Johannis. In th'ro c.s. Et deb. xv.li. 

Hugo Buissel r.c. de xl.m. de fine Relevii sui quae fecit cum 
Comite Johanne. In th'ro x.m. Et debet xxx.m. 

De his qui totum reddiderunt. 

Idem Theobaldus r.c. de xx.m. de fine Willelmi de Kellet pro 
habenda benevolentia domini Regis. Et de x.m. de Willelmo 
de Furneis pro eodem. Et de xx.m. de Danielo Clerico pro 
eodem. Et de x.m. de Willelmo de Hest pro eodem. Et de x.m. 
de Adam de Hessein pro eodem. Et de c.s. de Galfrido de 
Gersingeham pro eodem. Et de xl.s. de Johanne clerico pro 
eodem. Et de xl.s. de Roberto filio Gillemighel pro eodem. Et 
de xLs. de Gilberto de Waleton pro eodem. Et de xx.s. de 
Ricardo de Ditton pro eodem. Et de xLs. de Henrico de Hoilanda 
pro eodem. Et de j.m. de Henrico de Mellinges pro eodem. Et 
de x.m. de Matheo Gernet quia fuit in exercitu de Kendala cum 
hominibus [Comitis Johannis] ut habeat saisinam terrse unde 
dissaisitus fuit Et de iij.m. de Hugone de Hage pro pace et 
benevolentia Regis habenda. Et de iiij.m. de Adam de Chernoch 
pro eodem. Summa lxxij.li. et j.m. In th'ro lib. in xv. tallis. 

EQ.E. 

Robertus filius Osberti debet as. pro habenda benevolentia 
Regis. 

Abbas de Furneis r.c de D.m. pro confirmandis Cartis suis et 
habendis libertatibus suis secundum Cartas suas et pro habendo 
recto versus Rogerum 1 Gilbertum filium Renfridi de terra de 
Newebi et de Motton* et pro habendis Catallis suis. In th'ro 
cc.m. Et debet ccam. Idem r.c. de eodem debito. In th'ro lib. 

R Q. K 

De Scidagio Mllitum de Lancastra ad Eedemptionem domini Regis. 

Idem Theobaldus r.c. de lxxij.li. et vj.s. et viij.d. de Scutagio 
Militum honoris de Lancastra. In th'ro xlvij.li. et vj.s. 

Et in perdonis per breve Regis Roberto Gresle xij.li. pro xij. 
militibus quia abierunt cum Rege in Normannia sicut idem 
Tedbaldus dicit Et Henrico Falconario xx.s. pro j. milite per 
breve Regis. Et Rannulfo de Albervilla xx.s. pro j. milite per 
breve Regis. Et debet xj.li. et viij.d. Idem r.c. de eodem debito. 
In th'ro bcs. Et deb. viij.li. et viij.d. 

1 " Rogerum " interlined above " Gilbertum." 
8 Sic. Probably intended for " Monlanis." 



ROLL OF 6 RICHARD I. (1193-1194). 79 

Idem Theobaldus r.c. de lxx.li. et iij.s. de Auxilio Carrucatarum 
tense honoris de Lancastra. In th'ro lib. E. Q. E. 

Idem Theobaldus r.c. de xxx.s. de Exitu terrae de Boebi quae 
fuit Advocati de Betton de quarta parte anni. In th'ro lib. 

E. Q. E. 

NOTES ON THE PIPE ROLL OF 6 RICHARD I. 
(EASTER 1194-MICH. 1194). 

From the death of Henry II., in July, 1189, until Easter, 1194, 
the Honor and County of Lancaster were in the possession of 
John, Count of Mortain. He made by charter during that period 
numerous grants of land, which he confirmed after his accession 
to the throne. 

The history of this period so closely affects the Honor of 
Lancaster, that a brief notice of some of the events which happened 
during the years 1189-1194, may not be considered altogether out 
of place. 

Richard arrived in England in August, 1189; his coronation 
took place on the 3rd September, and on the 11th December he 
departed for Palestine to take part in the Crusade against Saladin, 
leaving William Longchamp, in the office of Chancellor, to con- 
duct the affairs of the kingdom. Before his departure, the King 
released his brother John from the oath by which he had under- 
taken to absent himself from the kingdom for three years, trust- 
ing to Queen Eleanor to keep him under control. John, however, 
at once set himself to defeat the pretensions of Arthur of Brittany, 
who had been recognised as heir to the crown, and set about 
securing the succession to himself, in case of accident to Eichard. 
In the attainment of this object he received a good deal of 
sympathy from the barons ; but owing to the energetic action of 
Longchamp and the influence of Eleanor, his intrigues were frus- 
trated until the news arrived in February, 1193, that Eichard had 
been captured while passing through Austria on his way home. 

Upon the deposition of Longchamp in October, 1191, the 
conduct of affairs had been placed in the hands of the Justiciar, 
Walter of Coutances, Archbishop of Eouen, who, in spite of the 
rebellion of John, was endeavouring, during the spring of 1193, 
to raise the sum of 150,000 marks, which had been demanded for 
the King's ransom. Before, however, this sum had been raised, by 
the various means of a scutage of 205. on the knight's fee, a tallage, 
hidage and carucage, and the exaction of one-fourth of the revenue 



80 THE LANCASHIRE PIPE ROLLS. 

or goods of every person in the realm, he resigned office, and 
was succeeded at Christmas, 1193, by Hubert Walter, Archbishop 
of Canterbury, brother of Theobald Walter, afterwards Sheriff of 
Lancaster. As nephews and pupils of Ranulf Glanvill, a former 
Justiciar, both had been constant attendants at the Court of 
Henry II. during the latter years of his reign. On the failure of 
the Crusade, Hubert Walter had led back the English army ; he 
had visited the King during his captivity, and had been sent home 
by him to raise the ransom and to be made Archbishop. His 
appointment as Justiciar was almost immediately followed by a 
complete victory over John, and during February and March, 
1194, he was engaged in the reduction of John's castles. Many of 
John's Lancashire dependents had taken part in the rebellion, and 
had gathered at Kendal in support of their chief lord. They pro- 
bably surrendered themselves to Theobald Walter, upon hearing 
of the King's release. 

On the 30th March, a great court and council was held at 
Nottingham, at which many Sheriffs were removed and appointed 
to other magistracies or others appointed in their places. Doubt- 
less on this occasion Theobald Walter was appointed Sheriff of 
Lancaster. On the following day Eichard demanded from the 
Court a sentence of outlawry against his brother John and Hugh 
de Novant, Bishop of Chester, who had been John's chief adviser. 
The Court decided that they should be summoned, and, in default 
of appearance within forty days, John was to be banished and 
Hugh put on trial. The King departed for Normandy on the 
12th May, and shortly after became reconciled with John, re- 
storing to him the County of Mortain, the Earldom of Gloucester, 
and the Honor of Eye, and granting him a pension in lieu of his 
other estates. The Honor of Lancaster was retained in the King's 
hands. 

The Pipe Roll for the 6 Richard I. refers principally to the 
fifth year of that reign ; but being drawn up at Michaelmas, 1194, 
it is entitled the Roll of the 6th year of King Richard. 

There are several new items affecting the Corpus Comitatus 
this year. The entry relating to the twenty librates of land 
in Croxton Keyriall, which Henry II. had granted to Engeran le 
Porter 1 and Roger de St. Aubin (page 32), has been underlined 

1 The following account of this family has been extracted from the register of the 
Abbey of Croxton, and printed by Dugdale, in the Mo nasi icon, Vol. VI. p. 877 : — 
* " Croxton. Ingeram le Porter came in at the Conquest and had two-thirds of 



KOLL OF 6 RICHARD I. (1193-1194). 81 

for cancellation. From an entry in the Roll of the following 
year, it appears that this land had been temporarily in Count 
John's hands, that two-thirds of it were restored to Hugh le 
Porter {Janitor), son of Engeran, by King Richard ; the other third 
remaining as an escheat in the King's hands, until some years 
later, 

By a charter, dated at Winchester on Friday after the King's 
second coronation, viz. April 22nd, 5 Richard 1., 1194, the King 
granted to Theobald Walter, for his homage and service, the 
whole of Amoundernes8, to hold in capita, by the service of 
three knights' fees. The following are the details of the grant: — 
The town of Preston, with the whole demesne appurtenant thereto, 
the whole of the demesne lands in Amounderness, and the service 
of the knights holding fees by knight's service, together with 
the service of all the free tenants there; the Wapentake with 
all pleas, and the Forest of Amounderness with venison and all 
pleas of the Forest; pleas of the Crown only excepted. The 
Charter was witnessed by Hubert, Archbishop of Canterbury, 
the grantee's brother; Hugh, Bishop of Durham; Gilbert, Bishop 
of Rochester ; Ranulph, Earl of Chester ; Earl Roger Bigod ; Earl 
David 1 ; William of the church of St. Mary, Archdeacon of Wilt- 
shire ; William Marshall, Geoffrey fitz Peter, Hugh Bardolf, Geoffrey 
de Say, Robert de Tregoz, William Poole, and Robert de Quinci. 

By this grant all the revenues of the crown from Amounderness, 

Corsham and Culington. He had two sons, William and Hugh . . . When 
the towns of Croxton and Segbroke were in the hands of King Henry II., he was 
pleased to make an exchange of them with Wdliam le Porter for Corsham and 
Cunington, and so the >aid William held the said towns all his life. After his 
death, his brother Hugh le Porter succeeded, and entered into seisin of Croxton 
and Segbroke ; but the Earl of Gloucester (John, Count of Mortain), who had the 
Honor of Eje at that time, prevented his seisin of Segbroke. Afterwards, when 
King Richard was in captivity in Germany, Count John his brother, stirring up 
war in England, more particularly at Notingham, gave Croxton to Hubert de 
Burgh, his chamberlain. Six months later, however, the said Hugh ie Porter, being 
in Normandy, King Richard returned to England and the said Hugh with him, 
whereupon all Count John's associates were driven forth (dispersi) and Hugh le 
Porter long time after possessed in peace the lordship of the town of Croxton." 

The same authority states that Masilia de Apegard, who held the remaining 
third part of Corsham and Culington, iu the same way exchanged her portion with 
Henry II. for one- third of Croxton and Segebroks. She was succeeded by her 
daughter Sorozina, from whom, or through whom, it passed to Roger de St. Aubin. 

The chronicler has erroneously described Croiton as held of the Honor of Eye. 
It was clearly parcel of the Honor of Lancaster. 

1 J)a\id of Scotland, Karl of Huntingdon. 

G 



82 THK LANCASHIRE PIPE ROLLS. 

excepting pleas of the crown, were given to Theobald Walter, and 
in the present Eoll we should consequently have expected to find 
him, in his capacity of Sheriff, claiming allowance of a sum 
equivalent to the loss of ferm consequent upon that grant. 

As already stated elsewhere (page 6), the Sheriff, as farmer of 
the issues of the Honor, undertook to pay annually to the Ex- 
chequer the sum of £200 numero, subject to the deduction of 
such moneys as he had paid away in compliance with the King's 
or Viceroy's writs, or in consideration of the King having granted 
lands out of the royal estate, which consequently no longer con- 
tributed their quota to the revenue of the Honor. The King's 
grant to Theobald Walter would include the following items of 
revenue, partly ascertained and partly estimated : — 

£ 
The ferm of the town of Preston, included in the 

Corpus Comitatus ... ... ... ... 9 

The increment accounted for separately since the 

grant of the Charter of Liberties ... ... 6 

The service of the free tenants of Amounderness 

(estimated) ... ... ... ... ... 10 

The issues of the demesne lands of Amounderness 

(estimated to arise from nine carucates of land) 9 
The Forest of Wyresdale with fifteen vaccaries 

(estimated) ... ... ... ... ... 15 

Perquisites of the County within the Wapentake, 

JZioOllCtlLo, "LO. ... ... ... ... ... X 

Total £50 

But as a matter of fact, no reduction of ferm was claimed by 

Theobald Walter on account of this grant, during the whole period 

of his tenure of office ; an omission very difficult to explain. He 

did, however, claim allowance for loss of revenue on account of 

the deficiency of live stock in the demesne lands of the County, 

a deficiency probably the result of drafts made by Count John,, 

before the recent rebellion, with the object of preparing hia 

castles for the exigencies of a siege. The details of the claim 

are as follows : — 

£ 

By the deficiency of fifteen plough teams, necessary 

to till as many carucates of the royal estate ... 15 

Ditto of the annual produce from fifteen vaccaries... 15 



ROLL OF G RICHARD I. (1193-1194). 83 

£ 
Ditto of the annual produce of four score brood 

XUcwX \3»5 ••• ••• ■•• ••• >•■ ••• jc 

Ditto of the annual produce of a long hundred of 

breeding ewes 1 

This remission of ferm was continued for two years, until at 
the making up of the accounts at Michaelmas, 1196, the Pipe 
Roll shows that the sum of £97 had been allocated that year 
for the purchase of stock and some implements, with which to 
re-habilitate the demesne lands. But the money was never laid 
out, and after King John's accession, and Theobald's subsequent 
removal from office, the latter was compelled to re-fund this sum. 

It is difficult to offer any satisfactory explanation of the 
omission to claim allowance for this grant. No doubt the Trea- 
sury had been exhausted by the necessity of providing the 
enormous sum demanded for the King's ransom. During the 
spring of 1194, the King made great efforts to raise revenue. 
He removed many Sheriffs, and sold their offices to the highest 
bidders for considerable sums of money ; it is therefore quite 
possible that Theobald's appointment to the Magistracy of 
Lancaster was conditional upon his claiming no remission of 
ferm on account of the King's grant. This would make it 
appear as if the King had taken away with one hand what he 
had given with the other ; nevertheless, Theobald's dealings with 
the Exchequer, relative to the deficiency, or supposed deficiency of 
stock, and his treatment of certain of the free tenants of Amoun- 
derness, as disclosed by certain contemporary records, by no means 
diminishes the probability of the suggested explanation. 

King Richard had granted thirteen librates of land in 
Navenby to Robert le Rous about Easter, 1194. The Sheriff 
had not yet received the King's writ discharging him from 
liability on account of the loss of the half year's revenue from 
this source ; he therefore treats it as a debt due from him, and 
adds a note, to the effect that he claims credit for the sum in 
Navenby, which Robert le Rous has by the King's grant. 

Nova Placita et NoVjE Conventiones.-— Under this head- 
ing are detailed the fines by which a number of Count John's 
Lancashire adherents had compounded for their estates before 
the Justices, and obtained the King's pardon for their participa- 
tion in John's rebellion. 

G 2 



84 THE LANCASHIRE PIPE ROLLS. 

Adam de Kellet's fine was 20 marks. He held one carucate of 
land in Middleton and three carucates in Kellet, with the office of 
Serjeant of the Wapentake of Lonsdale. 

Henry de Eedman's fine was 120 marks. He held land in 
Yealand, and also a considerable estate in Westmorland, under the 
Barony of Kendal. 

Benedict Gernet's fine of £20 had been proffered for the King's 
confirmation of his office of Forester in fee of the Forest of Lancaster. 
He held twenty carucates of land with his office. 

Adam, son of Osbert's, fine was 10 marks. I have not identified 
his estate. 

Gilbert de Croft's fine was 10 marks. He held tw r o carucates 
in Dal ton in capite, in thanage. 

Richard de Molyneux held half a knight's fee in Sephton. His 
fine was 100s. 

Henry Falconer was a tenant by knight's service of Hugh 
Bussel's fee in Broughton, co. Leicester. His tine was 15 marks. 

Robert, the clerk of Walton, no doubt held the estate belong- 
ing to the Church of St. Mary of Walton. His fine was 30 marks. 

Walter de Paries held one carucate in Pulton in frank marriage 
with Matilda, daughter of Hugh, son of Esward and Godith, his 
wife. 

William le Boteler of Warrington had apparently been impli- 
cated in John's rebellion. He held ei»ht knights' fees of the 
Honor of Lancaster. His fine of 30 marks seems somewhat light 
compared with others. 

Roger de Middleton held one knight's fee in Middleton, of the 
Montbegon fee in Sal ford Hundred. He also held one carucate of 
land in Chetham in capite, in thanage. His fine of 5 marks had 
been proffered for seisin of his land from which he had been ejected. 

Alan, son of Outi, I cannot identify. His fine was 8 marks. 

Robert, son of Henry, Lord of Lathom, held one knight's fee 
in Knowsley, Huyton, and Tarbock, of the fee of Widnes; one 
knight's fee in Childwall, and one knight's fee in Parbold and 
Wrightington, of the Grelley fee. His fine was 20 marks. 

Adam de Bury held one knight's fee in Bury, of the Montbegon 
fee. His fine was 5 murks. 

William de Radcliffe held twelve oxgang3 of land in Edgeworth 
and Heaton in the Forest, in capite, in thanage. His fine was 
5 marks. 

Richard de Uimston held one carucate in Urmston of Ranulf 



KOLL OF 6 RICHARD I. (1193-1194). 85 

de Gamelston, who was in ward to the King at this time. Ranulf 
held in capite, in thanage, consequently at this date Richard de 
Urmston was answerable to the King for his own good behaviour. 
His fine was 40s. 

Robert de Prestwich held four oxgangs in Alkrington, of the 
Montbegon fee, by the service of 4*. ; and ten oxgaugs in Prestwich 
and Fails worth, in capite \ in thanage. His fine was 4 marks. 

Jordan, Dean of Manchester, owed £20 for complicity in the 
rebellion of Count John. 

The next entry has nothing to do with the rebellion. Albert 
Bussel, Lord of Penwortham, had died recently, and Hugh Bussel, 
his eldest son and heir, had fined with Count John for his relief. 
He held five knights' fees of the Houor of Lancaster : three for the 
Barony of Penwortham within the county, one fee in Broughton 
in Leicestershire, and one in Thorp Bussel in Suffolk. The usual 
relief for five knights' fees was £25 ; he had fined with Count John 
for 40 marks. 

De Hiis qui Totum Reddiderunt. — Under this heading are set 
forth the fines of those adherents of Count John who had already 
discharged their debts before Michaelmas, 1194. 

William de Kellet held one and a-half carucate in Kellet, one 
and a-half carucate in Bare, and one carucate in Claughton in 
Ixmsdale, in capite, in thanage. His fine was 20 marks. 

William de Furness, son and heir of Michael le Fleming, held 
twenty and a-half carucales in Furness, in capite. His fine was 
10 marks. 

Daniel le Fleming, brother of the last named, was clerk or 
parson of Urswick. Fine, 20 marks, 

William de Hest held one carucate in Middleton in Lonsdale, 
and half a carucate in Hest, in capite^ in thanage. Fine, 10 marks. 

Adam de Heysham, or Gemot, held two carucates in Caton, in 
capite, in thanage and land in Heysham. Fine, 10 marks. 

Geoffrey de Gressingham held six oxgangs of land in Gres- 
singham, by serjeanty of keeping the King's goshawks in the 
Forest of Lancaster, Fine, 100s, 

John, the clerk, paid a fine of 40& I have not identified the 
locality of his cure. 

Robert, son of Gilmichael, 1 may perhaps be identified as elder 

1 The following entry occurs in the Testa de Xevill, Vol. II., p. 835 : " In Sline 
there is a half carucate "f land, which is in the King's hand ; which half carucate 
one bj name Gilmichael, son of Godwin, formerly held. (a.d. 1212.) 



80 TUE LANCASHIRE PIPE ROLLS. 

brother of Adam, son of Gihnichael de Sline, who held half a 
carucate in Sline by serjeanty of performing the duties of car- 
penter in Lancaster Castle, temp. John. Fine, 40s. 

Gilbert de Walton held six oxgangs of land in Walton, four 
oxgangs in Wavertree, and four oxgangs in Newshani, which his 
father, Waldeve, held with the office of Serjeant of the Wapentake 
of West Derby, by grant from William, Couut of Boulogne and 
Mortal n. Fine, 40*. 

Richard de Ditton held half a carucate of land in Ditton in 
capitc. Fine, 20*. 

Henry de Holand held three carucates, two oxgangs of land in 
Up-Holland in capitc. Fine, 405. 

Henry de Melling held four carucates in Mailing, in the 
Hundred of West Derby, in capitc, in thanage. Fiue, 1 mark. 

Mathew Geniet, a brother or youuger son of Adam Gernet of 
Hey8ham and Caton, had, temp. John, a grant or confirmation of 
part of Quernmoor Forest. For joining the muster of Count 
John's adherents at Kendal his land had been seized. His fine 
f 10 marks was for pardon, and to have seisin of his forfeited 

estate. 

Hugh de Haigh— usually described as Hugh le Norreis — had 
received from Count John a grant of one carucate in Blackrod, an 
old escheat from the Peverel Fee. Fine, 3 marks. 

Adam de Charnock held land in Charnock Richard, of Robert 
Hanastre, who held it of the Barony of Penwortham, but I have 
failed to find what estate Adam held in capite. 

Robert, son of Osbert, held half a carucate in Crosby to be reeve 
f the Manor of Crosby and of the Forest of West Derby. 

The abbot and monks of Furness had proffered 500 marks for 

the Kind's confirmation of their charters and liWrties, and for 

\rht to take action against Gilbert, son of Roger fitz Reiufred, 

micerning their land in Xewby and Furness Fells, and for recovery 

f their cattle. The monks of Furness had been taking action 

•rftinst Gilbert in the Curia Regis, on the morrow of Holy Trinity 

jy gauje year, for the loss of one thousand sheep with the wool, 

And eighty-eight lambs, which Gilbert had forcibly taken from 

them, a ^ r ^ ,ev * iac ^ Stained the King's charter, dated on the 

*tetuni&y after his Coronation, April 23rd, 1194. for peaceable posses- 

«•» of their estates and confirmation of their liberties. The dispute 

timately settled by an agreement as to the division of Furness 

iween the i»arties, embodied in a Fine levied at Westminster, 



ROLL OF 6 RICHARD I. (1193-1194). 87 

on Sunday next after the octave of the Purification of the Blessed 
Virgin, February 11th, 1196. 1 

De Scutagio ad Redkmptionem domini regis. — The Scutage 
for King Richard's redemption had probably been put in charge 
before Walter, Archbishop of Rouen, resigned office as Justiciar. 
The actual collection, however, probably extended over the early 
part of the year 1194. The ransom stipulated for was 150,000 
marks (£100,000), twice the total revenues of the crown. Two- 
thirds of this sum was to be paid before the King was liberated. 
The King was released in March, and the final payment of 10,000 
marks was made before the end of April. 

The Scutage was at the rate of 20*. the knight's fee, the total 
amount to be collected from the knights of the Honor of Lancaster 
amounting to £72 6s. 8a\ (seventy-two and one-third knights' fees). 
As a matter of fact, the actual amount collected was only £58 6s. Sd. ; 
remission of the scutage of twelve knights being granted to Robert 
Grelley, whose knights had accompanied the King into Normandy, 
whither King Richard went on May 12th, embarking at Ports- 
mouth. Henry Falconer and Ranulph de Aubervill had each 
obtained remission for one knight, by the King's writ, probably 
on the same grounds. 

In addition to the Scutage, an Aid or Carucage was levied upon 
the King's demesne lands, and upon the Thanes and Drenghs. By 
reference to the details of the royal demesne in Lancashire, afforded 
by the aid levied in the 23 Henry II. (page 35), it would appear 
that the present levy was at the same rate, viz. : 1 mark upon each 
'carucate ; due allowance being made for the grants made out of 
the royal estate during the intervening peiiod, including the whole 
estate extra comitttium, and Amounderness, Caitmel, etc., within 
the county. 

The Advocate of Beton held half a knight's fee in Boothby, 
near Navenby, in Lincolnshire, which King Stephen had given to 
his ancestor. This family possessed the hereditary office of Advo- 
cate of Artois. In the 1 John, William, Advocate of Beton, fined 
for seisin of lands in Counties Oxford and Gloucester, which were 
his inheritance; it is therefore probable that Boothby had been 
taken into the King's hands upon his father's death, merely until 
the said William had fined for livery. 

1 Feet of Fines, temp* Richard I., No. 116. 



88 THE LANCASHIRE PIPE ROLLS. 

MAG. EOT. PIP, 7 RICARDI L (1194-1195). 

(Roll No. 41. m. 11, dorso,) 

Lancastra. 

Tedbaldus Walteri, Benedictus Gernet pro eo,reddit Compotum 
de cc.li. de firma honoris de Lancastra. In th'ro lxxix.li. et xix.s. 
et iiij.d. numero. 

Et in terns datis Willelmo de Valeinen x.li. in Cofho. Et 
Willelmo filio Walkelini ix.li. in Steinesbi. Et Nigello de 
Greselea iiij.li. et xvj.s. in Drakelawa. Et Victori lviij.s. in 
Wellingeoura. Et Willelmo Marescallo xxxij.li. in Cartmel. 
Et Hugoni Janitori xiij.li. et vj.s. et viij.d. in Crocheston pro 
Escambio haereditatis suae de Corfham et de Culminton, per 
breve Huberti Archiepiscopi Cautuariensis. Et in defalta Instaura- 
nienti de Lancastra, Scilicet de xv Carrucis de Dominiis Regis 
ejusdem honoris xv.li. Et de xv vaccariis xv.li. Et de quater xx 
Equabus iiij.li. Et de c ovibus xx.s. Et deb. xiijJLi. numero. 
Idem r.c. de eodem debito. In th'ro Nichil. Et Robeito Ruffo 
xiij.li. numero In Navenebi, per breve Regis. E. Q. E. 

Idem Tedbaldus r.c. de v.s. et iiij.d. de Communi Misericordia de 
Lancastra pro concelatione. Et de xxv.s. et viij.d. de Roberto filio 
Vchtredi pro licentia concordandi. In th'ro lib. in ij tallis. 

E. Q. E. 

Idem Tedbaldus r.c. de xxvj.s. de honore de Lancastra pro 
respectu Rewardi foresUe. In thro lib. E. Q. E. 

Walterus de Craven r.c. de v.s. et viij.d. pro defalta. In th'ro 
ij.s. Et deb. iij.s. et viij.d. 

Robertus Archidecanus Cestre deb. xl.m. pro defalta. 

Simon filius Vekeman r.c. de ij.s. pro habenda terra et Ministerio 
Patris sui. In th'ro lib. E. Q. E. 

Idem Viceconies r.c. de dim. m. de Willelmo filio Michaelis, 
quia retraxit se. Et de dim. m. de Orm filio Dolfin de Misericor- 
dia. Et de xx.d. de Simone filio Evrardi de Misericordia. In th'ro 
lib. in iij tallis. E. Q. E. 

Robertus filius Vctredi deb. ij.m. quia non habuit quern 
})legiavit. 

Annas de Preston r.c. de vj.m. quia retraxit se de appellatione 
sua. In th'ro dim. m. Et debet iiij. win. et dim. 



ROLL OF 7 RICHARD I. (1194-1195). 89 

Dc finibus factis in Lancastra pro Jtabenda benevolentia Regis, 
Scilicet de hominibus Comitis Joliannis* 

Adam de Kellet r.c. de v.m. pro habenda benevolentia Regis. In 
th'ro lib. E. Q. E. 

Henricus de Rademan r.c. de lviij.li. et xiij.s. et iiij.d. pro eodcm. 
In th'ro xj.li. et vjs. et viij.d. Et deb. xlvij.li. et vj.s. et viij.d. 

Benedictus Gernet r.c. de x.li. ut teneat in Pace terras et fores- 
tam unde saisitus est, ut de hsereditate sua. In th'ro lib. 

E. Q. E. 

Willelnius Pincerna r.c. de x.m. pro habenda benevolentia 
Regis. In th'ro c et vj. s. et iij.d. Et deb. xxvij.s. et j.d. 

Jordanus Decanus de Mainmecestre r.c. de xv.li. pro eodem. 
In th'ro ix.li. Et deb. vj.li. 

Hugo Buissel r.c. de xx.li. de fine Relevii sui, quod fecit cum 
Comite Johanne. In th'ro vij.li. et j.m. Et deb. xij.li. et dim. m. 

Robertus clericus de Waleton r.c. de vj.li. et x.s. pio habenda 
benevolentia Regis. In th'ro lib. E. Q. E. 

Robertus filius Henrici r.c. de yjJi. et vj.s. et viij.d. pro eodem. 
In th'ro lib. E. Q. E 

De his qui totum rcddiderunt de prcedictis finibus. 

Idem Thedbaldus r.c. de xij.li. et xj.s. et iiij.d. de Misericordiis 
et finibus praedictis, quorum noniina annotantur in Rotulo proximo 
pnEcedenti. In th'ro lib. in x talli3. E. Q. E. 

Robertus filius Osberti r.c. de c.s. pro habenda benevolentia 
Regis. In th'ro lib. E. Q. K 

De [Scutagid] Militum dt Lancastra ad Redemptioncm domini Regis. 

Idem Tedbaldus r.c. de viij.li. et viij.d. de Scutagio Militum 
honoris de Lancastra. In th'ro lx.s. et viij.d. Et debet c.s. 

Novaplacita et Novm Conventiones per Reginaldum le Bigot et 
Radulfum Archidecanum Hcrefordensem et Willclmum de Glan- 
villa et Radulfum dc Ardem. 

Milites honoris de Lancastra r.c. de xx.m. ut benign^ audiatur 
Wndicatio 1 eorum. In th'ro xj.li. et x.s. et ix.d. Et debent xxxv.s. 
et xj.d. 

Adam filius Radulfi r.c. de x.s. pro Nova dissaisina. In th'ro 
v.s. Et deb. v.s. 

Suein filius Aik[i] r.c. de dim. m. pro eodem. In th'ro iij.s. 
Et deb. iij.s. et viij.d. 

1 Written rindim, »>., Tindicmtiopem ; afterward*, pp. 93, 97, Teredicluni. 



00 THE LANCASHIRE PIPE ROLLS. 

Jordanus de Eggleton r.c. de v.m. ut replegietur. In th'ro 
iij.m. et dim. Et deb. xx.s. 

De his qui totum Heddiderunt. 

Idem Tedbaldus r.c. de iiij.m. et dim. de miuutis Misericordiis 
hominum quorum nomina et debita et Causae debitorum Annotan- 
tur in Rotulo praedictorum, quern liberaverunt in thesauro. In 
th'ro lib. in viij. tallis. E. Q. E. 

Galfridu3 de Eggleston r.c. de v.m. ut replegietur. In th'ro lib. 

E. Q. E. 

Eicardus filius Medware deb. x.s. pro Nova dissaisina. Adam de 
Salopesbiri deb. dim. m. quia non prosequitur. Petrus de Merkes- 
den deb. dim. in. pro plegio Huveiet. Eicardus de Merkesden deb. 
dim. m. pro eodem. Osbertus [de Merkesden] deb. dim. in. pro 
eodem. Siwardus deb. dim. m. quia non prosequitur. Alarms deb. 
dim. m. pro eodem. Reginaldus de Hotton deb. dim. m. pro eodem 
Ricardus Muschet deb. dim. m. quia retraxit se. Orm Muschet 
deb. dim. m. Rogerus de Eggleston deb. dim. m. pro eodem 
Andreas de Argun r.c. de dim. m. quia retraxit se. In th'ro v.s. 
Et deb. xx.d. 

De Novis promissis per Hubertum Archieptscopum Cantuariensem. 

Eicardus filius Eogeri deb. xx.m. quia fuit cum Comite Johanne. 
Eobertus filius Bernardi deb. xv.m. pro eodem. Willelmus filius 
Suein deb. c.s. pro eodem. Geraldus de Cleiton deb. v.m. pro se et 
Armigeris suis pro eodem. 

Radulfus de Sancto Georgio r.c. de vj.m. pro teiTa sua de 
Wallingoura habeuda. In th'ro xl.s. Et debet xl.s. 



NOTES ON THE PIPE ROLL OF 7 RICHARD I (MICH. 1194-MICH. 1195). 

Since Michaelmas, 1194, Benedict Gemet, Chief Forester of 
Lancashire, had officiated as Deputy-Sheriff for Theobald Walter. 
During the year he had received Archbishop Hubert's writs, 
authorising the deduction of £13 6s. Sd. from the ferm of the 
Honor, consequent upon the restoration of two-thirds of Croxton 
to Hugh le Porter, and of £13 in consideration of the grant of 
Navenby to Robert le Rous. 

The arrears of fines which had resulted from the Iter of 
Godfrey de Lucy in the year 1187 (page 68), are again set out, and 
several final payments recorded. 

The greater portion of the arrears of fines " pro benevolentia 
Regis," brought forward from the last year, are now discharged ; 



ROLL OF 7 RICHARD I. (1194-1195). 91 

ten individuals paying the whole of the balances due from them 
amounting in the whole to £12 lis. 4d. 

Nova placita et Nov/E Conventions. — The Iter of Reginald 
le Bigod, Ralph, Archdeacon of Hereford, William de Glanvill, and 
Ralph de Ardera produced in fines the sum of £27 ISs. 4d. Of 
this sum, the knights, i.e. thanes and free tenants of the Honor 
had proffered 20 marks for a favourable hearing of their sworn 
statement, probably showing cause why they should not be sub- 
jected to the Regard of the Forest, to view the purprestures and 
assarts which they and their predecessors had made, to escape 
which they had heretofore compounded by fine with King Henry II, 
and Count John, at irregular intervals. 

Jordan, Geoffrey, and Roger, all of Eccleston, had probably been 
attached by their bodies or goods to answer some plea before the 
Justices. The two first-named had proffered 5 marks each to be 
put to legal sureties that they would appear to make answer, and 
so in the meantime obtain release from the attachment 

Peter, Richard, and Osbert, all of Marsden, had been fined half 
a mark each in consequence of the transgression of one Uvieth, 
who was of their pledge, i.e. for whose good behaviour they were 
sureties, according to the Laws of Frank-pledge, and whom they 
had probably been unable to produce before the Justices. 

Dk novis pkomissis. — A few more of Count John's Lanca- 
shire adherents in the late rebellion had made their peace with the 
King, through the medium of the Viceroy, Archbishop Hubert. 
Richard, son of Roger, thane of Lytham and Wood-plumpton, paid 
a fine of 20 marks ; Robert, son of Bernard, thane of Goosnargh, 
ISmarks; William, son of Swain, of Carleton, 100s.; Gerold de 
Clayton, a military tenant of the Barony of Penwortham, in 
Clayton-le-Dale and Penwortham, 5 marks. In but few instances 
do the Lancashire thanes or free tenants appear to have suffered 
forfeiture or outlawry, as a result of participation in the late rebel- 
lion. The King and his officers no doubt considered it the best 
policy to exact what fiscal advantage they could obtain from the 
free tenants of Lancashire, whose adherence to their late Lord was 
after all in strict conformity with the feudal ties which bound 
knights and tenants to their Chief Ix>rd. 

Ralph de St. George had proffered 6 marks to the Viceroy for 
livery of his estate in Wellingore, co. Lincoln. He held half a 
knight's fee and the twelfth part of a fee of the Honor of Lancas- 
ter ; his relief was therefore at the usual rate. 



94 THE LANCASHIRE PIPE ROLLS. 

Et in Perdonis Teobaldo Walteri lx.s. de Scutagio suo per 
breve Regis. Et Roberto Gresle xij.li. de Scutagio suo per idem 
breve. Et Rogero Constabulario Cestne viij.li. et x.s. sicut vice- 
comes dicit per idem breve, qui omnes fuerunt cum Rege in 
exercitu Normanniae. Et debet x.li. et xij.s. et viij.d. 

De Tcrcio Scutagio Exercitus Nvnnannim assiso hoc anno. 

Idem Vicecomes r.c. de lxxij.li. et vj.s. et viij.d. de Scutagi6 
Militum Honoris de Lancastria. In th'ro xxiiij.li. Et deb. 
xiviij.li. et vj.s. et viij.d. 

Nova Promissa per Hubertum Cantuariensem Archiepiscopuin,. 

Hugo Putrel deb. v.m. pro habendo recto de quarta parte feodi 
ij militum in Barton et Werkesleia versus Editham et Lescelinam 
et Matildam per plegium Roberti Greslei. Henricus filius Gil- 
berti deb. xl.s. pro habenda serganteriam de Derebis Regis (sic) 1 
quam Pater suus habuit, cum terris ad earn pertinentibus in 
Wale ton et Wavertre et Neusun. 

Willelmiis Pincenia r.c. de xij.m. ne transfretet in tercio 
exercitu Normannise post reditum Regis ab Alemania et pro 
Scutagio suo de feodo vj Militum quos tenet de Honore de 
Lancastra. In th'ro lib. E. Q. E. 



NOTES ON THE PIPE ROLL OF 8 RICHARD I. (MICH. 1195-MICH. 1196). 

This year the Sheriff claims allowance only for six months' 
loss of ferm, owing to the deficiency of stock upon the royal 
demesne lands. He had been authorized to increase the head of 
stock to the full complement, and to obtain any implements that 
were wanting. Accordingly he accounts for an expenditure during 
the year of £97 in that behalf. It does not appear, however, that 
the money was actually laid out, for after King Johu's accession, 
Theobald was removed from the magistracy, and compelled to 
refund the whole amount, as is proved by the following entry in the 
roll of the 3 John : — " Teobaldus Walteri reddit compotum de quater 
xx. et xvij.li. quas ipse recepit ad instaurandas terras in honore 
de Lancastra quando habuit bailliam, sicut annotatur in Rotulo 
Regis Ricardi viij°. In thesauro liberavit. Et quietus est." 

It is interesting to note that the plough team consisted of 
eight oxen, the fifteen carxveaz requiring 120 oxen (15 x 8) to 
make the full complement. At the end of the twelfth 

1 Derebia R' in 'he Hull. Bui read Percbiscire. 



ROLL OF 8 RICHARD I. (1195-1196). 95 

century, just as at the time of the making of the Domesday 
Survey, the number of plough teams was the measure of the 
value and population of each village community, due allowance 
being made for the character of the soil and the climate. Unless 
the teams could be maintained in number and efficiency, by the 
continual substitution of young and vigorous oxen for those worn 
out or lost by disease, the prosperity of the village, and the annual 
income derived therefrom by the owner, declined or ceased altogether. 

At this period the land cultivated by each plough team 
produced an annual income of about 20s. The value of an ox 
was 4s. A harrow for each caruca y or team, cost 4s, Two hundred 
and forty cows, or two hundred computing by the long hundred of 
120, were required to restock the 15 vaccaries or stock farms 
within the forest of Wyresdale. The price of those was 4s. a head, 
as also of 15 bulls, required to run each with 16 cows in every 
vaccary. Eighty brood mares at 4s. a head, and a " long hundred " 
of breeding ewes at 6d. each, completed the list of stock required, 
and made up the total sum of £97 ordered to be expended. 

Some portion of Roger de Montbegon's estates were at this 
time in the King's hands, owing to the prominent part taken by 
that noble in support of the rebellion of Count John of Mortain, 
and especially in the defence of Nottingham Castle, in the spring 
of 1194. William de Albini of Belvoir was farming some 
portion of the Hornby demesnes, including certain wood and 
pasture lands in Melling, the issues of which for a half year or so 
amounted to 40s. This matter will again be referred to in the 
ensuing notes. 

De Secundo Scutagio. 1 — The second Scutage of the army in 
Normandy had been assessed in the year ending Michaelmas, 
1195, but it was collected during the early part of the present 
fiscal year. It was assessed upon the same number of knights' 
fees in the Honor of Lancaster, as the Scutage for the King's 
redemption. Theobald Walter was excused his quota on the three 
Amounderness fees, Robert Grelley on his twelve fees, and Roger 
Constable of Chester on his five Clitheroe and three and a half 
Widnes fees. They had attended personally upon the King in 
the expedition to Normandy, together with their knights. 

1 The first scutage of the reign was taken in the 1st year of the King's reign, on 
the pretence of an expedition to Wales. The scutage a«sessed for the King's 
ransom was not properly so called. It was actually an aid or tax, and not a payment 
in commutation of military service. . 



90 THE LANCASHIRE PIPE ROLLS. 

De Tertio Scutagio. — Tlie third Scutage of the army in 
Normandy was both assessed and collected during the fiscal year 
ending at Michaelmas, 1196. 

Nova promissa per Hubertum Cantuar. Archiep. — Hugh 
Purceil proffers 5 marks for a writ of right to determine between 
himself and Edith, Lescelina and Matilda de Barton, who was the 
rightful tenant of the fourth part of two knights' fees in Barton 
and Worsley. Robert Grelley, of whose fief the said fees were 
members, was the said Hugh's pledge for the prosecution of the 
plea. An entry in the Testa de Ntvill, Vol. II., fol. 822, and the* 
record of a suit depending in the Curia Regis, on the quinzaine 
of Easter, 4 John, suggest the following explanation of the above 
entry :— That one Matthew had been mesne tenant under Robert 
Grelley of two knights' fees in Barton, Worsley and Worthington ; 
that Hugh Purceil had married one of the four daughters and 
heiresses of the said Matthew, and was at this time seeking to 
obtain against the other three co-heiresses, a recognition of his 
right in one fourth part of the estate. The Inquisition of 1212, 
states that one knight's fee and half a fee in Barton and Worsley, 
were held by Gilbert de Notton, with the lady Edith de Barton, 
his wife, but there is no mention of the remaining half fee, unless 
it is to be identified with the half fee in Worthington, held by 
Thomas de Worthington. 

Henry de Walton, son of Gilbert, proffers 40s. for confirmation, 
— probably after his father's decease,— of the Serjeantry of the 
Hundred of West Derby, witli the land in Walton, Wavertree 
and Newsham, which his father had held with that office. 

William le Boteler of Warrington, paid 12 marks not to 
transfret (i.e. pass over sea), in the third expedition to Normandy, 
after the King's return from Germany, and for his scutage of six 
knights' fees, which he held of the Honor of Lancaster. King 
Richard left for Normandy on the 12 th May, 1194, and did not 
again set foot in England, during the remainder of his reign. 



MAG. ROT. PIP., 9 RICARDI I. (1196-1197). 

(Roll No. 43. m. 13, doiso.) 

Lancastra. 

Teobaldus Walteri, Robertus Vavasur pro eo reddit Compotum 
de cc.li de firma Honoris de Lancastra. In th'ro quater xx. et 
xv.li. et v.s. et viij.d. 



ROLL OF 9 RICHARD I. (1196-1197). 97 

Et in tends Datis Willelmo de Valeiues x.li. in Cofho. Et 
Willelrao filio Walkelini ix.li. in Steinesbi. Et Nigello de Gre- 
selea iiij.lL et xvj.s. in Drakelawe. Et Victori lviij.s. in Wel- 
lingoure. Et Willelmo Marescallo xxxij.li. in Cartmel. Et 
Hugoni janitori xiij.li. et vj.s. et viij.d. in Crocheston pro Escambio 
hsereditatis suae de Corfham et de Culminton. Et Eoberto Ruffo 
xiij.li. in Nave[n]bi. Et in suo Superplus de Anno pncterito viij.li. 
et xv.8. Et in Reperatione Castelli et Gaiolae de Lancastra x.m» 
per breve Huberti Cantuariensis Archiepiscopi. Et in reperatione 
Castelli de Derebi c.s. per breve ejusdem. Et habet de Superplus 
xiiij.8. et viiij.d. 

Robertus Archidecanus Cestre deb. xl.m. pro defectu. Annas 
de Preston r.c. de v.m. quia retraxit se de appellatione sua. In 
th'ro xj.s. et viij.d. Et deb. iiij.m. et xx,d. 

De Jinibtis Hommum Comitis Johannis* 

Henricus de Rademan r.e. de xxxijJL et vj.s. et viij.d. pro 
habenda benevolentia Regis. In th'ro xxj.li. et iij.s. et iiij.d» Et 
deb. xj.li. et iij.s. et iiij.d. 

Idem vicecomes r.c. de lx.s. de Jordano Decano de Mamecestre 
pro eodem. Et de as. de Hugone Bussel de fine Relevii sui, quod 
fecit cum Comite Johanne. Et de dim. m. de Kicardo filio Rogeri 
quia fuit cum Comite Johanne. In th'ro lib. in iij tallis. 

E. Q. E 

Robertus filius Bernardir.c. de lxxiij.s. et iiij.d. pro eodem. In 
th'ro lib. K Q. E. 

Geroldus de Clinton (sic) r.c. de ij.m. pro se et Annigero suo pro 
eodem. In th'ro lib. E. Q. E* 

Radulfu8 de Sancto Georgio deb. xl.s. pro terra sua de Wellin- 
goura habenda. 

De Scutagio Militum ad Redemptionem Regis. 

Idem vicecomes [r.c. de] c.s. de remanenti Scutagio Honoris de 
Lancastre quod fuit assisum ad Redemptionem Regis. In th'ro. 

De Placitis Rogeri de Bigot et Socioium ejus. 

Idem vicecomes r.c. de xxxv.s. et xj.d. de Militibus Honoris 

Lancastre ut benign^ audiatur veredictum eorum. Et de v.s. de 

Ada filio Radulfi pro dissaisina. Et de iij.s. et viij.d. de Sueno filio 

Kilsi pro eodem. Et de x.s. de Ricardo filio Medware pro eodem. 

Et de dim. m. de Petro de Merkesden pro plegio Uvieth. Et de 

dim. m. de Jordano de Eggleton ut replegietur. Et de xx.d. de 

li 



98 THE LANCASHIRE PIPE ROLLS. 

Ada de Salopesbiri de Ada de Salopesbiri, 1 quia non prosequitur. 

Et de v.8. de Eogero de Eggleston quia retraxit se. Summa 
lxxiiij.s. et vij.d. In th'ro lib. in viij tallis. E. Q. E. 

Eicardus de Merkesden deb. dim. m. pro plegio Uvieth. Osber- 
tii8 de Merkesden deb. dim. m. pro dissaisina. Siwardus deb. dim. 
m. quia non prosequitur. Alanus deb. dim. m. pro eodem. Eegi- 
naldus de Hotton deb. dim. m. pro eodem. Eicardus Muschet 
debet dim. in. quia retraxit se. Orm Muschet deb. dim. m. pro 
eodem. 

Idem vicecomes r.c. de iiij.li. de firma Bosci et Pasturae de 
Mellinges. Et de xij.d. de Benedicto Gernet de firma cujusdam 
Domus in Lancastra qu*e fuit Jordani de Catton. In th'ro lib. in 
ij tallis. E. Q. E. 

De Secundo Scutagio. 

Idem vicecomes r.c. de x.li. et xij.s. et viij.d. de Secundo 
Scutagio Honoris de Lancastra. In th'ro Nichil. 

Et Gileberto filio Eeinfridi xx.s. per breve Eegis, quia fuit in 
Exercitu Norinanniae. Et deb. ix.lL et xij.s. et viij.d. 

De Tercio Scutagio. 

Idem vicecomes r.c. de xlviij.li. et vj.s. et viij.d. de Scutagio 
prsedicti Honoris. In th'ro iiij.li. Et Gileberto filio Eeinfridi 
xx.s. per breve Eegis. Et Eoberto Greslei xij.li. per idem breve. 
Et Constabulario Gestae viij.li. et x.s. per idem breve. Et Teobaldo 
Walteri lx.s. per idem breve. Et Willelmo Pincernae vj.li. per 
finem quam fecit pro habendo scutagio suo, sicut continetur in 
Eotulo praecedenti. Et deb. xiij.li. et xvj.s. et viij.d. 

De promissis per Hubertum CaiUuarieriscm Archiepiscopuvi. 

Hugo Putrel deb. v.m. pro habendo recto de quarta parte 
duorum militum in Barton sicut continetur in Eotulo praecedenti. 

Henricus filius Gilel>erti r.c. de xl.s. pro habenda serjauteria de 
Derebiscire sicut continetur in Eotulo pnucedenti. In th'ro xx.s. 
Et deb. xx.s. 

From the Westmoiiand Pipe Roll, 9 Richard I. 

Hugo Bardulf [r.c. de] vij.li. et iij.s. et i.d. de firma de West- 
nierieland de anno vj 10 . Et [similiter de] xxj.li. et ix.s. et iij.d. de 
anno vij°. De quibus xiiij.li. et vj.s. et iij d. sunt super Gilebert- 
um filium Eeinfridi, praecedens debitum similiter, sicut vicecomes 

1 Cancelled. 



ROLL OF 9 RICHARD I. (1196-1197). 99 

elicit Et debet vij.li. et iij.s. de praedicto anno vij°. qui sunt super 
Gilebertum filhim Reinfridi, sicut vicecomes dicit. 

Idem vicecomes [r.c. de] xiiij.li. et vj.s. et iij.d. de eadem firmu 
de anno pneterito. Qui sunt super pnedictuin Gilebertum, sicut 
vicecomes dicit. 

Et idem de Nova Firma reddit Compotum de c et xxx.li. et ij.s. 
et iiij.d. 

In th'ro c et xij.li. et ix.s. et vj.d. 

Et in Quietantia terrarum Hugonis de Hasteng ij.m. Et in 
Emendatione pontis de Castello de Appelbi xl.s. per breve Regis. 

Et debet xiiij.li. et vj.s. et ij.d. qui sunt super Gilebertum filium 
Reinfridi, sicut vicecomes dicit. m. 1, dorso. 

Amerciamcnta per Dunelmensem Electum et Hvgonem Bardulf. 

Anselmus de Furnes debet dim. m. pro disseisina .... 
Henricus de Rademan debet xl.s. quia retraxit so. Ketel de 
Leuenes debet dim. m. pro eodem .... 

Oblaia facta Coram Domino Rcgc et Huberto Cantuariensi Archi- 
cpiscopo ajrnd Insvlam de Andeli et apud Lundam. 

Gilebertus filius Reinfredi r.c. de c.li. pro habendis vj. libratis 
terrae et Quietantia de Cornagio et Aliis libertatibus suis habendis, 
secundum Tenorem Oartae Regis quam hide habet. In th'ro l.li. 
Er debet 1.1L Idem reddit compotum de eodem debito. In th'ro 
x.lL Et debet xl.lL 

From the Lincolnshire Roll, 9 Richard L 

Adam de Munbegun debet vij.li. et x.s. super terrain suam et 
Molendinum suum in Torp. 

Rogerus de Munbegun debet D. marcas pro habenda saisina 
terrae suae unde dissaisitus fuit per servitium Comitis Johannis 
. . . . tenet in manu sua sive Willelmus de Albenni reddidit 
eidem Rogero terram quam Rex Willelmo dedit de terra ipsius 
Rogeri sive non. m. 7, dorso, 

NOTES ON THE PIPE ROLL OF 9 RICHARD 1. (MICH. 1196-MICII. 1197). 

This year Robert Vavasour executed the oih'ce of Sheriff as 
Theobald Walter's deputy. He was Theobald's father-in-law, his 
daughter Maud being Theobald's wife. Having laid out the 
previous year £8 15$. more than the ferm, he claims allowance this 
year for an equivalent amount, and further accounts for 10 marks 
disbursed in the repair of Lancaster Castle and Gaol, and 100s. laid 
out in like manner upon the Castle of West Derbv. 

n 2 



£ 8. 


d. 


14 6 


4 


8 18 


2 


5 






100 THE LANCASHIRE PIPE ROLLS. 

Melling was still in the King's hands ; the issues for the year 
amounted to £4. 

The remainder of the Roll is practically a recapitulation of 
accounts and fines of old standing, and contains no new entries. 

Westmorland Roll. — During the year Gilbert fitz Reinfred 
had discharged £60 of the sum which he had proffered for trie 
King's Charter of liberties (page 74). The terms of the fine are 
" for having six librates of land, acquittance from Coinage, and 
other liberties according to the tenor of the King's Charter." The 
following year the balance of £40 was paid. The details of the 
grant are as follow : — 

Acquittance from Noutgeld and Customs . . 

Lands in Kendal 

The Fishery of Kendal ... 

Total 28 4 6 

The Sheriff deducts this amount from the ferm of Westmorland 
from Easter, 1191, to Easter, 1195. At the latter date the land in 
Kendal and the Fishery were taken into the King's hands again, 
and the Nouigeld treated as if still due from Gilbert. In other 
words, the Charter appears to have been cancelled. The matter 
will come up for notice in the Roll of 1 John. 

Lincolnshire Roll. — Adam de Montbegon probably died 
before the accession of Richard I., consequently the item claimed 
upon his land and mill in Thorp, was a matter of old account It 
will be seen from entries in the Rolls of this and the following 
year, that Roger de Montbegon, son and heir of Adam, had 
proffered 500 marks in the Curia Regis, at that time travelling 
about in Normandy, to be put in seisin of the estates which he had 
recently forfeited, as already noticed (page 95). Probably this 
offer was accepted about the time of the Michaelmas audit this 
year, as it is clear from the account of the ferm of Melling, that 
Roger was put in seisin about that time. 



MAG. ROT. PIP., 10 RICARDI I. (1197-1198). 

(Roll No. 44. m. 13, dorso) 

Lancastra. 

Teobaldus Walteri, Nicolaus pincerna pro eo reddit Compotum 

de cc.li. de firma Honoris de Lancastra. In thesauro c. et xiiij.li. 

et xiiij.s. et viij.d. 






ROLL OF 10 RICHARD I. (1197-1198). 101 

Et in suo Superplus de anno praeterito xiiij.s. et viij.d. Et in 
tends Datis Willelmo de Waleines x.li. in Cofho. Et Willelmo 
filio Walkelini ix.li. in Steinesbi. Et Nigello deGreseleia iiij.li. et 
xvj.8. in Drakelawe. Et Victori lviij.s. in Wellingoure. Et Wil- 
lelmo Marescallo xxxij.li. in Cartmel. Et Hugoni Janitori xiij.li. 
et vj.8. et viij.d. in Crokeston pro Escambio hsereditatis sua? de 
Corfham et de Culminton. Et Koberto Ruftb xiij.li. in Nauenebi. 

E. Q. E. 

Robertus Archidecanus Cestrae debet xl.m. pro defectu. 

Annas de Prestone r.c. de iiij.m. et xx.d. quia retraxit se de 
appellatione sua. In th'ro v.s. et iij.d. Et deb. xlix.s. et viij.d. 

Henricus de Rademan r.c. de xj.li. et iij.s. et iiij.d. pro habenda 
benevolentia Regis. In th'ro vij.li. et iij.s. et iiij.d. Et deb. iiij.li. 

Rogerus 1 Radulfus de Sancto Georgio r.c. de xl.s. pro terra sua 

de Williugoura habenda. In th'ro lib. E. Q. E. 

Idem vicecomes r.c. de c.s. de remanenti Scutagio Honoris de 
Lancastre quod fuit assisum ad Redemptioneni Regis. In th'ro 
xx.s. Et deb. iiij.li. 

Orm Muschet r.c. de dim. m. quia retraxit se. In th'ro lib. 

E. Q. E. 

Idem vicecomes r.c. de iiij.li. de firma Bosci et Pastune de 
Mellinges. In th'ro Nichil. Et Rogero de Munbegun iiij.li. per 
finem quam fecit per breve Regis. E. Q. E. 

Idem vicecomes r.c. de xij.d. de Benedicto Gernet de firma 
cujusdam domus in Lancastre quae fuit Jordani de Catton. In 
th'ro lib. E. Q. E. 

De Secundo Scutagio. 
Idem vicecomes r.c. de ix.li. et xij.s. et viij.d. de Scutagio 
Honoris de Lancastre. In th'ro xl.s. Et deb. vij.li. et xij.s. et 
viij.d. Idem r.c. de eodem debito. In th'ro lxxij.s. et iiij.d. Et 
deb. iiij.li. 

De Tercio Scutagio. 

Idem vicecomes r.c. de xiij.li. et xvj.s. et viij.d. de Scutagio 
praedicti Honoris. In th'ro xl.s. Et deb. xj.li. et xvj.s. et viij.d. 
Idem r.c. de eodem debito. In th'ro vij.li. et xvj.s. et viij.d. Et 
deb. iiij.li. 

Hugo Putrel deb. v.m. pro habendo recto de quarta parte 
duorum Militum in Barton sicut continetur in Rotulo viij°. 

Henricus filius Gileberti r.c. de xx.s. pro habenda serjanteriam 

'. Cancelled. 



102 THE LANCASHIRE PIPE ROLLS. 

de Berchsire 1 sicut continetur in Eotulo viij°. In tli'ro xj.s. et ij.d. 
Et deb. viij.s. et x.d. 

Adam de Lancastre r.c. de x.li. pro liabenda custodia terrae et 
hjeredis Eicardi filii Waldief, per plegium Beuedicti Gernet. In 
th'ro lib. K Q. R 

Andreas de Belchamp deb. j.m. ut Conventio facta inter ipsum 
et Petrum de Wingeham et Willelmum de Bosevilla scribatur 
in Magno Botulo sicut facta fuit in Curia Regis et recordata: 
Scilicet quod pnedicti Petrus et Willelmus remisenint et quietum 
clama[verunt] totum jus quod habuerunt in haereditate lloberti 
Basset, pnedictis Andreas et Evue uxori sua? pro se et haredibus suis 
imperpetuum. 

From the Westmorland Pipe Roll, 10 Richard I. 

Hugo Bardulf, Johannes Lalenian pro eo reddit compotum de 
c. et xxx.li et ij.s. et iiij.d. de finna de Westmericland. In th'ro 
quater xx. et xvijJL et xiiij.s. et vj.d. 

Et in Quietantia terrarum Hugonis de Hastinges ij.m. Et in 
Eraendatione Castelli de Appelbi xl.s. per breve Eegis. Et in 
Emendatione Castelli de Burc j.m. per idem breve. Et debet 
xxviij.li. et vij.s. et x.d. qui sunt super Uilebertum filium Eeinfridi 
sicut vicecomes (licit. 

Gilebertus filius Eeinfridi [debet] vij.li. et iij.s. et j.d. de firma 
de Westmerieland de anno vj t0 . Et xxj.li. et ix.s. et iij.d. de anno 
vij°. De quibus xiiij.li. et vj.s. et iij.d. sunt. Et xiiij.li. et vj.s. 

et iij.d. de anno viij°. Et xiiij.li. et vj.s. et ij.d. de anno pneterito. 

Amerciamenta per prwdictos (Dumlmcnsem Elect um et Hvgontm 

Bardulf). 
Gilebertus filius Eeinfridi r.c. de xl.li. pro habendis vj. libratis 
terrce et Quietantia de Cornagio et aliis libertatibus suis habendis, 
secundum tenorem Cartae Eegis quam inde habet. 

In th'ro lib. E. Q. E. 

m. 10. 

From the Lincolnshire Ripe Roll, 10 Richard I. 

Adam de M unbegun [debet] vij.li. et x.s. super terrain suam et 
Molendinum suum in Torp. 

Oblata facta Coram Reyc et Hitherto [ArchiepiMopo] Cantuariensi 
apud Insulam de Aiuldi et apud Landam. 

Bogerus de Muntbegun r.c. de D. marcis pro liabenda 

1 Sic, for " Derbyshire," i.e. f tho Hundred of West Derby. 



KOLL OF 10 RICHARD I. (1197-119c!). 103 

saisina terrse suae, sicut con tine tur in pnedicto Itotulo. In th'ro 
cc.li. In ij tallis. Et Huberto Cantuariensi Archiepiscopo c. 
et vj.li. et xiij.8. et iiij.tl. ad deferendum sec (?) in Walliain in 
servitio Regis per breve ipsius HubertL Et debet xxvj.li. et xiij.s. 
et iiij.d. m. 4, dvrso. 

NOTES ON THE PIPE ROLL OF 10 RICHARD I. 
(MICH. 1197-MIOH. 1198). 

This year Nicholas le Boteler officiated as Deputy Sheriff. 
Theobald Walter was probably absent in Normandy with the 
King. It has not been possible to identify this Nicholas. He 
may have been a cadet of the house of Boteler of Warrington, but 
more probably of Boteler of Warton in Amounderness, which 
latter family there is reason to believe were connected by blood 
with the family of Theobald Walter, the Sheriff. 

Adam de Lancaster — described in the Koll of the following year 
as Adam, Dean of Lancaster — proffers £10 to have custody of the 
land, and the wardship and marriage of the heir of Richard, son 
of Waldeve. Next year he proffers a further sum of 25 marks 
that the first fine might stand good with King John. Perhaps the 
land was half a carucate in Poulton-le-Fylde. 1 

Andrew de Beauchamp proffers 1 mark for the privilege of 
enrolment in the Great Roll of the Exchequer, of the agreement 
made in the Curia Regis between himself and Peter de Wingham 
and William de Bosvill, viz. : — that the said Peter and William for 
themselves and their heirs released and quitclaimed to the said 
Andrew and to Eva his wife, all their right in the inheritance of 
Robert Basset. Andrew de Beauchamp held one knight's fee in 
Oxfordshire, of the Honor of Wallingford, and lands in Thenford, 
co. Northampton. The above entry does not appear to have any 
reference to the Honor of Lancaster (page 113), but was a post- 
script added to the Roll after Michaelmas, 1198. An instance of 
the postscriptive enrolment of a dated Cambridgeshire document 
occurs in the Staffordshire Pipe Roll of the following year, and 
shows that although Michaelmas was nominally the term at which 
all fiscal payments for the year fell due, the collection and trans- 
mission of some such payments, delayed the final balancing of 
accounts at the Exchequer until some time after Michaelmas. 

1 See Coeheraand Charlulary, p. 189. See also postea, Roll of 7 John. Richard, 
son of Waldere, was a witness to Count John of Mori ain's confirmation to Lancaster 
Priory, ad. 118U-1194. 



104 THE LANCASHIRE PIPE ROLLS. 

Westmorland Roll. — Gilbert Fitz Reinfred had proffered 
£100 for confirmation of the King's grant of six librates of land 
in Kendal, acquittance from Cornage and other liberties, according 
to the tenor of the King's charter. He had paid £50 of this fine 
before Michaelmas, 1197 ; a further sum of £10 after Michaelmas, 
and the balance during the fiscal year ending Michaelmas, 1198. 
As will be seen in the Roll of 1 John, he did not obtain full pos- 
session until he had again made fine with King John. 

Lincolnshire Roll. — Roger de Montbegon had discharged the 
greater part of his fine during the fiscal year, in two payments to 
the Treasury amounting to £200, and a third payment to Arch- 
bishop Hubert of £106 13s. 4rf., which the latter had employed 
upon the King's service in Wales. The archbishop resigned the 
justiciary about the end of June, 1198. 



MAG. ROT. PIP., 11 R1C. I. kt 1 JOH'IS (1198-1199). 

(Roll No. 45. m. 5, dorso.) 

Lancast-ria. 

Teobaldus Walteri, Nicolaus Pincerna pro eo reddit Compotum 
de c. et l.li. de firma Honoris de Lancastra de tribus partibus anni, 
scilicet de termino Natalis antequam Stephanus de Turneham 
haberet Bailliam Comitatus, et de termino Sancti Johannis et 
Sancti Michaelis ejusdem anni, postquam prsedictus Stephanus 
habuit Bailliam, qui debet respondere de termino Paschae. In 
th'ro xxxiiij.li. et xiij.s. et iiij.d. 

Et in terris datis Willelmo de Valeines c. et l.s. de tribus 

in Cofho de tribus partibus anni. Et Willelmo filio Walkeliui 
vj.li. et xv.s. in Steinesbi de eisdem terminis. Et Nigello de 
Greselea lxxij.s. in Drakelawe de eisdem terminis. Et Victori 
xliij.s. et vj.d. in Wellingoure de eisdem terminis. Et 
Willelmo Marescallo xxiiij.li. in Cartmel de eisdem terminis. 
Et Hugoni Janitori x.li. in Crokeston de eisdem terminis 
pro Escambio hsereditatis sua* de Corfham et de Culminton. 
Et Roberto Ruffo ix.li. et v.s. in Navenebi de eisdem terminis. Et 
in Defalta x librarum quas Vicecomes de Lancastra solebat 
recipere per annum per manum vicecomitis de Notingham ad 
firmam Comitatus Lancastrian quie data? sunt Comiti de Ferrariis 
vij.li. et x.s. de tribus partibus anni per breve Regis et amodo 
toiuin. 



ROLL OF 11 RICHARD I. AND 1 JOHN (1198-1199.) 105 

Et in Reparatione Castelli de Lancastria xx.m. per breve 
Galfridi tilii Petri. Et debet xxxj.li. et iiij.s. et vj.d. 

Stephanus de Tumeham, Hugo de Hastinges pro eo reddit 
Compotum de Lli. de firnia Honoris de Lancastra de quarta parte 
anni. In thesauro xij.li. 

Et in terris Datis Willelmo de Valeines l.s. in Cofho de quarta 
parte anni. Et Willelmo filio Walkelini xlv.s. in Steinesbi de 
eodem termino. Et Nigello de Greselea xxiiij.s. in Drakelawe de 
eodem termino. Et Victori xiiij.s. et vj.d. in Wellingoure de eodem 
termino. Et Willelmo Marescallo viij.li. in Cartmel de eodem 
termino. Et Hugoni Janitori v.m. et dim. in Crokeston pro 

escambio haereditatis suae de Corfham et Culminton. Et Eoberto 
Buffo xlv.s. in Navenebi de eodem termino. Et in Defalta x 
librarum quas Vicecomes de Lancastra solebat recipere per annum 
per manum Vicecomitis de Notingeham ad firmam Comitatus 
Lancastriae, quae datae sunt Comiti de Ferrariis l.s. de quarta parte 
anni. Et debet xv.li. et iiij.s. et x.d. 

Idem reddit Compotum de eodem debito. In th'ro Nichil. Et 
in defalta xj carrucarum lv.s. de quarta parte anni. Et in Dafalta 

xv vaccariarum lx.s. de eodem termino. Et in Defalta quater xx 

Equarum xx.s. Et in Defalta c ovium v.s. de eodem termino. Et 

debet viij.li et iiij.s. et x.d. Idem redd. Comp. de eodem debito. 

In th'ro Nichil. 1 Et in custamento victus Militum et servientum 

in castello Lancastriae ad custodiam patriae post mortem Eegis 

Ricardi viij.li. per breve Eegis. Et in victu Militum et servientum 

in castello de Westderebi ad idem iiij.li. et x.s. per praedictum breve. 

Et in Eeparatioue Castelli de Lancastra as. per breve Eegis. Et 

habet de superplus xlv.s. et ij.d. 

Bobertus Archidecanus Cestrae deb. xl.m. pro defect u. 

Annas de Prestone [debet] xlix.s. et viij.d. quia retraxit se de 
appellatione sua. 

Henricus de Eedeman [debet] iiij.li. pro habenda benevolentia 
Regis. 

Idem Teobaldus [debet] iiij.li, de remanenti Scutagio honoris de 
Lancastra quod fuit assisum ad Eedemptionem Eegis. Et iiij.li. 
de Secundo Scutagio ejusdem honoris. Et iiij.li. de tercio Scutagio 
ejusdem Honoris. 

Idem Vicecomes [debet] xij.d. de Benedicto Gernet de firma 
cujusdam domus in Lancastria quae fuit Jordani de Catton. 

1 Cancelled, 



106 THE LANCASHIRE PIPE ROLLS. 

Hugo Putrel deb. v.ra. pk> habendo recto sicut continetur in 
Rotulo viij° [Regis Ricardi]. 

Heuricus filius Gileberti [debet] viij.s. et x.d. pro habenda 
Serjanteria sicut ibidem continetur. 

Audreas de Belchamp [debet] j.m. ut Conventus facta scribatur 
in Magno Rotulo sicut continetur in Rotulo pnecedenti. 

Comitatus de Lancastra [debet] xx.li. pro quietancia Reguardi 
quae require bantu r in Euerwicscira. 

Nova Oblata. 

Willelmus de Furneis r.c. de lx.m. et ij chascurs pro carta sua 
confirmanda, quam prius habuit de Rege dum fuit Comes de terra 
sua quam habet in Comitatu Lancastrian In th'ro xxxvj.li. et 
iij.s. et iiij.d. Et deb. lxxvj.s. et viij.d. 

Matheus Geraet r.c. de xx.li. et ij chascurs pro confirmacione 
Cartue suae. In th'ro xx.li.. Et debet ij chascurs. 

Robertus filius Osberti r.c. de x.m. et j chascur pro con- 
firmacione cartse sure de Cressebi. In th'ro v.m. Et deb. v.m. et 
j chascur. 

Adam filius Orm r.c. de xxx.m. pro confirmacione j carrucatae 
terrae in Middelton et pro serjanteria habenda de Wapentachio de 
Lonesdala cum iij carrucatis terrae in Kellet cum pertinentiis ad 
serjanteriam [et] pro confirmacione habenda de fugacione leporum 
ec vulpium. In th'ro xx.m. Et deb. x.m. 

Josured, Idthel, Osbertus, Arkem, Maddoc et Morgan, Philippus 
filii Jagornis presbyteri reddunt Compotum de x.in. et ij chas- 
curs per sic nequis eos vexet nisi in praesentia Regis. In th'ro 
xx.s. Et debent viij.m. et dim. et ij chascurs. 

Benedictus Gernet r.c. de xl.ui. pro habenda serjanteria 
forestae totius Comitatus et gratia Regis. In th'ro xx.li Et deb. 
x.m. 

Rogerus de Huntingefeld r.c. de cam. pro xv libris terree in 
Mendham, quod est in Honore de Lancastra. In th'ro c.lL Et 
deb. l.m. 

Ricardus de Venables & Agnes uxor ejus debent ij.m. pro 
breve de Morte antecessoris apud Westmonasterium de feodo dimi- 
dii Militis in Appelton versus Rogerum Constabularium Cestrae. 

Henricus de Waleton r.c. de j palefrido vel de as. pro habenda 
confirmacione Regis de xij Bovatis teme in Wavertre quos Rex 
dedit G[ilberto] patri suo dum esset Comes Moreton per servicium 
ij Marcarum. In th'ro x.s. Et debet iiij.li et x.s. 



ROLL OP 11 RICHARD I. AND 1 JOHN (1198-1199). 107 

Henricus de Eademan r.c. de xx.m. pro habenda custodia terne 
et hasredis Willelmi de Kelled et pro Relevio suo. In th'ro lib. 

E. Q. E. 

Adam Decanus de Lancastra r.c. de xxv.m. ut finis de xv.m. 
quam fecit pro habenda custodia terne et hceredis Ricardi filii 
Waldief et pro haerede maritando teneatur. In th'ro lib. in ij 
tallis. E. Q. E. 

De Scutagio Assiso ad duos Marcas. 

Idem vicecomes [reddit Compotum de] quater xx et xvj li. et 
viij.s. et x.d. de prsedicto Scutagio de Militibus Honoris Lan- 
castrian 

Front the Westmorland Pipe Boll, 11 BicJiard I. and 1 John. 

Gilebertus Alius Reinfridi r.c. de vij.li. et iij.s. et j.d. de firma 
Westmerieland de anno vj t0 . Et de xxj.li. et ix.s. et iij.d. de anno 
vij°. Et de xiiij.li. et vj.s. et iij.d. de anno viij°. Et de xiiij.lL et 
vj.s. et ij.d. de anno ix°. Et de xxviij.li. et vij.s. et x.d. de anno 
praeterito. Et de xxviij.li. et vij.s. et x.d. de hoc anno. In thro 
Nichil. Et in perdonis. Sumnia c. et xiiij.li. et v.d. In th'ro 

Nichil. Et in perdonis ipsi Gileberto c. et xiiij.li. et v.d. per 
quietantiam quam habet de Cornagio et aliis libertatibus suis per 
Cartam Regis Ricardi et per Cartam Regis Johannis per finem 
quam fecit cum Rege, qui infra annotantur per breve Regis. 

E. Q. E. 

Deprimo Scutagio assiso post primam Coronationem Regis Johannvt. 

Gilebertus filius Reinfridi habet Quietantiam de Scutagio suo 
per breve Justiciarii, de feodo duorum Militum. 

Gilebertus filius Reinfridi r.c. de c.li. pro Cartis suis confir- 
mandis et pro habendis furchiis et fossato in feodo quod tenet per 
servitium feodi Militis de Rege in Comitatu Lancastrian et.uX cou- 
ventio facta inter Regem Ricarduin et ipsum teneatur super 
quietanciam de Cornagio et pro tenenda terra in Kendale in pace 
quam habet de dono Regis Ricardi per plegium Johannis Briewerre 
de xxx.m. et per pleg. Radulphi Gernun de xxx.m. et per plt% 
Roberti de la Mare de xx.m. et per pleg. Ricardi de Vernun de 
x.m. et per pleg. Giletarti de Norfolch de xx.m. et per pleg. 
Ricardi Malebisse de xl.m. Sed respondebit inde in Lancastre in 
anno sequenti m. 15, dor so. 



108 THE LANCASHIRE PIPE ROLLS. 

NOTES ON THE PIPE ROLL OF 11 RICHARD I. AND 1 JOHN 

(MICH. 1198-MICH. 1199). 

Nicholas le Boteler as deputy Sheriff, again renders the account 
of the ferm of the Honor, but for three-fourths of the year only, 
viz., — for the quarter ending at Christinas, 1198, before Stephen 
de Turneham, received the charge of the county, and for the 
quarters ending respectively at the Nativity of St. John Baptist 
(24th June), and Michaelmas, 1199, after the said Stephen had 
held office for the Easter quarter. 

Kichard I. died in Normandy on the 6th April, 1199. The 
coronation of King John took place on the 27th May. It appears 
therefore that Theobald had been removed from office by King 
Eichard, but was replaced by King John to serve during the last 
six months of the fiscal year. 

By charter dated at Northampton, on the 7th June, King John 
created William Ferrers Earl of Derby, granting to him about the 
same time, many large estates, and inter alia the annual sum of 
£10, which the Sheriff' of Lancaster was accustomed to receive from 
the Sheriff of Nottingham, being a contribution of £5 each from 
the towns of Nottingham and Derby to the ferm of the Honor of 
Lancaster. 1 This sum was part of the third penny of the pleas of 
the two shires of Nottingham and Derby, the history of which 
carries us back to Saxon times, when each shire was under an 
ealdorman, who sat with the Sheriff and Bishop in the Folkmoot, 
and received a third part of the King's profits of the Sheriffwick. 
The grant of this third penny of the county was frequently the 
only estate or interest which connected the earl with the district 
from which his title was taken, thus attesting the official character 
of the earldom in early times in distinction to a territorial position 
such as that of the Knight. 2 It is probable that this sum of £10 
was an escheat which had fallen to the Crown upon the forfeiture 
of the fief of Count Roger the Poitevin in 1102, and that it had 
represented part of the Conqueror's assignment of lands and 
revenue to Count Eoger in the counties of Nottingham and 
Derby, after the conquest of England. 

A further outlay of 20 marks had been applied to the repair of 

1 " Villata de Nottingham debet reddere Honori de Lancastre o.b. per annum ; 
efc villata de Derbi c.s. quos Comes de Ferrariis capit nunc, et yicecomes Lanoastrie 
lion habet warrantum inde." Testa de Nevill, Vol. I, fol. 74. 

* StuWs History of England, Vol. I, p. 132. Selden's Titles of Honor, Edit, 
of 1614, pp. 229, 235. 



ROLL OF 11 RICIIARD I. AND 1 JOHN (1198-1199). 109 

Lancaster Castle, during the nine months of Theobald's adminis- 
tration. During Stephen de Turaeham's tenure of office, an 
expenditure of £8, authorised by the King's writ, had been made 
iu victuals for certain knights and esquires, who had been stationed 
in Lancaster Castle, after King Richard's death, to keep a watch 
upon the surrounding country ; the sum of £4 10s. being expended 
for the same purpose in the case of West Derby Castle. A further 
sum of 100s. had also been devoted to the repair of the former 
Castle. 

The county had proffered £20, — which was to be looked for in 
the Yorkshire Roll, — for respite from the Regard of the Forest. 

Nova oblata. — Under this heading are recorded the fines 
proffered by Lancashire free tenants for confirmation of charters 
granted by King John, when he was Count of Mortain, for the 
royal protection, for immunity from disturbance in their estates, 
and if summoned to prove their title, for the privilege of being 
heard before the King in the Curia Regis. No doubt the title of 
the possessors of certain lands and offices at the time of King 
John's accession, was not very secure. The sovereign was in 
honour bound to secure his loyal supporters in the possession of 
estates granted when he was Count of Mortain, which in some 
instances had been forfeited during the rebellion of 1194. 

William (le Fleming) de Furness proffered 60 marks and two 
chasours (hunters or chargers) for confirmation of his charter from 
the Count of Mortain, respecting his land and certain liberties in 
county Lancaster. 

Matthew Gernet £20 and two chasours, for confirmation of his 
charter. 

Robert (de Ainsdale), son of Osbert, 10 marks and one chasour, 
for confirmation of his estate in Crosby. 

Adam, son of Orm de Kellet, 30 marks, for confirmation of one 
carucate of land in Middleton in Lonsdale, and of the office of 
serjeant of the Wapentake of Lonsdale, with three carucates of 
land in Kellet appurtenant to that office, and for confirmation 
of the right to course hares and hunt foxes. 

Yarforth, Ithel, Osbert, Arkeim, Madoc, Morgan and Philip, 
the sons of Jargorn the Priest 10 marks, and two chasours, for the 
privilege of being impleaded only before the King in the Curia 
Regis (page 125). 

Benedict Gernet, 40 marks for confirmation of the office of 
Master Serjeant of the Forest of. Lancaster. 



112 THE LANCASHIRE PIPE ROLLS. 

seems to have changed his name to Walton. About twelve years 
later we are told by an Inquest how many Staffordshire persons 
were then holding Royal demesnes. One entry is : — ' Henricus de 
Waleton tenet vj. virgates terra? in Cestreton per cartam Regis 
Henrici et nichil reddit (he pays no rent to the King) et valet per 
annum xxx solidos/ (Testa de Nevill, p. 55). 

"A few years later still, and Henry de Walton diminished his 
estate at Chesterton by selling one virgate thereof to Henry de 
Audley. The transaction was sanctioned by K. Henry III. in a 
Charter of his eleventh year (a.d. 1227)." 



MAG. ROT. PIP., 2 JOH'IS I. (1199-1200). 

(Roll No. 46. m. 17.) 
Lancastra. 

Robertus de Tateshal reddit Compotum de cc.lL de firma 
Honoris de Lancastra. In th'ro lv.li. 

Et in terris Datis Willelmo de Valeines x.li. in Cofho. Et 
Willelmo filio Walkelini ix.li. in Stauenebi. Et Nigello de 
Oreseleia iiij.li. et xvj.s. in Drakelawe. Et Yictori lviij.s. in 
Wellingoure. Et Willelmo Marescallo xxxij.li. in Cartmel. Et 
Hugone Janitori xiij.li. et vj.s. et viij.d. in Crokeston pro Escambio 
hsereditatis suae de Corfham et Culminton. Et Roberto ruffo 1 

Comiti de Derebi x.li. quas vicecomes de Lancastra consuevit 
recipere per annum ab hominibus de Notingham, quae solebant 
pertinere ad tercium denarium Comitatus Lancastrian 

Et in Reparatione Domorum Regis de Lancastra iiij.li. et viij.s. 
et vj.d. et ob. per breve Regis. Et deb. lviij.li. et x.s. et x.d. Idem 
r.c. de eodem debito. In th'ro x.li. Et deb. xlviij.li. et x.s. et x.d. 
Idem r.c. de eodem debito. In th'ro c et xvj.s. et viij.d. Et 
debet xiij.li. et xiiij.s. et ij.d. Idem r.c. de eodem debito. In 
th'ro Nichil. Et Yerverth de Hilton xxiiij.s. in terra de Penelton 
per breve Regis. Et Matheo Gernet dim. m. in pastura de Catton 
per idem breve. Et Rogero de Huntingefeld xv.li. in terra quam 
tenet in Mend ham qu?e pertinet ad praedictum Honorem per idem 
breve. Et deb. xxvj.li. et iij.s. et vj.d. 

Idem r.c. de eodem debito. In th'ro Nichil. Et Roberto 
Ruffo xiij.li. in Navenebi de anno integro. Et Sarracen x.m. in 
terra quam ipsa habet in Croxton per breve Regis. Et deb. vj.li. 
et x.s. et ij.d. 

1 Cancelled. 



ROLL OF 2 JOHN I. (1199-1200). 113 

Idem r.c. de eodem debito. In th'ro Nichil. Et in Defalta 
exitus forestae de Lancastra c.s. de dimidio anno per breve Regis, 
De quibus Henricus de Nevill debet respondere. Et deb. xxx.s. 
et ij.d. 

Et in Reparatione Domoruni Regis de Lancastra iiij.li. et viij.s 
et vj.d. et ob. per breve Regis. 

Teobaldus Walteri r.c. de xxxj.li. et iiij.s. et vj.d. de Remanenti 
firma de Lancastra de anno pneterito. In th'ro xiij.li. Et deb. 
xviij.li. et iiij.s. et vj.d. 

De quibus Nicolaus Pincerna debet respondere. Sed respondet 
infra. 

Idem vicecomes r.c. de xxx.s. de cremento de CrossebL Et v.s. 
de cremento de Waleton de quarta parte anni. Et dim. in. de 
cremento de Wavertrie. Et xiij.s. et viij.d. de cremento de Mid- 
delton. Et v.s. de cremento de Putton. 

Robertus Arcliidecanus deb. xLm. pro defectu. 

Annas de Preston r.c. de xlix.s. et viij.d. quia retraxit se de 
Appello suo. In th'ro xx.s. Et deb. xxix.8. et viij.d. 

Henricus de Rademan [debet] iiij.li. pro habenda benevolentia 
Regis. 

Nicolaus Pincerna r.c. de xviij.li. et iiij.s. et vj.d. de remanenti 
firma sicut supra continetur. In th'ro Nichil. Et Matheo Gernet 
v.s. de tribus partibus anni. Et Rogero de Huntingfeld xj.li. et v.s. 
in Mendham de eisdem terminis. Et deb. vj.li. et xiiij.s. et vj.d. 

Teobaldus Walteri r.c. de iiij.li. de Remanenti Scutagio Honoris 
de Lancastra de primo Scutagio Regis Ricardi. Et de iiij.li. de 
Secundo Scutagio ejusdem Honoris. Et de iiij.li. de tercio Scutagio 
ejusdem Honoris. In th'ro Nichil. Et in perdonis Rogero haeredi 

Rogeri Esturmi lx.s. de prsedictis Scutagiis per breve Regis. Et 
deb. ix.li. pro piscaria de Oreford quae fuit de feodo ipsius Rogeri 
quahi Rex habet in manu sua sicut continetur in Rotulo xxxiij 
Anni Regis Henrici secundi. Et deb. ix.li. 

Idem vicecomes [debet] xij.d. de Benedicto Gernet de firma 
cujusdam domus in Lancastra quae fuit Jordani de Catton. Et 
xij.d. de hoc anno. 

Henricus filius Gileberti [del>et] viij.s. et x.d. pro habenda 
serjanteria sicut continetur in Rotulo viij°. [Regis Ricardi]. 

Andreas de Belchamp deb. j.m. ut conventus facta scribatur sicut 
in Rotulo x° [Regis Ricardi] sed requirendus est in Oxenefordscir. 

Comitatus Lancastre [debet] xx.li. pro quietancia ReguardL 



114 THE LANCASHIRE PIPE R0LL3. 

De Oblatis. 

Willelmus de Furneh r.c. de lxxvj.s. et viij.d. et ij Chascurs 
pro carta sua confirmanda, sicut c mtinetur in Rotulo praecedenti. 
In th'ro lxxvj.s. et viij.d. Et deb. ij chascurs. 

Matheus Gernet [debet] ij chascurs pro confirmationo Cartas 
suae. 

Robertas filias Osberti r.c. de v.m. et j chascur pro confir- 
matione Carte suae de Crossebi. In th'ro iiij.m. Et deb. j.m. et 
j chascur, 

Adam Alius Orm [debet] x.m. pro confirmatione j Carrucatte 
sicut continetur in Kotulo praecedenti. 

Jorverd et alii qui annotantur in Rotulo praecedenti r.c. de 
viij.m. et dim et ij chascurs per sicut nequis eos vexet nisi in 
praesentia Regis. In th'ro viij.m. et dim. Et deb. ij chascurs. 

Benedictus Gernet [debet] x.m. pro habenda serjanteria forestae 
totius Comitatus et gratia Regis. 

Rogerus de Huntingfeld r.c. de l.m. pro xv libratis terrae in 
Mendham quod est in Honore de Laneastra. In th'ro lib. 

E. Q. E. 

Ricardus de Venables et Agnes uxor ejus debent ij.m. pro brevi 
de morte antecessoris sicut continetur in Rotulo praecedenti. 

Henricus de Waleton r.c. de iiij.li. et x.s. pro hatanda confirma- 
tione Regis sicut continetur in Rotulo praecedenti. In th'ro x.s. 
Et deb. iiij.li. 

Dc Primo Scutaffio assiso ad duns Marcos. 

Idem vicecomes r.c. de quater xx et xvj.li. et viij.s. et x.d. de 
praedicto scutagio de Militibus Honoris Lancastrian In th'ro 
Nichil. 

Et Gileberto filio Reinfridi j.m. de feodo dimidii Militis sicut 
vicecomes elicit per breve Regie. Et Willelmo Pincerme xiiij.m. de 
feodo vij Milittim per pnvdictum breve. Et Roberto Gresle 
x xiiij.m. de feodo xij Militum per piwdictum breve. Et Rogero de 
Muntbegun xvj.m. de feodo viij Militum per praedictum breve. 
Et Rogero Constabulario Cestriaj xvj.m. de feodo viij Militum per 
praedictum breve. Et deb. xlix.li. et ij.s. et ij.d. 

Nova Oblata. 

Milites et theini de honore Lancastriae r.c. deccli. et x chascurs 
pro confirmatione Carta) suae de libertatibus forestae et pneterea 
cc et xx.li. de Arerugiis ejusdem finis. In thro xlij.li. Et deb. 



ROLL OF 2 JOHN I. (1199-1200). 115 

c et lviij.li. et x chascurs et praeterea cc et xx.li. de areragiis 
ejusdem finis. Idem r.c. de eodem debito. In th'ro quater xx et 
xiiij.li. etij.s. et ix.d. Et deb. cc et quater xx.li. et lxxvij.s. et iij.d. 

Burgenses de Lancastra r.c. de xl.m. pro confirmatione Cartas 
sua?. In th'ro xxx.ra. Et deb. x.m. 

Willelmus de Hest r.c. de c.s. pro confirmatione Cartae su*e. 
In th'ro xx.s. Et deb. iiij.li. 

Hugo filius Esward r.c. de xl.s. pro confirmatione Cartae suae. 
In th'ro lib. E. Q. E, 

Walterus de Paries r.c. de ij.m. pro confirmatione Cartas ipsiua 
Hugonis. In th'ro xxij.s. Et deb. iiij.s. et viij.d. 

Suanus filius Roberti r.c. de xl.s. pro confirmatione Carta suae. 
In th'ro xxx.s. Et deb. x.s. 

Warinus Janitor r.c. de xl.s. pro custodia portae de Lancastra 
et prison® et pro confirmatione Cartae suae. In th'ro xxiij.s. Et 
deb. xvij.s. 

Yerverht de Hilton r.c. de xx.m. et vij chascurs pro Pendelton 
quam dominus Rex dedit in Escambio de Burton et Bosci de 
Kerehal, quae, ei dederat dum fuit Comes Moriton, et pro Caita 
Regis habenda. In th'ro xx.m. Et debet vij chascurs. 

Rogerus de Hetton [debet] xv.m. pro habenda saisina de 
quadam terra de Brome quale habuit die quo Teobaldus Walteri 
dissaisivit eum et cartam suam abstulit ut dicit unde debet fieri 
inquisitio de ablatione cartae et debet habere cartam secundum 
formam prioris cartse. Sed inquisitum fuit. 

Hugo Buissel r.c. de xx.m. pro habenda Carta Regis de terra 
de Pendrecham quam recuperavit per juditiuni Curiae Regis dum 
fuit Comes Moriton. In th'ro xj.ra, Et deb. ix.m. 

Idem H[ugo] deb. xl.m. et iij chaecurs pro litteris de morte 
antecessoris de terra sua de Brocton in Notingham et pro in- 
quisitione facienda de Torp in Sudfolch uter fuerit dosGivae sororis 
Radulfi de Glanvilla de feodo Ricardi de Bosevilla necne, et pro 
recto inde habendo. 

Warinus de Whitingham deb. xl.s, pro litteris patentibus de 
protectione. Matheus filius Willelmi deb, xx.li. pro Catallis suis 
habendis quae Hamo de Masci ei abstulit. Sed de Catallis ipsis 
debent pacari ipsae xx.li, 

Ricardus Fiton r.c. de v.m. pro habenda saisina Bosci do 

Herwudesholm quod recuperavit per breve de morte antecessoris 

in Curia Regis dum fuit Comes Moriton, et unde dissaisitus fuit 

quando Comes fuit dissaisitus. In th'ro xLs. Et deb. ij.m. 

I 2 



116 THE LANCASHIRE PIPE ROLLS. 

Orm de Eston deb. xx.li. pro catallis suis habendis qua3 
similiter capta fuerunt et dcbent eodem modo pacari. 

Willelmus filius Adas deb. xl.s. pro catallis suis habendis quae 
Robertus Juvenis ei abstulit et debent pacari de eisdeni CatalliH. 

Hugo Norrensis r.c. de x.ni. et ij chascurs pro confirinatione 
Carta* sua\ In th'ro viij.m. Et deb. ij.m. et ij chascurs. 

Elyas h'lius Robert! r.c. de xl.s. pro confirinatione cartoB sua?. 
Et do xl.m. et ij chascurs pro magisteria serjanteria hundredi de 
Samibrd habenda in feodo et pro carta Regis inde habenda. In 
th'ro xiij.li, Et deb. xv.li. et xiij.s. et iiij.d. 

Rogerus de Stanword r.c. de xl,s. pro confirinatione Cartas siue. 
In th'ro lib. E. Q. E. 

Henricus filius Warini r.c. de xx.m. pro confirinatione Cartae 
sua* et litteris protectionis habendis. In th'ro viij.m. Et deb. 
xij.m. 

Arcturus de Eston r.c. de xx.m. pro confirinatione Carta? sua 1 . 
In th'ro x.m. Et deb. x.m. 

Geroldus deClaiton r.c. de xijjn. pro Carta sua confirmanda do 
Serjanteria de Leiland. In th'ro vij.ni. Et deb. v.m. 

Idem G[eroldus] deb. xv.in. et iij chascurs pro habenda terra 
de Swaineseste quam Rex dum Comes fuit ei dederat et undo 
Teobaldus Walteri cum disHaisivit et cartam suam ei abstulit ut 
elicit, unde debet fieri inquisitio et Uabebit cartam suam secundum 
furmam prioris Carta*. 

Burgenses de Preston r.c. de lx.m. et iiij chascurs pro confirina- 
tione Carta; sua*. In th'ro xxx.m. Et deb. xxx.in, et iiij chascurs. 

Gamel filius Gamel deb. v.m. pro confirinatione oartaj sua?. 

Robertus de Annovesdala deb. v.m. pro habendo brevi de pro- 
tectione ne ponatur in placitum de aliquo tenemento suo nisi 
coram Hoge vel per breve Regis et ut sit quietus de sectis et 
hundredis et da Omnibus placitis et querelis excepto Murdro et 
latrocinio et aliis qua? spectant ad coronam Regis. 

Robertus de Haccumeho deb. x.m. pro habenda confirmatione 
Regis de iiij Bovatis terne in Ilacumeho secundum quod Rex ei 
ooniirmavit dum fuit Conies Moriton, 

Prior de I^incastra r.c. de ij bonis palefridis vel de x.m. pro 
habenda protectione ne trahatur in placitum de aliquo tene- 
lnentorum suorum nisi coram Rego vel capitali Justiciario et pro 
habendis ecclosiis suis cum capellis et omnihus rebus suis in 
honore de Lincastra secundum testimonium cartaruin suarum et 
praxipue pro habendis decimis suis plenarie cum omnibus domi- 




ROLL OF 2 JOIIN I. (1199-1200). 117 

nicis Regis sive Rex ilia habuit in manu sua sive non, sicut Rex 
eis concessit et litteris suis patentibus eis confirmavit dum esset 
Comes Moriton. In th'ro lib. x.m. in ij tallis. E. Q. E. 

Walterus de Tirinton et Ricardus de Brexes deb. j.m. pro 
habenda loquela de appellatione de Roberia versus Stepbanum 
Pincernam et Adam Banastre in Curia Regis apud Westinonas- 
terium. 

Hugo de Morevilla r.c. de xv.m. et iij bonis palefridis pro 
curia sua habenda de liberlatibus suis de Tol et theam et Infan- 
genethief et de furco et de Judicio ferri et aquae et aliis Kberta- 
tibus, exceptis his quae pertinent ad coronam quamdiu Helewisa 
uxor ejus duravit in habitu seculari. In th'ro c.s. Et deb. as. 
et iij bonos palefridos. 

Abbas de Furneis r.c. de c.li. pro Cartis suis renovandis et ut 
sit quietus de auxilio Carrucagii In th'ro lxxv.lL et vj.s. et x.d. 
Et deb. xxiiij.li. et xiij.s. et ij.d. Idem r.c. de eodem debito. In 
th'ro Nichil. Et in perdonis ipsi Abbati xxiiij.li. et xiij.s. et ij.d. 
per breve Regis quia vicecomes recoguovit coram Baronibus quod 
praedictos denarios recepit de Canucis hominum Abbatis. Et ita 
Quietus est. 

Willelmus de Radeclive [debet] x.m. pro habenda inquisitione 
uter dedit Nicolao de Quercu per districtionem prisons dum fuit 
in prisona duas carrucatas terrae in Hertesheued an non. 

Gilebertus filius Reinfiidi 1 r.c de c.li. et ij palefridis pro 
Cartis suis confinnandis et pro habendis furchis et fossatis in 
feodo quod tenet per servitium feodi Militis de Rege in Comitatu 
Lancastriae et ut conventus facta inter ipsuni et Regem Ricardum 
teneatur super quietantiam de Cornagio et pro tenenda terra 
in Kendal' in pace quam habet de dono Regis Ricardi. In th'ro 
l.li. Et deb. l.li. et ij palefridos. Idem r.c. de eodem debito. 
In th'ro Lli. Et deb. ij palefridos. 

Henricus de Rademan deb. xx.m. — sed Quietus est in Rotulo 
pnecedenti — pro habenda custodia terrae et haeredis Willelmi de 
Kelled et pro relevio suo. 

Adam decanus de Lancastra debet xxv.m. — sed Quietus est in 
Rotulo pnecedenti — ut finis quern fecit de xv.m. pro habenda 
custcdia terrae et haeredis Ricardi filii Waldief et pro haerede 
maritando teneatur. 

1 Lane. Gillebertus filius Reinfridi dat. domino Regi c.li. et ij. palefridos, pro 

confinnandis cartis suis et pro habenda nova libera curia, furca et 

aqua. Fine Roll, 1 John, i». 2. 



118 THB LANCASHIRE PIPE ROLLS. 

Yervcrd et fratres sui debent as. pro haben.lis catallis suis 
qiue Nicolaus Pincerna cepit. 



NOTES ON THE TIPE ROLL OF 2 JOHN (MICH. 1199-MICH. 1200). 

Robert cle Tatteshall, who held tweuty-five knights' fees in 
Lincolnshire under the Earl of Chester, succeeded Theobald 
Walter as Sheriff of Lancaster after Michaelmas, 1199. He had 
just succeeded to the Lordship of Tatteshall after the death of his 
father, Philip de Tatteshall, and had the previous year found 
sureties for his relief of £100. 

Repairs had been effected during the year to that portion of 
Lancaster Castle devoted to the accommodation of the sovereign, his 
officers and train upon the occasion of a visit of the Court to Lancaster, 
and to the accommodation of the Justices in Eyre, during their 
periodical visits to hold the Assizes there. 

The Sheriff claims allowance this year for several new grants 
out of the royal estate, and for lands restored to certain of the 
King's old adherents who had suffered forfeiture in the year 1194. 

By Charter dated at Chinon, October 10th, 1199, King John 
granted and confirmed to Yarforth de Hulton, the town of Pendle- 
ton, in exchange for Burtonwood and Kersall wood which he had 
given him whilst he was Count of Mortain, to hold by the service 
of one-sixth part of a knight's fee. 

To Matthew Gernet be confirmed the grant of half a markate 
of land in the pasture of Caton. 

To Eoger de Huntingfield the fifteen librates in Mendham, for 
which the said Roger had made fine the previous year. 

To Robert le Rous thirteen librates in Navenby. 

To Sorozina de Apegard ten markates in Crox ton-Key riall, 
which had been in the King's hands since the year 1194 (page 80). 

The bailiwick of the Forest of Lancaster had been in the King's 
hands for six months of the year, before the King restored it to 
Benedict Gernet. Henry de Nevill was answerable for the issues 
for the half year; but as the entry respecting this matter in the 
Roll of the following year has been cancelled, it is probable that 
P>enedict Gernet had already recovered possession and answered 
to the Sheriff for his form, as in the usual course. 

The balance of the account of the year's ferm leaves the Sheriff 
a creditor for £2 18.9. 4£rf., which does not appear to have been 
afterwards refunded to him. 

Theobald Walter and Nicholas le Pcteler account for the 




roll of 2 JonN I. (1199-1200). 119 

balance of £31 4s. 6d. remaining unaccounted for in the account 
of the previous year. The sum of £13 paid into the Treasury is 
no doubt the ferni of Navenby to Michaelmas, 1199, when Robert 
le Rous regained possession. Matthew Gernet entered into pos- 
session of the pasture of Catou at Christmas, 1198; Roger de 
Huntingfield of his Mendliam estate at the same time. 

The increment of ferm from Crosby, Walton, Wavertree, 
Middleton, and Foul ton in Lonsdale had been proffered by the 
respective holders of those estates, in consideration of King 
John's grants of confirmation, already noticed. 

Eoger, son and heir of Eoger Esturmy, had not yet discharged 
his liability in connection with the three scutages of King Richard's 
reign. He had obtained remission of the quota due from the fee 
remitted when his father rendered the fishery of Oreford to King 
Henry II. (page 66), and he still owes £9 for the quota due from 
his three remaining fees. What is here described as "primum 
Scutagium Regis Ricardi," clearly refers to the Scutage for the 
King's redemption. 

De oblatis. — The various sums still due for confirmation of 
charters, of which notice has already been taken (page 109), are 
recapitulated under this heading. 

De Primo Scutagio assiso ad duas marcas. — All the great 
feudatories of the Honor had performed military service with 
King John in Normandy, and consequently obtained remission of 
their quota to this scutage. The number of fees is in several 
instances incorrectly stated. The exact figures are given in the 
Roll of the following year. 

Nova oblata. — The Knights and Thanes, having lands within 
the precincts of the Forest of Lancaster had been called upon to 
pay the arrears, — amounting to £220 — remaining due from the 
time when the King, as Count of Mortain, had granted them a 
charter of liberties of the Forest. For confirmation of this 
charter they now proffered the further sum of £200. The original 
charter had been cancelled when King Richard took the Honor of 
Lancaster into his own hands, in the Spring of 1194. 

The original charter of liberties granted by Count John of 
Mortain to the town of Lancaster, dated at Dorchester on the 
12th June, 1193, is preserved among the Municipal Records at 
Lancaster. By charter dated at Chinon, on the 10th October, 
1199, King John confirmed his former charter; but whereas the 
first contained a grant of similar liberties to those which he had 



120 THE LANCASHIRE PIPE ROLLS. 

conceded to his burgesses of Bristol, the confirmation in lieu 
thereof conferred such liberties as King Henrv his father had 
granted to the town of Northampton. For this confirmation the 
townsmen of Lancaster proffered the sura of 40 marks. 

A long list of the names of those who had obtained confir- 
mation of their charters granted by Count John, follows below, 
with details of the estates and the sums proffered for confir- 
mation. 

William de Hest, 100«. for confirmation of half a carucate of 
land in Hest to hold by the service of 8s. ; and of one carucate 
in Middleton to be held in thanage by the service of 1 mark. 

Hugh, son of Esward, 40s. for confirmation of the town of 
Poulton in Lonsdale, containing one carucate to hold by the 
service of 15s. Walter de Paries, 2 marks for confirmation of the 
same estate, which Hugh and Godith his wife had given him in 
marriage with their daughter Matilda. An increment of 5s. is 
disclosed in the service to be thenceforth rendered. 

Swain, son of Robert de Hothersall. 40s. for confirmation of 
Hothersall (2 oxgangs), to be held in thannge by the service of 5s., 
an increment of 3s. in the yearly render. The charter passed at 
Verneuil, 12th October, 1199. 

Warin, the Porter, 40s. for confirmation of the office of warder 
of the gate and of the prisoners in T,ancaster Castle, and for his 
corody in the Castle as a chief Serjeant. 

Jorverth de Hulton, 20 marks and seven chasours for Pendleton 
(page 118). 

Roger de Heaton, 15 marks for seisin of the estate of Broune 
(now Bourne Hall, in Thornton), of which he had been dis- 
po3sessed by Theobald Walter, who had taken his charter of this 
estate from him. There was to be an enquiry into the matter, 
which resulted later in the grant of a new charier, which passed 
at Aslacton, Kith March, 1201. For various acts of injustice to 
mesne tenants in Amounderness, King John about this time 
deprived Theolwild Walter of the hundred, together with the 
profits and advantages which had been included in the grant by 
King Richard in the year 1194 (page 81). 

Upon the death of Richard Bussel, contention had arisen 
between his brothers Albert and Geoffrey, respecting their 
respective rights to the Barony of Penwortham. When John, 
Count of Mortain, received Lancaster, Hugh Bussel had succeeded 
his father Albeit, and soon afterwards he substantiated his claim 



ROLL OF 2 JOHN I. (1199-1200). 121 

against his uncle Geoffrey and recovered the Barony by the 
verdict of the Count's court at Lancaster. This was further 
confirmed by King John, by charter dated at Chinon, on the 11th 
October, 1199, for which Hugh had proffered 20 marks. The 
following year, however, Robert Bussel, son of Geoffrey, obtained 
the King's consent for a new trial, as will be seen in due course. 

Hugh Bussel had also proffered 40 marks and three chasours for 
a writ of mart & ancestor respecting Broughton in Nottinghamshire 
(sic, Leicestershire), and for an enquiry as to whether Thorp 
Bussel in Suffolk had been of the dower of Giva, sister of 
Ranulph Glanvill, of the fee of Richard Bussel or not, and for a 
writ of right in that behalf. Owing to the loss of many of the 
Curia Regis Rolls, of the reign of King John, information 
respecting the suit is incomplete, but in the Easter Term, 11 John, 
Roger de Morieux was summoned to the Curia Regis to show by 
what right and warranty he obtruded himself in one knight's fee 
in Gunthorpe, in co. Suffolk, which belonged to the Honor of 
Penwortham. In his answer he pleaded that Richard Bussel, of 
whose inheritance it was, gave Thorpe to Henry de Glanvill, 
father of Ranulph Glanvill, for his homage and service ; that 
Henry gave it to Adam de Biannery in marriage with Giva his 
daughter, whose son and heir, Adam de Biannery, gave it to 
Geoffrey de Morieux, brother of Roger the defendant, for his 
homage and service ; that he, Roger, is heir of the said Geoffrey, 
and that the charter is in the custody of Alexander his brother, 
on behalf of his mother, together with King Henry's confirmation 
of the Bame. The Court decided that a jury of twelve knights 
of the county of Lancaster and as many of the county of Suffolk 
should be summoned. There does not appear to be any record 
of the judgment. Thorpe is now called Thorpe-Morieux, from 
the ancient owners here named. 

The writ of vwrt dC ancestor respecting Broughton in Leicester- 
shire was doubtless in connection with the death of Geoffrey de 
Valoines in 2 Richard I., to whom it had been granted by Richard 
Bussel. Henry Falconer held it about this time, but by what title 
it does not appear. 

Warin de Whittingham had proffered 405. for letters of 
protection. To this entry in the Fine Roll is the note " Non 
habet eas." 

Matthew, son of William, £20 for restitution of his cattle 
which Hamon de Masci had taken from him. This sum was to be 



122 TIIE LANCASHIRE PIPE ROLLS. 

paid out of the value of the cattle, as it appears. He held one 
knight's fee in Withington of Robert Grelley, jointly with his 
brother Rotart. He was probably father of Matthew de Haversage. 

Onn de Ashton 1 had also been deprivocl of his cattle. He 
proffers £20 for restitution, to be paid in the same way. 

Richard Fitton, 5 marks for seisin of Harwood-holme wood 
which he had recovered in the court of Count John of Mortain, 
by writ of mort d! ancestor, but had lost it when John was 
dispossessed of the Honor of Lancaster. The suit had probably 
been instituted against Roger, constable of Chester, or Albreda de 
Lizours after the death of Robert de Lacy in the year 1193. Sir 
Richard Fitton of Bollin, father of the first named Richard, had 
received the manor of Great Harwood by grant from Heniy de 
Lacy in the time of King Stephen, 

William, son of Adam, 40s. for restitution of his cattle, which 
Robert Young had taken. 

Hugh Norreis, 10 marks and two chasours for confirmation of 
Blackrod (1 carucate), to hold by homage and service of 20s., an 
increment of 10s. This grant had been previously confirmed by 
King Richard (page 86). 

Elias, son of Robert de Fendlebury, 40s., for confirmation of 
Pendlebury (1 carucate), to hold in thanage by the service of 10s., 
and 40 marks and two chasours for confirmation of the office of 
master serjeant of the Wapentake of Sal ford, to which also 
appertained the duty of answering to the King for the issues of 
the Wapentake. The duties attached to this office appear to have 
been the following : — To execute the mandates of the King's 
Courts by writ and summons, and by the summons of the King's 
Exchequer by precept of the Sheriff; to execute the judgments of 
the County Court of Lancaster and of the Wapentake, to deliver 
summonses, make attachments and levy distraints by the Sheriffs 

1 "Albert Grelley II. pave to Orm, son of jEilward in marriage with his dau. 
Emma, 1 car. of land in Kston (Ashton-under-Lyne) by the yearly service of 10#." 
Tetta, II. f. 823. This vould be in the time of Henry II. Orm assumed the 
surname " de Ashton " from this estate, and was father of Koger de Ashton, to 
whom Albert Grelley III. confirmed the grant of Ashton. Kverden MSS, t Coll. 
of Arms, Vol. III., K., fol. 6b. Ha Hand and others have erroneously assumed that 
the above "Eston" was Urmston, instead of Ashton-under-l yne. Urmston was 
not a member of the Barony of Manchester, and *as never in the possession of 
the Grelley family. It formed part of the estate of Roger de Marsey, who was in 
ward to Kustaco de Mt rton in the 12-13 John. Ho afterwards disposed of his 
Lancashire estates- including Urmston— to Ranulph lilundevill, Earl of Chester, 
from whom they pa^ed to William de Fen era, Earl of Derby. 



ROLL OF 2 JOHN I. (1199-1200). 123 

precepts or those of the warden for the time being of the King's 
lands ; and to execute the judgments of the Sheriffs Turn, and 
all other duties appertaining to the bailiwick of serjeanty of 
fee. 1 

Henry de Lee, son of Warin de Lancaster, 20 marks for con- 
firmation of King Henry's grant to his father of Kavensmeols, 
Ainsdale, Up-Litherland and French Lea, with eight denariatcs 
rent in the borough of Preston, to hold by the service of Falconry, 
which grant the King had previously confirmed when he was 
Count of Mortain. 

Arthur de Ashton, 20 marks for confirmation of one carucate of 
land in Ashton, Tulketh and Ingol, to hold in thanage by the 
service of 10s. 

Gerold de Clayton, 12 marks for confirmation of the serjeanty 
of the Wapentake of Leyland ; and 15 marks for restitution of 
the estate of Swainsete granted to him when the King was Count 
of Mortain, and of which Theobald Walter had dispossessed him 
and taken away his charter. After enquiry into this statement, a 
charter of confirmation was granted — like many others at this 
time — at Chinon, on the 10th October, 1199. 

The King, while Count of Mortaiu, had confirmed the charter 
of King Henry II. to the men of Preston, and had then granted 
them certain additional liberties. This confirmation does not 
appear to have been preserved, and was probably — like many 
others — destroyed by Theobald Walter after the events of the 
year 1194. In consideration of the 60 marks and three chasours 
proffered by the burgesses, King John confirms their previous 
charters, granting them toll of the Wapentake of Amounderness, 
a free fair on the fea3t of the Assumption, and seven days after, 
i.e. on the 15th to 22nd August, and free pasturage in the wood 
called Fulwood, and housebote by the view of the Foresters. 

Game!, son of Gamel, was no doubt a villein who had purchased 
the freedom of the borough of Preston from Count John. He 
proffers 5 marks, and obtains a confirmation of the freedom of the 
borough for himself and his descendants, and a grant in fee of his 
dwelling houses in Preston. 

ltobert de Ainsdale, 5 marks for letter of protection for himself 
and his free tenants against molestation by any King's bailiff', and 
for the privilege of being impleaded concerning his tenements, only 
in the Curia Eegis, and for acquittance from suits of Shire and 

1 Escaeta. 17 Edward II. No. 45. 



124 THE LANCASHIRE PIPE ROLLS. 

Wapentake, and from all pleas, except pleas of the Crown. 
This confirmation passed at Bourg-le-Eoi, on the 16th September, 
1199. 

Robert de Hackensall, 10 marks for confirmation of four 
oxgangs of land in Hackensall and Preesall, which his father Hugh 
held by serjeanty, which Count John had previously confirmed. 
The confirmation charter also granted the privilege of being 
impleaded only before the King or his officers, and took the said 
Hugh generally under the King's protection. 

The Trior of Lancaster, two good palfreys or 10 marks for the 
privilege of being impleaded concerning any tenement or estate 
only in the Curia Regis, and for confirmation of the churches and 
chapels granted to the church of St. Mary, and particularly of the 
tithes in the royal demesnes, whether in hand, granted out or set 
to farm, according to the Kings former confirmation. The writ to 
the Sheriff of Lancaster, directing him to give the Prior full 
possession, was dated at York, 26th March, 1200. 

Walter de Thornton and Richard de Brexes had obtained 
authority to bring an appeal of robbery against Adam Banastre and 
Stephen le Boteler. The writ summoned the parties to attend at 
Westminster on the quinzaine of Easter, 1200, upon which date 
the defendants failed to appear. 

Hugh de Morvill, 15 marks and three good palfreys for the 
royal grant to himself and Hawise 1 his wife, of a free court and 
liberties of toll and team, infangenethef, gallows, and trial by fire 
and water in their Manor of Carstang, together with all other 
liberties of trial, except pleas of the Crown. The grant to remain 
in force so long as his wife wore the secular dress, i.e. so long as 
she was entitled to the full enjoyment of dower right, in the 
estates of her former husband, William de Lancaster II. 

The Abbot of Furness, £100 for confirmation of the charters of 
that house, and for remission of the carucagc, or tax upon plough 
teams levied this year throughout the country. Accordingly the 
sum of £24 13s. 2d. of this fine was remitted, the Sheriff having 
acknowledged before the Barons of the Exchequer that he had 

1 Ilelewise or Ilawise do Stutevill is stated by Dodsworth to have been the 
daughter of Robert de Stutevill. William de Lancaster, her first husband, died 
before the accession of Richard I. ; Hugli de Morvill, her second husband, died 
8 John. Of her first husband's estate she was endowed with lands in Lonsdale of the 
joarly value of 100*., and in Amoundernees of the value of 10*. Testa, Vol. II., 
fol. 6'52. Of de Morrill's estate her dower lands were valued at £30. She fined with 
King John to marry whom she would. Testa, Vol. II., fol. 694. 



roll of 2 JOHN I. (1199-1200). 125 

received that sum from the Abbot's men for their plough teams. 
If the levy was at the rate of 1 mark per team, the Abbey at this 
time possessed some 37 teams, equivalent to an area of about 2,000 
acres annually under wheat, barley, oats, and peas. 

William de Itadcliffe, 10 marks for an enquiry whether he had 
given Nicholas Oakes two carucates of land in Harteshead, 1 under 
compulsion of confinement while in prison, or not. 

Gilbert fitz Reinfred, £100 and two palfreys for confirmation 
of King Richard's charters, viz., — acquittance throughout his lands 
in Kendal and Westmorland of cornage or noutgeld amounting to 
£14 6s. 3rf., and from suits of shire and wapentake, &c. In lieu 
thereof the service of one knight's fee was henceforth to be 
performed by the said Gilbert and his heirs in respect of the said 
lands (page 74). Also for confirmation of 16 carucates of land 
in Levens with the fishery, Farleton, Beetham, Preston-Patrick, 
Holme, Burton, Hincaster, Preston-Richard, and Lupton, and the 
fishery appurtenant to these lands, for his homage and service, to 
hold in fee and inheritance by the service of one knight's fee 
(page 75). For the former charter Gilbert had proffered King 
Richard 60 marks, and for the latter £100. 

King John also granted him, in consideration of the proffered 
donum, the following liberties within his knight's fee, held of the 
Honor of Lancaster, viz. : — «a free court, gallows and pit, 2 soke and 
sake, toll and team, and infangenethef , and also a market at Warton, 
on Wednesday in each week. These charters passed at Porchester 
on the 25th and 26th April, 1200. 

In Hillary Term, 4 John, Jorverth de Hulton was suing 
Nicholas le Boteler for robbery and forcible detention of his 
cattle. The defence was that Yarforth had brought the same 
indictment against Nicholas in the time of King Richard, that the 
suit had then been dismissed because felony was included in the 
indictment, where felony would not lie. At the following Easter, 

1 Hartshead is a division of the parish of Ashton-under-Lyne, co. Lancashire. 
In Domesday Hortesbve was part of llbert de Lacy's fief ; the land was two caru- 
cates, and the tenant's name was Elsi. In Kirkby's Inquest of Yorkshire, it is 
included under the King's lordship of the Wapentake of Morley. The mesne 
tenant was Richard de Radclire. 

* The higher jurisdiction granted by the King to a Baron, Earl, Bishop or Abbot 
and appurtenant to his Court with Soke and Sake, Toll and Team, and Infan- 
genethef, included the right to erect gallows for the execution of capital punishment 
upon men, and to sink a pit or ditch in which to drown women convicted of 
larceny. Ducange, sub voce fossa t /urca. 



126 THE LANCASHIRE PIPE ROLLS. 

the parties came to ail agreement, Nicholas giving Yarforth 
2 marks, and the latter withdrawing his appeal. It will be noticed 
that Yarforth de Hulton, son of Bleddyn, and Jorverth, son of 
Jagorn the priest, both had brothers of the name of Madoc, and 
that both of these individuals were about this time taking action 
against Nicholas le Boteler, the late deputy Sheriff, for recovery of 
cattle distrained. The Welsh names borne by these men, leaves 
no doubt as to their nationalitv. 



MAG. HOT. PIP., 3 JOH'IS (1200-1201). 

(Eoll No. 47. m. 20.) 

Zancastria. 

Eicardus de Vermin reddit Compotum de cc.li. de firma Honoris 
de Lancastra. In th'ro xliij.li. et v.s. et vj.d. 

Et in terris Datis Willelmo de Valeines x.li. in Cofho. Et 
Willelmo filio Walkelini ix.li. in Stavenesbi. Et Nigello de 
Greselea iiij.li. et xvj.s. in Drakelawe. Et Victori lviij.s. in Wel- 
lingoure. Et Willelmo Marescallo xxxij.li. in Cartmel. Et Yer- 
verht de Hilton xxiiij.s. in terra de Penelton. Et Matheo Gernet 
dim. m. in pastura de Catton. Et Eogero de Huntingfeld xv.li. in 

terra quam tenet in Mendham, quie pertinet ad praedietum 
Honorem. Et Eoberto Euffo xiij.li. in Navenebi. Et Comiti de 
Perebi x.li. quas Vicecomes de Lancastra consuevit recipere per 
annum ab hominibus de Notingham, quae solebant pertinere ad 
tercium denarium Coniitatus Lancashire. Et Hugoni Janitori 
xx.m. in Croxton pro Escambio haereditatis suae de Corfham et 
Culminton. Et in eadem villa de Croxton Sarracenae x.m. Et in 

Defalta Exitus forestae de Lancastra x.li. de quibus Henricus de 
Nevill debet respondere. Et deb. c. et v.li. et iij.s. et ij.d. 
xxxviij.lL et viij.s. xv.s. et x.d. vj.d. 

Et in Custamento. 

Idem vicecomes r.c. de cm. de Cremento Comitatus facto per 
ipsum vicecomitem. In th'ro lib. E. Q. E. 

Eobertus de Tateshal r.c. de xxx.s. de Cremento de Crossebi. 
Et de v.s. de Cremento de Waleton. Et de dim. m. de cremento 
dc Wavertree. Et de xiij.s. et viij.d. de Cremento de Middelton. 
Et de v.s. de cremento de Pulton de anno pneterito sicut conti- 
netur in Kotulo piwcedenti. In th'ro lib*, in v tallis. E. Q. E. 

Idem \icecoincs r.c. de xxx.s. de Cremento de Crossebi. Et-de 



ROLL OF 3 JOHN I. (1200-1201). 127 

xx.s. de Cremento de Waleton. Et de dim. in. de cremeuto de 
Wavertrie. Et de xiij.s. et viij.d. de Cremento de Middelton. Et 
de v.s. de Cremento de Pulton. Et de iij.s. de Cremento de 
Hudereshal hoc auno. Et de x.s. de cremento de Blakerode. In 
th'ro lib. in vij tallis. E. Q. E. 

Annas de Preston r.c. de xxix.s. et viij.d. quia retraxit se de 
duello. In th'ro lib. E. Q. E. 

Henricus de Bademan r.c. de iiij.li. pro habenda benevolentia 
Kegis Eicardi. In th'ro lib. E. Q. E. 

Nicolaus Pincerna r.c. de vj.li. et xiiij.s. et vj.d. de Eenianenti 
firma sicut continetur in Eotulo prceeedenti. In th'ro NichiL 
Et in villa de Croxton Saracenae c.s. de tribus partibus anni. Et 
deb. xxxiiij.s. et vj.d. 

Teobaldus Walteri deb. ix.li. de Eemanenti Scutagio Honoris 
de Lancastra de primo et secuudo et tercio Scutagio Eegis Eicardi, 
De quibus praedictus Nicolaus recognovit quod debet inde respon* 
dere. 

Eobertus de Tateshal r.c. de ij.s. de Benedicto Gernet de firma 
cujusdam domus in Lancastra, quae fuit Jordani de Catton de ij 
annis pntteritis. In th'ro lib, in j tallo, E. Q. E. 

Idem vicecomes [debet] xij,d. de praedicta firma domus de Iioq 
anno. 

Henricus filius Gileberti r.c. de viij.s, et x.d, pro habenda 
Serjanteria sicut continetur in Eotulo viij°. In th'ro lib, 

E. Q. E. 

Comitatus Lancastre [debet] xx,li. pro quietantia reguardi. 

"Willelmus de Furneis r.c, de iiij.li. pro ij chascurs pro carta 
sua confirmanda, sicut continetur in Eotulo primo. In th'ro lib. 

E, Q. E, 

Idem vicecomes r.c, de iiij.li. de Matheo Gemot pro ij chascurs, 
pro confirmatione Carta? sua?, Et de j,m. de Eoberto filio Osberti. 
Et de iij.m. de eodem pro j chascur pro eodem. In th'ro lib. in ij 
tallis. E. Q. E. 

Benedictus Gernet deb. x.m. pro habenda Serjanteria foresta? 
totius Comitatus et gratia Eegis. De quibus Henricus de Kevill 
recognovit per breve quod transscriptum est quod eas recepit. 

Eicardus de Venables et Agnes uxor ejus debent ij.m.pro breve 
de Morte Antecessoris, sicut continetur in Eotulo primo. 

Henricus de Waleton [debet] iiij.li. pro habenda confirmatione 
Eegis, sicut continetur ibidem. 

Idem vicecomes r.c. de xlix.li. c" ij.s. et ij.d. de primo Scutagio 



128 THE LANCASHIRE PIPE ROLLS. 

assiso ad duas niarcas In th'ro iiij.li. et iij.s. per niamim Alani de 
Caudebech. Et v.m. per manum Teolmldi Walteri Vicecomitis. 
Et deb. xli.li. et xij.s. et vj.d. Idem r.c. de eodem debito. In th'ro 
Nichil. Et Gileberto filio Reinfridi j.m. de feodo dimidii xuilitis 
quod habet sicut vicecomes dicit praetor feodum dimidii militis 
quod ei locatum fuit in Kotulo pnecedenti. Et Willelmo Pincenne 
ij.in. de feodo j militis quod habet sicut idem vicecomes dicit, 
pneter feodum vij militum, sieut continetur ibidem. Et Eogero 
Constabulario ij.m. de feodo j militis quod habet sicut idem vice- 
comes (licit praetor feodum viij militum sicut ibidem coiitinetur. 
Et deb. xxxviij.li. et v.s. et x.d. 

De OblatU. 
Milites et theini de Honore Lancastre reddunt Compotum de 
cc. et quator xx.li. et lxxvii.s. et [iij.d. et] de x cluiscurs pro con- 
firmatione carta* sine de libertatibus foresue. In th'ro xliiij.li. et 
viij.s. et iiij.d. Et deb. cc. et xxxix.li. et viij.s. et viij. xj.d. ct x 

chascurs. De quibus Henricus de Nevill recognovit quod recepit 
quater xx. et ij.li. 

Adam filius Orm r.c. de x.m. pro confirmatione j carta car- 
rucataj sicut coiitinetur in Itotulo primo. In th'ro ix.m. Et deb. j.m. 

Yerverd et alii qui annotantur in L'otulo primo reddunt Com- 
potum de iiij.li. pro ij chascurs ne quis eos vexet nisi in pnesentia 
Kegis. In th'ro lib. E. Q. S. 

Idem vicecomes r.c. de x.m. de lhirgonsibus de Lancastra. Et 
de iiij.li. de Willelmo del Hest pro confirmatione Carta?. Et de 
iiij.s. et viij.d. de Waltero de Paries pro eodem. Et de x.s. de 
Suano filio lloberti pro eodem. Et de xvij.s. de Warino Janitore 
pro eodem, sicut coiitinetur in Eotulo piwccdenti. In th'ro lib. in 
v tallis. R Q. E. 

Yerverth de Hilton r.c. de xiiij.li. pro vij chascurs pro Pendel- 
ton, sicut coiitinetur in Kotulo pnecedenti. In th'ro vij.li. et x.s. 
Et deb. vj.li. et x.s. Rogerus de Iletton deb. xv.m., sed Hugo 
de Nevill debet hide respondere quia recognovit quod eas recepit, 
pro habenda saisina sicut coiitinetur ibidem. Hugo Buissel deb. 
ix.m. pro habenda carta sicut continetur ibidem. Idem deb. xl.m. 
et iij chascurs pro litteris sicut continetur ibidem. Warinus de 
Wliitinghani deb. xl.s. sicut continetur ibidem. Matheus filius 
Willelmi deb. xx.li. pro eatallis sicut continetur ibidem. Eicardus 
Fitun deb. ij.m. pro habenda saisina sicut continetur ibidem. 
Orm de Eston deb. xx.li. sicut continetur ibidem. Willelmus 



ROLL OF 3 JOHN I. (1200-1201). 129 

films Adae deb. xl.s. sicut continetur ibidem. Arcturus de Eaton 
deb. x.m. pro confirmatione cartae suae sicut continetur ibidem. 

Hugo Norrensis r.c. de ij.m. et ij chascurs pro confirmatione 
cartae suae. In th'ro ij.m. Et v.m. pro chascurs. Et deb. j.m. 

Elyas filius Roberti r.c. de xv.li. et xiij.s. et iiij.d. et de ij 
chascurs pro confirmatione Cartae suae sicut continetur in Kotulo 
praecedenti. In th'ro xij.li. et vj.s. et viij.d. Et deb. v.m. et ij 
chascurs. 

Henricus filius Warini r.c de xij.m. pro confirmatione Cartae 
suae. In th'ro x.m. Et deb. ij.m. 

Geroldus de Claiton r.c. de v.m. pro Carta sua sicut continetur 
ibidem. In th'ro lib. E. Q. E. 

Tdem Geroldus deb. xv.m. et iij chascurs pro habenda terra 
sicut continetur ibidem, sed non habuit et ideo non debet sum- 
moniri. 

Burgenses de Preston r.c. de xxx.m. et iiij chascurs pro confir- 
matione cartae suae. In th'ro xxx.m. et xij.m. pro iiij or chascurs in 
j tallo. E. Q. S. 

Gamel filius Gamel r.c. de v.m. pro confirmatione cartae suae. 
In th'ro lib. E. Q. E. 

Eobertus de Annovesdala r.c. de v.m. pro habendo brevi sicut 
continetur in Kotulo praecedenti. In th'ro xxxvj.s. et viij.d. Et 
deb. xxx.s. 

Eobertus de Hacumesho r.c. de x.m. pro habenda confirmatione 
sicut continetur ibidem. In th'ro c. et xvj.s. et x.d. Et deb. xvj.s. 
et vj.d. 

Walterus de Tirinton et Ricardus de Brexes r.c. de j.m. pro 
habenda loquela sicut continetur ibidem. In th'ro dim. m. per 
manum Ricardi de Brexes. Et deb. dim. ni. 

Hugo de Morevilla r.c. de c.s. et iij bonis palfredis pro curia 
sua habenda sicut continetur ibidem. In th'ro c.s. Et deb. iij 
bonos palefredos. 

Willelmus de Radeclive [debet] x.m. pro habenda inquisitione 
sicut continetur ibidem. 

Gilebertus filius Reinfridi r.c. de x.m. pro ij palefredos pro 
Cartis suis confirmandis sicut continetur ibidem. In th'ro viij.m. 
Et deb. ij.m. 

Yerverd et fratres sui r.c. de c.s. pro catallis suis quae Nicolaus 
Pincerna cepit. In th'ro Nichil. Et Oeno filio D[avi]d* as. per 
breve G[alfridi] filii Petri. E. Q. S. 

1 dtt in the original, 

K 



130 THE LANCASHIRE PIPE ROLLS. 



Nova oblata. 

Idem vicecomes r.c. de x.in. et j palfredo de Waltero 
filio Osberti pro habenda terra sua de Salewic sicut in Rotulo 
de finibus continetur. Et de c.s. de Rieardo filio Arcturi pro 
relevio suo de terra de Eston. Et de x.id. et ij palefredis de 
Willelmo de Winequiq pro babendis xxx acris terne sicut conti- 
netur ibidem. In th'ro xxvij.m. et dim. Et xv.m. pro prcedictis 
palefredis. EQ.E. 

Homines de Preston r.c. de x.m. et j palefredo pro habenda 
pace de loquela quam Teobaldus Walteri habuit versus eos de 
Gibetto et Gaiola in Preston. In th'ro ix.li. et dim. in. Et deb. 
j.m. 

Ricardus filius Roberti r.c. de x.m. et ij palefredis pro 
Relevio terroe sure de Lathum. In th'ro xix.m. et dim. Et deb. 
dim. m. 

Robertus de Stokeport r.c. de cc.m. et v palefredis pro habenda 
terra quae fuit Ricardi filii Rogeri sicut continetur in Rotulo de 
finibus. In th'ro quater xx.li. et j.m. Et deb. lii.li. et xiij.s. et 
iiij.d. et v palefredos. 

Idem Robertus r.c. de as. et j palfredo pro habenda confirma- 
tione Regis de Carta de Lithum quam Rex fecit Rieardo filio 
Rogeri dum erat Comes et pro alia quadam carta confirmanda. 
In th'ro vj.li. et dim. m. Et deb. iij.m. 



De Cvementis Villarum de Lancastra de dimidio anno. 

Idem vicecomes r.c. de xxj.s. et iiij.d. de cremento de Skerton 
de dim. anno. In th'ro xj.s. et iiij.d. Et in Defalta iij Carrucarum 
x.s. de dimidio anno. E. Q. E. 

Idem r.c. de xxvj.s. et iij.d. de Cremento de Overton de dimidio 
anno. In th'ro xvj.s. et iij.d. Et in Defalta iij Carrucarum x.s. de 
eodem termino. EQ.E 

Idem r.c. de x.s. de Cremento de Bothelton de dimidio anno de 
Drengagio. Et de xl.d. de Cremento Molendini de Bothelton de 
eodem termino. Et de xviij.s. de Cremento de Singelton de dimidio 
anno. Et de xij.d. de Cremento de Aulton de eodem termino. Et 
de iiij.s. de Cremento de Engleshel[ea] de eodem termino. Et de 
xv.d. de Cremento de Stauhol. Et de vij.d. de Cremento Drengagii 
Uctredi de Stanhol de eodem termino. Et de vij.d. de Drengagio 



ROLL OF 3 JOHN I. (1200-1201). 131 

Gileberti clerici in Stanhol. Et de xij.s. de Cremeuto de Hamelton 
de dimidio anno. Et de lj.s. et viij.d. de Cremento de Brocton de 
anno integro. Et de xij.s. et vj.d. de Cremento de Neweton cum 

Molendinis ejusdem villae de dimidio anno. Et de xv.s. de Cre- 
mento Molendinorum ejusdem vilke. Et de viij.s de Cremento de 
Everton de dimidio anno. Et de xx.s. de Cremento de Westderebi 
de dimidio anno. Et de xxv.s. de Cremento de Hales de dimidio 
anno. Et de iiij.s. de Cremento de Sauford de eodem termino. Et 
de vj.s. de Cremento de Burton de eodem termino. Et de iiij.s. de 
cremento de Ordeshal de eodem termino. Et de xv.d. de Cremento 
de Flixton de eodem termino. Et de x.s. de Cremento veteri de 
Brotheton de anno integro. Et de ix.li. de veteri Cremento de 
Preston de anno integro. Et de iij.s. de quadam Escaeta in eadem 
villa de anno integro. In th'ro lib. in xxij tallis. E. Q. E. 



Item Nova ciblata. 

Eicardus de Mida r.c. de iij.m. pro habenda terra de Waleton 
cum pertinentiis suis ipsi et haeredibus suis, tenenda de Rege et 
lueredibus suis ad feodi firmam per lx.s. per annum sicut continetur 
in Rotulo de finibus. In th'ro j.m. Et deb. ij.m. 

Robertus Bussel deb. xx.m. de Cremento finis cm. quern prius 
fecerat ut inquisitio fiat secundum primum finem. 

Abbas de Furneis r.c. de ij palefredis pro habendo brevi de pace 
de Caruagio. In th'ro Nichil. Et ipsi Eegi ij palefredi per breve 
Regis. E. Q. E. 

Edusa qure fuit uxor Alani de Windhull r.c. de j.m. pro brevi de 
summonitione apud Westmonasterium de dote sua versus Alanum 
de Windhull. In th'ro lib. E. Q. E. 

Matheus Gernet deb. xl.s. et j palefredum pro habenda saisina 
de ij Bovatis terra} in Grimestonlyd unde fuit dissaisitus pro servitio 
Regis. 

Rogerus de Kyerkelith r.c. de l.m. et ij chascurs per sic quod 
det vadium et plegium standi recto siquis versus eum loqui voluerit 
de morte Mathei filii Simonis. In th'ro l.m. et vj.in. pro chascurs in 
j tallo. E. Q. E. 

Henricus de Culchet et Alanus de Rixton et socii eorum r.c. de 
xl.m. et j chascur per sic quod dent vadium et plegium standi recto 
[siquis] versus eum loqui voluerit de morte G[ilberti] de Spondon. 
In th'ro xxv.li. et j.m. Et debent xx.s. et j chascur. 

Simon de Bedeford r.c, de x.m. et j chascur ut Inlagatus sit 

K 2 



132 THE LANCASHIRE PIPE ROLLS. 

et stet recto siijiiis versus eum loqui voluerit de morte prcedicti 
G[ilberti de Spondon]. In th'ro lib. x.ni. et iij.m. pro chascur. 

E. Q. E. 

Adam filius Orm r.c. de vj.m. et j chascur pro habendo brevi 
patente ne ipse respondeat alicui nisi coram Rege vel capitali 
Justiciario de morte Adie Gernet. In tli'ro lx.s. Et deb. xx.s. et 
j chascur. 

Rogorus de Freketon r.c. de v.m. pro habenda pastura de 
Brenhomor sicut recognitum fuit per juratam. In th'ro lib. 

E. Q. E. 

Tomas Gernet r.c. de v.m. pro habenda saisina terne de Hessem 
et de Catton et pro relevio Ulius terne. In tli'ro lv.s. et viij.d. 
Et del), xj.s. 

Idem vicecomes r.c. de x.ni. de Alauo Iilio Alani pro habenda 
saisina terne de Peuberton et pro relevio illius terne et pro habendo 
recto de xl.s. versus Nicolaum Pincernam. Kt de x.m. de Henrico 
filio Alani pro habenda custodia filiie Henrici de Ribleton cum 
lucreditate sua et pro ea maritunda ita quod ipse inveniat fratri 
leporoso ipsius filue necessaria et faciat niatri ipsius rationabilem 
dotem. Et de dim. m. de Hugone de Oxeclive ne vicecomes vexet 
eum injuste de tenemento quod tenet. Et de dim m. de Johanne 
do Toroldesham pro eodem. Et de dim. in. de Radulfo de Bolerund 
pro eodem. Et de x.s. de Willelmo de Tolusa pro eodem. Et de 
ij.m. de Adam de Wra et ( ierardo fratre ejus pro eodem. Et de 
xx.s. de Willelmo pneposito pro eodem. Et de x.s. de Wiliot pro 
eodem. Et de v.s. de Adam pcllipario pro eodem. Et de dim. m. 
de Rogero filio Edrici. Et de j.m. de Warino Iilio Godeiridi pro 
eodem. Willelmo de Boulton. Et de v.m. de Willelmo de Boulton 
pro habenda confirinatione Regis de vj Bovatis terne in Boulton 
(juas ipse ei dedit dum fuit Comes Moreton, tenendas per serviciuin 
x solidorum per annum. In tli'ro lib. in xiij tallis. E. Q. E. 

Robertus de Stokeport r.c. de x.m. pro ij palcfredis de cremento 
de promisso pro habenda confirinatione Regis de tribus Carrucatis 
terne in Birstaf brinn[ing] et in Kelfgrimeshereg[h]. In th'ro c.s. 
Et deb. ij.m. et dim. 

Alexander de Preston debet viij.s. pro habenda serjanteria 
saisina j tofti in Preston uncle inquisitum fuit et recognitum 
quod Rogerus de Leirccstrie eum inde injustfc et sine judicio 
dissaisivit. 

Goditha uxor Rogeri de Kierkedala r.c. de dim m. pro brevi de 
summonitione de Dote sua. In th'ro lib. E. Q. E 



ROLL OF 3 JOHN I. (1200-1201). 133 

Abbas de Furnes r.cv de xl.m. et j palefredo pro habendis ij 
Carrucatis terra? scilicet Stapelthuni cum pertinentiis tenendis per 
annum pro xl.s. de Eege et haeredibus suis et pro habenda carta 
Begis. In th'ro xl.m. et v.m. pro palefredo in j tallo. E. Q. E. 

Alina et Sabina de Hammingham deb. xx.s. ut loquela quae est 
in Coiuitatu de perticione de iiij Bovatis terra* in Hemmingham 
versus Eugeniam sororem suam sit apud Westmonasterium. 

Hugo de Nevill deb. lxxj.m. lxix.m. et x.s. sicut vicecomes (licit 

quae summa surgit de auierciamentis homiiiuin de Lancastra factis 
per Hugonem de Nevill sicut annotatur in Rotulo quern ipse Hugo 
libera vit in thesauro. 

Teobaldus Walteri r.c. de quater xx. et xvij.li. quas ipse recepit 
ad Instaurandas terras in honore de Lancastra quando lmbuit bail- 
liain sicut annotatur in Eotulo Regis Eicardi viij°. In th'ro lib. 

E. Q. E. 

Definibus et SciUagiis Militum. 

Eobertus le Vavasur r.c. de v.m. et j palefredo pro feodo 
Eicardi de Furneals, scilicet de dimidio Milite et tertia parte et 
xij parte feodi j militis. In th'ro vij.m. Et deb. iij.m. 

Eadulfus de Sancto Georgio r.c. de iij.m. pro feodo dimidii 
Militis. In th'ro lib. E. Q. E. 

Eanulfus de Gameleston r.c. de c.s. pro feodo iij Militum. In 
th'ro lib. E. Q. E. 

Adam de Laitton et Tomas de Goldburc r.c. de ij.m. pro feodo 
j Militis. In th'ro lib. E. Q. S. 

Theigui et tirmarii Honoris de Lancastra r.c. de l.m. pro habenda 
pace ne transfretent. In th'ro lib. E. Q. S. 

Eicardus des Mulinaus r.c. de xx.s. pro feodo dimidii Militis. 
In th'ro lib. E. Q. E. 

Gilebertus filius Eeinfridi r.c. de xx.li. pro feodo j Militis de 
Honore de Lancastra et ij Militum de Westmerieland. In th'ro 
ix.li. et v.s. Et deb. x.li. et xv.s. 

Idem Gilebertus [r.c. de] xx.li. de misericordia sua quia ivit in 
foresta cum Osberto de Longo Campo. 

Teobaldus Walteri r.c. de ij.m. pro feodo dimidii Militis. In 
th'ro xx.s. Et deb. dim. m. 

Willelmus Pincerna r.c. de xxx.m. pro feodo viij Militum. In 
th'ro xxix.m. Et deb. j.m. 

Adam de Middelton r.c. de dim. m. pro xiiij parte j Militis. In 
th'ro lib. E. Q. E. 



134 THE LANCASHIRE PIPE ROLLS. 

Kogerus de Frekenton et Galfridus Gernet et Quenilda de 
Warton r.c. de c.s. pro feodo iij Militum. In llfro lxxiij.s. et viij.d. 
Et deb. xxvj.s. et iiij.d. 

Idem vicecomes r.c. de quater xx. et xvj.li. et viij.s. et x.d. de 
Scuta^io. In th'ro xj.li. et xj.s. et x.d. Et Militibua qui supra 
finem fecerunt de eodem Honore xxxvj.m. et xij.s. et vj.d. Et in 
Quietancia Mil i turn ejusdein Honoris per brevia Hogeri Constabu- 
larii Cestrirc xviij.m. de feodo ix Militum sicut vicecomes elicit. Et 
Romero de Muntbegun xvj.m. de feodo viij Militum. Et Koberto 
de Greselea xxiiij.m. de feodo xij Militum sicut vicecomes dicit. 
Et Galfrido de Costentin ij.m. de feodo j militis. Et lianulfo de 
Viri j.m. de feodo dimidii militis. Et deb. xix.li. et xj.s. et ij.d. 

Idem vicecomes r.c. de dim. m. de Scuta^io Roberti de Stokeport 
de feodo quartee partis j Militis. In th'ro lib. E. Q. E. 

Mem vicecomes r.c. de viij.li. et vj.s. et viij.d. de iirina termrum 
Hu^onis Buissel de anno integro. Et de ij.m. dc blade earundem 
terraruni vendito. Kt de xxxiiij.s. v. et viij.d. de perquisites. Et 

de dim. [in.] de quarta parte feodi j Militis de dominio ipsius. Et 
de iiij.li. et xv.s. de perquisitis promissorum Robert! filii Bernardi 
qui jn'omiserat Regi terciam partem debitorum suorum hoc anno. 
In th'ro lib. in v tallis. E. Q. E. 

From the Yorkshire Pipe Jio/I, 3 John. 

De vhhttis. 

Ito^ei'iis de Munthc^un r.c. de cc et xx.li. pro habenda in 
uxore Oliva, sicut continetur in Rotulo priecedenti. In th'ro 

lxxiij.li. Et deb. c. et l.li. In th'ro lxxiij.li. et vj.s. et viij.d. Et 

deb. c et xlvj.li. et xiij.s. et iiij.d. 

Ro^erus de Munbugun deb. xl marcas ]>ro habenda saisina 
terras sua* unde dissaisitus fuit, sicut continetur in Hotulo ix. qui 
rcquirehatur in Lincollscire. 

"Willelnius de Altenecote r.c. de dim. in. de misericordia. In 
th'ro xl.d. Et deb. xl.d. 

Willelmus de Altenecote r.c. de j.m. In th'ro dim. m. Etdeb. 
dim. m. 

From the Norfolk and Suffolk Roll, 3 John. 

DwutiUjio H finibus militum. 
Willelmus Esturmi r.c. de vj.in. pro feodo ij militum de 
honore Lancastre. In th'ro xlvj.s. Et deb. xxxiiij.s. 



ROLL OF 3 JOHN I. (1200-1201). 135 

Willelmus de Valoines r.c. de c.s. pro feodo dimidii militis de 
honore Lancastre. In th'ro lx.s. Et deb. xl.s. 

Adam de Octeleia r.c. de vj.m. pro feodo ij militum de honore 
Lancastre. In th'ro iiij.ra. Et deb. ij.m. 

De hits qui iwn habcnt ccvpitahs honorcs in hits comitatibus. 

Idem Vicecomes r.c. . . . de scutagio Matilldis de 
Albervilla. Et de ij.m. de eadem de feodo j militis de honore 
Lancastre. Et de ij.m. de scutagio Rogeri de Huntingfelde de 
feodo j militis de honore Lancastre. Et de viij.m. de scutagio 
comitis Eogeri de iiij feodis de eodem honore. Et de ij.m. de 
scutagio Gilberti de Hastinges de feodo j militis de eodem honore. 
Et de j.m. de scutagio Alberici de Vere de feodo dimidii militis de 
eodem honore. Et de j.m. de scutagio Teobaldi Walteri de feodo 
dimidii militis de honore Lancastre . . . Kobertus Bertram 
deb. ij.m. de honore de Lancastre de feodo j militis. 

Galfridus filius Petri r.c. de ij.m. de feodo j militis de honore 
Lancastre. In th'ro lib. E. Q. E. 



NOTES OX THE PIPE HOLL OF 3 JOHN (MICH. 1200-MICU. 1201). 

Richard de Vernon, a military tenant of the Peverel Fee, 
succeeded Robert de Tatteshal as Sheriff after Michaelmas, 1200. 
Some time previous to that date the men of the comitatus ot 
Lancaster had proffered 100 marks to the King to have the said 
Richard appointed as their Sheriff for a period of five years. The 
proffer was not accepted at once, but Geoffrey fitz Peter, the 
Justiciar, was directed to get £100 for the appointment if he 
could. (Fine Roll, 1 John, m. 12.) 

One of the Sheriffs first acts was to assess an increment of 
100 marks in the ferm of the comitatus, increasing it from 300 to 
400 marks. This was in addition to the increment in the fee farm 
rents received from certain manors, which the King had recently 
granted to various persons, among which Hothersall and Blackrod 
now appear for the first time. 

A large number of the entries which follow, including those 
under the heading Dc oblatis Gwice, are merely old fines and 
proffers recapitulated. 

"Nova oblata." — Walter de Clifton, son of Osbert, 10 marks 
and one palfrey for restitution of his estate in Salewick, which 
Theobald Walter some years before had taken from him and 



136 THE LANCASHIRE PIPE ROLLS. 

exchanged for the Wray. The King was to have the Wray again. 
It had formed part of the royal estate. 

Arctur, or Arthur de Ashton died during the fiscal year. 
Richard, Ids son and heir, had paid a fine of 100s. for his relief. 
His estate was one moiety of Ashton in Amounderness. 

William de Winwick 10 marks and two palfreys for restitution 
of 30 acres of land in Thornton in Amounderness, of which Theobald 
Walter had disseised him, and for his relief of iive carucates of land, 
which his father Robert de Winwick — who had died since 1194 — 
formerly held there. 

Theobald Walter had been taking action against the Burgesses 
of Preston respecting the use of the jibbet and gaol erected there, 
which he no doubt claimed to be an infringement of his former 
judicial rights as Lord of Amounderness. They had proffered 
10 marks and a palfrey to secure the cessation of his actions 
against them, and no doubt continued to exercise the judicial 
rights conveyed by the grant of soc and sac, included in the 
charter of liberties granted by Henry II. 

Hubert de Lathom died about this time, probably during the 
fiscal year. Richard de Lathom, his son and heir pays a fine of 
10 marks and two palfreys for his relief of his father's estates. The 
palfreys were commuted for a payment of 10 marks; the relief was 
therefore actually 20 marks. During the period of King John's 
reign, these payments were very arbitrary, and greatly in excess of 
the usual rate. The relief paid by a tenant in thanage at a later 
date amounted only to the equivalent of his annual money 
service. 

Richard, son of Roger of Lytham and Wood-plumpton was 
living 7 Richard I. His death probably occurred during the fiscal 
year ending Mich., 1201. Of his five daughters who were his 
heirs, two only were at this time married, viz. — Matilda the eldest, 
who had been married during the year 1180, to Robert de Stock- 
port (page 43); and Avice to William de Milium, before 1201. 
Robert de Stockport now proffers 200 marks and five palfreys for 
his father-in-law's estates, and for the wardship of the three un- 
married daughters (page 44) and of their estates, and that they 
might be allowed to marry advantageously by the advice of their 
friends ; also that Avice might have her reasonable share of the 
inheritance, ami that the widow Margaret — who had a considerable 
estate in her own right — might not be constrained to marry against 
her will; but if she desired to marry, it would be done by the King. 



ROLL OF 3 JOHN I. (1200-1201). 137 

The Fine Roll in tliis, as in many other instances, contains much 
fuller detail than the Pipe Eoll. 

Robert de Stockport was also mindful of the welfare of the 
Priory of Lytham, which had been founded during the period 
1189-1194, — when John was Count of Mortain, — by Richard, son 
of Roger, who had then obtained the Count's sanction to endow 
the new foundation with the whole area of the town of Lytham, 
containing two carucates of land, and had at the same time 
obtained from his Chief Lord the remission of the annual thanage 
service of 8s. $d. t due for that town. Robert de Stockport proffers 
100s. and one palfrey for the royal confirmation of these original 
charters, which was duly given by a charter which passed at Long 
Marton, co. Westmorland, 26th February, 1201, during the King's 
progress in the North of England. 

De increments villarum de Lanoastre. — In addition to 
the increase in the firma comitaiits already noted, the royal estate 
within the county of Lancaster was also assessed to an increase of 
ferin. These demesne lands were not exactly in hand, as we 
should understand the term to-day, but the Sheriff for the time 
being undertook to farm these estates at a fixed yearly sum, which 
was included in the Corpus Comitatus. Whether the royal demesne 
could stand an increase of rent is of course a matter of uncertainty 
now, but the rapacity of the King most likely left the Sheriff with 
little or no profit in return for his onerous duties. On the other 
hand, it is possible that Theobald Walter had been gradually 
increasing the yearly return from these estates ever since the year 
1194. (See the notes respecting the ferin of Amounderness 
pages 82-3.) 

In Skerton and Overton there were — according to the Domes- 
day Survey — ten carucates of land. At this time, however, six out 
of the ten carucates were without plough teams, the contribution 
of these towns being thereby reduced by 205. for half the year. 

In Bolton le Sands and Steyna the land was held in Drenghage, 
a tenure superior to Villeinage, and probably equivalent to tenure 
in Thanage. The former term seems to have belonged to Strath- 
clyde and Northumbria ; the latter to Mercia. While the former 
appear to have rendered yearly service in cattle, called Noutgeld, 
until commuted into a money payment; the latter generally in 
money. In both cases military service was due to the lord, 
probably on foot, whenever the necessity arose of calling out the 
feudal host. 



138 THE LANCASHIRE PIPE ROLLS. 

The towns which would be tilled by villeins, or by the still 
lower class of men in bondage — sometimes called rustics, — were 
the following: — Singleton, Stainall, Hambleton, Everton, West 
Derby, and Salford. 

The remainder, viz. : — Haightou, English Lea, Broughton (in 
Amounderness), Newton (near Preston), Hale, Broughton (near 
Manchester), Ordsal, and Flixton, had formerly been members of 
the royal demesne, but had been granted out to be held either by 
ser jean try or in fee farm. 

The old increment of the rent of Broughton (in Amounderness) 
dated from the time of the grant of the town to Ughtred, son of 
Swain ; that of Trenton, since the grant of the charter of liberties 
by Henry II. in 1170. 

Nova oblata — Richard de Meath (Mida), was the eldest 
son of Gilbert de Walton, and brother of Henry de Walton 
(page 111). He is sometimes described as clcricus, and appears at 
times to have attended at the court probably in an official capacity. 
In the Patent Rolls he is described as "dilectus clericus noster." 
In the month of December, 1200, he had letters of protection from 
the King directed to the Justices then in Ireland. He attested 
royal charters which passed respectively at Pont de l'Arche on the 
5th June, 120.') ; at Pouen,on the 11th June, 1203 ; and at Bristol, 
10th September, 1203. Probably he acquired his name from some 
accidental occurrence, or some office which he may have held in 
the province of Meath. Although the Pipe Poll specifically refers 
to an entry in the Fine Poll respecting the grant of Walton, there 
is no such cntrv to be found in the Poll of the third vear of John. 
From the Charter Poll however, it appears that the King granted 
to " Pichard de Mida, son of Gilbert de Waleton " the whole town 
of Waleton on the Hill, which formerly rendered 40s. ancient dues 
and customary yearly ferm, while it was parcel of the King's 
demesne aud in his hands, to hold in fee farm for 60s. yearly for 
all services. Given at St. Sever in Gascony, 27th July, 1200. 

On the 14th May, 1 20o, by letters patent directed to Geoffrey, 
Bishop of Lichfield and Coventry, King John presented Eichard 
de Meath to the church of Wolstanton, co. Staff. 

Robert Bussel proffers 20 marks, in addition to the previous 
proffer of 100 marks — which had been paid to the Justiciars, and 
has not therefore previously appeared in the Pipe Polls — for an 
inquiry to be made in the Curia Pegis respecting the fief of 
Penwortham, of which Hugh Bussel was then in possession, but of 



fcOLL of 3 john i. (1200-1201). 139 

which — according to the said Robert's statement — his father, 
Geoffrey Bussel was wrongfully dispossessed ; the said Hugh 
having established his claim in the court [at Lancaster] at the 
time that John was Count of Mortain, by virtue of the testimony 
and statement of Richard de Vernon then made to the King, who 
upon the strength of that testimony had granted to Hugh Bussel 
his charter of confirmation. Hindi had been summoned to 
Worcester on the morrow of* the close of Easter, 1200, with all 
his charters and muniments relating to that estate, to prove his 
title thereto. Richard de Vernon was likewise summoned to 
declare on what grounds he had made the statement which he 
had given to the King. More will be heard of this matter,, whiclr 
brought disaster upon the family of Bussel and ultimately termi- 
nated their connection with the Barony of Penwortham. 

The Abbot of Furness had proffered two palfreys for a writ of 
exemption from carucage. The palfreys had been delivered to the 
King, in response to his writ for delivery. 

Edusa, widow of. Alan de Windle had proffered 1 mark for a 
writ to remove her plea of dower against Alan de Windle — 
probably her son — out of the County Court to the Curia Regis at 
Westminster. 

Matthew Gernet had been a supporter of Count John during 
the disturbances of 1193-4, and had been disseised of two oxgangs 
of land in Grimstonlithe by King Richard. He had proffered 40?. 
and one palfrey for restitution. The place is described in the Fine 
Roll as in Westmorland, but it was probably in Caton, as appears 
by the following entry in the Tenia de Ncvill, Vol. II., f. 834: — 
'* Thomas Gernet tenet ij Carucatas terra: in Thainagio in Catton 
per [annum] xx.s. Pater ejus dedit Mathreo ij bovatas reddendo 
vj.d." When John was Count of Mortain (1189-1194), lie had 
granted Littledale to Matthew Gernet to hold in fee by the yearly 
service of £ mark. This was confirmed by royal charter which 
passed at Shoreham, 18th June, 1199, in which the estate is 
described as including the land of Ulfthwaite— a name now 
remaining in the name Udale or Ulfdale — upwards to Roger de 
Montbegon's forest (i.e., Roeburndale) and in the other direction 
to Clougha; from Clougha oy Conder-head (or Condor's how ?) to 
Roeburndale, and from Ulfthwaite to the bounds of Caton. The 
hunting of buck and doe, wild boar, roe deer, and wild goat was 
reserved to the King. The following entry in the Testa, f. 834, 
refers to this grant : " Hse.res Mathasi Gernet tenet unam 



140 THE LANCASHIRE PIPE ROLLS. 

pasturam [vocatam Littledale] de domino Rege et reddit per 
annum diniidiam marcain." 

An appeal had been brought against Roger de Kirkby Ireleth 
respecting the death of Matthew, son of Simon. He had proffered 
50 marks and two chasours in order to escape imprisonment, and 
retain his liberty by giving pledge and sureties to appear to answer 
justice. 

Henry de Culcheth, Alan de Ilixton and others had proffered 
40 marks and one chasour, for a similar undertaking to answer 
respecting the death of Geoffrey de Sponden. Simon de Bedford 
had been involved in the same charge, and having failed to answer 
i.e., having fled the country, he had been proclaimed, and outlawed. 
Afterwards he had thought better of it, and proffered 10 marks 
and one chasour to be in-lawed and to be held by sureties to answer 
justice. 

Adam, son of Orm de Kellet proffered 6 marks and one 
chasour for letters patent 1 to enable him or his attornies to 
answer respecting the death of Adam Gernet, only before the 
King or the Chief Justiciar. 

Roger de Freckleton had been disseised by Theobald Walter of 
the pasture of Brethoughmoor, which he (Roger) asserted to be 
part of his inheritance. An assize had been taken by the oath of 
liege men, who found that lie had been disseised wrongfully and 
without justice. Word had been sent by the King to the Sheriff 
to deliver seisin of the land to him. Walter, son of Swain de 
Carleton was his pledge for payment of the tine. 

Thomas Gernet was the son of Adam Gernet, concerning whose 
death Adam de Kellet had given sureties to answer. He had lost 
his life sometime previous to Easter, 1200, for there is a record of a 
plea in the Curia Regis in the Easter Term, 1 John, between Agnes, 
[widow] of Adam Gernet versus Roger de Leicester, in which the 
said Agnes complains that defendant had married his daughter to 
her son who was of the King's wardship — his father being a tenant 
in thauage — so that defendant had possession of the said Thomas 
and of his estate, viz.— of five carucates of land in Heysham and 
Caton, without the King's authority or consent. {Curia Regis 
Roll> No. 16.) The King had promptly directed the Sheriff to seize 

1 The Charter Roll, 2 John, m. 17 dorso supplies a copy of the King's letters 
patent. " Rex, etc. Scias quod Tolumus quod Adam filius Orm non respondeat 
alicui nisi coram nobis ycI capiluli justiciario nostro de morte Ada Gernet. Teste 
me ip*o apud Lincoln, xiij die Januarii." [1201.] 



ROLL OF 3 JOHN I. (1200-1201). 141 

the land to the use of the Crown; but upon Thomas Gemot proffer- 
ing 5 marks for his relief, the Sheriff had been directed by writ to 
deliver seisin of this land to him. Benedict Gernet was his pledge 
for payment of the fine. He was probably cousin of Adam Gernet. 
Besides his son and heir Thomas, Adam Gernet had two other sons 
Adam and Matthew mentioned in the Testa, f. 834. 

Alan, son of Alan de Pemberton had proffered 40s. for his relief 
after his father's death, during the last of the troublous years of 
Theobald Walter's shrievalty, viz. — in the 10 Richard, to Nicholas 
le Boteler the deputy Sheriff. But his estate had been seized into 
the King's hands in the 1 John. He now recovers seisin, having 
proffered a fine of 10 marks — for the payment of which Richard de 
Orrell and Henry de Melling were sureties — for restitution and for 
his relief, and obtains a writ of right against Nicholas to recover 
from him the sum already paid for relief. His estate is thus 
described in the Testa de Nevill, Vol. II, f. 829 : " Alanus de Pem- 
l>erton tenet ij Carucatas terne in Thanagio. Et reddit per annum 
xx solidos et j judicom. Adam de Pemberton tenet illas Carucatas 
de Alano prjedicto." 

Henry, son of Alan de Holland proffered 10 marks for the 
wardship of the daughter of Henry de Ribbleton and for her 
marriage, "so it be however that she should not thereby suffer dis- 
paragement," and so that he should provide the necessaries of life to 
the daughter's brother, who was a leper, and reasonable dower to the 
mother. The Sheriff w r as to be responsible for the pence, i.e. the 
yearly service for the land, or to find sureties. Robert de Preston 
and Richard his brother had offered 100s. for the daughter's 
wardship and marriage, and had also offered to pay 16s. yearly 
service for one carucate of land in Ribbleton, besides the usual 
customs, instead of the former service of 8s., but the King had 
preferred to accept Henry de Holland's higher proffer. An entry 
in the Testa de Nevill, f. 820-1, refers partially to this estate : 
" Henricus de Holand tenet iij Carucatas et ij bovatas terra* 
de domino Rege in capite per xxvj solidos. Idem Henricus dedit 
de eodem tenemento unam Carucatam terne Rogero de Leycestre 
per viij solidos et iij sagittas per annum." 

Hugh de Oxclive held one carucate of land in Oxclive by 
serjeanty, viz. — by executing the office of carpenter, more parti- 
cularly when work was to be done in Lancaster Castle. He prof- 
fered £ mark that he might remain in undisturbed possession 
of his tenement. 



142 THE LANCASHIRE PIPE ROLLS. 

Ten other persons made similar proffers, viz. — John de Torris- 
holme, who held one carucate in Torrisholme by serjeanty, viz. by 
performing the duty of smoking and curing venison, bacon, etc., 
for the use of Lancaster Castle ; Ralph de Bolrun, who held one 
carucate of land in Bolrun by performing the duty of mason or 
stone-dresser (French Ma<jouncrie) ; William de Toulouse; Adamde 
Wray 1 and Gerard his brother; William the Eeeve of Overton; 
Williot ; Adam the Skinner ; Roger son of Edric ; and Warin son of 
Godfrey, who were probably all tenants by serjeanty, holding small 
estates in or near Lancaster, and having various duties to perform or 
offices to execute in connection with the Castle and County Court. 

By charter which passed at Geddington, on the 14th March, 
1201, the King granted and confirmed to William, son of Adam 
and his heirs, six oxgangs of land in Bothelton (Little Bolton in 
Saiford Hundred) to hold in free thanage by the yearly service of 
18s. for all service and customs ; which estate the King — when 
Count of Mortain — had granted to the said William. Before the 
year 1212, the grantee died, as appears from the. following entry 
in the Testa de NeviU, Vol. II, f. 827 : " Willelmus de Bothelton 
tenuit unam bovatam (sic) in capite de domino Rege in feodi firma; 
haeres ejus est in custodia domini Regis "; and another entry, 
f. GG4: "Sarra de Bothelton est de donatione domini Regis, et 
terra sua valet j marcarn." This may, however, refer to Bolton 
le Sands, in Lonsdale Hundred. 

As already noticed, Robert de Stockport had proffered 100s. and 
one palfrey for confirmation of the charter respecting Lytham 
(page 137). He now proffers two more palfreys — commuted to a 
payment of 10 marks — as an increment upon his former promise, to 
obtain the royal confirmation of three carucates of land in Bricht- 
stat Bryning and Kelgrim's argh (now Bryning and Kellamergh) 
grunted to Richard, son of Roger, during the period 1189-1194. 
The confirmation is dated at Geddington, on the 14th March, 1201, 
and is made in favour of Matilda, wife of Robert de Stockport, 
Margaret, Avice wife of William de Milium, Quenild and Amuria, 
the daughters of Richard, son of Roger. It confirms two carucates 
(sic) in Bryning and Kellamergh to be held by the service of the 
fourth part of a knight's fee. but explicitly excepts two carucates in 
Formby, which the King retained in his own hands. (Charter 
Roll, 2 John, m. 8.) 

Alexander de Preston had proffered 8s. for seisin of a toft in 

1 See the Chartularj of Cockersand Abbey, under " Wray." 



ROLL OF 3 JOHN I. (1200-1201). 143 

Preston, of which he had been disseised by Roger de Leicester, 
Seneschal of Aniounderness. An enquiry had been made and the 
verdict given that the disseisin had been unjustly and illegally 
made. 

Roger de Kirkdale held three carucates of land in Kirkdale. 
He died lief ore 2 John. His daughter Quenild was married by the 
King to Richard, son of Roger (page 50), against whom the widow 
Goditli was taking action to obtain recognition of her dower. She 
had proffered J mark for a writ of summons, to have her plea tried 
before the Justices at Westminster. 

The Abbot of Furness renders account of 40 marks and two 
palfreys for two carucates of land in Stapletern to hold by the 
yearly service of 40a, and for the King's charter respecting the 
same. This charter is not to be found in the Charter Rolls. The 
Testa dc Ncvill, f. 832, has the following entry : " Idem Abbas [de 
ffurneis] tenet ij Carucatas in Stapelthurne et reddit domino Regi 
xl solidos per annum." These references certainly point to the 
grant having been a recent gift of King John's, notwithstanding 
the inference to be drawn from an ancient survey of the Manor of 
Bolton, preserved in the u Registrum Honoris de Richmond" 
{History of Ilivhmtnulshire, Vol. IT, p. 283), that the grant was made 
by Henry I. or Stephen. There is a possibility that Henry II. 
resumed possession before the year 11G2, and that King John 
merely restored to the Abbey of Furness what had formerly been 
their's, but the Pipe Rolls are silent as to any forfeiture having 
taken place. 

A suit respecting the partition of four oxgangs of land in a 
place called Hammingham, between Alina and Sabina of the one 
part, and their sister Eugenia of the other, had been proceeding in 
the County Court, and 20s. was due for a writ of summons to 
remove the further hearing of the suit to Westminster. There is 
no mention in the Fine Rolls of this matter. 

Hugh de Nevill owed G9 marks and 10s., arising from the 
amercements of the men of Lancaster, imposed by the said Hugh 
as Forest Justice, an account of which appeared in the Roll which 
he had already delivered to the Treasury. The details were not 
copied into the Pipe Roll. 

Theobald Walter's payment has already been dealt with 
(page 94). 

De finibus kt scutagio Militum. — This was the second 
Scutage of King John's reign, and like the first, was nominally at 




.144 



THE LANCASHIRE PIPE ROLLS. 



the rate of 2 marks per knight's fee. But it will be noticed that 
some of the payments are at a very much higher rate. These 
included fines "ne transfretent," i.e., to escape the necessity of 
crossing over sea to perform military service with the King. This 
was an innovation created by the rapacity of the King. Formerly 
the payment of scutage at a fixed rate procured exemption from 
military service and vice versd. 

It has been possible to draw up a complete Feodary of the 
Honor of Lancaster at this date, from the returns of the first and 
second scutages of King John's reign, 1199-1201. 

By the Sheriff of Lancaster. 

Robert Grelley, Manchester, and cos. Norf. and Line. 
Roger, Constable of Chester, Clitheroe and Widnes 
Roger do Montbegon, Tottington and Bury, and cos. 

Line, and Suff. ... 
William le Boteler (Pincerna), Warrington, Layton 

and cos. Line, and Notts. 

Roger de Freckle ton ^| 

Geoffrey Gernet >for the Barony of Penwortham 

Quenild de Warton J 

Adam de Lawton 1 D , c . , , . n , , 
mi , ~ 1f _ > Banastre fee in Makerneld 

Thomas de Golborne J 

Gilbert fitz Reinfred, Garstang and Warton 

Richard de Molyneux, Sefton 

Theobald Walter, Weeton 

Robert de Stockport, Bryning, etc 

Adam de Middleton, Middleton in Lonsdale 

Jorwerth de Hulton, Pendleton 

[Benedict Gernet, Chief Forester of Lancaster 

Henry Falconer, Broughton, co. Leic. 

Robert de Harston, Harston and Knipton, co. Leic. 

Geoffrey Costentin, Thorpe Constantine, co. Staff. 

Ranulph de Viri, Boxted, co. Suff. 

Geoffrey Carbonel, Riby, co. Line. ... 



Fees. 

12 

9 

8 

8 



1 

1 

i 
i 

i 

1] 
1 

1 

1 

l 

2 



By the Sheriff of Norfolk and Suffolk. 

William Esturmi, Iken and Buxhall, co. Suff. ... 2 1 
William de Valoines, Culpho, co. Suff. £ 

1 This was reckoned as three fees by the Sheriff, but one was pardoned for the 
reason given at p. 66. Roger Bi god's fief was three fees ; Stoneh&m was actually 
held by serjeanty, and was not a military fee, although so included here. 



ROLL OF 3 JOHN (1200-1201). 145 

Fees. 

Adam de Ottley, Preston and Ottley, co. Suff. ... 2 

Matilda de Aubervill, Thorpe Morieux, co. Suff. 

(member of the Barony of Penwortham) ... 1 
Gilbert de Hastings, Thorpe Morieux, co. Suff. 

(member of the Barony of Penwortham) ... 1 

Eoger de Huntingfield, Mendham, co. Suff. ... 1 

Earl Roger Bigod, Willingham, Stoneham, and else- 
where in co. Suff. ... ... . ... 4 

Earl Alberic de Vere, Waddingfield, co. Suff. ... J 

Theobald Walter, Newton, co. Suff. £ 

Bobert Bertram, Frettenham, co. Norf. 1 

Geoffrey fitz Peter, Hainford, co. Norf., for the heir 

of William Blundel 1 

[Thomas de Moulton and Gilbert de Kentwell, 

Thurston, co. Suff. 1] 



By the Sheriff of Nottinghamshire. 

Michael de Malnvers, Holm, &c, co. Notts. 
Eanulph de Marsey, Gamston and Mattersey, co 

JLi './Ll/CJ. ... ... ... ... ... . 

Bichard de Furneaux 

Balph de St. George, Bothumsell, co. Notts. 
Geoffrey Monk, Flintham, co. Notts. 
Ealph de Vernon, uncertain, perhaps Anston, co 
York 

J- Vl 111 ... ... ... ... ... • 



2 
8 

i 



1* 



By the Sheriff of Lincoln. 

Nicholas de Verdun, South Kirkby, co. Line. ... f 

The Advocate of Beton [of Artois], Boothby, co. 

JlaIUvs. ... ..« ... ..* ... ... J 

The Prior of Grimsby and his participes, Swallow, 

N/vJ. Jl^LXXv/. ... ... ... ... ... ... 9 

The total 74 J, -j^, gives two fees more than the estimated value 
of the first and second Scutages, owing to the omission of Benedict 
Gernet's one fee and another fee in Thurston. Thus 72£ and £ fees 
at 2 marks = £96 85. lOd. Vide page 114. 

The thanes and tenants in fee farm were also called upon to 
pay a fine of 50 marks " ne transfretent," and to escape any pro- 
ceedings against them for failing to personally perfoim military 

service. It is probable that there was little, if any distinction 

L 



146 THE LANCASHIRE PIPE ROLLS. 

between tenure in "free thanage" and "in fee farm." Both 
resolved themselves ultimately into tenure " in socage." 

Shortly before the end of the previous fiscal year, i.e. 9 about 
Mich. 1200, the Rarony of Penwortham had been taken into the 
King's hands pending the judgment upon the trial which was 
then proceeding between Hugh and Robert Bussel (page 138). 
The issues for the year included £8 6s. M. } the rent for which the 
Sheriff had farmed out the lands of the Barony ; 2 marks for corn 
sold ; 35s. 8d. perquisites of the Court of Penwortham, and £ mark 
presumably for soutage of { knight's fee, consisting of lands held 
by Hugh Bussel in demesne. 

Robert, son of Bernard, thane of Goosnargh, had been invoking 
the King's aid in the collection of debts due to him, and had 
promised one-third, amounting to £4 15s., in return for the 
Sheriffs assistance. Four years later he promised one-half the 
total of the debts then due to him, and the King sent word to the 
Sheriff to distrain the following persons, and to keep the moiety 
of the sums recovered for the King's use ; viz. : — 

Theobald Walter 5 marks. 

Robert de Bury, Richard de Uonford, Adam 

Banastre, William Eitton, Ceroid de 

Clayton, Henry de Lee, Ralph the 

Reeve ... ... ... ,. ,., 4 marks. 

Richard de Broughton, son of Ughtred, 

sometimes called " de Singleton " ... 10s. 
Peter de Hackensall £ mark. 

Yorkshire Roll. — Roger de Montbegon's fine was the balance 
of £500 proffered in the 1 John for the royal liceqce to marry 
Olive, the widow of Robert de St. John, with her estate in co. 
York. 



MAG. ROT. PIP., 4 JOH'IS (1201-1202). 
(Roij, No. 48. m. 12.) 

Lancastria. 

Ricardus de Vernun reddit Coinpotum de cc.lt de firma 
Honoris de Laucastra. Iji thesauro xiij.li. et iiij.d, 

lit in terris Datis Willelmo Walensi de Valeines x.li, in Cofho. 
Et Willelmo filio Walkelini ix.li. in Stavenesbi. Et Nigello 
de Greselea iiijji. et xvj.s. in Drakelawe. Et Victor* lviij-s. in 



ROLL OF 4 JOHN (1201-1202). 147 

Wellingoure. Et Willelino Marescallo xxxij.li. in Cartmel. Et 
Yemerht de Hilton xxiiij.s. in terra de Penelton. Et Rogero de 
Huntingefeld xv.li. in terra quain tenet in Mendham qute pertinet 
ad praedictum honorem. Et Roberto Ruflb xiij.li. in Navenebi. 
Et Coniiti de Derebi x.li. quas vicecomes de Lancastra consuevit 
recipere per annum ab hominibus de Notingeham, qua3 solebant 
pertinere ad tercium denarium Comitatus Lancastne. Et Hugoni 
Janitori xx.m. in Croxton pro Escambio luereditatis sua? de 
Corfhara et de Culminton. Et in eadem villa de Croxton Sarracenra 
x.m. Et in Operatione castelli de Westderebi vj.li. et ix.s, et 
vij.d. per breve justiciarii, quae attulit de computandis sibi x 
marcis, et per visum Henrici Travers et Henrici de Waleton, Et 
in Operationibus castellorum de Lancastra et Westderebi xx.m f 
per breve Regis et per visum Walteri de Paries et Henrici de 
Waleton. Et item in eorundem Operatione xxviij.s. per breve 
Regis. Et in Defalta exitus forestae de Lancastra x.li. per 
prasdictum breve. Et in Emeudatione Gaiolaj de Lancastra xx.s, 
et vij.d. per idem breve. Et in lustauramento empto pro c. et xx 
Ovibus lx.s. Et pro lvj Bobus xj.li et iiij.s. Et pro Ix vaccid 
xij.li. per breve Regis, Et in praadicta defalta exitus forestas x,li 
de anno praeterito. Et debet xij.s. et x.d. 

Idem vicecomes [debet] xxxviij.li. et xv.s. et vj.d. de Rema- 
nenti firma de anno praterito. 

Idem vicecomes r.c. de cm, de Cremento Comitatus facto per 
ipsum vicecomitem. In th'ro lib, E. Q. E. 

Idem vicecomes r.c. de xxx.s. de Cremento de Crossebi, Et de 
xx.s. de Cremento de Waleton. Et de dimidia m. de Cremento de 
Wavertrie. Et de xiij.s. et viij,d. de Cremento de Mjddelton. Et 
de v.8. de Cremento de Pulton. Et de iij.s. de Crement o de 

x.8. de Cremento de Blakerode. In th ro lib. in v talliis. 

E. Q. E, 

Idem vicecomes r.c. de xlij.g. et ix.d. de Cremento de Skerton, 

In th'ro xxxvj.s. et j.d. Et in Defalta j Carrucre dim, m. 

E, Q, E. 

Idem r.c. de lij.s. et vj.d, de Cremento de Overton. In th'ro 
xlv.s. et x.d. Et in Defalta j Carrucae dim. in, E. Q. E. 

Idem vicecomes r.c. de xx.s, de Cremento de Bothelton. Et de 

dim. m. de Cremento Molendini de Bothelton. Et de xxv.s. de 

Cremento de Nieweton. Et de xxx,s. de Cremento Molendinorum 

ejusdem villse. Et de xvj,s. de Cremento de Everton. Et de xl.s. 

de Cremento de Westderebi. Et de Ls. de Cremento de Hales. 

L 2 



148 THE LANCASHIRE PIPE ROLLS. 

Et de viij.s. de Cremento de Sauford. Et de xij.s. de Cremento de 
Burton. Et de viij.s. de Cremento de Ordeshal. Et de ij.s. et vj.d. 
de Cremento de Flixton. Et de x.s. de Cremento de Brotheton. 
In th'ro lib. in xij talliis. E. Q. E. 

Nicolaus Pincerna debet xxxiiij.s. et vj.d. de Eemanenti firma 
sicut continetur in Rotulo secundo. Et ix.li. de Remanenti 
Scutagio honoris de Lancostra de primo et secundo et tercio 
Scutagio Regis Ricardi. Sed requirendus est in Essex. 

Idem vicecomes deb. ij.s. de firma cujusdam domus in Lan- 
castra de anno prseterito et de lioc anno. 

Comitatus Lancastroo deb. xx.li. pro quietancia reguardL De 
quibus Hugo de Nevill debet respondere sicut Vicecomes dicit, de 
quibus respondet in Dorset, in Rotulo scqueuti. 

Hugo de Nevill deb. x.m. de pro Benedicto Geniet quas recepit 

ab eo pro habenda Serjanteria forestas sicut recognovit per breve 
suum. Sed pnedictus Hugo respondet inde in Dorset' in Rotulo 
sequenti. 

Ricardus de Venables et Agnes uxor ejus deb. ij.in. pro brevi 
de morte antecessoris sicut continetur in Rotulo primo. 

Henricus de Waleton r.c. de iiij.li. pro habenda confirmatione 
Regis sicut continetur ibidem. In th'ro Nichil. Et ipsi Regi 
j palefridus per breve Regis. E. Q. E. 

Idem vicecomes [debet] xxxviij.li. et v.s. et x.d. de primo 
Scutagio assiso ad duas marcas. 

Be Oblatis. 
Milites et Theini de Honore Lancastrse r.c. de cc. et xxxix.li. 
et viij.s. et xj.d. et de x chascurs pro confirmatione carte suae de 

libertatibus forests. In th'ro c et xj.li. et x.s. et vj.d. Et deb. 
c et xxvijji. et xviij.s. et v.d. et x chascurs. De quibus H[ugo] de 
Nevill recognovit quod recepit quater xx et ij.li. de quibus re- 
spondet in Dorset, in Rotulo quia recepit sequenti. 1 EtTeobaldus 
Walteri xlv.li. et xij.s. et x.d. Et debent x.lL et v.s. et vij.d. et 
x chascurs. 

Adam filius Orm r.c. de j.m. pro confirmatione sicut continetur 
in Rotulo primo. In th'ro lib. E. Q. E. 

Yereuerht de Hilton r.c. de vj.li, et x.s. pro Pendelton sicut 
continetur in Rotulo secundo. In th'ro vj.li. Et deb. x.s. 

Hugo de Nevill deb. xvan. De quibus respondet in Dorset, in 

1 " Sed inde respondet in Dorset quia recepit in anno sequenti." {Chancellor's 
Moll.) 



roll of 4 jonx (1201-1202). 149 

Rotulo sequenti quas recepit a Rogero de Hetton sicut continetur 
ibidem. 

Hugo Buissel deb. ix.m. pro habenda carta sicut continetur 
ibidem. Idem deb. xl.m. et iij chascurs sicut continetur ibidem. 
Warinus de Whitingham deb. xl.s. sicut continetur ibidem. 
Matthaeus filius Willelmi deb. xx.li. pro catallis sicut continetur 
ibidem. Orm de Eston deb. xx.li. pro eodem sicut continetur ibidem. 
Sed non potuerunt habere rectum, et ideo non debent summoneri. 

Ricardus Fitun r.c. de ij.m. pro habenda saisina sicut contine- 
tur ibidem. In th'ro ij.s. Et deb. xxiiij.s. et viij.d. Idem r.c. de 
eodem debito. In th'ro xv.s. Et deb. vij.s. In th'ro liberavit ,et 
viij.d E. Q. E. 

Willelmus fili.is Adae r.c. de xl.s. sicut continetur ibidem. In 
th'ro lib. E. Q. E 

Arturus de Estone r.c. de x.m. pro confirmatione cartas suae 
sicut continetur ibidem. In th'ro lj.s. Et deb. iiij.li, et ij.s. et iiij.d. 

Hugo Norrensis r.c. de j.m. pro confirmatione cart<e suae. In 
th'ro lib. E. Q. E 

Elyas filius Roberti r.c. de v.ni. et ij chascurs pro eodem. In 
th'ro v.m. Et deb. ij chascurs. 

Henricus filius Warini r.c. de ij.m. pro eodem. In th'ro j.m. 
Et deb. j.m. 

Robertus de Ainolvesdale r.c. de xxx.s. pro habendo brevi sicut 
continetur in Rotulo secundo. In th'ro xvj.s. et viij.d. Et deb. 
j.m. Idem r.c. de eodem debito. In th'ro lib. E. Q. E. 

Robertus de Hacumesho r.c. de xvj.s. et vj.d. pro habenda con- 
firmatione sicut continetur ibidem. In th'ro viij.s. Et deb. viij.s. 
et vj.d. 

Walterus de Tirinton et Ricardus de Brexes deb. dim. m. pro 
habenda loquela sicut continetur ibidem. Willelmus de Rideclive 
deb. x.m. pro habenda inquisitione sicut continetur ibidem. 

Hugo de Morevill r.c. de iij bonis palefridis pro curia sua 
habenda sicut continetur ibidem. In th'ro v.m. Et deb. ij 

palefridos . 

Gilebertus filius Reinfridi r.c. de ij.m. pro cartis suis confir- 
mandi8 sicut continetur ibidem. In th'ro lib. E. Q. E. 

Homines de Preston r.c. de j.m. pro habenda pace sicut con- 
tinetur in Rotulo praecedenti. In th'ro lib. E. Q. S. 

Ricardus filius Roberti r.c. de dim. m. pro Relevio terrae suae 
in Lathum. In th'ro lib. E. Q. E. 



150 TOE LANCASHIRE PIPE ROLLS. 

Robertas cle Stokeport r.c. de lij.li. et xiij.s. et iiij.d. pro 
habenda terra quae fuit Ricardi filii Rogeri. Et de iij.m. pro 
habenda confirmatione sicut continetur in Rotulo priecedenti. Et 
de ij.m. et dim. de promisso sicut continetur ibidem. Et de v 
palefridis. Summa lvj.lL et vj.s. et viij.d. et v palefridi. In th'ro 
lvj.li. et vj.s. et viij.d. Et proeterea ij.m. et dim. Et deb. xxij.m. 
et dim. pro palefridis. 

Ricardus de Mida r.c. de ij.m. pro halxmda terra de Waleton 
sicut continetur in Rotulo praccedenti. In th'ro lib. E. Q. E. 

Robertas Bussel deb. xx.m. de Cremento finis cm. quern prius 
fecerat sicut continetur ibidem. Matheus Gernet deb. xl.8. et 
j palefridum pro habenda saisina sicut continetur ibidem. 

Henricus de Culchet et Alanus de Rixton et socii eorura r.c. 
de xx.8. et j chascur per sic quod det (sic) vadium sicut continetur 
ibidem. In th'ro liberavit lx.s. E. Q. E. (sic) 

Adam filius Orm r.c. de xx.s. et j chascur pro habendo brevi 
sicut continetur ibidem. In th'ro xx.s. Et deb. j chascur. 

Tomas Gernet deb. xj.s. pro habenda Saisina sicut continetur 
ibidem. Alexander de Preston deb. viij.s. pro habenda saisina 
sicut continetur ibidem. Alina et Sabina de Hammingham deb. 
xx.s. ut loquelasit apud Westmonasterium sicut continetur ibidem. 
Hugo de Nevill deb. lxix.m. et x.s. sicut vicecomes dicit, sicut 
continetur in Rotulo praecedenti. Sed respondet iude in Dorset, 
in anno sequenti 

Be sccundo Scutagio. 

Robertas le Vavasur [deb.] iij.m. de Scutagio sicut continetur 
in Rotulo praecedenti. 

Gilebertus filius Reinfridi r.c. de x.li. et xv.s. de eodem. In 
th'ro lib. E. Q. E. 

Idem Gilebertus deb. xx.li. de Misericordia sua sicut continetur 
in Rotulo proecedenti. De quibus Adam de Karduil recognovit 
quod eas recepit et de quibus ipse debet respondere in compoto 
Hugonis de Nevill. 

Teobaldus Walteri [deb.] dim. m. de eodem Scutagio. 

Willelmus Piucerna r.c. de j.m. de eodem. In th'ro lib. 

E. Q. E. 

Rogerus de Frekenton et Galfridus Gernet et Quenild de 
Warton debent xxvj.s. et iiij.d. de eodem. Idem vicecomes deb. 
xix.li. et xj.s. et ij.d. de Remanenti Scutagio Honoris Lancastrae. 
Sed respondet infra. 



ROLL OF 4 JOHN (1201-1202). 151 

Idem vicecomes r.c. de x.li. et ix.d. de firma terrarum Hugonis 
Bussel de anno integro. Et de liiij.s. et iiij.d. de perquisitionibus. 
Iu th'ro lib. in ij talliis. E. Q. E. 

Idem vicecomes deb. prcedictas xix.li. et xj.s. et ij.d. de pne- 
dicto Scutagio. Sed Vicecomes Norfoleh respondet inde in Rotulo 
de anno pneterito in Norfolch, scilicet de xv inilitibus de honore 
Lancastrse et ideo non debet summoned. 

Idem vicecomes r.c. de lxx.s. de firma de Croxton de tribus 
partibus anni. In th'ro lib. E Q. E. 

De Taillagio facto per Ricardum Malebisse, 

Idem vicecomes r.c. de xxvij.m. et vij.s. et viij.d. de Taillagio 
hominum et Villarum quorum nomina annotantur in Rotulo 
quem praedictus E[icardus Malebisse] liberavit in thesauro. In 
th'ro lib. in xxxix talliis. E. Q. E. 

Burgus de Lancastra r.c. de vj.m. de eodem. In th'ro lxxv.s. 
Et deb. v.s. Idem r.c. de eodem debito. In th'ro lib. E. Q. E. 

Alexander de Pulkinton r.c. de dim. m. pro eodem. In th'ro 
v.s. Et deb. xx.d. 

Robertus de Prestwic r.c. de dim. m. de eodem. In th'ro xix.d. 
Et deb. v.s. et j.d. 

Walterus de Paroles r.c. de xl.s. de eodem. In th'ro ij.m. Et 
deb. j.m. Idem r.c. de eodem debito. In th'ro lib. E. Q. E. 

Gaufridus de Hulm r.c. de dim. m. de eodem. In th'ro v.s. et 
iiij.d. Et deb. xvj.d. 

Eogerus de Fiekelton r.c. de xx.s. de eodem. In th'ro xvij.s. 
Et deb. iij.s. 

Nicholaus Pincerna Idem vicecomes r.c. de dim. m. de Eanulfo 

de Rolveston. Et iiij.s. de taillagio de Middelton. Et xx.s. 
de villata de Penelton. Et iiij.s. de Flixton. Et de xx.s. de villata 
de Derebi. Et de j.m. de villata de Hale. Et de dim. m. de 
villata de Waleton. Et v.s. de Elya de Penelbiri. Et dim. m. 
de Rogero de Middelton. Et dim. m. de Willelmo de Eadeclive. 

Gamel et Tomas et Robertus de Bothelton r.c. de dim. m. In 
th'ro lib. E. Q. S. 

Willelmus de Nevill r.c. de xl.s. de eodem. In th'ro xx.s. Et 
deb. xx.s. 

Robertus Lewis deb. dim. m. Ricardus filius Ricardi deb. dim. 
m. Ricardus propositus de Derebi deb. dim. in. Siwardus de 
Middelton deb. ij.s. de eodem taillagio. 



152 TIIE LANCASHIRE PIPE ROLLS. 

Nova oblata. 

Galfridus le Arbelastier r.c. de xv.m. pro confirmanda Carta sua 
de Presoure et de Akencsho. In th'ro x.m. Et deb. v.m. 

Hugo Bussel deb. cccc.in. in Misericordia Regis ut warantizet 
illi defaltam illani per quam perdidit saisinam de terra sua de 
Honore de Pelwrdham et ut faciat ei habere hide saisinam suaui 
quam perdidit per praedictam defaltam. 

Robertus filius Willelmi r.c. de xv.m. pro relevio suo et pro 
habenda saisina quai fuit patris sui die quo obiit. In th'ro x.m. 
et dim. Et deb. lx.s. Idem respondet de eodeni debito. In th'ro 
lib. E. Q. E. 

Eogerus de Burton r.c. de lx.m. pro habenda custodia terne et 
hreredis Ricardi de Lyrebi et custodia Mathei Gernet et pro uxore 

ipsius Mathei maritanda cui voluerit, quae est filia ipsius Rogeri ita 
quod non disparagietur. In th'ro xx.li. Et deb. xx.li. 
Abbas de Furneis [debet] xl.s. de dono. 

Dc Scutagio Militum et Jinibus de tcrcio Scutagio. 
Idem vicecomes reddit Compotum de iij.m. de Ricardo de Muli- 
neals pro feodo dimidii Militia. Et de x.m. de Roberto de Stoke- 
port pro quarta parte feodi j Militis. Et de iij.m. de TYmia de 
Goseburn et Adam de Lauton pro feodo j Militis. Et de ij.m. de 
Henrico de Rademan pro theinagio. Et de ij.m. de Adam decano 
pro eodem. Et de j.iu. de Adam filio Osberti. Et de ij.m. de Gile- 
berto de Croft pro theinagio. Et de xx.s. de Waltero de Paries. 
Et de xl.s. de Willelmo de Hellfey]. Et de dim m. de Radulfo filio 
Gillemihel. Et de xx.li. de Willelmo filio Michaelis firmarii. 
Et de xl.s. de Adam filio Orm. Et de dim. m. de Johanue de 
Thaurrandeshal' pro Serjanteria. Et de dim. in. de Hugone de Oyse- 
clive pro eodem. Et de iij.s. de Willelmo de Stortun. Et de dimidio 
m. de Radulfo de Bulr[un]. Et de dim. m. de Rogero de Frekelton. 
Et de ij.m. de Petro de Eston. Et de xl.s. de Geroldo de Claiton. 
Et de dim. m. de Johanne de Middelton pro theinagio. Et de 
dimidia m. de Siwardo de Middelton. Et de xx.s. de Amfrido de 
Ines. Et de xl.s. de Alano de Windhill. Et de j.m. de Ricardo 
de Horhill. Et de dim. m. de Adam de Billing. Et de dim. m. 
de Alano de Burun. Et de dim. m. de Wilot de Neuton. Et de 
x.s. de Willelmo de Notton. Et de j.m. de Gilleberto de Norton. 
Et de dim. m. de Elya de Finnelheria. Et de j.m. de Roberto de 
Prestwic. Et de dim. m. de Henrico tilio Galfridi. Et de iiij.s. de 
Willelmo do Bothelton. Et de dim. m. de Gusputricio de Chelton. 



KOLL OF 4 JOHN (1201-1202). 153 

Et de ij.m. de Hugone Norrensi. Et de dim. m. de Rogero de 
Middelton. Et de ij.m. de Roberto filio Radulfi. Et de xl.s. de 
Ricardo filio Roberti. Et de dim. m. de Henrico de Moiling. Et 
de x.s. de Adam de Gerston. Et de v.s. de Henrico de Hoilland. 
Et de dimidia m. de Ricardo de Golde. 1 Et de j.m. de Ricardo de 
Dutton. Et de dim. m. de Ricardo de Dutton. Et de dim. m. 
de Philipo de Dutton. Et de dim. m. de Adam de Dutton. Et 
de dim. m. de Willelmo filio Stephani. Et de xl.s. de Roberto filio 
Osberti. Et de j.m. de Henrico de Waleton. Et de dim. m. de 
Ricardo de Smethedon. Et de xl.s. de Henrico de Lee pro 
Serjanteria. Summa lxvij.li. et v.s. et iiij.d. In th'ro lib. in liij 
talliis. E. Q. E. 

Idem vicecomes r.c. de dim. m. de Adam de Middelton. Et de 
j.m. de Toma Gernet. Et de j.m. de Willelmo de Radeclive. Et 
de iiij.s. de Alexandro de Picton. 2 In th'ro lib. in iiij talliis. 

E. Q. E. 

Rogerus de Frequinton r.c. de iij.m. ne transfretet de j Milite. 
In th'ro j.m. Et deb ij.m. 

Galfridus Carbunel [deb.] iij.m. de feodo dimidii Militis. 

Prior de Grimesbi et participes sui r.c. de iij.m. pro feodo 
dimidii Militis. In th'ro ij.m. Et deb. j.m. 

Teobaldus Walteri deb. vj.m. pro feodis trium Militum sicut 
vicecomes dicit. Sed habet Quietantiam per breve G[alfridi] filii 
Petri. 

Willelmus Pincerna r.c. de xvj.ui. de Scutagio viij Militum. 
In th'ro ij.m. et habet quietantiam de xiiij.m. per breve G[alfiidi] 
filii Petri. 

Galfridus Gernet r.c. de viij.s. de Scutagio de tercia parte 
j feodi In th'ro lib. E. Q. E. 

Henricus Falconarius r.c. de ij.m. de Scutagio de feodo j militis. 

In th'ro lib. E. Q. K 

Galfridus Costentin r.c. de ij. m. de Scutagio de feodo j Militis. 

In th'ro lib. E. Q. E. 

Ranulf us de Viri deb. j.m. de Scutagio de feodo dimidii Militis. 

Sed habet quietantiam per breve Regis. 

Idem vicecomes r.c. de xvij.s. de Hugone Portario et matre 

Sarracenae in Croxton de ij partibus j feodi. In th'ro lib. 

E. Q. E. 

Ricardus de Mulineals r.c. de j. m. de Scutagio dimidii Militis. 

In th'ro lib. E. Q. E. 

* Read Bolde. * Read Pilkington. 



154 THE LANCASHIRE PirE ROLLS 

Idem vicecomes r.c. de iiij.s. et v.d. de Yeruertli de Hilton pro 
vj a parte feodi j Militis. Et de ij.s. et viij.d. de Scutagio Geroldi 
de Claiton. Et de xj.s. de (Xsberto 1 filio Ricardi et Elia de Hoton et 

Eogero de Hoton de Scutagio scilicet de tribus decimis partibus et 
dimidia decinia. In th'ro lib. in iij tallis. KQ.K 

Isti habent Quietanciam per brevia. 

Robertus de Greselea de feodis xij Militum. Rogerus de 
Munbegun de viij feodis. Gilebertus filius Reinfridi de feodo 
dimidii j militis. Rogerus de Lasci de ix viij feodis. Robertus de 

Harestan de feodo j Militis. 

Idem vicecomes r.c* de ij.s. de Henrico de Melling de taillagio. 
Et de ij.s. de Radulfo filio Martini. Et de ij.s. de Henrico de 
Holand. Et de xij.d. de Philippo de Ditton. Et de xij.cl. de 
Roberto filio . . . .* Et de xij.d. de Roberto filio Rogeri. Et 
de xij.d. de Adam filio Roberti. Et de iij.s. de Ricardo filio Martini. 
Et de iij.s. de Ricardo de Smethedon. In th'ro lib. in ix talliis. 

E. Q. K 
Idem vicecomes respondit de xlix feodis et quarta parte feodi 
j militis quae supra annotantur. Et vicecomes Norfolch de xv 
feodis et dimidio. Et vicecomes de Notinghamscire de viij feodis 
et tercia parte feodi j Militis. Et vicecomes Lincolnire de feodo 
j Militis et tribus partibus. Et est Summa omnium Militum lxxiiij. 
et dim. et quarta. Et praeterea de j Sexta et tribus decimis et 
dimidia decima. 

Henricus de Revet deb. dim. m. pro habendo quodam praecipe 
de v Bovatis terne et dimidia in Revet in Adventu Justiciariorum 
in partes illas versus Johannem de Revet et Gamellum fratrein 
ejus, Henricum filium Willelmi et Alexandrum filium Ricardi. 

Robertus de Tateshal [debet] vij.lL et vj.s. et viij.d. de tallagio 
Servientum de Lancastra. 

Ammcrciamenta facta per Johannem Norwieemem et Sugonem 

Bardulf et Socios suos. 

Idem vicecomes r.c. de quater xx et vj.li. et viij.s. de Miseri- 
cordiis Hominum et villarum quorum nomina et debita et causae 
debitorum annotantur in Rotulo quern praedicti liberaverunt in 
thesauro. In th'ro lib. in c et quater xx et xviij talliis. E. Q. E. 

1 Underlined for cancellation, "R" written above. Read Roberto. 
3 Torn. " Roberti." (Chancellor's Soil.) 



roll of 4 joiis (1201-1202). 155 

From the Nottingham and Derbyshire Boll, 4 John. 

(De Scutagio Militum de tercio Scutagio.) 

Idem vicecomes r.c. de xxx.m. de Willelmo filio Walkenini 
pro feodis iiij Militum de Honore de Tikehuel. Et de v.m. de 
Johanne de Aiencurt pro feodo j Militis de honore Peverell 
et Tikehull. Et de iiij.iu. de Eadulpho de Sancto Georgio pro 

feodo j Militis et vj parte j Mil. de Honore Lancastra. Et de 
x.m. de Roberto le Vavasur pro feodo j Militis et vj parte de 
eodem honore. Et de xv.m. de Rannulpho de Merese pro feodis 
trium Militum de eodem honore. Et de x.m. de Micaele de 
Malnviers pro feodis ij Militum de eodem honore. Et de c.s. de 
Galfrido Monacho pro feodo j Militis de pnedicto honore. Et 
de j.m. de Gervasio de Wiverton pro v parte feodi j Militis de 
Honore de Tikehull Peverell. In th'ro lib. in viij talliis. E. Q. E. 

m. 14. darso. 

From the Essex Pipe Boll, 4 John. 

De Oblatis. 

Nicolaus Pincerna deb. xxxiiij.s. et vj.d. — Sed respondet supra 
— de Remanenti firma de Lancastra. Et deb. ix.li. de Remanenti 
Scutagio honoris Lancastra de primo et secundo et tercio Scutagio 
Regis Ricardi, qui requirebatur in Lancastra. m. 19. 

NOTES ON THE PIPE KOLL OF 4 JOIIX (MICH. 1201-MICH. 1202). 

Repairs had been lately effected to the Castles of West Derby 
and Lancaster, 10 marks upon the former, under the superinten- 
dence of Henry Travers and Henry de Walton, the Serjeant or 
bailiff of the wapentake of West Derby ; and 20 marks upon both 
Castles under the superintendence of Walter de Paries and the 
said Henry de Walton. 

Siuce Easter, 1200, the Sheriff had ceased to receive the issues 
of the Forest of Lancaster, which had been given to Benedict 
Gernet, the Kings Forester (page 109). 

The condition of the Gaol at Lancaster had been receiving 
attention. During the year the royal demesnes had also been 
restocked by the purchase of a long hundred of breeding ewes, 
costing 6cL each, and of seven teams of oxen required for the 
cultivation of seven carucates of land, and of sixty cows for the 
vaccaries of Wyresdale. A working ox and a calving cow each 
cost 4s. at this period. 

Matthew de Haversage, son of William (page 121), and Orm 



156 THE LANCASHIRE TIPE ROLLS.. 

de Ashton (page 122) who had each proffered £20 for a writ of 
right, were unable to obtain verdicts in their favour. Their debts 
were therefore cancelled. 

The issues of Hugh Bussel's estate in renwortham, which 
was in the King's hands, produced £10 9s. for the year, and the 
perquisites of the Court, 54s. 4d, 

One-third of Crox ton-Key riall had again been in the King's 
hands for nine months of the year. Sarazina de Apegnrd had 
recovered this estate, which was her mother's right, at Mich. 1199. 
She had then proffered 30 marks for an inquiry as to whether ten 
markates of land in Croxton were the right of Macelinga her 
mother, and whether Count John's bailiffs — during the period 
1189-1194 — had disseised her unjustly and without right To 
this entry in the Fine Roll of 1 John, m. 18, the note is added — 
" Let inquiry be made, and if it be so found to be, and she find 
sureties, let her have that land." She had accordingly been put 
in seisin at Michaelmas, 1199, but upon her death it had again 
been taken into the King's hands. At Michaelmas, 1204, William 
de St. Aubin and Christiana his wife obtained possession as 
Sarazina's heirs. 

There is an error in the account rendered by the Knights and 
Thanes of their debt for confirmation of the charter of liberties of 
the Forest. The amount brought forward was £239 8s. lid. ; the 
payment during the year was £111 10s. 6d. ; Hugh de Nevill had 
received £82, and Theobald Walter £45 12s. IQd. The balance 
remaining due was only 5s. Id. Next year they paid £10 5s. 7rf. 

De taillagio facto pek Rioardum Malebisse. — The tallage 
which w T as made this year throughout the Kingdom, was assessed in 
the county of Lancaster by Richard Malebisse, a military tenant of 
the Honor of Eye and a staunch servant of King John. In some 
cases the levy seems to have been at the rate of £ mark upon 
each carucate. The total sum levied within the county amounted 
to £104 8s. composed of 127 items of account Of this amount 
27 marks 7s. M. were accounted for by the Sheriff in 39 tallies ; 
but the names of the persons and places contributing, although 
entered upon the roll which Richard Malebisse delivered into the 
Treasury, were not entered in the Pipe Roll. 

The following is a list of the names of persons and places 
detailed in the present roll, to which has been added some infor- 
mation respecting their estates, tenure and services, chiefly taken 
from the Testa de Nevill : — 



roll of 4 joiin (1201-1202). 157 

The Burgesses of Lancaster, 6 in. ; tenure free burgage, yearly 
service 20 m. 

Alexander de Pilkington, £ m. ; six oxgangs in Rivington, in 
thanage by 10s. 

Robert de Prestwich, ^ m. ; four oxg. in Alcrington, in fee farm 
by 4s. ; and ten oxg. in Prestwich and Failsworth in thanage 
by 24s. 

Walter de Paries, 40s., probably a serjeanty in the Wapentake 

of Salford. 

Geoffrey de Hulm, \ m. ; one car. in Ilulme, in fee farm by 6s. 

Roger de Freckleton, 20s. ; estate not ascertained. 

Ranulph de Rolveston, \ m. ; estate not ascertained. 

The towns of Middleton, 4s. ; Pendleton, 20s. ; Flixton, 4s. one 
car. ; West Derby, 20s. ; Hales, 1 m. ; Walton on the Hill, 1 m. 

Elias de Pendlebury, 5s. ; nine oxg. in Pendlebury and Shores- 
worth in thanage by 12s. 

Roger de Middleton, £ m. ; one car. in Chetham in thanage by 
13s. 4rf. 

William de Radcliffe, \ m. ; one car. in Radcliffe, held of the 
heir of Ranulph de Marsey, in fee farm by 6s. 

Gamell, Thomas and Robert de Bolcon, £ m. ; one car. in Little 
Bolton, held of the heir of Ranulph de Marsey, by serjeanty. 

William de Nevill, 40s. ; thirteen oxg. in Haske Moors (pro- 
bably a district around Oldham) in thanage by 9s. 9Jrf. 

Robert Lewis, £ m. ; estate not ascertained. 

Richard son of Richard, £ m. ; estate not ascertained. Possibly 
he was Richard de Torbock. 

Richard, the reeve of Derby, £ m. ; two or twelve oxg. in 
West Derby by serjeanty. 

Siward de Middleton 2s. ; three oxg. in Middleton in thanage 
by 5s. 

Henry de Redman, 2 m. for thanage and Adam, the Dean of 
Kirkham in Amounderness 2 m. for thanage. In the 31 Henry II. 
(page 54) Adam the Dean paid 2\ m. for licence to marry his 
daughter to the son of Norman de Redman, i.e. to the above- 
mentioned Henry. In the 28 Henry IT. (page 47), the Dean had 
proffered 40 m. for the wardship of his nephew and of half a 
carucate of land, and for the marriage of the mother. In 
Michelmas Term, 6 Richard I. {Curia Regis Roll, No. 2), Adam, 
Dean of Kirkham, and Richard clericus essoined themselves rersus 
Theobald Walter in a plea concerning the advowson of the church 



158 THE LANCASHIRE PIPE K0LL8. 

of Kirkham, by Henry eon of Walter. In the 10 Richard T. 
(page 102) Adam de Lancastra proffered £10 for ward hip of the 
heir of Richard son of Waldeve, and of his land. In the 7 John 
(Fine Solly m. 4) William, son of Richard gave 1 in. for a praecipe 
quod redded against Adam the Dean, to obtain possession of his 
land which the Dean held with the wardship of the said William. 
About this time Henry de Redman, with the consent of his wife 
and heirs, granted a rent of 3s. arising from lands in Pennington 
for the maintenance of certain lamps in Furness Abbey, viz. — 
2s. which William, son of Waldeve, the grantor's uncle renders to 
him for land called Haw thorn thwaite, which formerly belonged to 
Adam the grantor's uncle, and 12d. which Gam el, son of Levin 
renders to him for land called Micklethwaite (Furness Coucher, 
p. 509). These references have been given to assist in the 
identification of the estates for which Henry de Redman and 
Adam, the Dean rendered tallage as teuants in thanage. 

Adam, son of Osl>ert, 1 m. ; estate not asecrtained (page 84). 

Gilbert de Croft, 2 m. ; one car. in Claughton (?) by serjeanty 
to keep the Lord's falcons ; two car. in Dalton in thanage 
by 10*.; and one and a half car. in Southworth in fee farm 
by 20s. 

Walter de Paries 20$. ; one carucate in Poulton-le-Sands, in 
fee farm by 155. 

William de Healey 40s. ; estate not ascertained. 

Ralph, son of Gilmichael, £ m. ; perhaps half a car. in Sline by 
serjeanty. 

William, son of Michael [le Fleming], £20 ; twenty and a half 
car. in Furness in fee farm by £10. 

Adam, son of Orm [de Kellet], 40s. ; three car. in Kellet by 
serjeanty ; one car. in Middleton in thanage by 13s. Ad. 

John de Torrisholme, £ m. ; one car. in Torrisholme by 
serjeanty to cure the Lord's bacon, etc. 

Hugh de Oxclive, £ m. ; one car. in Oxclive by serjeanty, to 
perform carpenter's service. 

William de Skerton, 3s. ; one car. in Skerton by serjeanty, to 
be reeve or warden. 

Ralph de Bolrun, £ m. ; one car. in Rolrun by serjeanty, to 
be stone mason or waller when work was required to be done 
upon Lancaster Castle. 

Roger de Freckleton, \ m. ; one car. in Thorp in Leylandshire 
in fee farm by 10s. 



ROLL OF 4 JOHN (1201-1202). 159 

Peter de Ashton, 2 m. ; possibly this may have been Ashton 
in Amounderness. 

Gerold de Clayton, 40s. ; four oxg. in Penwortham by 
serjeanty. 

John de Middleton, £ m. ; six oxg. in Middleton in Salford- 
shire in thanage by 10s. and half a judge. 

Siward de Middleton, £ m. ; six oxg. in the same town in 
thanage by 10s. and half a judge. 

Alfred de Ince, 20s. ; three car. in Ince in thanage by 30s. and 
two judges. 

Alan de Windle, 40s. ; estate not ascertained. 

Richard de Orrel, 1 m. ; half a car. in Orrell in thanage by 10s. 

Adam de Billing £ m. ; half a car. in Billing in thanage by 10s. 

Alan de Burun (sic for Aburham ?), £ in. ; (four oxg. in Abrani 
in fee farm by 4s. ?) 

Willoch de Newton, £ m. ; two oxg. by serjeanty ; locality not 
ascertained. 

William de Nocton, 10s. ; one car. held under Ranulph de 
Marsey who was in ward to the King; probably in Brightmede. 

Gilbert de Nocton, 1 m. ; fourteen oxg. jure vxaris Edith de 
Barton in Worsley and Hulton, in thanage by 26s. 

Elias de Pendlebury, £ m. ; and Robert de Prestwich, 1 m. 
(See above.) 

Henry, son of Geoffrey, £ m. ; estate not ascertained. 

William de Bolton, 4s. ; six oxg. in Little Bolton in fee farm 
by 10s. (See page 142.) 

Gospatrick de Chorlton, £ m. ; two car. in Chorlton in thanage 
by 20s. 

Hugh Norreis, 2 m. ; one car. in Blackrod in fee farm by 20s. 
(See page 36.) 

Roger de Middleton, £ m. (See above.) 

Robert, son of Ralph, 2 m. ; estate not ascertained. 

Richard de Lathom, 3 m. ; three car. in Lathom in thanage 
by 20s. 

Henry de Melling, \ m. ; four car. in Melling in thanage by 
22s. 

Adam de Garstan, 10s. ; four car. in Garston in thanage by 
20s. 

Henry de Holland, 5s. ; estate not ascertained. 

Richard de Bolde, £ in. ; four car. in Bold in thanage by 
21s. 4rf. 



160 THE LANCASHIRE PIPE ROLLS. 

Richard de Ditton, £ m. ; half a car. in Ditton in fee farm by 10s. 

Philip and Adam de Ditton, £ m. ; half a car. in Ditton in fee 
farm by 10s. 

William, son of Stephen, £ m. ; estate not ascertained. 

Robert de Ainsdale, 3 m. ; half a car. in Crosby by serjeanty, 
to be bailiff of the Forest of West Derby. 

Henry de Walton, 1 m. ; fourteen oxg. in Walton, Wavertree 
and Newshain by serjeanty, to be bailiff of the Wapentake of West 
Derby. 

Richard de Smeedon, \ in. ; one car. in Thingwall in fee farm 
by 13s. 4rf. 

Henry de Lea, 3 m. ; six car. in Ravensmeol, Ainsdale 
French Lea, and Up Litherland, by serjeanty, to be Falconer. 

Adam de Middleton, \ m. ; one car. in Middleton in Lonsdale 
by military service (?). 

Thomas Gernet, 1 m. ; two car. in Heysham by serjeanty, to 
herald the King's advent into the county by winding a horn and 
to attend upon him; also two car. in Caton in thanage by 20& 

William de Radclifte, 1 in. ; twelve oxg. in Edgeworth and 
Heaton under Horwich in thann< r e bv lG.s. 8rf. 

Alexander de Pilkington, 4s. ; Henry de Helling, 2s. (See 
above.) 

Ralph, son of Martin, 2s. ; possibly land in Ditton. 

Henry de Holand, 2s. ; Philip de Ditton, Is. (See above.) 

Robert, son of . . . . , Is. ; Robert, son of Roger, Is. ; 
Adam, son of Robert, Is. ; estates not ascertained. 

Richard, son of Martin, 3s. ; probably land in Ditton. 

Richard de Smeedon, 3s. (See above.) 

Nova Oblata. — Geoffrey the Crossbowman had received a 
grant of the towns of Hackensall and Preesall, containing six 
carucates of land, from Count John of Mortain, to hold by 
serjeanty, rendering yearly two crossbows. 1 The King had con- 
firmed this grant in consideration of Geoffrey's proffer of 15 marks, 
but the charter is not to be found in the Charter Rolls. A copy 

1 The entry in the Testa de Nevill, Vol. II., f. 819 appears to hare been 
erroneously copied from the original returns made in the 12 and 13 John. Two 
entries — one rein ting to Preston, nud the other to Haekcuhall and Preesall — have 
been mixed into one. Probably these ought to read as follows : — 

"Burgenscs de P re* ton tenent vj carucatas terra? in Preston in libera burgagfo 
per xv libras." 

"Galfridus arbalistarius tenet vj carucatas terra) do dono domini Begis Jobannis 
in serj&ntia per duasarcliibalistas." 



ROLL OF 4 JOHN (1201-1202). 161 

without attestation clause or date is however preserved among the 
Cartas Antiqua, Y., No. 31. 

Hugh Bussel had fared badly in the Curia Regis. The out- 
come of the suit brought against him by Robert Bussel, and of the 
inquiry into the evidence given during the former trial, when he 
recovered the Barony of Penwortham in the County Court at 
Lancaster against his uncle, Geoffrey Bussel, during the time' that 
John was Count of Mortain (page 138), appears to have been 
favourable only in so far as the question of right was concerned ; 
but the Ciown lawyers had apparently proved that the method ot 
obtaining the former verdict had been tortuous, and for this 
default lie was in the King's mercy. The Court had condemned 
him to pay a fine of 400 marks for the King's warranty of the 
default, whereby he had lost seisin of the Honor and for the 
King's mandate to put him in seisin once more. Before this was 
done, however, the Justiciar was directed to obtain sureties for 
payment of 100 marks within the current year, and £100 during 
each of the two ensuing years. Hugli paid 90 marks of this fine, 
— Robert Bussel also sharing in the liability — but apparently they 
were unable to meet the next instalment, and between Easter and 
Michaelmas in the 7th John, 1206, they released their title in the 
Barony, both within the County and without, to Roger de Lacy, 
Constable of Chester, who gave them in return an acquittance to 
hold them harmless against the King for the balance of the lino 
then remaining unpaid, amounting to 310 marks. 

Robert de Harston's relief of 15 marks may have been at the 
usual rate upon two knights' fees, or it may have represented the 
relief for the one knight's fee in Harston and Knipton which he 
held of the Honor of Lancaster, and a fine for seisin of his father's 
estate. According to the Testa dc Neviil, Vol. I., f. 455, William 
de Casthorpe held half a knight's fee in Casthorpe of Robert de 
Harston ; and (ibid., f. 469) Walter de Grey held four and a half cars, 
in Somerton of Robert de Harston by the service of half a knight's 
fee. In the reign of King John both these were held of the Honor of 
Lancaster de vcteri feoffamento, but like some other fees appear to 
have been afterwards alienated from that Honor. 

Roger de Burton, a military tenant of the Barony of Kendal 
had proffered £40 for the wardship of the land, and of the heir of 
Matthew Gemet (see page 139) — who probably died during the year 
— and for the marriage of the widow, who was the said Roger's 
daughter. 

M 



162 THE LANCASHIRE PIPE ROLLS. 

1)E Scut agio Militum — The Sheriff supplies a statement of the 
number of the knights' fees which contributed to the 3rd Scutage 
of this reign. He gives the number as 49^ collected by himself ; 
15£ by the Sheriff of Norfolk and Suffolk ; 8£ by the Sheriff of 
Nottinghamshire, and 1J by the Sheriff of Lincolnshire. Total 
74J, J, ^, yV» tV The figures vary from the previous scutage, 
owing to the Barony of Penwortham being in the King's hands ; 
the return for that fief being now — Roger de Freckleton 1 fee, 
Geoffrey Gernet J fee, Uerold de Clayton y^ fee (not counted in 
the total), Robert, son of Richard, Elias and Roger de Hutton -f^ 
and ^ fee, and Theobald Walter 3 fees, instead of £ fee for Weeton. 
There is also an additional contribution from Hugh le Porter 
and from Macelinga, the mother of Sarazina for $ fee in Croxton. 

Henry de Read had proffered J m. for a prcrcipe concerning five 
and a half oxgangs of land in Read, to enable him to take action at 
the advent of the Justices into those parts versus John de Read and 
Gamel his brother, Henry son of William, and Alexander son of 
Richard, also of Read. Several of these names occur under the 
Titulus de Reued in the Coucher Book of Whalley, pp. 1067-1071. 

The " servientes do Lancastra," i.e. those who held any office 
or serjeanty in the Honor of I^ancaster not already enumerated, 
had been assessed to the tallage at 11 marks. 

John de Grey, Bishop of Norwich (who was afterwards elected 
Archbishop of Canterbury, but set aside by the Pope), Hugh 
Bardulf, John de Gestling, Master Roger Arundel, William fitz 
Richard and others were in eyre in the county during the year. 
There had been great judicial activity — not necessarily implying 
the administration of even justice — throughout the country, and at 
Lancaster the list was a heavy one. The Justices commenced 
their Session on or before the 25th October, 1202, and completed 
it on the 7th November. The entry in this Roll of amercements 
collected and paid into the Treasury is therefore postscriptive, 
and really belongs to the 5th year. No Lancashire Assize Rolls 
for the reign of John are now known to exist, but the final 
concords of some thirty suits dealt with during this Session are 
extant, and in the Roll of the following year particulars of a 
considerable number of cases are given. In the Roll delivered to 
the Treasury by the Justices, there were details of 198 cases of 
amercement of persons and townships, the penalties collected during 
the Autumn amounting to £80 8s. In the Roll of the following 
year, of 123 cases, and of amercements amounting to £240 3s. 8d. 



roll of 5 JOHN (1202-1203). 163 

MAG. ROT. PIP., 5 JOH'IS (1202-1203). 

(Roll No. 49. nu 18, et dorso.) 

Lancastra. 

Ricardus de Vernun reddit Compotuni de cc.li. de firnm Honoris 
de Lancastra. In thesauro lxvij.li. et v.s. 

Et in tern's Datis Willulmo de Valeines x.li. in Cofho. Et 
Willelmo Alio Walkelini ix.li. in Stavenesbi. Et Nigello de 
Greselea iiij.li. et xvj.s. in Drakelawe. Et Victori lviij.s. in Wei- 
lingoure. Et Willelmo Marescallo xxxij.li. in CartmeL Et Yer- 
uerht de Hilton xxiiij.s. in terra de Penelton. Et Rogero de 
Huntingefeld xv.li. in terra quani tenet in Mendham quae pertinet 
ad praedictum Honorem. Et Roberto Ruffo xiij.li. in Navenesbi. 
Et Comiti de Derebi x.li. quas vicecomes de Lancastra consuevit 
recipere per annum ab hominibus de Kotingham quae solebant 
pertinere ad tercium denarium Comitatus Lancastne. Et Hugoni 
Janitori xx.in. in Croxton pro Escambio hareditatis sua3 de Corf- 
ham et Cuhninton. Et in eadem Croxton in ea parte qiue fuit 
Sarracenas x.m., De quibus vicecomes respondet infra, 

Et in Emendatione Domorum Regis in castello de Lancastra 
iij.m. per breve Regis. Et in Emendatione Turris vij.s. per idem 
breve. Et in Defalta exitus forest* de Lancastra x.li. Et deb. x.s. 

Idem vicecomes r.c. de xij.s. et x.d. de remanenti firma Comi- 
tatus de Anno prseterito. Et de cm. de Cremento Comitatus facto 
per ipsum Vicecomitem. In th'ro lib. in ij talliis. E. Q. E. 

Idem r.c. de xxxviij.li. et xv.s. et vj.d. de Remanenti firma 
Comitatus de anno iij°. In th'ro Nichil. Et in Defalta Instaura- 
menti de eodem anno xj.li. et iiij.s, Et debet xxvij.li. et xj.s. et 
vj.d. Sed respondet infra. 

Idem r.c. de xxx.s. de Cremento de Crossebi. Et de xx.s. de 
Cremento de Waleton. Et de dim. m. de Cremento de Wavertrie. 
Et de xiij.s. et viij.d. de Cremento de Middelton. Et de v.s. de 
Cremento de Pulton. Et de x.s. de Cremento de Blakerode. Et 

de xx.s. de cremento de Bothelton. Et de dim. m. de Cremento de 
Molendino de Bothelton. Et de xxv.s. de Cremento de Nieweton. 
Et de xxx.s. de Cremento Molendinorum ejusdem villa?. Et de 
xvj.s. de Cremento de Everton. Et de xl.s. de Cremento de West- 
derebi. Et de 1.8. de Cremento de Hales. Et de viij xij.s. de 
Cremento de Burton. Et de viij.s. de Cremento de Ordeshal. Et 
de ij.s. et vj.d. de cremento de Flixton. Et de x.s. de Cremento de 

Brotheton. Et de viij.s. de Cremento de Sauford. Et de xiij.s. et 

M 2 



1G4 THE LANCASHIRE PIPB 110LU*. 

ix.d. de Cremento do Skerton. Et do Iij.s. et vj.d. de Cremento de 
Overton. Et de dim. m. de Cremento de Fornebi. In th'ro lib. in 
xx talliis. E. Q. E. 

Idem vieecomes r.c. de iij.s. de firma cujusdam domus in 
Lancastra de anno iij°. et de anno pncterito et de lioc anno. In 
th'ro ij.s. Et deb. xij.d. 

Idem vieecomes [debet] xxxviij.li. et v.s. et x.d. de primo 
Scutagio assiso ad duas marcas. 

Nicolaus Pincerna deb. xxxiiij.s. et vj.d. de Kemanenti firma 
sicut continetur in liotulo seeundo. Sed requirendus est in Essex. 

Hugo Lardulf [debet] x.s. de Cremento de Blakerode. 

De Ohlatis. 

Milites et theigni de Lancastra r.c. de x.li. et v.s. et vij.tL et 
x chascurs pro confirmatione carta* sua? de libertatibus foresto. In 
th'ro x.li. et v.s. et ix.d. Et xx.li. pro x chaseuris in j tallia. 

E. Q. a 

Teobaldus Walteri r.c. de xlv.li. et xij.s. et x.d. de piiedicto 
fine Militnm et thoinorinn. In th'ro Nichil. Et in Warnisturia 
castelli de Lancastra et Militibus retinendis dum Ilex esset Cornea 
More ton xix.li. et xvij.s. et ij.d. ]>er breve IJegis. Et deb xxv.li. et 
xv.s. et viij.d. Idem r.c. de codem del)ito. In th'ro ij.s. et ij.d. 
Et in Operatioue Castelli Lancnstrte xxv.li. et xiij.s. et vj.d. per 
breve ltegis et per visum Willelmi filii lioberti et Hugonis de 
Hoxedive et Galfiidi filii Hamonis. 

Yierueiht de Hilton deb. x.s. pro I'cndelton, sicut continetur in 
liotulo seeundo. E. Q. K 

liicardus Kitun r.c. de vij.s. et viij.d. pro habenda saisina sicut 
continetur ibidem. In thro iij.s. et iiij.d. Et deb. iiij.s. et iiij.d. 

Arolurus de Eston r.c. de iiij.li. et ij.s. et iiij.d. pro confirmatione 
Cartas mi e sicut continetur ibidem. In th'ro j.m. Et deb. v.m. et 
ij.s. et iiij.d. 

Elya« filius lioberti r.c. de ij chascurs pro confirmatione Carta 
sure. In th'ro vj.in. pro chascurs. E. Q. E. 

Hemicus filius Warini r.c. de j.m pro eodem. In th'ro dim. m. 
Et deb. dim. in. 

Kobertus de Hacumedio r.c. de viij.s. et vj.d. In th'ro viij.s. 
Et deb. vj.d. 

Willelmus de Iiadeclive r.c. de x.m. pro habenda inquisitione 
sicut continetur in liotulo seeundo. In th'ro viij.m. et dim. Et 
deb. xx.s. 



ROLL OF 5 JOHN (1202-1203). 165 

Hugo de More villa r.c. de ij palefridis pro curia sua habenda. 
In th'ro NichiL Et ipsi Kegi ij palefridi per breve Kegis. 

K Q. E. 

Kobertus de Stokeport r.c. de xxij.m. et dim. pro habenda ten a 
sicut continetur in Kotulo pnecedenti. In th'ro x.li. et xj.s. et 
iiij.d. Et deb. lxviij.s. et viij.d. 

Adam filius Orm [debet] j chascur pro habendo breve sicut 
continetur in Kotulo iij°. 

Tonias Gernet r.c. de xj.s. pro habenda saisina sicut continetur 
ibidem. In th'ro lib. R Q. R 

Idem vicecomes r.c. de xxvij.li. et xj.s. et vj.d. de remouenti 
fimia de anno iij°. In th'ro x.li. Et deb. xvij.li. et xj.s. et vjxL 

De Seemido Scutngio. 

Kobertus le Vavasur [debet] iij.m. de eodem. Teobaldus 
Walteri [deb.] dim. m. de eodem. Adam de Karduil deb. respon- 
dere de xx.li. quas recepit ab Giliberto filio Keiniridi in compoto 
Hugonis de Nevilla. 

Idem vicecomes r.c de viij.li. et xviij.s. de firma terrarmu 
Hugonis Buissel. Et de xj.s. et iiij.d. de perquisitiouibus. In 
th'ro lib. in ij talliis. E. Q. E. 

Kogerus de Frequinton r.c. de xxvj.s. et iiij.d. In th'ro xxiij.s. 
et iiij.d. viij. Et deb. ij.s. et viij.d. 

Dc tuillagio Ricardi Malcbissc. 

Idem vicecomes r.c. de xx.d. de Alexandro de Pulkinton. Et de 
xvj.s.d. de Galfrido de Hulm. Et de iij.s. de Kogero de Frequinton, 
Et de iiij.s. de Middelton. Et de v.s. de EJya de Penelbiri. Et 
de dim. m. de Kogero de Middelton. Et de dim. in. de "VVillelmo 
de Kadeclive. Et de dim. m. de Koberto Lowis. Et de dim. in. 
de Kicardo pneposito. In th'ro lib. in ix talliis. E. Q. R 

Willelmus de Kadeelive deb. j chascur vel iij.m. pro habenda 
tali saisina qualis ei adjudicata fuit in curia Kegis apud Gaidinton 
et qualem recuperavit apud Eboracum coram Justiciaiiis itineran- 
tibus de ij carrucatis ternu cum pertinentiis in Hertesheved nisi 
aliquid postea fecerit propter quod earn habeie non debeut 

De obi at is. 

Galfridus le Arbelasticr r.c. de v.m. pro cunfirmatione sicut 
continetur in Itotulo piiecedentL In th'ro Lxiij.s. et vj.d. Et deb. 
iij.s. et ij.cL 



16G THE LANCASIIIUE I'IPK ROLLS. 

Kogorus de Burton r.c, de xx.li. pro habenda custodia terne 
sieut contiuetur ibidem. In th'ro X.1L et xiij.s. et iiij.d. Et deb. 
x hi j.m. 

Abbas de Furnois [debet] xl.s. de dono. 

De Tertio Scut agio. 
Ilogerus de Frequintou r.c. de ij.iu. ne transfretet. In th'ro j.m 

Kt del». j.m. 

Ualfridus Carbunel r.c. de iij.iiL pro eodem. In th'ro lib. 

E. Q. K. 

liobertus de Tateshal deb. vij.li. et vj.s. et viij.d. de taillagio 
Servientum de Lancastra. Sed rcspondot in Lincolnscire in 
Ivotulo sequenti. 

De taillayio Tkeinorum Lancastra? per Oalfridum filium Petri 

in- transfreteiit. 

Idem vicecomes r.c. de lviij.m, de taillagio pnedietorum quorum 
nomina et dubita anuotantur in Kotulo quern pned ictus Galfridiw 
liberavit in thesauro. In th'ro lib. in xlvi talliis E. Q. E. 

Willelmus de Funnel lis r.c. de xx.m. de eodem. In th'ro xv.ni. 
Et deb. v.m. 

Qucnild de Kierkelade r.c. de dim. m. de 'eodem. In th'ro 
xl.d. Et deb. xl.d. 

Itannulfus til ins Kogeri r.c, de ij.m. de eodem. In th'ro xvj.s. 
Et deb. x.s, viij.d. 

Uilclwtus de Norton r.c. de ij.m. de eodem. In th'ro xxj.s. 
Et deb. v.s. et viij.d. 

Uilebcrtus de Croft deb. j,m. liobertus filius Iioljerti deb. 
dim. m. Willelmus iilius Willelmi deb. ij.m. Willelmus de 
Nov ill deb. xx.s. Hugo I missel deb, vj.m. 

Hugo le Korrcis [deb.] ij.m. pro eodem. 

De Junius ct Seutayio Mil Hum de Quarto Seutayio. 

Idem vicereines r.c. de dim. m. de Adam de Middolton de xiiij* 
parte feodi j militis. Et de e.s. de Galfrido Monacho de feodo 
j militis. Et de iij.m. de llicardo de Mulinell de feodo dimidii 
militis. Et de iij.iii. de Toma de Goldbur[ne] et Adam de Lauton 
de feodo j militis. Et de v.m. de Henrico Falconario de feodo 
j militis. In th'ro lib. in v talliis. E. Q. E. 

Prior de Grimesbi r.c. de ij.m. de feodo dimidii militis. In 
th'ro xxiiij,s. et iiij.d. Et deb. ij.s. et iiij.d. 

Willelmus tilius Simoiiis r.c. de vj.m. do feodo j militis. Iu 
tb'ro xliiij.s. Kt deb. xxxvj.s. 



KOLL OF 5 JOHN (1202-1203). 167 

Radulfus de Saiicto Georgio r.c. de iiij.m. de feodo j militis et 
vi* parte. In th'ro xxxij.s. Et deb. xxj.s. et iiij.d. 

Rannulfus de Mereseia r.c. de xv.m. pro feodis iij inilitum. In 
th'ro c.s. Et deb. c.s. sed habet iude quietaucia per breve G[al- 
fridi] filii Petri. 

Michaelis de Mahiviers r.c. de x.m. de feodis ij militum. In 
th'ro vij.in. Et deb. iij.m. 

Willelmus Pincerna r.c. de xxv.m. de feodis vij inilitum. In 
th'ro xv.m. Et deb. x.m. 

Robertus de Harestan r.c. de iiij.m. de feodo j militis. In th'ro 
xxxvj.s. et vj.d. Et deb. xvj.s. et x.d. 

Robertus le Vavasur r.c. de x.m. de feodo dimidii Militis et vj* 
parte. In th'ro v.m. et dim. Et deb. iiij.m. et dim. 

Galfridus Carbunel [debet] j.m. de Scutagio. 

Hugo Tortarius et Mater Sarracenac xvij.s. de ij partibus 
j feodi. 

Galfridus de Costentin [deb.] ij.m. de eodern. 

Isti lidbent Qaietancucm per brevia. 
Rogerus de Lasci, Rannulfus de Viri, Teobaldus Walteri, 
Robertus Gredlea, Rogerus de Muntbegun, Cojistabularius Cestriae, 
Gilebertus rilius Reinfridl 

Nova oblata. 

Albertus de Nevill r.c. de ij.m. pro habenda inquisitione utrurq. 
idem Albertus cum forcia et armis invasit vicecomitem Lancastra* 
et ilium de Comitatu suo fugavit In th'ro lib, KQ. K 

Teobaldus Walteri deb. ij palefridos pro habenda licentia eundi 
in Yerberniam. Idem Teobaldus et Rogerus de Leircestre debent 
v.m. pro habenda licentia concordandi cum his qui eos appella- 
verunt de pace Regis infracta. Jiobertus Alius Bernardi deb, 
terciam partem iiij marcarum quas Willelmus Fitun et Adam de 
Hoton et Adam Banastre et Ricardus de Burun ei debent. Robi- 

cardus de Mida deb. x.m. et j palefridum de v.m. pro habenda tota 
villa de Hales cum omni integritate sua et cum omnibus perti- 
nentiis suis ad feodi firmam, tenenda Sibi et haeredibus suis de 
Rege et haeredibus suis per iiij.li. et x.s. de antiqua flrma annu- 
atim, et praeterea per incrementum 1 solidorum quos Ricardus de 
Vernun acrevit. Ita quod per totnni reddat domino Regi per 
annum pro prawlicta villa vij.li. pro omni servitio et consuetudine, 
salvis Regi venatione sua et placitis coronas suae, et quod non 
pouantur in placitum de praedicjba terra nee de aliis tenia quas 



108 TUB LANCANUIItE PIPE KOLL*. 

tenent cle Regc in capite ad feodi tinnani nisi coram Rege vel 
capital i Justiciirio suo, et pro habenda Carta Regis. 
Prior L'uicastne [deb.] v.m. de dono. 

Ainnwrriammta facta anno prwtvrito per Johamwm Nurwiccnsem, 

Epiwopum et socios auos 

Idem vieocoines r.c, dc cc et xl.li. et iij.s. et viij.d. de Miseri- 
cordiis hominum et villarum quorum nomina et debita ot causae 
debitoium anuotantur in ltotulo quern pnedicti liberaverunb in 
thesauro. In th'ro lib. in c et xxvj talliis. E. Q. E. 

Willeltnus Juvenis r.c. de xx.s. ut possit replegiari. In th'ro 
x.s. et deb x.s. Henrieus de Claiton r.c. dc dim. m. pro dissaisina. 
In th'ro xl.d. Et del), xl.d. 

Alexander de Gveston r.c. de iij.m. quia retraxit so. In th'ro 
xxx.s. Et deb. x.s. 

Conmiuna Wapentachii de Sauford r.c. de iiij.m. pro concel- 
[amento]. In tli'ro xlvj.s. et iiij.d. Et deb. vij.s. 

Rogerus de Leireestre r.c. de lv.s. et viij.d. de Catallis Willelmi 
de Kelkt. In th'ro xlv.s. et x.d. Et deb. ix.s. et ij.d. Robertus 
filius llngonis et Willelmus r.c. de dim. in. quia non habent quern 
plogiaverunt. In th'ro v.s. et iij.d. Et deb. xvij.d. 

Willelmus de Ilest r.c. de xxx.m. pro licentia concordandi. 
In tli'ro xx.m. Et deb. x.m. 

Ailsi filius Ilugonis r f c. de dim. m. quia retraxit se. In th'ro 
v.s. et iiij.d. Et deb. xvj.d. 

Yeruerht de Hilton r.c, de xv.m. pro concclamento. In th'ro 
vj.li. et j.d. Et deb. v.m. et xiij.s. et iiij,d. (sir). Elyas de Rillin- 
don r.c. de dim. m. de Misericordia. In th'ro v.s. et iiij.d. Et 
deb. xvj.d. 

Villata de Salford r.c. de dim. m. de taillagio. In th'ro v.s. 
et ij.d. Et deb. x viij.d. Robcrtus filius Uctredi r.c. de j.m. pro 
habenda assisa. In th'ro dim. m. Et deb. dim. m. 

Robertus clericus de Preston r.c. d*3 ij.m, ut non sit corona- 
rius. In th'ro xxv.s. et v.d. Et deb. xv.d. Adam filius Maria* r.c. 
de x.s. pro licentia concordandi. In th'ro dim. in. Et deb. 
xl.d. 

Adam filius Suani r.c. de dim. m. quia non habet quern 
plegiavit. hi th'ro v.s. Et deb. xx.d. 

Rogerus de Hradel r.c. dedjm. m. quia non habet quern plegiavit. 
In th'ro dim. m. Et deb. dim. ni. 

Johannes et Elyas r.c. de x.s. pro licentia concordandi. In 



KOLL OF 5 JOHN (1202-1203). 1C9 

th'ro vj.s. Et deb. iiij.s. Eobertus et Orm r.c. de j.m. pro eodent. 
In th'ro xij.s. et ij.d. Et deb. xiiij.d. 

Willelmus de Altanecotes r.c de dim. m. pro concelamento. 
In th'ro v.s. Et deb. xx.d. Henricus de Fiswich r.c. de dim. hl 
pro transgressione. In th'ro xl.d. Et deb. xl.d. 

Communa Comitatus Lancastrae r.c. de cm. pro eodem. In 
th'ro lxv.li. et iiij.s. et iij.d. Et deb. xxix.s. et j.d. Henricus del 
Lea r.c. de ij.m. pro licentia concordandi. In th'ro dim. m. Et 
deb. xx.s. 

Hugo Alius Liulfi r.c. de dim. m. pro falso clamore. In th'ro 
xl.d. Et del), xl.d. Hugo de Oxeclive r.c. de dim. m. pro defalta. 
In thesauro iiij.s. et ij.d. Et deb. ij.s. et vj.d. 

Idem vicecomes r.c. de vij.m. de Eedditu assiso de Croxton. 
Et de viij.m. de blado ejusdem uilhe vendito. Et de xix.s. de 
Averiis venditis. In th'ro viij.li. et xij.s. et iiij.d. Et deb. iij.m. et 
dim. Idem r.c. de eodem debito. In th'ro lib. E. Q. E. 

Teobaldus Walteri deb. j.m. de catallis Orm de Ormeskierk. 
Hubertus Bastard deb. j.m. de hominibus ut liberarentur a prisona. 
Idem et Eobertus Vavasur deb. xliiij.s. de catallis Ilereuer in- 
prisonati. Idem Hubertus deb. ij.m. et dim. quas cepit pro 
redemptione ejusdem Heruer. Teobaldus Walteri deb. x.s. de 
Catallis Eoberti de Withill f ugitivi. Et viij.s. de Catallis Willelmi 
de Camera occisi. Simon filius Ambrosii deb. dim. ni, pro vino 
vendito contra assisam. Michaelis filius Bunde deb. dim. m. quia 
fuit in domo ubi quidam occisus fuit. Teobaldus Walteri deb. 
lvj s. de Catallis Jordani de Catton utlagati. Gillemihel de Sline 
deb. dim. m. de taillagio. Alexander nepos Eadulfi deb. dim. m. 
pro vino vendito contra assisam. Teobaldus Walteri deb. iiij.s. de 
Catallis Orm de Worlega f ugitivi. Eogerus de Leircestre baillivus 
Teobaldi Walteri deb. xiij.s. et vj.d. de Catallis Alexandri de 
Brochill utlagati. Teobaldus Walteri deb. x.s. de Catallis Eoberti 
de Preston. Eobertus filius Arnwi de Cestre deb. c.s. pro vino 
vendito contra assisam. Walterus de Tritton deb. dim. m. ut sit 
quietus de quodam appello. Henricus deb. dim. m. quia retraxit 
se. Eicardus Pereehaie deb. dim. m. quia non habet quern plegiavit. 
Willelmus filius Alfegi deb. dim. m. pro eodem. Henricus filius 
Eicardi deb. j.m. pro falso clamore. Eobertus filius Hugonis 
deb. dim. in. pro eodem. Orm de Wart deb. dim. m. pro eodem. 
Alanus filius Jordani deb. dim. m. pro eodem. Eaduli'us filius 
Eoberti deb. dim. in. quia retraxit se. Uctredus de Chiereehe deb. 
dim. m. quia non habet quern plegwvif. Alexander filius Eicardi 



170 THE LANCASHIRE PIPE ROLLS. 

de Ruehunte deb. dim. m. pro falso clamore. Robertus filius 
Turgisii deb. dim. m. quia retraxit se. Willelmus filius Hugonis 
de Wisham deb. dim. m. pro falso clamore. Robertus de Prestewic 
deb. dim. m. quia non habet quern plegiavit. Adam filius Ranikil 
deb. dim. m. quia retraxit se. Quenild de Warton deb. dim. in. 
pro eodem. Oto de Railega deb. dim. m. quia non est prosecutus. 
Elyas de Billingdon deb. dim. m. quia non habet quern plegiavit 
Gamel de Beauiez de et Henricus filius Willelmi deb. dim. in. pro 

defectu. Walterus filius Suani deb. j.m. pro liccntia retrahendi se. 
Henricus de Ribbleton deb. j.m. pro licentia concordandi. Patrieius 
filius Bernardi deb. dim. m. pro eodem. Petrus de Bruinhull deb, 
dim. m. pro defectu. Philippus Gernet deb. xx.s. pro licentia 
concordandi. 

Benedictus Gernet r.c. de j palefrido pro habenda in custodia 
Baronia qiue fuit Hugonis Buissel quamdiu fuerit in manu Regis. 
In th'ro Nichil. Et in pardonis ipsi Benedicto j palefridus per 
breve Regis. E. Q. E. 

Front the Dorset Pipe Roll of 5 John. 
Compotus Huyonis de Nevill tie Debits quce rcquiruntur ab eo in 
pluribus Comitatibvs JRofuli anni proceed ent 'is et liotuli hvjiis anni. 
[Inter alia] — Et de x.m. quas recepit a Benedicto Gernet 
sicut continetur in Rotulo anni pneteriti in Lancastra. Et de 
quater xx et ij.li. quas recepit de Militibus et theinis Lancastne 
sicut continetur ibidem, m. 12, et m. 12 dorso. 

NOTKS ON THE PIPE KOLL OF THE 5 JOHN (MICH. 1202-MICH. 1203). 

J hiring the year 3 marks had been spent in the improvement 
of the King's lodgings in Lancaster Castle, and 7s. in the improve- 
ment of the Keep. 

In claiming allowance for Croxton, among the entries " in terris 
datis," the Sheriff refers to the portion which "belonged" to 
Sarazina. It remained in the King's hands during the year and 
yielded 7 marks from set or standing rents of free tenants, 8 marks 
from the sale of the corn crops of the demesne, and IDs. for cattle 
sold. 

Theobald Walter stood responsible for the sum of £45 12s. 1(W., 
part of the fine of the Knights and Thanes, for the royal charter of 
liberties of the Forest. He now produces the King's writ granting 
him allowance of £11) lis. 2d., which he had laid out ten years 
before, when the King was Count of Mortain, in providing muni- 
tions of war and victuals for Lancaster Castle, and in the payment 



ROLL OF 5 JOHN (1202-1203). 171 

of Knights stationed there ; and of the further sum of £25 13s. 6rf. 
for work done in the strengthening of that Castle, under the super- 
vision of William son of Robert, and one Hugh. The balance of 
2& 2d. he paid into the Treasury. 

The inquiry respecting two carucates of land in Hartshead (page 
124) had terminated in favour of William de Kadcliffe, and his 
proffer of a chasour or 3 marks had been accepted, that he should 
have such seisin as had been adjudged to him in the Curia Regis 
at Geddington, when the Court was there from 29th August to 1st 
September, 1204 ; which seisin he had recently recovered before the 
Justices in Eyre at York. 

De taillagio Theworum. — The Sheriff had collected the 
tallage of 46 persons, who had paid in full, amounting to £39 13s. 4rf. 
William le Fleming of Furness, Quenild de Kirkdale, Ranulph son 
of Roger (also called " de Ganielston," and " de Marsey ''), and 
Gilbert de Nocton paid instalments. Gilbert de Croft, Robert son 
of Robert, W r illiam son of William— a tenant in thanage, in 
Rivington, — William de Nevill, — who had recently married Aniabil 
dau. and co-heiress of Adam fitz Swain, and widow of Alexander 
de Crevequour, — Geoffrey Russel and Hugh le Norreis of Blackrod 
still owed their quota. 

De finibus et Scutaqio Mil,itum, — The fourth Scutage of 
King John was put in charge tin's year. It was nominally at the 
rate of 2 marks upon each Knights fee, but the payments actually 
made were at a much higher rate, and were of the nature of fines 
ne transfrctctU. Warin Banastre was not yet of full age, conse- 
quently Thoinas de Golborne and Adam de Lowton still answer 
for the fee of Makerfield. The greater Barons — with the excep- 
tion of William le Boteler — attended upon the King, and had 
acquittance of scutage. 

Nova Oblata.. — Albert de Nevill seems to have been Robert 
Grelley's seneschal of Manchester. 1 His proffer of 2 marks for 
inquiry into a charge of obstructing the Sheriff, probably referred 
to some dispute which had arisen between the officers of the 
Wapentake of Salford, and those of Grelley's lordship of Man- 
chester. The two jurisdictions were terribly intermixed. 

Theobald Walter had proffered two palfreys for permission to 
go into Ireland. He had been constituted " Chief Butler " of that 

1 He appears in the Curia Regis about this time, as Robert Grelley's attorney in 
a plea against Richard de Pierpont respecting 40 acres of wood in Xjoslocjt (pud 
Rumworth?) (Curia Reyis Roll, No. 33. ) 



174 THE LANCASHIRE PIPE ROLLS. 

Robert, clerk of Preston proffered 2 marks that he might not 
be Coroner, an office instituted in 1194, to keep record of pleas 
of the Crown, and generally to watch over all matters concerning 
the administration of criminal justice, and the profits accruing 
therefrom. 

Orm de Ormskirk appears to have been hanged or outlawed 
during this Eyre of the Justices. His cattle had been sold for the 
King's benefit Hubert Bastard owed 1 mark which was due 
from certain men whose release from gaol he had purchased. He 
and Robert Vavassor also owed 48s. for the cattle of one Hereuer, 
or Heruer, who had been incarcerated, but had proffered 2\ marks 
for releasa Michael son of Buude owed £ mark for release from 
a charge of complicity in causing the death of some man, at 
whose death he had been present Walter de Tritton (? Thorn- 
ton) owed J mark to be acquitted from an appeal, probably of 
murder. Walter de Carleton, son of Swain, owed 1 mark for 
licence to withdraw some plea. 



MAG. EOT. PIR, 6 JOiriS (1203-1204). 

Roll No. 50. m. 1. 
Lancastra* 

Jticardus de Vernun roddit Compotum de cell de firma 
Honoris de Lancastra. In th'ro lvj.li. et xij.d. 

Et in terris Datis Willelmo de Valeines x.li. in Cofho. Et 
Willelmo filio Walkelini ix,li. in Stavenesbi. Et hairedi Nigelli 1 
de Greselega iiij.li. et xvj.s. in Drakelawe. Efc Victori lviij.9. 
in Wellingoure. Et Willelmo Marescallo xxxij.lL in Cartmel. Et 
Yeruerht de Hilton xxiiij.a. in terra de Ponelton. Et Rogero de 
Huntingefeld xv.li. in terra quam tenet in Mendliam, qua? pertinet 
ad praidictum Honorem. Et Robei'to RufFo xiij.li. in Navenesbi. 
Et Comiti de Derebi x.li. quas vicecomes de Lancastra consuevit 
recipere per annum ab hominibus de Notingham quae solebant 
pertinere ad tercium denarium Comitatus Lancastne. Et Hugoni 
Janitori xx.m. in Oroxton pro escambio 1 ircred itatis siue de Corf- 
ham et de Culminton. Et Willemo de Sancto Albino et Cristiame 
uxori suae x.m. in Croxton per breve Regis. Et in Defalta Exitus 
forestae de Lancastra x.li. Et Warino Banastre lvij.s. et x.d. de 
quarta parte anni per breve Regis in Makeresfeld. Et Oeno filio 

1 keredi written over Nigelli, 



ROLL OF C JOHN (1203-1204) I7f> 

David xxxix.s. et x.d. et ob. in Sauford de quarla parte anni pne- 
teriti per breve Regis. Et eideui vij.li. et xix.s. el vj.d. in eadem 
villa de hoc anno. 

Et in Emendatione Castelloruin de West Derebi et Lancastra 
xx.s. per breve Regis. Et in reparatione unius Granarii in castello 
Lancastro xxij.s. et vj.d. per idem breve. Et deb. xxj.s. (it iij.d. 
et ob. Et praeterea xx.m. 

Idem vicecomes [debet] x.s. de Remanenti finna Lancastro de 
anno praterito. 

Idem vicecomes r.c. de cm. de Cremento Comi tutus faeto per 
ipsum vicecomitem. In th'ro lib. E. Q. E. 

Idem vicecomes r.c. de xxx.s. de Cremento de Crossebi. Et 
de xx.s. de Cremento de Waleton. Et de dim. in. de Cremento 
de Wavertrie. Et de xiij.s. et viij.d. de Cremento de Middelton. 
Et de v.8. de Cremento de Pulton. Et de xx.s. de Cremento de 
Bothelton, Et de dim. m. de Cremento Molendini de Rothelton. 
Et de xxv.8. de Cremento de Nieweton. Et de xxx.s. de Crem ento 
Moleiidinorum ejusdem vilhe. Et de xvj.s. de Cremento de Ever- 

ton. Et de xl.s. de Cremento de Westderebi. Et de l.s. do Cre- 
mento de Hales. Et de xiij.s. et ix.d. de Cremento de Skerton. 
Et de lij.s. et vj.d. de Cremento de Overton. Et de dim. m. de 
Cremento de Fornebi. Et de x.s. de cremento de Rlakeroile. Tn 
th'ro lib. in xiiij tallis. E. Q. E. 

Idem vicecomes r.c. de ij.s. de finna cujusdam domus in Lan- 
castra de anno pneterito et de hoc anno. In th'ro xij.d. Et deb. 
xij.d. 

Idem vicecomes [debet] xxxviij.li. et v.s. et x.d. de primo 
Scutagio assiso ad duas mareas. 

Hugo Bardulf r.c de deb. x.s. de Cremento de Rlakerode qui 

requirendus est in Lincolnia. 

Yeruerth de Hilton deb. x.s. pro Pendclton sicut continetur in 
Rotulo secundo. Ricardus Fitun deb. iiij.s. et iiij.d. pro habendu 
saisina sicut continetur ibidem. Arcturus de Eston deb. v.m. et 
ij.s. et iiij.d. pro confirmatione carta; sicut continetur ibidcni. 

Henricus filius Warini r.c. de dim. m. pro confirmatione caita? 
suae. In th ro lib. E. Q. E. 

Robertus de Hacumesho r.c. de vj.d. In th'ro lib. E. Q. E. 

Willelmus de Radeclive r.c. de xx.s. pro hal>enda inquisitione 
Bicut continetur in Rotulo secundo. In th'ro j.m. Et deb. dim. m. 

Bobertus de Stokeport r.c. de lxviij.s. et viij.d. pro habenda 
terra sicut continetur in Rotulo iiij°. In th'ro lib. E. Q. E. 



176 THE LANCASHIRE TIPE ROLLS. 

Adam filius Orm [deb.] j chascur pro liabendo brevi sicut con- 
tinetur in Rotulo iij°. 

Idem vicecomes r.c. dc xvij.li. et xj.s. et vj.d. de remanenti 
firma de anno iij°. In th'ro vij.li. Et deb. x.li. et xj.s. et vj.d. 

Dc secundo Scat-agio. 

Robertas le Vavasur debet iij.m. de eodem. Sed requirendus 
est in Everwicsira. 

Teobaldus Walteri deb. dim. m. de eodem. 

Adam de Karduil debet respondere de xx.li. quas recepit ab 
Gileberto tilio Keinfridi in compoto Hugonis de Nevilla qui re- 
quirendus est in Cumberland. 

Rogerus de Frequenton r.c. de ij.s. et viij.d. de taillagio. In 
th'ro lib. E. Q. E. 

Galfridus Balistarius r.c. de iij.s. et ij.d. pro confirmatione sicut 
continetur in Rotulo iiij°. In th'ro lib. E. Q. E. 

"VVillelmus de Radeclive r.c. de j cbascur de iij.m. pro habenda 
saisina sicut continetur in Rotulo pra?cedenti iiij°. In th'ro xx.s. 
Et deb. xx.s. 

Rogerus de Burton r.c. de xiiij.m. pro habenda custodia terne 
sicut continetur ibidem. In th'ro lib. E. Q. E. 

Abbas de Furncis r.c. de xl.s. de dono. In th'ro lib. 

E. Q. R 

Dc Tertio Scutagio. 
Rogerus de Frequinton r.c. de j.m. ne transfretet. In th'ro lib. 

EQ.R 

De taillagio theinorum Lancaxtrae per Galfridum JUium Petri ne 

transfretcnt. 

Idem vicecome-3 r.c. de v.m. de Willelmo de Furnellis de 
eodem. Et de xl.d. de Quenild de Kierkelade de eodem. In th'ro 
lib. in ij tallis. E. Q. E. 

Ranullus filius Rogeri r.c. de x.s. et viij.d. de eodem. In th'ro 
viij.s. et vj.d. Et deb. ij.s. et ij.d. 

Gilebertus de Norton r.c. de v.s. et viij.d. de eodem. In th'ro 
v.s. Et deb. viij.d. 

"VVillelmus filius Willelmi r.c. de ij.m. de eodem. In th'ro 
dim. m. Et deb. xx.s. 

Gilebertus dc Croft deb. j.m. dc eodem. Robertas filius Roberti 
deb. dim. in. de eodem. 

Willelmus de Nevill deb. xx.s. de eodem. Hugo Buissel deb. 
vj.m. de eodem. Hugo le Norreis deb. ij.m. de eodem. 



roll of 6 JOHN (1203-1204). 177 

De Quarto Scutagio Bajis Joliannis. 

Idem vicceomes r.c. de iij.in. de Michaeli de Malnuiers. Et de 
x.m. de Willelmo Pincerna. Et de xvj.s. et x.d. de Roberto de 
Harestan de eodeni. In th'ro lib. in iij tailis. E. Q. E. 

Prior de Grimesbi deb. ij.s. et iiij.d. de eodem. Willelmus 
filius Simonis del), xxxvj.s. de eodem. Radulfus do Sancto Georgio 
deb. xxj.s. et iiij.d. de eodem. Ranulfus de Mereseia Robertus le 

Vavasur deb. iiij.m. et dim. de eodem. Galfridus Carbunel deb. j m. 
de eodem. Galfridus de Costentin deb. ij.m. de eodem. Hugo 
Portarius et Mater Sarraceime deb. xvij.s. de eodem. 

Be Oblatis. 

Teobaldus Walteri deb. ij palefridos pro habenda lieentia 
eundi in Hybernia. Sod respondet infra. Idem Teobaldus et 
Rogerus de Leircestra deb. v.m. pro babenda lieentia sicut con- 
tinetur in Rotulo pnecedenti. Sed respondent infra. Robertus 
filius Bernardi deb. xvj.s. et viij.d. de fine sicut contiuetur ibidem. 

Ricardus de Mida r.c. de x.m. et j palefrido de v.m. pro 
habenda villa de Hales sicut continetur ibidem. In th'ro ij ; m. 
Et deb. viij.m. et j palefridum. 

Prior de Lancastra r.c. de v.m. de dono. In th'ro lib. 

E. Q. E. 

Teobaldus Walteri r.c. de ij palefridis pro habenda lieentia 
sicut supra continetur. Et de v.m. pro habenda lieentia sicut 
continetur ibidem. In th'ro x.m. pro ij palefridis et v.m. in ij 
talliis. E. Q. E. 

Ammcrciamcnta per Johanmm Norwiccnsem ct socios suos. 

Idem vicecomes r.c. de x.m. de Willelmo de Hest pro lieentia 
concordandi. Et de v.m. et xiij.s. et iij.d. de Yeruerht de Hilton 
pro concelamento. Et de xviij.d. de Villata de Salford de taillagio. 
Et de xv.d. de Roberto clerico de Preston. Et de xx.d. de Adam 
filio Swain quia non habet quern plegiavit. Et de xxix.s. et j.d. 
de communa Comitatus Lancastroe pro concelamento. Et de 
xvj.d. de Elya de Rillindon. Et de xvj.d. de AiLsi filio Hugonis. 
Et de xl.d. de Adam filio Maria? pro lieentia concordandi. Et de 
xx.s. de Henrico del Lea pro eodem. Et de xl.d. de Henrico cle 
Claiton. Et de xl.d. de Henrico de Fiswich pro transgressione. 
In th'ro lib. in xij talliis. E. Q. E. 

Communa Wapentachii de Sauford r.cde vij.s.pro concelamento. 
In th'ro iiij.8. et ij.d. Et deb. ij.s. et x.d 

N 



178 THE LANCASHIRE PIPE ROLLS. 

Willelmus Juvenis deb. x.s. Alexander de Greston deb. x.s 
Rogerus de Leircestra deb. ix.s. et ij.d. Johannes et Elyas deb. 
iiij.s. Willelmus de Altenecotes deb. xx.d. Hugo filius Liulfi 
deb. xl.d. Robertus filius Hugonis et Willelmus deb. xvij.d. 
Robertus filius Uctredi deb. dim. m. Rogerus de Bradel' deb. dim. 
m. Robertus et Onn deb. xiiij.d. Hugo de Oxecliue deb. ij.s. et 
vj.d. pro caisina quae annotatur in Rotulo pnecedenti. 

Idem vicecomes r.c de dim. in. de Roberto de Prestewic. Et 
de dim. m. de Adam filio Rainkil. Et de dim. in. de Quenild de 
Warton. Et de dim. m. de Elya de Billindon. Et de dim. m. de 
Gamel de Belueiz et Henrico Hlio Willelmi. Et de j.m. de Waltero 
filio Suain. Et de dim. m. de Retro de Brunihull. In th'ro lib. 
in viij talliis. E. Q. E. 

Uctredus de Chierclie r.c. de dim. m. quia non habet quern 
plegiavit. In th'ro xl.d. Et deb. xl.d. 

Robertus filius Turgisii r.c. de dim. m. quia retraxit sc. In 
th'ro iiij.s. et viij.d. Et deb. ij.s. 

Teobaldus Walteri debet r.c. [de] x.li. et ix.s. et vj.d. de pluribus 

debitis catallorum sicnt continetur in Rotulo prtecedenti. In th'ro 
iiij.li. Et deb. vj.li. et ix.s. et vj.d. 

De finibus Militnm th Quinto Scutagio assiso ad ij marcas et 

dimidiam. 

Idem vicecomes r.c. de xx.s. et j.m. de Galfrido Carbunell. 
Et de l.s. de Galfrido Monacho. Et de x.m. de Michaeli de 
Malnuiers. Et de xviij.m. (t. iij.m. interlined) de Ranulfo de 
Merseie. Et de v.m. iij de Toma de Godeburn (t. j.m. interlined) 
et Adam de Lauton. Et de iij.m. (t. j.m. interlined) de Ricardo 
de Mulinels. Et de j.m. de Roberto filio Gillemich[el]. Et de 
j.m. de Galfrido de Gersingham. Et de dim. m. de Ketel de 
Gersingham. Et de v.m. de Henrico de Kellet. Et de ij.m. 
de Adam filio Osberti. Et de vj.m. de Adam de Kellet. Et 
de iij.m. de Toma Gemot. Et de iij.m. xx.s. de Johanne de 
Turoldesholm. Et de iiij.m. de Willelmo filio Lie. Et de iij.m. 
de Willelmo de Hest. Et de xx.s. de Hugone do Oxeclive. 
Et de dim. m. de Roberto de Bolerun. Et de ij.in.de Gilcberto 
de Croft. Et de v.m. de Roberto filio Osberti. Et de dim. m. 
de Adam de Gerstan. Et de xx.s. de Ricardo de Smededon. 
Et de dim. m. de Ricardo filio Martini. Et de xx.s. de 
Ricardo de Bolde. Et de iiij.m. de Ricardo filio Robcrti. Et de 



ROLL OF 6 JOHN (1203-1204). 179 

dim. m. de Radulfo filio Adam. Et de xx.s. dc Henrico de 
Holand. Et de v.m. de Henrico filio Guarini. Et de j.m. de 
Henrico de Waleton. Et de ij.m. de Henrico de Kerdel. Et de 
ij.m. de Alfredo de Huines. Et de ij.m. de Petro de Burhull. Et 
de dim. m. de Adam de Bulling. Et de xx.s. de Rogero de 
Middelton. Et de j.m. de Roberto de Prestewic. Et de xx.s. de 
Willelmo de Radeclive. Et de j.m. de Alexandro de Pilkenton. 
Et de xx.s. de Hugone le Norreis. Et de ij.m. de Gileberto de 
Norton. Et de j.m. de Elya filio Roberti et nepotibus suis. Et de 
iij.m. de Roberto filio Radulfi. Et de dim. m. de Gerardo de 
Claiton. Et de xx.s. de Adam de Hocton. Et de dim. m. de 
Ricardo Fitun. Et de j.m. de Elya de Hocton. Et de j.m. de 
Adam de Waleton Matheo filio Ricardi. Et de xx.s. de Ranulfo 

filio Rogeri. Et de dim. m. de Roberto filio Ricardi. Et de dim. 
m. de Gamel de Torp. Et de dim. in. de Matlieo Gernet. Et de 
dim. in. de Willelmo de Scrinton. 1 Et de dim. m. de Roberto de 
Overton. Et de dim. m. de Wciltero Underwater. Et de dim. m. 
de Johanne filio Ranulfi. Et de dim. m. de Adam et Philippo et 
Henrico. Et de dim. m. de Willelmo pneposito. Et de dim. m. 
de Siwardo et Willelmo de Middelton. Et de dim. m. de Quenild 
de Kirkada. Et de dim. m. de Margareta Banastre. Et de dim. m. 
de eadem Margareta. Et de xx.s. de Alano filio Alani. In tli'ro 
lib. in lxiiij talliis. E. Q. E. 

Adam de Otteleia r.c. de xij.m. de feodis ij Militum In tli'ro 
j.m. Et deb. xj.m. 

Gilebertus de Hastinge r.c. de v.m. de fcodo j Militis. In th'ro 
j.m. Et deb. iiij.m. 

Hitrcs Roberti de Furnellis r.c. de x.m. de feodo j militis et iiij a 
parte. In th'ro iiij.li. et xiiij.s. et viij.il- iiij. Et deb. xxxix.s. 

Ricardus de Horhull r.c. de xx.s. In th'ro j.m. Et deb. 

dim. m. 

Robertus de Harestan r.c. de vj.m. pro feodo j Militis. In 

tli'ro iiij.m. Et deb. ij.m. 

Yeruerth de Hilton r.c. de c.s. In tli'ro iiij.li. Et deb. xx.s. 
Idem r.c. de eodem debito. In tli'ro dim. m. Et deb. j.m. 

Radulfus de Sancto Georgio r.c. de v.m. In tli'ro iiij.m. Et 
deb. j.m. 

Walterus de Paries r.c. de iij.m. In th'ro xx.s. Et deb. xx.s. 

Adam de Waleton r.c. de j.m. In th'ro xj.s. Et deb. ij.s. et 
mj.d. 

1 Sic forSkerton. 

N 2 



180 THE LANCASHIRE PIPE ROLLS. 

Adam Alius Gileberti r.c. dc dim. in. In th'ro lib. K Q. E. 

Willclmus de Furnellis r.c. do xxx.m. In th'ro Nichil. Et in 
pardonis Henrico filio Hervei xx.m. per breve Regis. Et deb. 
x.m. 

Robertus Alius Roberti deb. dim. m. Galfridus de Pentfortham 
deb. dim. m. Robertus frater ejusdem deb. dim. m. Alanus de 
Rixton deb. dim. m. Johannes filius Roberti de Middelton deb. 
dim. m. Henricus filius Galfridi deb. dim. in. 

Nova Oblata. 

Robertus filius Rogeri deb. terciam partem xj.m. et iij.s. quos 
petit versus Robertum de Preston. 

Alicia qme fuit uxor Willelmi de Furnellis r.c. de Lin. et ij pale- 
fridis pro habenda rationabili dote sua qua* earn contingit de terra 
qua fuit prafati Willelmi viri sui et pro habenda rationabili parte 
sua quae earn contingit de catallis qua; fuerunt pradicti Willelmi 
et pro liccntia maritandi se ubi voluerit. In th'ro xxxij.li. et xj.s. 
Et deb. xv.s. et viij.d. Et ij palefridos. 

Hugo Buisscl et Robertus Huissel r.c. de cccc.m. pro habenda 
terra sua de Penwrtham cum pertinentiis undo idem Hugo dis- 
saisitus fuit per placitum (piod crat inter ipsum et pradictum 
Robertum. In th'ro xx.li. Et deb. ccc et lxx.m. Idem r.c de 
eodem debito. In th'ro. 

Henricus filius Hervei r.c. de ccm. pro habenda custodia 
terra 1 - et haredum Willelmi de Furnellis sibi vel cui voluerit earn 
assignare usque ad legaleni atateni pradietorum haredum. In 
th'ro quater xx et ix.li. et vj.s. et viij.d. Et deb. xliiij.li. 

Walterus de Adelminton r.c. de dim. m. pro habenda pracipe 
de vj bovatis terra cum pertinentiis in Adelminton versus Siward 
de Dokesbire. In th'ro lil>. E. Q. E. 

Warinus Bauastre [deb.] cccc.m. pro habenda terra de Make- 
feld et reddit per annum cm. 

Adam filius Ada* de Kellet deb. j palefridum vel v.m. pro 
habenda confirmatione Regis de terra de Gerefholm sicut carta 
Regis Ricardi de Mida quam iude habet testatur. 

Ricardus filius Roberti de Waleton deb. j palefridum vel v.m. 
pro habenda confirmatione Regis de iiij Bovatis terra in Waleton 
cum pertinentiis sicut Carta Ricardi de Mida quam inde habet 
rationabiliter testatur. 

Ricardus de Mida deb. j palefridum et j chascur in creinen- 
tuin finis sui irrotulati in Rotulo auni v. pro habenda villa de 



ROLL OF 6 JOHN (1203-1204). 181 

Hales in fecdo et hareditate secundum tenorem Carta? Regis 
quam inde habet. Willelmus de Winewich deb. j.m. pro habenda 
inquisitione. Eobertus Druerie deb. iij.m. pro eodem. 

Eobertus filius Galfridi r.c. de dim. in. pro licentia concordandi. 
In th'ro lib. E. Q. E. 

Alexander de Preston r.c. de viij.s. In th'ro iij.s. Et deb. v.s. 

Sabina, qua* fuit uxor Kogeri de Ileton deb. dim. m. pro 
liabendo brevi de rationabili dote sua in Westhus[um] et Brunne 
coram Kege. 

Gilebcrtus filius Eeinfridi deb. v palefridos pro habenda con- 
firmatione Eegis et concessione de custodia terra et tueredis 
Oliveri de Aiencurt quam episcopus Norwicensis ei concessit et 
maritagiuni illud. Gilebcrtus filius Ada deb. j.m. pro habenda 
inquisitione legalium Militum Comitatus Lancastrae utrum ipse 
Gilebcrtus aliquid tenuit de Eege in capite per quod debeat 
tailliari nee ne, et si teneat reddat taillagium sin autem quietus 
sit. Eobertus Buissel deb cm. pro habenda inquisitione de Pen- 
wurtham. Iloinines Comitatus Lancastra deb. cm. ut Eicardus 
de Vermin sit vicecomes eorum. 

Tomas de Nevilla deb. dim. m. ut scribatur in magno Eotulo 
quod Sewhale filius Joseph clerici dedit et carta sua confirmavit 
Toma de Nevilla et fidelitatem recepit illius coram Baronibus de 
Scaceario, coram quibus carta pradicta lecta fuit in hac verba. 
Omnibus Audituris et visuris has litteras Sewhale filius Joseph 
clerici Salutem. Sciatis me concessisse et dedisse Toma de Nevilla 
clerico pro servitio suo totam hareditatem meam integre sine ullo 
retinemento quam habui vel habere debui in Manerio de Writel, 
scilicet totam terrain qua fuit Joseph patris mei in eodem manerio 
cum omnibus pertinentiis suis, et totam terram qua fuit Johannis 
Cumbrecaucel et Helewisa* matercera mea in eodem manerio cum 
omnibus pertinentiis suis, et totum jus et clamium quod habui in 
terris quas Snelling et Walterus Wigge et Eandulfus Capun et 
Sewardus tenuerunt in foro Writel habenda et tenenda ipsi 
Tomae vel illi sive illis cui vel quibus ego vel haredes mei ipse 
earn dare vel vendere aut invadiare voluerit iniperpetuum de me 
et haredibus mei3 integre, libere et quiete per servitium duarum 
librarum cera mihi et haredibus meis vel illi sive illis cui vel 
quibus ego vel haredes mei eas assignare voluerimus, annua- 
tim reddendaruin in vigilia Assumptionis beata Maria pro 
omnibus servitiis et exactionibus ad me vel ad haredes meos 
pertinentibus, salvo servitio Eegi3. Ita tamen quod ille cuicunque 



182 THE LANCASHIRE PIPE ROLLS. 

idem Tonias illani dederit vel vend[id]erit vel invadiaverit, mihi 
Sewhalo vel lueredibus meis vel illi sive illis cui vel quibus 
scrvitium illud assiguare volnerinins homagiuin faciet, et jurati 
nostri erunt de pnedieto servitio faciendo sicut prtedietus Tomas 
fuit dum terrain illani in manu sua tenuit. Hanc anteni conven- 
tionem et donationem ei feci pro servitio suo et pro xv marcis 
argent i quas mihi dedit. Et sciendum est quod si forsan ille qui 
terrain illani tenuerit priedictum servitiuni ad pnedictum terminum 
non solvent, licebit mihi Sewalo vel lueredibus meis vel illi sive 
illis cui vel quibus scrvitium illud assignaverimus, ipsum lene- 
mentuin distringere per idem feoduin de servitio illo reddendo. 
Et ut hue imperpetuuni rata sint et ineoncussa ea tain pia'senti 
scripto quam sigilli mci appositione confirmavi, et coram Uaroni- 
bus Scaccario prasentem curtain stepedicto Tonne niunu propria 
libera vi. 

NOTES ON THE PIPE ROLL OF G JOHN (MICH. 1 203-MICII. 1204). 

Among the entries " in terris datis," that relating to two-thirds 
of Croxton, co. Notts., has been cancelled. By letters patent 
dated 7th March, 1204, the King gave permission to Hugh le 
Porter to let in fee farm, or to mortgage his estate in England, for 
two years from Ash Wednesday, 1204. {Pat. Poll, 5 John, m. 3.) 
In the previous October, the King had confirmed certain grants of 
land in Croxton and Sedgebrook, which Hugh le Porter had made 
to the abbey of Croxton, to which house his father had also been 
a munificent benefactor (pages 32, 81). At Easter, 120G, Geofirey 
Lutrel had become possessed of this estate, as appears by letters 
close dated 13th November, 1204, directing the Sheriff of Lancas- 
ter to give Geoffrey seisin of thirteen librates of land in Croxton, 
which had belonged to Hugh le Porter. (Clow Poll, J no., in. 12.) 
The remaining third-part of this town, which had recently been 
in the possession of Sarazina de Apegard, was now in the posses- 
sion of William de St. Aubin and Christiana his wife. Before 
Michaelmas, 120G, they had been dispossessed, 1 as appears by letters 

1 It is stilted by Nichols in the History of Leicestershire (Vol. II., Pt. 1, p. 146), 
that when Philip, the French King seized upon the hinds belonging to the. English 
in Normandy, King John retaliated by seizing the possessions of the French in 
England. The family of " le Porter" of Lyons held Croxton in exchange for 
Corel mm and Culington (page SO), and being Frenchmen they now lost this estate. 
Sarazinn, dau. of Roger le Porter and Masiliu, or Mazclinga de St. Aubin, held her 
portion of Croxton of Ilugh le Porter of Lyons by the service of bearing tho 
standard of the Porters, when they were in the service of the King, and so her 
succeszors also lost their portion of this estate. 



roll of 6 john (1203-1204). 183 

close dated 3rd January, 1206, directing the Sheriff to give Geof- 
frey Lutrel seisin of ten markates of land in Croxton, formerly 
belonging to William de St. Aubin and his wife, " because the 
King had given it to 111111." {Close Roll, 7 Jno., m. 6.) 

Warin Banastre probably attained his full age about Michael- 
mas, 1204, when he was put in seisin of his patrimony, — the Fee 
of Makerfield, — having proffered 400 marks for it. This heavy 
fine is suggestive of a dispute having arisen after the death of 
Robert Banastre as to who was his next heir. Makerfield had 
been in the King's hands for some time. Warin died before 3rd 
April following, when the Sheriff was directed to pay 20s. to his 
widow Sarah, which the King had given to her. {Close Roll, 6 Jno., 
m. 5.) Makerfield then continued in the King's hands until 1213. 

Owen ap David was the son of David ap Owen Gwynedd, who 
married in 1174, Emma, illegitimate daughter of Geoffrey le Bel, 
Comte of Anjou, and father of Henry II., who in 1188 gave her 
the Manors of Ellesmere, co. Salop, and Hales, since called Hales 
Owen, co. Worcester. King John wishing to give the Manor and 
Castle of Ellesmere to Llewelyn ap Griffith, Prince of North Wales, 
in marriage with his daughter Joan, took Ellesmere into his 
own hands, and gave Owen ap David in exchange thirteen librates 
in Elmdon, co. Warwick, and, as a temporary grant, £7 19s. 6d. rent 
in Salford. This rent was soon after resigned, viz. about Easter, 
1206, and the King then gave Owen fifteen librates in Waltham 
in Lindsey. {Close Rolls, G Jno., m. 14, m. 7 ; 7 Jno., m. 10.) 

The Sheriff produced the King's writ allowing him 20s. for 
improvements made in Lancaster and West Derby Castles, and 
22s. Gil. for the repair of a granary in the former Castle. 

De Quinto Scutagio. — The fifth Scutage of King John was put 
in charge early in the sixth year. Although nominally at the rate 
of 2 marks per knight's fee, it was levied in a very arbitrary 
manner in the Honor of Lancaster, at the rate of 3 or sometimes 
6 marks per fee. In fact all tenants in chief, whether in chivalry, 
in thanage, in fee farm or by serjeanty were assessed, who had not 
already contributed to the tallage of the 4th year, and in thirty - 
five cases those who paid tallage in the 4 John, paid generally 
increased amounts to this tallage. 1 

1 The estates for which tallage was paid have been identified so far as it has been 
possible to do so. Further investigation may prove that in some cases the assess- 
ment was upon estates other than those here stated, and this applies especially to 
those cases where the tenure was bj military service. 



184 THE IANCASMRE PIPE ROLLS 

The following persons — with three exceptions — did not con- 
tribute to the previous tallage : — 

Robert, son of Gilinichael, 1 in. ; 1 car. in Whittington, in fee 
farm by 40<7. 

Geoffrey de Gressinghani, 1 in. ; 6 oxg. in Gressingham by 
serjeanty, to keep the Kings goshawks. 

Ketel de Gressingham, J in.; 2 oxg. in Gressingham by ser- 
jeanty, to serve in the forest. 

Henry de Kellet, 5 m. ; 3 car. in Over Kellet, Dare and Claugh- 
ton, in thanage by 19s. GV. Henry appears to have been an elder 
brother of Gilbert de Kellet, who held this estate in 1212. 

William, son of Lie', 4 m. ; estate not ascertained. 

William de Hest, 3 in. ; i car. in Hest iu thanage by 8s. ; 1 car. 
in Middleton in thanage by 13s. Ad. 

Ralph, son of Adam, J in. ; J ear. in Bickerstaffe in thanage 
by 5s. 

Henry de Kerdel (i.e. Cuerden), 2 m. See hereafter in the notes 
on the Roll of 8 John. 

Peter de Brindle (P>urnhul), 2 in. ; 3i car. in Asliton in Maker- 
iield in thanage by 35s. ; 1 car. in Alston in fee farm by 4s. 

Adam de Hoc ton, 20.9. ; Hoghton, which he held of Richard 
Fitton, who held by grant from Itiehard Bussel (Lodsworth MS8. t 
ex Hi. fol. 9) ; Heaton in Lonsdale, 1 car. ; tenure not ascertained. 

Itiehard Fitton, 20s.; 4£ car. in Gunnolvesniores held of the 

fee of Penwortham, and 4 car. elsewhere in Ley land Hundred. 
{Ibid.). 

Klias de Hutton, 1 m. ; 1 car. in Medlar in fee farm by 8s. 

Adam de Walton, — whose name has been cancelled and 
Matthew son of Richard substituted, — 1 m. ; Matthew de Walton 
held land in Egergarth in Lydiate, and probably some tiling in 
Walton-on-the-Hill in connection with the serjeantry of Bailiff of 
West Derby Hundred. 

Kanulf de Marsey, son of Roger, 20s. ; 4 car. in Salford hundred 
in fee farm by 10s. and by serjeanty. 

Gamei de Thorpe, h in. ; 1 car. in Thorp in Bretherton, which 
he probably held under Roger de Freckleton, who held in fee farm 
by 10s. (page 158). 

Matthew 7 Gemot, i m. ; the pasture of Littledale in Caton in 
fee farm by Gs. Sd. 

Robert de Overton, i in. ; £ car. in Overton by serjeanty, to 
be reeve. 




ROLL OF 6 JOHN (1203-1204). 185 

Walter Underwater, £ in. ; an estate called Miluesfleet, situ- 
ation not ascertained, by serjeanty. 

John, son of Ralph, \ in. ; estate not ascertained. 

Quenild de Kirkdale, £ m. ; 1 car. in Formby, by serjeanty to 
convey the Treasury through a portion of the county when re- 
quired. 

Margaret Banastre, 1 in. in two equal items ; she was the 
widow of Richard, son of Roger, of Lythain and Wood-plump ton, 
and would be assessed on some portion of her deceased husband's 
thanelands, with which she was endowed. 

Adam de Walton, 1 m. ; probably he was a tenant of lands in 
Ulnes walton, held of the fee of Penwortham. 

Adam, son of Gilbert, £ m. ; perhaps brother of Henry de 
Walton, who held the serjeantry of Bailiff of West Derby hun- 
dred, with lands in Walton, Wavertree and Newsham (vide supra). 

William le Fleming, of Furness, was in ward to Henry, son of 
Hervey (see below). The King excused the latter 20 marks of 
the assessment upon le Fleming's estate in Furness. 

Robert, son of Robert, £ in. ; probably soma estate held of the 
fee of Penwortham, situation not ascertained. 

Geoffrey de Penwortham, \ m. ; laud in Longton, held of the 
fee of Penwortham. 

Robert de Longton, brother of Geoffrey, \ m. ; same estate as 
the last-named. 

Alan de Rixton, £ m. ; 1 car. in Rixton and Glazebrooke held 
of the Warrington fee. 

Nova Oblata. — William, son of Michael le Fleming of Furness 
being dead, and William his heir a minor, Henry, son of Hervey buys 
the wardship of the heirs and of their estates for 200 marks. Ada 
or Aline the widow proffers 150 marks and two palfreys for assign- 
ment of dower and for her share of his chattels, and for liberty to 
marry whom she would. She is probably the lady who afterwards 
married William le Boteler of Warrington. 

Hugh and Robert Bussel pay 30 marks towards their fine of 
400 marks. As already stated (page 1G1), they afterwards made 
default as regards the balance. 

Walter de Adlington proffered \ mark for a " pnecipe quod 
reddat" respecting six oxgangs of land in Adlington, against Siward 
de Duxbury. An assize of mort d'ancestor had been summoned 
between them in the Curia Regis respecting this land. Agree- 
ment was made by Siward acknowledging that " Adelvinton " was 



186 THE LANCASHIRE PIPE ROLLS. 

the right of Walter, who then granted it to Siward and his heirs, 
to hold of him by tts. 6d, yearly at Martinmas. (Feet of Fines, 

4 Jno., Lane., No. 25.) 

Adam, son of Adam de Kellet proffered a palfrey or 5 marks 
for the King's confirmation of certain lands in Bolton-le-Sands, 
called Gerefholm (Reeve's holm) and Dritern (Drytarn), which 
Adam, son of Alan and Godith his wife, Thomas Rous (Bitffus) of 
Bothelton and Sigherit his wife, Gilbert de Bothelton and Serot 
his wife, Michael, son of Waldevc de Bothelton, Adam, son of 
William de Bothelton, ami Agnes, daughter of Roger de Bothelton 
had granted to him, to hold of them by 2.$. 4d. yearly. The royal 
confirmation is dated at Nottingham, 25th August, 1204. {Charter 
Boll, 6 Jno., m. 7.) The reference to Richard de Meath as the 
grantor is erroneous. His name is not given in the Fine Koll 
entry. (G Jno., m. 8.) 

Bichard, son of Robert de Walton proffered a palfrey or 

5 marks for the King's confirmation of four oxgangs of land in 
Walton-on-the-Hill, which Bichard de Meath had granted to him, 
to hold by os. (id. yearly. The confirmation bears the same date 
as that to Adam de Kellet. 

William de Winwiek's proffer for an inquiry was due to an 
appeal brought against him in the Curia Begis by Italph Langus 
for wrongful and premeditated assault and robbery at Langshaw, 
near Chipping, when the said Ralph was conveying to his lord 
15 marks of his ferm, which he had received. Robert Druery was 
implicated in the same affair. (Curia Begis Boll, 4 Jno., No. 29.) 

Robert, son of Geoffrey's proffer for licence to concord is 
correlative to a suit in the Curia Regis, in which he w ? as the 
plaintiff against Robert, son of Ughtred, respecting six oxgangs of 
land in Longton, in which the latter had no entry except by Hugh 
Bussel, who had committed that land to him during the minority 
of the said Robert, son of Geoffrey. The land was in the King's 
hands at the time of the institution of the proceedings, by reason 
of the default of Bobert, son of Ughtred, the tenant, and was to 
be sued for. (Curia Begis Boll, 6 Jno., No. 36.) 

Sabina, widow of Roger de Heaton, proffered J mark for a 
writ of summons coram Bege on the Octave of St. Michael, re- 
specting her dower in Westhusum and Brunne (Weesham, and 
Bourn Hall, in the township of Thornton in Amounderncss). Her 
son was a minor. Afterwards the King sold the wardship and 
marriage of the heir to Henry de Redman. ( Vide postea.) 



holl of 7 John (1204-1205). 187 

The Bishop of Norwich had, three years before, proffered 400 
marks for the wardship and marriage of Oliver, son and heir of 
Oliver D'Aincurt. Afterwards lie disposed of this wardship to 
Gilbert fitz Reinfred, who proffered five palfreys for the King's 
confirmation of the assignment, which the King confirmed by 
letters patent dated 7th Sept., 1204. 

Gilbert, son of Adam, proffered 1 mark for a grand assize to 
inquire and declare whether he held land in Penwortham in chief 
of the King, whereby he ought to pay tallage, or not. 

The enrolment of a charter relating to Writtle, co. Essox, was 
a postseriptive entry, and has no reference to co. Lancaster (page 
102). 

MAG. HOT. PIP., 7 JOITIS (1204-120f>). 

(Roll No. 51. m. 15, (torso.) 

Lancastra. 

Ricardus de Vermin, Willelmus de Venum ut custos r.c. pro eo 
de cli. de firma Honoris de Lancastra de dimidio anno. In th'ro 
xxviij.li. et xiij.s. et iiij.d. 

Et in terris Datis Willehno filio Walkelini iiij.li. et x.s. in 
Stauenesbi. Et hreredi Nigelli de Greselega xlviij.s. in Drakelawe. 
Et Willehno Marescallo xvj.li. in Kertmel. Et Yeruerht de Hilton 
xij.s. in terra de Penelton. Et Willehno de Huntingefeld vij.li. et 
x.s. in terra quam tenet in Mendham qiue pertiuet ad pnedictum 
Honorem. Et Roberto ruffo vj.li. et x.s. in Nauenebi. Et Comiti 
de Derebi as. quos Vicecomes de Lancastra consuevit recipere per 
annum ab hominibus de Notingeham qui solebant pertinere ad 
tercium denarium Comitatus de Lancastra. Et Wiilelmo de Sancto 
Albino et Cristiniu uxori siue v.m. in Croxton. Et in Defalta exitus 
foresUe de Lancastra as. Et Oeno filio David lxxix.s. et ix.d. Et 
Warino Banastre lvij.s. et x.d. de quarta parte anni in Makeres- 
feld. 

Et Same qua* fuit uxor Warini Banastre xx.s. per breve Regis. 
Et pro Judicio et Justicia facienda ix.s. Et deb. xij.li. et iij.s. et 
v.d. Idem r.c. de eodem debito. In th'ro Nichil. Et Galfrido 
Lutrel vj.li. et x.s. in Croxton in terra quae fuit Hugonis Janitoris 
per breve Regis. Et in villa de Lancastra x.m. de quibus Homines 
de Lancastra respondent infra. Et habet de superplusagio xLx.s. et 
xj.d. Hieredibus Willelmi de Valeines as. in Cof ho. Et luTredibus 
Victoris xxix.s. in Wellingoure. Et habet de superplusagio vij.li. et 



188 THE LANCASHIRE PIPE ROLLS. 

viij.s. et xj.d. de quibus lxxix.s. et iiij.d. locantur infra. Et lxix.s. 
in llotulo sequcnti in proficuo G[ilberti] filii Reinfridi. 

Gilebertus filius Iteinfridi ut custos, Adam filius Eogeri pro eo 
r.c. de c.li. de firma pnedicti honoris de diniidio anno. In th'ro 
xxvj.li. et v.s. et vj.d. 

Et in ten-is datis Willelmo filio Walkelini iiij.li. et x.s. [in] 
Stauenebi. Et lueredi Nigelli de Greseleia xlviij.s. in Drakelawe. 
Et Willelmo Marescallo xvj.li. in Kertmel. Et Yeruerht de Hilton 
xij.s. in terra de Penelton. Et Willelmo de Huntingefcld vij.li. et 
x.s. in terra quam tenet in Mendliam. Et Iioberto Ituflb vj.lL et 
x.s. in Nauenebi. Et Comiti de Derebi c.s. quos vieecomes consuevit 
recipere sicut supra continetur. Et Willelmo de Sancto Albino et 
Cristianaj uxori sua* x.m. in Croxton. Et in Defalt a exitus forestte 
de Lancastra c.s. Et lueredilms Willelmi de Valeines c.s. in Coflio. 
Et lueredibus Victoria xxix.s. in Wellingoure. 

Et in reparatione doinorum in cast-jllo de Lancastra xxix.s. et 
vj.d. Et deb. xvj.li. et viij.s. et iiij.d. Et praterea c.s. Idem r.c. 
de eodem deb. In th'ro Nicbil. Et Galfrido Lutrel vj.li. et x.s. 
in Croxton in terra qua? fuit Hugouis Janitoris. Et in villa de 
Lancastra x.m. de quibus homines de Lancastra respondent infra. 
Et deb. xlvj.s. 

L'icardus de Vermin r.c, de xxj.s. et iij.d. et ob. de remancnti 
firma de anno pneterito. Et de x.s. de remanenti ejusdeni firmae 
de anno v t0 . In th'ro xxj.s. et iij.d. et ob. Et deb. x.s. Sed 
respondet infra. 

Predictus G[ilbertus] r.c. de xxx.m. de proficuo Comitatus de 
diniidio anno. In th'ro Niehil. Et ipsi L'egi in Camera sua xxx.m. 
per breve Pegis. E. Q. E. 

Idem Ii[icardus debet] l.m. de Cremento Comilatus facto per 
ipsum de diniidio anno. 

Idem vieecomes [debet] l.m. de eodem Cremento de diniidio 
anno. 

Idem li[ieardus] r.c. de xv.s. de Cremento de Crossebi de 
diniidio anno. Et de x.s. de Cremento de Waleton. Et de 
xl.d. de cremento de Wauertrie. Et de vj.s. et x.d. de cremento 
de Middelton. Et de ij.s. et vj.d. de Cremento de Pilton. Et de 
x.s. de Cremento de lk>thelton. Et de xl.d. de Cremento Molendini 
de Bothelton. Et de xx.s de Cremento de Westderebi. Et de xl.d. 
de Cremento de Fornebi de diniidio anno. Et de v.s. de Cremento 
de Blakerode. In th'ro Niehil. Et in suo superplus quod habet 
supra lxxix.s. et iiij.d. E. Q. E. 



roll of 7 JOHN (1204-1205) 189 

Homines do Lancastra r.c. de xx.m. de firma vilhe sine. In 
th'ro liberaverunt. E. Q. S. 

Prasdictus- G[ilbertus] r.c. do xv.s. de creniento de Cro3sebi de 
dimidio anno. Et de x.s. de cremento de Waleton. Et de xl.d. 
de Cremento de Wauertrie. Et de vj.s. et x.d. de cremento de 
Middelton. Et de ij.s. et vj.d. de creniento de Pulton. Et de x.s. 
de cremento de Bothelton. Et de xl.d. de cremento Molendini de 
Bothelton. Et de xx.s. de cremento de Westderebi. Et de 1.8. xl.d. 
de Cremento de Fornebi de dimidio anno. Et de v.s. de creniento 
de Biakerode. In th'ro. Et de i.s. de cremento de Hales de to to 
anno. Et de xl.d. de cremento de Fornebi de dimidio anno. Et de 
v.s. de cremento de Blakerode. Et de v.s. de cremento de Boulton. 
In th'ro liberavit in xij talliis. E. Q. E. 

Idem Vicecomes r.c. de ij.s. de firma cujusdam domus in 
Lanoastra de anno prteterito et de hoc anno. In th'ro xij.d. 
Et deb. xij.d. 

Idem vicecomes deb. xxxviij.li. et v.s. et x.d. de primo Scutagio 
assiso ad ij marcas. Bicardus de Vermin deb. x.li. et xj.s. et vj.d. 
de remanenti firma de anno iij°. 

Yeruerth de Hilton r.c. de x.s. pro Pendelton sicut continetur 
in Kotulo secundo. In th'ro liberavit. E. Q. E. 

Ricardus Fitun deb. iiij.s. et iiij.d pro habenda saisina sicut 
continetur ibidem. Adam filius Orm deb. j chascur pro habendo 
brevi. Sed non debet summoneri quia reddidit Eegi sicut conti- 
netur in Eotulo finiuni. 

Arcturus de Eston r.c. de v.m. et ij.s. et iiij.d. pro confirmatione 
cartas sicut continetur ibidem. In th'ro xlvij.s. et x.d. Et deb. 
xxj.s. et ij.d. 

Willelmus de Eadecliue r.c. de dim. m. pro habenda inquisitione 
sicut continetur ibidem. In th'ro liberavit. E. Q. E. 

Pnedictus G[ilbertus] r.c. deb. xvj.s. de Cremento do Euerton. 
Et de xlij.s. et ix.d. de cremento de Skerton. Et de lij.s. et vj.d. 
de Cremento de Ouerton. In th'ro liberavit in iij talliis. 

E. Q. E. 

Teobaldus Walteri deb. dim. m. de secundo Scutagio. Willelmus 
de Eadecliue deb. xx.s. pro habenda saisina sicut continetur in Eotulo 
iiij°. Willelmus filius Willelmi deb. xx.s. de taillagio sicut conti- 
netur in Eotulo pracedenti. 

Idem vicecomes r.c. de ij.s. et ij.d. de Eanulpho filio Eogeri de 
taillagio. Et de viij.d. de Gileberto de Norton de eodem. In th'ro 
liberavit in ij talliis. E. Q. E. 



100 TTIK LANCASHIRE PIPE ROLLS. 

Idem Viceeomes r.e. de j.m. de Gileberto de Toft 1 de taillagio. 
Et dc dim. m. de Roberto filio Roberti de eodem. In th'ro liberavit 
in ij talliis. • E. Q. E. 

Willelmus de Neuill del), xx.s. de eodem. Hugo Ruissel deb. 
vj.m. pro eodem. Hugo le Norreis deb. ij.m. de eodem. 

Gfilbertus] filius Iteiiifridi r.e. de x.li. ct xv.d. de exitu terramm 
Teobaldi "\Valt?ri de termino Sancti Mieaelis. In th'ro liberavit. 

E. Q. E. 

Dr qvnrto Svvtayio. 

Idem viceeomes r.c. de ij.s. et iiij.d. de Priore de Grimosbi. 
Et de j.m. de Galfrido Carbunel dc eodem. In th'ro liberavit in 
ij talliis. E. Q. R 

Willelmus filius Rimonis r.c. de xxxvj.s. de eodem. In th'ro 
ij.m. Et deb. ix.s. et iiij.d. 

Radulphus de Sane to Georgio r.c, de xxj.s. et iiij.d. de eodem. 
In th'ro xx.s. Et deb. xvj.d. 

Galf'ridus de Costentin r.c. de ij.m. de eodem. In th'ro Nichil. 
Et in pardonis ipsi Galfrido ij.m. per breve Gfalfridi] filii Petri. 

E. Q. E. 

Hugo Port arius et mater Sarraceiue del), xvij.s. de eodem. 
Robertus le Vauasur deb. iiij.m. et dim. de eodem. 

Ricardus de Vernun [debet] vj.li. et v.s. de proficuo Comitatus 
Lancastne de dim. anno. 

Robertas filius P>ernardi deb. xvj.s. et viij.d. de fine sicut conti- 
netur in Rotulo v to . Kicardus de Mida deb. viij.ni. et j palefridum 
pro habenda villa sicut continetur ibidem. 

Idem viceeomes r.c, do ij.s. et x.d. de Communa AVapentachii 
de Snuford. Et de x.s. de Willelmo Juvene. Et do x.s. de Alex- 
andro de Greston. Et de ij.s. et vj.d. de Hugonc de Oxecliue. In 
thYo liberavit. E. Q. E. 

Rogcrus de Leicestre deb. ix.s. et ij.d. de eodem. Johannes et 
Elyas deb. iiij.s. Robertus filius Vctredi deb. dim. m. Teobaldus 
Walteri deb. vj.li. et ix.s. et vj.d. de pluribus debitis sicut continetur 
in Rotulo v to . 

Ricardus de Vernun r.e. de x.s. de remanenti firma de Lancastra 
de anno v t0 sicut supra continetur. In thro liberavit. 

E. Q. E. 

Idem Viceeomes r.c. de dim. m. de Ricardo de Ilorhull de v to 
Scutagio. Et de ij.m. de Roberto de Harestan. Et de j.m. de 

1 Sic for Croft. 



ROLL OF 7 JOHN (1204-1205). 191 

Yeruerth tie Hilton. Et de xx.s. <le Waltero de Paries. Et de 
ij.s. et iiij.d. de Adam de Wale ton. Et de dim. in. de Roberto filio 
Roberti. Et de dim. in. de Galfrido de Penwertham. Et de dim. 
m. de Roberto fratre ejusdem. Et de dim. m. de Alano de Rixton. 
Et de dim. m. de Johanne filio Roberti. Et de dim. m. de Henrico 
filio Galfridi. In th'ro liberavit in xj talliis. E. Q. E. 

Adam de Otteleia r.c. de xj.m. de eodem. In th'ro lx.s. Et 
deb. vj.m. et dim. 

Willelmus de Funieis r.c. de x.m. de eodem. In th'ro liberavit. 

E. Q. E. 

Gilebertus de Hastinges deb. iiij.m. de eodem. Hieredes Roberti 
de Furnels deb. xxxix.s. de eodem. Radulphus de Sancto Georgio 
deb. j.m. de eodem. 

De Oblatis. 

Robertus filius Rogeri deb. terciam partem de xj.m. et iij.s. quos 
petit versus Robertum de Preston. 

Alina qua; fuit uxor Wiilelmi de Furneis r.c. de xv.s. et viij.d. 
et ij palefridis pro habenda dote sua sicut continetur iu Rotulo 
pnecedenti. In th'ro xv.s. et viij.d. Et lxij.s. et ix.d. de palefridis. 
Et deb. lxx.s. et vij.d. 

Hugo Bussel et Robertus Ruissel r.c. de ccc et lxx.m. pro 
habenda terra sua sicut continetur ibidem. In th'ro xix.li. et 
viij.s. per Hugonem. Et deb. cc et xxvij.li. et v.s. et ij.d. 

Henricus filius Heruei r.c. de xliiij.li. pro habenda custodia 
sicut continetur in Rotulo pra?cedenti. In th'ro liberavit. 

EQ. E. 

Warinus Banastre deb. ccccm. pro habenda terra de Makefeld 
et reddet j)er annum cm. 

Adam filius Ada? do Kellet r.c. de v.m. pro habenda confirmatione 
Regis sicut continetur ibidem. In th'ro iiij.m. Et deb. j.m. 

Ricardus filius Roberti de Waleton r.c. de v.m. pro eodem sicut 
continetur ibidem. In th'ro liberavit. E. Q. E. 

Ricardus de Mida deb. j palefridum et j chascur in crementum 
finis sui sicut continetur ibidem. 

Robertus Druerie deb. iij.m. pro habenda inquisitione. 
-Willelmus de Whinewic r.c. de j.m. pro habenda inquisitione. 
In th'ro xij.s. et iij.d. Et deb. xiij.d. 

Alexander de Preston r.c. de v.s. pro eodem. In th'ro liberavit. 

E. Q. E. 

Idem Vicecomes r.c. de dim. m. <\e Sabiua quae fuit uxor Rogeri 



102 THE LANCASHIRE PIPE ROLLS. 

pro habendo brevi. Etdcj.ra.de Gileberto filio Adas pro habenda 
inquisitione do Penwrtham. Homines Comitatus Lancastne debet 
(sic) cm. ut Ricardus do Vermin sit Vicccomes eoruni. 

Walterus de Tirinton et Ricardus de Brixes r.c. de dim. m. pro 
habenda loquela. In th'ro liberaverunt. E. Q. S. 

Siwardus de Middelton r.e. de ij.s. de misericordia. In th'ro 
libera vit. E. Q. E. 

Nora Oblata. 

Ranulphus de Marisco 1 r.c. de v.m. pro habendo recto de feodo 
j Militis versus Galfridum Monachum et Matildem 2 uxorem ejus 
in Flint-ham et Nauenebi. In th'ro liberavit. E. Q. E. 

Robertas filiu.s Bernardi deb. medietatem de v.m. quas Teobaldus 
Walteri ei debet, et medietatem de iiij.m. quas Rogerus de Leircestre 
ei debet, et medietatem de xvj.s. et viij.d. quos Ricardus de Rrocton 
et Petrus de Hacumesho ei debcnt, et medietatem de xxij.s. etiiij.d. 
quos Waltcrus filius Osherti ei debet pro habendo recto de pradictis 
debitis. Magister Mallueus medicus deb. x.m. ut Jurata quam Rex 
pnvcepit fieri super ecclesiam de Geirstau utruni ipsa fuerit capella 
pertinens tfancto Micaeli super Wiram nee ne, sine dilatione capiatur 
apud Eboracum coram Rege. Robertus filius Galfridi deb. dim. 111. 
pro habendo prcecipe de vj Bovatis terras in Langeton. Ricardus 
de Vermm deb. xl.m. et j palefridum pro contemptu mandatorum 
Regis ei injunctorum. 

De finihiis H Sautngio MUUum de rj Scvtagio. 

Willelmus filius Benedicti Gernct r.c. de xx.m. de fine suo. In 
th'ro xviij.m. et viij.s. et viij.d. Et deb. xviij.s. 

Micael de Malniuers r.c. de ij.m. pro eodem, tenet feoda ij 
Milituin. In th'ro liberavit. E. Q. E. 

Willelmus de Vilariis r.c. de ij.m. pro eodem. In th'ro xx.s. 
Et deb. dim. in. 

Robertus de Furnellis deb. xx.s. Robertus de Sancto Georgio 
deb. xx.s. Walterus de Stanton deb. v.m. 

Galfridus Monaeus r.c. de xLs. pro eodem, [tenet] j feodum 
In th'ro xxx.s. Et deb. x.s. Idem r.c. de eodem deb. In th'ro 
liberavit, E. Q. E. 

Willelmus Pincerna r.c. de xx.m. de fine suo. In th'ro liberavit. 

E. Q. E. 

1 Sic for Marcseia, as in the Chancellors Boll, 
3 Sic for Agatham, as in C.R. 



koll of 7 JOttK (1204-1205). 193 

De Militibus ejusdem Jfonoiis in Norfolc et Sudfolch. 

Idem r.c. de ij.m. de Willelmo Roscelin do fcodo j Militis. Et 

de ij.m. de Scutagio Rogeri de Muriels de feodo j Militis. Et de 

ij.m. de Scutagio Torme de Muleton et Gileberti de Kenetewell de 

feodo j Militis. Et de ij.m. de Willelmo de Iluntingefeld de j feodo. 

Et de j.m. de Ada de Ottelega [Cokefeld interlined] de dimidio 

feodo. Et de j.m. de Willelmo filio Heritei de dimidio feodo. Et 

de j.m. de Willelmo de Valeiiies de dimidio feodo. In th'ro liberavit 

in vij talliis. E. Q. E. 

Comes Rogerus Bigotus r.c. de viij.m. de feodis iiij Militum. In 

th'ro vj.m. Et deb. ij.m. 

Adam de Ottelega r.c. de iiij.m. de feodis ij Militum. In tirrO 

iij.m. et dim. Et deb. dim. m. 

Willelmus Esturmi r.c. de iiij;in. de ij feodis. In th'fo iij.ra. 

et dim. Et deb. dim. m. Gilebertus de Hastinges deb. ij.m. de 

j feodo. Robertus Bertram deb. ij.m. de j feodo. Robertus de 

Harestan deb. ij.m. de j feoJo. Hcnricus Falconarius deb. ij.m. 

de j feodo. Gilebertus filius Reinfridi r.c. de ij.m. de feodo j 

Militis in Comitatu de Lancastra. In th'ro liberavit. E. Q. E. 

Willelmus Pincerna finivit supra et tenet viij feoda. 

Idem Vicecomes r.c. de ij.m. de Toma de Golburc et Adam de 

Lauton de j feodo. Et de Jan. de Ricardo de Mulinels J>ro dimidio 

feodo. Et de xvj.in. de Rogero de Muntbegun de viij feodis. Et 

de xxiiij.m. de Roberto Greslega de xij feodis. Et de ij.m. de 

Roberto de Furnellis et Radulpho de Sancto Georgio de j feodo. 

Et de ij.m. de R. Willelmo filio Simonis de j feodo. Et de j.m. 

xie Galfrido Carbunel de dimidio feodo. Et de j.m. de Priore de 

Grimesbi de dimidio feodo. Et de xxiij.d. de Adam de Middelton 

de xiiij parte j feodi. In th'ro liberavit in ix talliis. E. Q. E. 

Ranulphus de Gameleston r.c. de x.m. de fine suo et tenet 

feoda iij Militum. In th'ro vj.m. Et deb. iiij.m. Idem r.c. de 

eodem debito. In th'ro xvj.s. et viij.d. Et deb. xxxvj.s. et viij.d. 

Hugo Bussel et Robertus Bussel r.c. de vj.m. de iij feodis. In 

th'ro' lxxij.s. Et deb. viij.s. Radulphus Frasier deb. ij.m. de 

j feodo. Robertus de Furnellis et Radulphus de Sancto Georgio 

deb. j.m. de dimidio feodo. Advocatus de Betun deb. j.m. pro 

dimidio feodo. 

Isti habent Quiiiantiam *pcr breve. 

Ranulphus de Viri de dimidio feodo. Constabularius Cestriae 

de ix feodis. Nicolaus de Verdun de tribus partibus j feodi. 

Galfridus Lutrel j feodo. Galfridus. Costentin de j feodo. 





194 THE LANCASIIIUK PIPE ROLLS. 

Tomas Brito deb. dim. in. ut scribatur in magno Rotulo quod 
Kicardus filius Rndulphi filii Petri de Thaideii dedit et concessit 
et carta sua confirmavit ei pro homagio et seruitio suo totam 
terrain suam de Chihedich cum omnibus pertinentiis suis, cum 
aduocatione Ecclesia?, et omnibus libertatibus et liberis consuctu- 
dinibus ad dictam terrain pertinentibus, et quicquid ibidem habuit 
et ad euni pertinebat, sine aliquo reteiiemento, et eis quibus idem 
Tomas dictam terram jure haereditario assignaverit, et eorum 
successoribiis quos prsedicti sibi jure hiereditario constituerint. 
Habendam et tenendam finabiliter de se et hieredibus suis integrft, 
liberfc, quict& et pacific^, in honiinibus, in honiinum bomagiis et 
eorum servitiis, in redditibus, in releviis, in exitibus, in terris, in 
semitis, in viis, in pratis et pascuis, in bosco et piano, et in cunctia 
rebus, sine aliqua diminutione sicut aliquis antecessorum suorum 
earn melius et liberius tenuit; reddendo inde annuatim sibi et 
heeredibus suis decern solidos duobus terminis in anno, ad Pascha 
v solidos, et ad festum Sancti Miehaelis v solidos pro omnibus 
Bervitiis et exactionibus qua? ab eo et hieredibus suis vel ab aliquo 
alio possint exigi ; salvo servitio Regis, servitio scilicet dim. Militia, 
unde dictus Tomas et illi quibus dictam terram jure hiereditario as- 
signaverit et eorum successores quos pnedicti sibi jure haereditario 
Buccedere constituerint, ipsum et heredes suos acquietare debent 
cum evenerit versus capitalem dominuni, et quod idem Tomas et 
illi quibus dictam terrain jure haereditario assignaverit et eorum 
successores quos praedicti sibi jure hiereditario succederc con- 
stituerint, custodiam dictic terra? et puerorum quibus eadem terra 
jure hiereditario f uerit assignata, dum infra etatem fuerint cuicunque 
uoluerint, committent Ita quod nee ipse Kicardus nee lnuredes 
sui aliquam umquam custodiam in dicta terra habere potest, nee 
etiam custodiam puerorum nee aliquid aliud nisi servitium pne- 
nominatum, scilicet x solidos et seruitium dim. Militis cum even- 
erit, pro omnibus servitiis et demandis ; et quod ipse Kicardus 
et haeredes sui imperpetuum warantizabunt predicto Toime et illis 
quibus dictam terram jure luereditario assignauerit, et eorum 
successoribus quos praedicti sibi jure hiereditario succedere con- 
stituerint, et quod pro hac concessione et donatione et Waranti- 
ratione dedit ei Tomas lxx.m., et duos palefridos, et unum auulum 
aureum. 

Kogcrus filius Galfridi deb. dim. m. ut scribatur in magno 
Rotulo, quod Kicardus filius Walteri dedit et concessit et carta 
sua confirmavit ei totas duas croftas quae jacent inter teiTam quae 



ROLL OF 7 JOHN (1204-1205). 195 

fuit Hugonis et terram quae firit Roberti filii Petri cum Masagio, 
et illaiu terra acrani suae quae jacet sub Siwinesho versus Boream 
juxta terrain Sparke, et illam acram quae jacet ad caput unius 
preedicte croffce sute juxta teiram Eustacii, et extendit se versus 
meridiem, cum omnibus partinentiis et toto redditu, scilicet de 
Eustacio vj den. et de parsona iiij.d. per annum, prater regale 
servitium. Quae omnia sunt in villa de Alseswich, propter escain- 
bium totidem terra in villa de Esendene ; tenendam et habendam 
de se et haeredibus suis ill! et haeredibus suis liberfe, quiete et 
haereditari£, reddendo inde domino villas de Alseswic, ij solidos 
ad duos terminos anni, scilicet ad Pascha xij.d.,etad festum Sancti 
Micaelis xij.d., pit) omni seruitio et consuetudine, saluo regali 
seruitio quantum pertinet ad quinque acras ; et quod prsedictus 
Ricardus et haeredes sui warantizabunt ei et ha?redibus suis totam 
pradictam terrain et redditum contra onmes homines et feminas ; 
et quod pro hac donatione et Warantizatione dedit pradictus 
Rogerns eidem Ricardo iiij.ni. argeuti ; et quod prater pradictas 
terras concessit ei unam acmm terra de feodo suo in villa de 
Alseswic, illam scilicet quae est in crofta sua juxta acram quam 
Magister Robertas de Halewic tenet de eo in eadeni crofta 
proxima versus oiientem, reddendo inde iiij or denarios per annum, 
ad festum Sancti Micaelis ij.d., et ad Pascha ij.d., pro omni 
seruitio, saluo Regis seruitio quantum pertinet ad dimidiam 
acram ; et quod pro hac donatione dedit ei x solidos in gersumam, 
et quod ipse Kicardus et haeredes sui warantizabunt pradictain 
acram Rogero et lueredibus suis contraomnes homines et feminas. 

Britius de Stubbheia deb. dim. m. ut scribatur in magno 
Rotulo. Quod Lucas de Greueford dedit et concessit et carta sua 
confirmavit ei, pro homagio et seruitio suo feodum dimidii Militis 
cum pertinentiis in Greueford, cum advocatione Ecclesiae ejusdem 
villae, scilicet, quicquid ibi habuit sine aliquo retenemento. Haben- 
dam et tenendam sibi et ha*redibus suis de se et lueredibus suis 
jure hareditario, per liberum servitium xl solidorum per annum 
ad iiij or terminos solvendorum, scilicet infra octavum diem Natalis 
domini x.s., Et infra octavum diem Pasche x.s., Et infra octavum 
diem Nativitatis Sancti Johanms Baptistaa x.s., Et infra octavum 
diem Sancti Micaelis x.s., pro omni seruitio et exactione ad se et 
ad haeredes suos pertinente ; et quod idem Britius et haeredes sui 
facient capitalibus dominis ejusdem feodi et eorum haredibus, 
servitium feodi dimidii Militis de praedicto feodo, sicut ipse Lucas 

et antecessores sui eis facere coasuoverunt. Et quod ipse Lucas 

o 2 



196 TIIK LANCA&IIIKE PIPE ROLLS. ' 

St lucredcs sui warantiKabunt pra-dicto Britio et hceredibus suis 
pictdictum feodum diniidii Militis cum omnibus pertinentiis et 
cum piiedicta advocatione }>cr pnedictum seruitium contra omnea 
homines ; et quod ])ro hac douatione et concessione et Warantiza- 
tione dedit ei pnedictus liritius xlij marcas in gersumain. 1 

NOTES ON fllfc J'lPE ROLL OF 7 JOHN (MKIL 1204-MICH. 1205). 

l'ichard de Vernon retired from oftiee at Easter, 1205, William 
de Vernon having acted as his Deputy for the half-year. He had 
been negligent in executing the King's mandates, and not only 
lost his post, but was subjected to a tine of 40 marks, and a 
palfrey (Nova oblata hujus anni), He was succeeded by Gilbert 
fit-z Ileinfred, into whose charge the King committed the County 
and Honor, by letters patent issued at Windsor, on the 2oth 
April. Adam de Carlisle, son of Jtioger, executed the office in his 
place ut Custos, i.t\ as lieceiver or Seneschal, and not as a farmer 
of the county revenues. 

There are several new items of account in the Corpus 
Comifatus. In the hearing of pleas, and execution of justice, 9s. 
had been expended. The ferm of the town of Lancaster was 
now rendered for the first time by the burgesses themselves, and 
hot by the Sheriff as heretofore. In the repair of the lodgings iu 
Lancaster Castle, 2\)s. (id. had been expended. 

Theobald Walter died about the beginning of August, 1205, 
probably in Ireland. The issues of his Amounderness fee yielded 
£10 Is. 3d. for the King's use, for that portion of the year which 
remained before the Michaelmas audit. His brother Hubert, the 
Archbishop, also died about this time, viz. on the 13th July. 

Nova Oblata. — Stephen, Count of lioulogne and Mortain, 
had enfeoffed the ancestor of Hugh 1 'ret el in one knight's fee in 
Flintham and Xavenby. (Testa, I., fol. 850.) Hugh was living 
circa 1172. Agatha, his daughter and heir married firstly Geoffrey 
le Moine (Monach us), and secondly Humphrey, King John's cook, 
ltanulph de Marscy, however, claimed to hold this fee in chief of 
the King, as of the Honor of Lancaster, and Geoffrey and Agatha 
having disseised him (Patent, 6 Jno., fol. oT>\\) 9 he obtained a writ 
of right against them, and recovered the estate. He died shortly 
after, so that in the year 1212, his son being in ward ta the King, 
the said Agatha was returned as holding the fee in chief. 

Master Matthew, the Physician, had instituted a suit on behalf 

1 These charters are omitted in tho Chancellor s Roll, 



roll of 7 joiix (1204-1205.) 197 

of the King against Gilbert fitz Peinfred and Hawise liis wife, 
respecting the Church of St. Michael on Wyre, before Michaelmas 
Term, 5 John. {Curia Regis Boll, No. 32.) Gilbert and Hawise 
claimed to be patrons of the said church. In Hilary Term, 
6 John, an assize came to make recognition if the said church of 
St. Helen, of Garstang was a chapel belonging to the church of 
St. Michael on Wyre, which was of the King's donation, being 
held of the King by Master Matthew. The verdict of the Jury 
was that during their time it had never been a cjiapel attached 
to the church of St. Michael, but they always regarded it as a 
mother church. Further, that in the time of Henry II., as also 
in the time of the present King, when he was Count of Mortaip, 
divers sworn inquests had been taken by discreet and aged men 
of the County of Lancaster, respecting lands and other matters 
which used to belong to the Crown, but they never found upon 
oath that the said church of St. Helen belonged to the King. 
(Curia Rrgis Roll, No. 36 ; Assize Roil, No. 1039, m. 3..) 

De finibus et de sexto scutagio. — William Gernet succeeded 
his father Benedict, in the office of Chief Forester of ] Lancaster, 
during the year. He proffered 20 marks by way of fine " ne trans- 
fretct," and for relief of his forest fee. 

William de Yilers paid 2 marks for his fee in Newbold an(J 
Owthorpe, and Walter de Staunton 5 marks for one fee jn Crop- 
hill Butler and Kinoulton. These were the two Nottinghamshire 
fees held by William le Boteler, who held of the Honor of 
Lancaster (page 144). The descent of these fees is given in the 
Testa de flevill, II., fol. 809 : "Pain de yilers, the first to be 
enfeoffed, gave to William de Yilers, his son, the land of NewboUl 
by military service, which William II, son of Pain II [son of 
William I, son of Pain I], holds [in 1212] by the same service.'' 
And again : " The said Pain I gave to [his son] Thomas de Vilers, 
the moiety of Owthorpe, &c, in military service," which he pFob- 
ably held in 1212, except one carucate there, which William de 
Yilers held. The descent of the other fee is thus given : " Whilst 
William le Boteler was in ward to lialph fjtz Bernard, [a former 
Sheiiff], by the King's grant, lialph gave the township of Crophill 
Butler to a young man [Walter de Stanton I], in marriage with 
William's sister [Albreda], which Walter de Stanton holds [in 
1212]." And again : " Tain de Vilers I gave to [his son], Thomas 
.de. Yilers, the land of Kinoulton by military service . . . , 
whereof Robert de Vilers holds Kinoulton [in 1212] by the same 



103 TUB LANCASHIRE PIPE ROLLS. 

service." Robert de Vilers appears to have been son, or grandson 
of Alan de Vilers, another son of Pain I. 

The eijjht fees which William le Ik>teler of Warrington held 
of the Honor of Lancaster, liad descended to him from his father, 
Richard le Boteler, who bad acquired them by marriage with 
Beatrice, daughter and heiress of Matthew de Vilers, eldest son 
and heir of Pain de Vilers I. He answers in this Roll for a fine 
of 20 marks, but wby his mesne teuai.ts also contributed to this 
scutage, it does not appear. 

In Norfolk and Suffolk, William Rosc-cline answers for the fee, 
which in the l A John was in the hands of Geoffrey fitz Peter, for 
the heir of William Blundel. 

Roger de Moricux had replaced Matilda de Aubervill. He 
held the fee in Tborpe-Morieux of Ralph de Ardern, who held of 
the Honor of Lancaster. 

Adam de Cock field held the half fee in Waldingfield of the 
Earl Aubrey de Vere. (Lib. Rub. Smc. t pp. 181, 478.) 

The half fee which William son of Hervey held in Boxted does 
not appear to have paid scutage before this date. 

Ralph Eraser held one fee in Anston, co. York, which Ralph 
de Vernon possibly held in A John. 

Geoffrey Lutrcl answers for one knight's fee in Croxton 
Keriall, recently created out of the estates which the Porters of 
Lyons lately held there. 

William son of Simon now holds one knight's fee in Grimble- 
^horpe, Welton le Wold and Cadeby, of the Honor of Lancaster, 
which he held of Peter Malet, or which was formerly in the said 
Peter's hands, who held of the heirs of Trussebut. (Testa de 
Nevill, II., fuL8:*7.) 

The Charters relating to Childerditch, (?) co. Essex ; Alswick (?) 
and Essenden, co. Herts. ; and Green ford, co. Middlesex, were 
postscriptive entries, and have no reference to the Honor of 
Lancaster. 



MAG. EOT. PIP., 8 JOII1S (1205-120G). 

(Roll No. 52. m. 7.) 
Lantastm. 
G[ilbertus] filins Rcinfridi, Adam fdius Rogeri pro eo ut 
Custos r.c. de cc.li. de firma de Lancastra. In th'ro xxix.lL et 
iij.s. et iiij.d. 



roll of 8 johx (1205-1206). 199 

Et in terris Datis Willelmo de Valeines x.li. in Cofho. Et 
Willelmo filio Walkelini ix.li. in Stauenesbi. Et Nigello de 
Greseleia iiij.li. et xvj.s. in Drakelawe. Et Yictori de Wallin- 
goure lviij.s. Et Willelmo Marescallo xxxij.li. in Kartmel. Et 
Yeruerth de Hilton xxiiij.s. in terra de Penelton. Et Willelmo 
de Huntingefeld xv.li. in Mendham. Et Roberto Ruffo xiij.li. in 
Nauenesbi Et Comiti de Derebi x.li. quas vicecomes de Lancastra 
consuevit recipere, sicut continetur in Rotulo pnecedenti. Et 
Willelmo de Sancto Albino, Galfrido Lutrel viij.li. in Croxton in 

terra quae fuit Hugonis Janitoris. Et eidem x.m. in eadem villa 
de terra quae fuit Willelmi de Sancto Albino. Et in Defalta 
exitus forestre de Lancastra x.li. Et in villa de Lancastre xx.m. 
de quibus homines de Lancastra respondent infra. 

Et pro Judiciis et Justicia facienda xxiij.s. et iiij.d. Et in 
reparatione domorum Regis in castello de Lancastra as. per breve 
Regis. Et deb. xxiij.li. et xv.s. et iiij.d. Idem r.c. de eodem deb. 
In th'ro Nichil. Et Regi Insularuin xx.li. per breve Regis. Et 
in Quietantia terne R[ogeri] Constabularii Cestriae lxx.s. per 
breve Regis, et per inquisitionem. Et deb. v.s. et iiij.d. Idem 
r.c. de eodem deb. In th'ro liberavit. E. Q. E. 

G[ilbertus] filius Reinfridi r.c. de xlvj.s. de remanenti firma de 
dimidio anno prneterito. Et in prsedicta quietantia [terrae] R[ogeri] 
constabularii xlvj.s. E. Q. E. 

Idem G[ilbertus] r.c. de lxxiij.li. de proficuo Comitatus de hoc 
anno. In th'ro xl.li. et xvij.s. Et in superplusagio quod Ricardus 
de Vermin habet in Rotulo praecedenti lxix.s. Et deb. xxviij.li et 
xiiij.s. 

Ricardus de Vermin debet l.m. de cremento Comitatus facto 
per ipsum de dimidio anno prreterito. Sed recordatum est per 
G[alfridum] filium Petri quod non debent ab eo exigi, quia quando 
crementum illud factum fuit respondit sicut firmarius, et hoc 
dimidio anno sicut custos. 

Idem vicecomes r.c. de xxx.s. de cremento de Crossebi. Et de 
xx.s. de Cremento de Waleton. Et de dim. m r de Cremento de 
Wauertrie. Et de xiij.s. et viij.d. de cremento de Middelton. Et 
de v.s. de cremento de Pulton. Et de xx.s. de cremento de 
Bothelton. Et de dim. m. de Cremento Molencjini de Bothelton. 
Et de xl.s. de Cremento de Westderebi. Et de dim. m. de 
cremento de Fomebi. Et de x.s. de Cremento de Blakerode. In 
t}i ? ro liberavit in x tallii*. E. Q. K 

Jlomines de Lancastra [debent] xx»m de firma villse sua? 



200 THE LANCASHIRE PIPE ROLLS. 

Idem Vicecomes r.c. de l.s. do cremento de Hales. Et de x.s. 
do cremento de Boulton. In th'ro liberavit in ij talliis. 

E. Q. E. 

Idem Vicecomes r.c. de ij.s. de finna cujusdam domus in 
Lancastra de anno pneterito et hoc anno. In th'ro xij.d. Et 
deb. xij.d. 

Idem Vicecomes r.c. de xvj.s, de cremento de Euerton. Et 
de xlij.s. et ix.d. de cremento de Skerton. Et de lij.s. et vj.d. de 
cremento de Ouerton. In th'ro lib. in iij talliis. E. Q. E. 

Robertas de Tateshal deb. xxxviij.ll. et v.s. et x.d. de primo 
Scutagio assiso ad ij.ni., sed requircndus est in Lincollnesira. 

Ricardus do Vernun r,c. de x.li. et xj.s, et vj,d. de remanent! 
firma de anno iij°. In th'ro lib. E. Q. K 

Idem vicecomes r.c, de iiij.s. et iiij.d. de Ricardo Eeitun pro 
habenda saisina sicut continetur in Rotulo ij°. Et de xxj.s. et ij.d. 
de Arcturo de Eston sicut continetur ibidem. In th'ro lib. in ij 
talliis. E. Q. E. 

Teobaldus Walteri deb. dim. m. de sccundo Scutagio. 
Willelmus filius Willelmi deb. xx.s. de taillagio sicut continetur 
in Rotulo vj to . 

Willelmus de Radedive r.c. de xx.s. pro habonda saisina sicut 
continetur in Rotulo iiij". In th'ro dim. m. Et deb. j.m. 

Willelmus de Neuill r.c. de xx.s. de taillagio. In th'ro v.s. 
Et del), xv.s. 

Hugo Buissel deb. vj.m. pro eodem, Hugo le Xorreis deb. ij.m. 
de eodem. 

De iiij Scutayio. 

Willelmus filius Simonis r.c. de ix.s, et iiij.d. de eodem. In 
th'ro v.s, Et dqb. iiij.s. et iiij.d. 

Radulphus de Sancto Georgio r.c. de xvj,d. de eodem. In th'ro 
lib. E. Q. E. 

Hugo rortarius et mater Sarraceiue deb. xvij.s. de eodem. 
Robcrtus le Vauasur deb. iiij.m. et dim. de eodem. Robertus 
iilius Bernardi del), xvj.s. et viij.d. de line, sicut continetur in 
Rotulo v t0 , 

Ricardus de Vermin r.c. de viij.li. et v.s. de proficuo Comitatus 
de dimidio anno prajterito. In th'ro Nichil. Et in perdonis 
Roberto Gresleia vj.li. per breve Regis et per inquisitionem, de 
xij feodis Militum. Et in (juietancia Manerii de Hales xlvjs., 



KOLL OF 8 JOHN (1205-1206) 201 

per idem breve et per inquisitionem. Et habet de superplusagio 
xl.8. E. qTeT" 

Eicardus de Mida deb. viij m. et j palefridum pro habenda 
villa sicut continetur in Botulo v 10 . Teobaldus Walteri deb. vj.li. 
et ix.s. et vj.d. de pluribus debitis, sicut continetur ibidem. 

[torn] et PLlias r.c. de iiij.s. In th'ro ij.s. Et deb. ij.s. 

[Adam] de Otteleia r.c. de vj.m. et dim. de Scutagio v to . In 
th'ro. 

Gilebertusde Hastinges deb. iiij.m. de eodem. Hreres Eobeiti 
de Furnellis deb. xxxix.s. de eodem. Eadulphus de Sancto Georgio 
deb. j.m. de eodem. 

De OblatLs. 

Alina de Furnellis r.c. de lxx.s. et vij.d. pro habenda dote, sicut 
continetur in Itotulo vj to . In th'ro lib. E. Q. E. 

Eobertus films Bogeri deb, terciam partem de xj.m. et iiij.s. 
quos petit versus Itobertum de Preston. Warinus Banastre deb. 
cccc.m. ]>ro habenda teixa de Makefeld, sicut continetur in Itotulo 
pni'cedenti, 

Hugo Buissel et Robertas Buissel [debent] cc et xxvij.li. et v.s. 
et ij.d. pro habenda terra sicut continetur in Itotulo vj t0 . 

Adam filing Adie de Kellet r.c. de j.m. pro confirmatione, sicut 
continetur ibidem, In th'ro lib, E. Q. E. 

Eicardus de Mida deb. j palefridum et j ohascur sicut continetur 
ibidem. 

Eobertus Druerie r.c. de iij.m. pro habenda inquisitione. In 
th'ro dim, m. Et deb. ij.m. et dim. 

Willelmus do Whinewic r,c. de xiij.d. pro eodem. In th'ro lib. 

E. Q. E. 

Gilebertus filius Eeinfridi deb. v palefridos pro habenda con- 
firmatione Eegis, sicut continetur ibidem. Eobertus Buissel deb, 
cm. pro habenda inquisitione, 

Homines Comitatus Lancastrae r.c. de cm. ut Eicardus de 
Vernun sit Vicecomes eorum. In th'ro xiiij.li, et vj.s, et iiij.d. 
Et deb. lij.li. et vij.s. 

Magister Matha>us Medicus [debet] x.m. ut Jurata capiatur 
sicut continetur in Itotulo prjecedenti. 

Eobertus filius Galfridi r.c. de dim, m. pro habendo praecipe, 
sicut continetur ibidem. In th'ro lib, E. Q. E. 

Eicardus de Vernun r.c. deb. xl.m. et j palefridum sicut eott 

tinetur ibidem. In th'ro lib. in j talli$, E. Q. E. 



202 THE LANCASHIRE PIPE ROLLS. 

De vj Scutagio. 

Willelmu3 filius Benedicti Gernet r.c. de xviij.s. de eodem. 
In th'ro ix.s. Et deb. ix.s. 

AVillelmus de Vilariis r.c. de dim. m. de eodem. In th'ro iiij.s. 
Et deb. ij.s. et viij.d. 

Comes liogerus deb. ij.m. Adam de Ottelega deb. dim. m. 
Willelmus Esturmi deb. dim. m. Gilebertus de Hastinges deb. ij.m. 
Kobertus Bertram deb. ij.m. Robertus de Harestan deb. ij.m. 
Henricus Falcouarius deb. ij.m. Sed inde quietus est per fineni de 
x.m. in Bukinghamsira in anno prjeterito. 

Hugo Buissel et Robertus Buissel deb. viij.s. Radulphus 
Frasier deb. ij.m. 

Ranulphus de Gameleston r.c. de xxxvj.s. et viij.d. de eodem. 
In th'ro ij.m. Et deb. x.s. 

Eobertus de Furnellis et Radulphus de Sancto Georgio deb. j.m. 

Aduocatus de Betun r.c. de j.m. de eodem. In th'ro lib. 

E. Q, R 

Tatflayium factum per JRuberlum de Vctcri Ponte et sorios svm. 

Idem vicecomes r.c. de dim. m. de Toma pneposito de Sauford. 
Et de ij.m. de Burton. Et de xxix.s. et viij.d. de Ordeshal. Et de 
xix.s. et iiij.d. de Flixton. Et de xviij.s. et iiij.d. de Bothelton. 
Et de xxj.s. de Neweton. Et de c et vij.s. et viij.d. de Derbi. Et de 
p et iij.s. de Hales. Et de xlij.s. de Waleton. Et de Ixviijs. et iiij.d. 
tl$ Euerton. Et de xiij.s. de Wavertrie. Et de xvij.s. de medietate 
de Forneln. Et de xvij.s. de Hamelton. Et de dim. m. de Gamello 
filiq Selaye. Et de viij.li. et xx.d. de Crossebi. Et de xlvij.8. de 
Boltoi;. Et de xviij.s. de Sline. Et de xxxix.s. de Skerton. Et 
de xvij.s. de Ouerton. Et de x.li. et iiij.s. de Preston. Et de xxj.s. 
et viij.d. de Whiteton. Et de xij.s. de Boutecliue. 1 Et de xxvj.s. 
de tallagio de Treueles. Et de xLs. de tallagio de Brocton. Et 
de xlvij.s. et viij.d. de Singelton. In th'ro lib. in xxv talliis. 

E. Q. E. 

Yillata de J^ancastra r.c. de vij.li. et v.s. et iiijd. In th'ro vj.li. 
et xij.s. et viij.d. Et deb. xij.s. et viij.d. 

Ammerciamcnta facta per eosdem. 
Idem vicecomes r.c. de iiij.li. et dim. m. de Amerciamentis 
Hominum quorum nomina et debita annotantur in Rotulo quern 
praedicti liberaverunt in thesauro. In th'ro lib. in xij talliis. 

E. Q. E. 

1 Sic, read Bouteclive. 



roll of 8 john (1205-1206). 203 

Adam de Waleton r.c. de dim. m. In th'ro v.s. et iij.d. Et 
deb. xvij.d. 

Petni8 filius Bobeili deb. dim. ra. quia non est secutus. 
Willelmus de Badecliue deb. dim. m. pro eodem. 

Robertas Greslei r.c. de Ix.m. pro disseisina facta Osberto de 
Wilauesham per Regem. In tli'ro Nichil. Et in perdonis ipsi 
Koberto xxx.m. per breve Regis. Et deb. xxx.m. 

Nova Oblata. 

Hugo de More ton deb. x.m. et j palefridum pro habenda filia 
Ricardi filii Eogeri. 

Henricu8 de Stratford 1 r.c. de xl.s. pro Relevio suo de dimidia 
Carrucatae teme cum pertinentiis in Staflbrd. 1 In tli'ro xx.s. Et 
deb. xx.s. 

Adam filius Adae deb. xxv.m. et j palefridum pro habendo 
maritagio Alicise filial et lueredis Galfridi de Gressingham cum tota 
haereditate ipsius Alicia ad opus fratris sui. De quibus H[enricus] 
de Neuill deb. respondere sicut continetur in originali. 

Philippus de Stradlega deb. x.m. et j palefridum et j falconem 
pro habenda in uxore postnata filia Ricardi filii Rogeri. 

Willelmus filius Ricardi r.c. de j.m. pro habendo quodam 
praecipe. In th'ro lib. E. Q. E. 

Matilda Banastre r.c. de xx.m. et j palefridum quod non 
distringatur ad se maritandam et pro habenda rationabili parto 
sua de terra quae fuit Ricardi filii Rogeri. In th'ro xx.m. et v.m, 
pro palefrido. In j talea. E. Q. E. 

Willelmus de Mullum et Amicia vsar ejus r.c. de xx.m. pro 
habenda rationabili parte sua de terra qua? fuit Ricardi filii Rogeri 
patris ipsius Amiciae. In tli'ro lib. E. Q. S. 

Tomas de Buthum et Amira vxor eius r.c. de xl.m. pro 
habenda rationabili parte sua de terra qute fuit Ricardi filii Rogeri. 
In th'ro lib. E. Q. E. 

Hugo de Matton et Oliuerus filius Nigelli et Ricardus filius 
Svani r.c. de xx.m. et j palefiido pro habendis xij bovatis teme 
cum pertinentiis in Gunanesarg, quas Robertas filius Bcrnardi, 
cujus filias et haeredes ipsi habent in vxore, de Bege tenuit. In 
th'ro ix.li. et ix.s. et vj.d. Et deb. lxxvij.s. et ij.d. et j palefridum. 

Adam filius Boberti de Prestwic r.c. de v.m. pro habenda terra 
quam pater suus de Bege tenuit. In th'ro ij.m. Et deb. iij.in. 

1 &ic, read Traflcrd. 



204 TIIE LANCASHIRE PIPE ROLLS. 

Cecilia quas fuit vxor Beiiedicti Gernet r.c. de as. pro 
habenda rational>ili dote sua de libero tenemento quod fuit 
Beiiedicti quondam viri sui. In th'i o lib. E. Q. E. 

Ilenricus de Bademan r.c. de xl.in. pro habenda custodia terne 
et Inerede Bogcri de Heton, et pro habendo maritagio ejusdeui 
hacredis ad opus fili<e sine. Iu tli'ro x.li. Et deb. xxv.m. 

Abbas de Furrudlis deb. cam. et ij palefridos ut sit quietus de 
Misericordia T) marcaruni unde anierciatus fuit per Begem, de foresta. 
De quibus H. de Xeuill debet respondere, sicut recognovit per 
breve suum. 

Ilenricus de Waleton r.c. de v.m. pro habenda serianteria sua. 
In th'ro iiij.m, Et deb. j.m. 

Gerardus de Claiton r.c. de x.m. pro eodeui. In th'ro vj.m. et 
dim. Et deb. iij.in. et dim. 

Ely as de Penlebire r.c, do x.m. pro eodem In th'ro viij.m. 
Et deb. xxiij.s. et iiij.d. (trie). 

Bicardus filius Vctrcdi r.c. de v.m. pro eodem. In th'ro lib. 

E. Q. E. 

Yeruorth de Hilton r.c. de xx.m. pro eodem. In tli'ro as. Et 
deb. xiij.m. et dim. 

Robertas de Einouesdal deb. xx.s. pro habenda custodia nepotis 
sui et terrae sine. 

Fines et Scvtagia Militvm dc rij° Scvtayio 

asxisa ad ,r,r..<?. 

Idem vicecomes r.c. de iij.m. de Ricardo de Furnellis de fine. 
Et de iij.m. de Galfrido Monacho de eodem. Et de iij.m. de 
Roberto filio Willelmi. Et de iij.m. de Priore de Grimesbi. Et 
de dim. m. de Roberto h'lio Gille Michel. Et de dim. m. de hatred e 
Galiridi de Gressingham. Et de j.m. de Henrico de Kellet. Et de 
j.m. de Matilda fdia Vctredi. Et de xx.s. de AVillelmo del Hest. 
Et de xx.s. de Gileberto de Croft. Et de xx.s. de Waltero de 
Paries. Et de dim. m. de hterede Mathei Gernet. Et de iiij.m, de 
Roberto filio Osberti. Et de j.m. de Adam de Gahersteng. 1 Et 
de dim. in. de Ricardo dc Smededon. Et de ij m. de Ricardo Bolde. 
Et de dim. in. de Ricardo iilio Martini. Et de xl.s. de Ricardo 
filio Roberti. Et de j.m. de Henrico de Hoilande. Et de dim. m. 
de Ricardo Preeposito. Et de j.m. de Henrico de Kerdefn]. Et do 
dim. in. de Johanne de Middelton. Et de xx.s. de Aluredo de Ynes. 
Et de iij.m. de Petro de Burahull. Et de dim. in. de Adam de 

1 Sic, read Qaraton. 



koll of 8 joiix (1205-1206). 205 

Billiug. Et de x.s. de Ricardo de Orhille. Et de xx.s. de Alano 
filio Alani. Et de xx.s. de Rogero de Middelton. Et de dim. m. 
de .Roberto de Prestewio. Et de j.m. de Willelmo de Radecliue. 
Et de x.s. de Alano 1 de Pilketon. Et de xx.s. de Hugone Norrensi. 
Et de j.m. de Gileberto de Nottun. Et de dim. m. de Henrico 
filio Galfridi. Et de dim. m. de Matlueo de Redich. Et de x.s. 
de Willelmo filio Willelmi. Et de dim. m. de hreredc Ricardi de 
Clifton. Et de xx.s. de hoerede Eoberti filii Bernardi. Et de j.m. 
de Petro de Stalmin. Et de ij.m. de Willelmo de Winewich. Et 
de dim. m. de Elya filio Rogeri. Et de x.s. de luvrede Arcturi de 
Eston. Et de dim. m» de hierede Henrici de Ribleton. Et de dim. 
m. de Svano de Huddeshal. Et de x.m. de ha-rede Willelmi de 
Furnellis. Et de dim. m. de Gospatriz de Cherleton. Et de v.m. 
de Willelmo Gerneti Et de dim. [m.] de Siwardo de Middelton. 

In th'ro lib. in xlviij talliis. E. Q. E. 

Radulphus de Sancto Georgio r.c. de xx.s. In th'ro x.s. Et 
deb» x.s. 

Adam de Yseni r.c. de xx.s. In th'ro x.s, Et deb. x.s. 

Walterus filius Osberti r.c. de v.m. In th'ro lvj.s. et viij.d. Et 
deb. x.s. 

Willelmus Esturmi r.c. de v.m. In th'ro xxv.s. et vj.d. Et 
deb. xlj.s. et ij.d. 

Galfridus Carbunel deb. j.m. de fine* Hugo Malet deb. v.m. 
de eodem. Willelmus filius Siinonis deb. ij.m. Willelmus de 
Greselega deb. xl.s. de serianteria. Rogerus de Vnstanesle deb. dim. 
m. Willelmus de Neuill deb. v.m. Alanus de Bixton 2 deb. dim. m. 
Rogerus de Muriels deb. iij.m. Haires Willelmi de Valoines deb. 
xx.8. Adam de Kokefeld deb. xx.s. Willelmus filius Heruei deb. 

XX.S. 

Idem Vicecomes r.c. de xx.s. de Ricardo de Mulinals. Et de 
ij.m. de Haerede Ricardi filii Rogeri. Et de dim. m. de Yeruerth 
de Hilton. Et de dim. m. de Adam de Middelton. Et de dim. m. 
de Mathjeo de Mereton. Et de dim. m. de Toma Gernet. Et de 
j.m. de Henrico de Lee. Et de j.m. do Johanne de Turoldesholm. 
Et de dim. m. de Hugone de Oxecliue. Et de dim. m. de Radulpho 
de Bolerun. Et de dim. m. de Johanne de Ouerton. Et de dim. 
m. de Willot de Makifeld. Et de dim. m, de Willelmo de Neweton. 
Et de v.m. de Adam filio Orm. Et de dim. m. de Ricardo filio 
VctredL Et de dim. m. de Henrico de Waleton. Et de j.m. de 

1 Sic, read Alexandra. 2 Sic, read Biiton. 



206 THE LANCASHIRE PirE ROLLS 

Henrico de Penesbire. Et de iij.m. de Micaele de Malniuers. In 
th'ro lib. in xviij talliis. EQ.K 

Adam de Lauton et Tuma de Goldeburc r.c. de xx.s. In th'ro 
j.m. Et deb. dim. m. 

Adam de Otteleia r.c. de iiij.m. In th'ro xx.s. Et deb. ij.m. et 
dim. Idem r.c. de eodem deb. In th'ro xx.s. Et deb. j.m. 

Willelmus filius Roscelini r.c. de v. in. In th'ro xx.s. Et deb. 
iij.m. et dim. 

Compotus tcrrarum TeobaMi WaltcrL 
Idem Vicecomes r.c de xxix.li. et x.s. et iiij.d. de firma de 
"Wapentaehii de Agnmndernes de hoc anno. Et de iiij.Ii. do 
perquisitionibus ejusdem Wapentaehii. Et de xix.li. et xij.d. de 
lirma dominiorum pnedicti Teobaldi. Et de xj.li. et vj.s. et viij.d. 
de Exitibus praedictarum terraruni. Summa lxiij.li. et xviij.s. In 
th'ro lib. in iiij talliis. E. Q. E. 

Idem Vicecomes r.c. de lxx.s. de blado de Wauertrie et Waleton 
et Fornebi terraruni Henrici de Waleton uendito. In th'ro lib. in 
iij talliis. E. Q. E. 

Idem Vicecomes r.c. de xxxv.s. de firma de Fretham quae fuit 
lioberti Bertram. In th'ro lib. E. Q.E. 



NOTES ON THE PIPE ROLL OF 8 JOHN (MICH. 1205-MICH. 1206). 

Tn the account of the Corpus Comitatus the Sheriff claims 
allowance for 23«. 4d. for expenses arising from the visit of the 
Justices of Assize to Lancaster, in giving judgment and executing 
justice ; for 100s. spent in the repair of the King's lodgings at 
l^aneaster. Probably this expense was occasioned by the royal 
visit to Lancaster in Feb. 1200. 

JSy letters close dated at Lambeth, 28th April, 1206, the King 
sent wurd to the Sheriff of Lancaster to cause thirty markates of 
land to be assigned to Reginald, King of Man, within the Honor, 
which he had granted to hiin in accordance with an agreement made 
between them, for his homage and service, and further to certify 
the King as to the details and locality of the estate so assigned. 
Accordingly in his account the Sheriff claims allowance for twenty 
lihrates, but we are not told where the estates lay, and probably 
the grant was merely a charge upon the ferm of the county. (Close 
Holly 7 John, in. 1.) 

As the result of an inquiry, Roger, Constable of Chester 
obtained the King's writ acquitting him of 70& yearly, which had 



ROLL OF 8 JOHN (1 205-1 20C). 207 

been claimed from him for some estate, probably Penworthani, 
but of which no particulars are given. 

An entry in this Roll informs us that Richard de Vernon had 
been farming the issues of the Honor until Mich. 1205. But 
during the last six months of his Shrievalty, which terminated at 
Easter, 1206, he had officiated as Warden or Steward. In that 
capacity Gilbert fitz Reinfred accounted during the present year 
for £73 received as profit of the county. This would include the 
issues of escheated estates, or those of which the King had the 
wardship, and any casual profits. He claims allowance for 69s. 
overpaid the previous year by his predecessor in office. 

Tallagium factum per R. de Veteri Ponte. — This year the 
King took a tallage from his demesne lands, including the two 
boroughs of Preston and Lancaster, from various estates formerly 
royal demesne, now held by serjeanly or in fee farm, and from all 
estates which happened to be in his hands by reason of the heirs 
being under age and in ward, as for instance the demesne lands 
of Theobald Walter's fee of Weeton. The tallage was probably a 
correlative of the seventh scutage of John, and was assessed by 
Robert de Vipont and his associates, as part of the usual business 
of Assize. 

Amerciamenta. — Assizes were held at Lancaster on or about 
25th Sept. 1205, the Justices being Simon de Patshull, James de 
Poterne and Richard de Mucegros. They had imposed amerce- 
ments in a dozen cases amounting in the whole to £4 6s. 8d., 
details of which were recorded in a roll which they had delivered 
to the Treasury. Adam de Walton, Peter de Stalmine, son of 
Robert, and William de Radcliffe each owed J mark for non-suits. 
An agreement between Peter de Stalmine and William, Abbot of 
Leicester respecting two oxg. of land in Cockerham, is preserved 
among the Feet of Fines, co. Lane. No. 41. 

Robert Grelley held a knight's fee in Willisham, co. Suffolk, 
in chief of the King. In connection with the marriage of one of his 
sisters, he had disseised his under tenant Osbert de Willisham, 
who however recovered this fee by an assize of novel disseisin, 
and the King seizing upon the opportunity of punishing the 
disseisor, had amerced Robert Grelley 60 marks. The King 
afterwards thought better of it, and sent word to the Barons 
of the Exchequer, by letters close dated from Stourminster, the 
3rd February, 1207, to acquit him of 30 m. and give him respite 
as to the remainiug 30 m. during the King's pleasure. Afterwards 



208 THE LANCASHIRE PIPE ROLLS. 

the balance of the amercement was remitted. {Close Roll, 7 John) 
m. 3 ; 9 John, m. 5.) 

Nova oblata. — Hugh cle Morton proffered 10 marks and a 
palfrey for licence to marry Margaret, the eldest of the three 
unmarried daughters and heiresses of Richard, son of Roger of 
Woodplumpton, and to have her purparty. 

Henry de Traffurd proffered 40s. for relief of half a carucate of 
land with appurtenances in Traffurd ; an exorbitant fine for a 
small estate held by a fee farm rent of only vs. per annum. 

Adam, son of Adam de Kellet proffered 25 m. and a palfrey 
for licence to marry Alice, daughter and heir of Geoffrey de 
Gressingham, to his brother, and for the estate which she held of 
the King in Gressingham, consisting of 6 oxgangs of land, viz. 
4 oxg. in demesne and 2 oxg. in service. The King thereupon 
sent word to Hugh de Nevill, the Forest Justice, to take security 
for payment, and deliver seisin. Payment was to be made to the 
Forest Exchequer and not to the Exchequer in London. (Fine 
lloll, 7 John, m. 10.) 

Philip de Strelley proffered 10 m., a palfrey and a falcon, for 
licence to marry the youngest daughter of Richard, son of Roger. 
This was probably Queuild, as to uhosc marriage there was a 
dispute between the King and the Earl of Chester. She held of 
the King in fee farm, but of the Earl by military service. (Testa, 
II. fol. 804.) Next year however, she gave 60 m. and two 
palfreys to be allowed to marry whom she would, and for her 
share of the inheritance which fell to her from her father, and 
from Margaret Kauastrc, her mother. Eventually she married 
Koger Gernet of Halton, Chief Forester of Lancaster. 

William, son of Kichard of Foul ton (i) proffered 1 m. for a 
"praecipe quod reddat" against Adam, the Dean of Kirkham, for 
possession of the land which Adam had received with the wardship 
of the said William (pp. 48, 158). 

Kobert de Stockport died before Mich. 1206, whereupon 
Matilda his widow, who had assumed her mother's name of 
Pianastre, proffered 20 m. and a palfrey that she might not be con- 
strained to marry against her will, but with the King's licence and 
consent in case she wished to marry, and for her purparty of the 
estates of her father Richard, son of Koger, and of her mother 
Margaret Kanastre, with esnecy. These estates lieing in the 
King's hands, the Sheriff of Lancaster was directed to take security 
for payment of the fine, and to grant her seisin ; the Sheriff of 



koll of 8 joiix (120.J-120G). 200 

Leicester was likewise directed to give her seisin of land in 
Appleby lying in his bailiwick. (Fine Roll, 7 John, m. 4.) 

In like manner William de Milium and Avice his wife, 
another co-parcener, and Thomas de Beetham and Amuria his. 
wile, also a co-parcener, made fine by 20 m. and 40 m. respectively, 
for their share of the inheritance. 

ltobert, son of Bernard, son of Ailsi, thane of Goosnargh, died 
before Mich. 1206. Accordingly Hugh de Mitton, Oliver son of 
Nigel de Longford, and Richard de Catterall, son of Swain, 
proffer 20 m. and a palfrey to be put, in seisin of 12 oxg. of land 
in Goosnargh, held of the King in thaiiage, which was the 
inheritance of the three daughters of the said Robert, whom they 
had respectively married. The Sheriff was directed to deliver seisin. 

Adam de Prestwich proffers 5 m. for his relief, and for seisin 
of the land which was in the King's hands by reason of the 
decease of his father Robert de Prestwich (page 157). 

Benedict Gernet died before Mich. 1200. He had succeeded 
to the Chief Forestership after the death of his lather, Adam 
Gernet, temp. Henry II. That sovereign granted to him the 
privilege of being sued for any tenement which he held in his 
demesne, only before the King or the Chief Justiciar. This 
King John confirmed, by charter which passed at Fakenham, 
8th Nov. 1200, and in addition took him into his protection 
with all his belongings, describing him as "our Forester," and 
ordered the Justices and others to safeguard his property as they 
would the King's own demesne. (Charter Roll, 1 John, m. 21.) 
His widow Cecily was the daughter of Roger de Hut ton (Coder- 
mnd Chart ulary, p. 107, n). She proffers 100,?. for the King's 
letters to put her in seisin of her reasonable dower in her late 
husband's free tenement, i.e. the Forest Fee. William Gernet 
fined for his relief the following year. 

Henry de Redman proffered 40 m. for the wardship of Roger, 
son and heir of Roger de Heaton, lately deceased (1204), and for 
licence to marry the heir to his daughter. The estate was Bourn 
Hall in Thornton, and lands in Weesham (page 186). 

The Abbot of Furness had been amerced in the sum' of 
500 m. for an offence against the Forest, 1 the nature of which 

1 The Fine Boll entry differs from that in the Pipe Roll "ut 

quietus sit de misericordia quingentarum m. unde amerciatus fuit per os Regis pro 
foresta." He had been amerced at the King's expense, for an offence against the 
Forest. 

P 



210 THE LA NC ASH IRK PIPE KOLLS. 

we can only surmise. The King afterwards pardoned 300 m. 
of this exorbitant amercement, and the Abbot proffered two 
palfreys in consideration of this remission. (Annates Fames. 
page 171.) 

Henry de Walton, Gerold de Clayton, Elias de Pendlebury, 
Richard de Singleton, son of Tghtied, and Jorwerth de Hulton, 
all held serjeanties in the county. The composition by fine for 
the King's confirmation of their respective estates and offices was 
an act of extortion. 

Koliert de Ainsdale owed 20s. for the wardship of his nephew, 
and the custody of his estate, presumably in Uarston. 

Fines et Scutagia Militum. — The seventh scutage of King 
John was levied at the rate of 20s. per fee. The tallage of the 
tenants in thanage, drengage, fee farm and by serjeanty wdB 
correlative to this scutage. The following names have not 
occurred in the previous tallages taken in the 4th and 6th 
vears : — 

Matilda, daughter of Ughtrcd, son of Huck, 1 m. ; 1 car. in 
Stainall in thanage. 

Uichard, sou of Koliert de Lathom, 40s. ; 3 car. in Lathom iu 
thanage by 20*. 

Henry de Cuerden, 1 m. ; described as " de Kerdel" in the 5th 
scutage (page 184). This is Henry, son of Aiiot, who received 
2 car. here from his brother Siward, who had been enfeoffed by 
Kobert Molyneux in frank marriage with his (Robert's) sister. 
(Testa, II. fol. 811.) He held by military service. 

Alan, son of Alan de Windlc, 20s. He held 2 car. in 
remberton, in thanage by 20s. aud the service of a Judge, which 
Adam de Pemberton held under him; 1 car. in Windle by 
military service, under Kobert de Vilars, who held of William 
le Roteler of Warrington ; and an estate in Skelmersdale and 
Syfrethley, tenure unknown. 

Matthew de Redditeh, % m. ; 1 car. in Reddish in thanage by 
Gs., which he held of linger, son of William. 

William, son of William, 10s.; 12 oxg. in Eivington in thanage 
by 24s. 

Kobert, the heir of Richard de Clifton, \ m. ; 4 oxg. in Clifton, 
par. of Eccles, in fee farm by 8s. 

The heirs of Robert, son of Bernard, 20s. (page 209). 

Peter de Stahnine, 1 in. ; 3 car. in Stalmine and Stainall, in 
thanage bv 10s. 



ROLL OF 8 JOHN (1205-1206). 211 

William de Winwick, 2 in. ; 5 car. in Thornton in Amouiider- 
ness, in thanage by 20s. 

Elias, son of Koger de Hutton, £ m. ; 1 car. in Greenhalgh, in 
thanage by 65. 

Richard, son and heir of Arthur de Ashton, 10s. ; 1 car. in 
Ash ton near Preston, in fee farm by 10$. 

The heir of Henry de Kibbleton, £ m. (page 141). 

Swain de Hothersall, £ in. ; 2 oxg. in Hothersall, in fee farm 
by 5s. 

William Gernet, 5 m. ; for the Forest Fee. 

Adam de Yseni, 20.$. ; probably for scutage on 5 car. in 
Whittington in Lonsdale, which he afterwards gave to Gilbert fitz 
Keinfred. 

Walter, son of Osbert de Clifton, 5 m.; 10 car. in Clifton, 
Sal wick, Field-plumpton, etc., in thanage by 40s. 

William de Gresley of Drakelow, 40<s. (page 21). 

Eoger de Winstanley, £ in.; 1£ oxg. in Winstanley, which he 
held of Adam de Billinge to acquit" him of the service of a judge- 
ship. 

Matthew de Marton, £ m. ; Martin Hall, held of Eobert de 
Lathom, who held by military service. 

John de Overton, £ m.; was probably reeve of the royal demesne 
in Overton. 

Willot de Makifeld, J m., previously described as "de Newton"; 
probably reeve of Newton in Makerfield. 

William de Neweton, £ m. ; probably held a serjeanty in Newton 
in Makerfield. 

Richard de Singleton, son of Ughtred, £ m. ; £ car. in Singleton, 
by serjeanty to be Bailiff of Amounderness. 

Henry de Peudlebury, 1 in. ; an estate in Shoresworth, held of 
his uncle Elias de Pendlebury (pp. 122, 157). 

Compotus TEKRAttUM. — King John restored Amounderness to 
Theobald Walter soon after the forfeiture, which appears. to have 
occurred in the 2nd year 1 (page 120). The following is the 

1 The following sworn statement was made by a jury at an inquest held at 
Lancaster on the morrow of St. Matthew the Apostle, 37 Henry III, in pursuance 
of a writ directed to the Sheriff to make inquiry touching the Manor of 
Broughton ; dated at Windsor, 20th January, the same year. " Qui jurati dicunt 

quod dominus rex Johannes cepit terrain illam (Brocton) in 

manum suam ante mortem ipsiuB Theobaldi occasione plurimarum transgressionum 
quae fecit in Aumundernes, eo quod cepit vi et in juste terras Eoberti filii 

T 2 



212 THE LAXCASHIliK PIPE ROLLS. 

Kind's writ directing that restoration should be nimU 1 : "John, by 
the grace of Go J, etc, to Geoffrey titz Peter, etc. We command 
you to render seisin to our beloved and faithful Theobald Walter, 
of the whole land of Anmndreness in its entirety, with all the 
appurtenances, together with the com, as he had it when we 
disseised him thereof. Witness myself, at Doui front (in Nor- 
nuuuli/), 2nd January, [1202]. (Liberate Evil, 3 John, m. 2.) The 
ferin of the Wapentake was a standing revenue amounting yearly 
to £29 9.s. -W., of which sum £lo represented the old and new 
term of the borough of Preston. The perquisites or small fines of 
the Wapentake Court amounted to £4. The standing rents of the 
free tenants amounted to £19 Is. The issues of the demesne 
cultivated bv villeins amounted to £11 6s. 8d. Total £63 18«. 
111 comparing this account with the estimated ferm of Amounder- 
ness in 1190, given on page 82, it must be borne in mind that the 
present account also includes the liut-ler fee of Witheton (Weeton) 
and Itawcliffc. After the death of Theobald's grandson in 1249, 
the annual income of the whole Butler fee in Amounderness 
only amounted to something under £50, according to an extent 
then made. Probably the terms of King John's restoration of the 
Wapentake to Theobald, provided that he should hold it for life 
only. 

Henry de Walton's estate in Wavertree, Walton and Formby 
was in the King's hands during the year. The corn crop realized 
70*. The reason for this seizure does not appear. It was restored 
before 1212. 

Hubert Bertram had been dispossessed of Frettenham when 
King John seized the possessions of the Normans in England (note, 
page 182). It was given to Uoger le Poer, and by letters close, 
dated at Windsor, 19th March 1206, Gilbert fitz Itcinfred was 
directed to give seisin to his man John, Koger himself being 
engaged in the King's service. (Close Roll, 7 John, m. 1 ; 8 John, 
m. 6.; 



Bernardi, Walteri filii Osberti, Willelmi filii Swany et aliorum proborum liaminnm 
do A um underlies, qui de dieto Theobaldo domino re pi conqua'siti f uerunt de hiis 
injuriis ct aliis, [et] dominus rex disscisivit cum de omnibu* ten id sui*. Dicunt 
etiani quod ration e die tie cupcionis non est escaetu, nee alio modo." kc. (Etvaela, 
37 Hen. III., No. 1C.) 



iioll of 9 john (1206-1207). 213 

MAG. ROT. PIP., 9 JOH'IS (1206-1207). 
(Roll No. 53. m. 15, cLrr&o.) 

Lancastra. 

Gilbertus filius Reinfridi, Adam filius Rogeri pro eo ut custos 
r.c. de cc.li. de firma de l^ancastra. In th'ix* xlix.li et xij*s. 

Et in terris datis Willelmo de Valeines x.li. in Cofho. Et 
Willelino filio Walkelini ix.li. in Stauenesbi. Et Nigello de 
Greseleia iiij.li. et xvj.s. in Drakelawe. Et Victori de Wallingoure 
lviij.s. Et Willelino Marescallo xxxij.li. in Kartmel. Et Yeruerht 
de Hilton xxiiij.s. in terrade Penelton. Et Willelmo de Huntinge- 
feld xv.li. in Mendham. Et Robert Rutfo xiij.li. in Naueneshi. 
Et Comiti de Derebi x.li. sicut coutinetur in Rotulo vij°. Et 
Galfrido Lutrel xiij.li. in Croxton in terra quae fuit Hugonis 
Janitoris. Et eidem x.m. in eadem villa de terra quae fuit Willelmi 
de Sancto Albino. Et in Defalta exitus foresee de Lancastra x.li. 
Et in villa de Lancastra xx.m. de quibus homines de Lancastra 
respondent infra. Et in Quietantia terras Rogeri constabularii 
Cestria3 lxx.s. sicut coutinetur in Rotulo pnecedenti. 

Et in Operatione castelli de Lancastra c.s. per breve Regis. Et 
pro Judiciis et Justicia facienda xx.s. E. Q. E. 

Idem viceeomes r.c. de xxviij.li. et xiiij.s. de proficuo Comi- 
tatus de anuo praterito. In th'ro xxj.li. et x.s. Et deb. vij.li. et 

• » • • 

111J.8. 

Idem Viceeomes r.c. de vij.li. et viij.s. de Crementis Villarum 
qure annotantur in Rotulo pracedenti. In th'ro lib. in xx talliis. 

E. Q. E. 

Idem Viccoomes r.c. de 1.8. de Cremento de Hales. Et de x.s. 
de cremento de Rolton. In th'ro lib. in ij talliis. E. Q. E. 

Homines de lancastra r.c. de xx.m. de firma vilke suas de anno 
praeterito. Et de xx.m. de hoc anno. In th'ro lib. in ij talliis. 

E. Q. E. 

Idem viceeomes r.c. de xij.d. de firma cujusdam domus in Lan- 
castra de anno praeterito. Et de xij.d. de hoc anno. In th'ro lib. 

E. Q. E. 

Idem viceeomes r.c. de xvj.s. de Cremento de Euerton. Et 
de xlij.s. et ix.d. de cremento de Skerton. Et de lij.s. et vj.d. de 
cremento de Ouerton. In tlfro lib. in iij talliis. E. Q. E. 

Theobaldus Walteri deb. dim. m. de secundo Scutagio. Willel- 
mus filius Willelmi deb. xx.s. de taillagio. Willclmus de Neuill 
deb. xv.8. de taillagio. Hugo Buissel deb. vj.m. de eodem. 



214 THE LANCASHIRE PIPE ROLLS. 

Willelmus tie Kadecliue r.c. de j.m. pro habenda saisina sicut 
continetur in Kotulo iiij\ In th'ro lib. E. Q. E. 

Hugo lc Xorreis deb. ij.m. do pnedicto taillagio. 

De iiij Scuiayio. 

Willelmus filius Simonis deb. iiij.s. et iiij.d. de eodem. Robertas 
le Vauasur deb. iiij.m. et dim. de eodem. Kicardus de Mida deb. 
viij.m. et j palefriduni pro habenda villa, sicut continetur in 
Kotulo v to . Teobaldus Walteri deb. vj.li. et ix.s. et vj.d. de pluri- 
bus debitis, sicut continetur ibidem. 

Adam de Otteleia [debet] vj.ra. et dim. de v l0 . Scutagio. 
Gilebertus de Hastinges deb. iiij.m. de eodem. Sed inde quietus 
est per inquisitionem, quia nichil tenet tie Rege. 

] tores Koberti de Furnellis r.c. de xxxix.s. de eodem. In 
th'ro xx.s. Et deb. xix.s. Idem r.c. de eodem deb. In th'ro j.m. 
Et deb. vj.s. et viij.d. 

Kadulphus de Sancto Georgio r.c. de j.m. de eoilem. In th'ro 
x.s. Et deb. xl.d Idem r.c. de eodem deb. In th'ro lib. 

E. Q. E. 

Be Oblatis. 

Hugo Ruissel et Rohertus Ruissel deb. cc et xxvij.li. et v.s. et 
ij.d. sicut continetur in Kotulo vj t0 . Kicardus de Mida deb. j pale- 
fridum et j chascur sicut continetur ibidem. Gilbertus filius 
Keinfridi deb. v palcfridos pro habenda contirmatione sicut con- 
tinetur ibidem. Kobcrtus Ruissel deb. am. pro habenda inquisi- 
tione. 

Homines de Lancastne Comitatu r.c. de lij.li. et vij.s. ut 
Kicardus tie Vernun sit vicccomes eorum. In tli'ro xx.li. Et deb. 
xxxij.li. et vij.s. 

Magi.ster Mathmuis Medicus r.c. de x,m. ut J u rata capiatur sicut 
continetur ibidem. In tli'ro lib. E. Q. E. 

Willelmus lilius Renedicti U cruet r.c. de ix.s. de vj t0 Scutagio. 
In th'ro lil>. E. Q. E. 

Willelmus Vilariis r.c. de ij.s. et viij.d. de eodem. In th'ro lib. 

tj. Q. E. 

Comes Rogerus deb. ij.m. de eodem. Adam de Otteleia deb. 
dim. in. Willelmus Estunni deb. dim. m. de eodem. Gilebertus 
de Hastinges deb. ij.m., sed inde quietus est sicut supra continetur. 
Rol>ertus Bertram deb. ij.m. de eodem. Hugo Ruissel et Robertus 
Ruissel deb. viij.s. Kadulphus Frasier deb. ij.m. de eodem. Ranul- 



ROLL OF 9 JOHN (1206-1207). 215 

plius de Gameleston deb. x.s. de eodem. Ilobertus de Harestan r.c. 
de ij.m. de eodem. In th'ro dim. m. Et deb. xx.s. 

Robertus de Furnellis et Eadulphus de Sancto Georgio deb. 
j.m. de eodem. 

Villata de Lancastra r.c, de xij.s. et viij.d. de taillagio. In th'ro 
lib. K Q. R 

Idem vicecomes r.c. de dim, m. de Petro filio Itoberti. Et de 
dim. m. de Willelmo de Eadecliue, In th'ro lib. in ij talliis. 

E. Q. E. 

Eobertus Greslei r.c. de xxx.m. pro disseisina. In th'ro Nichil, 
Et in perdonis ipsi Roberto xxx.m. per breve Regis, E. Q, E» 

Hugo de Morton r.c, de x,m. et j palefridum pro habenda filia 
Ricardi filii Rogeri. In th'ro xiiij.m. et dim, Et deb. dim. m. 
Idem r.c. de eodem deb, In th'ro lib. E, Q. E. 

Henricus de Stratford r.c. de xx,s. pro Relevjo, sicut continetur 
in Rotulo pnecedenti, In th'ro j,m, Et deb, dim, m, Idem r.c. 
de eodem deb. In th'ro lib. E. Q. E. 

Hugo de Neuill [debet] xxv.m, et j palefridum pro habendo 
Maritagio sicut continetur ibidem. Et cc.ru. et ij palefridos de 
fine Abbatis de Furneis sicut continetur ibidem, 

Philippus de Stradlega deb. x.m. et j palefridum et j falconem 
sicut continetur ibidem. 

Hugo de Matton et Oliuerus films Nigelli r.c. de lxxvij.s. et 
ij.d. et j palefrido sicut continetur ibidem. In th'ro lxxvij.s. et 
ij.d. Et deb. j palefridum. Idem r,c, de eodem deb, In th'ro lib. 

E. Q, E. 

Adam filius Roberti de Prestewic r,c. de iij.m. pro habenda 
terra sicut continetur ibidem. In th'ro xx.s. Et deb. xx.s. Idem 
r.c. de eodem deb. In th'ro lib. E. Q. E, 

Henricus de Rademan r.c, de xxv.m. pro habenda custodia 
sicut continetur ibidem. In th'ro lxx,s. Et deb. xix.m. et x.s. 

Henricus de Waleton r.c. de j.m, pro habenda serjanteria. In 
th'ro lib. E, Q. E. 

Gerardus de Claiton r.c, de iij.m. et dim, pro eodem. In th'ro 
xxx.8. Et deb. xvj.s. et viijd. Ide.m r.c. de eodera debito. In 
th'ro lib. E. Q, E. 

Elyas de Penlibere r.c, de xxiij.s, et iiij.d. pro eodem. In th'ro 
xix.s. et viij.d. Et deb. iij.s. et viij.d. Idem r.c. de eodem debito. 
In th'ro lib. E. Q. E, 

Yeruerht de Hilton r.c. de Niij.ni, et dim. pro eodem. In th'ro 
vij.li. Et. deb. iij.m. 



216 THE LAXCASIIIUE TirE ROLLS. 

Robert us de Einoucsdal r.c. de xx.s. pro habenda custodia sicut 
continetur in liotulo pnecedenti. In th'ro x.s. Et deb. x.s. Idem 
r.c. de eodem debito. In th'ro lib. E. Q. E. 

Dc rij° Scutagio. 

Idem vicecomes r.c. de x.s. de Adam de Yseni. Et de j.m. de 
Galfrido Carbuncl. EL dc ij.m. de Willclmo filio Simonis. Et de 
dim. m. de Alano de Kixton. Et de dim. m. de Adam de Adam 
(pic) de Lauton et Toma de Goldeburc. In th'ro lib. in v talliis. 

E. Q. E. 

Walterus filius Osberti r.c. de x.s. In th'ro v.s. Et deb. v.s. 
Idem r.c. de eodcm debito. In th'ro lib. E. Q. E. 

Willelmus Esturmi r.c. de xlj.s. et ij.d. In th'ro j.m. Et deb. 
xxvij.s. et x.d. 

Rogerus de Muriels r.c. de iij.m. In th'ro xvj.s. et viij.d. Et 
deb. xxiij.s. et iiij.d. 

Ha?res Willelmi de Valoignes r.c. de xx.s. In th'ro x.s. Et 
deb. x.s. Idem r.c. de eodem debito. In th'ro lib. E. Q. E. 

Adam de Cokefeld r.c. de xx.s. In th'ro x.s. Et deb. x.s. 
Idem r.c. de eodem debito. In th'ro lib. E. Q. E. 

Willelmus filius Heruei i.e. de xx.s. In th'ro x.s. Et deb. x.s. 
Jdem r.c. de eodem debito. In th'ro lib. E. Q. E. 

Itadulphus de Sancto Georgio deb. x.s. Hugo Malet deb. v.ra. 
"Willelmus de Greseleia deb. xl.s. llogerus de Vnstaneslega deb. 
dim. in. Willelmus de Neuill deb win. Adam de Otteleia deb. 
j.m. Willelmus filius lioscelini deb. iij.m. et dim. 

Nova Oblata. 

Kicardus de Piercpunt r.c. de dim. in. pro licentia concordandi. 
In th'ro lib. E. Q. E. 

liicardus filius Elya? r.c. de j.m. pro habendo brevi. In th'ro 
lib. ' E. Q. E. 

Matilda qua) fuit vxor Ada 1 filius Osberti r.c. de iiij.m. ne 
distringac ad se maritandani. In th'ro lib. E. Q. E. 

Itadulphus de ]>ulerun r.c. de j.m. per sic quod Canonici de 
Cocresha 1 habeant saisinam de tribus l^ovatis terre et tribus. 
acris terras in ]5uleruu. In th'ro dim. m. Et deb. dim. m. Idem 
r.c. de eodem debito. In th'ro lib. E. Q. E. 

Itadulphus de Stanedis r.c. de j.m. pro licencia concordandi. 
In th'ro lib. E. Q. E. 

1 Read Cockersnnil. 



roll of 9 John (1206-1207). 217 

Matilda de Kellet et Henricus de Kellet r.c. de j.m. pro licencia 
concordandi. In th'ro dim. in. Et deb. dim. m. Eadem r.c. de 
eodem debito. In th'ro lib. E. Q. S. 

Herbertus de Helhale r.c. de dim. in. pro licencia concordandi. 
In th'ro lib. E. Q. E. 

Willelmus Gernet deb. cm. et j palefridum pro habenda 
Baillia forests plenaria, qua m Benedict us Gernet pater suus 
tenuit de Rege die quo obiit, excepto cooperto de Tokestat et 
exceptis landis ad Boscum ])ertinentibus. Rogerus Gernet deb. 
lx.m., unde Philippus filius Holegod eum acquietabit de l.m., pro 
habenda tota baillia forests Regis, quani AVillelmus Gernet frater 
ipsius Rogeri habuit. Quenild filia Ricardi filii Rogeri deb. lx.m. 
et ij palcfridos per sic ut possit se maritare cui voluerit per con- 
silium amicorum suoruin, ita tamcn quod non niaritet se alicui 
inimicorum Regis, et pro habenda rationabili parte sua qua} earn 
contingit de terris qiue fueiunt Ricardi filii Rogeri patris sui et 
Margai-eUe matris sua?. Hugo de Moreton deb. j palefridum pro 
habenda pastura bosci de Simundeswude sine detrimento forestae, 
qiue pastura pertinet ad manerium de Kierkebi quod idem Hugo 
tenet. Willelmus de Radecliue deb. j.m. pro licencia concor- 
dandi. 

Comjwtus tcrrarum Tcobaldi Walteri. 

Idem vicecomes r.c. vt custos de xxix.li. et ix.s. et iiij.d. de 
firma de Wapentachio de Agmundernes de lioc anno. Et de iiij.li. 
de perquisitionibus. Et de xix.li. et xij.d. de firma dominiorum 
pradicti Teobaldi. Et de v.m. de Exitibus praedictarum terraruiu. 
Summa lv.li. et xvij.& In th'ro xlviij.li. et xvj.s. in v tallis. Et 
deb. vij.li. et xij.d. 

Idem vicecomes r.c. de lx vij.li. et xv.s. de proficuo Comitatus 
de hoc anno. In th'ro xxxviij.li. et xvij.s. Et deb. xxviij.li. et 
xviij.s. [Rogerus Conjstabularius Cestria* * * * de terra Hugonis 
Buissel et Rol>erti Buissel de anno viij° et hoc anno. 



NOTES ON THE PIPE TvOLL OF 9 JOHN (MICH. 1206-MICH. 1207). 

Nova oblata. — Richard de Pierpont gave £ m. for licence to 
concord. In Trinity Term, 5 John, a suit was instituted in the 
Curia Regis by Robert Grelley, claiming forty acres of wood in 
Lostock and Rumworth against Richard de Pierpont. In Michael- 
mas Term, Richard essoined himself dr viafo h'rti, and the knights 
who ought to have viewed his sickness did not appear in eourx. 



218 THE LANCASHIRE PIPE ROLLS. 

They were, Roliert son of Thore, Madoc de Halghton and Robert 
Gogard. At the next hearing, Richard came and defended his 
right, and prayed for a grand assize, to declare whether he had a 
better right to hold that wood of Robert Grelley, or Robert to hold 
it as his demesne. In Hilary Term, 6 John, the suitors were 
pledged to sue on the quinzaine of Easter, and Ranulph, son of 
Roger de Marsey, Roger de Middleton, Richard de Worsley and 
William de Turton w r ere named as the four knights, who should 
elect twelve upon the grand assize. Finally on Thursday after 
the feast of St Luke, 7 John, at the Exchequer in London, a final 
concord was made between them, as the result of the finding of 
the grand assize, by which Richard acknowledged the wood to be 
the right of Robert, and rendered it to him, for which acknowledg- 
ment Robert gave him a gold ring. (Curia R^gis Rolls, Nos. 81 to 
35 ; Feet of Fines, temp. John, Lane, No. 40.) 

Richard, son of Elias gave 1 m. for a writ. In Easter Term, 
7-8 John, Richard son of Elias sued Jorwerth de Hulton for six 
oxgangs of land in Hulton. Jorwerth did not appear, and was sum- 
moned to answer the plea at a month after Michaelmas, the land 
meanwhile being taken into the King's hands. (C. R. Roll, No. 42.) 

Matilda, widow of Adam de Kellet, son of Orm (not Osbert as 
stated in the Roll) gave 4 m. that she might not be constrained to 
marry against her will. 

Ralph de Bolrun gave a mark for licence to alienate to the 
Monks of Cocker8and 3 oxg. and 3 acres of land in Bolrun, 
which licence was necessary because he held by serjeanty. 
(Cockersand Chartulary, fol. 121.) 

Ralph de Standish gave 1 m. for licence to concord. In Hilary 
Term, 6 John, he was suing Siward de Standish in a plea 
respecting the right of presentation to the church of Standish. In 
Easter Term, Ralph proffered 1 m. for licence to make a concord 
respecting 2 car. of land in Standish and Langtree, and the 
advowson of the church. (C. R. Rolls, Nos. 34 and 42 ; Feet of 
Fiiws, temp. John, Lane, No. 42.) The final concord has already 
been given (page 40). 

Matilda de Kellet was suing Henry de Kellet during Easter 
Term, 7-8 John, for 1£ car. of land in Kellet, and £ car. in Bare ; 
but on the quinzaine of Holy Trinity, 8 John, at Westminster, a 
final concord was made between them, by which Henry released 
his claim to Matilda, who thereupon gave him 5 m. (C. R. Roll, 
No. 42 ; Feci of F hies. temp. John, Lane, No. 43.) It appears that 



roll of 9 johx (1206-1207). 219 

Matilda held this estate in her own right, viz. a moiety of Over 
Kellet and a moiety of Bare, and recovered it from Henry, who at 
this time seems to have held the other moiety, either for life, or 
during the minority of Gilbert, son of William de Kellet. Each 
party paid a moiety of the fine for licence to concord. 

In Michaelmas Term, 9 John, Adam son of Roger sued 
Herbert de Ellel in a plea of warranty of charter of land in Ellel 
and Thornbythwaite, which he held by his father's charter. 
Herbert did not appear, and Gilbert the Forester and Thomas 
son of Hugh, who were his sureties, were amerced. Grimbald 
de Ellel and Kichard his brother, other sureties, were also 
amerced, and Herbert was summoned to appear on the quinzaine 
of St. Michael. A final concord was made between them at 
Westminster on the quinzaine of Easter, 9 John, by which 
Herbert warranted the charter of Grimbald his father to Roger, 
son of Adam, father of the said Adam, son of Roger, viz., of 2 oxg. 
in Ellel and £ car. in Thornbythwaite. The charter is quoted in 
full, from which it appears that the gift was made to Roger, son 
of Adam in frank marriage with Sueneva, daughter of the said 
Grimbald de Ellel. Adam gave Herbert 10 m. for this warranty. 
(C. B. Roll, No. 45, to. 6 dorso ; Feet of Fine*, Lane, No. 46.) 

On the 23rd August, 1207, King John sent a writ to the 
Sheriff to seize the forest of Lancaster into the King's hands, after 
the death of William Gernet, who held it by serjeanty, and to 
appoint some one, jointly with a Serjeant of Hugh de Nevill's, to 
keep the said Forest. (Close Roll, 9 John, in. 5.) William 
Gernet's proffered fine for confirmation of the Bailiwick of the 
Forest had only been accepted during the fiscal year, and so 
appears in this Roll. The covert of Toxteth and arable strips 
belonging to the underwood of the Forest, i.e. clearings brought 
under the plough, were appropriated from the fee which his father 
Benedict Gernet had held, and reserved to the Crown. 

Roger Gernet, brother of William, proffered 60 m. for the Baili- 
wick of the Forest. Of 50 in. of this fine Philip fitz Helgot, fermor 
of Kinver Forest, co. Stafford, sometimes called Philip de Kinver, 
acquitted Roger, and it was transferred to the Staffordshire Pipe 
Roll, where it appears as a debt from the 12th to 16th John. The 
Sheriff was directed to see that Cecily the widow received her 
dower in her husband's lands, and her third of his chattels. On 
the 13th November, the King sent a writ to the Sheriff' notifying 
him that the marriage of Cecily had been given to the Justiciar of 



220 THE LANCASHIRE PIPE ROLLS. 

Chester. (Close i?o//, 9 Jcilm, in. 11.) Her dower was awarded to 
her in Fishwiek. In the 9 Henry III., William Gernet,son of the 
above-named William, claimed the Manor of Fishwiek from 
William le Vilein, husband of the said Cecily. They vouched to 
warrant Roger (.ternet. P>y line levied at Westminster, on the 
Octave of St. Hilary, William Gernet released his right in the 
said Manor to William and Cecily, for whi^h acknowledgment 
lioger granted to him i car. of land in Crophill, co. Nottingham, 
which William had formerly held of him, to hold by forinsec 
service due from £ car., when 21 car- made one knight's fee. 
Apparently Crophii* was a member of the Forest fee of Lancaster. 
Hugh de Moreton proffered a palfrey for the pasturage of the 
underwood of Simonswood, without detriment to the Forest, which 
pasture belonged to the Manor of Kirkby, which he held jure 

MAG. HOT. PIP., 10 JOH'IS (1207-1208). 
(Poll No. 54. m. 10, dorso.) 

Lancastra. 

Gilebertus filiu3 Peinfridi, Adam filius Pogeri pro eo nt custos 
r.c. de cc.li. de firma de Laucastm. In th'ro xl.li. et xx-d. 

Et in terris datis Willelmo filio Walkelini ix.li. in StouenebL 
Et Nipello de CJreseleia iiij.li. et xvj.s. in Drakelawe. Et Victori 
de Wallingour Iviij.s. Et Willelmo Marescallo xxxij.li. in Kartmel. 
Et Yeruerht de Hilton xxiiij.s. in terra de Peneltoiu Et "Willelmo 
de Himtingefeld xv.li. in Mendham. Et Pol*?rto Puffo xiij.li. in 
Nauenesbi. Et Comiti de Derebi x.li. sicut eoutinetur in Potulo 
vij°. Et Galfrido Lutrel xiij.li. in Croxton in terra qiue fuit Hugo- 
ii is Janitoris. Et eidem x.m. in eadem villa de terra quie fuit 
Willelmi de Sancto Albino. Et in defalta exitus forestoe de 
Lankastre x.li. Et in villa do Lankastra xx.m. de quibus homines 
de Lankastra respondent infra. Et in Quietantia terrae Pogeri 
constabularii Cestriie lxx.s. sicut eontinetur in Potulo viij". Et 
lueredibus Willelmi iilii Walkelini x.li in Corfho. 

Et in Emendatione domorum Pegis de I^ankastra c.s. per 
breve Pegis. Et pro Judieio et Justieia faeienda xxiij.s. et iiij.d. 
Et deb. ix.li. et vij.s. Idem r.c. de eodem deb. In th'ro nil. 
Et Hugoni de Moreton xiiij.s. in Foruebi de dimidio anno per 
breve Pegis et per inquisitionem. Et in defalta de Westderbi 
quae est remota usque ad Liuequil per breve Pegis et per inquiai- 
tionem viij.li. hoc anno. Et dob. xij.s. (sic). 



UOLL of 10 joiix (1207-1203). 221 

Idem vicecomes r.c. de vij.li. et iiij.s. de proficuo de anno viij'\ 
Et de lxxviij.s. de anno pneterito. 

Idem vicecomes r.c. de lx vij.li. et j.m. de proficuo Comitatus 
de hoe anno. In th'ro lib. E. Q. E. 

Idem vicecomes [debet] xxv.li. de proficuo Comitatus de anno 
prseterito. 

Idem vicecomes r.c. de xxx.s. de Cremento de Crossebi. Et de 
xx.s. de cremento de Waleton. Et de dim. in. de cremento de 
Wauertrie.. Et de xiij.s. et viij.d. de cremento de Middelton. 
Et de v.s. de cremento de Pultun. Et de xx.s. de cremento 
de Bothelton. Et de dim. m. de molendino de Bothelton. Et 
de x.s. de cremento de Blakerode. In th'ro lib. in viij talliis. 

E. Q. E. 

Idem Vicecomes r.c de dim. m. de cremento de Fornebi. In 
th'ro xl.d. Et Uugoni de Moreton xl.d. de dimidio anno per breve 
Kegis et amodo totum. E. Q. E. 

Idem vicecomes r.c. de xl.s. de cremento de Westderbi. In 
th'ro xx.s. Et deb. xx.s. 

Homines de Lankastra r.c. de xx.m. de firma villa? sua?. In 
th ro lib. E. Q. S. 

Idem Vicecomes r.c. de l.s. de cremento de Hales. Et de x.s. 
de cremento de r>olton. Et de xvj.s. de cremento de Euerton. Et 
de xlij 8. de cremento de Skcrton. Et de lij.s. et vj.d. de cremento 
de Ouerton. Et de xij.d. de firma cujusdam domus in Lankastra. 
In th'ro lib. in viij talliis. E. Q. E. 

Teobaldus Walteri deb. dim. m. de Secundo Scutagio. Willel- 
mus filius Willelmi deb. xx.s. de taillagio. AVillelmus de Neuill 
deb. xv.s. de eodem. Hugo Bussel deb. vj.ni. de eodem. lliu'o 
Norr[eis] deb. ij.m. de eodem. 

De iij° Scutagio, 

Willelmus filius Simonis r.c de iiij.s. et iiij.d. de eodem. In 
th'ro lib. E. Q. E. 

Eobertus le Vauasur deb. iiij.m. et dim. de eodem. Picardus 
de Myda deb. viij.m. et j palefridum pro'habenda villa sicut con- 
tinetur in Eotulo v°. Teobaldus Walteri deb. vj.li. et ix.s. et vj.d. 
de pluribus debitis sicut continetur ibidem. 

Adam de Otteleia r.c. de vj.m. et dim. de v Scutagio. In th'ro 
lib. E. Q. E. . 

Ha?redes Poberti de Fumellis r.c. de v.s. et viij.d. de eodem. 
In th'ro lib. E. Q. S. 



222 THE LANCASHIRE PIPE ROLLS. 

De Oblatis. 

Hugo Bussell et Robertas Bussell r.c. de cc et xxvij.li. et v.s. 
et ij.d. sicut coutinetur in Rotulo vj°. In th'ro c et xxxix.lL et 
v.s. et iij.d. per manus constabularii Cestria*. Et deb. quater xx et 
vij.li. et xj.s. et xj.d. 

Ricardus de Myda deb. j palefridum et j chascur sicut con- 
tinetur ibidem. Kobertus Bussel deb. cm. pro habenda inquisi- 
tione. 

Gilbertus filius Reinfridi r.c;. de v palefridis pro habenda con- 
firnirttioue sicut coutinetur ibidem. In th'ro xxv.m. pro v pale- 
fridis. K Q. E. 

Homines Comitatus de Lancastra r.c. de xxxij.li. et vij.s. ut 
Ricardus de Vermin sit vicecomes eorum. In th'ro xxiij.li. et xj.s. 
et v.d. Et deb. viij.li. et xv.s. et vij.d. Idem r.c. de eodein debito. 
In thro lib. E. Q. S. 

Comes Rogerus deb. ij.m. de vj° Scutagio. Adam de Otteleia 
deb. dim. in. de eodem. Robertus Bertram deb. ij.m. de eodem. 
Hugo Bussel et Robertus Buissel deb. viij.s. Willelmus Esturmi 
deb. dim. in. de eodem. Radulphus Eraser deb. ij.m. de eodein. 

Ranulphus de Gameleston r.c. de x.s. de eodem. In th'ro lib. 

E. Q.E. 

Robertus de Harestan r.c de x.s. de eodem. In th'ro lib. 

E.Q. E. 

Robertus de Furnellis et Radulphus de Sancto Georgio r.c. de 
j.m. de eodem. In th'ro lib. E. Q. S. 

Hugo de Xeuill deb. xxv.iil et j palefridum pro habendo mari- 
tagio sicut coutinetur in Rotulo viij . De quibus xxv.m. respondet 
post Wiltesire pro Ada tilio Ada?, et debet idem Adam j palefri- 
dum. Et cc.m. et ij palefridos de fine Abbatis de Furnellis. 
De quibus idem II. respondet de cli. post Wiltesire. Et deb. 
idem abbas l.m. et ij palefridos. 

Philippus de Stradlega deb. x.m. et j palefridum et j falconem 
sicut continetur ibidem. 

Henricus de Rademan r.c de xix marcis et x.s. pro habenda 
custodia sicut continetur ibidem. In th'ro lib. E. Q. E. 

Yeruerht de Hylton r.c de iij.m. pro seriantia In th'ro ij.m. 
Et deb. j.m. 

De vij° Scutagio. 

Willelmus Esturmi [debet] xxvij.s. et x.d. de eodem. 

Rogerus de Muriell r.c de xxiij.s. et iiij.d. de eodem. In th'ro 
x.s. Et deb. j.ni. 



ROLL OF 10 JOHN (1207-1208). 223 

Radulphus de Sancto Georgio r.c. de x.s. de eodem. In th'ro 
lib. E. Q. E. 

Hugo Malet deb. v.m. de eodem. Willelmus de Greseleia deb. 
xl.8. Rogerus de Vnstaneslega deb. dim. m. Willelmus de Neuill 
deb. v.m. Adam de Otteleia deb. j.m. Willelmus filius Rocelini 
deb. iij.m. et dim. 

De Oblatis. 

Willelmus Gcrnet r.c. de cm. et j palefrido pro habenda Bailli va 
forosta* sicut continetur in Rotulo pnucedenti. In thro xlj.li. et 
xviij.d. Et deb. xxv.li. et xj.s. et x.d. et j palefridum. 

Rogerus Gernet r.c. de lx.m. pro habenda tota Bailliva sicut 
continetur ibidem. In th'ro c.s. Et deb. Iij.m. et dim. De 
quibus Philippus filius Holegod debet eum aquietare de l.m. sicut 
continetur ibidem. 

Quenilda filia Ricardi filii Rogeri r.c. de lx.m. et ij palefridis 
ut possit se Maritare sicut continetur ibidem. In th'ro lx.m. et 
x.m. pro ij palefridis. E. Q. E. 

Hugo de Morton r.c. de j palefrido pro habenda pastura sicut 
continetur ibidem. In th'ro ij.m. et dim. Et deb. ij.m. et dim. 

Willelmus de Radecliue r.c. de j.m. pro licencia concordandi. 
In th'ro lib. E. Q. E. 

Compotus lerraintm Teobaldi Wulteri. 

Idem vicecomes r.c. de vij.li. et xij.d. de exitibus terrarum 
prsedictarum de anno praterito. In th'ro xiiij.s. Et Matildas 
quae fuit vxor ipsius Teobaldi vj.li. et vij.s. per breve Regis. 

E. Q. E. 

Idem vicecomes r.c. de xxix.lL et ix.s. et iiij.d. de tirma de 
Wapentac de Agmundernes. Et de iiij.li. et v.s. de perquisi- 
tionibus. Et de xij.ll et xiiij.s. de firma dominiorum prater illam 
partem quam Matilda vxor praedicti Teobaldi habet in dotem. Et 
de lxix.8. de exitibus dominiorum. Summa xlix.li et xvij.s. et 
iiij.d. In th'ro lib. in iiij talliis. E. Q. E. 

Nvva Oblata, 

Ricardus de Mida deb. j.m. pro habenda recognitione novae 
dissaisinaB ad opus Willelmi de Appelbi et Godeholt vxoris suse de 
libero tenemento in Seile unde Robertus de Monte Alto et socii 
dissaisierunt eos. 

Willelmus de Vernun r.c. de xx.m. ut sit quietus de hoc quod 
captus fuit apud quamdam ripariam de Norhamtonsire. In th'ro 
nil Et ipsi Regi xx.m. per breve Regis. E. Q. E. 



2:24 the Lancashire pipe kglls. 

Agatha qiue t'uit vxor Galfridi jMonaehi deb. lx.m. et j pale- 
fridum — Sed respectuatur intra — pro liabeiula racionabili dote sua 
qua 1 earn eontingit de libero tenemeuto quod fuit pnedicti Galfridi 
quondam viri sui in honore Laneastne et pro liabenda ha?reditate 
sua, et quod possit se maritare cui voluerit. Adam filius Orm deb. 
terciam partem de x.m. pro Justicia Rogero Gernet quod reddat 
ei x.m. 

Hugo de Morton r.c. de xx.m. et j spcruario cercellario et 
j Bracheto pro halxmdis ij carrucatis terra: cum pertinentiis in 
Fornebi qiue sunt in manu Regis et qiue fueruut Ricardi filii 
Kogeri. In tb'ro e.s. Et deb. xij.m. et dim. et j speruarium et 
j Bracettum. 

I)( -placitis forestm per Hvgonem de Ncvill. 

"Willelmus Oernet deb. xlvij.li. et xiij.s. et iiij.d. et j palefridum 
de areragio finis sui. Willelmus Pineerna deb. lx.s. et iij.d. pro 
eodem. Adam filius Ada» de Kellet deb. lxvij.s. et x.d. pro eodein. 
Alcherius de Barton deb. dim. in. pro defectu. Sed respondet 
infra. Ricardus de Vernuu deb. dim. m. de Catallis Lefwini de 
Halo. Idem vicecomes deb. dim. in. de minutis particulis 
forests. Robertus de Burun deb. x.m. — sed respondet infra — ut sit 
quietus de hoc quod non potuit habere Blackoker hominem suum 
ad rectum et ut sit quietus de loqucla sua. Rogerus Gernet deb. 
x.m. pro liabenda terra in Bailliva foresta* sieut Wfillelmus] frater 
suns ipsam tenuit die quo obiit, et insuper intravit debitum reddere 
fratris sui quod debuit ad Scacearium. Plegius pried icta mm x 
marcarum Hugo de Xeuill. Gilebertus filius Reinfridi deb. l.m. 
quas reeepit deAbbatcde Furneis sicut recognovit per breve suum. 

Althornus de Barton r.c. de dim. in. sicut supra continetur. 
In tb'ro lib. E. Q. E. 

Elyas de rennebire deb. j.m. pro habendo pnecipe de xl acris 
terra* in Benelton versus Yeruert de Hillton. 

Agatha quae fuit vxor Galfridi Monachi, fratres Hospitalis 
Lincoluiie pro ea r.c. de lx.m. et j palefrido sicut supra continetur. 
In th'ro lx.m. et v.m. pro palefrido. E. Q. E. 

Robertus de Burun r.c. de x.m. ut sit quietus sicut supra con- 
tinetur. Et de x.m. pro j dextrario de Ricardo filio Kogeri sicut 
continetur in Brevi Regis. In th'ro nil. Et ipsi Regi in 
Camera sua xx.m. per breve Regis. E. Q. E. 



koll of 10 john (1207-1208). 225 

NOTES ON THE PIPE KOLL OF 10 JOHN (.MICH. 1207-M1CH. 1208). 

The Sheriff claims allowance of 14s. for the ferm of Formhy 
for the half year since Easter, 1208, when the King, as the result 
of an inquiry respecting the seizure of this estate from Richard, 
son of Roger, into his hands, when he was Count of Mortain, 
restored it to Hugh de Moreton, to whom it belonged jure xuoris. 
For tins inquiry Hugh had proffered 20 m., a sarcelle hawk, and a 
bracket, as appears by the Nova uhlata this year. Forniby was an 
estate of 3 car., two-thirds of which were now held by Hugh de 
Moreton in thanage, for the ancient service of 28*, and an 
increment of 6s. 8d., the remaining one-third by Quenild de Kirk- 
dale by serjeanty. 

The Sheriff also claims allowance of £8, " in the default of West 
Derby, which has been removed to Liverpool." This allowance, 
which had been assessed by an inquest, continued until the 12th 
year and then ceased. The explanation of this entry is to be 
found in the following extract from the Patent Roll : — 

" The King to all who desire to have burgages in the town of 
Liverpool, greeting. Know ye, that we have granted to all persons 
who shall take burgages at Liverpool, that they may have in the 
town of Liverpool all the lilyerties and free customs enjoyed by 
any free borough on the sea coast; and therefore we send you 
word that ye may go thither securely, and in our peace, to take 
your burgages and dwell therein ; and in testimony hereof we 
transmit to you these our letters patent. Witness — Simon de 
rateshull, at Winchester, on the 27th day of August, in the 
9th year of our reign." (Patent Hall, 9 John, m. 5.) 

It seems that in order to increase the importance of the new 
borough of Liverpool, the greater part of the population of West 
Derby was removed to the former place to iill the burgage tene- 
ments of that rising town, and the public were invited to settle 
there by the above proclamation. The process of removal lasted 
three years, during which period the issues of the land of West 
Derby ceased. No doubt the increasing revenue which had been 
derived from Liverpool for some years past, since the Crown had 
acquired it by exchange for Litherland (page 128), had annually 
appeared in the account of the " profit of the County." 

De obiatis. — Roger, Constable of Chester, this year pays 
£39 5s. 3d. in reduction of the old fine due from Hugh Bussel 
and Robert his brother, for Penworthani (page 161). 



220 THE LANCASHIRE PIPE KOLLS. 

Commits teruari'm Theobaldi Walterl— Upon the death 
of Theobald Walter, Robert le Yavassor proffeied 1,200 m. and 
two palfreys for the marriage of his daughter Matilda, Theobald's 
widow, and for her dower in her late husband's English and Irish 
estates, " excepting Amounderness," where she was only 10 have 
dower in Marton, ami in the fee of Weeton, which had formerly 
belonged to Theobald's father, Hervy Walter. (Fine Boll, 9 John, 
m. 1L> The writ to the Sheriff of Lancaster, and to other Sheriffs 
to deliver seisin, was dated at Carlisle, 19th February 1206. It 
was followed by another dated at Brook, 22nd July 1207, direct- 
ing the Sheriff to give Matilda her third part in Marton, which 
Theobald first held for 12*. vearlv fenn, but afterwards for an 
osprey hawk, ami in Weeton, Treales and Rawcliffe, and further 
to put lioliert le Yavassor in seisin. On the 1st October following, 
seisin was ordered to lv given to Fulk ritz Warren and Matilda 
the willow, whom he had taken in marriage. (Close £oll 9 7 John, 
m. 3: 8 John, m. 16, m. 14.) He undertook to pay the tine which 
Huliert le Yavassor had proffered, himself finding 44 sureties for 
the payment of 600 m., and the said liobe rt. and William, brother 
of Fulk becoming sureties for the other GOO in. (Fine Holt, 9 John, 
m. 3. m. S <fu)'*>.) 

Xova ohlata. — Richard de Meath's proffer for an assize of 
novel disseisin ou behalf of William de Appleby and Godeholf his 
wife, against Eoliert de Monhaut anil his associates, relates to a 
moiety of the Manor of Sale. co. Chester. 

William de Yernoii, who had been Richard de Yemen's deputy, 
as Ciutfvs of the Honor in the 7 John, had Wen arrested upon some 
river bank in Northamptonshire, on what grounds does not appear. 
He married Margery daughter of Robert de Stockport, by his wife 
Matilda, daughter of Richard son of Roger. The said Eobert gave 
him the Manor of Little Appleby, co. Leicester, and the advowsou 
of the church of (treat Appleby. (XichoTs Z«r iV«\*/«t, vol. iv. p. 432.) 
This estate had formed part of the inheritance of Matilda de Stock- 
port, who also held ten marcates of land in Kirmington. co. Lincoln. 
These estates hail descended to her from her mother, Margaret 
daughter anil co-heiress of Thurstan Ranaslre. 

Agatha Bretel, wid«»w of Geoffrey le Moine. proffered 60 m. 
and a palfrey for dower in her husband's estate in Flintham (page 
196), and for her own inheritance, and lilierty to marry whom she 
would. 

Adam de Kellet, son of Orm, had proffered one-third of 10 m. 



koll of 10 joiin (1207-1208). 227 

for the assistance of the King's Court against Roger Gerriet, who 
owed him that sum. 

De placitis FOUESTiE. — The entries under this heading relate 
to various transactions which came under the jurisdiction of the 
Forest Justice, such as arrears of fines for relief, proffers for writs 
of right, and arrears of amercements, William Gernet, William 
le Boteler, and Adam, son of Adam de Kellet, each owed portions 
of their fines for relief. Althorn de Barton (in West Derby 
hundred ? ) paid £ m. for a defective suit. Richard de Vernon 
£ in. for the chattels of Leofwin de Hale, probably forfeited for 
felony. The Sheriff owed \ m. for small fines or amercements 
probably arising from woodmotes. Robert de Ryrom had 
discharged his debt of 20 m. by a payment to the King's Court 
or Palace, viz. 10 in. for licence to withdraw from a dispute with 
his man, Blackoker, against whom he had been unable to procure 
a writ of right ; and 10 m. for a destre, or war horse, from Richard, 
son of Roger, for which he had been called to answer by the King's 
writ. The balance of Roger Gernet's fine for relief of his brother's 
forest fee, for which Hugh de Nevill was surety, and Roger's under- 
taking to pay his brother's debt to the Exchequer, are again noted. 
Elias de Pendlebury owed 1 m. for a prmcijK quod reddat against 
Jorwerth de Hulton respecting 40 acres of land in Pendleton. 
A considerable portion of Lonsdale and Amounderness had 
been laid waste by the Conqueror during his northern campaign 
in the years 1069-1070. Probably Henry I. afforested every 
Lancashire township which was lying waste in the year 1103, 
when Roger the Poictevin forfeited his estates. Consequently 
King John's charter of liberties of the forest, which he had 
granted to " the knights and thanes dwelling in the Porest of 
Lancaster," -i.e. under the jurisdiction of the Forest laws in the 
county of Lancaster, covered a large number of townships, and 
included all, or the greater number of those held by serjeanty. 

The compotus of Brian de l'lsle of the lordships of Knares- 
borough and Laxton or Lexington, which were then in the King's 
hands — the one as security for Nicholas de Stutevill's relief, the 
other during the minority of Matilda, daughter and heiress of 
Robert de Cauz — is enrolled at the end of the Lancashire Pipe 
Roll of this year. 



Q 2 



228 THE LANCASHIRE PIPE ROLLS. 

MAG. ROT. PIP., 11 JOH'IS (1208-1200). 
(Roll No. 55. m. 9.) 

Lancastria. 

Gilebertus filius Reinfridi, Adam tilius Rogeri ut custos pro eo 
r.c. de ccli. de firma de Lancastra. la th'ro xx.s. 

Et in terris Datis Willelmo filio Walkelini ix.li. in Stauenesbi. 
Et Nigello de Greseleia iiij.li. et xvj.s. in Drakelawe. Et Victori 
de Wallingour lviij.s. Et Willelmo Marescallo xxxij.li. in 
Kartmel. Et Yeruerth de Hilton xxiiij.s. in terra de Penelton. 
Et Willelmo de Huntingfeld xv.li. in Mendliam. Et Roberto 
Ruflfo xiij.li. in Nauenesbi. Et Comiti de Derebi x.H. sicut con- 
tinetur in Rotulo vij°. Et Galfrido Lutrel xiij.li. in Croxton in 
terra quae fuit Hugonis Janitoris. Et eidem x.in. in eadem terra 
quae fuit Willelmi de Sancto Albino. Et in Defalta Exitus 
foresto de Lancastra x.li. Et in villa de Lancastra xx.iu. de 
quibus homines de Lancastra respondent infra. Et in Quietantia 
terrse Rogero constabularii Cestria; lxx.s. sicut continetur in Rotulo 
viij°. Et haeredibus Willelmi de Valeines x.li. in Corfho. Et 
Hugoni de Moreton xxviij.s. et viij.d. in Fornebi. Et in Defalt 

de Westderebi viij.li. hoc anno sicut continetur in Rotulo pnece- 
denti. 

Et pro vij Rreteschiis parandis ad portandum xxj.li. per breve 
Regis. Et in suo superplusagio de anno pragterito xxxj.s. et iiij.d. 
(sic). Et Regi de Man xx.li. per breve Regis. Et in Estuverio 
duorum lutrarioruni cum xiiij canibus lx.s. per breve Regis. Et 
pro Judiciis et Justicia facienda j.m. Et deb. ix.s. et viij.d. Idem 
r.c. de eodem deb. In th'ro lib. E. Q. K 

Idem vicecomes r.c. de xij.s. de remanenti firma Comitatus de 
anno prceterito. In th'ro lib. E. Q. E. 

Idem vicecomes r.c. de xxx.s. de cremento de Crossebi. Et de 
xx.s. de cremento de Waleton. Et de dim. m. de cremento de 
Wauertrie. Et de xiij.s. et viij.d. de cremento de Middelton. Et 
de v.s. de cremento de Pulton. Et de xx.s. de cremento de 
Bothelton. Et de dim. m. de Molendino de Bothelton. Et de x.s. 
de cremento de Blakerode. Et de 1.8. de cremento de Hales. Et 
de x.s. de cremento de Bolton. Et de xvj.s. de cremento de 
Euerton. Et de xiij.s. de cremento de Skerton. Et de lij.s. et 
vj.d. de cremento de Ouerton. Et de xij.d. de firma cujusdam 
doinus in lancastra. In th'ro lib. in xiiij talliis. E. Q. K. 



ROLL OF 11 JOHN (1208-1209). 220 

Homines de Lancastra r.c. de xx.ni. de firma villa) siue. In 
thro lib. E. Q. S. 

Idem vicecomes r.c. de xxv.li. de proficuo Comitatus de anno 
ix°. In th'ro lib. E. Q. E. 

Idem vicecomes [debet] lxxvj.li. et vj.s. et viij.d. de proficuo 
liujus atirii. 

Teobaldus Walteri deb. dim. m. de ij Scutagio. Willelnms 
filius Willelmi deb. xx.s. de taillagio. Willelmus de Neuill deb. 
xv.s. de eodem. Hugo Buissel deb. vj.m. de eodem. Hugo Nonfeis] 

deb. ij.m. de eodem. 

Kobertus le Vauasur deb. iiij.m. et dim. de iij° Scutagio. 
Kicardus de Mida deb. viij.m. et j palefridum pro habenda villa. 
Teobaldus Walteri deb. vj.li. et ix.s. et vj.d. de pluribus debitis 
sicut continetur in Eotulo v to . 

De Oblatis. 

Hugo Buissel et Kobertus Buissel r.c. de quater xx et vij.li. et 
xj.s. et xj.d. sicut continetur in Kotulo vj°. In thro xix.li. et 
xviij.s. et vij.d. per manus constabularii Cestriie. Et deb. lxvij.li. 
et j.m. Idem r.c. de eodem debito. In th'ro xx.li. Et deb. xlvij.li. 
et j.m. 

Eieardus de Mida deb. j palefridum et j chascur sicut con- 
tinetur in Kotulo vj to . Kobertus Buissel deb. cm. pro habenda 
inquisitione. 

Comes Kogerus [debet] ij.m. de vj Scutagio. 

Adam de Otteleia r.c. de dim. in. de eodem. In th'ro lib. 

E. Q. E. 

Willelmus Esturmi deb. dim. m. de eodem. Kobertus 
Bertram deb. ij.m. de eodem. Hugo Buissel et Kobertus Buissel 
deb. viij.s. de eodem. Radulphus Frasier deb. ij.m. de eodem. 

Adam filius Adse debet j palefridum sed vicecomes respondet 
infra de lxvij.s. et x.d. pro palefrido, et ideo non debet summoneri. 

Abbas de Furneis debet l.m. et ij palefridos de fine, sed 

Gilbertus filius Keinfridi respondet infra de l.m. Et deb. idem 

Abbas ij palefridos. 

Yeruerch de Hilton r.c. de j.m. pro serianteria. In th'ro lib. 

E. Q. E. 

De vij Scutagio. 
Willelmus Esturmi deb. xxvij.s. et x.d. de eodem. Kogerus 
de Muriels r.c. de j.m. de eodem. In th'ro dim. m. Et deb. 
dim. m. 



2°»0 THE LANCASHIRE PIPE R0LL3. 

Hugo Mal<?t deb. v.m. de eodem, sed respondet in Lincollsira 
Willelinus de Greseleia deb. xl.s. de eodem. Willelmus de Neuill 
deb. v.m. de eodem. Willelmus filius lioscelini r.c. de iij.m. et dim. 
In th'ro j.m. Et deb. ij.m. et dim. 

liogems de Ynstancslega r.e. de dim. m. de eodem. In th'ro lib, 

EQ.E 

Adam de Otteloia i.e. de j.m. de eodem. 

De Obttttis. 

Willelmus Gernet r.c. de xxv.li. et xj.s. et x.d. et j palefrido 
pro habenda baillia sicut continctur in Kotulo ix°. In th'ro ix.li. 
et xviij.8. et vj.d. Et deb. xv.li. et j.m. et j palefridum, sed Hugo 
de Neuill respondet hide in eompoto suo post Wiltesiram in Anno 
prteterito. 

Kngerus Gernet r.c. de lij.m. et dim. pro habenda tota baillia 
sicut contiuetur ibidem. In th'ro ij.m. et dim. Et Philippus 
filius Holegod debet cum acquietare per breve Begis. 

Hugo de Morton deb. ij.m. et dim. pro habenda pastura sicut 
con tine tur ibidem. 

Computus terrarum Teohakli Walteri. 

Idem vieecomes r.c. de xxix.li. et ix.s. et iiij.d. de firma de 
Wapcntac de Agniunderncss. Et de IxxviJ.s. et vj.d. de per- 
quisitionibus. Et de xj.li. et xij.d, de firma dominiorum pneter 
])artem quam Matilda qua 1 fuit vxor T[eobaldi] Walteri habet in 
dote. Et de lxxviij.s. et vj,d. de exitibus pnedic-tarum terrarnm. 

Summa xlviijji. et vj.s. et iiij.d. In th'ro xliiij.li. et viij.s. et 
x.d. Et deb. lxxvij,s. et vj.d. 

De Oblatis. 

Hugo de Morton r.c, de xij.m, et dim. et j Spiruario cercel- 
lario et j Brachetto pro habendis ij carrucatis terra? sicut con- 
tinetur in Botulo pnecedenti. In th'ro vj.m. et dim. Et deb. 
vj.m. et j Spiruarium et j Brachettuin, sed respondet infra. 

Adam iiliue Orm r.c. de iij.m. et iiij.s. et iiij.d. pro Justicia 
Rogero Gernet. In th'ro ij.m. Et deb. xvij.s, et viij.d. Idem r.c. 
de eodem deb. In th'ro v.m. et dim, Et deb. dim. m. et j Spi- 
ruarium et j Brachettuin. 

De placitis foreztce per Hufjonem- de Neuill. 
Idem vieecomes r.c. de lx.s. et iij.d. de Willelmo Pincerna. 
Et de lxvij.s. et x.d. de Adam filio Ada; de Kellet. In th'ro lib. in ij 
talliis. E. Q. E. 



iioll of 11 john (1208-1209). . 231 

Willehnus Gernet debet xlvij.lL et xiij.s. et iiij.d. et j palje- 
fridum de Areragiis finis sui, sed non debet suminoneri quia per 
errorem positus fuit hie in summonitione. 

Rogerus Gernet deb. x.m. pro habenda terra sicut continetur in 
Rotulo pnecedenti, sed inde quietus est in Rotulo prrecedenti, ef 
supra in hoc Rotulo. 

Gilebertus filius Reinfridi r.c. de l.m. quas rqcepit de Abbate de 
Furneis. In th'ro lib. E. Q. E. 

Elyas de Pennebire r.c. do j.m. pro praecipe. In th'ro lib. 

E. Q. E. 

Leticia de Say deb. xx.s. pro expeditura canuni suoruin. 

Nova Oblata. 

Abbas Sagiensis r.c. de ccm. et ij palefridis pe? sic quq4 cuin 
prioratum Lancastria? vacare contigerit, possit prsesentare duos de 
Monachis suis Regi ad prioratum ilium, ita qimd Rex alteram 
illorum quern volueiit ad prioratum ilium admittat, ita et quod 
pnedictus Abbas nullum priorem a prioratu illo amovebit sine 
assensu Regis. In th'ro xx.m. Et deb. c et quajber xx.m. et jj 
palefridos, sed respondet in Sudsex. 

Idem Abbas debet xxx.m. pro liceutia tranafretandi, serf 
respondet in Sudsex. 

Beatrix quae fuit vxor Hugonis de Morton 1 r.c. de xv.m. quQjLl 
non distiingatur ad se niaritandani, sed market se quando yoluerit 
In th'ro xiiij.m. Et deb. j.m. 

Adam de Wigani r.c. de j.m. pro habendo pone coram Rege inter 
ipsum Adam et Tomam /ilium Yuonis de Natiyitate ipsius Tonue. 
In th'ro lib. ' E. Q. E, 

Jordan filius Hugonis d,e Mitton deb. xx.s. ut deliberetur a 
prisona, sed respondet infra. 

Ammerciamenta per Simonem de Patpshull et Adfxm de Portu. 
Margareta qua} fuit [uxor] Siwardi r.c. de xvj.d. de tercia parte 
uniu8 tofti in Preston. 

Idem vicecomes r.c. de cp et Ixj.li. et viij.s. et v.d. de Miseri- 
cordiis hominum quorum nomina et debita annotantur in Rotulo 
quem praedicti liberaverunt in thesauro. In th'ro lib. in ij talliis. 

E. Q. E. 
Ricardus filius Roberti r.c. j.m. pro licentia conc.ordandi per 
plegium Roberti de Grcseleia. In th'ro lib. E. Q. E. 

1 read Mitton. 



232 THE LANCASHIRE PIPE ROLLS. 

Pobertus de Preston r.c. de j.m. quia retraxit se. In th'ro dim. 
in. Kt deb. dim. in. 

Jordanus iilius Hugonis r.c. de xx.s. ut possit esse sub plegiis. 
In th'ro lib. K Q. E. 

Yun de Lunguiliers r.c. de dim. in. pro licentia concordandu 
In th'ro lib. EQ.R 

Adam de Preston [delwt] dim. m. quia retraxit se. Kogcrus de 
(■laelon r.c. de dim. in. pro eodein. In tli'it* lib. E. Q. E. 

Elvas de Penncberi r.c. de xx.in. pro tiuns^ressione. In th'ro 
x.m. Kt deb. x.m. Idem r.c. de eodem delate In th'ro nil. 
Et in pcrdunis ipsi Ely;c x.m. per breve He«jis. E. Q. E. ■ 

(irimbald de Ellebal r.c. de j.m. pro licentia eoncordandi. Ill 
ih'rolih. EQ.R 

NOTEH OX THE PIPE ROLL OF Jl JOHN (MICH. 1208-MICiI. 1209). 

Two items of ex])enditure by the Sheriff call for notice. Seven 
wooden towers ready for conveyance, and doubtless intended for 
use in the campaign in Ireland, bad been provided by the Sheriff 
according to orders, at the cost of .£:> each. The maintenance of 
two ottrr pens or cages, with fourteen otter hounds, amounted to 
(Kk Tlie Pi]ir Pull*, tbe Lih'nttv t ani{ the Misa: Hulls contain many 
entries relating to tin* Kind's ex]>euditure upon hawks and hounds. 
A large sporting establishment travelled with the Court. 

Nova oulata. — The Abbot of Seez proffered 200 m. and two 
palfreys for a composition with the King touching the presentation 
of a Prior to the Priory of I-ancaster, on the following basis— that 
upon a vacancy the Abbot should present two of his monks to the 
King, who would then admit one or the other of them. On the 
part of tbe Abbot it was agreed that no Prior was to be removed 
without the King's consent. The Abbot also proffered 30 m. for 
licence to cross the scaaiiain to Xormandv. 

Peatrice, widow of Hugh de Mittou, proffered 15 m. that she 
might not be constrained to marry against her will. 

Adam de AVigan proffered 1 m. for a writ to amove his suit 
against Thomas, son of Yvo, respecting the latler's nativity, out of 
the county into the King's Court. An entry in the Patent Poll proves 
that he was vicar of Wigan. Upon the resignation of Kanulph, 
Treasurer of Salisbury and parson of the church of Wigan, King 
John gave that church to Robert Durham, his clerk, by virtue of 
his right of gift, Makerlield being then in his hands after the death 
of Warin Banastre " qui in fata concessit." I»y letters patent 



roll of 11 john (1208-1209). 233 

dated 23rd April, 6 John, the King presented him to Geoffrey, 
Bishop of Coventry and Lichfield for institution, saving to Adam, 
clerk of the Church of Wigan and perpetual vicar, the vicarage 
which he had in that church. {Patent Boll, 6 John, m. 2.) 

Amerciamenta per S. de Pateshull. — Simon de Pateshull, 
Adam de Port, Henry fitz Hervy, Robert de Percy, Alexander de 
Pointon, Henry de Northampton, Ralph Hareng, and Geoffrey de 
Lisle or some of them, held assizes at Lancaster during the week 
commencing 5th October, 1208. The Roll of these Justices of 
Assize for Lancaster is not extant, but the record of final concords 
concluded before them are preserved among the Feet of Fines for 
Lancashire. Amercements in cases not particularized amounted to 
£261 8s. 5d. ; in those of which details are given — amounting only 
to eight— to £17 6s. Sd, 

Robert Grelley was suing Richard, son of Robert for the services 
and customs which he claimed from him, for a tenement in Allerton. 
Richard had denied his liability, but afterwards made concord and 
rendered the tenement which he had held — releasing all his claim 
therein — to Robert, who gave him 40s. (Feet of Fines, temp. John, 
Lane. No. 59.) 

Robert and Adam, both of Preston, and Roger de Claughton 
each owed J m. for licence to withdraw their plea?. 

Jordan, son of Hugh de Mitton proffered 20s. to be put in 
frankpledge again, which meant, in other words, that he might be 
discharged from prison, as appears in the Nova ohlata this year. 
His father died during the previous twelve months. 

Eudo de Longvillers was suing Reiner, son of Peter for four 
oxgangs of land in Birtwistle in the township of Hapton, by writ 
of assize of mort d'ancestor. Reiner made concord and acknow- 
ledged Eudo's right to that land ; whereupon Eudo granted three 
oxgangs of it to Reiner to hold by the yearly service of 6s., acquit- 
ting him of the service due to the chief lords. For this grant 
Reiner released his claim in the fourth oxgang, and exchanged with 
Eudo twenty acres of these four oxgangs, which Thomas, son of 
Gospatric formerly held, for twenty acres of land of the oxgang 
which remained to the said Eudo. {Feet of Fines, temp. John, Lane. 
No. 52.) Birtwistle had been given to Eudo by Robert de Lacy. 
(Hist, of Whalley, II., p. 58.) 

Elias de Peudlebury's amercement of 20 m. for a transgression — 
of which a moiety was -pardoned — probably has some reference to 
a dispute with Jorverth de Hulton about land in Pendleton. 



2'M THE LANCASHIRE PIPE ROLLS. 

Grimbald de ElleFs concord is not preserved among the Lanca- 
shire Fines. 



mag. rot. rir., 12 joins (1209-1210). 

(Roll No. 56. m. 7.) 
Lancastra. 

Gileliertus filius Reinfridi, Adam Alius Rogeri pro eo ut custos 
r.<;. do ccli. de firma de Lancastra. In th'ro nil. 

Et in terris datis Willelmo lilio Walkelini ix.li. in Stauenesbi. 
Et Nigello de Greseleia iiij.li. et xvj.s. in Drakelawe. Et Victori 
d j Wallingour Iviij.s. Et Willelmo Marescallo xxxij.li. in KartmeL 
Et Yereuerht de Hilton xxiiij.s. in terra de Penelton. Et Willelmo 
de lluntingefeld xv.li. in Mendham. Et Rol>erto Ruffo vj.li. et x.8. 
in Xauenesbi de dimidio anno. Et Coniiti de Derebi x.li. Et 
Galfrido Lutrel xiij.li. in Croxton in terra qiur. fnit Hugonis 
•lanitoris. Et eidem x.m. in eadem teiTa qua* fuit Willelmi de 
Sancto Albino. Et in Defalta exitus foresee de Lancastra x.li. 
Et in villa de Lancastra xx-.m. de quibus homines de Lancastra 
respondent infra. Et in Quietantia terne Rogeri constabularii 
Cestrije lxx.s. Et hieredibus Willelmi d,e Valeinjes x.li. in Corflio. 
Et Hugoni de Moreton xxviij.s. in Fornebi. Et in defalta de 
Westderebi viij.li. hoc anno sicut continetur in Rotulo x°. 

Et in Emendationc doinorum Regis xxj.s. per breve Regis. Et 
pro Justicia facienda iijj.s. Et in Operatione domorujn Regis in 
(Jastello Lancastne ccc et lij.li. et iij.s. et j.d. per breve Regis et 
per visum Johannis de Turuldesholm et Walteri propositi et 
Rogeri filii Dune. Et pro c et xvij quarterns frumenti missis in 
Yberniam xxix.li. et v.s, et pro c et xiij quarteriis Avenas missis 
ibidem vj.li. et xj.s. et x.d., et pro cc Baeonibus ibidem missis xv.li. 
Et pro quingcntis caseis ibidem missis x.li. et viij.R. et iiij.d. Et 
pro duobus tonellis vini missis ibidem c.s. Et pro mille et dcccc 
ferris equorum cum clavis lxxviij.s. et x.d. Et pro cc et lx 
Gallinis missis ibidem x.s. et x.d. per breve Regis. Et habet de 
superplusagio ccc et lxxj.li. et viij.s. et xj.d. J)e quibus c et lix.lL 
et xij.s. et ij.d. locantur ei infra in proficuo. Et c et lxxiij.li. et 
xiij.s. et x.d. infra in pluribus debitis. Et restynt ei locandos 
xxxviij.li. et ij.s. et xj.d. Et proterea lxx.s. qiios posuit in custa- 
inento cariandi balda et Bacones in Yberniam per berve Regis. 

Idem vicecomes r.c. de xiiij.li. et iij.s. et vj.d. de cremento 
Mancriorum qnie annotantur in Rotulo prajcedenti. In th'ro 



koll of 12 john (1209-1210). 235 

nil. Et in 8iio superplusagio quod habet supra xiiij.li. et 
iij.s. et vj.d. E. Q. E. 

Homines de Lancastra r.c. de xx.m. de firma villa) sure. In 
thro lib. E. Q. S. 

Idem vicecomes r.c. de lxxvj.li. et vj.s. et viij.d. de proticuo 
Comitatus de anno pneterito. Et de quater xx et iij.li. et v.s. et 
vj.d. de proficuo de hoc anno. In tli'ro nil. Et in suo super- 
plusagio quod habet supra c et lxix.li. et xij.s. et ij.d. E. Q. E. 

Dc iij Scut agio. 

Teobaldus Walteri deb. dim. m. de ij° Scutagio. Willelmus de 
Xeuill deb. xv.s. de eodem. Hugo Buissel deb. vj.m. de eodeni, sed 
respondet infra, Hugo Norr[eis] deb. ij.m. de eodem. Robertus 
lo Vauasur deb. iiij.m. et dim. 

Willelmus filius Willelmi r.c. de xx.s. de taillagio. In th'ro lib. 

E. Q. E. 

Ricardus de Mida deb. viij.m. et j palefridum pro habenda 
villa. Teobaldus Walteri deb. vj.li. et ix.s. et vj.d. de pluribus 
debitis sicut continetur in Rotulo v to . Ricardus de Mida deb. 
j palefridum et j chascur sicut continetur in Rotulo vj to . Hugo 
Buissel et Robertus Buissel r.c. de xlvij.li. et j.m. sicut continetur 
in Rotulo vj to . In tli'ro xx.li. per maims constabularii Cestrhe. 
Et deb. xxvi j.li. et j.m. Idem r.c. de eodem debito. In tli'ro xx.li. 
Et deb. vij.li. et j.m, 

Robertus Buissel deb. cm. pro habenda inquisitione, sed Con- 
stabularius Cestrise habet inde quietantiam per breve Regis, qiue 
est in fomlo Maresoali, 

Comes Rogenis r.e. de ij.m. de vj to Scutagio. In th'ro lib. 

E. Q. E. 

Willelmus Esturmi deb. dim. m. pro eodem. Robertus Bertram 
deb. ij.m. de eodem.. Hugo Buissel et Robertus Buissel deb. viij.s. 
de eodem, sed respondent infra, Badulphus Frasier deb. ij.m. de 
eodem. 

Abbas de Furneis r.c. de ij palefridis sicut continetur in Rotulo 
prcecedenti. In th'ro x.m. pro palefridis. E. Q. E. 

Hugo Buissel deb. vj.ro. de ij° Scutagio. Et viij.s. de vj 
Scutagio, sed constabularius Cestriae habet inde quietantiam per 
pnedictum breve. 

De vij° Scutagio. 
Willelmus Esturmi del), xxvij.s. et x,d. .de eodem. Willelmus 



20G THE LANCASHIRE PIPE ROLLS. 

de Greseleia deb. xl.s. de eodem. Willelmus de Neuill deb. v.m. 
de eodcm. 

Bogerus do Muriels r.c. de dim. in. de eodem. Iu th'ro lib. 

K Q. E. 

Willelmus filius Boscelin r.c. de ij.m. et dim. de eodem. la 
th'ro lib. E. Q. K 

Adam de Otteleia r.c. de j.m. de eodem. In th'ro lib. 

E. Q. E. 

rhilippus Alius Holegod deb. l.m. pro Rogero Gernet sicut 
continetur in Botulo pnvcedenti. 

Hugo de Morton deb. ij.m. et dim. pro habenda pastura sicut 
continetur in anno ix°. 

Adam filius Orm r.c. de xvij.s. et viij.d. pro Justicia Bogero 
Gernet, In th'ro lib. E. Q. E. 

Hugo de Morton r.c. de dim. m. et j Spiruario de j Brachetto 
sicut continetur in Botulo x°. In th'ro dim. m. Et deb. j Spi- 
ruarium et j Brachcttum. 

Beatrix qua* fuit vxor Hugonis de Morton 1 r.c. de j.m. sicut 
continetur in Botulo pracedenti. In th'ro lib. E. Q. E. 

Margareta qiue fuit vxor Siwardi r.c. de xvj.d. de tercia parte 
unius tofti de anno prcuterito. Et de xvj.d. de hoc anno. In th'ro 
xvj.d. Et in pitedioto superplusagio xvj.d. E. Q. E. 

Bobertus de Preston r.c. de dim. m. quia retraxit se. In th'ro 
lib. E. Q. E. 

Gilebertus filius Bciufridi deb. vj.li. de villa (firma written 

above) de Kelcseia qui requirebatur in Lincollnsira. 

Compotus terra rum Tiohaldi Waltcri. 

Idem vicecomes r.c. de xxix.li. et ix.s. et iiij.d. de firma de 
Wapentac de Agmundernes. Et de iiij.li. et v.s. de porquisitione. 
Et de xj.li. et xij.d. de firma domiuiorum, sicut continetur in 
Botulo piu'cedenti. Et de lxxviij.s. et vj.d. de exitibus pnudict- 
arum terrarum. In th'ro xvij.li. et xj.s. et viij.d. Et in terns 
wastis lxxij.s. Et in pnedicto superplusagio xxvij.li. et ij.d. 

E. Q. E. 

Idem vicecomes r.c. de c et xxxj.li. et xvj.s. et iiij.d. de 
auxilio hominum Comitatus ad operationem domorum in castellis 
Begis. In th'ro nil. Et in pnedicto superplusagio c et xxxj.li. et 
xvj.s. et iiij.d. E. Q. E. 

Idem vicecomes r.c. de xij.s. ot vj.d. de medietate pastura* de 

1 read M it ton. 



ROLL OF 12 JOHN (1209-1210). 2157 

Kaskinemor Willelmi de Neuill de dimidio anno. In th'ro nil. 
Et in prsedicto superplusagio xij.s. et vj.d. E. Q. E. 

R[ogerus] Constabularius Cestrne debet ij bohos palefridos pro 
Abbate de Stanlawe ut habeat omnia sua in pace. Alanus filius 
Kicherii debet xx.m. pro habenda saisina terne cum pertiuentiis 
quae fuit patris sui die qua obiit. 

NOTES ON TUE PIPE ROLL OF 12 JOHN (MICH. 1209-MICn. 1210). 

At this time large additions appear to have been made to 
Lancaster Castle. Upon the erection of new lodgings for the King 
within the castle, the large sum of £352 3s. Id. was expended. 
The work was supervised by John de Torrisholme, a Serjeant, 
Walter the reeve, and Roger, son of Dunn. 1 

The following stores were purchased by the Sheriff during the 
year for the use of the army in Ireland : — 

117 qrs. of wheat at 5s. the qr. 

113 qrs. of oats at Is. 2d. the qr. 

200 bacon hogs at Is. Gd. each 

500 cheeses at 5rf. each 
2 tuns of wine 
1,900 horse shoes and nails at \d. each ... 

2G0 cockerels at %d. each 
Carriage of corn and bacon to Ireland ... 3 10 

To defray this unusual expenditure the Sheriff appropriated 
the profit of the county for two years, viz. £159 12s. 2d. ; and 
the following receipts — new ferm of manors (royal demesne), 
£14 3s. 6t/. ; Margaret, widow of Si ward, 16d. for the third 
part of a toft, which she held in dower ; the ferm and issues of 
Amounderness, £27 0s. 2d. ; the aid of the free tenants in the 
county, £131 IGs. 4rf. ; issues of a moiety of the pasture of 
Kaskenmoor, 12s. dd. Total £173 13s. lOd. 

Roger, Constable of Chester, liquidated a further £20 of the 
Bussel's fine for Penwortham, and produced a writ royal granting 

1 In a recent paper upon Lancaster Castle, by Edward W. Cox, read before the 
Historic Society of Lancashire and Cheshire, on the 5th November, 1896, and 
printed in the transactions of that Society, N.8., Vol. xii, p. 93, the writer states 
that " the tower called Adrian's is of transition period, most likely built in the 
reign of John ; and its curtain waU and the now destroyed round tower to the 
north, that stood close to the south-west angle of the keep, are of the same period." 
The same writer attributes to thin period the round staircase turret on the inner 
side of the great gateway, and probably also tiie deep vault below the well tower. 
This opinion seems to find confirmation in the outlay recorded above. 



£ 


s. 


d. 


29 


5 





6 


11 


10 


15 








10 


8 


4 











3 


18 


10 




10 


10 



2.°»S TIIK LANCASHIRE PIPE ROLLS. 

acquittance of Robert Bussel's old tine of 100 m. for tin inquest, 
which writ was in the ollice of the Marshal of the Exchequer. 

The town of South Kelsey, co. Lincoln, had escheated to the 
King. It was held for one knight's fee of lioger de Montbegou. 
Possibly William de Nevill, who died before Easter, 1211, had 
been mesne tenant. 

This year the King took an aid from the free tenants of the 
county towards the expenses of building the new lodgings in 
Lancaster Castle. It was probably levied upon the same basis as 
the recent tallages. The great military tenants in the count}' were 
also invited to give assistance in making the ditches, as appears 
from the following Letters Patent — 

"The King to lioger, Constable of Chester, Roger de Mont- 
begou, Robert de (Jrelley, and William le Boteler, &c. We beg 
of you to give us the assistance of your men in Lancashire to 
make the ditches round our castle at Lancaster, and our thanks 
will be due unto you therefor, since we do not ask it by custom, 
but this time only of your favour. Witness ourself at Clarendon, 
on the 3rd day of November." (Putmt Jloll, 10 John, ///. 8.) 

The Sheriff answered for Vis. 6<l. for the issues for the half 
year of one moiety of llaskenmoor, which William de Nevill held 
jure uxvfi*, one of the daughters and heiresses of Adam fitz Swain, 
sometime lord of Hornby and Croston. Haskcnmoo*' was the 
name of a district lying around Oldham. It has not been fully 
identified. 1 

Since the 28fd March, 1208, the kingdom had lain under 
interdict. In 1209 the King had been declared excommunicate, 
and in revenge lwid seized the estates of the clergy. Roger, 
Constable of Chester, had taken the Abbey of Slanlaw under 
his special protection, and had proffered two good palfreys — which 
the King had accepted* — to obtain for the Abbot and house the 
safety and peaceable possession of their estates. 

Richard de Singleton, son of Ughtred, died before Mich. 1211. 
Tlis son and heir, Alan de Singleton, proffered 20 in. for livery of 
his father's estates in Singleton and Uroughton, ami for confirma- 
tion of the oftice of Bailiff of Ainounderness. 

1 In the survey of 1212, Roger de Montbegon is returned as holding 14 oxg. of 
land in Haskcneniore, inthanage, by 9*. 2\d. yearly, ami the moiety of a judgeship ; 
William de Nevill at* having held 13 oxg. in the same place, nUo in th image, by 
9*. 0\d. and the moiety of a judgeship; which Litter estate was then in the King's 
hand*, because the heirs had not fined for their relief. (Testa, II, fol. 82 1) 



ROLL OF 13 JOHN (1210-1211). 239 

MAG. HOT. PIP., 13 JOH'IS (1210-1211). 

(Roll No. 57. m. 1, dorso.) 
Lanhastre} 
Gilebertus filius Reinfridi, Adam filius Rogeri ut custos pro 
eo r.c. de cc.li. de firina de Lankastra. 1 In th'ro (sic). 

Et in terris datis Willelmo filio Walkelini ix.li. in Stauenebi. 2 
Et Nigello de Greseleia iiij.li. et xvj.s. in Drakelawe. Et Victori 
de Wallingour Iviii.s. Et Willelmo Marescallo xxxij.li. in Kart- 
uiel. Et Yeruerht de Hilton xxiiij.s. in term de Penelton. Et 
Willelmo de Huntingefeld xv.li. in Mendham, Et Roberto Rufl'o 

vj.li. et x.s. in Nauenebi. Et Comiti de l)erbi x.li. Et Galfrido 

Lutrel xiij.li. in Croxton, in terra quie fuit Hugonis Janitoris, Et 
eidem x.m. in eadem terra quae fuit Willelmi de Saneto Albino. 
Et in defalta exitus foresue de Lankastra XM Et in villa de 
Lankastra 1 xx.m, de quibus homines de Lankastra 1 respondent 
infra. Et in quietantia terne Rogeri conatabularii Cestriie lxx.s. 
Et hteredibus Willelmi de Valeines x.li. in Corfho. Et Hugoni 
de Moreton xxviij.s. in Fornebi. 

Et pro cccc baconibtis emptis et missis in exercitu Walliae xl.li. 
per breve Regis. Et pro c vaccis emptis et missis ibidem xxij.li. 
et x.s. per idem breve. Et pro cc liozouibus 3 xxvj.s. per idem 
breve. Et pro cc securibus ij.m. et dim. per idem breve. Et pro 
MM. trublis xxvij.s. et ix.d, per idem breve, Et in liberatione xv 
militum et lx servientum equitum cum binis equis et cccc et lxvj 
servientum peditum et quater xx et xvj carpeutariorum in exei- 
citu Walliie c et vij.li. et ix.s. per idem breve. Et in operatione 
castri et doniarum Lankastrue 4 c et quater xx.li. et xviij.s. per 
idem breve. Et in liberatione iiij or magistrorum venatorum cum 
xlix hominibus suis cum x equis et cc et xlix leporariis et cum ij bu§ 
motis canum et lij brachetis xvj.li. et ix.s. et x.d. et ob. per idem 
breve. Et in liberatione v prisonum de Ybernia per j annum 6 et 
dim. et vij septimanas x.m. per idem breve. Et in* Cariagio 
omnium praedictorum a Lankastra 1 usque Liuerpol 7 et ita usqi e 
ad Cestriam ix.li. et v.s. per idem breve. Et pro iij ponderibi 8 
casei xx.s. per idem breve. Et in suo superplusagio de ani:o 
praeterito xlj.li. et xij.s. et xj.d. 8 De quibus c et quater xx [et] ij.li. 

1 The variations in the Boll No. 60 are given in the following notes. " Lan- 
castre." s " Sfcaveneebi." * " ligonibue." 

4 "cabtelli Lancastrian ot domorum." * ** per annum." 

6 "ire." '* "u*qu?ad Liuie[.ol." 8 " vj.d. 



240 THE LANCASHIRE Pll'E ROLLS. 

et viij.s. et ij.il. locauuir ei 1 infra in pluribus dcbitis. Et Restant 
ei locandos c et quater xx.li. et xiij.s. et ob. 

Idem Vicccoiir.'.s r.c. de xiiij.li. et iij.s. et vj.d. de cremeiito 
Manerioruni qua* annoMntur in Iiotulo xj". In th'ro nil. Et 
in suo superplusagio quod habet supra xiiij.li. et iij.s. et vj.d. 

EQ.E 

Homines de Lankastru* r.c. de xx.in. de firma villa? sua*. la 
th'ro lib. E. Q. E. (sic). 

Idem vicecomes r.c. de Ixxix.li. et v.s. de pmficuo Cuiuitatus 
de hoc anno. In th'ro nil. Et in pnedicto superplusagio Ixxix.li. 
et v.s. E. Q. E. 

"Willelmus de Xeuill deb. xv.s. de ij scutagio. Hugo Norreis 
deb. ij.m. pro eodem. ltobertus le VauaMir deb iiij.ni. et dim. de 
iij scutngio. Hugo Huissel et UoIktUis l>uissel deb. vij.li. et j.ra. 
si cut continetur in liotulo vj". AYillelmus Esturnii deb. dim.ni.de 
vj° .scutagio. ltobertus Uerlram deb. ij.m. pro eodem. Radulphus 
Eraser 3 deb. ij.m. pro eodem. 

Milites Honoris de Lankastra 4 deb. xxxv.li. de primo scutagio 
assiso ad ij.m. qua? requirebantur a lloberto de Tateshal in Liu- 
collnsire. 

Be cij* Scut«f/io. 

"Willelmns Esturnii deb. xxvij.s. et x.d. de eodem. 

Willelmus de (ireselcia deb. xl.s. de eodem. Willelmus de 
Neuill deb. v.in. pro* eodein. 

I'hilippus Holegod l.m. j>ro Hogero Gernet sicut continetur iu 
liotulo xj". 

Hugo de Morton deb. ij.m. et dim. pro hulienda pastura sicut 
continetur iu Ilotulo ix°. Et j spiruarium et j braehetum sicut 
continetur in Kotulo x". »S«*d non debet suinmoneri quia non 
liabiiit, nee habere potuit pro quo promisit. 7 

(lilebertiiH filius Reinlridi r.c. tie vj.li. de firma de Kaleseia 8 
sicut couiiuciur in Kotulo pnecedeuii. In th'ro nil. Et in prie- 
dieto superplusagio vj.li. K Q. E. 

Cutti/infttH term mm Twhtthfi JF".Itm\ 
Idem vicecomes r.c. de xxix.li. et ix.s. et iiij.d. de firma de 
Wnpcntaco de Agm underlies. Et de iiij.li. et vij.s. de perquisitis. 

1 The* variations in tin* Roll No. 59 are jjivm in the following notes. " ei " 
omit f erf. * " LiincnAtrp.*' 3 " Kni^ior." * *' Lnncuj>tria\" 

* .. de » « «i filillsl ]i i t . g0i i.» 7 « finivit." ■ •« Keltu-ia." 




EOLL OF 13 JOHN (1210-1211). 241 

Et de xj.li. et xij.d. de firma dominiorum sicut continetur in 
Ilotulo xj°. Et de c et iij.s. de exitibus pnedictarum terraruin. 1 
In th'ro nil. Et in terris vastis lxxij.s. Et in pnedicto super- 
plusagio xlvj.li. viij.s. et iiij.d. E. Q. E. 2 

[Idem vicecomes r.c. de viij.s. de mcdietate pastime de Kas- 
kinemor. In th'ro nil. Et in pnedicto superplusagio viij.s.] 

E. Q. E. 

Itogenis constabularies Cestrue r.c. ij bonis palefridis pro 
Abbate de Stanlawe sicut continetur in Kotulo pnecedenti. Iu 
th'ro x.m. Et deb. v. m. Sed Johannes filius suns indo quietus 
est per fineni annotatuin in Eotulo sequent i in Ebor. 

Alanus filius Kicardi, vicecomes pro eo r.c. de xx.ni. pro habenda 
saisina sicut continetur ibidem. In th'ro nil. Et in pnedicto 
superplusagio xiij.ni. Et del), vij.m. 

Idem vicecomes r.c. de xvj li. quas recepit de Camera Iicgis. 
In th'ro nichil. Et in pnedicto superplusagio xvj.li. E. Q. E. 

Idem vicecomes r.c. de xx.s. de blado quod fuit Mathici de 
Merton vendito. Et de dim. in. de exitu terrro Arthuri de Exton. 
Et de vij.s. et vj.d. de exitu de Iioldc. Et de ij.s. et vj.d. do 
trihus bovatis terne in Middelton. Sunima xxxvj.s. et viij.d. 
In th'ro nil. Et in pnedicto superplusagio xxxvj.s. et viij.d. 

E. Q. E. 

Amerciament a per Sahervm Com item Wintonia: et Socios suns. 
Idem vicecomes r.c. de li.wm. et dim. de misericordiis hominum 
quorum nomina annotantur in 1'ntulo quern pnedicti liberaveruut 
in th'ro. In th'ro lib. in xxv talliis. E. Q. E, 

Nova Obi ata. 

(Jilebertus de Relet* r.c. de xx.m, et j palefrido pro habenda 
saisina terne sine. In th'ro nichil. Et in pnedicto superplusagio 
xij.m. et dim. Et deb. vij.m. et dim. et j palefridtim. 

Trior de Lankastra, 4 vicecomes pro eo r.c. de ij.m. pro habendo 
quodani pone coram Kege. In th'ro nil. Et in pnedicto super- 
plusagio ij.m. E. Q. E. 

De Scutagio Scotia: non respondet hie quia fuerunt oiimes 3 in 
exercitu. 

1 " praedictoruin." 

2 After this entrr, Koll No. 59 has the additional entry which has been inserted 
here within square brackets. a " vicecoinca pro co." 

4 Laneastre. * " omnes milites fuerunt.'* 

11 



242 TIIK LANCASHIRE PIPE ROLLS. 

Ik Scutftf/io WaUia\ 

Idem vicecornes r.e. de c et lvij.m. et dim. et xxij.d. de Scutagio 
Militum honoris de Lankastra, 1 scilicet tie lxxviij feodis et dimidio 
et <juarta parte et xiiij a parte. In tli'ro xxxiij.m. et dim. et xxij.d. 
in xviij talliis. Et in pardonis (iilberto filio Reinfridi ij.ni. per 
breve Regis. Et "Willelmo Esturmi iiij.ni. Et Eustachio de 
Uoreton vj.m. de custodia terne* Ranulphi de Mereseia, Et 
(nniiti Rogero vj.m. Et (Jalfrido filio Petri j.m. Et Tomse de 
Muleton xx.s. Et Uogero de Micls' 1 (et Hugoni de Alberuill written 
abaci') 4 ij.ni. Et Roberto Greslei xxiiij.m. Etltogero Mnndbeguii * 
xvj.m. Et ConstaTmlario* xxiiijjn. Et Willelmo Pincerme 4 
xvj.m. Et Ualfrido Lutrel 4 ij.ni. Et (Jalfrido 4 Costentin ij.ni. 
Et Eustachio de Vesci ij.ni. Et Constabulario Ceslria* vj.m. de 
feodis husselloruui.* Et Rogero pauperi ij.ni. Et Gileberto de 
Kentevvell dim. m. Et deb. e.s. 7 

[Xova obit/hi.] 

[Prior de Ware deb. j.m. per sic quod Walterus clerieus et 
•Joseph us serviens veniant coram Regc. 1 [seres Artburi de Eston 
di-l>. e.s. pro relevio. litres de Bolde deb. cs. ]>ro eodeni. 

Hares Matlnci de Merton [deb.] xx.m. pro relevio terne sua?. 

Hares Siwardi de Middelton del), ij.ni. pro eodem.] 



KUJ'KS ON THE PIPE ROLL OF lo JOHN (MICH. 1210-MICH. 1211). 

There are two Pipe Ilolls of Lane-aster for the 13th year of 
King John, one, printed here in full, commences on the dorse of 
m. 1, Roll 57, the other, containing some variations given in the 
footnotes, and additions printed within »«piare brackets, commences 
on the dorse of m. 12, Roll No. 50. 

In tlie Cm-pus Comitatm the grant to Robert le IJous was 
entered as if withdrawn at Easter, 1211, but this was afterwards 
cancelled, and the grant withdrawn at Mich. 1210. The reason of 
this escheat does not appear. On 2.*>rd September, 1216, a writ 
was sent to the Sheril! of Lincolnshire to deliver to Oliver do 
Ponlchardon, the land in Navenby which formerly belonged to 
Kobert le Rous. {Close Holt, 18 John, //*. 2.) 

The Sheriir made the following payments during the year on 

1 •' Lancastrian." 2 " terrae " omitM. 3 read " Muruls," as in Roll No. 50. 
• "dc." » " CciLriu d*" « " Bastsoll/' 

7 Hull No. 50 cud* here. 



ROLL OF 13 JOHN (1210-1211). 243 

the King's account, in preparation for the intended campaign in 
Wales, 1 which, however, the King did not prosecute : — 

£ s. d. 

400 bacon hogs at 2s. each 40 

100 cows at 45. 6^. each 22 10 

200 mattocks ... 160 

200 axes . ... 1 13 4 

2,000 fishing nets 170 

In payment of 15 knights, 60 esquires with 
two horses each, 466 foot soldiers, and 96 
carpenters ... ... ... ... ... 107 9 

Building operations upon the King's lodg- 
ings and upon the Castle of Lancaster ... ISO 18 

In payment of 4 master huntsmen with 
49 attendant Serjeants, 10 horses, 249 
harriers, 2 packs of hounds, and 52 
brachete ... ... ... ... ... 16 9 10£ 

In the maintenance of five Irish prisoners for 

a year and a-half and 7 weeks 6 13 4 

In the carriage of the said stores from 

Lancaster to Liverpool, and so to Chester 9 5 

3 hundredweights of cheese (say 48 cheeses 

of 7 lb. each at 5^/. each) ... ... ... 100 

Balance due to the Sheriff from, last year ... 41 12 1 1 



Total ...£430 5 2£ 

To meet this expenditure the Sheriff' appropriates the balance 
of the ferm of the county, and various sums received this year, 

1 In connection with the abortive campaign against the Welsh, the following 
writ was issued on the 10th July, 1212, 8U in moiling the Sheriff of Lancuster to 
supply 200 halbcrriecrs from his county : " The King to the Sheriff of Lancaster, 
(inter alio*), eit\ We command you to cause to be sent to us from our county (or 
honor) of Lancaster, from our demesnes and escheats, and from those who will not 
come to arms, and from the abbots and priors of your bailiwick, two hundred true 
men, strong and healthy, with halberds, and so that there be among them some 
who know how to betake themselves to carpentry, for the which we shall be 
grateful to you. So also that they be ready and quick to enter upon our service. 
You shall cause their victuals to be provided by those for whom they are sent, for 
forty days from their arrival at Chester. Send also with them one of your clerks 
and four Serjeants to view and keep account of those who come, how they come, 
whose names you shall certify to us, and for whom they have been sent. Witness 
oureelf, at Suhata, the 10th day of Julv, 1212." (Close Roll, 14 John, m. 7, 
do no.) 

it 2 



2-44 Tllti LANCASHIRE J'IPE KOLLS. 

viz. : — New rents of the demesne lands. £14 .?>/?. iid. ; from the profit 
of the county, £7!) f>*\ ; the ferm of South Kelsey, £G ; the ferni 
and issues of Amounderness, £4G 8,s. 4//. ; issues of estates in the 
King's hands, a fine for livery of laud, and a payment out of the 
Kings Court, £20 IS/*. 1 ; .Yora abhtt* tins year, £0 VU. 4*!.; 
leaving a balance due to the Sheriff of £180 Vis. Oif/., as stated 
in the ll.jll. 

The l-alance of Hu^li de Morton's fine for liverv of 2 car. 
of land in Formhy is recited, but seisin does not appear to have 
been delivered, for the Eoll adds: — "fie need not be summoned 
(to the Exchequer to render account) because lie has not received 
seisin, nor can he have it for what he has promised." Injustice 
of this character towards his subjects was habitual to the King at 
this period. 

Amkikiamenta per Sahekum Com. Wixt. — There is nothing 
to show that assizes were held this year at Lancaster. The pleas, 
some 2T> in number, from which amercements amounting to 59£m. 
arose, had been hoard before Saier, Earl of Winchester, and his 
fellow justices. The Earl, "Williun Ihiwere, and liichard de 
Marsh were ]>arons of the Exchequer at this time. Xo final 
concords relating to Lancashire for the reign of .John, of later 
date than the 1.0th year, are to be found, except one dated at 
York in the 12th year. The numerous breaks hi the continuity 
of the Public I^cords at this time disclose the state of disorgani- 
zation of both the fiscal and the judicial affairs of the kingdom 
during the latter half of the reign. 

Nova oislata. — Gilbert de Kcllet proffered 20 m. and a palfrey 
for livery of his estate. He was son and heir of William de 
Kellet, whose death was noted in the 1st year (page 110). He 
takes the place of Henry de Kellet, who may have been his uncle 
or guardian. 

The Prior of Lmcaster proffered 2 m. for a writ to amove his 
suit out of the countv court, into the Curia LVins. 

1)E Scuta do Scotlk. — There is no reference in the Lan- 
cashire Pipe ftolls to the Scutage of the 12th year of John, "Pro 
liassaino Pegis in Hibernia." It is therefore to be assumed that 
all the military tenants did service in person or by deputy, as in 



1 One of these items lias been incorporated in this Roll within square brackets, 
from Roll No. 59. Without the interpobition of this entry, the Sheriff's account 
does not hal uice. 



holt, of 13 John (1210-1211). 245 

the Seutage of Scotland here noted. Where levied, the rate was 
iu both case3 2 in. per fee. 

De ScUTAfiio Walli.k. — This seutage was put in charge this 
year, also at the rate of 2 marks per fee. In the Honor of 
Lancaster, 78 fees, A, }, and -^th part of a fee were returned as 
owing service. In eighteen cases the ShrrifV collected the levy 
due from 1(>, J, and T ' 4 fees (£22 8s. (>//.) ami the tenants of f>7, 
§» £> 1 fees were in attendance upon the King. A balance 
remained due from og fees. The entry relating to Knst-.ice de 
Vesei is out of place; he held nothing of the Honor of Lancaster. 1 
The " Fees of the Ihissels " were Broughton, co. Leic, and Thorpe 
Morieux, co. Suff., for which Roger, Constable of Chester, now 
answers. The entrv relating to the Prior of Ware is also out of 
place. 

William de Ash ton, son and heir of Arthur de Ashton 
(deceased before Mich. 1212), proffered 100*\ for livery of his 
estate in Ashton in Amoundernes?. While in the King s hands 
this estate had yielded A in. for corn sold. 

Richard de Bold died before Mich. 1212. Adam, his son and 
heir, proffered 100-s. for livery of 4 car. in Bold and La Quike 
(or Lawycke). The issues while in the King's hands amounted 
to 7s. Gd. 

The heir of Matthew de Martin proffered 20 m. for livery of 
his land in Martin, in West Derby hundred. The amount of this 
fine is explained by a subsequent entry, where Matthew's chattels 
are accounted for to the King. His father had probably " dis- 
appeared about the time of the last Lancaster Assizes ! " The 
issues of the land while iu the King's hands amounted to 20s. for 
corn sold. 

Henry de Middleton, son and heir of Si ward de Middleton 
(deceased before Mich. 1212), proffered 2 m. for livery of ,\> oxg. 
iu Middleton in West Derby hundred, which he held in tlianage, 
by the service of u.s\, and the fourth part of a judgeship. The 
issues receivable by the King amounted to '2s. ijtL 



1 "Line. Eustacius de Yesey tenet Cattliorp et Sokam in capite de domino 
Eege in duniiiiico de baron ia sua." {Te*fa t II., f. 543.) 



246 THE LANCASHIRE PIPE KOLLS. 

MAG. HOT. PIP., U ET 15 JOH'IS (1211-121:1), 

desunt. 



Exccrpta c Ilulalu Fiiuaui i/c anno 15 Jutiix. 

Zancastra. 

Thurstamis Banastre obtulit domino Begi per Galfridum 
(lecanum de "Walelega sexaginta marcas pro habenda inquisitioiie 
per legates et diseretos liomines de visneto de Makerefeld utruni 
Makerefeld cum pertinentiis eidem Turstano hereditaria descen- 
dere debeat necne, ex parte Boberti Banastre patris aui et Guarini 
fratris sui eujus hseres ipse Turstanus est ut dicit. Et pra^ceptum 
est vicecomiti quod ab eodern Turstano de ill is sexaginta marcis 
securitatem capiat, et iuquisitionein per legates et discretos 
homines faciat, per tales per quos melius et cititis Veritas sciri 
possit: et inquisitionem quam inde fecerit domino Begi sub 
festinatione et sine dilatione scire faciat, quia idem Thurstamis 
domino Begi dabit quingentas marcas si inquisitio dederit quod 
pranlicta terra ut pranlictum est eidem Thurstano haTeditario 
descendere debeat. Apud Eboracum x die Septembris. m. 7. 

Tim rs tan us Banastre finem fecit cum domino Bege per quin- 
gentas marcas pro habenda Makefeld cum pertinentiis suis, qua 1 
ei haTeditarie descendere debet per Bobertum Banastre et Wari- 
num fratrem ejus, cujus hieres idem Thurstanus est. Et pne- 
ceptum est vicecomiti quod ab eodem Turstano securitatem capiat 
de illis quingentis marcis ad terminos subscriptos domino Begi 
reddendis, scilicet in primo anno ducentas marcas, pneter sexa- 
ginta marc, per quas finem fecit cum domino Bege pro habenda 
inquisitioiie, et in secundo anno ducentas m., et in tercio anno 
cent [in.] : et quod eidem Turstano pleuariam saisinam habere 
faciat de terra pradicta sicut pnedictuni est. Teste Bege apud 
"Westmonasterium xiiij die Octobris. Fer dominum Petrum 
Wintonensem. m. 5. 

Adam de Molinell finem fecit cum domino Bege per quadra- 
gin ta marcas pro habenda terra Bicardi patris sui. Et prteceptum 
est vicecomiti quod accepta ab ipso Ada securitate de illis xl.ni. 
domino Begi reddendis, tunc eidem Ada* sine dilatione plenariam 
saisinam habere faciat de pradicta terra cum pertinentiis suis in 
balliva sua. Pneceptum est eciam vicecomiti quod scire faciat 
per litteras suas excactoribus comitatus Lancastne quando securi- 
tatem pnudictaiu de fine pitedicto ceperit de illis xl.m. quia 



uoll of 14 and 15 jonx (121 1-121:]). 247 

mandatum est eis quod tunc eidem Adie sine dilatione plenariain 
saiBinam de praedicta terra in ballivis eoruin habere faciant. Apu4 
Henleiam xxiiij die Novenibris. m. 3. 

Ercrrpta e Rolulo Finium de anno 10 Jo/ris. 

Lancastra. 

Thomas Buissel et Henricus frater ejus, et Mabilia qua* fiii* 
uxor Willelmi Buissel dant j.m. pro habenda inquisitione, utrum 
Jiadulphus de Stanedich injuste et per odium et atyam appellnt 
ipsos de latrocinio an eo quod iude sint culpabilos, et mandatum 
est etc., et mandatum est ut inquisitionem illam scire faciat 
domino justiciario. m. 2. 

Iiogerus filius Roberti dat x.m. pro habenda saisina iiij or bova- 
tarum terra cum pertinentiis in majori Grosseby, et mandatum est 
vicecomiti ut capiat securitatem per bonos et salvos plegios ut 
reddantur ad summonitiones scacarrii. m. 3. 

Henricus [de] Reddeman [dat] terciam partem x.m. pro 
habendo brevi de illo debito versus Helewisam de Estutevill. 
Habet breve, et mandatum est vicecomiti etc. m. 4. 

Ejcccrpta e Itotalo Finium de anno 17 Joliis. 

Lancastra, 

Abbas de Furnellis dat domino Eegi x palefridos pro habenda 
confirmacione domini Regis de tota Bordale, quam habent de dono 
Aliciie de Rumenele, filiie Willelmi filii Dunekani ; et debent 
pa^ari ad Advincula Sancti Petri anno regni domini Regis xvij mo . 
Apud Oxon. xix die Julii. m. 8. 

Prior de Kartmel dat domino Regi j palefridum pro emendanda 
carta sua de libertatibus suis, et addendo in carta omnes tenentes 
Bui ; et praterea quietas clamavit domino Regi ducentas marcas 
quas de eo cepit tempore interdicti. Habent cartam. m. 8. 

NOTES ON THE FINE KOLLS OF 15-17 JOHN (1213-1215). 

Thurston Banastre's proffer of 60 in. by the hands of Geoffrey, 
dean of Whalley, had been made with the object of obtaining an 
inquiry by discreet men of the vicinage of Makerfield, whether the 
fee of Makerfield ought to descend hereditarily to him, from his 
father, Robert Banastre, and from his brother Warm, whose heir 
lie declares himself to be, or not. On the 10th September, 1213, 
the King, being then at York, sent word to the Sheriff of Lan- 
caster, directing him to hold an . inquiry into the truth of 



24S TFTF. LANCASHIRE PIPE ROLLS. 

Thurstan's declaration, because he had offered to give the King 
500 in. in case the finding of the jury should be in his favour. 
The inquiry was straightway held, and the finding of the jury 
certified, for on the 14th October following the Sheriff was 
directed to take security for payment of the fine of 500 m., and 
to give Thurstan seisin. In the Pipe Roll of 1G-17 John, the 
Sheriff accordingly claims allowance of £11 1 Is. 4rf. for two years' 
fenn of Makerfield, which had passed from his custody at Mich. 
12i:i. 

Richard de Molyneux died during the autumn of 1213. 
Adam, his son and heir, having proffered 40 m. for livery of 
his lathers estate, was put in seisin by writ dated at Hanley 
Castle, 24th November. The estate lay in Sel'ton, Thornton, 
Kuerdeii, and ]>o\vn-Lithcrland. 

Thomas Mussel and Henry his brother — younger brothers of 
Hubert Russel, son of Geoffrey, who had been associated with 
Hugh Bussel in the alienation of the barony of IVnwortliani to 
Roger, Constable of Chester — and Mabel, widow of William 
lhissi'1, proffer 1 mark for an inquiry whether Ralph de Standish 
was indicting them for larceny wrongfully, and by hatred and 
malice, or because they were guilty. The Justiciar was to be 
certified as to the result of the inquiry, when the Curia Regis 
would decide the case, in lieu of the County Court. 

Robert de Ainsdale died during the year 1214, and was 
succeeded by his eldest son Roger, who proffers 10 marks for 
livery of four oxgangs of land in Great Crosby, to which estate 
was attached the serjeanty or office of reeve of Crosby, and of the 
forest of West Derby. Roger de Crosby (or de Ainsdale) died 
before the 22nd March, 12o9, when he was succeeded by his 
brother Adam. 

Henry de Redman gives the third part of 10 marks in return 
for the assistance of the Kings Court in recovering that debt 
from Hawise de Stutevill, widow (1) of William de Lancaster II 
(1170-1184), and (2) of Hugh de Morvill (1184-1202). She held 
the lordship of Garstang in dower, and lands in Kirk Oswald and 
I<azenby, co. Cumb. 

Shortly before the year 1215, the Abbey of Furness had 
received a grant of Rorrowdale in Cumberland from the Lady 
Alice de Romilly. An account of this grant, and a copy of the 
very interesting charter by which it was effected, is to be found 
in the Annales Furnesicnses, pp. 173-5. The abbot proffers ten 



roll of 1G and 17 Jonx (1213-1215). 249 

palfreys for the royal confirmation of this grant, rendered neces- 
sary in that the Lady Alice had for the second time become a 
widow in 11 John, after the death of Robert de Courtney, having 
no issue by either of her husbands. 

The Trior of Cartmel proffers one palfrey for the amendment 
of the royal charter of liberties granted to his house, by the 
addition of the words "all his tenants" in that clause of the 
charter which granted to the monks of that house, and to their 
demesne, acquittance of suit of shire, wapentake, etc. The charter 
of confirmation passed at Woodstock 2oth July, 1215 {Charter 
lloll, 17 John, m. 5). In return for this confirmation the monks 
relinquished their claim to 200 marks which the King had taken 
from them during the late interdict. 



MAG. ROT. PIP., 16 & 17 JOIPIS (1213-1215). 

(Poll No. 61. m. 5.) 

Lanvadra. 

Gilebertus filius Reinfridi, Adam filius Pogeri pro eo r.c. de 
cccc.li. numero de firraa de Lankastra de anno xvj° et xvij , 
Regni Regis Johannis. In th'ro nil. 

Et in terris datis Willelmo filio Walkelini xviij.li. in Stauenebi 
de predicto tempore. Et Kigello de Greseleia ix.li. et xij.s. in 
Drakelawe. Et Victori de Wellingour c et xvj.s. Et Willelmo 
Marescallo lxiiij.li. in Kartmel. Et Yeruerht de Hiltone xlviij.s. 
in terra de Penelton. Et Willelmo de Huntingefeld xxx.li. in 
Mendham. Et Comiti de Derebi xx.li. Et Galfrido Lutrel xxvj.li. 
in Croxton in terra qiue fuit Ilugonis Janitoris. Et Eidem xx.m. 
in eadem terra qiue fuit Willelmi de Sancto Albino. Et in defalta 
exitus forestie de Lankastra xx.li. Et in villa de Lankastre xl.m. 
de quibus Homines villa* respondent infra. Et in Quietantia terne 
R[ogeri] cohstabularii Cestriie vij.li. Et lKercdibus Willelmi de 
Valeines xx.li. in Corfho. Et Hugoni de Mori ton lvj.s. in Eornebi. 
Et Willelmo Colmose xlviij.s. in Hamelton quam Willelmus de 
Pilketon tenuit quamdiu Regi placuerit. Et Turstano Banastre 
xxiij.li. et ij.s. et viij.d. in Makeresfeld per breve Regis. Et in 
defalta passagii de Hale cum Batello per pra*dictum terminum 
xl.s. per breve Regis et per inquisitionem factam. Et Rogero de 
Muubegun xxxvij.s. et iiij.d. in seruicio Willelmi de Tathaim in 
Tathaim et Yrebi de praedicto tempore per breve Regis. Et in ij 
carrucatis terra? quas Rex dedit Cunonicis de Cocressand de quibus 



2r>0 THE LANCASHIRE PIPE NOLLS. 

respectuantur infra xxxij.s. per breve Regis de quibus respondent 
infra. Et pro cc efc xl quarteris f rumen ti emptis ad Warnisturam 
castri de Lancastra xl.li. per breve Regis. Et pro c et xxj quarteris 
Braisci xv.li. et ij.s. et vj.d. per idem breve. Et pro eccc Baconibus 
lj.li. et xiij.s. et iiij.d. per idem breve. Et pro quater xx vaccis 
vivis xvj.li. per idem breve. Et pro c ot xxx multonibus vivis vj.li. 
et x.s. per idem breve. Et pro xx millibus allecium vj.li. et v.s. 
per idem breve. Et pro lx quarterns salis xij.li. per idem breve. 
Et pro cec quarterns Avene xv.li. per idem breve. Et pro x millibus 
quarellorum c.s. per idem breve ; de quibus debet respondere 
scilicet de tota Warnistura. Et pro c et lx quarterns farina* 
a vena. 1 et earne et sale et aliis necessariis ad Warnisturam castri 
de Westderbi xxx.li. per idem breve. De qua summa debet 
respondere, et respondet in Kotulo iiij" Regis Henrici tercii post 
Lankastram. Et in operatione ejusdem castri vij.li. et x.s. per 
idem breve. Et in liberatione c et xl servientum pedituin, 
et in liberatione x servientum equitum et Balistariorum c et 
liij.li. et v.s. per brave Regis. Et in operatione castri de 
Lancastra xxxiij.li. et xviij.s. et iiij.d. et ob. per idi*m breve. Et 
habet de superplusagio cc et quater xx et viij.li. et xvj.s. et ij.d., 
de quibus c et xlij.li. et ix.s. locantur ei infra in pluribus debitis. 
Et Restant ei locandi c et xl vj.li. vij.s. et ij.d. 

Idem vicecomes r.c. de xxviij.Ii. et vij solidis cremento mane- 
riorum qua 4 annotantur in Rotulo xj Regis Johannis de ij ,,us annis 
in tli'ro nil. Et in superplusagio quod habet supra xxviij.Ii. et 
vij.s. E. Q. E. 

Homines de Lankastra [deb.] xl.ni. de firma villa? sme de ij 
annis. 

Idem vicecomes [deb.] de proficuo Comitatus de prrcdicto 
tempore. 

Willelmus de Neuill (Tomas de Burgo written ahove) deb. xv.s. 
de Secundo Scutagio. Robertus le Vauasur deb. iiij.[m.] et dim, de 
iij° scutagio. Sed hii duo respondent in Euerwicsira in Rotulo 
pnecedenti. 

Milites Honoris de Lankastra deb. xxxv.li. de primo scutagio 
assiso ad ij.m. Willelmus Esturmi del), xxvij.s. et x.d, de vij° 
scutagio. 

Gilebertus de Kellet r.c. de j palefrido pro habenda saisina 
terras sua?. In th'ro j.m. Et deb. iiij.m. 

Idem vicecomes r.c. de iij.m. et dim. de Scutagio Wallia*. In 
tli'ro ij.m. Et in pimlicto superplusagio xx.s. E. Q. E. 



roll of 16 axd 17 johx (1213-1215). 251 

Uteres Arthuri cle Eslon r.c. de ij.m. pro releuio suo. In thro 
j.ra. Et in proedicto superplusagio j.m. E. Q. E. 

Hieres Mathei de Merton r.c. de vj.m. pro eodem. In th'ro xl.s. 
Et in preedicto superplusagio xl.s. E. Q. E. 

Comitatus de Lankastra r.c. de xxix.li. et dim. m. de fine pro 
foresta. In th'ro xiiij.li. Et in pnedicto superplusagio xv.li. et 
dim. in. E. Q. E. 

De placitis forester. 

Idem vicecomcs r.c. de iiij.li. et xij.s. et ij.d. de misericordiis 
hominum et villarum quorum nominibus proponitur litem T. in 
Kotulo pnecedenti, sed non debent inde summoned quia quieti 
sunt in Kotulo xv° Regis Johannis. 

Johannes de Hec r.c. de j.m. de eodem. In th'ro dim. m. Et 
deb dim. m. Willelmus filius Mauricii r.c. de lx.s. In th'ro xx.s. 
Et deb. xl.s. 

Villata de Preston r.c. de iij.m. et dim. In th'ro xx.s. Et in 
pnedicto superplusagio ij.m. E. Q. E. 

Adam filius Orm r.c. de x.s. In th'ro v.s. Et in pnedicto 
superplusagio v.s. E. Q. E. 

Burgus de Lankastra r.c. de iiij.m. In th'ro ij.m. Et in 
pnedicto superplusagio ij.m* E. Q. E. 

Paulinus de Grestan r.c. de xxxj.s. et ix.d. In th'ro xj.s. et 
ix.d. Et in pnedicto superplusagio xx.s. E. Q. E. 

Johannes de Turoldesholm r.c. de xv.s. et viij.d. In th'ro x.s. 
Et in pnedicto superplusagio v.s. et viij.d. E. Q. E. 

Ricardus filius Koberti r.c. de lxiiij.s. et ix.d. In th'ro xxxj.s. 
et j.d. Et in pnedicto superplusagio xxxiij.s. et viij.d. E. Q. E. 

Idem vicecomes r.c. de xx.s. de minutis particulis forestie. In 
th'ro x.s. Et deb. x.s. Petrus de Helei r.c. de ij.m. In th'ro 
dim. m. Et deb. xx.s. 

Rogerus cle Stanwrd deb. dim. m. Wilekoc deb. j.m. Ricardus 
de Ribbelcestre deb. dim. m. Terra Rogeri de Monte begonis deb. 
vj.li. Abbas de Cestria deb. v.m. pro fine essoniandi. Prior de 
Tefford deb. xx.rn. pro defalta. Tomas de Cophill deb. dim. m. 

Alexander le Wilde r.c. de xx.s. In th'ro dim. in. Et 
deb. j.m. 

Philippus de Gorlingstoc r.c. de j.m. In th'ro dim. m. Et in 
pnedicto superplusagio dim. m. E. Q. E. 

Homines Comitatus de Lankastra r.c. de iiij.li. et x.s. quia 



2;>2 THE LANCASHIRE PIPE KOLLS. 

recesseruut sine licentia. In tli'ro xl.s. Et in pradicto super- 
plusagio l.s. E. Q. S. 

liobertus tie Claiton r.c. de xij.m. et dim. et j palefrido pro 
habenda Bailia. In tli'ro c.s. Et deb v.m. et j palefriduin. 

Turstanus Banastre r.c. de xxx.in. pro habenda inquisitione de 
Makeresfeld. In tli'ro nihil. Et in pradicto superplusagio 
xxx.in. E. Q. E. 

Ysabellaqiue fuit vxor lianuulphi de Mercseia deb. xxxvij.m. et 
j palefriduin ul non distringatur. liobertus (Jreslei deb. iij.m. pro 
monuchis de Swineheued. Et vij.ni. de vij" Srutagio. 

N<n;n Obi* rt a. 

Alanus fdius liieardi club, xx.in. pro habenda in vxorem Alicia 
iilia "Willelini [filii] lioberti cum hareditate qua* ipsam cou- 
tingit de tenementis qua* fuerunt pra'dicti AYillelmi patris sui. 
Gilebertus iilius Ueinfridi deb. x.m. pro habendo marita^io Mar- 
gareta* filia.' Willelmi tilii Koberti. JSed non debet sinmnoiieri quia 
non habuit, nee habere potuit ]>ro quo proinisit. JJicardus lilitiH 
Yerverth deb. xx.in. pro relevio suo et pro habenda terra qiue 
ipsum contingit de tencmentis qua 1 fuerunt patris sui. Willelmus 
rincerna cleb. j equuin pro habenda peticioue lxegis ad Alinani de 
Furncis, ut ipsa eum capiat in viruni. liicardus de Mida clericus 
deb. iiij or palefridos pro habenda saisina terra* sua 4 de AValeton et 
Fornebi et de Hale, quam habet de liege ad firmani et mule eartam 
licgis habet. 

Abbas et Cauonici de Cokeresand [deb.] iiij.li. de ij annis de 
h'rma ij arum carrucataruni terra; cum pertinentiis in Neubigging 
iuxta Singelton, qiue solebant reddere per annum ad firmain 
Comitatus xvj.s. 

Gilebertus iilius Ueinfridi [deb.] xij Millia niarcarum pro 
habenda benevolent ia lfegis, et ut Willelmus de Lancastra filius 
suus et lladulphus de Aencurt et Lambertus de Ihisai milites sui 
deliberentur a prisona, qui eapti fuerunt in Castro liofensi, et ut 
quietus sit de omnibus demandis de tempore praterito usque ad 
Purificationem Beatae Marise anno Uegis xvij°, salvo rationabili 
compoto suo sine oceasione de tempore quo fuit Baillivus Itegis. 

De Scatagio Pictauensi assiso ad iij.m. 

Idem Vicecomes r.c. de c et lvij.li. et xij.s. et ix.d. de Scutagio 
Militum Honoris de Lankastra, scilicet de Ixxviij feodis et dimidio 
et iiij a parte et xiiij a parte. In thro nil. Et in pardunis Con- 



ROLL OF 16 AND 17 JOHN (1213-121:)). 233 

8tabulario Cestrire xxxvj.m. de xij feodis. Et cideni Constabulario 
ix.m. de feodo Busselli per breve P[etri] Wintonensis episcopi. Et 
deb. c et xxvij.li. et xij.s. et ix.d. 

Compotus tcrrarum Teohaldi Written. 

Idem vicccomes r.c. de lviij.li. et xviij.s. et viij.d. de firma 
de Aimiiidernes de duobus ami is. Et de lv.s. et iij.d. de firnia 
dominiorum ejus terra* de quarta parte anni antequam reddetur 
Keginaldo de l'ontihus per breve Remits. Suiniua lxj.li. et xiij.s. et 
xj.d. In th'ro nil. Et in pnedicto superplusagio quod hahet 
supra lxj.li. et xiij.s. et xj.d. E. Q. E. 

Idem viceeonies r.c. de win. de coriis quater xx t! vaccarum 
venditarum de Warnistnra castrorum. Et de xxvij.s. et j.d. de 
coriis oviuni venditis. In th'ro nil. Et in pnedicto superplusagio 
vij.m. et v.d. E. Q. K. 

Gilehertus filius Reinfridi r.c. de vij.li. de iinna de Neubi qua* 
fuit Ranulphi de Sides de anno xv° et xvj° et xvij° Ee^is Johannis, 
scilicet iij.in. et dim. per annum. 

Idem Gilebertus [deb.] cc et lv.li. et xvij.s. et vj.d. et ob. do 
remanenti compoti tcrrarum Roberti de Turncham, sicut conti- 
netur in Euerwicsira. Et x.li. et vij sol. et vj.d. de amerciamentis 
hominum Constabularii (Vstrirc ultra moras quas ipse recepit. 

Idem (Jilebcrtus [deb.] de blado de Hakenct manerio de Witcbi 
dc ij bu8 annis apreciato ad lx.m. 



NOTES ON TUB PIPE JtOLLS OF 10 AND 17 JOHN (MICH. 1213-MICII. 

1215). 

Adam fitz Roger, on behalf of Gilbert fitz Reinfred as cuslvs, 
accounts for the ferm of the Honor for a period of two years. 

William Colmose (or Corhnore), who appears to have been a 
royal huntsman at Ongar, co. Essex, had received for his main- 
tenance while in the King's service twenty-four solidates of land 
in Hamblcton, to hold during the King's pleasure. This land 
had been previously held upon the same terms by William de 
Pilkington, viz., the service of 24>. yearly. The writ to the Sheriff 
to deliver seisin is dated 18th June, 1213 (Close Roll, 15 John, 
m. 2, m. 5.) l^ess than two years previously, this township, con- 
sisting of three carucates of land, had been returned as held in 
drenga^e tenure by the men of Ilamelton for 24s. yearly. (Testa, 
II, f. 821.) 

A fo\ry over the Mersey between Hale and Runcorn had 



254 TIIK LANCASHIRE PIPE KOLLS. 

formerly yielded an annual ferm of 20s., which had not been 
forthcoming for two years past. An inquest called to inquire 
into the cause of the default testified to the want of a boat, 
perhaps also of ferrymen, and the Sheriff had accordingly received 
the King's authority to ease his ferm by 3 m. 1 

On the 21st June, 1215, the King sent word to the Sheriff 
to give "to our dearly beloved and trusty" subject, Roger de 
Montbegon, eighteen solidates and eight denariates of rent, to wit 
the service of William de Tatham in Tatham and Ireby, " which 
we gave him whilst w T e were Count of Mortain," to hold by the 
service of a sor sparrow hawk. (Close Roll, 17 John, m. 31 ) 
Accordingly the Sheriff eases his ferm of 37s. 4(1. for the past two 
years. 

By charter dated at Freckenham 28th July, 121G, King John 
jmve to Cockersand Abbev two carucates of his demesne land at 
Newbigging, near Singleton, which used to render lG.s. yearly, by 
the hands of the Sheriff, to hold by the yearly service of 20s\, 
payable at Lancaster at Michaelmas and Easter. The grant also 
included a wide range of franchises. (Charter Roll, 17 John, part 1, 
m. 5 ; Cockemmd Cfiartulary, p. 40.) 

The Sheriff had recently purchased large quantities of provisi 
for the munition of Lancaster Castle, viz. : — 



240 qrs. of wheat, at 3s. 4d. per qr. 
121 qrs. of barley, at 2s. 6d. per qr. 
400 bacon hogs, at 2s. 7d. each . . . 

80 cows (alive), at 4s. each 
130 wether sheep (alive), at Is, each 
20,000 herrings, at ihL the long hundred 
GO qrs. of salt, at 2s. per stone ... 
300 qrs. of oats, at Is. per qr. 
10,000 quarrels for the crossbow 



• % 



Total 



£ 


s. 


d. 


, 40 








15 


2 


6 


, 51 


13 


4 


, 16 








6 


9 





6 


5 





, 12 








. 13 








5 








£1G7 


9 


10 



1 " Ricardus filius Henrici del Shaghe tenet de eodem Comite ij acras terrae in 
Apclton pro quodam past&gio invenicndo cum quodain batello et duobus hornini- 
bus super Mersc quibuncunque .... venientibus ultra aquam de Wj denes 
usque Ituncor, et e converse, absque aliquo inde dando." (Imjvix.p. m. lieu, de 
Lacy, a.d. 1311. Escaefa, 4 Edw. II, No. 51.) 



ROLL OF 1G AND 17 JOHN (1213-1215). 255 

For the munition of West Derby Castle — 

£ s. d. 
160 qrs. of wheat and oats, meat, salt, and 

other requirements ... ... ... 30 

Expended in work upon the said castle ... 710 



Total £37 10 

£ s. d. 
In the payment of 140 foot soldiers, 10 

esquires, and crossbow men ... ... 153 5 

Expended in work upon Lancaster Castle ... 33 18 4£ 



Total £187 3 4 J 

The total of these three accounts amounts to £392 os. 2 J*/., in 
addition to which the Sheriff claimed allowance of £200 12$. 
under the heading " in terris datis," including the ferm due from 
the borough of Lancaster and from Cockersand Abbey. Grand 
total £688 156*. 2^d. To meet this, he computed £400 from the 
ferm of the comitalus, and £142 8s. lOrf. in various receipts com- 
puted in the Pipe Roll, outside the corpus tvmitatus. Total 
£542 8s. li)d. The balance of £146 6s. 4±d. remained to be 
allocated to him. 

Thomas de Burgh had married Sarra, daughter and heiress of 
William de Xevill. He now answers for the old debt of 15s. due 
from his father-in-law upon the second scutage. He had, however, 
answered for it in the Yorkshire Koll of the 15th year. 

A comparison of the "oblata" of this Roll, and of the 13th 
year, proves the loss of the Roll for the 15th year. It is al.so 
referred to in the present Roll (page 251), and appears to have 
contained particulars of the eyre of the forest Justices. 

De placitis forest.*;. — A forest assize had been held within 
the county during the fiscal year ending at Mich., 1213. It seems 
hardly possible that the estates of the persons amerced by the 
forest Justices could have fallen in all cases under the jurisdiction 
of the forest, widely extended as that area was. Possibly the 
forest Justices also dealt with cases of ordinary assize. 

Peter de Healey held an estate in Healey, in Chorley township. 
Roger de Stanworth, of Stan worth, in Wheelton, had acquired thi>t 
estate in marriage with one of the daughters and heiresses of 
William, sou of Alan, lord of Gumiolfs moors. The Abbot of 



256 THE lAXr.WSIIIUK PIPE ROLLS. 

Chester's ani?rcement was in respect of his estate of one carucatc 
of land in Kufford, acquired in almoign from Richard Bussel; 
that of the Trior of Thetford was in respect of lands in Croston 
and Tarleton, granted by Koger de Montbegon. (JfonmticoH, V, 
]). 144.) Thomas de Cophill, probably father of Kichard, son of 
Thomas, who gave lands in ( -oppull to Burscough Briory, was lord 
of that township. These estates all lay in Leylandsliire. 

Hubert de Clayton owed 12i m. and a palfrey for confir- 
mation and livery of the oflice of bailiil' of Leylandsliire, a 
serjeanty previously held by Ceroid de Clayton, now probably 
deceased. 

Kanulf de Marsey died before 11 John, his son and heir, 
Koger, being in ward to Kustace de Morton when the survey of 
1211-12 was made. Isabel, the widow, owed o7 m. and a 
palfrev for licence to marry whom she would. 

Nova ohlata. — Alan de Singleton, son of Kichard, pro Hers 
20 in. to have to wife Alice, daughter and co-heiress of William de 
Winwick, son of Hubert, together with the share of her father's 
tenements which was her inheritance. The estate consisted of 
live carucates of land in Thornton, in Amounderncss, cum- memhris, 
held of the King in thanage by the yearly service of 20.$. Hubert 
de Winwick had given one carucatc of this land, in Steyna, to 
Ughtred, son of Huck, grandfather of Alan de Singleton aforesaid, 
who was tenant thereof in the year 1212. (TV*/,/, 11, f. 820.) The 
marriaue of the other daughter and co-hcimss, Margaret de Win- 
wick, had been purchased by Baldwin Bhindol for 20 m., not- 
withstanding which, after a proffer of 10 m. bv Gilbert fitz 
Keinfred had been refused, we find that she had surreptitiously 
married Michael de Carleton, who afterwards — viz, 27th January, 
1221 — made line by payment of 10 m. to the King for pardon 
in marrying her without licence. (Fine 7tV/, F> lien. Ill, m. 8.) 
Upon the death of Margaret, or Margery de Winwick in the year 
1258, her purparty descended to her sou Kichard de Thornton, and 
in the vear 1320 Lawreuce, son of Robert de Thornton, held a 
moiety of the manor of Thornton by homage and service 8s. The 
other moiety descended in the family of Singleton, and subse- 
quently passed by marriage to the Banastres, being held in 1320 
bv Adam, son of William Banastre. 

Jorwerth de Uultoy,*un of Bleddyn, died before Mich., 1215. 
Kichard, his son, pnuiu/i a line of 30 in. for his relief of that 
portion of his father's estate which was his inheritance. Accord- 



ROLL OF 16 AND 17 JOHN (1213-1215). 257 

ing to the Hulton pedigree, Kichard was the second son, and 
Robert the eldest; but it is more than probable that Richard 
was the eldest, as he is here named as paying relief. The names 
borne by the two earliest known members of this family suggest 
kinship with that Jorwerth, son of Bleddyn, son of Cynfyn, who 
was the leader of the party of Welshmen whom Henry T. won over 
to his side during the rebellion of Robert of Belesme in the year 
1102, and who was defrauded by that sovereign of the lands which 
had been promised him, and kept in prison for several years. 
{Freeman s Norman Conquest, V, pp. 173, 211.) 

William le Boteler, of Warriugton, owed a charger for a 
petition from the King to Aline de Fumess, widow of William 
le Fleming, that she would take him in marriage. She had 
previously purchased the right to marry whom she would 
(page 185). The petition was successful, and shortly afterwards 
she became his wife. 

On the 1st August, from Bridgenorth, the King sent word 
to the Sheriff to take security from Richard de Meath, clerk, 
for the payment of four palfreys, and thereupon to put him in 
seisin of his estates in Walton, Formby, and Hale. The woods 
and the tallage of villeins were reserved to the King, and further 
the said Richard was not to levy any distress upon that land 
or upon the villeins. {Fine Roll, 17 John, vi. 7.) 

Gilbert fitz Reinf red's fine of 12,000 m. has reference to an 
episode in the barons' war with King John in the autumn of 
1215. On the 8th October William de Albini and a number 
of other barons and knights threw themselves into Rochester 
Castle, and held it on behalf of the barons against the King, 
who commenced to besiege it on the 11th October. On the 
30th November the garrison surrendered. Among the defenders 
were Gilbert fitz Reinfred, his son William de Lancaster, and his 
knights Ralph de Aincurt and Lambert de Bussi. To obtain the 
King's pardon for himself and the release from imprisonment 
of his son and knights, and that all claims against him for the 
past up to the feast of the Purification (2nd February, 1216) 
might be remitted — saving his reasonable account, without 
vexation for the time during which he was the King's bailiff — 
Gilbert proffered the above fine. 1 To ensure faithful performance 

1 This confirms the supposition that the Exchequer had never received any 
account from the Sheriff of Lancaster for the 14th and 15th years of King John. 
Probably the accounts had been lost during the disturbances of that period. In 

S 



258 THE LANCASHIRE PIPE KOLLS. 

of his service to the King and payment of the fine, the following 
hostages were required, viz.: — Benedict, son and heir of Henry de 
Redman ; the eldest son of Roger de Kirkliy by his wife, the 
daughter of the said Gilbert; the foii and heir of William de 
Windlesorc by his wife, the niece of the said Gilbert; the son or 
daughter being heir respectively of Ralph de Aincurt, Roger de 
Rurton, Adam de Yealand, Thomas de Rcethain, Walter de Strick- 
land ; the daughter of Richard de Copeland ; and the son of Gilbert 
de Lancaster. Further, the said Gilbert delivered up to the King 
his castles of Morhull 1 and Kirkby Kendal, to deal with as he 
would. This was transacted at Berwick-on-Tweed on the 22nd 
January, 1216, before Ranulf, Earl of Chester, William, Earl 
Ferrers, Roger de Montbegon, and Alexander de Dorset. (Fine 
Roll, 10 John, m. 6.) At the same time Gilbert, by his charter 
attested by Ranulf, Earl of Chester, William, Earl of Ferrers, 
Roger de Montbegon, and William de Cantelow, covenanted with 
his lord John, the illustrious King of England, that all the days 
of his life he would faithfully serve him, and his heirs begotten 
of Lady Isabella, Queen of England, that he would not at any 
time go against them, and that if he had made any oath to 
the King's enemies, he would not hold to it, nor would he adhere 
in any wise to the charter of lilierties which the same King 
had obligingly made, which the lord Rope had annulled ; and 
that if he afterwards withdrew from this compact, he would 
incur perpetual disinheritance. For further security he found 
the hostages named above, and surrendered his castles. (Clutrter 
Hull, 17 John, Rt. I, m. 2, dorso.) Accordingly, on the 31st 
January the King sent word to Robert de Vipont to give Gilbert 
seisin of all his lands in the said Robert's bailiwick, but to retain 
his castles in the King's hands. (Close Roll, 17 John, in. 11.) 

The following were taken prisoners at the fall of Rochester 
Castle, and delivered into the safe keeping of Peter de Maulay 

addition to the fine paid by Gilbert for pardon, the King reserved to himself the 
account for these two .yean*, to he made it]) as best it mi^ht under the circum- 
stances. Probably Gilbert had to make up the lost account from memory. 

1 A name now lost. From the JnquU. p. m. of Ingelram de Ghisnes, 17 Edw. II 
(Esraeta, No. 60), it appears that the manor of Moureholme included part of the 
township of Carnforth. Probably it was the rojml of that ]x>rtion of thc"De 
Lancaster" fee in Lancashire which fell to the share of Lady Christiana de 
Lindsay, comprising lands in Whitt'ngton, Warton, Moreholmo, Carnforth, 
Scot forth, Ashton, and Nether Wyrcsdalc. See also Duchy of Lane. InquU. p.m., 
Vol. IV, No. 28. 



ROLL OP 16 AND 17 JOHN (1213-1215). 259 

by writ dated 12th December, 1215, viz.: — William de Albini, 
Thomas de Multon, William de Lancaster, William de Avranches, 
Robert de Leveland, Osbert Giffard, Robert Arsic, Alexander de 
Pointon, Eeginald de Comhill, Eustace de Morton, Alan de 
Multon, and Hugh de Ropeley. Into the custody of John 
Marshall were committed — Roger de Leyburn, Simon fitz Simon, 
and Raymond de Tychesey, into the custody of Robert de Court- 
ney — Henry de Redman, Michael de Fosse, and Robert fitz 
Geoffrey. {Close Roll, 17 John, m. 14.) 

The names of Roger de Montbegon and his brother-in-law John 
Malherb, Robert Grelley, John de Lacy, Constable of Chester, 
William le Boteler, and Adam le Sauser, appear among those of 
the northern barons and knights who had been in arms against 
the King. The majority of them made terms with the King 
for pardon and restitution of their lands, early in 1216. {Close 
Roll, 17 John, passim.) 

Scutage of Poictou. — This was the ninth and last scutage of 
King John. On the 26th May, 1214, the King sent word from 
Partenay, in Poictou, to Peter des Roches, Bishop of Winchester, 
then Chief Justiciar and Viceroy, to take a scutage at the rate of 
3 in. on each knight's fee for the campaign in Poictou. {Close 
Roll, 16 John, in. 24.) The return from the Honor of Lancaster 
comprised 78 £ \ 1 1 T fees, as in the Scutage of Wales (page 245.) 
John de Lacy's quota was excused, doubtless in consideration 
of personal service, viz.: — Clitheroe 5 fees, Widnes 4 fees, Pen- 
wortham 3 fees, and apparently 3 Bussel fees in Thorp Morieux 
and Broughton. 

The hides of the 80 cows which the Sheriff had purchased for 
the provision of Lancaster and West Derby Castles had been sold 
for 5 m. The 130 sheep's hides had realized 27s. Id. 

The remaining entries relate to Yorkshire. 



S 2 



APPENDIX TO THE LANCASHIRE PIPE ROLLS. 



Tiik Crown Estates, ok Royal Dkmesnk of the Honor of 

Lancaster. 

During the reigns of Henry II. , Richard I., and John, the 
annual form of the Conutatits, i.e. the nett revenue received from 
the Honor of Lancaster, amounted to £200, reckoned by tale, 
irrespective of all increment of rent, increased value of the 
demesne lands, escheats, and other new or casual revenue. This 
Firma Com it a ■tun the Sheriff was supposed to collect, ami account 
for yearly at the Michaelmas Audit, at the Exchequer. It is 
proposed to give a short account hen 1 of the various sources from 
whence this revenue arose, the necessarv information having been 
disclosed at various times in the Pipe Rolls. 

Refore proceeding however to deal with the comitial estate, a 
few words may be said upon the various tenures found within the 
county. We have very little information as to the state of 
property in the county, when Roger, the Poictevin resigned his 
English fief to Henry I. Nor do we know when the greater 
feudatories of the county were actually enfeoffed, or by whom; nor 
the date? of creation of the various and considerable serjeanties 
found in existence at the end of the 1-th century. Of the lands 
granted in almoign we know more, but it is not proposed to deal 
with those estates here, as some account of them will be given in 
the series of charters printed and annotated at the end of this 
volume. 

The Clitheroe fief and the Widnes lief were the earliest to be 
created. The first was given by Roger, the Poictevin, before 1086, 
to Roger de Rusli and Albert Grelley. After they resigned this 
fee, it was given to Robert de Lacy, between 1088 and 1102. 
The Widnes fief was created before 1080, probably soon after 
1070, when the Raronv of Haltou was created, of which it was 
u member. The creation of the Molyneux fee of Sefton be- 



APPENDIX TO THE LANCASHIRE PIPE ROLLS. 261 

longs to the period between 1088 and 1102. Koger cle Mont- 
begon, Pagan de Vilers, and Kobert Grelley are nampd in 
the Lindsey Survey of 1114-1116; the first holding a large 
fief under Stephen, Count of Mortain. But whether the tiefs 
of Hornby and Tottington held by Montbegon, and Warrington 
held by Vilers, were created by Koger, the Poictevin, by Henry I. 
or by Count Stephen, after he received the Honor of Lancaster 
from his uncle, c. 1114, must remain a matter of doubt in the 
absence of any distinct evidence. As regards the Manchester lief, 
there can be but little doubt that it was the estate of three 
hides and half a teamland, held by Nigel in 1086 in the Hundred 
of Salford. It is uncertain who Nigel was, but I am inclined to 
think that he was dispossessed of this fief circa 1086-88, and that 
when Albert Grelley resigned his share of the Clitheroe fief, he 
received these three hides and half teamland in Manchester, 
together with the lordship of various other estates in the hundreds 
of Salford, West Derby and Leyland, in order that he might fulfil 
the quota of knights which are afterwards found to have been due 
from the fief of Manchester, as it existed in the 12th, 13th and 
succeeding centuries. The Charter of Roger the Poictevin, which 
will be found further on in this volume, by which he gave among 
other possessions, tithes of his demesne lands in Lancashire to St. 
Martin of Sees, distinctly shows that by far the greater part of the 
demesne between Kibble and Mersey, as it existed in 1066, had been 
granted to knights before 1094, in order to meet the military service 
due from the Count's Lancashire fief. Kaskenmoor and Croston 
came to Adam de Montbegon by marriage. The barony of Pen- 
wortham was probably created by Henry 1., or Stephen, Count of 
Mortain, but it is evident that Warine Bussel I. had been enfeoffed 
of lands in the Wapentakes of Leyland and Amounderness 
between 1088 and 1100, for a portion of the estate which he had 
previously held, lying in Chippendale, Aighton, and Dutton, was 
given by Henry I. in 1102, to Eobert de Lacy, as appears by the 
abstract of a charter printed among the early Lancashire Charters 
in the latter part of this volume. As there is no mention of Warine 
elsewhere, nor of his name as a witness to any of Koger the 
Poictevin's charters between 1088-1102 — although Geoffrey and 
Albert Bussel attest one in 1094 — it seems probable that he died 
soon after the accession of William Kufus. An endeavour will be 
made later to throw a little light on the early history of this 
Barony. It is said that the Makerfield fee was given to Kobert 



262 APPENDIX TO THE LANCASHIRE PIPE ROLLS. 

Banastre, in compensation for the loss of his castle and fee of 
Prestatyn, destroyed by Owen Gwynedd in 1167. In the Pipe 
Roll of 12 Henry II., & /. Warwickshire, the Sheriff* claims allowance 
of £10 paid to Robert Banastre, and £16 VtiAd. paid to two other 
persons, for the munition of the Castles of Basingwerk, Rhuddlan, 
and Prestatyn. This is the only reference to a Banastre in con- 
nection with Prestatyn to be found in these Rolls. There is, 
moreover, no evidence in the Pipe Rolls that the Banastre family 
held anything in Makerfield in the reign of Henry II. ; on the 
contrary, that district was tallagcd in the 15 Henry II. as if Crown 
land. It seems probable, therefore, that after the loss of his estate 
at PresUityn, Robert Banastre had a promise of Makerfield, which 
was never carried into effect during his lifetime. The Walter, or 
Boteler lief of Witheton (now Weeton), wits probably created by 
Stephen, before he assumed the Crown ; the Lancaster fief in the 
latter half of his reign. 

The next important class of landowners w T as that of the 
Thanes. Their status, as revealed in Domesday, was distinctly 
servile in character, for they were bound by custom, equally 
with the villeins, to repair the King's halls and fishponds, and 
in the forest, the hedges of the enclosures, and the deer parks. In 
autumn they were also bound to send their reapers for one day to 
cut the King's crops. They rendered yearly two ores of pennies 
i.e. 'old. for each team-land. At a later period their tenure partook 
of a military character, and in the second century after Domesday 
they were occasionally engaged in arms on behalf of the King or 
chief lord, as for instance in John of Mortain's rebellion against his 
brother Richard. In the Pipe Rolls they are repeatedly classi- 
fied with the Knights (militrs). By the middle of the 12th 
century, and probably much earlier, the servile duties enumerated 
in Domesday had disappeared, doubtless compounded for in an 
increased yearly money service. This varied from 5s. per carucate 
in the lowest instance, to a rate three or four times greater. The 
amount paid for relief was usually a sum equal to one or two 
years money service, but before the date of Magna Charta, the 
amount wjis often very exorbitant. Tenure by drengage appears 
to have been very similar to that by thanage. The former term 
seems to have been synonymous in Xorthumbria for thanage. To 
give a list of Thanelands in Lancashire during the reigns ot 
Richard I. and John, would absorb too much space. It must 
suffice to say that they represented about 100 carucates, with to 



APPENDIX TO THE LANCASHIRE PIPE ROLLS. 263 

average yearly service of about 6s. 8d. for eacli carucatc. War 
pestilence, and famine, during the period 1086-1153, had 
destroyed many of this class, or had driven them to commenda- 
tion, or villeinage. 

A large area of land was held by serjeauty. To the office of 
Chief Forester — a serjeanty held by the family of Gernet from the 
time of Henry L— there was attached an estate of 21 carucates of 
land. Other serjeanties brought the total to about 50 carucates. 
Of the offices attached to these estates, besides that already named, 
there were the following: — bailiff, or master serjeant of each of 
the Wapentakes, judgeships, horn-blowing at the King's entry 
into, and progress through the county, carpentry, gardening, 
masonry, falconry, lardenery, provostry, farriery, forestry, and 
a number of petty serjeanties. Many of these estates lay near 
Lancaster, and testify to the large area of derelict lands in 
Lonsdale after the Conquest, to the sparseness of the population 
there, and the necessity of securing and retaining officers and 
servants for the Castle, by these free grants of land. 

The question as to what lands in the six hundreds, or wapen- 
takes — which afterwards constituted the county of Lancaster- 
lay within the jurisdiction of the Forest, cannot be definitely 
answered. But it is probable that Henry I. afforested, or placed 
under the Forest Laws, (1) all thane lands which fell into his 
hands as escheats, in the year 1102, and subsequently, (2) all 
estates belonging to serjeanties created during that period, or 
then derelict and afterwards given to Serjeants, and (3) some 
estates in the hands of the Crown in demesne. This supposition is 
fortified by the knowledge that the " knights, thanes and free- 
holders dwelling in the Forest," at frequent intervals during the 
reign of Henry IT., paid large sums of money for respite from the 
Eeguard of the Forest, and ultimately paid Count John of Mortain 
the sum of £500 for the charter of liberties of the forest, which is 
printed in cxtcvso at the end of this volume. The grievances of 
this class before Magna Charta were very great, for they could not 
assart an acre of woodland, or fell a tree, or pasture their cattle 
freely, nor protect their growing corn, nor their flocks, without 
living in fear of the next Eeguard. Ultimately the bounds of 
the Forests were limited and defined by a perambulation made 
iu 1228, when the whole county was disafforested according to 
Magna Charta, except Quernmore, Bleasdale, Fulwood, Toxteth, 
the wood of West Derby, and Burton Wood. 



264 APPENDIX TO THfc LANCASHIRE PIPE KOtLS. 

To return to the subject of the coiiiilial lauds. The following 
are the names of those estates, which can be proved by the Pipe 
Polls to have composed the Corpus Comitatux, as it existed when 
Henry 1I M at Mich. 1164, took the Honor of I Lancaster into his 
own hands, soon after the death of William, Earl of Warren, when 
the Finna Coinitntux was fixed at £200 ninnvro. 

Erfra Coin it at it in La ncasfrur. 

(Vlpiio. co. Suffolk (Ancient Each eat). Value £10 per annum 
given to William de Yaloines, Mich. 1108 (page V\). 

Mknihiam. ci i. Suffolk (Ancient Escheat). Value £10 per 
annum ; given to Stephen de Saukevill. Mich. 1174 (page 30). 

Stainsby, en. Derby (Ancient Em-heat ). Value £0 per annum ; 
given to William fitz Walkeline, Mich. 1 170 (page 21). 

Dkakklow, co. J>erby (Ancient Escheat). Value £4 16* per 
annum; forfeited by Nigel de Oresley, etna 1102, restored by 
Henry 1. to be held by petty serjeanty (page 21). 

('RONTON Keuiall, co. Leicester (Ancient Demesne). Value 
£20 per annum: given to Ingelram le Porter of Lyons (two-thirds) 
and Knger de St. Aubin (one- third), in exchange for their inheri- 
tance of Corsham and Conington. September 1179 (page 32). 

Wkllinuokk, co. Line. (Annnit Ihmcxn*). Value £2 18*. per 
annum ; given to Victor, at Easter. 1 187 (page 64). 

Xavf.nuv, en. Line. (Ann'mf Ex-heat). Value £13 per 
annum: given to IloWrt le lions, Easter. 1194 (page S3). 

Menimiam. co. Suffolk (Ancient Ex-hat). Value £15 per 
annum. The former grants to Stephen de Saukevill had been 
cancelled: this and an additional estate of five librates were given 
to linger de Huulingtield. Mich. 111*9 (page 100). 

X«'TTs. and I>ki:i;v. The third penny of these two counties 
(value £10 per annum) given to William tie Ferrers. Earl of 
Derbv, 7th dune. 110!) (pa^e 108). 

I n fen (_'>>niif'itnw L*incnxtci*r m 

< .'aktmel. Value £*>2 per annum : given to William Marshall 
Christmas. 1 1 St.; i.page 70 . 

Waken r.vKE of Amoixpekxess. Value — rivstun (old ferm), 
£0 : Fevm of the Wapentake, £14 9.*. 47.: Perquisites of the 
Wapentake •"'■■• "/ £4 ; Issues of the demesne. «?// ear. = £9 ; 
Korest K*i Wyresdale. pasture of Possall. etc. say £lo — Total 
£:.! 9.<. 47. (pages 8:1 212). 



APPENDIX TO THE LANCASHIRE PIPE ROLLS. 265 

Pendleton. Value £1 4s. per annum ; given to Jorwerth de 
Hulton, 10th October, 1199 (page 118). 

Pasture in Caton. Value per annum 6s. 8tl; given to 
Matthew Gernet, October, 1199 (page 118). 

Forest of Lancaster. Value of the issues per annum £10 ; 
given to Benedict Gernet, Easter, 1200 (page 118). 

Makerfield. Value £11 lis. 4d. per annum ; bestowed upon 
Warine, son of Robert Banastre, as the result of an inquiry, Mich. 
1204 (page 183). 

Salford. Value £7 19s. Gd. per annum; given temporarily 
to Owen ap David, Midsummer, 1203 (page 183). This value 
probably included the perquisites of the Wapentake of Salford, 
and the issues of the demesne in Salford cum membris. 

West Derry. Value £8 per annum. This probably included 
the issues of the demesne in Everton, Wavertree, and Thingwell, 
but the sum was only an allowance made to the Sheriff, during 
the period of removal of burgage tenants from West Derby to 
Liverpool (page 225). 

Formby. Value £1 8s. per annum ; given to Hugh de Morton, 
Easter, 1208 (page 225). 

Newbigging, near Singleton. Value 16s. per annum ; given to 
the Abbey of Cockersand, 28th July, 1215. 

Tatham and Ireby. Value of the yearly service of William 
de Tatham 18s. 8d. ; given to Roger de Montbegon, 21st June, 1215 
(page 254). 

Rossall. Value of the pasture there £5 per annum ; given to 
the Abbey of Dieulacres. (Pipe Roll, 5 Henry III.) This has 
already been included under the " Wapentake of Amoullderne8s. ,, 

Smeedon. Value 13s. 4d. per annum ; it had been laid waste 
by King Jolin to increase the area of Toxteth Hay. (Ibid.) 

Hackensall and Preesall. Value £2 4s. per annum ; given 
to Geoffrey Arbalaster by King John. (Ibid.) 

Little Bolton. Value 18s. per annum ; given to Richard de 
Hulton, during the King's pleasure. (Ibid.) 

Asiiton (near Preston) and Blackrod. 1 Value £1 10s. per 
annum; given to William, Earl of Derby, during the King's 
pleasure. (Ibid.) 



1 There is an interesting writ preserved in the Close Boll of 5 Henry IIJ., 
directing the Sheriff to ascertain the respective ferms of various manors in 
Lancashire, granted by King John, for which he (the Sheriff) was claiming allow- 



2<56 APPKOTTX TO THE LANCASHIRE PTPE ROLLS. 

Kellameim'H and Kkyxixg, members of Singleton. Value 12s. 
and ICk*. per annum, respectively; given to the heirs of Richard, 
son of Uogi.»r. (Plpr J loll, 10 Henry III.) 

Hamulktox. Value £1 4s. per annum; given to William 
Colmose, lsth .June, 1213 (page 2."i: , »). 

Hale. Value €4 10s. per annum ; given to l'ichanl de Meath, 
SHh November, 120:5 (page 172). 

Wavkkthee. Value .£1 per annum, given lo Gilbert de Walton. 
{Pipr Hull, 12 Henry III.) 

aiii-c at the nmlit ;ii the Exchequer. The original writs authorizing the 
allowance liad been lost during tlie time of the Barons' war. The following is a 
translation : — 

"Tin? King to the Sheriff of Lancaster, greeting. We command you that 
without delay you cause diligent inquiry to he made by dis-jreet and liege men of 
your county, how much fcrin in the Corpus Comifitfus the pasture, of Rossale 
bears, which King .lohn.uur fatlicr granted to the abbot and monks of DeulecrcMe, 
at the instance of our beloved and faithful Ranulf, Karl of Chester and Lincoln ; 
also what fcrm in the Corpus Comitafus the town of Shinthcdune [Sincedon] 
bears, which King John made waste for Toxtatho Hay; and what fenn in the 
Corpus Cum it at vs the towns of Hacuncsho [UackensaU] and Persoure [^PreettaW] 
bear, which King John gave to Geoffrey Arbal'istcr; and what fcrm in the Corpus 
Comitafus the lands of Alston and Blakcrodc bear, which are of the Honor of 
Pevcrcll, and in the hands of the Earl of Ferrers of our bailiwick (de biilUo 
nostra) ; iind what fcrm in the Corpus Comitafus the town of Little Bolton bean, 
which King John committed to Richard de Hultou. The inquest which you make 
in that heliulf you shall certify to the Barons of the Exchequer, in the Quindene 
of Easter, under your mniI, and the seals of those by whom that inquest shall be 
made. At Westminster, L'Oth January, [1221]." (Close Holt, 5 Henry IIL, m. 16 
do no.) The return was made, and in the Pipe Roll of 5 Henry III., the Sheriff* • 
claim was allowed. 

It in curious, to note that A.>l;ton and Black rod are described as being "of the 
Honor of Pevcrel. " This has been referred to before (p. 3ii). By writ doted at 
Oxford, 1 l'.h August, 1217, the Sheriffs of various counties wore directed to deliver 
full seisin to "our beloved nnd faithful William, Earl Ferrers, of all his demesne 
Ian K fee*, and scrvic: * of hi* men, due to him, of the Honor of Pevcrel, of the 
chastelry oi Peak, in their respective bailiwicks. (Ctusc Roll, 1 Hen. III., m. 11.) 
When the lief of Count Roger, the Poictc\in fell by forfeiture in the year 1102 
into the hands Henry T., he probably gave those two small estates (und possibly 
tome few other-) to William Pevcrel I., who attached thc:n to his Honor and Castle 
of Peak. Before the year 111 t. the King created the Honor of Lancaster, out of 
Count Roger's escheated lief, and partially out of those of Roger de Busli, 
iHirand Malct, Erneis dc Burun and other?, with the addition of some few 
manors of ancient demesne, and bestowed this •'comtec" upon his nephew Stephen, 
Count of Boulogne and Mortain. I'pon the forfeiture of the Honor of Peferel in 
1153, Ashton and Black red were to all intents and purposes annexed to the 
Honor of Lancaster, and upon the accession of Henry III. they were given with 
other estates of the Honor of Pevorel to William. Earl Ferrers, great -grandson of 
Margaret, daughter and hcirc?* of William Pevcrel IT. 



APPENDIX TO THE LANCASHIRE PIPE KOLLS. 267 

Walton on the Hill. Value £2 per annum; given to Henry 
de Walton. (Ibid.) 

Great Crosby. Value 17s. 6d. per annum ; given to I'obert 
de Crosby alias Ainsdale, and Hubert Malet. (Ibid.) 

Lytham. Value of the thanage service 9s. 2^d. per annum; 
excused the Prior of Lytham by King John. (Ibid.) 

River Mersey. The ferry between Runcorn and Hale 
rendered £1 yearly (page 253). 

In addition to these details, the Pipe Rolls of 10 and 11 Henry 
III. supply further information: — 

Wapentake of Salford. — Assized rents of Salford, P>roughton, 
Ordshall, Cadishead, Shoresworth and Tong, £5 13s. ; feefarm and 
thanage rents of Worsley, Edgworth, Heaton, Chetham, Prestwich, 
Little Heaton, Failsworth, Rivington, Hulme, Pendlebury, Reddish, 
Chorlton, Trafford, Eoyton, Oldham, a moiety of Flixton and 
Clifton £10 19s.; Sakefee £4 18s. 2d. From which must be 
deducted £7 19s. 6d. already reckoned above under Salford. Total 
£13 10s. 8rf. 

Wapentake of West Derby. — Assized rents of Everton, 
Walton, Great Crosby, Wavertree, Liverpool (£9) and West 
Derby and Formby, £30 5s. 8d. ; Thanage rents in Lathoni 
Bold, Ditton, Garston, Thingwall, Up-Litherland, Bickerstath, 
Formby, Bootle, Melling, Up-Holland, Down-Litherland, J)uwn- 
Holland, Aintree and Barton, £9 3s.; Sakefee £1 0s. 10*7., less 
£18 8s. lOrf. already reckoned above. Total £21 10s. 8d, 

Wapentake of Leyland. — Assized rent of 1 car. of land in 
Thorp [in Bretherton], 10s. 

Wapentake of Amounderness. — Assized rents of Preston (£9), 
Singleton, Ribby, Wray, Broughton, Newbigging, £10 9s. lOrf. ; 
Socage rents of Weeton and Lea, £1 10s. ; Thanage rents of Clifton 
cum mcmbris, Wood-Plumpton, Thornton, Stalmine, Goosnargh, 
Bourne, Hothersall, Alston, Ribbleton and Middelargh, £7 8s. l±d.\ 
Drengage rents of Ashton, Billsborough, Stainall and Haighton, 
19s. ; Sakefee £1 2s. ; all which items have been reckoned above 
in Amounderness, except Sakefee £1 2s. 

Wapentake of Lonsdale. — Assized rents of Overton, Middle- 
ton, Skerton, Sline, Bolton and the Mill, £9 0s. 4d. ; socage and 
thanage rents of Stapelthurn, Hest, Caton, Bolrun, Middleton, 
Kellet, Bare, Claughton, Gressingham, Poulton, Tatham and Ireby, 
£7 14s. 4d. \ rent paid by "le Fleming" in Furness £10; ferm of 



268 APPENDIX TO THE LANCASHIRE PIPE ROLLS. 

Lancaster mill, vaccaries put to feim, &c, £10 2s. 8d.; less 
reckoned above £1 5s. 4d. Total £35 12*. 

The sum total amounts to £315 6s. 10£rf., which must only be 
taken as an approximate amount, various items of revenue having 
been omitted, such as castleguard, amounting to 10s. on each of 
some 78 knights' fees, sakefee from fees not enumerated above, 
viz. Penwortham (£3 10s., page 207) ; Clitheroe, Widnes, &c. 
The difference between this sum and the ferm of the Honor 
(£200) represented the Sheriffs outgoings in the maintenance of 
esquires and men-at-arms in the Castles of Lancaster and West 
Derby, in the payment of various clerks and officials, who held 
no lands by serjeanty, iu the cost of transmitting writs to Loudon, 
in his own profit, and in many other outgoings and expenses 
connected with the administration of the County and Honor. 



THE LANCASHIRE CHARTULARY, 

11th and 12th Centuries. 

The following series of early charters has been selected from 
Monastic Chartularies, the Public Records, Dodsworth's and 
Towneley's MSS., and private muniments, with the object of 
illustrating the history of the county from the Norman Conquest 
to the end of the reign of Richard I. The first twelve series relate 
to monastic foundations in co. Lancaster, in the order of creation, 
and the subsequent series to grants and confirmations made by the 
lords of the Honor of Lancaster, or their chief feudatories. 

As such charters, together with the series of Pipe Rolls, printed 
in the first part of this volume, practically constitute the only 
available source of materials to illustrate the history of the county 
during the century which followed the Domesday Survey, the 
editor has thought it advisable to reproduce in the second part of 
this volume those which he has so far collected, in the hope that 
the list may be largely increased at some subsequent date. 



SERIES I. CHARTER No. I. 
a.d. 1093-1094. b-7 William II. 

GODFBBY THE SuEBIFF'S GBANT OF THE CUUBCHES OF WaLTONON-THE-HILL, 
AND KlliKHAM, AND THE TOWN OF GaBSTON TO THE ABBEY OF SUBEWSBUBY, 

and Count Roqeb the Poictevjn's confirmation, with the additional 
gbant of the fishbby of thelwall, and the hamlets of woolston 
and poulton. 

Register of the Abbey of St. Peter of Shrewsbury, Charter No. 371. 1 

Jiotum sit tarn prasentibus quam posted*, (ffiotoefrfoum bice- 
comttem ccclesiam sane tee Jttariae fie JKHalcton fcetrisse monacfjis 

1 From a MS. copj in the editor's possession, formerly Phillip's MS., No. 1 i, 225. 



272 THE LAXCASHIHK CHARTULARY. 

quanteam ©csitonam ct ^oltonam et bate tee Domtnto suo. 
Be rebus autcm (Kotecfritei Fiftcomitis sui, quas (teem 
(ffiotecfriteus be co babebat, ecclcsiam tee JBBaletona et tarn 
Ire Cfbercbcam [teeteit], cum quateam terra quae tetcttur 
(fierbstan, petente eoteem (ffifoteefrcteo et multis precibus 
exorante co quote in ecclesia sancti $etri baberet filtum 
suum iWonacbum nomine glebarteum. 15t fiaec omnia in 
perpetuo [conjfirmabit quieta et libera ab omni bominum 
inbasione. ®teteens quote qui bare teisturbaret gtnatbema 
cssct. ^cstc Iftobcrto, IE pis cop o tee GCcstria et f^ugpnt 
ejustecm com i tat us GComitc. 

ffiuft omnia gloriosus 3&tx f^enricus cum omnibus suprateictte 

proprio sigillo firmabit *h lEgo fL^enricus lic.x confirmabi et subscript 

+ lEgo l&ateulpbus CTantuaricnsis &rcbicpiscopus subscripsi + 

'Ego liicarteus Honteoniensis episcopus subscripsi + lEgo (SBJillelmus 

Stinensis eps. subscr. + lEgo Uobertus Hincoliensis eps. subscr. + 

lEgo Kogcrius ialcsbcricnsis eps. subscr. + ISqo ftobertus cestrensis 

eps. subscr. 15 go Ifticarteus ffrercforteensis eps. subscr. lEgo 

'STbeoteuIfus SSSigornensis eps. subscr. lEgo 3&ateulpbus <2f icestrensis 

eps. subscr. "Ego gjobanncs 23atbonensis eps. subscr. lEgo 

13cmarteus eps. tee sancto Babite subscr. 15go Daniel (sic) 

tfancomcnsis eps. subscr. lEgo Hobertus films Wcgis subscr. £go 

Sfctcpbanus (fTomcs ittoritonii subscr. !2go 3&annulpbus <£ancel- 

larius subscr. ?2go 2-ffil tlltlmus tee ^ancarbilla subscr. lEgo 

CSauffriteus tee Gflintona subscr. 1£go JSfflaltcrus tee (Kloccestra 

subscr. ISgo (Grimbalteus meteicus subscr. ISgo iKobertus tee 

Srtobrsbcria subscr. l£go ISbrarteus films ejusteem tHogcrii GTomitis 

subscr. lEgo CiffiTiIIcImus ^cucrcllus subscr. lEgo f^amunteus 

f rater ejus subscr. l£go lilogcrius films Corbet subscr. lEgo 

Iftobertus frater ejus subscr. ISgo Jpulconus bicecomes subscr. ISgo 

$&crbcrtus films f&clgoti subscr. ?Ego Ualtitomus tee Pollers 

subscr. Ego Hlgcrius benator subscr. ISgo Kateulpbus tee ©one- 
teoura subscripsi. 

NOTES. 
This continuation charter of Henry 1 to the Abbey of St. Peter of 
Shrewsbury, passed between the 4th April, 1120, the (late of the con seem t ion 
of David, Bishop of Hanger, and the 19th Sept. 1122, when Ralph, Arch- 
bishop of Canterbury died. The King herein confirm* Count Roger the 
Poirtevin's giant of a moiety of the fishery of Thelwall, near Warrington, 
i.e., that half of the fishery which lay on the Lancashire side of the Mersey, 
for Thelwall was in Cheshire ; also two hamletH called Poulton n?>d Woolaton 
lying near the fishery, being part of his demesne. Of the estates which 



THE LANCASHIRE CIIAUTULAKY. 273 

Godfrey, the Count's Sheriff had formerly held, at his prayerful entreaty the 
Count gave the church of Walton on the Hill, and the church of Kirkham, 
with land called Gai-ston, to procure the admission of Godfrey's son Achard, 
as a monk in the said church of St. Peter. All these the Count confirmed in 
frankalmoign, adding this, that whoever should seek to annul these gifts 
should be anathematized. 

It is important to note that as regards Walton, Godfrey had no longer 
any power to alienate the church, for Count Roger had resumed possession 
of this town, at the date of the grant, which would probably be soon after 
the accession of Ruf us. The Sheriff earnestly petitions the Count to make a 
grant of this church as a favour. In the confirmation of Henry II given 
below, the church of Walton is described as of the gift of the Count, and 
not of the Sheriff. I cannot help thinking that the lands which Godfrey 
held in West Derby hundred before the temporary forfeiture of Count 
Roger's estates c. 1075-1088, had not been restored when the Count recovered 
possession. 



SERIES I. CHARTER No. III. 
a.d. 1129-1133. 30-33 Henuy I. 

Writ from Henry I to Stkphkx, Count op Mortain, and Lord op 
Lancaster, commanding niM that tub Monks of Shrewsbury should 
hold the m01ett of blsfham, free from all dues, pleas, and services 
to the Hundred Court. 

Register of Shrewsbury Abbey, Charter No. 48. 

Heuricus Rex Anglorum, Stephano Coniiti Mori ton ii, salutem. 
Pnecipio tibi ut monaclii Salopisberue teneant dimidiain Bis- 
cophani liheram et quietam ab omnibus eonsuetudinibus et placitis 
et hundredis, et si aliquis calumpniaverit homines monachorum in 
Curia sua faeiant rectum. Teste Pagano tilio Johannis, apud 
Wincestre. 

NOTES. 

This is a writ of King Henry I addressed to Stephen, Count of Mor- 
tain, and lord of the Honor of Lancaster, commanding that the monks of 
Shrewsbury should hold their moiety of the vill of Bispham free and quit 
of all customs, pleas, and suits of the Hundred Court ; and that if any one 
claimed ought against the men belonging to the monks of that house in his 
Court, that they should do unto them right. 

It is attested by Pagan fitz John, who was sheriff of Shropshire in 1129- 
1130, and about that time Vitnessed other charters of Henry I. This writ 
passed at Winchester, probably within two years preceding the King's 
departure to Normandy on 2nd August, 1133, after which date he never set 
foot in England again. 



274 THK LANTASIIIRK CHAIiTULAKY. 

SERIES I. CHARTER No. IV. 
A.D. rmn 1 136-1138. 1-3 Stkimikn. 

CJIAKTKH OF PHOTKOTION AND CONFIRMATION MY DaYIU, KlNO OF SCOTS, TO 

tiik Monks ok Siikkwsbury, of tiikik moihtt of Bibpuam, akd all 
otiikit t1ieiu possessions within thk honor of lancaster. 

Hryisifrr of Shrrwsfatn/ Ahbn/, Clmrfcr Xk ,'522. 

l>avid Rex Seotorum, Justiciariis, Raronibus, Yieeooinitibus, et 
omnibus tidelibus suis totius honoris Lancastiia\ saluleni. Sciatis 
quod volo et iirmiter praeipio quod monaebi fratres nostri ecclesiac 
sancti 1 > t i tri de Salopesberia teneant et habeant mediekiteni temc 
Biscopham, et omnes alias elemosinas quas in honors Lancastrian 
habent, ila bone* (.'I plenaiie sicut in tempore aliquonun anteces- 
sonuii nieonnn melius et plenius habuerunt et tenuerunt. l'rax'ipio 
etiam si c|iiitl indc captuin est: quod cilo eis reddatur, et omnes 
homines eoruni in cadeni terra manentes juste liabeant nieam 
firniam paeem, ita quod aliquis eis injuriam vul eontuiiieliam noil 
faeiat. Testibus, Hu^one de Morvill, et Henrico filio Sweni, apnd 
Chulch .... 

NOTES. 

David, King of the Scots, was the son of Malcolm ('aiiumre, and brother 
of Matilda, wife of Henry J, and of Maria, the wife of Eustace, count of 
Boulogne, whose daughter Matilda was the wife of King Stephen. By his 
mother, Margaret, daughter of Prince Eadward, and gr.o id -da lighter of 
King Eadmund, l>aviil represented the eldest line of the Anglo-Saxon kings. 
With the object of obtaining from King Stephen the renewal of the old 
customary investiture of the Scottish heir-apparent with < 'umherland, and 
for himself the inheritance- of his queen, the daughter of Earl Waltheof in 
Northumbria and Huntingdon, he invaded the north of England in the 
early pait of the year 1 13G. 1 Owing to the powerful army which Stephen led 
into the mirth against him, he was constrained to come to terms. Within 
two years however he made two further' attempt*, in the second of which hits 
army, led by Prince William, son of 1>uncan, on the loth June, 1138 
defeated the English army at Olitheroe with great slaughter. 

It was about this time that King David granted the above charter of 
confirmation and protection to the abbey of Shrewsbury, whose monks 
doubtless considered it politic to obtain from the paramount lord a con- 
firmation of their estate in liispham, which lying to the north of the Ribble 
lay within the region of tin* old Kingdom of Xoi thumbria. The charter was 
witnessed by Hugh de Morvill, lord of ishall, and lJurgh-ii]>on-Sands. The 

1 See " The Act* of King Stephen, hv Kii-hanl. Prior of Hexham," fiurfecs Spc, 
Vol. $LIV, p. 71 >h 



THE LANCASHIRE CHARTULARY. 275 

other witness was Henry, son of Swain, lord of Langwathby and Edenhall, 
The charter passed, like the succeeding one, at a place called " Chulch'," or 
the "New Castle of Chulchet." I have not l>een able to identify this place. 
Probably it was Kelso, formerly Kilchou, or Calcehoti, whither King David 
had removed the monks of Selkirk, about 112(5-1128. The word appears 
to have been incorrectly copied from the original charter. 



SERIES T. CHARTER No. V. 
A.D. circa 1136-1138. 1-3 Stephen. 

Charter op protection and confirmation by David, Kino of Scots, to 
the Monks of Shrewsbury of the Church of Kirkham, and land of 
B is r h am. 

Register of Shrewsbury Ahbcy, Charter No. 87. 

Dauid Rox Scotorum, Justiciaries, Baron ibus, Vicecomitibus, et 
omnibus probis hominibus suis totius Honoris Lancastrian, Salutem. 
Pnecipio quod Abbas et Monachi de Salop, teneant et liabeant 
ecclesiam de Chircheham cum omnibus deciiuis et elemosinis ad 
illam juste pertiuentibus, et terrain de Biscopham, ita bene et 
plenarie, sicut melius et plenius tenuerunt in tempore Anteces- 
sorum meorum. Pnecipio etiam quod omnes homines eorum illuc 
in negotiis eorum venientes,et homines eorum qui in hiis pnenomi- 
natis terns manserint, juste uienin firmam pacem liabeant. Et 
prohibeo super forisfactum ne aliquis eis injuriam uel contumeliam 
faciat. Testibus, Jordano Cancellario, Herberto Cnmerario. Apud 
nouum Castellum de Chulchet'. 

NOTES. 

This charter, or letter of protection, is of similar nature to the last. In 
this case the church of Kirkham is mentioned in addition to the land which 
the monks of Shrewsbury had in Bispham, which alone was protected by 
the previous letter. The date is apparently the same as that of the charter 
which precedes it. The identity of the place at which it passed is uncertain. 
Perhaps, as suggested alx>ve, it was Kelso. 



T 2 



i:. • •. v ■.-'••" v ■ ■■ i ';"**! \i:Y 



>KIMr> I. • HAUTKI: X . VI. 

a.:. ■■ 1 1-" — ll-il. : "-■■. SlKIilKN. 

i M- • :: •• Mi f :y Is.- '.m?.:. i:>:-: f Si. Pavu-. bktwbe.1 TnE 

.1:.- : * x :.:-»-:'.-.y .%>":■ :■? V-l- :■■:.■ \ «s i> ■•> at Lancaster, 
t ■ i?:^t : ■? - ' : " i- ii ■? K::-. *-. »k. 

/.. .-., - .<■' - >" J'- '"••■■ X-. ::7:». 

I'.-::. -.!■■■.* !■".: ■!- ■■: > •:•■: j: ■:" ■. ■:■■ Si!;.-:.. lUr.id uniuersis 
-■.:.■■•_.•■■■■"•-:■ :.■!■!:' .- .• t- ::..:..!:. !■■ ::;::.-■ >ilutt*ni. S.*iiv volo 
Im:-: 1 ..::. !'•■::. •■•■*:•::.. ' : : '-i ■-■■ :*..".• ::i i-la- ::•» inu-r Alil>atent 
S.t!">-- : --i: > • -: ::■..•- S.»j|.-i:*.-* i ■•;•■ Li..« .wriam agitato do 
rv ■• i»-i i i- Kiik'-li.i's:. ::: ■;'.■• :■:• :;* ::.i:i-^ « • ni»*nt»*s ii4»n si» ]K)8se 
i •'••*: ->-!•.• ::i , ;!::i-!i. :'■■■> !..;:i::;."i.*> • .■;■ AH-tti ilc iusta t'iusdem 
PL* '!'-::♦■ | — •■--:■■:." -:: ■]■ \-' -:.: . ■:. • ■—!•.!.: ;r.>:.i- t'iusl'aluinniu*, 
it.i v; I*i :■•! • "i.;:i. .1. I..iM !L * •:■■::.;!..■ ]■*.. !■ -:.»in i{.>a]ii cum omni- 
i.-> ;i]'j -t-ii'iii ■:■■'> AM ui j-i i.-i iVi-::. ■■■:::!.(. li«:t-t. «»iiiiK* ins alme- 
iz.ni- i^:«"l in »m ]'ii",- Ii:i : --i»- \i--i-". .&:.:•:!. «i---iiii tin ijiK'ijne ] huuinij 
.!•• Wiilii'.n. •ii;.im i]-i tit'i'- «:•.• 1..:. -:i- . i-in-kuit. o nu-esseruut 
iiijj-i-ij»»*iui:iii lv '■).■-:.«- S.tl.-j •■^'■••i:.i . A' ■•■:.- \«i«. jiro cnntirinaiida 
iii? — v •■"•* ' ".'ii'..'ii:« 'i.-Iil •■i^.]«- 1 »■ ■!!:::::■ . -v... i;i lii>rn{icliam terrain 
viiiw- <';i!n.-.i- i.-i I »!■ in. = 1 1 1 .;»• Lii"ii i ■ ■; .i.- \Vai.lrl»iiM-. <juil»us ita 
ili-li-iluiliali- -]-'J"'l;.iit iin'!i;«'lalii* l'li'-* ..:;«"1 Line (.'"UVfiltioiiem 

in i";ij.itr.Ii' S.i-Jj i .■sitjiiiL.-.ii I -i. »■!.■:. t-t I.itr:a^ Al'l-atis sui inde 
a«lijui«.'i»'t. •■! t - 1 7 1 1 ii"»«" '!'■;. mi "iiii'.f >■;« • .•^^■■if. cii:> iv> Mmiacho- 
nun S,il"]».-li-ii.i ■ >i'.i \i-in.i- ]«i" |»— r «.r,.. lnaiiutfiieivnt, et ad 
]i].t<:i[>i i-i*«l»-iii it'-u- iir» r— .jii.i i «•■_:■ 1 1 i \t-iiiii-nt. Huius C'onven- 
ti.ini- i -^ii Mr«li.ii'»r ai- ir>ti- fxiiii. . t in«-» uin -Ti.iilaiius Cancell- 
aii'i- K»-ji- Siiiiij-. t-t rl.-ii'i ua'i .'••li.iiiiu^ rt Waltems, Hugo 

Plf-1'il-T. fl 1'luir^ alii. 

'J"h«- il'i:il i t 1 1-- i • -t ■■!* [}:»' A 1.1 «rv "i" >ln •■« >l'in v :ti i«l tli.- l'ri'irv i if I^mca«ter 
in tli- i-liui--li ■•! Knkli;ii:i ainl tilln-* "t Wilt..*: .>n \}, r Hill, nvsited bv 

U'.'u-i tlii- !•■■:■ i«. in"- -iinuh in i- /.iv t ■ K-t1l li..->i"». was the inevitable 

i-.i-i-'- •■! liti'jali'-n. Wli-i.'i|."ii \\\ ni.-! - .il:iiu' paitif* rli"*** tin 1 Bishop of 

Si. baviil t-» Li- stil.iiiT lit-twi.-1-ii tl:iin. wiili tin- u-^'ilt that thi* luethrvn of 
J^iii'-;i-fri. uiiaMf !•• -t tinl ;iL.'.ii»i-t t li»- *■ x :■ I» i; • -• • i-f iii!iii!iioi-ilt]o charters 
whi<-hth" A , . , -"i "f ShifW-huiA \\;i^;il'!o !■• |«i ■ -ilu, »■. ili-liw-ivtl over to him 
tip- ■■hur« , h i«t Kiikliam :• ml tin- titln^ "!* tin* «l.-iih-Hi.' i.f Walimi whirh the}* 

li.i'l Ii'-ii! li>' ill I • -t s 1 1 11 U'iviliLT tli. in ulii' li-.iuil:i!i<l t.f lii- iKlnrslH' of Birfphaiii, 

:• nil tli*' litlic*> i.f I-it"ii ami Warhuvk i-«v Nm XL). Tin- Pii«.r of LiincnMter 



^l-f 



THE LANCASHIRE CHAkTULARY. 277 

further undertook to obtain the sanction of his superior, the Abbot of Sees, to 
this composition. This was witnessed by King David's chancellor, Jordan, 
who also wituessed the previous charter. The date may be approximately 
fixed c*rc« 1138-1141. 



SERIES I. CHARTER No. VII. 
a.d. 1141-1142. 6-7 Stephen. 

Charter of Ranulf Gernons, Earl of Chester, and lord between 
rliiblk and mersey, to the monks of shrewsbury, rendering to 
them their manor of oarston, church of walton, tithes of 
Newton in Makkrfield, moiety of Thelwall fishery, and hamlets 
of woolston and poulton. 

Register of Shrewsbury Abbey, Charter No. 311. 

Rauulfus Comes Cestria, Episcopo Cestria, Abbati Cestria 1 , 
totique clero, Constabulario Cestria, Dapiferis, Baronibus, Justi- 
ciariis, vicecomitibus, ministris, et oniiiibus fidelibus suis Francis et 
Anglicis, saluteni. Sciatis me reddidisse pro salute aninue mea et 
antecessorum nieonim Deo et saneta Marian et Abbaci et Monachis 
beati Petri Ecclesia Salop, manerium meum de Gerstan cum omni- 
bus qua ad illud pertinent, in piano et inbosco et in aquis, ecclesiam 
etiam de Waletona cum terris et ceteris rebus qua ad earn perti- 
nent, decimam quoquc de Niwetonade dominio, et villas duas Ulfi- 
tonam et Pultoimin, et dimidiam piscariam in Merse, Tertiam etiam 
partem de Thelewelle, in terris et in aquis et in bosco. Quave volo 
et firmiter pracipio ut ben6 et in pace et libere teneant et habeant 
ista omnia in bosco et piano, in pratis et pasturis, in aquis et in 
omnibus rebus, cum omnibus libertatibus et quietanciis et consue- 
tudinibus cum quibus melius tenent alias terras suas. Nee aliquid 
ibi retineo nisi oraciones pro me. Qui vero hoc temerare ausus 
fuerit vel imminere : sententia Anathenmtis veniat super eum, quoe 
scripta est in Carta Rogeri Comitis, qui Pictavieusis dictus est, qui 
ista omnia sancto Petro dedit et sententia qua confirmata est per 
cartam Regis Henrici coram Archiepiscopis et episcopis in consilio 
Anglia. Testibus Rogcro episcopo Cestria, Radulfo Abbate, 
Willelmo Archidiacono, Normanno de Verdun, et multis aliis. 

NOTES. 

By this cliarter, addressed to the bishop of Chester, the abb'M of Chester 
and the whole order of clergy, and to the constable of Chester, &c, Ran u If 
Gernons, Earl of Chester, continued to the Abbey of St. Peter of Shrews- 



278 TMi: LASrASIIIKK CHAItTl'LAllY. 

bury, tin- manor nf Garston, the church of Walton on the Hill, the tithe ot 
Newton in Makt'iti«-Ii|. the two vills of Wookton and I'oultmi, the moiety of 
tin: li.-li»-iv in the Mersey up|>oML»' The) wall, and the third part of the vill of 
'J helwall, with all tin* ;i)>|MirU'iiai)<-»\s. which had l»eeii granted to the add 
n\A*'\ Ia JJ-.^i the J'oirtevin, l»v his vocotm-jt Godfrey and, as regards 
jjart nf 'l'li«'l wall, hy William fit/. Nijjel, constable of Chenter. The Earl 
rt-"-rvi-il nothing for himself, except the prayer* of the monk*, but added 
the H«-iit<'ii''i» of Anathema pi mn filiated in the chuittT of Count Rriger the 
l'oif-t<-\iri, njM.fi all who -hould molest the monks of that house in the enjoy- 
ment of tln-.-e «fift.-. which had also Imm-u dulv eon firmed )»v Jfenrv I before 
tin- an-hhixhop.^ and hishop> in tin? «/reat coum-il of England. (See Cliarters 
No-i. I. and II. iff this Series.) 

This ei»niinii;itiori makes no mention of the aldieyTi possessions in 
Aiuoi]fideni<-H.~, whieh King liavid of Scotland, as lord of Northuiubria, had 
i-e<'f:ntlv confi imed. MoifnviT other contemporary chaitws of confirmation 
I iy the Karl (&•»• No. VIII. of this Si'iies, and No. III. of Series V.), distinctly 
Hjierify the land "U-twi-en Rihhlc and Meiwy " as the limit of the Earl's 
p' '.-^en-inns in I;tn<a->liii«\ It mav therefore lie safc.lv assumed tliat the Earl 
had no footing in I.*tnea-hirt' north of tin- KihMe by virtue of the agreement 
with Kiiif,' Stephen (No. I., Series XIII.). 

The witnesses to this charter Were Hn<;KK. DE CmSTOX, bishop of 

Cluster from 22nd Dee. J \2U to loth April, 1 1 IH ; Ralwi, 3rd abbot of St. 
Wi-rhiir^h, e.]ci:tcd 2:£iid .Jan. 1111, died Kith Nov. 1157; Wn.LIAK 
Vim, a km, aivlnleacoii of Chester 1130 to I Nil; and Normax 
Vkki/on. The date is fixed a fur Decern! x-r, 1140, by the fact that the 
Karl renders to the ahhot and monks their estates in Oarnton, Walton, 
Newton, Wool-ton, and 1'oiilton, as lord of tin* country between Ribble 
and Mersey ; an>l Injur*; tin- end of 1112, by the ivfeivnce to this charter 
contained in that, which folloits, which for the reasons there stated appears 
to have passed In-fore the end of that year. 



skimes i. (HAirrKi: n<>. viii. 

A.D. 1 142. 7 Ktkphes. 

bi:riKit op Kantlf iikunons, Kami, of Chk-tf.h, to his offickrs betwxbh 

KlItlfJ.K AM) MfKSKV, (oMMA.MMNfi TIIKM TO T.KATE TUB ABBOT AV]> 
CoNVKM OF SlIUKW-lUHY IN I'KAi KAM.K I'OSHKSSlON OF TUR1B LAUD 

ui:i\\kkn Hi hulk a.m> Mf.um-:y, esi'kciai.i.v of Gak>ton, and the sebyic* 

or 111 Kill I K.N A NT Til KICK. 

Jt'tyisfrr nf Mur wintry Ahh-ij t Charter Xo. 313. 

Kanulfus, Comes <Vsnhi\ dusiieiariis suis dc 'inter Iiiblain et 
Mersam ' (|ui< > iui(|ti(. > lueiiiit, ct oiiinilius Haronibus et Mi n is t vis suis 
et omnibus sit is sal uteiu. ]'Ki*eipio<-juud Abbas et Con veil tus sancti 



TltE LANCASHIRE CIIARTULAHY. 279 

Petri de Slopesberia habe&nt totam tcnuram suainde 'inter Kiblam 
et Mersam' quam de me tenent, bene et in pace, libere et quiets, sicut 
elemosinaiii Sanctis Ecclesiiu, et nominatiin Gerestanam sicut Carta 
illoruni testatur quam de me habent ; et ita quod Iticardus filius 
Multonis eis integritev et plenaric serviciuni de praedicta CereM- 
taua serviciuni (sic) facia t, sicut aniat anioreni nieuni ; et ita quod 
nullus nieorum quicquam de ipso lticaruo requirat quod ad prae- 
dictani Gerestanain pertinuerit, clamo euni Eicardum ex to to 
quietum de oinnil)iis quae ad praedictam Gerestanam pertinent, 
quia niclril hide nisi orationes require Testibus, Comite de Clara, 
et Cadwaldro lege Walliarum, Roberto Basset, et Gaufrido Dis- 
pensario, apud Ccstriam. 

NOTES. 

By this charter Ran u If Gernons, Earl of Chester, directed his Justices 
l>etween Ribblc and Mersey, and his ministers and servants, to permit the 
abbot and convent of St. Peter of Shrewsbury to have and hold peaceably and 
quietly, as ahnoign of holy church, all their possessions in the land "between 
Kibble and Mersey," particularly naming Garston, according to his previous 
cliarter of confirmation (No. VII.), and particularly that Richard, son of 
Multon, as he loved the Earl's favour, should fully render to thein the 
service due for Garston, which was probably the fee farm rent mentioned 
IhjIow. The Earl also enjoined his officers to make no demand whatever 
upon the said Richard for any service, custom, or exaction formerly pertain- 
ing to that manor, for the Earl had acquitted him fully thereof, seeking 
nothing from that estate beyond the prayers of the said monks. 

This Richard, son of Multon, was the father of Adam de Garston, a 
lienefactor of the abbey of Cockersand ; he had also at least two brothel's, 
Henry, son of Multon, and Ralph, son of Multon, mentioned in the Coucher 
of Whalley. Adam de Garston I. died in 1200, in which year the custody of 
his son and heir Adam II., was purchased by Robert de Ainsdale (Pipe Roll 
of 8 John, page 210), who may have been brother of Margaret de Garston, 
widow of the said Adam I., afterwards married by King John to Richard de 
Liverpool (Testa II. f. 813). When the survey of 1212 was made, Garston 
was held of the King in chief, as of the Honor of Lancaster in thanage, 
by the yearly service of 20*., by Adam de Garston II., who was still underage. 
Hugh, son of Henry, son of Multon, also held under Adam 3 oxgs. for 22^d. 
of the feoffment of his said grandfather ; Thomas held 4 oxg. for 2s. Gd. also 
by the feoffment of the said Multon ; Henry, son of Matthew, held 3 oxg. 
for 22\c?., also by the feoffment of Multon, and Simon held 3 oxg. for 22id. 
by the feoffment of his brother Adam de Garston I. (Testa II. f. 813.) 

The witnesses to the Earl's charter were— Gilbert de Clare, created 
Earl of Hertford by King Stephen in 1138, was the Earl's nephew, being 
the son of Ranulf Gernon's sister. Cadwalladr ap Grpffyth, who liad 
married for his third wife, Alice, sister of Gilbert de Clare, was the 
younger brother of Owen Gwynedd, who liad recently succeeded his father, 



280 TUB LANCASHIRE CHAKTULAkV. 

Gnittyth ap Oman, as Prince <>f North Wales. These brothers in the year 
1131) had joined in an attempt to i-x|iel the English from Wales, which had 
resulted in tlio death of Pagan h'U John, Sheriff nf Shropshire, the "Scourge 
of the borders ,: as Kvton calk liim. In the vear 1 142, ( '-adwalhidr killed his 
Hon-in-law, and to avoid the vengeance of Owen Gwynedd, who had burnt 
his castle of AWrystwitli, he fled into Ireland by way of Cheater, the 
principal seaport of that juirt of the country. During his stay there with 
his wife's uncle the Karl, he witnessed this and another charter, in which 
for the purpose of annoying his brother Owen he ilescrilied himself as 
u King of Wales/' The circumstances which explain this gathering of Earl 
Itanulfs relatives at Chester in 1112 is fullv dealt with in the notes to 
Charter No. I., Series XIII. 1 Hoiikkt IJasskt was one of the Earl's retainers, 
and proliahly a younger brother of Ilalph llasset of Drayton. He witnessed a 
charter of Karl Kanulfs tuW*i II 50 (Sttifforthhira Chartuhtn/^ Staff. Collec- 
tions, Vol. Ill, ]>. \$-l). (tkokfiiey DEsrKM'KK was another of the Earl's 
retai net's, or one of his officials. 



RKKIKS I. CIIAKTKK Na IX. 
A.n. 1144 1147. 10-12 Stknikn. 

Charter of William, Arch his nor or York, to thk Monks op St. Piste* 
of Sniu:if auriir, conckrmnm thk restitution to tiibm of the Church 
or Kiukuam. 

Jii'f/isfrt' (»/' Mu'Lirshit/'// Ahhrjf, Clmrtrr No. '^72. 

Willelmus I)ei gratia Eboracensis archicpiseopus, omnibus 
fidclibns saluteni et benrdidioncni Dei el suam. Not-um sit vobis 
quod niniiiiclii Salopesbcria*, iii tempore, antecessorum nieorum 
sii'jdus ([ucrimouiam iacirntcs quod ecclesia ilJoium injustc curenet 
ecclesia de Kircliaham, co quod a comitc I'iclaviensi ltogerio ei 
legitime data fueral, et a Thoma arehiepiseopo literarum et sigilli 
sui aiidoritate eonlhniata. Tandem prascntiam nostrum adierunt, 
querimoniam suam deponcntes ; nos veto clamoribus eoruui moles- 
tati, et pnerepto doniini Hcnrici scdis aposlolicu* legati constricti, 
causam illomm in synodo apud Eboracum nobis pnesidentibus, 
vcntilandam commisimus; lectis vcro litcris de donatione coinitis, 
et auditis [irivilegiis do continual ione arcluepiseopi, unaninii 
consensu lot ius synod.i judieatum est, ut piafata ecclesia de 
Kirkebani ecclesia 1 sancti Petri de Salopesberia restituerotur, de 

1 Kylon dates this charier in 1151-2 (Ilitti. of Shropshire, Vol. X, p. 237), but 
I am unable to agree with liini us to this date for the reasons stated above. 



ME LANCASHIRE CHAKTULARY. 281 

qua injuste et sine judicio viduata erat. Hujus rei testes sunt 
Badulphus episcopus de Orchadibus, et Benedictus episeopus 1 de 
Witebi, et Helias abbas de Salebi, et totius sinodi nostne eonven- 
tus, cum eapellano ecclesiie sancti Petri Eboracensis. Valete. 

NOTES. 

This charter is interesting as recording the result of the long continued 
controversy between the abbeys of St. Peter of Shrewsbury and St. Martin 
of Sees, respecting the church of Kirkham, which had apparently been the sub- 
ject of a gift by Roger the Poictevin to both houses. (See Nos. I., II. and VI.) 

The archbishop herein recites the fact that during the occupancy of the 
See of York by his predecessors (*.e., Thomas I., 1070-1100, Gerard 1100- 
1108. Thomas li., 1109-1114, and Thurstan 1114-1140), the monks of Shrews- 
bury ofttimes made complaint that their house had been unjustly deprived of 
the church of Kirkham, which had been given in lawful form by Count 
Roger the Poictevin, and duly confirmed to that church by letters under the 
seal of Archbishop Thomas I. (1070-1 100), until at length having come to 
him, and having laid their complaint before him, being moved by their 
complaints and constrained by the command of lord Henry, legate of the 
apostolic see, he had committed their case for hearing under his own direc- 
tion in the synod at York. Whereupon the deed of gift by the Count being 
read, and the privileges of the archbishop's confirmation being heard, 
judgment was given by the unanimous consent of the synod to the following 
effect — that the church of Kirkham be restored to the church of St. Peter 
of Shrewsbury, whereof they had been wrongfully and without judgment 
deprived. These being witnesses — Ralph, bishop of Orkney and the Isles, 
Benet, abbot of Whitby, and Elias, abbot of Selby, together with the synod 
of York, and the chaplain of the church of St. Peter of York. 

The said Archbishop William was consecrated to the See of York 2Gth 
September, 1144, but deprived by the Pope in 1147. This decree was there- 
fore made some time during that period. 



SERIES I. CHARTER No. X. 
A.D. 1144-1147. 10-12 Stepukk. 

Confirmation by William, Archbishop op Youk, to the Monks of St. 

l'KTHl OF SlIRKWSBrUY OF THE ClIUKClI OF KlBKHAM. 

Register of Shrewsbury Abbey, Charter No. 375. 

Willelmus dei gratia Eboracensis Archiepiscopus, omnibus 
sanctoe ecclesne tidelibus saluteni et dei benedictionem. Testifica- 
mus nos prasenti sinodo apud Eboraeum, litteras illas quas 

1 Read abba?. 



-82 TIlK LANCASIIIKK flFATiTULAKV. 

monachi de Salop habebant, si^illo Thoime Archiepiseopi sigillatas, 
do confirmaeione ecclesia: de Kirkeham, quondam infortunio 
conibustas vidisse ; qua* eomhustio apud IVmtem fraotiim facta 
fuit, et quain pro certo haheinus pradietuni pnedeeesKorum nos- 
trum praMictam ecclcsiam eis concessisse et confirmasse. Jios 
eadem aucturitate random ecclesiam eis cnncedimus, et pnesenti 
cartula c-onfirmamus. Valete. 

NOTES. 

It appears that certain letters under tin; seal of Thomas, late archbishop 
of York, confirming to the monks of St. Peter of Shrewsbury the church of 
Kirkham, had l>cen accidentally destroyed l»y a fire which took place at 
Pontefract. Hy the above, letter the nrehbiHhop declares that the originals 
had liecii seen by the synod at York, who held for certain that Iiih pre- 
decessor had •'muted and confirmed that church to the said monks; where- 
fore bv tin* same authority he ''Hints and eon firms to them the said church. 

This document was probably issued shortly after the judgment contained in 
the decree which precedes this charter. Possibly the originals suffered destruc- 
tion through the carelessness of the messenger who was carrying them liack 
tu Shrewsbury. 



SEHIKS I. (MIAirrKI! No. XI. 
a.i>. 114V. 12 Stkpiikx. 

COMI'OSIIION IIETWEKN TI1K A llllOTH OF !S II RK WsHU I; V AM) fc»KK3 TOUCHING 
THE ClUHCII OK PlDIUKUl KV ANH MaNoH 01' UlI.MNGSl.EY, CO. SALOP. 

Jut/ifi/rr of 8h mi'slwry -■////«■//, (Imrtcr Ac. 337. 

Kubcrtus dci gratia Herefurdensis minister univorsiH sancta 1 
niatris ecclesia* tidelibus saint cm. Quod calumo (.'ommittitur 
]HisU > ritatis meiimriie rcservatur. Isos i^itur secundum consuetu- 
diiu'in nostrum provideiiles ea qu;c ad paccm sunt Jerusalem, tarn 
pVicsnilibus ([nam futuris prasentium lingua si^nificamus, quod 
([licrimonia' [ecclesia;] Salnpesberiensis quam habuit adversus 
ecclcsiam Sagiensem super ccoksia de Dudeneburia et manerio de 
lhllin^sleya hujusmodi eomposicio finem conipnsuit. Johannes 
Abbas Sa^iensis et Jiauniilt'us Salopesberiensis . . . uostro 
eontencione.etinpnesenli depositaet imposterum . . . pnecisa, 
possessiones quusdam ciuas uti'iecino ecclesia! suaj . . . se 
diviserunt et eas ita divisas eeclesiis suis . . . caritatis con- 
ventia iniperpetuum conciderunt. . . . [concessit vero] Johannes 
Abbas Sa^iensis ecclesia' Salopesberiensi ecclesiam de [Kirkchmu ?], 



THE LANCASHIRE CTtARfULAltV. 283 

et clecimasdeLattuna et Wardebrecca, et quandam c[aruc]atam terroe 
quam dederat Priori de Lancastra pro composicione ecclesiie de Kir- 
keliam, e converso autem Abbas Salopesberiensis concessit eocltjsia; 
Sagiensi ecclesiam de Dudeneberia et" Billingsleya et eapellam de 
Biscopham etdeciraas quasliabcnt exdono Eogeri Comitis. Hanc 
autein coiiveiicionem in pra\sentia nostra et Capituli nostri Here- 
fordensis ecclesbe, et vcnerabilis fratris nostri Gilberti Glocestrue 
Abbatis, Prioruni et [Keinaldi] Wenlocka? et Edmundi de Linii- 
nistria, Areliidiaconorum [et] Willelnii London iensis, et (iodefrid: 
Wigornensis faetani episcopal i auetoritate sanctiinns, et sigilli 
nostri impressione eoniniuninius. 

NOTKS. 

Contention having arisen between the abbots of Shrewsbury and Sees 
touching the church of Diddlebury and manor of Billingsley, co. Salop, 
Bishop Robert de Betun, of Hereford, arranged a composition between the 
two houses during the year 1147. It appeal's that the Norman Abbey of 
Sees had laid claim to certain possessions of Shrewsbury Abbey ever since 
its foundation, as if the founders had expressed some intention of making 
the latter a daughter house to Sees." If so, this would explain the 
anomalous position of the church of Kirkham as a gift from Roger the 
Poictevin to both houses. As we have seen in ('barter No. VI., the Prior of 
Lancaster, as the deputy of the Abbot of Sees, had resigned to Shrewsbury 
the church of Kirkham and tithes of Walton alxmt the vear 1130; and in 
return the Abbot of Shrewsbury had given a tenmland in Bispham, and 
tithes of Laton and Warbreck to Lancaster. So now in the present dispute, 
the Abbot of Sees regnmts to Shrewsbury what his affiliated Priory of 
Lancaster had formerly received, together with the church of Kirkham, and 
in return the Abbot of Shrewsbury grants Diddlebury church and Billingsley 
manor and the chapel of Bispham to the Abbey of Sees. Thus ended a curious 
instance of the kind of claim which an original foundation might make to the 
estates granted to a quasi affiliated house. 

When Bishop Betun made this charter of composition, the following 
clerics were present in the Chapter of Hereford :— Gilbert, Abbot of 
Gloucester, who succeeded to Betun's see within a year after ; Reynold, 
Prior of Wenlock; Edmund, Prior of Leominster; William, Archdeacon 
of Loudon ; and Godfrey, Archdeacon of Worcester, whose appointment 
to that office in 1 147, or before the death of Bishop Betun on the 22nd April, 
1148, fixes the date of this charter. 



1 It had been built and first occupied by monks of See», brought over by Earl 
Roger de Montgomery, aud the first two abbots of tho new house came from Sees. 
Eyton's Hist, of Shropshire, Vol. I, p. 35; Vol. V, p. 170. 



284 TIIK LANCASHIRE CIIAllTULAItV. 

SEMES I. CHAPTER No. XII. 

A.D. 115"). 1 Henuv II. 

Confirmation by IIenky II. to tub Ad hot and Monks of Shrewsbury 
of the o hants madk to thkm by count eookr tub foicteviic, 
Godfrey his Sheriff, Pagan dk Vilkrs, and William, Constable of 

ClIKSTER. 

Ibytstrr of tilt re whan/ Ahhry, Chart t: r No. .°>u\ 

Hcnricus Pex Auglia* et Dux Normannia? et Aquitania 1 , et 
Comes Audita via*, Arcbiepiscopis, Episeopis, Abbatibus, Comitibus, 
Justiciaries, Yiceconiitibus, Paronibus, Ministris, etomnibus tidelibus 
suis Francis et Anglis totius Angliaj et Walia* salutem. Sciatis 
me reddidis.se et coneessisse deo et sanctaj Maria* et beatis apostolis 
Petroet Paulo et Abbati et Monaehis Salopesbericnsis ceelesuc lias 
subscriptas terras et decimas ct ecclcsias; [inter alia] De dono Pogeri 
Comitis, cognomine Pictaviensis, Pultonam et Oxsitonam et ilitni- 
diam piscariam de Tbelewella, et eeelesias de Waletona et Bischop- 
luun ; De dono(Jodefridi, Yicecomitis ejus, Cerstan et eeelesiam de 
Kircheliam cum appenditiis suis; De dono ejusdem Pogeri Comitis 
deeimam de Newetona: De dono Pacini de Vilcrs deeiuiam de 
Latona et de Wardebreeh ; De dono Willehni Constabularii 
Cestria- tertiam partem de Tbclewalla cum omnibus appenditiis, iu 

bosco et piano et a<jua (juare volo et iirmiter pra-cipio 

ciuod luec omnia supradicla bene et in pace et quietc et honoiiticfc 
teneant et babeant, iu bosco et plain », in prat is et pastnris et 
pascuis, iu aipiis et staguis, in molendinis et piseariis, in moris, in 
via (sir.) et semitis, in civitate et extra, et in omnibus loeis et rebus 
omnibus, cum socba et saeba, et Toll et Team et InfangeiicTlieof 
et eum omnibus libertatibus et quietanciis cum ijuibus melius vol 
([uietius lenuerunt tempore Hugouis Comitis, et tempore Itegis 
Henrici. Prailerea cuiicedo et eontirmo eideni Momisterio et 
Monacbis ibidem den servientibus, quicquid eis post mortem regis 
Henrici et ante juste et rationabilitcr datum est. Testibus Theod- 
baldo Arcbiepiscupo, (Jislebcrto episcnpo llerefordensi, "Waltero 
cpiscopn Cestriensi, dobanne episeopo Wigorncnsi, Tlioma Cancel- 
lario, Pcinaldo Comite Cornubia.-, Willelmo Comite Pristoll, Kogero 
Comite Hereford, Ilugone Comite Cestria.*, Willelmo h'lio Alani, 
Poberto de Dunstanvilla, Walelino Maminotb, Pogero Corbeth; 
apud P)rugiam. 



THE LANCASHIRE CHAHTULAKY. 285 



NOTES. 



The date of this confirmation is c. July, 1155, when Henry II. was at 
Bridgenorth, engaged in suppressing the rebellion of Hugh de Mortimer 
(Itinerary I/en. II., p. 10). Since the previous confirmation (1120-1122), the 
monks of Shrewsbury had acquired from Pagan de Vilers the tithes of 
Laton and Warbreck. From William fitz Nigel, baron of Halton, and 
Constable of Chester, who died in 1133, they had received a grant of a third 
part of the town of Thelwall. The grant of tithes of Newton in Makerfield 
had been made by Count Roger the Poietevin after the charter of 1093. This 
proves that between the date of Domesday and 1102, as indeed long after, 
Newton continued to be part of the demesne estate of the lords of Lancaster. 

Among the witnesses are — Reginald Fitz Roy, natural son of Henry I., 
whom King Stephen created Earl of Cornwall in 1140; William, Earl of 
Gloucester (ali<ts Bristol), who had succeeded his father Robert, another 
natural son of Henry I., in the earldom in 1147 ; Roger, Earl of Hereford, 
Lord Constable of England, who died this same year (I Henry II.) ; Hugh 
Kevelioc, Earl of Chester, who had recently succeeded his father Rami If 
Gernons, whom William Peverel had caused to l>e poisoned in 1153; 
William Fitz Alan, lord of Clun and Oswaldestre ; Robert de Dunstan- 
vill, afterwards lord of Heytesbury, co. Wilts. ; Walcheline Maminoiit, 
lord of Greenwich, and Roger Corbet of Caus, co. Salop. 



SERIES I. CHARTER No. XIII. 
A.D. 1155. 1 Henry II. 

Letters of protection from Henry IT. for the Abbot of Shrewsbury. 

jRcyister of Shrctcsbttri/ AbL'y, Charter No. 41. 

Henricus Rex Angiitis dux Normannia* et Aquitaniae et Comes 
Andegavia?, Justiciariis et Vicecomitibus et Ministris de Lancastra 
salutem. Pnecipio quod Abbas Salop teneat onmes deciinas et 
terras et ecclesias suas quas habet in bonore de Lancastra ita bene 
et in pace et juste et libere sicut eas melius tenuit tempore Regis 
Henrici avi mei, et tempore Coinitis Stephani qui easdem ei per 
Cartam suam confirmavit. Et si quid hide injustfe ablatum est: 
just6 ei reddi faciatis ; Quia idem Abbas et oinnes sui in mea 
protectione et custodia sunt. Teste Comite Reginaldo, apud 
Brugiam. 

NOTES. 

By this charter King Henry II. notified his officers and ministers of the 
Honor of Lancaster that he had taken the possessions of the Abbey of 
Slirewsbury in Lancashire under his protection, and duly commanded 



2XS Till: I.AN< a .\SHIItK CHAMTLAKY. 

assarts lvintf within a dyke upon tin- Eyes, 1 near the Mersey, upon these 
twins -that the same men, viz., JJobert llretoii, William son of Sainponn, 
ami Kol'it, liis 1 n* »t h«M\ Erwin and William, his brother, Robert and 
Thomas sons (0 of Kwaril or Ksward, Robert son of Eilric, Hugh Spilenian, 
and Warine son nf Osrhill shall render yearly 2b/. for the said assart+i, and 
eaeh of them shall quit-claim in a 1 1 1 1 * » i lt 1 1 at his death to God and St. 
iVter of Shrewsbury mil' " loud." /.'»., one ridjre of his land. In like manner 
was this to In* done hy the respertive hi-ii-s and hy the heirs of those heirs. 
This agreement ;ij)jM';us t«> have heen made in order that these villeins and 
their heirs should only enjoy the arahle land which they had assarted by the 
Mersey for a limited term of vears, and that the ridges of land or furrows 
should revert <;enenitioii h\ ^enenition to the abbey. It was a curious 
arrangement for ereatimj a leasehold, and ottering encouragement to the 
tillers of the suil to break up waste land as l-apidly as ]x»ssihle. 

Tin* sur\ev of 1212 presened in the T**Ui tff Xrrill, is generally silent in 

retail I io tin upaiKN and tenure of lands granted in almoin. Nor was 

exception to this rule made in the ease < »f Woolstoii and Poulton. Rut 
another reason for this omission is the faet that these hamlets were 
members of the fee of Makertield, whieh, in tin* year \'2\'l y was in the King's 
hamls after the death of Warine llanastre. The witnesses were — Richard, 
prii'st of Warrington, the earliest eeeh siastie emmeeted with Iheehurch of 
Warrinirton that 1 have met with ; Ivodkrt and IFknky, t wo freeholders of 
tin. neighbouring township «»f Sankev. It is interesting to note that this 
charter preserves the Domesdav form of the name Warrington. 



SKI! IRS I. nrAhTKli No. XVI. 
a.p. 1170. Tl Hkmsy II. 

PllKOKl'T FUOM IIllNHY II. IO HIS Slir.KlPl-' OF b \N<ASHIHK T'l LKTT1IK ADBOT 
OF SlIltKWSIirUY IIW1. I'KArF.Alil.K KN.luYMr.NT OF HIS FISHKKY OF THBL- 
WAU.. 

Jfiyisfcr of Nnrfshiiry Attlm/, Chart* r Ao. ;JiM. 

Henricus dci ^ratin Ilex Alalia*, et Dux Xorinannia- et Atjui- 
taiiiii*, et comes AmIeo;avia\ vicccuiniti <Ie Lancastraet Balliuis suis 
salutem. J'ni-fipiii voids c|ikm1 facialis habi-re bene ct in pace et 
juste Ahhati tie Saloji[csbcria"| ]»iscariani suain <le Thelcwella, ita 
libcre et jilenarie sicut earn habere, debet, el sicut pnedecessores 

1 This word rye (rfini;.), tin'* (pi.), aho founrl in Lancashire document h in the 
plural form ens, easts, is deriveo from the A.S. )//, /,,/, a place near water, i.e. land, 
meadow, or pasture hy the water, also an islaui. In some (list ricta holme, orhulme, 
U found, having the same meaning. This word appears to have come through the 
Danes or Iceland ita. 



THE LANCASHIRE CHARTULARY. 289 

sui earn habuerunt tempore Regis Henriciavi niei. Et prohibeatis 
ne quis ad eius danipiiuin et iniuriam rete ponat ante piscariam 
suam, et nisi fecevitis, iusticiarii mei de partibus illis faciant, ne 
inde aniplius clamorem audiam pro penuria recti. Teste, Eicardo 
episcopo Wintoniensi, apud Feccheham. 

NOTES. 

The commanding style of this letter is interesting. u Henry by the 
grace of God, King of England, Duke of Noimandy and Aquitaine, and 
Count of Anjou, to his Sheriff and Bailiffs of Lancaster, greeting. I com- 
mand you that ye cause the Abbot of Shrewsbury to have well, peaceably, 
and rightly his fishery of Thelwall, as freely and fully as he ought to have 
it, and as his predecessors had it in the time of King Henry our grandfather. 
And that ye prohibit anyone from setting a net in front of his fishery to 
his loss and injury. Unless ye shall do this, my justiciars of those parts 
shall do it, that for lack of right (i.e. justice) I hear no more complaint in 
that behalf. Witness, Richard, Bishop of Winchester, at Feckenliam, [in 
Worcestershire]. 

The King was at Feckenliam about the 9th October, 1176. During the 
year after Michaelmas, 1177, Thomas, son of Bernard, the forest Justice, 
and his associates were in eyre in the county, dealing not only with forest 
pleas, but also with matters of ordinary assize. Probably the King referred 
to this prospective eyre. Ralph, son of Bernard, was at that time Sheriff. 



SERIES II. CHARTER No. I. 
a.d. 1094. 7-8 William II. 

Grant by Roger the Poictevin to the Abbey op St. Martin op Sees, of 
the Church op St. Mary of Lancaster, and other churches, lands, 
and tttnes in his pief op lancaster. 

Register of the Priory of St. Mary of Lancaster, Brit Mies., 

Harl MS. 3764, fol. la. 

In nomine et fconorc sancUr ac intribfouff ^rinitatia. Jiotum git 
omnibus tarn praracnttbus quam futures, quotr Uoqerus (ffomes $ict- 
abencis, pro salute amino: sucr et pro salute quoque Uoaeri §?croberi$ 
pains' sui, matrisque suae Jiftabtlier comctisste, necnon pro fratribus 
guts et pro omnibus amicis [suis], trctrit Beo et sancto JOTartino 
ecclcsiam sanct® itlancr tre Hanccastro, 2 cum omnibus atr earn 
pertinentibus, et partem terrer tllius biller a beteri muro usque air 
pomerium (Eotrcfrfoi, et usque atr 3f)usteaate," et iuxta Hanccastrum 
touas mansiones &u&ccltuia 4 et i3eutona, et quarquc atr ea* 
pertinent, nemu* quoque usque atr jf reibcoc 5 cum trigmtate et con- 

u 



290 THE LANCASHIRE CHARTULARY. 

suctubinibus quas ipse babcbat, ct glmfribum 8 be monte gomerii, 
ct quicqutti be suprabicto Somite tenet, et ecclesiam be fBcscgm 7 cum 
tercia parte terror tonus bilk, et ecclesiam trr GTotegrabc, et ecclesiam fee 
GTropill, et ecclesiam tre <58liftelag, et ecclesiam be CTroston, 8 et mctrt- 
etatem ccclesicr Ire ftpclcton, 9 et ecclesiam Ire ?StyUttocIIc, 10 et ccclcstam lie 
^Jrcston, cum becima bominij 11 et piscatoricr et buabus bobatis ten® et 
omnibus becimis tottus parrocbias tt ecclesiam tie l&Brfebam, 19 et 
ecclesiam tie ittclhmgcs, et ecclesiam tie JSoeltonc, 13 cum bectma 
bommif, ct mebictatcm bnius carrucbtf 14 terror, et omnibus altts beet- 
mis. 2Dcbit cciam in glgmunberncsia, 1 "' ^Bultonam et quicquib ab earn 
pertinet, ct ecclesiam cum bna carrura tcrrcr, et cum omnibus altts 
pertmentiis. ^rcrtcrra bebit becimam benacionis et pasnagii omnium 
nemorum suorum, et becimam sucr piscatorur. 10 Concessit eciam 17 
tercium tractum sagen* sand* Jilancr. {nsuper bebit becimas 
pullonum et bitulorum, et agnorum, et beborum, et ptrrcorum, et 
annoncr, et caseorum, et butirorum apub Isstanebcriam, 18 apub 
Sfcalforb, 19 et ab 20 Berbp, et ab ?§alas, et Izbrctonam, 21 et 
ffiSlalctonam, et (ftrosscbeyam, et jffllolas, et GTrostonam, 22 et $res. 
tonam, et Ifttbi et Sfcpuglcntonam, et ^ressoure, et jlttibbeltonam et 
©urctonam, et cscartonam, et 23are, et Sfctapiturnam, et gtsselinas. 
|1\tc omnia bebit ab bonorem Dei et scanctff JOTarice ab factum 
monacborum qui in eobem monasterio 2&co et Sbanct? JWariae 
officium cclcbrarcnt, tarn liberal iter quob nulla secularia serutcta 
t lit nee suis successoribus monacbi nee sui bomines aliquo tempore 
facerent, et nullum suorum- 3 super boc potestatcm babeat, nee 
aliquft accipiat, nee- 1 consuctubincs aliquas imponat, quia omnea 
bignitatcs et consuctubincs quas ipse babuit in sua terra concessit 
babere monasterio 2:> sanct* ittarij be Hancastro. (ttoncesmt 
eciam si aliquis orationcs et beneficium monasterii lancastri 
requirere bolucrit, et partem sucr terror usque ab mebietatem ei bebertt, 
(Tomes libentissimfr concrbit. St postquam ipse <£omcs concesserit, 
(Gobctribus bicecomes iwrc aubiens bebit becimas be Jdiscbope&am 26 
et quicquib babebat in Uancastro, bomos, pomcrium, et «a&ulfua 
(ficrnct 27 trcs bomines in sfcuffolft. 28 Inbe testes sunt, prartiictua 
(Comes et filia eius ^ibilla, et Cliobcfribus bicecomes, et gtlbertua 
grclctt, li. Hlius liobcrti?" <5[aufribus] iioisell, a[lbcrtu»J ftater 
eius, }P[aganus] be Filcrcs, Kainuuarb, F. filius alum*, 80 
GDrm films BctclF mi films GTorolf etc, [Hauancfnl film* 
Haigcnalb]." 2 

Copies of this charter omir in the Patent Roll of 15 Kichard II., Pt. 1, 
m. 18, hereinafter referred to as Codex A ; and in the Puchy of Lane., 



THE LANCASHIRE CHAttTULAKY. 291 

Great Cowcker, Vol. I, fol. 129, referred to as Codex B. The greater part 
of the body of the charter was repeated in Count John of Mortain's confirm- 
ation, which follows (Charter No. III.). Variations of importance between 
these texts and the above are given in the following notes : — 

1 patrisqiie, Cod. A. * Lancastra, Cod. B. * Preslwath, No. III. 
* Audeclyuiam (Ibid.) 5 Firibroid; Cod. B. 6 A mfridits, No. III. 7 Hesseim, 
Cod. A ; Ilesham, Cod. B. * Croston, Cod. A, and No. III. • Etcheleston, 
No. III. «• Childeicell. (Ibid.) » piscarice. (Ibid.) « Kircheham, Cod. 
A ; Kyrcham, Cod. B. I3 Bothelton, No. III. ln Carucatie, Cod. B. 
11 Magnum Demesia, Cod. A ; Amondernesia-, Cod. B ; Ilamvnderncss, 
No. III. '• piscaria>, Cod. A and B. ,T conceuitqne. Cod. A. I8 Estanbriam y 
Cod. A. »• SaUfort y Cod. A. w acJ, Cod. A. « Euretonam, Cod. A. 
" Crostonam, Cod. A. ** eorum, Cod. A. *• wee (diquas Cod. A. M c* 
sancta, Cod. A. M Bisropeam, Cod. A. " cen\et, Cod. A. ° Sulfide, Cod. A. 
» gelet, Cod. A- » v.Jllius Alunwe, Cod. A. 8I CA<?fc/, Cod. A. w Added in 
Cod. B ; Cod. A, Rauanecil filius Ragnald. 

NOTES. 

The date given to this charter by the monks of Sees, viz., a.d. 1094, is 
supported by what is known of the grantor and the subjects of the grant. 
Roger, third son of Roger de Montgomery, acquired his surname of " the 
Poictevin" through his marriage with Almodis, daughter of Audebert, 
Comte de la Marche, in Poictiers. After the conquest he received inter alia, 
the land " between Ribble and Mersey," which had been part of the 
Confessor's royal demesne. In the spring or summer of 1071, after the 
revolt of Eadwin and Morkere, he further received Amounderness and a 
portion of Lonsdale, which had passed to Morkere with the Earldom of 
Northumberland by consent of Earl Harold, after the banishment of Tostig 
at the end of 1065. These possessions embraced pi-actically the whole of the 
present county of Lancaster, except Furness. The house of Montgomery 
were always staunch partisans of the Conquerors rebellious son, Robert 
Curthose. During the years 1077-8, Robert rose in rebellion againwt his 
father, and endeavoured to seize the ducal castle at Rouen. In this un- 
successful revolt he was aided by the sons of the two great earls of the 
Welsh border, with the result that his supporters were exiled and their 
English estates forfeited. We know from Domesday that Count Roger had 
lost the greater part of his English estates before 1086. It was during the 
period which followed his rehabilitation in his English estates, after the 
accession of Rufus in 1088, and before the final downfall of the house of 
Montgomery in 1102, that the restoration of the Abbey of Sees was under- 
taken by that family, and* the extensive grant of churches and tithes in 
Lancashire, set forth in this charter, made by Count Roger, as part of his 
contribution to the endowment of the favourite Abbey of the family. 

This charter contains much matter of historical interest, but it is to be 
regretted that the three or four versions which have been preserved to our 
time, are all more or less corrupt in certain minor details. When Count 
John of Mortain confirmed this grant during the period 1189-1194, the 
original was doubtless before the clerk who wrote that confirmation. It is 
written in the first person and contains fewer corrupt readings than the 

U 2 



292 THE LANCASHIRE CHARTULARY. 

transcripts of the original grant. For that reason it is included in this 
series of charters. 

In Lancaster the grant comprised the church of St. Mary, and a 
portion of the townlands lying between the orchard of Godfrey the Sheriff, 
and the Priest- wath. This would he a ford used by the priest or priests of 
I>aneaster, and the land would probably lie, like the orchard, below the 
then recently erected keep, along the hanks of the Lune, towai-ds the north- 
west. If so we may with some reason suppose that the fields now known as 
the Vicarage Fields, may be identical with the subject of this grant. Near 
Lancaster, Count Roger gave two manor houses with all that pertained 
thereto in lands and villeins. These two estates were Aldcliffe and Bulk. 
The underwood as far as Frith-brook comprehended as much of the modern 
township of Bulk as had not l>een included in the grant of the manor house 
of Newton with its appurtenances. Frith-brook, which occurs in the Forest 
perambulation of 1228, was the boundary between Newton, now Bulk, and 
Quernmore Forest. (Close Roll, 12 Hen! Ill (No. 38), m. 10 dom.) The 
Count also gave such jurisdiction or priviledge, and customs in the lands 
above granted, as he himself had in Lancaster, and Amfred de Montgomery 
under him, and whatever the latter still held of the Count. 1 

In Hkysham, the church, which was of Saxon foundation, and had been 
endowed with one-third of the whole land of that town, which was 
4 carucates of land. 

In Cotgrave, the church, *>., that moiety of the church which belonged 
to Count Rogers manor in Cotgrave. The other moiety belonged to the fee 
of Ralph de Burun at Domesday. After the forfeiture of Count Roger's 
possessions in 1102, Henry I appears to have revoked this grant, and to 
have included this moiety of the church in the feoffment made to Robert. 
Orel ley in Nottinghamshire. When the said Robert and his son Albert 
Grelley founded the Abbey of Swineshead in Lincolnshire in the year 1134, 
they gave the moiety of the church, and all the land they had in Cotgrave, 
to the new foundation. (Jfonasttcon, Vol. V, p. 337 ; Thoroton's Notts. 
Vol. I, p. 107.) 

In C-RorniLL, the church or rather the chapel, which suffered a similar 
re-disposition to Cotgrave, and was granted by Michael de Vilars and his 
brothers to Thurgarton Priory, about the end of the reign of Stephen. 
(SlonttAticoiii Vol. VI, ]). 191.) 

In Wakerley, the church. Wakerley was a manor of ancient demesne m 
co. Northampton. It was in the possession of William de Lanvaley, temp. 
John, and passed into the possession of John de Burgh with the barony of 
Lanvaley. His daughter and co-heir Hawise, brought it by marriage to 
Robert Grelley, 7th baron of Manchester. I cannot oiler any explanation as 
to how Count Roger possessed an interest in this manor and church. 

1 1 believe the readings which give this name in the accusative case are corrupt. 
Count John's confirmation gives it in the nominative. It is difficult to suppose that 
the bearer of this name could possibly have beea a villein, or chattel given to the 
monks of Seen, oven if the context hud not made that impossible in referring to 
44 whatever he (Amfred) holds of the Count." It is much more probable that he 
was a cadet of the house of Montgomery on whom Count Roger ha4 bestowed 
some estate near Lancaster. 



THE LANCASHIRE CHARTULAUY. 293 

In Croston, the church. Tins is Croston co. Lane, and not Crofton, co. 
York, for the latter was in the fee of Pontefiact. Pope Martin V appro- 
priated the Rectory to the Abbey of Sion, and the Bishop of Lichfield ordained 
a Vicarage in the year 14:20. At the dissolution the advowson jwssed to the 
Crown. (Nvtitia CWr. Vol. II, p. 353.) 

In Eccleston in Leylandshire, a moiety of the church. Count Roger had 
enfeoffed one of his knight* of the nioietv of the town of Eccleston, with the 
other moietv of the church. In later times this moiety was held by the 
Gernets and Dacres as a member of the Forest fee. In the \ear 1:2-13, Sir 
Roger Gernet of Ilalton, and his under tenant Warine de Walton quit 
claimed their right in the advowson, which thus became wholly vested in 
the Priory of Lancaster. The remaining portion of Eccleston was after- 
wards held as of the barony of Penwortham. 

In Cjiildwall, the church. Here, as in the case of Cotgrave and 
Cropliill, Henry I revoked the grant of the church to Sees, and gave it with 
the township to Robert Grelley. But the Priory of Lancaster continued to 
own the tithes, and also succeeded in ho far proving some claim to the 
advowson, that they obtained by composition an annual pension of iiOx. 
payable by the clerk for the time l>cing. 

In Preston, the church. Here again the Crown resumed possession after 
the forfeiture of Count Roger's lief in 1102, and the chun-h remained vested 
in the Honor of I^ancaster until the grant of Amounderness to Theobald 
Walter in 1194. In 11%', the Abbot of Sees and Theobald were engaged in 
litigation respecting the advowsons of the churches of Proton and Poulton, 
with their chapels. A final concord was made at Westminster on the 
10th May, 1106, whereby Theoliald quit-claimed to the Abbot the advowson 
of the church of Poulton, with the church of Bispham and all appendant 
chapels ; and the Abbot rendered to Theobald the advowson and presenta- 
tion of the church of Preston, with the appendant chapels, subject to an 
annual pension of ten marks to be paid yearly by the parson for the time 
being to the Prior of Lancaster. At Theobald's death in 120.">, Amounderness 
escheated to the Crown, and with the church of Preston became again vested 
in the Honor of Lancaster. The tithes of the demesne and of the lishery, 
two oxgangs of land, and tithes of the whole parish of Preston, were 
appendant to the church and passed with it. 

In Kirk ii am, the church. During the reign of Stephen a dispute arose 
between John, Abbot of Sees, and Ranulf, Abbot of Shrewsbury, touching 
the church of Duddlebury and manor of Billingsley. A composition was 
made between H3J)-il47, by which the Abbot of Sees gave to the Abbot of 
Shewsbury the chinch of Kirkham, the tithes of Laton and Warbreck, and 
a carucate of land in Bispham which lmd been given to the Prior of 
Lancaster as a composition for Kirkham church. The Abbot of Shrewsbuiy 
in return gave to the Abbot of Sees the church of Duddlebury and Billings- 
ley, the chapel of Bispham and tithes, which Count Roger had given to 
Salop Abbey. (Series II, Charter No. XXVII.) 

In Mellino, the church, which was afterwards exchanged by the 
Abbot of Sees with Roger de Montbegon for the chapel of (Ti-essingham, circa 
1217-1220. 

In Bolton -le-S a nds. This place, like Lancaster and Pi-eston, was in 



294 TIIK LANCASHIRE CIIA11TULAISY. 

Count Honor's demesne ; accordingly the grant included Ixssides the church, 
tithe <>f the demesne, half a carucate of land, which belonged to the church, 
and all other tithes there. After contention between the Abbot of Sees and 
the Archdeacon of Richmond in the year 1240, touching the Priory of 
Lancaster, a composition was effected, by which the Prior gave up for ever 
to the archdeaeon. the right of jwitronage, a pension of three marks, all 
rights which the Abbot of Sees had in the church of Bolton in Lonsdale, in 
return for continuation of the moietv of the church of Poulton, then held 
by Alex, de Stanford, and the chapel of Bispham, upon certain conditions 
which do not appear to have been afterwards fuliilled. 

Is Poulton in Amoun denies**, Count Roger gave the whole town with 
whatever belonged to it, and the church with one carucate of land belonging 
to it, ami all other appurtenances. It is prol table, that after the forfeiture 
of the Count's lief in 1 1 02, King Henry revoked this gitint, for Theobald 
was engaged in litigation about the advowson of Poulton in and before the 
year 111)0, as already noticed. Both the Register of Ijancaster Priory, and 
the Pipe llolls, prove that the Abbey of Sees had l>een disseised in 1102, at 
anv mte of the land in Poulton, if not of the church. 

Count Roger's grant further comprised tithe of venison, and of pannage 
throughout his underwoods, tithe of his fishery at l^aneastcr, and the third 
draught of the net in the pool by St. Mary's church; tithe of foals, calves, 
Jambs, goats, pigs, of corn, cheese and butter upon his demesne estates at 
Kstonbury (probably Ashton-under-Lyne in Salford hundred), Salford, 
West Derby, J Tale, Everton, Walton-on-the-lTill, Great Crosby, Ravens- 
meols, Crostnn, Preston, Ribby, (Jreat Singleton, Preesall, Middleton-in- 
Lonsdale, Overton, Skerton, Bare, Stapleton-terne and Sline. These places 
embraced practically the whole of the Count's demesne in Lancashire, which 
continued as the demesne of successive lords of the Honor of Lancaster 
with few exceptions until 1180-94, when Count John of Mortain commenced 
to grant out various estates in feefarm. The exceptions were Walton-on- 
the-llill, granted by William, Count of Mortain, to one Waldeve as a 
serjeanty, between 1153 and 1100 ; < Jreat Crosby given partly as a serjeanty 
about the same time, and partly in feefarm ; Ravensmeols given as a 
serjeanty by Henry II to Warine. the Falconer, who is sometimes called 
Warine de Ijancaster ; Croston given to Adam fitz Swain, or to his father 
Swain fitz Alric (who also had Hornby and large estates in Yorkshire and 
Cumljerland), by tenure unknown, but probably, like Hornby, in burgage ; 
a moiety of Middleton in Lonsdale was gninted out alnmt the middle of the 
12th century to the ancestor of Adam de Middleton living 1212, to hold by 
chivalry ; Stapleton-terne was given in almoign to Fumes* Abbey, except 
|>erhaps a portion held by the Uerneto, who afterwards gave their estate also 
to Furness. 

These gifts Count Roger made to the honour of God, and for the 
maintenance of monks to celebrate divine service in the monastery at 
Lancaster, free from any secular service or custom to him or his successors, 
but enjoying the like jurisdiction and customs that he himself possessed in 
the lands so given. He also declared his willingness to confirm any grants 
made by his knights or tenants, who desired to receive the prayers and 
benefits of that house, even to the half of their fees. Hearing which, 



THE LANCASHIRE CHAUTULARY. 295 

Godfrey the Sheriff gave the tithes of Bispham, and what he had in 
Lancaster, viz., houses and the orchard previously referred to, and Ralph 
Gernet gave three of his Suffolk villeins, to be transferred to the Lancaster 
estates of the newly founded monastery. 

The witnesses' names are most important, for we may expect to find 
among them the names of some at any rate of the Count's Lancashire 
knights and thanes. After his own name and that of his daughter Sibil, 
the first is that of — 

Godfridus Vickcomes, the Sheriff of the Counts English fief, the 
northern portion of which was not yet, nor for nearly a century after, styled 
the county of Lancaster. He was one of the ten knights who had been 
enfeoffed by the Count before Domesday, and was at the date of the Survey 
holding lands of the King in West Derby Hundred. He certainly was not, 
nor could have been Baron of West Derby as he is described in Mameceatre, 
p. 34, for that estate was in demesne, and he was only so far " Sheriff of 
Derby," in that he was Sheriff of the whole comitatus of Count Roger. 

Albertus Grklktt. This is Albert Grelley, to whom before the time of 
Domesday, jointly with Roger de Busli, the hundred of Blackburn had l>een 
given by Count Roger. He has been generally regarded as the tii"st baron 
of Manchester, but the evidence to prove it is practically nil. As, however, 
his son Robert Grelley certainly held the barony during the latter part of 
Henry I's reign, and was holding a small portion of the escheated fief of 
Erneis de Burun in Lindsey in 1114-1116, of the King in chief, it is evident 
that he or his father did not suffer banishment with Count Roger. It may 
be that after the Count's restoration circa 1088, he gave the hundred of 
Blackburn, as he certainly did the territory of Rowland, ro Roger de Lacy, 
and at the same time gave Manchester, which had been forfeited or resigned 
by Nigel, the Domesday tenant, to Albert Grelley in lieu of his former fief 
in the hundred of Blackburn. 

R filius Roberti has not been identified. 

G. Boisel, A frater ejus. The position of these names after Grelley, 
and before Vilers, suggests that these two brothers were Count Roger's 
knights, and ancestors of the Bussels, barons of Penworthain. The 
surname suggests a mean origin. It has been frequently mistaken for a 
variant of de Busli. 1 therefore take this opportunity of stating that the 
two names are entirely distinct, the latter belonging to a Domesday tenant 
of far greater importance than Bussel ever attained to. The name Geoffrey 
occurs more than once in the Bussel family during the first century and a 
half after Domesday. Is it, therefore, too much to supj>ose that G stands 
for Galfridus, and that he was one of the two " Goisfridi " who held lands 
in West Derby hundred temp. Domesday ? 

Pagan us de Vilers. The first reputed baron of Warrington. He 
afterwards held fees under Count Stephen of Mortain in cos. Nottingham 
and Lincoln. In the latter county he was tenant of Upton, between the 
years 1114-1116. 

Rannuncarel, or Raynewarus, V. filius Alumje, or Alium-k, have 
not been identified. V. probably stands for Vivianus. 

Orm filius Ciielet, or Retell, was son of Ketel fitz Eldred, who 
before 1093 held various estates under Ivo Taillebois, both in the barony 



296 THE LANCASHIRE C1IAKTULA11Y. 

of Egreinont, co. Cunih., and in Kendal. Orm married Gunild, daughter of 
Guspatriek, sometime Ksii*l of Northumberland (who held the manor of 
Ulverston before the conquest), and was ancestor of the Cur wan family of 
"Workington. 

Ulf filius Torolf has not been identified. 

Hauanciiil filius Ra«shanald, possibly father of Roger, son of 
Ravenkil, a thane living temp. Stephen and Henry II, who was the father 
of Richard, son of Roger of Woodplumptim, who founded Lytliam Priory 
circa 1189-1194. 



SERIES II. CHAPTER No. II. 
27th July, 1140. 14 Stephen. 

Confirmation by Raxulp, Earl of Ciiestkk, to thk Monks of Lancaster, 

OF THK LIBKRTIK3 WHICH KOOKR THE PoKTEVIN GAVE TllKif. 

liajixln- of Le.ncasfrr Priori/, JJrit. Mas., Hurl. MS. o764,/o/. Id. 

Ranulphus Conies Cestria', Arehiepisenpu Eboracensi omnibus- 

que sancta* eoelesia* lidelibus, insuper et suis Baronibus, Vice- 

eomitibus, Ministris, et omnibus hominibus .suis turn Clericis quam 

laicis torius terra* sua* Salutem. Seiatis me reddidisse, et con- 

tirmaeione pra-senlis sigilli coneessisse eeelesia 1 saneta* Maria; Jo 

Laneastre et monaehis ibidem deo seruientibus, quod habeant ita 

bene et in pace, libore et quiete "celesias et terras et eoiimietu- 

dines et reetitudines et res suas, et mimes illns lihertates qiias 

Rogerus Comes piclauensis pnedicta: ecclcsiie dedit et concessit, 

sieut melius et libeiius tenuerunt et habuerunt suo tempore, in 

redditibus et decimis et aliis elemosinis et beneficiis, in bosco et in 

piano, in vijs et semitis, in atiuis et moleialinis, pratis, pascuis, et 

pissinis. Plater line eoneessi eis Arnnay cum sua domo et mansione 

et cum suo seruieio eis laoicndo, et super luee omnia omnes sancta? 

ecclesiar fideles deposeo eos et omnia sua protigere et adcrescere 

et manutenere vt elemosinam raeionabilitor constitutain. Hiis 

testibus, Xormano de Verdun. Willelmo iilio (lilberti, et Podberto 

Baiiast re, Rienrdo Pinccrmi, iluleone de Briehelliert, Miebaele 

Handrensi, Johanne Capellano, Romero Capellano, Rogero filio 

Rauenchil, Bogeio Willelmo, Rogero (Jernet, Willelmo Cape-llano 

qui banc carta m scripsit, sexto Kalend' August i, apud Laucastre. 

NOTES. 

From the Chronicle of John, Prior of Hexham, we learn that in the year 
1149, "Henry, sou of Geoffrey, Karl of Anjou, and the Empress Adcla came 



THE LANCASHIRE CHARTULARY. 297 

at Whitsuntide 1 to Carlisle. King David received him with great respect, 
and with a splendid preparation of wealthy munificence. He also endued 
him with the belt of knighthood, in the presence of his son Henry, and 
Banulf, Earl of Chester. Which Ranulf then abated his auger touching 
Carlisle, which he had demanded to be restored to him as his patrimony, 
and he did homage to King David, for speech was exchanged between them 
that for Carlisle Earl Ranulf should liave the Honor of Lancaster, and his 
son should have to wife one of the daughter's of Henry, son of the King of 
Scots." 

" And so King David, and young Henry, Duke of Normandy, and Ranulf, 
Earl of Chester, were agreed together to unite their forces and advance against 
King Stephen. 80 King David with his powers proceeded to Lancaster, 
and Henry with him, for there Earl Ranulf had promised to meet them 
with his gathered host. But he, performing not the things he liad under- 
taken to do, departed from their determinations. Wherefore Duke Henry 
returned to his own country."* 

It is unnecessary to repeat here the grounds upon which the Earl of 
Chester claimed Carlisle and Cunilxjrland. Since 1138, King David had 
been in possession of Lancashire north of the Kibble, that is to say, of that 
part of the county which he claimed to belong to the Earldom of North- 
uinbria. The Earl of Chester had also since 1141 been in possession of the 
land between Ribble and Mersey, and the rest of the Honor of Lancaster, 
except Roger de Montbegon's land in Lincolnshire. From the above 
chronicle we learn that the Earl resigned himself to the loss of his 
patrimony in Cumberland, on condition that King David should hand over 
to him all Lancashire north of the Ribble, which clearly formed part of 
the Honor of Lancaster. These negotiations were effected at Whitsuntide, 
1149, and the Duke of Normandy, who had no doubt assisted in bringing 
about the conciliation between the King of Scots and the Earl of Chester for 
his own private reasons, induced them to further his intended campaign 
against King Stephen by undertaking to collect their troops, and to meet 
him later at Lancaster. On his journey south, however, the Earl began to 
see matters in a different light, with the result that he withdrew his promise 
of assistance. It was no doubt on his return from Carlisle, while resting at 
Lancaster on July 27th, that he exercised his prerogative of issuing the 
above charter of liberties within that part of the county which had passed 
to him by virtue of the agreement at Carlisle. 

The witnesses were — Nomian de Verdon (1130-1153), Lord of Newbold 
Verdon, and Fariiham Royal, co. Leicester ; William de Lancaster, Baron of 
Kendal, who is frequently called fitz Gilbert in charters of King Stephen's 
reign ; Robert Banastre, ancestor of the Lords of Makerfield, and at this 
time holding lands of the Earl of Chester in Wales. He gave Kethlenedei 
to Basingwerk Abbey, which Henry II confirmed with other grants about 
August, 1157; Richard le Boleter, Baron of Warrington, Fulc de Brichel- 
hert (Beddgelert /)> probably another of the Earl's vassals holding land in 
Wales ; Michael le Fleming of Furness ; John and Roger, two chaplains at 

1 Whitsunday fell on the 24th of May in 1149. 

2 Surtees Socy., Vol. XLIV, p. 159. 



298 THE LANCASHIRE CHARTULARY. 

Lancaster ; Roger, son of Ravenkil, thane of Woodplumpton in Amounder- 
ness ; Roger, son of William, or possibly William, son of Roger, not identi- 
fied ; Roger Gernet, Chief Forester of Lancashire ; and William, another 
chaplain of Lancaster, who wrote the charter. 



SERIES II. CHARTER No. III. 
a.d. 1189-1193. 1-4 Richard I. 

Confirmation by John, Count of Moktain, and lobd of Lancaster, of thb 

GRANTS MADE TO THE PRIORY OF St. MARY OF LANCASTER BY COUNT 

Roger tub Poictevin. 
Public Record Office, Duchy of Lave, Forest Proceedings |,* m. 3. 

Johannes Comes Morton omnibus hominibus, et amicis suis, 
Francis et Anglicis, salutem. Notum sit vobis omnibus me con- 
cessisse, et hac pnesenti Carta mea confirmasse Deo et sancto 
Martino de Sagio eeclesiam Sanctis Maria* de Lancastre cum 
omnibus ad earn pertinentibus, Et partem terras illius villae a 
veteri muro usque ad pomerium Godefridi et usque ad Prest- 
wath, 1 Et juxta Lancastre duas mausuras, 2 scilicet Aldeclyue 3 et 4 
quseque ad earn pertinent, et Neuton per divisas suas communia 
inter 5 perambulatas, videlicet a rivulo illo qui currit inter villam 
meam de Lancastre et Hospitale leprosorum sancti Leonardi des- 
cendens 6 in Lonn, et usque ad rivulum de ffrythbroke qui facit 
divisas inter f forestam ineam et nemus de Neuton, quod Rogerus 
Pictavensis dedit ecclesia? sanctae Mariie Lancastre, et concessit 
cum dignitate et cum omnibus libertatibus et liberis consuetudi- 
nibus quas 8 habebat in terra sua, Et Amfridus 9 de Monte Gomerii, 
et quicquid de eodem Rogero Pictavensi tenuit, cum terris, pratis, 
et pasturis, 10 stagnis, molendinis, et rivulis, et pnupresturis usque 
in Lonn, Et eeclesiam de Hesham cum tercia parte totius villae 
illius, et eeclesiam de Cotegraue, Et eeclesiam de Crophull, Et 
eeclesiam de Wykelay, Et eeclesiam de Childewell, 11 et eeclesiam 
de Croston, 12 et medietatem ecclesiae de Etcheleston 13 et eeclesiam 
de Preston cum decima dominii et piscariie, et duabus bovatis 
terne, et omnibus decimis totius peroclmu, et eeclesiam de Kyrk- 
ham, 14 et eeclesiam de Melling, et eeclesiam de Bothelton 15 cum 
decima dominii et medietatem unius carucatte terras in eadem 
villa, et omnibus aliis decimis in Hamunderness, 16 et Pultonam, et 

• Formerly Class xiv, F. 12, m 3. 



THE LANCASHIRE CHAHTULARY. 299 

quicquid ad earn pertinet, et ecclesiam [cum una c-arucata teme, 
et 17 ] cum omnibus aliis pertinentiis suis ; Pnuterca decitnam 
venationis, et pannagii [et omnium novalium nemorum meorum, 
et terrarum, et decimam piscatorial ; Tertium etiam tractum 
sageme saucto Marite ; Insuper decimas pullorum et vitulorum 18 ] 
et agnorum et edorum, porcorum et annonie casiorum et l)iitirorum 
apud Estamburiam, 10 apud Saleford, et ad Dereby et ad Hales, et 
ad Euerton et Walton et Crosseby et Melas 20 et Crosseton 21 et 
Preston et Rygeby 22 et Syngelton et Preshou 23 et Middelton et 
Ouerton et Schereton et Bare et Stapelthom 24 et Slynes. 25 Hiec 
concedo et confirmo ad lionorem Dei et Sanctte Mariie de Lan- 
castre ad vbtum monachorum qui in eodem Monasterio Deo 
et Sanctee Marite ofticium celebrant, tarn libere quod nulla secu- 
laria servicia michi nee successoribus meis monachi nee homines 
sui aliquo tempore faciant. Et nullus meorum super ea potes- 
tatem habeat, nee aliquid inde accipiat, nee consuetudines aliquas 
imponat, Quia omnes dignitates et consuetudines quas ego habeo 
in mea terra concedo habere Monasterio sancta3 Mariie de Lan- 
castre. Concedo etiam quod si aliquis partem sua) terne usque 
ad medietatem eidem Monasterio dederit, illam liberam et immu- 
nem absque onmi exactione habeant et possideant. Concedo 
etiam decimas de Bischopham, et quicquid Godefridus vicecomes 
habuit in Lancastre.. et [domos et] 26 pomerium et tres homines 
in Suthfolke. Bkec omnia concessi et confirmavi sicut Rogerus 
Pictavensis eis dedit et concessit et confirmavit. Testibus 
Rogero de Planes, Willelmo de Bucheto, Theobaldo Walteri, 
Ricardo le Warn, Johanne de Novill, [Cingan' Gon'], 27 Rogero de 
Novo Burgo, Ingerimo de Prales, Ricardo filio Walthef. 28 

Copies of this charter occur in the Register of the Priory of Lancaster, 
hereinafter referred to as Codex A ; and in the Patent Roll of 15 Richard 
II, Pt. 1, m. 18, hereinafter referred to as Codex B. 

The above text is from the Roll of Forest Pleas at Lancaster, 21st April, 
15 Edward I, 1287, upon which a number of charters relating to rights and 
franchises within the forests are recorded. It is therefore from a copy 
made within one hundred years after the date of the original confirmation 
charter. 

1 Prestgate, Cod. A and B. 2 mansiones (Ibid.). l Audeclyviam, Cod. B 
Aldeclive, Cod. A. * et Neuton, Cod. A. • coram me, Cod. A and B. • qui 
descendit, Cod. A. 7 infra, Cod. B. • quas ipse. Cod. B. * Amfredum, Cod 
A and B. I0 pa&cuis et stagnis et molendinu, Cod. B. n Chidmcell, Cod. B 
Childewell, Cod. A. " Croftona, Cod. B. >* Eccleston, Cod. A ; Aicliton, Cod 
B. u Kircham, Cod. B. ! * Boultona, Cod. B. »• Almondernesse etiam Pul 



300 THE LANCASHIRE CHARTULARY. 

tonam. Cod. B. 17 t ,B added from Cod. A and B. »• Estnebiriam, Cod. B. 
™ Mola*(Ibid.). 21 Croftoiuim(Ibid,). » Rkheby (Ibid.). » Preshoued, Cod. 
B ; Pressoure, Cod. A. *» Stapeltonam y Cod. B. ** Asselinas (Ibid.). 
M t * 7 added from Cod. A and B. w Tlie spelling of the witnesses' names 
varies in Cod. A and B. 

NOTES. 

John, Count of Mortain held the Honor of Lancaster from the time of 
his father's death until he rebelled against his brother Richard I, and was 
by him dispossessed in the spring of 1104. It is practically a repetition of 
Count Roger's charter, but it is noticeable that several important details of 
the gift are wanting in that text of the charter of confirmation, which was 
before the Forest Justices of 1287, at Lancaster, although they appear in 
two other texts, viz., on the Patent Roll of the 18 Richard II, and in the 
Register of the Priory, compiled in the fifteenth century. 

The witnesses are — Roger de Plasties, the Count's justiciar and one of 
his Norman vassals, and a landowner in Essex 1 ; William de Bussei, another 
Norman knight ; Theoliald Walter, afterwards lord of Amounderness, and 
Sheriff of Lancaster from the G to 10 Richard I ; Richard de Vernon, Sheriff, 
when John was lord of Lancaster, and from the 3-7 John ; John de Nevill, 
a tenant in chief iu Newton, and Sixhills, co. Lincolnshire ; the next name 
appeal's to be corrupt ; Roger de Newburgh, a landowner in Dorset and 
Somerset ; Enguerrand de Preaux, son of John de Preaux, a favourite 
minister of both Kings Richard and John 2 ; and Richard, son of Waldeve, 
lord of Tatham and Ireby. 



SERIES III. CHARTER No. I. 
a.d. 1123. 23 Henry I. 

Letter from Hkkry 1 to Robert, Bishop of Chester, directing him to 

SEE THAT Jl'aTlCE BE DONE TO THE PRIOR AND CANONS OF St. OSWALD 
OP NoSTEL, TOUCHING THEIR RIGHTS, OF WHICH THEIR CLERKS OF MAKER- 
VIKI.D WERE DEPRIVING THEM. 

Register of the Prior g of St. Oswald of Noatcl ; Brit. Mus., CotL, 

Vrsp. E. j;ie, antiq. y. 12, no v. f lb. 

Ilenricus rex Amjlorimi, R[oberto] episcopo de Cestria salutera. 
Mando tibi quod plenum rectum facias et Justiciam priori et 
canonicis de Sancto Osuualdo do recti* udinibus suis quas clerici 
sui de Machesfelda eis deforciant, ne audiam inde clamorem. 
Teste cancfellario], apud fereham. 

1 Stapleton's Norman Exchequer Rolls, Vol. If, p. clxv. 
* Ibid. p. cxlvj. 



THK LANCASHIRE CHARTULARY. 301 

The church of St. Oswald of Winwick in Makerfield was confirmed to 
the Priory of Nostell by Henry I, in a general charter of confirmation to 
that house, of which the date was 10th January, 1121. The reference to the 
grant is in these words : — " De Stephano comite Moretonii, et de Rogero de 
Limesi capellano ejus, ecclesiam Sancti Oswaldi de Macrefeld." The church 
of Winwick was therefore given by Stephen, Count of Mortain, before 1121, 
ue.y between 1114 and 1121. The royal mandate directing the bishop of 
Lichfield and Coventry to cause right and justice to be done to the prior and 
canons of St. Oswald of Nostel, respecting their dues, of which their clerks 
of Makerfield, i.e., of the church of Winwick, were disseising them, was 
probably addressed to Robert Peche, who was bishop from 1 3th March, 
1121, until his death on 22nd August, 1 120. " Fereham" is Fareham, near 
Portsmouth, where a number of charters were expedited by King Henry, 
when about to cross into Normandy in the year 1123. It is most un- 
fortunate that copies of several other charters relating to Winwick, and 
probably the copy of Count Stephen's original grant, have been lost through 
the tearing out of a number of the leaves of the Register of Nostel. 



SEEIES IV. CHARTER No. I. 
a.d. 1127. 27 Henry I. 

Charter of Foundation of the Abbey of Furness by Stephen, Count of 
Boulogne and Mortain, Lord of Lancaster, and afterwards Kino 
of England. 

Tlie Coucher of Furncss Abbey, Ducky of Lane, Class vi t No. 3, 

fid. 42. ' 

In nomine patris et filii et spiritus sancti, et in honore sanctse 
Marioe, niatris domini nostri, Ego Stephanus Comes Bolonii et 
Moretonii, pronidens et in deo consulens saluti aniime mere, et 
vxoris mea3 Matildis Coinitissa 1 , et pro anima domini mei et 
Hiiunculi Henrici Kegis Anglorum et Ducis Normanuorum, et pro 
animabus omnium fidelium, tarn pro viuis quam pro solutis de- 
bitum mortis, Anno ab incarnatione domini nostri, M° C° xx nio vij°, 
Indiccione quinta, epacta xvij™, anii metas cotidie eciam videns 
ad occasum mere, pom pas omnes labentis Imius sa^culi, et flores 
roseasque uernancium Regum, imperatorum, Ducum et omnium 
locupletum coronas et palmas marcescere, et omnium concreta 
simul in vnum redigeie et ad mortem pnepeti cursu cuncta 
properare: Keddo, dono et concedo deo 1 omnipotenti et sanctae 
Trinitati de Sauigneio et Abbati illius loci totam forestam meam 

1 eteanctae Mario? do fudernesio ct Abbati, etc. (Pat. 21 Ric. II, No. 349, Pt. 2, 
i». 35). 



302 THE LANCASHIRE CHARTULARY. 

de ffudernesio, et Wagneiain, cum omni venatione qua? in eis est, 
et Daltoiiam, et oinne dominicum meuiii infra ffudernesium, cum 
hominibua et omnibus ei pertinentibus, videlicet, in bosco [et] in 
piano, in terra et in aquis, et oluestonam, et llogerum Bristol- 
dum cum suia, et piscariam meam de Loncastra, et warinum 1 
parvum, cum omni term sua, et socum et sacum, et tol et tem, 
infangtheof, 1 et quicquid infra ffudernesiuni continetur, pneter 
terrain Michaelis fflumengi, eo nimirum intuitu pariter et tenore, 
quatinus 3 per disposicionem et pra.*ceptuni Abbatis sauigniensis 
monasterii in loco pnwlielo ordo monasticus et regularis per 
diuinani gratiam babeatur. 4 Quam donationem ita aolutam et ab 
omni calumpnia omnium mortalium quietam et liberam dono, 
sicut oblationem deo in odorem suauitatis, et sicut sacrificium 
nostnun, quod deo ofterimus, saltim vespertiiium. 

Signuni + Stepbani Comitis Bolonii et Moretonii : Signum 
Hugonis -f Campuauene : Signum Iloberti + Greslati : Signum 
Oisiuelini -f de Argentomaco : Signum Gaufridi + Bucliel : 
Signum Rogeri -f filii Ricardi : Signum lioborti + de Saccauile : 
Signum Koberti + de Archis. 5 

NOTES. 

The Chronicle of Symeon of Durham preserves to us the following 
reference to the foundation by Stephen, Count of Boulogne and Mortain, 
and lord of Lancaster, at Tulketh, near Preston, in the year 1123, of a 
Cistertian Abbey, affiliated to that of Savigny, in Normandy : — "Anno M. 
CXXI1J Stephanus comes Bononicensis, postea rex Angliae, dedit abbati 
Gaufrido Savinniensi villain, scilicet Tulket, in provincia quoo vocatur 
Agmundernes, super ripam flu minis Bibble, ad abbatiam construendam 
ordinis sui tempore Kalixti ]>apa? ; et ibi fere per tres annos permanserunt. ,, • 

Aft the end of three years Count Stephen endowed them with his whole 
forest of Furness (then an undefined tract of country, see No. V) and 
Walney, with the right of hunting in these territories, Dalton in Furness, 
and all his demesne in Furness with the men (free and villein), Ulverston, 
and Roger Bristwald with his possessions, the Counts fishery in the Lune, 
Warine the Little with all his land, and soke and sake, tol and theam, 
infangenthef, and whatever was contained within Furness, except the land 
of Michael le Fleming. Accordingly in 1127 the new Abbey resigned the 

1 Guarinum (Ibid.). 

3 toll urn et tare, in fan genet heof (Ibid.). 

1 {romper to monasterii inclusive omitted (Ibid.). 

4 teneatur (Ibid.). 

' The names of the \* itnesses have been added from the copy in the Patent 
Boll. 

8 Symconewtit Dunelmensi* Historic* Continuatio. (Surteos Soc , Vol. LI, 
p. 120.) 



THE LANCASHIRE CHARTULARY. 303 

hamlet of Tulketh 1 to the Founder, and removed to their new possessions.. 
The townships of Furness had been assessed to Dane Geld as 41 teamlands. 
By this grant exactly one half, or 20£ teamlands devolved upon the Abbey, 
including Dalton, Ulverston, and the demesne lands. The remaining 20$ 
teamlands held by Michael le Fleming within those townships, of which he 
had been previously enfeoffed at the fee farm service of £10 per annum, 
viz., Pennington, Urswick and Aldingham, were particularly excepted from 
the grant to the Abbey. Roger Bristwald was, I believe, Count Stephen's 
tenant in Kirkby Irleth, and afterwards appears as Roger de Kirkby. By 
this grant he became a vassal of the Abbey. 

Of the witnesses, Hugh de Campagny and Oisivalin (?) de Argentan 
were the Count's foreign vassals, as it is probable that Robert de Archib 2 
also was. Robert Grelley was baron of Manchester, Geoffrey Bussel baron 
of Penworthara, Roger fitz Richard, and Robert de Sachevill, knights 
holding fees in Essex and Suffolk, &c, respectively. 

A very full account of the foundation of this Abbey will be found in 
Beck's Annates Furnesienses, p. 109, et seq. 



SERIES IV. CHARTER No. II. 
ad. 1127-1133. 27-33 Henry I. 

Confirmation by Hbnby I of Count Stephen's Chabtbb of Foundation 
of tub Abbey of Furness. 

Coiicher of Furness, Duchy of Lane., Glass xi, No. 3,fol. 426. 

In nomine patris, [et filii, et spiritus sancti, et in honore 
sanctre Maria*, niatris domini nostri ihesu christi, amen.] Ego 
Henricu8, dei gratia Rex Anglorum et Dux Normannornm, pro 
salute aninic'e inerc, et pro animabus patrum et antecessorum 
meorum, et pro anima matris metv, necnon et vxorum mearum 
et prolis nostra?, concedo et pnesentis paghue attestatione confirmo 
donum quod ad Abbatiam, deo adiuuante, extruendam dedit deo 
omnipotenti et sancke Mariie de flfudernesio] 3 et Abbati illius loci 
Stephanus, Comes Bolonii atque Moretonii, scilicet, totam forestam 
suam de ff[udernesio] 3 et Wagneiam cum omni venatione qua? in 
eis est, et Daltonam, et omne dominicum suum infra ff[uder- 
nesium], 4 cum hominibus et omnibus ei pertinentibus, videlicet, 

1 After tho translation of the monks of Savigny to Furness, Count Stephen (or 
his successor) founded the Hospital of St. Mary Magdalene upon the site of the 
former Abbey. See Series VII. 

9 Robert de Arches was excused 6*. for Dane Geld in co. Warwick, in 1130. 
(Pipe Roll, 31 Henry I, p. 104.) 

» Fuderneeio (Patent, 21 Ric. II, Pt. 2, m. 15). 4 Fudernesium (Ibid.). 



304 THE LANCASHIRE CHAIITULAB7. 

in bosco, in piano, in terra et in aquia, et Oluestonain, et Eogerum 
Briatfoalduni] 1 cum suis, et piseariam suam de Lancastra, et 
Guarinum parmnn, cum terra et hominibus, et omnibus rebus 
eius, et socum et sacum et toll et tern et iufnngtheof, 2 et quicquid 
infra ff[udernesium] 3 continetur, pra»ter terrain MichaJis flamengi, 
eo nimirum intuitu et tenore quatinus in loco pnudicto ordo 
inormsticus et regubnis, per divinam gratiam teneatur: Quam 
proculdubio donationem illibatam imperpetuum custodiri princi- 
pali auctoritate constituo, et quicquid pnesentium vol futurorum 
deuocio fideliuni ipsi.s in christo contulerit, firmuni manere con- 
stituo atque compono. Forro, vt Iutc intemerata et inconvulsa 
imperpetuum permaneant : e«o ipse lnanu niea subseribo et 
pra'sentem signo sancta' crucis cartani corroboro. Signum 
+ Henrici Regis Anglorum et Dueis Xormannonun : -f 
signum Turstini Eboracensis Archiepiscopi : + signum Audini 
Episcopi : signum -f Ricardi baiocensis Episcopi : + signum 
Roberti de sigillo : signum Roberti + Comitis Glocestiue. 4 

NOTES. 

King Henry's confirmation of Stephens grant would probably follow 
within a year or two after the translation to Furness. It was witnessed by 
the King himself; Thurston, Archbishop of York (1119-1140); Audoen, 
Bishop of Evreux, and brother of the Archbishop of York ; Richard II, son 
of Sampson, Bishop of Bayeux (110G-1133); Robert de Sigillo, afterwards 
Bishop of London ; and Robert, Earl of Gloucester (1109-1147). 



SERIES IV. CHARTER No. III. 
a.d. circa 1136-1141. 1-G Stephen/ 

Confirmation by King Stephen of fiis Charter of Foundation op th* 
Abbey of Furness, made when he was Count of Boulogne akd 
Mortain. 

Gaucher of Furness, Duchy of Lane, Class ri, No. 3,/. 426. 

Steplianus, Rex Anglorum, oiiiuibus fidelibus suis tociua 
Angliie, salutem. Sciatis quod coucessi deo et ecclesia* sanctae 
marirc de flffurnesio], et Abbati et Monacbis eeclesia? eiusdem in 
ea deo seruientibus, in perpetuuni eleiuosinani, pro anima domini 
Henrici Regis et auunculi [mei], et patruni et antecessorum 

1 Bristoaldum (Ihitl.). 2 tollum ct tarn et infangenclheof (Ibid.). 

8 Fudernesiuni (Ibid.). 

4 The names of the witnesses have been added from the copy in the Patent Roll 



THE LANCASHIRE CHARTULARY. 305 

meorum, et pro remissione pecatorum ineorum, et vxoris et 
prolis mere, et fratrum meorum, et pro stabilitate regiii mei, 
omnia ista subscripts quae eidem ecclesire dederam dum Comes 
Moretonii eram, scilicet, totam forestam meam de fl*[urnesio] 
cum omni venatione quce in ea est, et Daltonam, et totum 
dominicum meum infra ff[urnesium], cum hominibus et omnibus 
ei pertinentibii8, in bosco, in piano, in terra et in aquis, et 
01ue8tonam, et Rogerum Brist[oldum] cum suis, et do eis socum 
ct sacum, et toll et tern, et iufangthef, et quicquid infra ff[ur- 
nesium] coutinetur, prater terram Michaelis fllamengi, eo tamen 
tenore interposito, ut in loco illo per dispositionem Abbatis 
pnesentis ordo Monasticus et regularis, deo succurrente, teneatur. 
Concessu quoque meo et voluntate, dedit eis Willelmus de Lan- 
castria villain de Mulcaster, quae est de feodo meo, solutam et 
quietam ab omni seruitio, cum omnibus quae ei pertinent. Hanc 
itaque donationem et concessionem meam, factam deo et ecclesiae 
illi, Regia autoritate confirmo, et inuiolate, integreque mansuram 
usque in sempiternum, a deo michi concessa potestate, corroboro. 
Et quicquid pnesentium vel futurorum deuocio fidelium ipsis in 
Christo contulerit : firmum manere statuo et compono. 

NOTES. 

King Stephen's confirmation of his foundation charter made when he 
was Count of Boulogne and Mortain, and Lord of Lancaster, is chiefly 
interesting because it contains a reference to William de Lancaster, the 
fourth reputed Baron of Kendal, and first of his line. It appears that he 
was possessed of the lordship of Mulcaster (now Muncaster), over the 
Penningtons of Pennington in Furness, and under Robert de Romilly, lord 
of Egremont and Skipton, who held it in right of his wife, Cecilia, daughter 
and heiress of William de Meschines. This over-lordship appears to have 
been due to the fact that certain manors in Cumberland and north West- 
morland, which had been held by Ketel, son of Eldred and others under 
Ivo Taillebois, first reputed Baron of Kendal, liad descended to William de 
Lancaster, by virtue of the grant to him of that reputed Barony, from 
Roger de Mowbray, son of Nigel de Albini, who had received a grant 
of that barony from Henry I, probably some years after the death of 
Ivo Taillebois (see Series XVI). 

It is however evident that William de Lancaster's interest in Muncaster 
can only liave covered the feudal rights of escheat, wardship, marriage, &c, 
and as no more is heard of Furness possessing any title here in after years, 
we may presume that the grant was annulled. 

The names of the witnesses to this confirmation have not been preserved, 
and therefore the date can only be surmised. As however King Stephen 
gave Lancashire, between Kibble and Mersey, to Eanulf Gernons, Earl of 
Chester, in 1141, the date probably lay between 1136 and the latter year. 

X 



:W6 TIIE LANCASHIRE CHARTULARY. 

SERIES IV. CHARTER No. IV. 
a.d. circa 1153-1155. 19 Stephen— 1 Henry II. 

Confirmation by William, Coitnt of Boulogne and Mobtain, box of 
Kino Stephen, of his father's quant to Furnkbs. 

Couchcr of Furness, Duchy of Lane, Class XI, No, 3,/. 43. 

In nomine Patris [et Filii, et Spiritus Sancti], Ego, Willelmus 
Comes Bolonii et Moretonii, patris mei Regis Stephani, et Reginae 
Matildis deuocionem attendens, quam in constructione Abbatiae 
sancta) Marias de ff [urnesio] antequam regnum Anglorum adepti 
essent, pro salute animarum suarum, et pro anima Regis 
Henrici et pnedecessorum suoruin, et pro animabus omnium 
fidelium, tarn viuorum quam mortuoruin, Deo, tanquam sacrificium 
matutinum, optulerunt, pro salute quoque aniime mete et vxoris 
meae Comitissas Isabellas, et omnium parentum nostrorum, ipsam 
constructionem eiusdem Abbatite concedo et confirmo, et omnia 
sibi ab eisdem collata ecclesiam ipsam perpetuo possidere coneedo, 
Totam scilicet, forestam [meain] de ff[urnesio] et Wagneam, cum 
omni venatione qua) in cis est, et Daltonam, et omne dominium 
meum infra flfurnesium], cum hominibus et omnibus ei pertinenti- 
bus, videlicet, in bosco, in piano, in terra et in aquis, et Olues- 
tonam, et Rogerum Brist[waldum], cum suis, et piscariam suam de 
Lancastra, et Guarinum parvum, cum omni terra sua, et socum et 
sacum, et tol et tern, et infangthef, et quicquid infra ff[urnesium] 
continetur, pnetcr terrain Michaelis ttlamengi. Quare volo et 
pnecipio quod Abbatas ipsius Monasterii et omues [ad] Monasti- 
cuin ordinem ibidem Deo mancipandi omnium pnedictorum 
donationem a patre et [a] matre mea collatam, solutam, et [ab] 
omni calumpnia quictam, et liberam perpetuo possideant, cum 
omnibus libcrtatibus et consuetudinibus quas ex confirmatione 
cartiu venerabilis Regis Angl[orum] Henrici optinuerunt. Et 
omnium horum concessit )iiem et confirmation em, tarn testibus 
quam sigillo meo, corroboro atque consigno. [Testibus : Reinaldo 
de \Yar[ren]: Roberto de Wesuenal : Simone [de] Cail[li] : 
Roberto Orel[lei] : Rad[ulfn] de Pleic[eio] : Osberto Mar[tel] : 
Willelmo de Lanc[astria] : Rogero filio Rannec[il] : Eustacio 
Cancellario : Willelmo filio Rabon', A pud Theoford.] 1 

1 The additions within square bracket* are from the Patent Moll, 21 Ric. II, 
I't. 2, m. tf5. The Editor is responsible for the extensions of the witnesses' names. 



THE LANCASHIRE CHARTULARY. 307 



NOTES. 

William, Count of Boulogne and Mortain, Earl of Warren, and Lord of 
Lancaster, succeeded to the last named fief before the death of King Stephen, 
his father, by strict right of inheritance, and in accordance with the agree- 
ment made between his father and Duke Henry in 1153 (see Series XIII). 
He confirmed his father's charter of foundation by the same description as 
that used in the original grant. It is dated at Thetford, co. Norfolk, where 
the Earl might have been on a visit to the Priory of canons of the order of 
the Holy Sepulchre, founded there by his wife's father, William, third Earl 
of Warren. The witnesses are his uncle Reginald de Warren, Robert de 
Wesvenal, who has not been identified, Simon de Cailly, one of his knights, 
Robert Qrelley, Baron of Manchester, Ralph de Plaiz, another of his knights, 
Osbert Martel of Edlesborough, co. Bucks., William de Lancaster, Baron of 
Kendal, Roger, son of Ravenkil, thane of Woodplumpton, in Amounderness, 
Eustace his Chancellor, and William fitz Rabode. 1 The date will lie between 
the treaty of Wallingford, made at Winchester, 7th November, 1153 (by 
the provisions of which the Earl took over the Honor of Lancaster, which 
had then recently escheated to the Crown after the death of the Earl of 
Chester), and his death in 1160, but probably soon after 1153. 



SERIES IV. CHARTER No. V. 
a.d. 1157-1158. 3-4 Henry II. 

Agreement confirmed by William, Count of Boulogne and Mortain, 
and eabl of wabben, between the abbot of fubness and mlchabl 
le Fleming of Fubness. 

Duchy of Lane, Ancient Deeds, L 342. 

Witts • Comes Bolon * Moriton • ^ Wa& -j Justicijs * Vicc- 
comitibus • Ministfs • Et Oninib 9 fidelib 9 • Suis de honore de 
Lancastro • Sat • Sciatis me concessisse "j hac Carta mea con- 
firmasse ' Excambium • quod fecerunt inter se • Abbas fornesij 
Ewan 9 • "j Michahel flanimigus i quod tale est i Michael 
tenet de terra Abbatje Berdcseiam i cum Ptinentijs • Et 
Abbatja fornesij tenet e cont a de terra Michaelis ^ Ros • *j 
Criueltona • cum Ptinentijs • Et quoniani quibusdam Emer- 
gen tibus causis suscitata fuerat Conteiitio "aduersus predictam 
Abbatiam. Ego Witts Conies intuitu pietati 8 quam Ante- 
cessore" mej habuerunt ad eandem Ecctjam construendam • 
Poti 9 desiderans Incrementum r 4 det'mentu ipsi 9 fratrum 
q'etem:' quam uexatione • quod ad solidam -j Ppetuam paceia 

1 Cf. Red Book of the Exchequer > Yol. II, p. eclxxv. 

x 2 



308 THE LANCASHIRE CHARTULAKY. 

Inter Abbatiam 3 Michaelem confirmanda In presentia mea "j 
Baronum meo* actum est Et aditum t debita benignitate con- 
finnauj • Hoc scilicet qct Johs Al)bas fornesij ^ Conuent? 
Successor suo* Paci puiden*^ dedit Michaeli unam Carucatam 
tene In fornesjo • que dicitur VrVic pama • 3 unam Caru- 
catam In Copelanda^ que dicit fossa. Ita qd donee Abbas earn 
Michaelj delibet:' habebit inde Michael de Abbatja • x • sot * 
annuatj • "j si q'd de Exitu illi 9 supfuerit:' quod inde Abbatja 
rationabitr exigere 3 habere poterit * "j Terrain in Lancast* * 4 
Warin 9 paruu 9 dedit prefate Eccrje • Hec Autem Inc e menta 
tenebit Micheal -j heredes suj de Abbatja libere 3 qujete ab 
omnj seruitio seclarj J . *j inde fidelitatem Abbatj 3 Ecctje 
facien * de ipsis manutenendi' ^ Consulendis in negotijs 3 uerbis 
eo& • Et ita debet omni' Lis inter eos esse Sopita 3 pax inter 
eos finna seruarj • Testibvs * Regin de Wa^ * faRam • WiHo 
de Lancastra • Adam de Montebugon • WiHo de Yseinnia • 
Rog?o filjo Had • Ricard Buissell • Ricardo Pincern * WiHo 
Malebissa . Robto de Boeuilla • Eustacjo Cancellarjo ■ Apud 
Lanca8tram ; 

Endorsed — Cont a Michaelem. De 9cordia. 

Portion of a seal of reddish brown wax, much worn. 

The above charter printed verbatim et litteratim from the original in the 
Public Record Office, records the confirmation by the Earl of Warren of an 
exchange made between Ewan, the first abbot of Furness, and Michael le 
Fleming, by which Michael held Bardsey of the Abbey, and the Abbey held 
Roose and Crivelton (now Newton) of Michael, in order to consolidate their 
respective estates. The charter also records the settlement of a dispute, 
between the Abbey and le Fleming, made by the Earl in the presence of 
his barons, by which John de Cantsfield, then Abbot, gave to Michael, one 
team land in Furness, called Little Urswick, and one team land in Copeland, 
called Foss, and ten shillings yearly out of the issues of these estates until 
the Ablxrt should put him in seisin, and the land in Lancaster which Warine 
the Little gave to Furness, to hold of the Abbey, free and quit of secular 
service. The witnesses are — Reginald de Warren, the Earls uncle ; Fara- 
muse de Boulogne, the Earl's Norman baron ; William de Lancaster, baron 
of Kendal ; Adam de Montbegon, baron of Hornby ; William de Yseiny of 
Wit King ton, co. Lancaster, one of the Earl's knights ; Roger, son of Ralph 
who has not been identified ; Richard Bussell, baron of Penwortham ; 
Richard le Boteler, baron of Warrington ; William Malebisse, probably a 
member of the Yorkshire house of that name ; Robert de Boy vill, probably 
brother of Godard de Boyvill of Milium ; and Eustace, the Chancellor. 



THE LANCASHIRE CHARTULARY. 309 

The charter was dated at Lancaster, probably when the Earl was on his 
way to Carlisle, where in January, 1158, Henry I granted to him the honour 
of knighthood. It is also noteworthy that Faramuse of Boulogne had been 
in England the previous year. 1 



SERIES IV. CHARTER No. VI. 
a.d. 1153-1160. 19 Stephen— 6 Henry II. 

Gbant by Willi ah, Eabl of Wabben, to the Mokes of Fubnes of 
matebial8 to be take* in his fobe8t of lancabteb fob the con- 
struction of theib fishebt of lancaster. 

Coitcher of Furness, Add. MS. 33,244, fol. 70. 

Willelmus Comes Warrennhe et Bolonii et Moretoniae omnibus 
Justiciariis suis et balliuis et homhiibus suis de honore Lancastrian 
8alutem. Sciatis nie dedisse et sigilli mei munimine confirmasse 
Deo et monachis sanctae Marke de ffurnesio in perpetuam elemosi- 
nam ut in foresta mea de Lancastria accipiant materiem et cetera 
qiue ad usus suos sunt necessaria, et nominatim ad piscariain 
suam de Lancastria faciendam quicquid cis ad hoc opus fuerit inde 
accipere permitto. Testibus Reginaldo de Warrena, Eustachio 
cancellario, etc. 

NOTES. 

The fishery of the river Lune at Lancaster was one of the items of 
Stephen's original grant of Furness to the monks of Savigny. By this 
charter the Earl of Warren grants to them licence to take what timber they 
might require for making balks or weirs in the Lune for the purposes of 
their fishery there. The witnesses were the Earl's uncle, and Eustace the 
Chancellor. 



SERIES IV. CHARTER No. VIII. 
a.d. 1158. 4 Henry II. 

LBTTBB OF PBOTECTION FBOM HbNBT II FOB THE MONKS OF FtTBKESS AND ALL 
THEIB GOOD3 ANI> POSSESSIONS, AND ESPECIALLY OF CbIVELTON AND 

Boose, which they had fbom Michael lb Fleming in exchange toe 
Babdsbt. 

Duchy of Lane., Royal CJiarters, Class X> No. 31. 

H • Rex Angt • ^ Dux Norm ^ Aq'i • -j Coiitf And * 
Arch Epis Epi8 • Abb • Com • Bar? ' Justlc • Vic * Ministr? * 

1 Itinerary of Henry II, pp. 27, 82. 



310 THE LANCASHIRE CIIAIITULART. 

■j Oiiiib} fi(lelil)3 suis Toti 9 Anglic :' sal " Sciatis qd Abbas 
"5 Monaclii de Fornesio 3 or res 3 possessi5es sue s't in mea 
pp ! a Custodia *j ptec.tioe • Qr> volo *j firmiV peipio qd teneat 

os Iras "j res suas Ita bn *j In pace 3 lifce 3 Juste 3 qete 

■5 bonorifice sic tenuert die q Rex • H • aims ins fuit viuus 
■5 mortuus * Et noiatl Criueltona "j Eos qs babent In 
Escambio p Berdcseia de Micbaele flarngo. Et phibeo ne 
q's sibj ut reb} suis Iniuria ut Contumeliam faciat * ? • 
Coift Keg • Apd Noting. 

Endorsed — H Regis d ptectione contra michahole fla megem, 

V." 
Seal missing. 

NOTES. 

This letter of protection passed at Nottingham, apparently circa January, 
1158. It is noteworthy that the endorsement describes it as a letter of 
protection " against Michael le Fleming," who five years before had made 
an exchange with the monks of Furness, of Roose and Crivelton (now 
Newton), for Bardsey. Perhaps he had afterwards found reason to be 
dissatisfied with the exchange, and had been endeavouring to cancel the 
agreement. 



SEEIES IV. CHARTER No. IX. 
a.d. 1157-1163. S-9 Henry II. 

CONFIRMATION BY HENRY II OF TIIE AGREEMENT MADE BETWEEN THE MOKKB 

of Furness and William de Lancaster, touching the division or 
Furness Fells. 

Duchy of Lane., Royal Charters, Class A", No. 27. 

H • Rex Angl • *j Dux Norm * *j Aquit ^ Com And ■ 
ArchiepTs • epTs • Abbib} Comitibus Baron • Justic • Vic • 
Ministris ' 3 omnib} hominib} suis totius anglie francis "j 
anglis sal Sciatis me conccssisse * "5 carta mea confirmasse 
conuentionem que facta fuit coram me • int' monacos de 
furnesio ^ Wittm filiu Gillebti de montanis de furn " Que 
talis t Montana de furn diuidun? A kendala his Pminis • sic 
iuratu f pcepto meo iuramento • xxx • hominu • de sic aqua 
descendit de Wreineshals in langedenelittle • "5 in in helf- 
watra ■ *j iii p Braiza • in Winendeinere a 3 in in leuena • 
T in usq3 mare • Hanc u tram partitus est abbas de furn 



THE LANCASHIRE CIIAKTULARY. 



311 



p diuisas subscriptas * Ab heltewatra ad tillesburc • 3 in ad 
Coningestoii • *j in ad eapd de turstiniwatra * *j in p ripam 
ipsius aque • usq} crec • *j in in leucnam • Witts u elegit 
sibi partem illam que adiacet istis tminis a parte occi- 
dental! • tenendam de afcfcia de furfi integre • *j plenarie • 
in bosco * *j piano • in aquis * 3 piscariis * 3 omnib3 reb} 
reddendo in afcfcie de furn annuatim • xx * sol * 3 fili 9 
eiusdem Willi faciet honiagium in afcibi eiusdem loci. Illam 

u parte q adiacet eisde tminis a parte orientali lit ead 
atiSia excepto qd in parte ilia habebit Wills venatione 3 
accipitres. Quare nolo 3 firmit pcipio qd hec conuentio 
lirma * *j inconcussa teneal: * "5 qd ead afcibia parte sua pdicta 
hat *j teneat bn * "j in pace 3 integre * in bosco "5 piano * 
in aquis "j piscariis • 3 in omnib} locis "j reb} T • R • line • 
h • dun epis • E • Com leg? • Ric de lucj. Willo de vescj • 
Gaufr de Valon * Willo de Agremont * Aub gresli • Johe 
cons? • Ric pincina • henr fit suani • Gospatric fil orm " Ric 
fil Iuon • p manum Stephanj capellani Apd Wdestoc; 

Endorsed — Henfi Regis Junioris de in? monacos d? 
furneis "5 Willm cR lonocastria • xi: • 



Also endorsed — Hec sut nola holm xxx infrascriptoa 
ex fteepis Regis Henr? iunioris iurato* ad enuciand rectas 
diuisas inV Kendala "5 flurnesiu, vidz • 



Henric 9 fil Suani 
Ro£us fil Rauenkilli 
Michael de ffurnesio 
Gospatric fil Ormonis 
Wills Gernet 
Wills die 9 de Kertmell 
Ailward 9 de Bartona 
Hucta fil ffrostolfi 
Bndict 9 de Penytona 
Gillo Michael de Mertona 
Wills Brictwald 
Will fil Itofci de Kyre 
Dolfin 9 de Kyrkeby 
Vlfus de Kyrkeby 
Swift de Penigtona 



Ormo de Oregraua 
Bernard 9 fforest? 3 
Wills frater eius 
Vlfus de Kyrkeby iunior 
Erenbald 9 de Daltona 
Stephs de Vrsewyk 
Bernard 9 de Daltona 
Robert 9 fil Ormonis 
Edulfus fit Edmudi 
Siward 9 fflint 
Ormo fil Bernulfi 
Huctred 9 fil Edmudi 
Ketell 9 fil Gerardi 
Dolfin 9 de Kyrkeby iunior 
ffrethebaldus. 



312 THE LANCASHIRE CIIARTULAKY. 

Et liec c diuisa sup* mSorata cii noib} istis viro^ put 
het in ji'iici cuiusda libelli cois annarii vita sc-T Macuti 
intithiti de vetusta lrfi scripta vid} De sicut aq descendit 
de Wminealials in Langdenelitle vsq3 Elterwa't y hide p 
Braitlm vsq} in Wynandreii? *j inde vsq} leuena -3 do 
[leu]ena [per] ai vsq3 mar? Ibm * Et hec c 9 

diuisa inV flurnesia 3 Coupelandifi viz ■ de sic 1 aqua 
descendit de Wraineshals in Trutehil *j inde p Dudenii 
V8(j3 mare. 

Seal sewn up in parchment. 

NOTES. 

This document relates to a period when there were no definite divisions 
known as the "County of Lancaster," or the "County of Westmorland." The 
former description when used would apply to the whole Honor of Lancaster, 
and not to that part only which was afterwards described as " Comitatus 
Lancastrian infra Limam." The latter description, as Westmeringland, or 
Westmeriland, embraced only that part of the present county of Westmor- 
land which lay to the north-east of Bori-ow Beck, Long Sleddale, Kentmere, 
Hartsop, and Patterdale. 

Before the Conquest, the distinct to the north of Morecambe Bay 
contained a number of townships, of which the Domesday Survey says 
that they "lie to Hougiin,'' which lay partly in Cumberland, and partly in 
Furness. There were also two separate manors, viz.: Ulverston and Alding- 
ham. This district merged into the neighbouring lordship of Kendal, through 
a wild, uncultivated, and sparsely inhabited region of fells and dales, rivers, 
and lakes. After Count lioger the Poictevin's first forfeiture of his north 
country fief, a few years before the date of Domesday, those of his manors 
which lay in Westmorland and Yorkshire were severed from the rest of 
his fief, and given— as regards Eweeross Wapentake and Kendal — to Ivo 
Taillebois, and soon after Ivo's death, to Nigel de Albini, progenitor of the 
noble house of Mowbray. The rest, as we know, excluding the other Yorkshire 
manors, was restored to Count Roger by William Rufus, but was finally lost 
by the forfeiture of 1102, when it remained in the Crown until Henry I 
incorporated the Honor of Lancaster, and about 1114-1116 bestowed it upon 
his nephew Stephen, Count of Boulogne ami Mortain. About twelve years 
Liter, Stephen gave Furness to the monks of Savigny, then settled at Tulketh 
For the next forty years the Fell country which belonged Iwth to the lord- 
ships of Furness and Ulverston, and to the Lancaster fief of Kendal, remained 
undivided, until dispute, followed by litigation in the King's Court, arose 
'netween the monks of Furness, as lords of the district of Furness (including 
Flemings moiety), and William fitz Gilbert de Lancaster as lord both 
of Ulveston, and of the fief of Kendal, which Roger de Mowbray had 
bestowed upon him with lands in Lonsdale and Ribblesdale. (See Series 
XVI.) This was settled by an agreement made before King Henry II, duly 



THE LANCASHIRE CHARTULARY. 313 

confirmed by him in this charter of confirmation, whereby Kendal was to be 
divided from Furness by a boundary established upon oath according to the 
King's precept by the verdict of thirty freemen occupying lands in the 
adjacent districts. This boundary commenced from the three shire stones 
" as the water descends from Wrynose Haws into Little Langdale (long after 
called Langden), thence into Elterwater, and thence by Braithay into 
Windermere, and thence into Leven, and so into the sea." Of the land so 
parted from Kendal, the Abbot of Furness took, as belonging to his liberty of 
Furness, the eastern part, lying between the boundary described above, and 
a boundary commencing " from Elterwater to Tilburthwaite, and thence to 
Coniston, and thence to the head of Thurstan water (the ancient name of 
Coniston lake), and thence by the bank of that water unto Crake, and thence 
into Leven." William de Lancaster chose the western part, as the portion 
belonging to his manor of Ulverston, which he was to hold under the Abbot 
of Furness by the yearly service of twenty shillings, " for which the son of 
the same William shall do homage to the abbot of the same place." He also 
possessed the exclusive right of hunting, and the hawks in the Abbot's 
portion of the Fells. A postscript endorsed on the charter gives the following 
boundary between Furness and Copeland : " As the water descends from 
Wrai-nes-hals (Wrynose Haws) into Trutehil (Troutal) and thence by Duden 
unto the sea." 

It is difficult to fix the exact date of this agreement because the King was 
frequently at Woodstock, between his accession and the 26th January, 1168, 
when Robert de Chesney, Bishop of Lincoln, died. Eyton gives the date 
circa September, 1157, but that appears to be too early by some years, 
because William, Count of Boulogne, and Earl of Warren, was Lord of 
Lancaster until his death in 1160, and if living he would have had something 
to say about this agreement. Again, Albert Grelley's relief for his barony 
of Manchester apparently became due during the shrievalty of Geoffrey de 
Valoines, as appears by the Pipe Roll of the 16 Henry II, 1169-1170 (p. 15), 
where he figures with others as debtor to the King for 18 J marks, apparent 1 y 
the balance of his relief. Geoffrey de Valoines was Sheriff of Lancaster from 
Michaelmas 1164, to the same date in 1166. But he was probably sheriff 
before that period, Michaelmas 1164, being the date at which the Honor of 
Lancaster passed to the Crown from the heirs or assigns of William, Earl 
of Warren. Furthermore, there is no apparent reason for the gathering of 
so many north country barons and knights at Woodstock in 1157. It appears 
probable that the correct date should be 1-7 July, 1 163, immediately after 
the campaign against the Welsh, in which the King was accompanied by 
Richard de Luci, the Justiciar. 

Of the other witnesses, William de Vesci was Sheriff of Northumberland ; 
Geoffrey de Valoines, Sheriff of Laucaster ; William de Egremont was 
William fitz Duncan, who in right of his wife was lord of Skipton, the estate 
of her father Robert Romilly, and Lord of Egremont, the estate of her 
mother, the daughter and heir of William de Meschines. Albert Grelley, 
Lord of Manchester, son of Albert Grelley, the elder ; John, Constable of 
Chester, son and heir of Richard fitz Eustace, Baron of Hal ton, and Constable 
of Chester. The fact of John fitz Richard being here described as "Constable" 
proves that his father was then dead. Richard le Boteler, Baron of Warring- 



314 THE LANCASHIRE C1IAT5TULAKY. 

ton ; Henry fitz Swain, Lord of Langwnthbv and Eden hall, and brother of 
Adam fitz Swain, supposed Lord of Hornby ; Gospatrick, eon of Onn, Lord 
of several manors within the Barony of Egremont ; and Richard, son of Yvo, 
whom I cannot identify. The presence of several Cumberland knights at 
Woodstock confirms the supposition that the correct date of this charter 
should be in 1103, because there is reason to believe that after raiding 
Carmarthenshire in April and May of that year, the King travelled north to 
Carlisle, and afterwards returned south to Woodstock. 

The list of names of those persons by whose verdict the division of the 
Fells was made, is interesting as containing the names of many free tenants 
holding Lands in Furness, viz., in Broughton, Pennington, Marton, Kirkby 
Irleth, Orgrave. Dalton, Urswick, and some other townships outside Furness. 
Among the first six, two witnessed the King's charter ; of the other*, Roger, 
son of Ravenkil, and Michael le Fleming of Furness, were well known 
knights, holding lands in Lancashire ; William Gernet was chief forester of 
fee in Lancashire, and William the clerk of Cartmel, may have been the 
parson of Cartmel, or an official connected with the royal demesne there. 
Among the last few names we find Orm, son of Bernulf, of Over Kellet, and 
Ughtred, son of Edmund, of Newby, in the parish of Clapham. 

Further disputes alxmt the Fells of Furness arose between the monks and 
Gilbert fitz Reinfred in the time of King Richard, which were settled by a 
Final Concord levied at Westminster, on the 11th February, 1196. (Lanca- 
shire Final Concord*, p. 4.) 



SEKIES IV. CHARTER No. X. 
a.d. 1174. 20 Henry II. 

Letter of protection from William, Kino op Scots, for thb Abbey of 

St. Maby of Furness, and the monks there. 

Dnrhy of Lanc. y Ancient Deeds, L 79. 

W • Rex Scott • Epis ■ abbib} • Coniitib; * Baronib} • 
Justiciis • Vicecom • 3 0\h} pbis ho!l)3 toci 9 tre sue 
francis 3 Anglis ' Scottis "j Gahvahesih} salul * Sciatis 
me cocessisse mea firma pace ecciie See Marie d furneis 
■j Monachis *j fril>3 ibid do seruientil)} • 3 om!l)3 reb} 
suis *j Vris 3 lioil)3 *j possession^ • phifoo itaq} firmit' 
ne q's hoiu meo^ ut hoiii tre nice p\lictis monachis ut 
eo& reb} ant possessionib} liurifi ut 9tuinelifi aliq* faciat 
sup mea defensione • Test Com Dunce • Com Wald ■ Kifi 
d Moruift 9st • philippo de colcuift . apd karleolu. 

Endorsed — Wttm 9 Rex Scotie. 

Seal wanting. 



THE LANCASHIRE CHARTULAKY. St 5 

NOTES. 

This letter of protection for the monks of Fumess was proliably granted 
by William, King of Scots, wbile he was besieging Carlisle during April, 
1 174. The first witness, Duncan, was Earl of Fife and Justiciar of Scotland ; 
Waldeve was Earl of Dunbar, son and heir of Gospatric, the third Earl, who 
died in 1166 ; Richard de Morevil, lord of Burgh upon Sands, in Cumberland, 
was the Scotch King's Constable ; Philip de Colville was one of the King's 
vassals in Yorkshire. All these four witnesses are named in the 
agreement between King Henry of England, and William, King of Scots, 
made at Falaise, circ% 10th October, 1174, among the hostages which the 
latter gave for his liberty. (Foedera, edit. 1816, Vol. T, p. 30.) 



SERIES IV. CHARTER No. XI. 
a.d. 1189-1194. 1-5 RicnARD I. 

Confirmation bt John, Count of Mortain, and lord of Lancaster, of 

THE CHABTBB8 OF COUNT STEPHEN, HeNBY I HIS GRANDFATHER, AND 

Henry 11 his father, made to tiie monks of Furnbss. 
Duchy of Lane., Royal CJiarters, No. 33. 

Johs Com More? Ofiiib) homing 3 Bailliuis 3 Aniicius 
suis Satt • Sciatis me ejeessisse ^ 9firmasse Afifei ^ Mdach 
de furnesio in ppetua elemosina donu qd Com Steph eis 
fecit sicut carta sua 3 Carta • h • p'mi * Reg Angi paui 
mei ' -j carta • h • scdi pris mei testanl: • Set} tota 
foresta sua de furnesio • 3 Wageneia cu omi uenafone 
que in eis • e • 7 Daltona - "5 totu dniuni suu infra 
furnesiu cu hoib3 3 ofiiibj alijs ei ptinentib3 • in bosco • 
in piano • in ftris 3 aquis • 3 Olueston • 3 Rogiu Briht- 
watd cum suis • 3 piscaria suam de Lancastr • 3 Warin 
paruu cu ?ra "j hoit>3 "5 omib} reb3 suis • *) q*c quid infra 
furnesium 9tine^ f>ter 'tra Michaei flamegi • PreVea 9cedo 
eis 3 in elemosina gfirmo q'equid eis roafcliter datum est 
sicut carte 3 Cyrograph donato* eis legalit testant • Ex dono 
Michael flamegi fortebothle "5 Criuelton 3 Ros • q a s hnt in 
escambio de eode Michaele p Berdeseia • Quare uolo 3 
firnri? pcipio qd teneat ita bn 3 in pace 3 HU?e 3 quiete 
3 honorifice 3 plene cu Socha 3 Sacha • 3 Tol • "5 Team • 
3 Infongenethef • "j cu ofnib3 alijs lib?tatib3 3 liberis 
9suetudinib3 *j q'etancijs suis sicut uqua meli 9 . "j . lilffius "j 
q ! eti 9 tenuert tepe • H • Reg paui mei •• 3 sicut carta sua 
testat • Tesf • Rob de Bretoil • Witto de Trubleuitt • Witto 



316 THE LANCASHIRE CHARTULARY. 

de Bucket * Ric de vern * Witto de Boiuitt • Rogo de 
Munbug • Theobald Walfi • Magro P. de littelfer • apd 
Burefor. 

Endorsed — Confirmatio Johis Comitis Moretonij ' de funda- 

tione kuius Cenobij. XX. 

Seal sewn up in linen. 

NOTES. 

This confirmation passed at Burford in Oxfordshire, and was witnessed 
by Robert de Bretel, a military tenant of the Honors of Haughley, in Essex, 
and Percy, in Kent ; William de TrubWill, a Norman ; William de Bussei, 
a tenant in the Bailiwick of Gavray ; Richard de Vernon, afterwards Sheriff 
of Lancaster ; William de Boivill, a Norman ; Roger de Montbegon, of 
Hornby Castle ; Theobald Walter, Butler of Ireland ; and Master Peter de 
Littlebury, a clerk in the EaiTs Chancery. 



SERIES IV. CHARTER No. XII. 
a.d. 1194-1199. 5-10 Richard I. 

LETTERS OF PHOTECTION FROM RlCHABD I TO THE MONKS OF FUBNE8S FOB 

THEMSELVES AND ALL Til Hill POSSESSIONS. 

Duchy of Lane., Royal Charter*, No. 48. 

Ric di gra Rex Angl Dux Norm Aquit Coin And " 
Justic Vicecofri Builliuis *j OinTb} fidelib} Suis Salt Nouitis 
no8 suscepisse I manu custodisl 3 ptectone nostril domu 3 
monaehos de furneis *j Omes possessones *j pastas suas ~j 
Oinia ad domu illam ptinentia * Et ido uofc mandam 9 3 
finiii't jVcipim 9 qd domu ipam *j omes monaehos 3 Res *j 
Possessones *j Pastas suas manuteneatis custodiatis "j ptegatis 
nftam eis niolestia iuiuriam aut [gr]auamen inferentes ut 
inferri pinittentes ' Si <\ l s au eis niolestia intulerit aut 
grauainen sine dilatone ittd eis faciatis eiuendari * Test Me 
ipo Apd Longu Cainpu x. die Sepf. 



Seal wanting. 



NOTES. 



This charter of protection is printed here, because it does not appear in 
the Furneas Coucher. The date is uncertain, but probably between 1194 
and 1 199. It passed at Longchanip, in Normandy. 



THE LANCASHIRE CHARTULARY. 317 



SERIES IV. CHARTER No. VII. 
a.d. 1155. 1 Henry II. 

Confirmation by Henry II to the monk? of Furness of Count 
Stephen's crant of F dene 38, and Michael lb Fleming's grant of 

FOUDBOOTLB, CRIYELTON, AND ROOSB. 

Duchy of Lane, Royal Charters, No. 32. 

Hemic 9 Rex Angt • 3 Dux Norm 3 Aquit • 3 Com 
And * Archiepis * Epis * AHS * Com • Bar • Justic • 
Uicec • Ministris j fidelib) :' suis toci 9 Angt J sat • Sciatis 
me concessisse *j confirmasse Al5fctj 3 Monachis de furnesio 
In ppetua Elemosina * donu qd comes Stephan 9 eis fecit sic 
carta Henrici regis aui mej testatur • scit totam forestam 
suam de fuRnesio . 3 Wageneia cu ofhi uenatione q in eis 
e? • Et daltona * Et totu dominiu suii infra furnesia * Cu 
hoib) "3 oib3 alijs ei ptinentib) In bosco 3 piano * In 
terra *j aq ! s * 3 Olueston • "3 Rogium Bristoald cu suis • "3 
piscaria sua de lancastra • "3 Warin paruu cu terra 3 
hoib) 3 oib3 reb3 suis * 3 q'cq'd infra fuRnesiu cotinef 
pre? Eram Michael flafhgj • Prefea Concedo eis 3 In ele- 
mosina Confirmo q ! cq ! d eis ronabili? datu e? • sic carte "3 
Cirograptl donato^ eis legali't testanf • Ex dono Michael 
flafngi * foRdebotle * Et Criueltona * 3 Ros • q a s habent 
In Escambio de eode Michaele p BeRdeseia • Quare volo 
•3 firmi? pcipio qd Teneant Ita bene 3 In pace 3 libe "3 

quiete 3 honorifice "3 plene cu socha "3 sacha -3 Toll *j 
Team "3 In fangeneTheof • 3 cu oib3 alijs libtatib) 3 libis 

con&uetud "3 q'etantijs suis * sic umq* ineli 9 "3 libius 3 

quieti 9 tenuerunt tpte Henrici regis aui mei • Et sic 

carta sua testat * T * Com Rog • 3 R • CoM Legrec • 

•3 Warin filiu Ger Cam * 3 Man Biset Dap Apd Noting. 

Endorsed — Confirmacio . Henricj Regis. 

.X. 
d* f undo 
JunioRis. 

Two pieces of the King's seal of red brown wax attached to a 
silken cord. 



318 THE LANCASHIRE CUARTULARY. 



NOTES. 

This confirmation is similar to that which the monks obtained from 
William de Warren, Count of Boulogne (Charter No. IV). It passed at 
Nottingham and has been erroneously attributed by Eyton to a date circa 
January, 1158. As, however, the first witness is Roger, Earl of Hereford, 
who rt signed his Earldom and Castles to the King in the Spring of 1155, 
and very soon after took the religious habit, the correct date appears to be 
during the Summer of 1155. The other witnesses were Robert, Earl of 
Leicester, Warine fitz Ceroid, the Chamberlain, and Manasser Biset, one of 
the Royal Stewards. 



SEEIES V. CHARTEE No. I. 
a.d. 1096-1122. 9 William 11—22 Henry I. 

Agreement between Maurice, Abbot of Evesham, and four brethren of 
iiowick, touching their title in howick, which they released to 
the Abbot. 

Eccsham Chartulary, Harl MS. 3763, fol. 90b. 

Dominus Abbas M[auricius] Omnisque congregatio Eues- 
hamii talem conuentioncm cuni hiis quatuor fratribus Wlgeato, 
Sweino, Kadulfo, Liulfo, de terra quae Hokevvike dicitur, fecerunt, 
scilicet, quod dominus Abbas dedit supradictis quatuor fratribus 
xxviij. solidos, ea conuentione ut clament quietam oninem calump- 
niam quam habuerunt super illam terram semper et imper- 
petuum. Liulfus uer6 uuus ex illis devenit [homo] proprius 
domini Abbatis ca conuentione, ut teneat de illo unam partem 
ipsius terne, et per singulos annos in natiuitate sanctae Maria* 
centum sahnones bonos pro ipsa terra reddat. Hii uer6 sunt 
testes huius conuentionis, Dominus Abbas, Prior, Petrus, Bene- 
dictus, Aluredus Laicus. 

NOTES. 

Roger the Poictevin gave the township of Howick, near Preston, to the 
Abbey of Evesham, between the years 1088-1102. Unfortunately the deed 
of gift does not appear to have been preserved by the monks of that house, 
the grant being recorded in the Chartulary {Harl. MS. 3763, fol. 58) merely 
in these words — " Rogerus Pictaviensis dedit Hocwike." 

In the aliove charter, Abbot Maurice (1096-1122) obtained from the 
four brothers Wolfgeat, Swain, Ralph, and Liulph, a quit-claim of all their 
right in Howick for the sum of 26*. Liulph, however, became tenant of the 
Abbey, under this agreement, of a certain portion of the township, upon the 



THE LANCASHIRE CHARTUIARY. ' 319 

condition that he should render yearly for that land upon the Nativity of 
the Blessed Virgin [September 8th] one hundred good salmon, which wero 
presumably to be cured. From a final concord made in the 4 John, it 
appears that the land which the descendants of Liulph then held in Howick 
of the Abbot of Evesham was one teamland (Final Concords, Lane, 4 John, 
No. 20). This teamland, and another in Penworthain, correspond with the 
area given in the Domesday Survey. 



SERIES V.. CHARTER No. II. 
a.d. 1149. 14 Stephen. 

' Confirmation by Ranulf, Easl of Chbstbb, to the monks of Evesham of 
Howick, which they had held in the time of Count Roger the 
Poictevin, and Ranulf, the Earl's father. 

Evesham Chartulary, Brit Mus. } Vesp. B. xxiv, fol. 75b. 

Rannulpbus Consul Cestriae, Constabulario, Dapifero, Baroni- 
bus, Justiciariis, Vicecomitibus, Ministris et Bailliuis quicunque 
fuerint inter Ribbam et Mersam, et Omnibus hominibus suis 
Francis et Anglis salutem. Sciatis ine concessisse Deo et Sancte 
Mariae et Monachis de Eueshani, elemosinam suam de Hocwiea 
ita bene et libera, et quietfe et honorific^, sieut melius tenuerunt 
tempore Comitis Rogeri Pictauensis, et tempore Rannulphi 
Comitis patris mei, Et sicut decet elemosinam habere Sanctae 
ecclesiie. Ita quod nullus super Monachos pra3dictos se intro- 
mittat de prsedicta elemosina, nee de operationibus, nee de aliis 
exactionibus, nee de occasione aliqua aliquis eos vel eorum elemo- 
sinam super timorem Dei et super nieum forisfactum inquietet, 
Set honorific^ teneant in terris et deciinis, et pasturis, et in bosco 
et in piano, et in aquis et Molendinis, et Piscariis, et in omnibus 
aliis locis. Testibus — Eustachio Constabulario Cestrise, et Hugone 
Ostucarius (sic), et Serlone venatore, et Ricardo Buissel, et Ricardo 
Pincerna, apud Mclas Warini. 

NOTES. 

By this Charter Ranulf de Gernous confirmed to the monks of St. Mary 
of Evesham their estate of Howick, to hold in frankalmoign as well and 
peaceably as in the time of Count Koger the Poictevin, and in the time of the 
grautor's father, Ranulf de Meschines. This latter expression was merely 
dictated by vanity, and must not be taken to mean that the Earl actually 
considered that his father, Ranulf I, had ever had any claim in any portion 
of Lancashire ; for it is most certain that he never held any interest in 



320 THE LANCASHIKE CHAKTULAKY. 

either the county or honor, nor ever made so preposterous a claim, seeing 
that King Stephen's title to that honor was unimpeachable. 

The Earl further forbad any man to intermeddle with the monks in the 
possession of their estate, nor to harass them with demands for customary 
operations or other exactions, as he should stand in fear of God, or of forfeiture 
to the Earl. The witnesses were — Eustace fitz J ohn, jure uxoris Constable of 
Chester ; Hugh, the Hawker ; Serlo, the Hunter ; Richard Bussel, afterwards 
Baron of Peiiwortham ; and Richard le Boteler, afterwards Baron of Warring- 
ton. The charter passed at Warine's Meols (that is Ravens -meols), a name 
acquired from Warine the Falconer, sometimes called Warine de Lancaster, 
who held this township by serjeanty, and to distinguish it from the neigh- 
bouring Argar-meols, and North-meols. Possibly the Earl was visiting 
that portion of the county in search of sport, Ravens-meols being under the 
jurisdiction of the forest. The date is probably during the year 1149, either 
before or after the Earl's journey to Carlisle to meet David, King of Scot- 
land, and devise further treason against King Stephen. (See Series II, Ch. 
No. II.) 



SERIES V. CHARTER No. III. 
a.d. circa 1140-1149. 14 Stephen. 

Confirmation by Warine Bussel to Robert, Abbot of Evesham, of the 
churches of Pen wort n am, Leyland, and Northmeols, and tub towx 
of Farrington, together with the grant in frankalmoign of a 
teamland and a half in Martin. 

Evesham Chart ulary, Karl MS. 3763, fol 89. 

Hjvc est conuentio quain Warinus I tassel euui consensu uxoris 
sua* et liberoriim coram domino Roberto Abbate et omni conuentu 
de Euesham in pleno capitulo fecit. Hoc est, quod conueiitiones 
primas concedit et firmat, scilicet dationem legitime concessam 
de ecclesia de Penuertham, et de Leilande, et de Moles, cum rebus 
et beneficiis ad eas pertinentibus et concessis, et de tota uilla dc 
Farinton ; et insuper, pro salute allium*, sua; et pro animabus 
uxoris filiorumque eius et pro amore Domini Roberti Abbatis 
totiusque conuentus, concedit ad incrementum carucatam et 
dimidiam in uilla qiue Meretun dicitur, cum medietatc omnis 
substantias quam Warinus ibi possidet, scilicet, iiij 0T uaccas et 
iiij or bones et lx. oues, et alterum manipulum, et corpus suum 
post mortem cum parte sua ; ea conuentione, ut tres fratres cum 
uno capellano inibi Deo seruiant, et primo anno x. solidos et 
sequentibus annis semper ij. Marcas argenti in caritatem 
Domino Abbati et fratribus suis tribuant, qui pro amore 
Warinum filiuni ipsius si uelit ad monachatum recipiant. Hanc 



THE LANCASHIRE CHARTULARY. 321 

conuentionem dorainus Warinus ita confirmauit et earn super 
altare posuit, solam et qnietam ab omni exactione et inquietudine, 
quantum ad se et ad liberos suos pertinet. Ex parte Abbatis, 
Eanulfus clericus, Constaiitinus carnerarius Abbatis, et Bernardus 
cocus. Ex parte Warini, Walterus, miles suus et nepos eius filius 
Acardi, Willelmus. 

NOTES. 

The date of this charter has been variously and erroneously given by 
different authorities as of the reign of William the Conqueror, or of William 
Rufus. Some writers who ought to have known better, have declared the 
belief that Warine Bussel was the son of Roger de Busli, the Domesday 
tenant in chief, whose only son died (naturally or- otherwise) two years 
after his father, circa 1100-1102, as a ward of Robert de Belesme. A date 
between 1086 and 1096 has been assigned on the ground that it was 
perfected before Abbot Bobert, who presided over the monastery during 
that period ; but a mistake has most certainly been made either in the 
name of the Abbot, before whoni the above agreement was made, or in the 
omission of an Abbot Bobert during the reign of Stephen. That the latter 
hypothesis may be correct is evident from the fact that Maurice, who 
succeeded Abbot Bobert in 1096, and ruled the monastery until his deatli in 
1122, is said to have been succeeded by Begiuald, whereas an entry in the 
Register ( Vesp. B. xxiv., fol. 27) refers to the year 1130 as the first year of 
the hitter's abbacy.' This would suggest a date between 1122 and 1130. 
I am, however, disposed to believe that the name " Bobert" has been 
given by the compiler of the Chartuhiry in mistake for "Reginald/' 
possibly by the erroneous extension of the initial " B," as it was by no 
means an uncommon practice to write only the initial letter of an Abbot's 
name. 

In support of the statement that the date hitherto attributed to 
Warine's grant is incompatible with the facts, it is to be noted that in his 
charter, Warine refers to his son " Warine," and also to " his children." 
Now it is certain that he had at least three other sons, viz., Richard, Albert, 
and Geoffrey, and the Testa de Sevill names six daughters. Of the sons, 
both Albert and Geoffrev survived until the time when the Honor of Lan- 
caster was in the hands of Count John of Mortain (1189-1194), during 
which period Geoffrey was a suitor in the County Court at Lancaster {Fine 
Boll, temp. John, p. 49) and Hugh, his brother, was fining for his relief 
after his father's death, as appeal's by an entry in the Pipe Roll of 6 Richard. 
"Hugo Buissel reddit compotum de xl marcis de fine Relevii sui, quam 
fecit cum Comite Johanne." Albert died in or yery shortly before the year 
1194, or surely some portion of the tine would have been collected by Count 
John's sheriff. It is obviously improbable that those who were living as 
late as 1189-1194, could have been described as children by the father, 
at a date much earlier than 1140. From entries in the Testa de Nevill 
(II, f. 816), and from No. IV of this Series, we see evidence that three of 
Warine's daughters were unmarried at his death, and afterwards at their 

Y 



IVl'l TIIK LANCASHIRE CHARTULARY. 

respective marriagen were endowed by their eldest brother Ricliard, wlio 
had succeeded t<» the Barony. Agjiin, when the monks of Evesham obtained 
from Rainlf GernoiiH a confirmation of their estate in Ilowick, and letters of 
protection, no mention whatever was made of IVnwortham Church or of 
any other estates as having been at that- time bestowed upon them. From 
this it might appear that. Warine's gifts were made at a subsequent date. 

Further evidence in support of a later date is the occurrence among the 
names of the witnesses of Cl Constantine, the Abbot's Chamberlain," who 
also ap]M*ai7t as a witness to the grant of Loynton, co. Staff, by Abbot 
Reginald to Ruliert Dunham (StaforMiirc Historical Collection*, Chartulary, 
Series T, No. III). It is known that he held five houses in Evesham of the 
Abbey. These are the grounds upon which it seems advisable to associate 
this document with the abbacy of Reginald, and to a date after the year 
1140. 

The agreement was, in fact, a confirmation by Warine Bussel, with the 
consent of his wife and children, of a former grant to the Ahl>ey, viz.— of 
the church of Pcnwortham, together with those of Ley Land and Northmeols 
and all their belongings and acquisitions ; and <>f the whole town of Fairing- 
ton. In addition to tho former gift hereby ton firmed, Warine bestowed 
upon the abb«y for the health of his soul, and the souls of his wife and 
children, one teamland and a half of land in the town called Martin, with 
the moiety of his stock there, viz. four cows, four oxen and three 9Core 
sheep. He also bequeathed a second maniple, and his body for burial, 
with his own third ]>art of his chattels, upon condition that three brethren 
and a chaplain should henceforth minister in the church of Penwortham, 
rendering the first year to the Abbot and monks of Evesham ten shillings in 
charity, and in subsequent yrars two marks of silver, and further that they 
should receive into the brotherhood his son Warine, if he wished to 
become a monk. In this manner Warino confirmed the covenant quit of all 
exaction and claim, so far as }>ertaiiiecl to him and his children, and laid it 
uj)on the altar. 

Tho witnesses on the part of the Abbot were — Ranulf, the clerk, 
Constantine, the Abbot's Cliamberlain, and Rernaiil the Cook. On the part 
of Warine — Walter, his knight, the said Walter's nephew, the son of Acard, 
and William. ApjKirently none of his own children were old enough to 
attend with him and attest the agreement. 



SERIES V. CHARTER No. IV. 
a.i>. 1153-1160. 18 Stepheh-6 Henry II. 

Confirmation by Richard Btssel to the Abbey of Evesham of his 
father's grants, with the addition of the church of Leyland, land 
in longton and pen worth am, the fourth fish of his fishery, and 

THE CnAVEL OF NoilTHMEOLS. 

From the original charter at Wcnbn. 

Nouerint p?sentes ~) posted qit Ego Ricanl 9 Busel cocedo 
*} scripto at^3 sigillo meo cjtirmo ccctie de Encsham ocra 



THE LANCASHIRE GHARTULAKY. '-523 

donatioem 3 lota elemosina qua fecit pat meus Warinus 
p?dicte ecctio uidefy eccfam A penevverha cum decimis ~j 
omib3 ptinentiis suis • 3 Farintuna cu omib 9 ptiucntiis suis ' 
"] 1 Longetuna duas bouatas terre ~j de eccta de Leilandia 
tres solidos -j duas ptes decime de domiuio * I de capella 
de Moeles duos solidos * I duas ptes decime de dnio de 
Frecheltuna ■} Wartuna • Piscationcl uni 9 retis liberam 3 
quietam 3 tota decimfi coredij domus sue * 1 qd abbas habeat 
curia sua I pnewerbam I omib) ta liberam sicut pa? ms 
Warn 9 babuit suam • ut ego mea • Hec st donationes (]*s ego 
p 9 ea donaui * uidety ecctam de Leilanda cu omib3 ptinentiis 
suis • de tota piscatione mea • inpp m e ■ piscatura duoru retiii 
•3 quartu pisce • In longetuna q a tuor bouatas tre * I peneuerbii 
una bouata * Capella de Modes cu ofriib 9 ptinetiis suis * Has 
pdictas donationes . q*s pat fhs Warm 9 pdicte eccte de Eueslia 
9tulit 3 q*s ego p 9 ea 9tuli^ ego Uicard 9 Busel (jcedo 3 psenti 
scripto atq3 sigillo gfirmo • ut eccta de Eueslia possideat ' ~\ 
pacifice teneat liberas 3 q ! etas 3 ab omi seculari exactione 
solutas * in pratis • 1 pascuis • 1 aquis • I stagnis • I sablonib3 * 
I piscariis * 1 bosco • I piano • I punnagio * -j in ofhib 9 liber- 
tatib3 3 liberis 9suetudinil>3 • I piuam 3 ppetua elemosina p 
salute mea 3 heredu meorii 3 p ai'a pat's mei -j antecessor 
meoa • Hiis testib3 • Wittmo f?sbito de prestuna • Lidulfo A 
Crostuna • Eafwardo psbiPo A Langetuna * Gaufrido • Osberno * 
Kadulfo * capellanis • Eodbto diacono • Osbno filio Eadmundi * 
Orm filio Magni • Warino filio ei * Suein child * Witto filio 
Alani * Vhtdredo • filio Suein • Arturo A Astuna . Suein A 
penuha • "j ada fre ej 9 3 Sibilla * 3 Matilde Sororib 9 Meis • 
3 Mitis aliis. 

Seal missing. 

NOTES. 

Richard Bussel herein confirms to the church of Evesham the grant in 
frankalmoign made by his father Warine, viz., the church of Penwortham 
with tithes, Farrington, i.e., the township with appurtenances, two oxgangs of 
land in Longton, 3*. yearly from the church of Leyland, two-thirds of the 
tithe of his demesne there, 2s. yearly from the chapel of Northmeol«, two- 
thirds of the tithe of his demesne in Freckleton and Warton, the free right 
of fishing in the Kibble with one net, and tithe of the corody of his mansion, 
t.&, of the provisions assigned to the use of his castle or mansion at 
Penwortham. 

Tn addition to his father's grants, Richard. Bussel granted to the Abbot a 

Y 2 



:>24 TIIK LANCASHIRE CIIARTULARY. 

free court at lYnwortham, in ail respects as freely as his father Warine held 
his court, or he himself then held his ; and he bestowed upon the abbey these 
further gifts,— the church of Ijeyland, the fourth fish from his fishery, which 
was to be always fished with two nets, four oxgangs of land in Longton, one 
oxgang in I'eiiwnrthum, and tlie ehaj>cl of Northmcols. 

During his father's time, the abbey had only received jxmsions from the 
church of Leyland, and from tin* chapel of Northmeols ; he now gives the 
whole of these churches with their appurtenances. The abbey no longer held 
the earucate and a half of laud in Martin. Instead of that land, the monks 
had received two oxgangs in Longton, two-thirds of the tithes of the 
demesne in Wart on and Freckleton, which manors had not yet been wholly 
granted out, and certain tishing rights. This compensation, if we may call 
it so, had been made by Richard Uussel, after his father's death, and after 
the year 1153. 

The witnesses were numerous, and as many of them held estates in 
Lancashire, and their names occur but seldom, owing to the scarcity of Lanca- 
shire charters of the 12th century, some attempt will l>e made to identify 
them. 

William; priest of the church of Preston, the advowson of which was at 
this time vested in the Crown. 

Lu'lpii, priest of the church of Croston, which had been given by Roger 
the Poicteviu to St. Martin of Sees (Series II, No. 1). He was the incum- 
bent under the Prior of Ijiucaster, who exercised the rights of patronage. 

Eakwakd or Award, priest of the chapel of Tjongton. 

(iKoffrky, OsiiEiix, and Ralph, chaplains in the church of Penworthatn. 
Tt was a condition of Warine 1 tassel's grants to Evesham, that the abbey 
should maintain three canons and a chaplain in that church (see No. II). It 
had not yet been constituted a Priory under Evesham. That advancement 
was set. *u red by the Hull of Tope Alexander III, dated at the Late ran, 3rd of 
the nones of Manh, between the years 1159-1181. 

KoitKiiT, the Dean, probably of Kirk ham. 

Osiutiix, son of Edmund, has not been identified. In the Pipe Roll of 
31 Henry I, (Jxbcrt,R<m of Edmund and his brother rehired, son of Edmund, 
]>aid a line with other thanes of Count Stephen of M'ortain, holding lands 
between Kibble and Mersey, for a concord with the said Count. It is, how- 
ever, hardly probable that this person is the witness named above. 

Okm, son of Mauni's 1 is thus referred to in the Tiwta de AVnY/, II, f. 818. 
' ITervey, father of llervey Walter, gave to Orm, son of Magnus in marriage 
with his daughter Ali/., or Alice, four carueates of land in liawcliffe, Thistle- 
ton and (.irceiihalgh." In the year 12-12, John de Thornhill held 2 car. in 
Middle Rawcli tie. of Theobald lc Uotelcr by the service of one-twelfth part 
of a knight's fee ; Roger de Notesargh and William de Kirkham held 1 car. 

1 Ormcrod soys in his Parentalia, p. GG, " Ornic fitz Ail ward, supposed to hare 
l>OH<es.'0d Onnskirk by descent from Onnus Magnus uud his wife Aliz, sister of 
llervcus Walter,'' etc. This statement id very wide of the murk. Orm son of 
Ail ward was ancestor of the Asshetomi of Athton-uiuler-Lyne, and had nothing to 
do with Ormskirk, which belonged to the Lathoms as a mombcr of the manor of 
Lit thorn. 



THE LANCASHIRE CHARTULARY. 825 

in Thistleton ; and Adam de Bradkirk and others held 1 car. in Greenhalgh 
by the service of one-twelfth part of a knight's fee, which latter had been 
held before that date by Warine de Corney. As these estates were thus held 
in 1242 directly of the Butlers of Ireland, it is probable that Warine, son of 
Orm, son of Magnus, died without heir. 

Of Swain Child nothing is known. 

William, son op Alan, held 4£ team lands in Gunolfsmoors, i.e., in 
Ollerton, Wheel ton, Hoghton, Withnell, Stan worth and Roddlesworth, and 
Whittle-in- the- Wood, of the barony of Penwortham, by the feoffment of 
Richard Bussel to Alan, son of Swain, father of the said William, as it is 
recorded in the Testa de NevilL II, fol. 816, in these words : — " Kicardus 
Bussel dedit Alano filio Swani in maritagio cum sorore sua iiij carucatas terra* 
et dimidiam in Gunnolvesmores." His descendants afterwards released 
their interest in these estates to Adam de Hoghton. (Dodsworth's MS. 
GXLII, ff. 17b., 19b., 21). 

Ughtrkd, son of Swaix, has not been identified. 

Arthur de Ashton held one carucate of land in Ash ton, Tulketh, and 
Ingol, near Preston, an escheated estate of William Peverel's, which John, 
Count of Mortain, regranted and confirmed to the said Arthur, between the 
years 1189 and 1194. 

Swain de Penwortham and Adam his brother were probably of Freckle- 
ton, where Richard, son of .Roger de Freckleton (then under age), held a 
knight's fee in 1212. 

SiBiLtiA and Matilda, sib ters of Kichard Bussel, were probably unmarried 
at the date of this charter. They were most likely the two sisters who were 
afterwards married by their brother to Kobert Hikeling and Bichard Spileman. 
(Testa de Neuill, H., fol. 816). 



SEKIES V. CHARTEIt No. V. 
A.D. circa 1153-1160. 18 Stephen— 6 Henky II. 

Grant by Richard Bussel to the Abbey op Evesham of the cnrBCii op 

Leyland and its appurtenances. 

From the orvjinal charter at Wirden. 

Kicardus bussel uni versis fidelibus salutem. Noverit uuiversitas 
vestra quod ego consilio et assensu atque bona voluntate fratruin 
meorum Alberti et Galfridi concessi et donavi ecelesiam de 
Lailanda cum omnibus appenditiis suis in perpetuain elemosinam 
pro salute animarum nostrarum ecclesite de Evesham et monachis 
in eadem Deo servientibus, ut ipsi eandein ecelesiam teneant et 
liberam et quietam absque omni calumpnia et reclamatione 
possideant. Hujus donationis isti sunt testes, Willelmus presbiter 
de Prestona, Lidulfus presbiter de Crostona, Auewardus presbiter 



.°,2G THE LANCASHIRE CI1ARTULARY. 

do Langetona, (iaufridus, Uadulfus, Osbernus capellani, Rodbertus 
diaeonus, Osbernus iilius Eadnnmdi, Ormus Alius Magni, 
Warinus Iilius ejus, Suein Child, Willelnms Iilius Alani, 
Uchtredus iilius Suein, Ormus filius Suein, Arturus de Astuna, 
Suein de lVnuonlliain, el Adam frater ejus, Sibilla et Matildis 
sorores liicardi Russel, et multis aliis. 



NOTES. 

Richard Mussel's tfrant of the church of Ley land to the monks of 
Kvi>*haiii, was evidently perfectcil at tin* same time as the previous charter, 
as the same indi\ ideals witnessed both deeds. All important detail 
recorded in tins charter, is the consent and approval of the two brothel's, 
Albert unci (Jcoll'ivy, to the #ift of their elder brother Richard, clearly 
pointing to the fact tli.it he had no heirs of his own body. 



SElilKS VI. CHARTER No. I. 
a. i >. 1 142. 7 Stephen'. 

(Ill ANT II Y RaNTLF, K.VUL OF ClIKBTBH, TO THE MONKS OF LK.VTON OF 
Kf.USALL, AS A PL ICE l'OU T1IK WORSHIP OK GOD. 

Jirit. J///s. f Cvh MS. IV. LIX. y /i. 188. 

liaimlfus Consul Cestria* cpiscopo Cestria*, archidiaconis 
et omnibus ordinatis Dei, et eonstabulario Cestne, dapiferis 
b[aronibus], justiciariis, viceeomitibus, ministris et ballivis, et 
omnibus hominibus suis, clericis et la ids, Frauds et Anglis, 
salutem. Sciatis me concessisse et dedisse Deo et Scincfce Marue 
et limiiaehi* sancta* Trinitatis de Lenton in eleniosinam Kere- 
slialam, locum ad servieiuiu Dei edilieandum, et pasturain, et (id 
se dilatauduin de essartis, et piscariis, et de rebus illis omnibus 
fluibiisiMiiuiue se dilatari et aisiari poterint. Quaro volo et 
firmiter praripio ipiod pra'dicti nionachi bene et honorific^ 
])radictam eleniosinam sohitam et (juietam et liberam de omni 
seculari servicio habeant, ne alhjuis nieorum suj)er timorciu Dei, 
et nieum amoreiii teniere porturbet. Testibus Mathilda eomitissa 
(Vstria.\ et Ivadwaladr rege Waliarum, et Willelmo filio Alani, et 
Symone Corbet, et Roberto dapifero, Rieardo pincerna, et Henrico 
Puhivll et Willelmo eapelhmo, a]»ud Cestrinm. 



THE LANCASHIRE CHAKTULARY. 327 



NOTES. 

This is the earliest charter which has been found relating to the gift of 
the hamlet of Kersall to the Abbey of Lenton. There has been some 
uncertainty as to whether King Stephen or Earl Kanulf was the domr, but 
as this charter is certainly a deed of gift in frankalmoign and not a Con- 
firmation, the latter supposition appears to be the more probable of the two. 
The gift was made with the object of establishing a place for the worship of 
God, and included the right of pasturage in Broughton belonging to this 
hamlet. The Earl also granted to the monks the liberty of enlarging their 
property by making riddings (assarts) in the wastes, and fisheries in the 
Irwell, or by any other means whereby their estate might be amplified and 
benefitted. Broughton was a member of the demesne of the Honor, 
consequently Kersall with its villeins passed directly into the hands of the 
monks of Lenton, who even at the time of the Dissolution had a considerable 
demesne here. 

The date of this charter clearly corresponds with that of Series I, 
Nos. VII and VIII, all of which Cadwalladr attested as " King of Wales," a 
title explained in the notes to those charters. Maud, Countess of Chester 
was a daughter of Robert, Earl of Gloucester ; Fitz Alan and Corbet have 
been noticed ; .Robert the Dapifer or Seneschal occurs as early as circa 1120 
in a Bassett charter preserved in Staffordshire Historical Collections, 
Vol. Ill, p. 187 ; Richard le Boteler afterwards succeeded to the Barony of 
Warrington ; Henry Purcel, a retainer of Eari Ranulfs ; William the 
chaplain, who probably wrote the charter. 

Among the various benefactors to the Abbey of Lenton we notice — Hugli 
Buron, and his son Hugh Meschine, who gave a moiety of the church of 
Cotgrave, co. Notts ; Richard Bussel, Baron of Penwortham, who gave the 
church of Broughton in co. Leicester, parcel of the Honor of Lancaster ; 
Matthew son of Matthew de Haversage, lord of Withington, who gave his 
manors of Holme and Duston, near Chesterfield. 1 



SEKIES VI. CHARTER No. II. 
A.D. 1174-1176. 20-22 Henry II. 

Confirmation by Uknby II to the monks of Lenton cf tub Hebmitage 

of Kebsall. 

Charter Roll, 10 Edward II. No. 50. 

Henricus Dei gratia rex Anglia*, ete., K[adulfo] filio Bernardi 
et omnibus ministris et forestariis nostris de "inter Kibbile et 
Merse," saluteni. Sciatis nos dedisse et concessisse et liac mea 

1 Monasticon, Vol. V, p. 112. 



.'^8 TIIK LANCASHIRE (-HAKTI7LAKV. 

carta confirmasse monachis do I^entoii pro salute niea et hajredum 
nieoruin, et pro aninia ropis Ilonrici avi nici et antecessorum 
mcorum herinita^ium do Kershala cum omnibus pertinentiis silis 
in liberam piiram et perpetuam eleinosinain. Quare volo, etc., 
Teste ttartholoiiKco Exoiiensi episeopo, apud Porcestre. 

NOTES. 



The date «>f Henry Us confirmation is approximately fixed by the 
lnoality at which it was expedited. The king was at Porcheater about 
July August, 117 1, immediately before his embarkation for Normandy, 
wheiv he spent the following nine months. He was probably there again 
in the Spring of 1176. Jialph lit/. Bernard commenced his Shrievalty of 
Ijiiiieaster about Easter, 1171, ami continued in office for eleven yeaiw. The 
date U pnihably 1 171-1 17b', as there is no evidence that the King visited 
I\»rchej4er again. 

King John refei's to this confirmation in his charter confirming the 
Hermitage of Kcrshal to the Monks of Lenton, which bears date the 
2nd April, 1200. The following is a translation of the latter charter so far 
as it relates to Kerwill. "John, by the grace of God, King of England 
&e. . . . We also grant and by this ear charter confirm to the same 
iiionk> of Lenton for our own and our heir.*' welfare, and for the souls of 
Kinir Henry our father, and King Henry our grandfather and our ancestors, 
the Hermitage of Kcrshal with all its appurtenances in free, pure, and 
perpetual alms. Wherefore we will, and firmly command that our .said 
monks shall hold the said hermitage freely and quietly, in peace and 
honourably, as Hugh de Uurun their monk freely and quietly held it"' 



SKI5IKS VI. CHA11TEU No. III. 
A.i). 1 190-1 21 l\ 1 Kichakd 1—14 John. 

TjiSfl'AMF.NTAKY GRANT IN" FK ANK AI.MOIU V BY MaTTJIKW >OX OF KdITII, TO TUB 

C'LVNIAC MoNKS OF KEUaALL, of land in Audknsuaw, in tub faiusu o* 

A 6 ll'l'U >' - U M> K it • Ly N K. 

Bhiclc B»ok of Sir Joint Byron, Knt. A.D. 1(305. No. 146. 

Sciant tam pia-sentes tjiiam futuri quod ego Mattlueus filius 
Kdidc, pro animabus patris et mat-ris niea? et antecessorum 
lneoruin, et pro salute propria* aiiinue mea- neeiioii cspousa? lueu*, 
dedi et cuiiressi et hae pra.'Senti carta niea conlirmavi deo et 
ordini (Jluniascnsi et donnii et monachis tie KcrsUill, quamdum 



i ••» 



(barter Itoll, 1 .John, Pt. 2, m. 3. 



THE LANCASHIRE CHAKTULAUY. 329 

portionem terra [mea?.] in Aldenshade, infra has di visas, scilicet, a 
sica qiue cadit inter assartum Willelmi filii Gamell et Ketlescroft, 1 
ascendendo usque ad mossam et de niossa extransverso usque ad 
Mykeldiche et de Mykelldiche ascendendo usque ad mossam et 
de mossa extransverso usque ad Osueluslache, et de Osueluslache 
descendendo usque ad Greenebroc, et de Greenebroc descendendo 
usque ad sicam qua) cadit inter assartum Willelmi filii Gamell in 
Cetellescroft ; in puram et perpetuam elemosinam, salutam et 
quietam de me et haredibus meis ab omni sieculari servitio, cum 
omnibus pertinentiis et libertatibus et aisiamentis eidem teme 
pertinentibus, in bosco, in piano, in pratis, in pasturis, in viis et 
semitis, in acquis et stagnis et molendinis, in vivariis et piscariis 
et omnibus liberis consuetudinibus, et cum libera comnnuia vilhe 
de Aldenesavve ; Tenendam libere, quiete, integre et honorific^ 
imperpetuum. Et ego et hajredes mei pnedicta; domui pruedictam 
terrain contra omnes homines warantizabimus. Et ut ha*c donatio 
mea debitie firmitatis robur obtineat : earn sigilli mei appositione 
corroboravi. * Hiis testibus, Kogero de Midleton, Alexandro de 
Pilkynton, Roberto de Burun, Elia de Penulbery, Henrico de 
Chetham, Radulfo de Moston, et multis aliis. 

NOTES. 

This is a grant of land in Audenshaw, in the pariah of Ashton-under- 
Lyne by one Matthew son of Edith to the monks of Kersall, within bounds 
described as follows — " From the syke which runs down between the ridding 
of William son of Gamel and Chetel's Croft, going up the same to the moss, 
from thence across to the mickle ditch, from thence going up to the moss and 
from the moss across to Osuel's leach, from thence descending to Green brook 
and from Green brook descending to the syke which runs down between the 
ridding of William son of Ganiel and Chetel's croft." None of these 
boundaries can be identified to-day, and therefore the locality of the land 
cannot be ascertained. The witnesses were Roger de Middleton, lord of 
Middleton ; Alexander de Pilkington, lord of the same ; Robert de Byron, 
lord of Clayton ; Ellis de Pendlebury, lord of the same ; Henry de Chetham, 
lord of the same ; and Ralph de Moston. 

The date lies between 1190 and 1212. 

1 In another MS. (Towneley's MS. " By.'\ No. 80, S.D.), " Infia has divisas, 
scilicet a iica qua; cadit inter assartum Willelmi filii Gamel et Ketellescroft, ascen- 
dendo illain sicam usque Aldwynshay, ct deinde ascendendo usquo ad magnum 
fossatum, et deinde extransverso usque ad niQSsam, ct deindo descendendo usquo 
ad Gorebroke, et sic descendendo in Ecntelee, et sic descendendo in Ketilbrokc." 
Which is thus translated — "The devisez of Willm dede Hopsan (sic) beginning 
at the sich y ! is betweene the land of Gamell and Cetilliscroft, goeing up after 
the ditch to Aldwynshawe, and fro Aldwjnshawe into the Mikell ditch, and fro 
the Mikell ditch into y' mosse, and fro j e mosse into Cetill [broke]." 



330 THE LANCASHIRE CJIAUTULAUY. 

SE1UES VI. CHARTER No. IV. 
a.d. 1190-1212. 1 HiciiAitn 1—14 John. 

Grant in frankalmoign Br Albin dk Alt to St. Leonard and thb 
monks of kbbsalt., of the moiety of paijdenlegh, in thb pabi8h ob 
Ashton-vicdeb-Lynb. 

Black Book of Sir John Byron, Knt. a.d. 1605. No. 147. 

Noverint nniversi per prasentes c*t futuri <piod ego Albanus do 
Alt pro salute aiiima.' meje et pro animal his patris et matris niece 
necnmi et omnium pra'deeessorum nieorum, dedi et concessi et hac 
pra'senti carta mea contirinavi deo et beato Leonardo de Kersall, 
et mt niacins ibidem deo ministrantibus, totam medietatem de 
Paldenlegb, in puram et perpetuam eleiiiosinam ; Haliendam et 
Tenendum libere, <piiete, integre et honorifice, in Imjsco, in piano, 
in prat is, in pasturis et in omnibus libertatibus et aisiamentis ad 
eandem terrain pertinentibus, solutam et quiet-am ab omni 
sa-culari servitio et exactione. Hiis testibus, llogcro de Midleton 
Alexandro de Pilkynton, Willelmo de llatclive, et multis aliis. 



NOTES. 

Apparently this grant was made alnmt the frame time as the preceding 
one, as ltoger de Middlcton, who died in the hitter |>art of King John's 
reign, and Alexander de Pilkington attest both. Alt is a homestead in the 
Knott Lanes division of the jKirish of Ashton-under-Lyne, about 2 miles S.E. 
of the town of Oldham. The place called Palden-legh is now unknown. 



SEKIE8 VI. CHAKTER No. V. 
a.d. 1198-1210. 9 Uichaki) 1—12 John. 

Composition between Albekt de Nevill, Rector of Manchester, and the 
1'uiou and Convent of Lenton, touch ino tub burial ground or 

KEUriALL, AND TITHES THERE. 

Bhick hook of Mr John Byron, Knt. A.D. J CCS. No. 149. 

Omnibus San eta. 1 - matris ecclcsia* filiis ad quos pra«ens 
scriptum pervenerit, E[ustaebius] divina miseratione Eliensis 
Kpiscnpus, et W[illelmus] Trior de Barncwvll, et lticardus Elieu- 
sis Areliidiaconus, salutem. Ad universitatis vestraj volumus per- 
v nire notitiam causani qua* vertebatur coram nobis auctoritate 



THE LANCASHIRE G1IAHTULARV. 331 

Innocentii papte iij tH Inter A[lbertum] de Nevill, Eectorem 
eccleshe de Mamcestre et Priorem et monachos de Lenton super 
cemiterio de Kersale et ejusdem loci deeimis, in hunc modum 
amicabiliter conciuievisse, videlicet quod Trior et Conventus de 
Lenton pnestabunt anuuatim pro bono pacis ceiniterii niatricis 
ecclesiaj de Mamcestre duos ceres unius libri cene et dimidii 
die As8umptionis beatie Marue. Idem etiam Prior et Conventus 
promiserunt in verbo domini quod nullum ex parochianis niatricis 
ecelesia* de Mamcestre admittent ad aliqua ecclesiastica sacra - 
meiita; Ad oblatiouem si quid et sepulturain nullum admittent 
ex parochianis dictiu ecelesiie nisi salva indempnitate ejusdem 
eccleshe. Prior etiam sive alius qui apud Kersale pro loco 
custodiendo pro tempore fuerit etiam promittent in verbo domini 
[omne jus] matricis ecclesias se observaturum. Si autem contra 
banc coinpositionem Idem Prior aut nionacbi venire pra> 
8umpserint pro cmalibet super hoc transgressione dabunt Prior et 
Conventus de Lenton prope niatricis eccleshe duos solidos. Pro 
decimis ver6 illius loci retinendis domini terrain illam propriis 
compartibus excolunt, dabunt Prior et monachi matrici ecclesiaj 
de Mamcestre annuatiin duos solidos ad natale [domini]. Ut 
autem hiec compositio rata et inconcussa permaneat, earn 
pra*senti scripto et sigillorum nostrorum appositione duximus 
corroborandum. Hiis Testibus, Magistro lloberto de Eboraco, 1 
Magistro Johanne de Templo, Magistro Olivero, Magistro Henrico 
de Kent, Magistro Roberto de Bosco et multis aliis. 

NOTES. 

The date of this composition is ascertained by the fact that Eustace, 
who was Bishop of Ely from 10th August, 1197 (consecrated 8th March, 
1198), until 4th February, 1215, and Richard Barre, who was Archdeacon 
of Ely from 1191 until early in the reign of King John, were arbitrators 
in the dispute which had arisen between Albert de Nevill, Rector of 
Manchester, and the Prior and monks of Lenton, of whose house the 
hermitage of Kersall was a filiation. This dispute had arisen from the 
infringement of the rights of the mother church of Manchester by the 
monks of Kersall, in exercising the right of sepulture, and receiving 
oblations, and withdrawing tithes which rightly belonged to Manchester. 
The terms of the agreement were as follows :— The monks of Kersall 
undertook to make a yearly gift on the feast of the Assumption of two 
candles, each of 1$ lb. of wax, in return for a release of the right of 
sepulture of the mother church over the monks and their men, and they 

1 See Le Neve's Faiti t edit. Uaridy, Vol. I, p 328. 



ool> THE LANCASHIRE CHARTTLAKY. 

promised that they won 1. 1 not admit to ecclesiastical sacraments anj 
(h'irinhi"iit.-r <>f the mother church, imr aevept oblatkns frcm any parishioner, 
iji>r 'jr.* him Lurial without full v indemnify ir>" the mother church. 
Fiirtht-r they pmh>i.«ed t" respect all the rights of tie mother church, or 
tn | my -In. fur every trespass. For tithe retained from land which they had 
liroii;rht under cultivation by their own la1>ours they promised to pay yearly 
2*. at Christmas. 



SERIES VI. CHARTER No. VI. 
A.i>. 1240-1 L>:>9. 24-44 Hexry III. 

GRANT II V It liOT HE K lll'GII, PBIuK OF I.ENTON, TO RoBERT LE RotT:?. OF LAND 
IN A I DKNeHAW, Hi HuLT) BY THE YKAKLY SEll\ ICE OF HALF A MARE, TUB 
SAID KOHKKT DEVISING His BODY FuB BURIAL AT KkUHAI.L. AND BEQUEATUIKO 
A THIRD l'ART OP HIS GOODS TO THE MONKS TIIEKK. 

Iihuk IJiHik of A>ir John Ityrtm, Knt. A.b. 106 r ». Xo. 148. 

Cniversis Christ i lidelibus ad quus pnesens scriptum ]ier- 
vencrit, f rater Hugo huniilis Trior de Lenton et ejusdem loci 
Conventus ifteriiani in domino salutem. Noveritis nos dedisse, 
ruiicessissi! et bac prasenti carta nostra eonfirmasse Roberto 
Rufo quandam terrain in Aldenshagh, 1 illam videlicet qua; jocct 
infra divisas subscriptas, videlicet ab illo loco ulii Boukele brok* 
cadit in Gorbroke et .sic per Gorbroke sursum in Gordeneheued, 
et sic cxtransverso in mossain descendendo in Osseliacbc et sic 
per Osseliacbc descendendo iteruni in Gordbroke ; Tcneiidam et 
habendani dicto Roberto et haredibus suis vel suis assignatis, 
exceptis niagnatibus nobis niajoribus sen potcntioribus, viris 
religiosis et dudais, de nobis et successoribus nostris, libcrt, 
(juiete, bene et in pace, infra villam et extra, cum omnibus 
libeitatilais pertincntiis communis et aisianientis dicta* terra? 
pertincntibus, Reddendo hide annuatim monacbis nostris de 
Kersale ijni pro tempore ibi fucrint diniidiam inarcam argenti 
die Saint! Oswaldi regis. Et pnedictus vero Robertus tactis 
sacrosanctis juravit et lueredes sui jurabunt. quod fidelitatem 
servabunt doinui de Lenton et nionachis de Kersale tarn in 
solurione fimisi- quam in ceteris lnemoriis. Et etiani dictus 
Robertus concessit monacbis nostris de Kersale coipus suum 
ajmd Kersale sepeliendum. et cum corpore suo tertiam partem 

1 '* Aldwynshawo" in another MS. 
- " Uentlabroke," ibid. 



THE LANCASHIUK CHARTULARY. 333 

oniniuni bonorum suorura. Ut autem hrec nostra donatio 
perpeture firmitatis robur obtineat: earn prresenti scripto serial 
et sigilli nostri appositione duximus roborandum. Hiis testibus, 
domino Galfrido de Chethara, Ricardo de Trafford, Roberto de 
Biron, Roberto de Shoresworth, Willelnio de Heton, Radulfo de 
Ancoates, Hugone de Hasell[ham], Willelmo de Drilisden et 
pluribus aliis. 

NOTES. 

The date of this charter lies between 1240 and 1259, probably nearer 
the earlier date. As but few documents relating to Kersall are known to 
exist, it has been included in this collection notwithstanding the date. 
The land which Prior Hugh granted to Robert le Rous was evidently part 
of the tract in Audenshaw given to Lenton by Matthew son of Edith 
(No. III). The bounds are thus described: — "From the place where 
Bentley brook falls into Gorbrook, by Gorbrook up to Gordean-head and so 
across to the moss, from thence going down into Osel-leach, and by the 
same back to Gorbrook." Robert le Rous undertook not to assign this 
land to any great or powerful person, nor to religious men, nor Jews. His 
yearly service was half a mark, due upon the feast of St. Oswald the king, 
and he swore upon the sacred elements to observe fealty to the house of 
Lenton and monks of Kersall, as regards this yearly form, and in other 
matters. "Which ceremony his heirs were likewise to observe after him. 
Further he gave his body to the monks of Kersall for burial there, 
and a third part of his goods at his death, notwithstanding the rights 
of the mother church of Ashton. The witnesses were Sir Geoffrey 
de Chetham, who was knighted before 1235, Richard de Trafford, 
Robert de Byron of Clayton, Robert de Shoresworth, William de Heaton 
of Great Heaton, Kalph de Ancoats, Hugh de Haselham, and William de 
Droylsden. 



SERIES VII. CHARTER No. I. 
a.d. 1178-1186. 24-32 Henry II. 

Letters of protection prom Henry II to the Hospital op St. Mary 

Magdalene, op Preston. 

Duchy of La7tc. f Great Cowcher, Vol. I.,fol. 80. No. 1. 

Heiiricus Dei gratia Rex Angliaj et Dux Normanuite et 
Aquitanue et Comes Andegaiiite, Archiepiscopis, Episcopis, 
Abbatibus, Comitibus, Baronibus, Justiciariis, Vicecomitibus et 
omnibus ministris et fklelibus suis salutcm. Sciatis quod 
hospitalis sanctie Maria* Magdaleua? de Frestona et leprosi 



3:U THK LANCASHIRE CIJARTULARY. 

ibidem coiiimorantes sunt in maim et eustudia et protectione mea. 
El ideo pneeipio <piod liiaiiuteiusatis, custodiatis et protegntis 
pni'tlictuni hospitnlem et ipso* leprosos et onirics res snas et 
possessionem <pias babent sicut nieas doniinicas. Ita quod 
nullum iiiiuriam uel molestiam uel ^rauamen eis imle faciatis vel 
ab ali(pio iieri pennittati.s. Kt si quis eis super hoc forisfacere 
pru'sumpserit : eis sine dilatione id eniendari faeiatis. Teste 
i'ratre Ko^ero Kleniosynario, apud Kerseintonam. 

NOTES. 

Tlie Leper Hospital of St. Mary Magdalene of Preston occupied a site 
close to Tulketh Hall. There is some probability that the founder was 
Stephen, ('mint of Mortain, afterwai'ds King of England, and tliat the 
date of the foundation was in or soon after 1127, when the monks of 
Savigny removed from their house at Tulketh to their new poHHessions in 
Fumes*. (See Series IV'., No. I.) The above letters of protection contain 
the first reference to this Hospital that has been found. 

This charter was expedited at Garsington, in Oxfordshire, but the year 
cannot be stated with certainty as there is no record of t lie king having 
visited that place between J 177-1188. Alnmt the -1th June, 1177, the 
king, at Winchester, appointed linger, a Knight-Templar, to be his Almoner. 
The king was in the north of England se\eral times during the years 
1178 11 8f>. It is therefore probable that this charter was executed during 
that period, after his return from one of these visits. 



SKKIES VII. CTIAirmt No. II. 
a.d. 1199-1200. 1-0 John. 

Grant in frankalmoign hy Walter dr Tnool to the bkkthrbn op tiib 
Hospital or St. Mary Magdalene of Preston or lands in Inqol. 

Duchy of Lancaster, Ancient Jkrih, L 2085. 

Sciant ocs ta prcsentes q ft m futj q. E<jo Wait fil Garnet ■ 
do I£ole ' dedj * -j gcessi • -j Hac present]' carta mca 9cessu 
hedii nieoj> cofirinauj * do ■ -j frjij} hospital See Marie 
llagdai ' do presto • v • pereatas tre j lngit-iuline ' "j j 
latitudine • j Mura * Illas seilie-3 que sfit pplquiorea tre 
mee I cade Mora ex parte occidiitalj * PreVea eis cocessi 
p'dietis fril»3 q'ndfi partieula tre * Ilia seilie) que f it? duos 
pffidos sicos ([lie stint pplq'ores ex ptc oceidiUalj tre ade 
iil belms • fijs mej * cii ilia diniidia ae* tre " epie extiidit 



THE LANCASHIRE CHARTULAKY. 335 

se \1sq3 J uetem Kirkegaf • ej 9 de uille * 3 cu volatu 
pplq'orj ptiicte tre ex pte aq^onalj J pura • *j • ppetufi 
elemosinil * p ata Henricj regis * 3 Dry Ri8 ve§ * "j 
Aficessoa suox • -j p Waltj Hervi • aTa • 3 spose sue • 3 
ancessoa suoa • 3 p aia pils mej * *] Mrls mee * 3 olm 
Aficesso* meoa • y 01m fideliu defucto^ • libe • 3 q*ete • 
Jteg e ■ plenarie * 3 honorifice • plenarie • J pascuis * j Moris • 
3 Aq ! s • J boselio * *] piano • ad coburlid * 3 ad edificand • 
•j I 9111U11J pasta • t J oib} alijs aisiamtis ' *] lifej 8 9sue- 
tudinil)3 * pMiete 'tre ptinen[ti]bus * Hac Aut p 9 dicta i'ra 

Warautizando gt 6s holes dedj • 3 9cessi soluta *] q ! eta 
de me ' 3 de hedil>3 meis * de 6i sctarj 9suetudine * 3 exac- 
tioe • ptinente ad me * 3 ad hedes meos • His testib} * 
Priore de Lone? * Ada decani * de Kirkehii • Ri8 p a • de 
pidto • Walto til hosbtj • Rob fii Bernard] • Walto fii 
Suanj • Wifto de Wlueq'ke * Henr 9 de le * Kad ppoito de 
p N sto • Hog fii ej 9 • Alano fii Ri8 • fii Huctredj * 3 Multis 
Aliis. 

Endorsed. — " Omnes iste Sut Carte de yngole " • " V pticat 
Vre 3 queda pticta tre 3 dla acra tre in Yngoil." 

Seal of white war, non-heraldic. Legend. — SIGILLV 
WALTERI DE INGOOL. 

NOTES. 

The above is one of a series of thirty or more charters relating to the 
Hospital of St. Mary Magdalene, which are preserved in the Public Record 
Office. As one of the earliest it has been selected for inclusion in this 
Series. 

Walter, son of Gamel de Ingol, gave by this charter five perches of land 
in length and breadth on the Moor, adjoining on the western side to his 
own land there, and a parcel of land which lay between two deep sykes 
adjoining on the western side to land of Adam son of Behus, his brother, 
together with the lialf acre of land which runs up to the ancient Kirkgate 
of tliat town, and the garden adjoining that land on the northern side ; for 
the health of the souls of King Henry, King Richard and their ancestors, 
and for the souls of Walter Hervey, his wife and ancestors, and for the souls 
of his [the grantor's] father, mother, ancestors, and all the faithful departed. 

The witnesses were — The Prior of Lancaster ; Adam, Dean of Kirkham ; 
Richard, parson of Poulton ; Walter, son of Osbert, lord of Clifton and 
Westby ; Robert, son of Bernard, lord of Goosnargh and CatteraJl ; Walter, 
son of Swain, lord of Carlton ; William de Win wick, lord of Thornton ; 
Henry de Lea, lord of Ravens-Meols, French-Lea, English-Lea, &c. ; Ralph, 
Reeve of Preston ; Roger, his son ; Alan, son of Richard, son of Ughtrtd, 



336 THK I.AN«\A<IIIRE CHARTTLARY. 

lord of Littl.- Sini'lrtoij an*l RrMii^hton. ami Master Serjeant of the Bsili- 
wi'-ks «.f i;la< k1»ni u-Jiin* ami AnH>uii<1**riu-s4. Nut ices of all these persons 
will 1»* f<>iiu«l in tin- < '•••'k^isstiicl < "hartidarv. 1 

Kob-rt. -•»!! of Ti'-rnapl. died in 1200. *•• that the date of this charter is 
}}*■(* <rr th;tt v»-ar. As tli»- "rant Mas made iV/t alia for the health of the 
Roul of Kii-L' Ilk-hard, the date was prnhably sometime after his death. This 
fixe* the date Ut ween 1 l.'rt) ami 1 2«ii». Tlie reference to " Walterns Hervei n 
is interest in ir, as it a|>[*areiitly points to Walter fitz Hervey brother of 
Theobald Walter. 



SEKIKS VIII. CIIAKTKU No. I. 
A.H. 1194-1198. 

Oil A XT IV FR.WKAT.MOIfiN BY THE AltCIIDKACOX OF RlCIIMOXD TO TUB ABBOT 

ami Monks of Wykbmialk of tmf. chtroh of St. Michabl-ox-Wtkb, 

ri»iiN THK rilllriENTATloX OF TlIF.ODALD WAI TKB. 

Ihirhy (if Lain., Carlfr. Mimrll. f Vul. I.,f. C. 

Onill»5 Sec Mains EccJie tilijs Ad quos Prcscns Script 
pucn^it * Witts !)<» Chimcillj Archidiacon 9 lticbemiindie Salt 
in duo • Xoiiciit vniucrsitas lira * mc? ad prcscntationein Theb 
Wal'ii <b'ilissi» ot liar present i Carta mea (.'ontirinassc Abfci 
~j Mmineliis de Wiivsdat Krctiam Sci Mich Sup Wirfi Cum 
(mill)} ptinontijs suis * In pura *j ppetuam Kluinosinam • In 
proprios usus prrcipiendam ' Suluo dure Archict ltiehemund • 
IVrdri iu'Imi Abbas *j Mmiaclii de Whrsdale • do Kcetia predca 
Oinia lanirra Kpismpalia Suslinrht • "j (Vrtuni vicarium Iu ead 
assij^nalit * cum poriiouc Suilicieiile ad victuni ■] vestitum • 
rinse! vicarij. Kt. ut. !i inca Conccssio JJala pmaneat In postum ? 
cam Si^illi nu*i appositiune: di^num * duxi corroborandam ; 
Hijs Testib 5 • II • ('ant • Arch • II • Kpo Couintr • Theb 
Wal'ii • Kami Thcsaur Sar * (lilch do Kenlewell • Simon de 
Caiiia ' k j nillis Aliis. 

NOTES. 

In the hitter part of th*^ reign of Henry II, a number of Cistercian 
monks from Kuriicss Abliey removed into Wyreadale, and there founded an 
Abbey, as m filiation of Kurness. The site of this Abliey is unknown, as 
also the donor of the land upon which it was established. In the account 
of the various foundations which emanated from Finn ess, the Coucher 
(Vol. I, ful. lb) states:- "Abbatia de Wethneya piimo fundata fuissct in 

1 Cfatham Sov t VuV F.8 to -10, New Series. 



THE LANCASHIRE CHARTULARY. 337 

Wyresdale, sed ipsa fundatione retracta, radices fixit in Hybernia, ubi raodo 
.cpDstructa est,, et de Furnesio exivit." This refers to Wotheney Abbey, 
co. Limerick. Charter No. Ill of this Series shows that the foundation at 
Wotheney was due to the munificence of Theobald Walter, who is said to 
have been created Chief Butler of Ireland by Henry II in 1177, when he 
'attended that sovereign upon his Irish expedition. He also attended John, 
Count of Mortain, in the expedition of 1185, and was the leader of the 
English at Cork, when Dermot, King of Cork, was slain. 1 He was after- 
wards possessed of the Baronies of Upper and Lower Ormonde, and other 
estates in co. Limerick. In 1194, no doubt in consideration of his services 
"to King Richard, in quelling the rebellion of John, then Count of Mortain, 
under whom he held the fee of Weeton, the King gave him the whole 
•Hundred of Amounderness (see page 81). Immediately afterwards he 
presented the abbot and monks of Wyresdale to the church of St. Michael- 
on-Wyre, and William de Chimelli, Archdeacon of Richmond, by the above 
charter granted it to them with its appurtenances, to appropriate to their 
own use, on condition that they discharged the episcopal claims, and assigned 
a vicarage in the church, with suitable provision for the support and vesture 
of the vicar. 

This was witnessed by Hubert, brother of Theobald, who had been 
created Archbishop of Canterbury .in 1193; Hugh de Novant, Bishop of 
Coventry and Lichfield, who died 27th April, 1198; Theolrald Walter 
himself ; Ranulf, Treasurer of Salisbury, then or soon after Parson of the 
church of Wigan ; Gilbert de Kentwell, a Norfolk baron, and also a military 
tenant of the Honor of Lancaster in Thurston, co. Suffolk ; and Simon of 
the Chamber. 



SERIES VIII. CHARTER No. II. 
a.d. 1194-1199. 5-10 Richard I. 

Agreement between the abbot and honks of Wyresdale and H., chaplain 

OP ST. MlCnAEl/8-ON-WYRE, THAT THE CHAPLAIN FOR HIS SERVICE SHOULD 
HATE LAND ON THE EASTERN SIDE OF TUB CHURCH, WITH THE FISHERY, 
AND HALF A MARK YEARLY FOR HI8 VICARAGE. 

Duchy of Lane, Ancient Deeds, L 3623. 

Sciant oes • tarn • psentes • q R m Futmi • qct • hec est 
conuencio * int Abbfem • Et Monachos • de Wirisclat • Et H • 
capellanu • Qd ipe * H * erit capellan 9 Monachojp oib) dieb} 
uite sue in Ecciia Sci Mikaet sup Wir ■ \\ aliii sufficientein 
capellanu ad ipam ecctiam ppriis siiptil)3 inueniet • fidelitatem 
p'us ipis Abfei ' Et Monach * faciente • Et tenente ' PpV hoc • 
°u • seriiicium • Abbs • Et Monachi * concesserunt eidni • II * 

1 Oiraldvs Camlrenii*, Vol. V., p. 886. 



338 THE LANCASHIRE CHARTULARY. 

totam tram ■ ex orientali pte ei 9 dm Ecctie • Et piscariam 
ei 9 dm ptis • Et totam piscacionem in ea • Scil} * A ■ ponte " 
Sic Aq a se extndit usus orientem * Et Ab Ecctia ■ Sic fira 
ipa se extndit lisus orientem • Et dim • M? • argfiti AnnuatI * 
ipi • p vicaria sua • Et fideli seruicio suo duob} f'minis • 
psoluent • Scil3 • xl.d. ad festu Sci Mikaelis * Et xLA 
ad pascha • Ita tn • qd Abbs • Et Monachi • constituent 
qrhdam cticu ipi Ecctie • seruiendu cu pnoiato • H ' Et 
pouent quemlib} uoluint • in eadm Ecctia * ad pcipiendu • 
ocs • oblaciones * Ouencioncs ' Decimaciones • Et cetera queq} 
Eccliastica biiiicia • soe 6i excepcioe ' cu diuisis Morienciu ' 
Et Asportatu Altaris • Predictus u° * H • de ceio * de bladis • 
Et piscib} • Et Aueriis ppriis * Et cetis mobilib} • q*s in ipa 
parochia habuit :' ocm decimacione • Abbi • Et Monach ■ 
psoluet • Et (Jnoniinati Abbs • 3 Monachi • q'mdiu ipm 
bnficiuni possed'fint ' j?dicto • H * tram ex orientali pte 
Ecctie * eichn Ecctie ptinentem warantizabunt • Sciendu 3 
enl est 1 qd sepedicti Monachi ' in q'libet pte illi 9 ire " q'm 
sepedicto • H concesserunt " ad libitu suu • sn 6i • 9 a diccioe 
H * construcrc poiunt molendinu • n c ipe • H * libertate 
multure • n c • aliq'd aliud clamare potit in eo • Hanc g 
eonuencioem tenendam * Abbs • Et Monachi in ubo pmisenint 
ueritatis 1 Et seped ictus • H * earn in Sib} fidetr • tefle • 3 
custodire ' sup altare • in ecctia • be • Marie • de I^incasi' • 
coram capto de leanest jurauit * Et Abbi * "j Monach ' in 
eodm capto • hui 5 • 9uenciois tenende • Cticos 3 laicos plegios 
inuenit • Scit} A • Decan * de Lancast ■ B • Gernet • R * 
de Hewersam • 11 • de Gairstag • Alexand de Clapham • R • 
de pulton • A • de Bvrton • B • capelto de tatham • R • 
fit Bernard * Magr W • de Gairstag * Et Paulin de Gairstag • 
Si u° 9ti£*it • (j[d pdictus * II ■ in aliq ul p alque • 
9uencionis hui 9 paginam tnsgressus ffrit^ 3 ii in continenti 
sup hoc Abbi • 3 Monach * satisfecerit • -j Abbs * ui Monachi • 
gueiiient illd pbare poiint * Ipe * H • penam • V • Marca* • 
incurret * 3 ipas Abbi * 3 Monach • sn 6i excusacione psoluet 
. *] ipain Vram c vicaria • 3 c fructib} 'tre ■ 3 aq • sn spe 
recupaciois amitiet ' Ita tn • qd Abbs * -j Monachi • de ulla 
010 re • ut bnficio ulii 9 n tenebunt' responde illi • Si au 
Abbs -j Monachi • 9uencionc hanc tns£'ssi fuiut • "j n in 
9tinenti ' ipi • H • satisfecint • 3 iltd 9uenient pbare potit * 
Abbs -j Monachi ppnani * V • Marcax incurrentr 3 illaux 






THE LANCASHIRE CHARTULARY. 339 

psoluent • Hui 9 • siqdin conuenciois -Hi * T? St * Don 9 K. 
Afcfcs de Furn • Th • Afcfes de Marrisco • W • p'or de Lan- 
cas£ • D • p ! or de Karmt * E • p'or de Chunghishewid. 

Endorsed. — Copositio cora Capto exibita. 

Fragment of one seal remaining. Seven seals destroyed. 



NOTES. 

In accordance with the conditions of the Archdeacon's grant of the 
church of St. Michael-on-Wyre, the Abbot and monks of Wyresdale shortly 
afterwards made the following agreement with H. the chaplain. That he 
should be the monks' chaplain in tliat church for life, or should find at his 
own charges another competent chaplain, who should first do fealty to the 
Abbot and monks. For this service they granted to him the land on the 
eastern side of the church, and the fishery belonging thereto, and the fishing 
from the bridge eastward, and the land from the church extending east- 
ward ; and half a mark of silver yearly for his vicarage and for his faithful 
service, to wit, forty pence at St. Michael, and the same at Easter. They 
declared their intention to appoint a clerk to serve the church with the said 
chaplain, and to place whom they chose in the same, to collect all oblations, 
obventions, tenths and other ecclesiastical emoluments, together with the 
bequests of the dying, and altarage. They also stipulated that the said 
chaplain should pay tithe of his corn, fish, cattle, and other moveable goods, 
which he might possess within that parish. And so long as they possessed 
that benefice, they undertook to warrant to him the said land on the eastern 
side of the church. They also reserved to themselves the right to erect a 
mill in any portion of that land, without the chaplain having any power to 
claim right of multure. 

The Abbot and monks promised truthfully to keep this covenant, and 
H. the chaplain swore upon the altar in the church of St. Mary of Lancaster, 
before the chapter of I ian caster, to faithfully observe the same in all things, 
and for greater security he found the following sureties, both clerics and 
laymen — Adam, Dean of Lancaster ; Benedict Gernet, perhaps parson of 
Halton ; Roger, parson of Heversham, who witnessed a contemporary charter 
of Henry, son of Norman de Redman, lord of Levens ; Robert, parson of 
Garstang, who occurs as a witness to a charter to Furness about this time ; 
Alexander, parson of Clapham ; Richard, parson of Poulton, who witnessed 
a charter of William, son of Richard de Bispham to Cockersand Abbey ; 
Adam, parson of Burton in Lonsdale, who witnessed a contemporary charter 
respecting the church of Garstang (Cockersand Chartulary, p. 335) ; 
Benedict, chaplain of Tatham, who recovered twenty acres of land in Tatham 
against William, son of Archil of Stackhouse, in the year 1202 ; Robert, son 
of Bernard, probably of Goosnargh ; Master W. de Garstaug and Paulyn de 
Garstang, wjio held lands in Garstang, the former perhaps a clerk connected 
with the manorial court of the fee of Garstang, of which H el wise de 

Z 2 



340 THE LANCASHIRE CHARTULARY. 

State vill was then the lady. 1 The charter concludes with a penal clause to 
enforce the provisions of the agreement, subjecting either party to the 
forfeiture of five marks for breach of contract 

The witnesses were- Ralph Fietham, abbot of Furness ; Thomas, the 
first recorded abbot of Cockersand, then called the abbey of the marsh 
(fie marisco) ; William, prior of Lancaster ; 1)., prior of Cartmel, who was the 
predecessor of William, prior in or before a.d. 1199; and R. the first 
recorded prior of Conishead. 

The date of this charter is clearly subsequent to that of No. I. It is also 
before 1199, as William was prior of Cartmel iu or before that year. 



SERIES VIII. CHARTER No. III. 
A.D. 1194-120G. 5 Richard 1—8 John. 

Lktteu of Thkobald Walteu CEBTIFYIN'O THAT HI8 ciiaetbb op grant in 

FRANK ALMOIGN TO THE MONKS OF WOTHENEY WAS THE FIRST CITAKTKR OF 
GRANT WHICH nE MADE IN TUB CaNTRED OF WOTHKNEY-TATIIELAN AND 
WOT RENE Y-FERNAN. 

Duchy of Lane, Cartas His<:cUamw t Vol. 2,fol. 43. 

Omil)3 xpi fidelil>3 til clericis q a m laicis pscntcs lifas uisuris 
^ audit r is Thobald 9 Waltj I duo salt • Noirtt vniusitas ura 
qd carta ilia q a feci monachis q 1 exierut de furneis de ele- 
niosina mea in cantredo Wuoethcuitathelan 3 Wuoetheni- 
fernan • p'ma c oniiii cartar mear q a s feci de aliq a donatione 
I p'dicto cantredo * Et ne sup hoc aliq a possit esse dubietas 
p q pfati monachi do aliq iure suo pturbari possint t 
alienari q"d absit * ]?sens sc'ptii q°d testiinoniu phibet uitatj 
sigillo nieo muiiiui ' valt. 

NOTES. 

Although it is said that Wotheney Abbey was founded in the year 1188, 
the preceding charters prove that the monks of Wyresdale did not remove 
thither until certainly after 1195. Theobald Walter wan buried there in 
120G. Wotheney appears to have been a cant red in the parish of Abington, 
co. Limerick. The above letter certifies that Theobald's charter, to the 
monks who removed from Furness, of land granted in frankalmoign iu 
the cantred of Wotheiiey-Tathelan, or Wotheney-Fernan, was the first of 
any of the deeds of gift which he had made of lands there. The probability 
is that the colony of monks in Wyresdale removed to Wotheney circa 1198, 
or between 1195 and 1199. 

1 Compare many of these names with the witnessos to Duchy of Lane, 
Charter, L 579, page 361 post. 



THE LANCASHIKE CHAOTULAKY. 341 



SERIES IX. CHARTER No. I. 
a.d. 1189-1194. 1-5 Richard I. 

Foundation charter of tub Priory of Cartmbl by William Marshall, 
afterwards earl of pembroke, granting to the canons there the 
whole land of cartmel with many liberties. 

lnsj)cximus of 17 Edw. II., Brit. Mits., Harlcian Charter, 51 H. 2. 

Omnibus sancta; Matris ecclesiai filiis ad quos pnusens scripium 
peruenerit J . Guillehmis Marescallus salutem. Nouerit vniuersitas 
vestra quod ego ad dilatandum sacne religionis cultum dedi et 
concessi Totam terrain meam de Kertmel Cum omnibus pertinenciis 
suis in liberam et puram et perpetuam elemosinam deo at sanctis- 
simju eius Genitrici Maria? et Canonicis ibidem deo seruientibus, 
pro anitna domini Regis Henrici secundi et pro anima Regis 
Henrici iunioris domini mei et pro anima Regis Ricardi et pro 
anima mea et anitna vxoris ineae Ysabel et pro animabus ante- 
cessoruni et successorum et lueredum nostrorum. Dedi eciam eis 
et pari deuocionis aftectu concessi eiusdem terra? Ecclesiam cum 
vniuersis Capellis suis et cum omnibus aduocacionibus suis et 
cum omnibus Rebus ad eas pertinentibus. Quare volo et firmiter 
pnecipio quod prtefati Canonici habeant et teneant proedictam 
terrain totam de Kertmel in perpetuum, liberam et quietam Cum 
omuibus pertinenciis suis, in ecclesiis et Capellis, in bosco et 
piano, in siluis et venacionibus, in viis et semitis, In pratis et 
pascuis, in Mari et in omnibus aquis et molendinis, in herbagiis 
et piscariis, in salinis et fabricis, in Minariis ferreis Et in omnibus 
aliis Rebus et locis cum omnibus libertatibus et liberis con- 
8iietudinibus suis liberi et quiete integre et honorifice. Pneterea 
volo et Coustituo quod pnedicta domus et Canonici ibidem deo 
seruientes liberi sint et iminunes ab omni subiectionc alterius 
domus et quod nulli domui in aliquot nomine subiectionis 
respondeant. Obeunte uero Priore piwdicti loci de Kertmel 
Canonici duos Canonicos eligaut et miclii Willelmo Marescallo 
eorum patrono vel lueredibus meis representent, vt ille quern 
communis assensus noster elegerit i Prior efficiatur. Ita quod 
quicumque ibi prior statuatur, Nomen et ofTicium tantum Prioris 
habeat in perpetuum, Ita quod de prioratu illo numquam 
fiat abbacia. Hanc autem domum pra?dictam fundaui ad sacra3 
Religionis augmentum, Donans ei et coucedens Qui[c]quid liber- 



342 THE LANCASHIRE CIIARTULARY. 

talis Os loqui potest et cor hominis Cogitare. Quicumque 
igitur iam dicta? domui sine Rebus suis decrementum aut 
ilctrimcntum intulerit, dei maledictioncm et beatissimre Virginia 
Maria? et Omnium sanctorum dei et nieam incurrat. Vt autem 
1ki?c donacio mea a pnesentibus Itata et a posteris inconcussa 
permaneat, sigilli mei Iinpresaionc pnesens scriptum Commimiui. 
Hiis testibus — Comite Willelmo Saresbirhv, Johaune domini 
Regis Marescallo iratre nieo, Galfrido filio Petri, Roberto de 
Berkelai, Galfrido filio Roberti, Rieardo de Mucegros, Rudulfo 
Rloet, riiilippo de Prendelgast, Johanne de Erlega, Willelmo de 
sancto Leodegaro, Nicolao Auenel, Rieardo de Stuteeumb, Willelmo 
Waleranno, IMiilippo de Sar[esburia], Rogero Capellano, Jocelino 
clerieo, Miuliaele clerico, Pentecosto clerico et multis aliis. 1 

Endorsed. — per breve de priuato sigillo. — Lek. Examinalf 
per H. de Burgh et W. de Lcyeestr?. 

Large seal of dark yrecn v:ao\ 

NOTES. 

Cartmel is not mentioned in Domesday nor any of its townships, unless 
one of the two "cherc-nebi" mentioned on fol. 301, col. 2, refers to it, and 
the other to Kirkby in Kendal. In 1100, Cartmel being ]>arcel of the 
royal demesne rendered 2£ marks to the Aid to marry King Henry II.'s 
eldest daughter Matilda (page 13). About Christmas, 1185, the King 
granted it to William Marshall, the whole district being rated at nine 
teamlands or carucates, which had been farmed by the Sheriff for £32 
yearly, which he accounted for in the Corpus Comitates at each Michaelmas 
audit at the Exchequer (p. 09). According to Dugdale (ride Monasticon, 
Vol. VI., p. 454), William Mai-shall founded the Priory here in the year 1188, 
a date which seems to be a few years too early judging by the evidence of 
this charter. In the Testa de A'evill (Vol. II., f. 835) in the Inquest of co. 
Lancaster of a.d. 1212, it is recorded that "the lord King gave Kertmel 
to William Marescall, and lie gave it to the canons of Bradenstoke in alms, 
to wit, nine carucates of land, whereof they have the charter of the said 
William, and the confirmation of the lord King [John] and his ancestors." 
From this it appears that Marshall brought a colony of Black Canons from 
the Priory of Bradenstoke, in co. Wilts., and settled them here, granting to 
God, and his most blessed mother Mary, and to the said canons his whole 
land of Kertmel with all the appwtenauces, "for the welfare of the soul of 

1 Exemplifications of this charter arc to be found in the Confirmation of 
Edward II, Charter Roll, 17th year, No. 28; and in the Patent Soil, 2 Henry 
IV, Pt. 2, m. 44. 



TIIE LANCASHIRE CHARTULAKY. 343 

King Henry II, and for the soul of King Henry the younger, my lord, and 
for the soul of King Richard, for my own soul, and the soul of Isabel, me 
wife." The said Prince Henry, whom he calls his lord, died of dysentery at 
Martel, a village between Brives and Cahors, on the 11th June, 1183. 
William Marshall was in attendance upon him at the time of his death. 
The grant also included the church of Cartmel and all its chapels, and 
contains a long recital of the liberties, emoluments, and advantages com- 
prised therein. He also declared a special provision touching the appoint- 
ment of Prior, as follows. " I will and appoint that the said house and 
canons shall select two canons and present them to me, William Marescall 
their patron, or to my heirs, so that he whom our joint sense shall choose, 
shall be made Prior, and whoever shall be appointed Prior there shall for 
ever have the office and name of Prior only, so that no abbey shall ever be 
made of that priory. And this house I have founded for the increase of 
holy religion, giving and granting thereto whatsoever liberty the mouth 
can speak, or the heart of man desire." 

The witnesses were William, Earl of Salisbury ; John the grantor's 
brother, who held the manor of Hampstead Marshal, co. Berks., with the 
office of Marshal of the King's Court attached thereto, which upon his 
death in March, 1194, devolved upon his said brother William ; Geoffrey 
fitz Piers, Chamberlain to Henry II ; Robert de Berkeley ; Geoffrey fitz 
Robert ; Richard de Mucegros ; Ralph Bloet ; Philip de Prendergast ; 
John de Erley ; William de St. Leger ; Nicholas Avenell ; Richard de 
Stutecumb ; William Walleran ; Philip de Salisbury ; Roger the chaplain ; 
Joceline, Michael, and Pentecost, clerks, and others. Many of these were 
Wiltshire and Dorsetshire men, and some connected with the Honor of 
Strigul. William Marshall having married, as is well known, Isabel de 
Clare, the heiress of Pembroke, in August, 1189 (whose marriage he liad 
received from Henry II), was probably considered Earl of Strigul, or 
Pembroke jure uxorU, by virtue of which it is said that he was bearer of 
the sceptre with the cross at the first coronation of Richard I, 3rd 
September, 1189 {vide " The Complete Peerage " by G. E. C, Vol. VI., p. 198). 

The date evidently lies between the accession of King Richard in 1189, 
and the death of John Marshall, the grantor's brother in March, 1 194, but 
probably it was early in 1190. 



SERIES IX. CHARTER No. II. 
ad. 1189-1190. 1-2 Richard L 

CONFIBMATION BY JOHN, COUNT OP MoBTAIN, TO WlLLIAH MaBSHALL, OF 
THE LAND OF CABTMEL, TO HOLD OF HIM BY THE SBBVICB OF ONE KNIGUVs 
FBB. 

Brit. Mas. y Harldan Charter, 83, A. 26. 

Jobs Com More? Omib3 hoib} "] Aniicis suis francis ^ 
Ahglis salt * Notii sit uobis omi!>3 me dedisse *] hac mea 
carta 9firmas.se Wifto Marescallo tota 'tram mea de Caertmel 



3J4 THE LANCASHIRE CHARTULAUY. 

p boinagio *] seruicio suo tcntklam ipi 3 lfodib} suis de me 
*j hVedil.13 muis p seruiciii uui 9 inilitis p 0111II13 seraicijs "] 
oinIl)3 9suetudinili3 • Ido nolo *j tinniV ffcipio ut id Witts "] 
li?odes sui p 9 ipin tencat *j habeant pdcam Irani plenarie 3 
integrc * honorifice • 3 pacificu lil/lc 3 quiete p pUcni seruiciii 
cii omib3 ptinencijs 3 lit>tatil>3 suis in bosco 3 piano ' in 
uijs 3 semitis ■ in aquis 3 stagnis ' in piscarijs "j uiuarijs - 
in nioris -j uiariscis • in pratis *] pascuis * in ecctijs *] 
eapullis * in uiutiiiliiiis • 3 alijs lib'ftatib} • Tcstib3 • Steph 
liid * cfteellavio • liubto de lire toil * Ham do Vai * Hug 
de Malalii • Witto de Morluoniari • Tbeob Walt'i ' Witto de 
JUiclietot * fulconc de Cantet • lcofcto de Trubleuift • Magro 
Alardo • JJufclo lfuffo • Mag? Pet° de litelb . Cantuar; 

Larye equestrian seal of dark y recti wax, sliyhtly broken. 

. IN JN Id .... 



NOTES. 

The confirmation of Cartinel, i.e., the whole district comprised within the 
IKiriuh of Cartmel, to William Marshall by John, Count of Mortain, would 
probably follow immediately upon King Henry's grant to the latter of the 
Honor of Lancaster, about Midsummer 1189 (page 73). In this document 
the service to be done to Count John is stated to be homage and the service 
of one knight's fee for all services and customs. It is to be noted that in the 
subsequent continuation he again reserves this service, but after the forfeiture 
of the Houor in 1194, no more is heard of this service. 

The witnesses were Stephen Ridel, Count John's Chancellor, Robert de 
Brutuuil, Hamon de Valoines, Hugh de Malaunay (de malo alneto), "William 
de Mortimer, Theobald Walter, William de Bussei, Fulk de Cantelou (de 
anUiliijto), Robert de Trublevill, Master Alard, Robert le Rous, and Master 
Peter de Littlebury, at Canterbury. These were almost all officials or 
members of Count John's retinue. 



SEMES IX. CHAHTEll Xo. III. 

A.D. 1189-1194. 1-5 Kiciiakd I. ' 

Grant by John, Count of Mortain, to William Marshall, op liberty to 
establish a house of religion at cartmel, and to endow the saki 
with the land of cartmel. 

Brit. Mus., Harleian Charter, 80, A. 27. 

Jobs Com • Moretofi • Omil>3 Amicis 3 Homily Suis 
franceis 3 Anglis salt • Sciatis Me Concessisse "J psfiti Carta- 



THE LANCASHIRE CHAttTULARY. 345 

mca Confirmasse p salute Aninie mee 3 Aiicesso^ meoa 
Q? Guitts Marescallus faciat domu Qualiscuq} iteligionis 
volitfit In tra de Kertniel * Et ut ipe Guitts dot donmj illj 
T; illis Qui ibi deo Slfuicnt Kertmel Cii Omil>3 ptifitiis suis J 
ppetua Elemoiam p salute Anime sue • 3 Ancessoa suoa 
• Adeo libam • 3 Quieta In omil>3 • sicut Ego ipj Guitto 
ilia Concessi * *j Carta mea Confirmauj * Quare volo 
*j firmiter peipio • Quod ptfati lieligiosi Cui^ciuy 
lteligiois fuint i Hant 3 Teneant p7noIatii tram de 
K'ftmel • j ppetuu • libam 3 Quieta Cu Omil>3 ptinctiis 
suis • J Ecclesiis • 3 Capitis . In Bosco 3 piano • In 
Siluis • ^ Venatouib3 • In Viis * *j Semitis • In Pratis 
3 pascuis * In Aquis * 3 Molendinis * J H?bagiis 3 
piscariis * In Salinis " 3 fab'cis * 3 Cu Oinib3 libtatib3 3 
lifeis Consuetudinib3 Eid Ire ptinentib} • Adeo libe * 3 Quiete • 
3 Houorifice • 3 Integ e * sicut Carta donatonis pnoiati Guittj 
illis Confirmat 3 Testatur ' saluo S?uitio vnius militis • Quod 
ipe Guitts in m 1 fac?e debet * Testib3 • Stepho Kidello Cancttario 
Meo • Witto Auent • Rogo de Emudeuitt * Witto de Turfcuitt • 
Ead de Ard*?n. 

Endorsed. — Johes ' de Morton. 

Large equestrian seal of dark green wax, slightly broken. 

* SIGILLV [M : JOH]ANNIS : 
FILII : REGIS ANGLIE. 

NOTES. 

The form of this confirmation is somewhat unusual. "John, Count of 
Mortain, to all his friends and freemen, French and English, greeting. 
Know that I have granted, and by my present charter confirmed, for the 
health of my soul, and the souls of my ancestors, that William Marshall may 
establish a house of religion of any kind he likes in the land of Cartmel, and 
that he, William, may give to tliat house [and to those] who shall serve God 
there, Cartmel, with all its appurtenances, in perpetual alms, for the health 
of his soul and the souls of his ancestors, as freely and fully in all things as I 
myself grauted, and by my charter confirmed it to the same William." 

Witnesses, Stephen Ridel, the Count's Chancellor, William Avenell, Roger 
de Amundevifle, William de Turbeville, and Ralph de Ardern. The date 
would be shortly after that of No. I, probably in 1190. 



346 THE LANCASHIRE CHARTULARY. 



SERIES X. CHARTER No. I. 
a.d. 1189-1194 1-5 Richard I. 

Grant by Richard, son of Roger, Thane op Woodplumpton, to tub 
hones of dukiiam, of the land of lytham, with the church of 
that town, fou the establishment there of a house of their ordbr. 

Charter Roll, No. 130, 9 Edward TIL, m, 25, No. 65. 

Ricardus Alius Rogeri omnibus hominibus, Francis et Anglis 
tain praesentibus quam futuris, has literas videntibus vel 
audientibus salutein. Noverit universitas vestra quod ego de 
consensu et voluntate uxoris nieie MargareUe, et lueredum 
nieoruni> pro salute domini inei Johannis Comitis, et pro 
animabus patris inei et matris mete, et mea, et hieredum ineorum, 
dedi et concessi, et hac pnesenti carta mea eonfirmavi, in purain et 
perpetuam elemosinam, Deo et beatie Mariie, et sancto Cuthberto 
et Monachis Dunolinensibus, totam terrain meam de Lythum, cuin 
ecclesia ejusdem villie, et cum omnibus ad ipsam ecclesiam et ad 
piiedictam terrain pertinentibus, ad domum ordinis sui ibidem 
construendam, scilicet, per istas divisas, a fossa ex parte 
occidentali Cimiterii de Kilgrimol, supra quam crucem erexi, 
usque in mare versus occidentem. Iterum ab ilia fossa et Cruce, in 
transversuin versus orientem, Hequendo juxta le Cuvsidmere ultra 
magiiam mussam, et rivulum usque Balholni : Qui (juidem rivulus 
currit versus Suinebrigg; Item a Balhohn, directe ultra mussam, 
quam dominus Johannes Conies Moreton inter ipsuni et me 
divisit, usque ad aquilonalem partem de Estholmker, sequendo 
versus orientem, usque ad divisionem aqiue quie venit de Birche- 
holm et dividit inter Estholmker et Briningker sequendo illam 
divisionem aquie inter nos versus Austrum usque medium inter 
Estholme et Couburugh, et sic redeundo versus occidentem, et 
circumeundo versus austrum ultra mussam usque in la Pull, de 
ultra Snartsalt, sicut cadit super arenam maris ; et sic sequendo 
versus austrum in transversuin usque in Ribbill, ad filum aquae, 
sequendo filum dictte aqua? usque in mare versus occidentem, et 
sic usque ad fossam et crucem pnedictas ; et to turn mariscum 
infra pnedictas divisas, cum omnibus insulis qiue in eo sunt. 
Quare volo et finniter pneeipio quod dicti Monachi habeant et 
teneant et imperpetuum possideant hanc meam donationem ; 
scilicet, totam pnedictam terram meam de Lythum, in separato 



THE LANCASHIRE CHARTULARY. 347 

dominico, cum omnibus ad earn pertinentibus ; scilicet in terris 
cultis ct incultis, in bosco et piano, in pratis et pasturis, in moris 
et mussis, et mariscis, in aquis et molendinis, in stagnis et 
piscariis, in sablonibus mare retracto, cum omnibus emolumentis 
quae ex eis aliquo modo evenire poterunt, introitibus et exitibus et 
in omnibus aliis libertatibus et aisiamentis et rectitudinibus et 
consuetudinibus ad eandem terram pertinentibus, et ecclesiam 
ipsius villa*, cum suis pertinentiis, ita libere et quiete, et honorific^, 
sicut aliqua alia elemosina infra Archiepiscopatum Eboracensem 
ab aliquibus viris religiosis liberius, quiecius et honorificencius 
habetur et possidetur. Volo eciam et hac carta niea confirmo, ut 
Prior et Monachi Dunolmenses, Priores et Monachos, qui ibidem 
Deo, et beatie Marne, et sancto Cuthberto servituri sunt, liber6 
statuant et removeant, sicut melius viderint expedire. Et ego 
vero Ricardus, et hrcredes mei vel mei assignati, totam pnedictani 
terrain de Lythum, cum omnibus suis pertinentiis, ut est 
pnedictum, contra omnes homines et feminas warantizabimus, 
acquietabimus, et defendemus imperpetuum. Si quis autem 
ha>redum meorum, vel aliorum huic meaj donationi, in aliquo 
contraire pnesumpserit, iram Dei, et beataj Maria 1 , et sancti 
Cuthberti gloriosi confessoris iucurrat, et eorum ultioni subjaceat. 
Hiis testibus, Simone Camerario, Magistro llicardo de Coldingham, 
Magistro Henrico de Dunelm, Hugone de fferitate, Magistro 
Waltero Decano de Pitingdun, Magistro Waltero de Hadunton, 
Magistro Roberto de Edinton, Magistro Waltero de Dunolm', 
Roberto de Stokeporte, Willelmo de Muluum', Roberto filio 
Henrici, Ricardo filio Roberti, Willelmo Suany filio, Adam Decano 
de Kirkehaym, Ricardo clerico de Pultum, Alano Malecake, 
Rollando Milite, Ricardo Camerario, Laureucio Camerario, Johanne 
de Ketton, Philippo de Cestrun, Philippo de Houeden, Ricardo 
le ftlemang, Hugone Hauet', Willelmo filio Unfredi, Gilberto 
Bordun, Willelmo de Actle et multis aliis. 

NOTES. 

Roger, son of Ravenkil and his supposed father Ravenkil, son of 
Raghnald, have been noticed already as Thanes of Wood-plumpton, in 
Amounderness. The former is mentioned in the Pipe Roll of 31 Henry I 
(page 1), and again in that of 16 Henry II (page 16). Apparently he died 
shortly before the 22 Henry II, in which year his son Richard, the founder 
of the Priory, proffered 5 marks to the Justices for an inquiry touching 
Kirkby, which had been taken into the King's hands, because he had 



348 THE LANCASHIRE CHARTULARY. 

married his eldest daughter without the King's licence. He held Kirkby of 
the Constable of Chester, it is believed in right of his wife Margaret, 
daughter and co-heir of Thurstan Banastre, younger brother of Robert 
Banastre of Prestatyn (pages 32 and 43). He died between Mich. 1200, and 
the same feast in 1201, when Rol>ert de Stockport proftercd 200 marks and 
5 palfreys to have his land, and a further 100*. and a palfrey to liave the 
King's confirmation of the charter respecting Lytham, which the King as 
Count of Mortain had granted to the said Richard (jKiges 130 and 137). 
The charter referred to, passed at Long Marton, 26th Feb., 1201, and 
in it the King confirmed the grant which he had made when Count of 
Mortain, to Richard son of Roger touching two carucates of land which he 
had in Lidhum, to be bestowed upon religious men, and the remission of 
the service of that land. {Charter Itoll, 2 John, m. 10.) In the Inquest of 
co. Lane;ister made in 1212, we read "the heirs of Richard son of Roger 
hold 9 carucates of land in thanage, for which they used to render yearly 
three marks. The lord King by his charter released to the house of 
Lithum 8*. 8c/." yearly service. {Testa de Xevill, Vol. II., f. 819.) 

Of the foundation charter itself, an abstract in English will not bo 
superfluous. "Richard son of Roger to all men French and English, &c, 
sends greeting. Know that I have granted in frankalmoign, with the 
consent of Margaret, my wife, and my heirs, for the health of the soul of 
my lord, Count John [of Mortain], and for the souls of my father, and 
mother, my own soul and the souls of my heirs, to God, St. Mary, and 
St. Cuthbert and the monks of Durham, all my land of Lythum, with the 
church of that town, and all things appurtenant to that church, for the 
establishment there of a house of their order, within these bounds, to wit 
from the ditch on the western side of the burial yard of Kilgriniol (now 
]>art of St. Anne's-on-the-Sea), above which I have erected a cross, westward 
unto the sea ; and again from that ditch and cross, over to wards the east 
along by the Cursidmere, over the great moss and the stream unto Balholm 
(now Ballam), which said stream runs towards Suinebrigg (now Bowgrave 
Bridge /) ; Jigain from Balholm in a straight line over the moss, which lord 
Jolin, Count of Moreton, divided between himself and me, unto the northern 
side of Estholni-ker (now Eastham), following eastward unto the margin 
of the water which comes from Bircholm, and separates Estholm-ker 
and Brining-ker (/.<?., between Eastham and Bryning), following that 
division of water between us southward unto the ford (/) l>etween Estholme 
and Couburgh, thence returning towards the west, and fetching a compass 
southward over the moss into the Pull beyond Snart's-alte where it falls 
upon the sea shore, and so going towards the south across unto the Ribill 
at the mid-stream, following the mid-stream {filum) of that water west- 
ward unto the sea, and so to the aforesaid ditch and cross ; and all 
the marsh between the said bounds with the eyes (or holmes) which 
are therein. Wherefore I will that the monks have and hold, and for 
ever possess in their own demesne this grant of all my land of Lythum, 
with all the appurtenances as well in lands cultivated as uncultivated, in 
wood and plain, in meadows and j>astures, moors, mosses and marshes, waters 
and mills, millpools and fisheries, in the sands when the tide has ebbed, 
together with all the emoluments which may be in any wise derived 



THE LANCASHIRE CHARTULARY. 349 

therefrom, with entries and exits, and all other liberties, easements, rights 
and dues belonging to that land ; and also the church of the same town 
with its appurtenances, as freely and fully as any other alms within the 
Archbishopric of York may be had and possessed by any religious men. 
And I will and by this my charter confirm that the Prior and monks of 
Durham shall remove and establish Priors and monks there to serve God, 
the blessed Mary, and St. Cuthbert. With warranty against all, both men 
and women. But if any of my heirs or others shall in anywise presume to 
contravene this my gift, may he incur the anger of God, the blessed Mary 
and the glorious confessor St. Cuthbert, and be subject to their vengeance." 

The witnesses to the grant were very numerous. Simon, who was 
probably the chamberlain of the Bishop of Durham, Master Richard de 
Coldingham, Master Henry de Durham, Hugh de Ferte, Master Walter, 
Dean of Pittington, Master Walter de Haddington, Master Robert de 
Edington, Master Walter de Durham, who were all clergy of the diocese 
of Durham. Robert de Stockport and William de Mullum, husbands of 
two of the grantor's daughters ; Robert, son of Henry, lord of Lathom ; 
Richard, son of Robert, his eldest son and heir ; William, son of Swain of 
Carleton and Marton ; Adam, dean of Kirkham ; Richard, clerk of Kirk- 
Poulton or Poulton-le-Fylde. The others were all Durham men, connected 
with the estates of the Bishop and Prior. 

The date of the foundation and of the above charter was undoubtedly 
during the time that John, Count of Mortain, was lord of Lancaster, i.e., 
1189 to 1194, probably nearer the first-mentioned year. 



SERIES XI. CHARTER No. I. 
a.d, 1189-1196. 1-8 Richard I. 

Foundation chabtbb op the priory op Burscouoii, by which Robert, son 
op Henry de Lathom, gave to the canons op St. Nicholas op Burs- 
couoii land in Burscouoii, the town of Martin, the churches op 
Ormskirk, Huyton, and Flixton, the mill of Lathom, and the 
chapel of St. Leonard op Enowsley. 

The Register of JJurscongh, Duchy of Lanr. y Class XL, No. &,fol. 1. 

Notum sit omnibus Sanctas matris ecclesite filiis tarn pnesenti- 
bus quaui futuris, quod ego Robertus filius Henrici, concessu 
hoeredis inei, dedi et concessi et hac presenti carta mea confirmaui 
Deo et ecclesia; beati Nicholai de Burscogh et canonicis ibidem Deo 
regulariter Seruientibus, in purani et perpetuam elemosinam, terrain 
illam quae est in capite de Burscogh, per diuisum terra} Stephani 
calui usque Egacras, inter magnam viam de Wirplesmos et riuulum 
de Egacras vsque ad diuisum inter Ormeschirche et brakenesthweit, 
et sic vsque ad Scarth, et de Scarth. vsque ad Westhefd vsque 



350 THE LANCASHIRE CHARTULARY. 

in riuuhim de Scakeresdalehefd, et sic per riuulum vsque ad 
vaduin qui vadit de Altona vsque ad vrltonam, et de vado illo in 
transuersuin vsque ad diuisum inter Gaufridum Trauers et 
Stephanum caluuin, et totum nemus de Grittebi cum exsartis 
circumiacentibus, Scilicet terrain Roberti carpentarij, cum brakenes- 
tweit et terrani Ricardi Junionis filii Roberti et Anabilloe sponsas 
sua 1 cum terra Matluei filii Baldewini. Dedi eciam eis totam 
villain de Mertona cum omnibus suis pertinenciis, in bosco, in piano, 
in pratis, in pascuis, cum Tharleseogh et omnibus aliis asiamentis. 
Et concessi eis vt habeant curiam suam plenarie cum omnibus 
libertatibus quas ego ipse liabeo. Et dedi eis ecclesiam de Ormes- 
chh die cum omnibus pertinencijs suis, et ecclesiam de Hutona cum 
omnibus pertinencijs suis, et ecclesiam de iHixtona cum omnibus 
pertinencijs suis. Concessi eciam ad necessaria pnedictoruin 
canonicorum Moleiidinum de Lathum et omnia molendina de meo 
doniinico, tarn ea qua* facienda sunt quam ea qua) iam facta sunt, 
Coinmunitatein quoque exituum pascuorum et pessuum omnium 
nemorum meoruni canonicis et hominibus eorum concedo. Dedi 
eciam eis locum Sancti Leonardi de Cnusleu cum pertinencijs suis, 
et liiateriem lignorum omnium nemorum meoruni canonicis et 
hominibus eorum, pneter burgechou, concedo. Totam istam 
pra'dictam eleniosinam ab omnibus consuetudinibus placitis et 
querelis et inquietudinibus ita solutain et quietani et liberam esse 
concedo, sicut vlla elemosina liberior et solucior dari debet vel 
potest. Hanc itaque eleniosinam ego et lueredes mei defendemus 
de forinseco seruicio apud dominos nostros. Hanc vero 
eleniosinam loci pro anima Henrici regis senioris et regiua?, et 
pro anima Henrici regis iunioris, et pro anima Johannis 
Comitis de Mortunc, et pro anima mea et vxoris men*, et pro 
animal >us patris mei et matris mese et omnium antecessorum et 
successorum meoruni. Quicunque vero hanc eleniosinam ad- 
auxerit vel nmnutcnuerit, per pnrtieipacionem illius ecclesiam 
benefieioruin con.sequatur regna cjclorum. Qui vero in aliquo 
violauerit vel infringere temptauerit, cum diabolo et angelis eius 
a-ternis subiaceat pienis, nisi ad emendacionem et satisfactionem 
venerit. Hiis testibus, Roberto Archidiachono Cestrite, Henrico 
Prions de Norton, retro Capellano de J Jury, Willelmo capellano de 
Sancto Leonardo, Patricio de Prestecote, Ricardo filio Henrici, 
Ricardo Walensi, Henrico Trauers, Roberto filio Ricardi, et Ricardo 
fratre eius, Henrico de Radecliue, ( Jilberto filio Walthcf et inultis 
aliis. 



THE LANCASHIRE CHARTULARY. 351 



NOTES. 



The early descents of the Lathoms of Lathom have been elaborated by 
the late George Ornierod in his Parentalia, p. 63, and the results generally 
appear to be justified by the evidence which he quotes from the Inquest 
of co. Lancaster, made in the year 1212 (Testa cfe Nevffl). The essay is 
however, unfortunately marred by an ill-considered attempt (page 65) to prove 
that the wife of Robert, son of Henry, the founder, was the heiress, or 
coheiress of Orm, son of Ailward, the original grantee from the Grelleys, of 
Ashton-under-Lyne, and Dalton, Parbold and Wrightington. Upon this 
more will be said hereafter. Another unsatisfactory statement (page 66) is 
that in which Mr. Ormerod assumes that the Lathoms derived Ormskirk 
from Orm, son of Magnus, whose wife Aliz was the sister of Hervey Walter, 
lord of Weeton, or Witheton, in Amounderness. As the estates with which 
this marriage was endowed reverted to the chief lords, the Butlers of 
Ireland (Testa de Nevill, Vol. II., ff. 818, 790) it seems much safer to assume 
that the heirs begotten of this union died without issue. (See Series V, No. 
IV, Notes.) It is a generally recognised fact that a church and parish exist- 
ing in the twelfth century were of Saxon or pre-conquest foundation. The 
tradition, if such ever existed, that Ormskirk was founded by, and derived 
its name from the above-mentioned Orm, is the wild invention of a credulous 
and uncritical mind, and can only be perpetuated by such. 

Robert, son of Henry, the founder of Burscough Priory, appears to be 
named in the Pipe Roll of 15 Henry II., 1168-9 (p. 12), as having contributed 
10 marks to the aid granted in 1166 to marry Matilda, the King's eldest 
daughter. He married firstly before the year 1178, a lady whose name has 
not been preserved, and secondly ■, Aniabil, daughter of Simon, who survived 
him, and was suing her stepson Richard, son of Robert de Lathom, for her 
dower, in the King's Court, about Midsummer, 1199. By line made 29th 
Oct., 1199, she obtained Knowsley and Anlezargh for term of her life. 

The Testa de Nevill thus refers to this foundation. " The said Robert 
. . . made a certain house of religion, to wit Burescoch, and gave one 
carucate of land to the said house in alms." (Vol. II., f. 812.) The carucate 
of land was the township of Marton. The following is an abstract of the 
charter. 

" Be it known to all the sons of holy mother church, present and to come, 
that I, Robert, son of Henry, by the consent of my heir have given, &c, in 
frankalmoign, to God and the church of the blessed Nicholas of Burscough, 
and the canons there by rule serving God, that land which is at the head of 
Burscogh, along the boundary of the land of Stephen the Bald unto Egacres, 
between tho high road of Wirplesmos (? near Cross Hall) and the 
stream of Egacres unto the boundary between Ormeschirche (Ormskirk) and 
Brakenes-thweit (Brackenthwaite), and so unto Scarth (Scarth Hill) and 
from Scarth unto Westheft (Westhead) and to the brook of Scakeresdale- 
hefd (Scath-acres-dale-head ?), and so by the brook (Castle brook or Park 
brook) unto the ford which leads from Alton (Dalton) to Urlton (Harlton, 
oli/a Hurleton), and from that fold across to the boundary between Geoffrey 
Travers and Stephen the Bald, and the whole underwood of Grittebi 
(Greetby) with the riddings which lie around it, to wit, the land of Robert 



.352 THE LANCASHIRE CHARTDLAKY. 

the Carpenter, with Rrakenestweit, and land of Richard, younger son of 
Robert and Amabil his wife, together with the land of Matthew son of 
Baldwin, I have also given them the whole town of Merton (a lost township, 
through which Martin lane passes, now involved in Burscough), with all its 
appurtenances, in wood and plain, meadows and feeding grounds, with 
Tharlescogh (Tarlscough) and all other easements. I also grant that they 
may have their court with all the lil>erties which I myself have. I have also 
given them the church of Onneschirche, and the church of Huton (Huyton), 
and the church of Flixton, with all their appurtenances. I have also granted 
for the requirements of the said canons, my mill of Lathum and all the mills 
of my demesne lands, both those which may be, and those which liave been 
made. And I grant to the canons and their men a share of the issues of the 
eatage and pmnage of all my underwoods. Also I have given them the 
place of St. Leonard of Cnusleie (Knowsley) with its appurtenances, and I 
grant to the canons and their men firewood in all my underwoods 
except Burgechou. I give these alms, free from all dues, pleas, or disturb- 
ance, and defended by myself and my heirs against forinsec service to our 
lords, for the souls of King Henry the elder (i>., the Second), and his Queen, 
King Henry the younger (/.e., Prince Henry), and John, Count of Mortune, 
and for my own, and my wife's soul, and for the souls of my father, mother, 
ancestors and successors. Whosoever shall increase or maintain this my gift, 
may he, by participation of the benefits of that church, win the heavenly 
kingdoms, but whosoever shall in any wise injure, or attempt to despoil it, 
may he suffer eternal torments with the devil and his angels, unless he repent 
and make full amendment." 

Witnesses — Robert, Archdeacon of Chester, who held that office from 1149 
to 1192; Henry, Prior of Norton (1178-1100); Peter, chaplain of Bury; 
William, chaplain of St. Leonard, of Knowsley ; Patrick, [parson] of 
Prestcote ; Richard, son of Henry, ancestor of the Torbock family, and 
brother of the grantor ; Richard le Waleys, lord of Aughton, and Up Lither- 
land ; Henry Travels, a free tenant in Lathoni ; Robert, son of Richard, and 
Richard his brother, probably sons of Richard de Torbock ; Henry de 
Radelifte, ancestor of the Radcliffes of RidcliiFe ; and Gilbert, son of 
Waldeve, of Walton, near West Derby, master Serjeant of the Wapentake of 
West Derbv. 

As legards the date of this charter, the dedication of the gift for the 
health of the soul, amongst others, of Count John, points to the Honor of 
Lancaster as having been then bestowed upon the Count, while the omission 
of King Richard's name points to a date before that monarch's accession to 
the Crown. These limits if reliable would give a date between Midsummer 
and September, llHf). In any ease the presence of Gilbert, son of Waldeve, 
fixes the date before* Michaelmas, HOG, when his heir fined for his relief 
(]>age 90). Rut again, the presence of Henry, Prior of Norton, makes the 
year 11 1)0 a more probable limit. The latter's presence, coupled with the 
fact that the grantor held Knowsley and its members of the Constable of 
Chester, suggests that the canons established at Rurscough came from 
Norton, co. Chester, a house of August in ian canons, of the same order as this 
new foundation. 



THE LANCASHIRE CHARTULARY. 353 

SERIES XL CHARTER No. II. 
A.D. 1189-1198. 1-9 Richard I. 

CONFIBMATION BY ROBERT SON OP HfiNBY DE LATHOM TO HENRY BON OP 

Alan, clerk, op lands and liberties which Henry, Prior op Bros- 

COUGH, HAD GIVEN TO HIM. 

Duchy of Lane., Ancient Deeds, L 647. 

Sciat pfeentes "j fut r i qd ego Robt 9 fili 9 Henrici gcessi * 3 
liac psenti carta mea 9firmaui Henrico filio alani clerici • *j 
heredib) suis tras 3 libtates q a s heric 9 p j or de Burgastub 
pdicto lierico *j heredib) suis bdit p 6i sctari seruicio q ! te 
excepto seruicio qd I carta sua noTauit • Hii §t testes * Witt 
capellan 9 • Beomard 9 fit ft • Witt b prestecot • Ric t'uers • 
Rod b Raineford Ro£ fit Vlfi • Rob fit Ric • Rad b 
Raineford -j intti alii. 

Large seal of white wax, broken and illegible. 

NOTES. 

In this charter we probably have mention of the first Prior of Burscough, 
Henry by name, who had granted to Henry, son of Alan, clerk, and his 
heirs certain lands and liberties, quit of all secular service except the service 
named in his charter. Which gift is herein confirmed by Robert, son of 
Henry, lord of Lathom and original grantor to the Priory. The witnesses 
are William, the chaplain, perhaps of St. Leonard of Knowsley ; Bernard, 
son of H[enry ?] ; William de Prestcote ; Richard Travers of Whiston ; Ranulf 
de Rainford ; Roger, son of Ulf, lord of Hurleston ; Robert, son of Richard, 
perhaps of Tarbock ; and Ralph de Rainford. 



SEMES XL CHARTER No. III. 
a.d. 1198-1208. 9 Richard— 10 John. 

Certipicate from Boger son of IIenby, and Hbnby son of Bebnabd, THAT 

THEY HAD GRANTED THE CHUBCH OP FL1XTON TO HENBY SON OP RlCHABD 
CLERK, FOB THE TBBM OP HIS LIFB. 

Duchy of Lane, Ancient Deeds, L 663. 

Vniusis See Matris Ecctie Filiis Has lit'tas visuris til 

Audituris Roger 9 fili 9 Hnrici -j HnriS fit Iflnardi Salt • 1 

duo * Vnitfsitati ure duxim 9 significand nos pio Caritatis 

Ituilu libair q'ntu ad nos ptinet Concessisse dedisse 3 fmtsi 

2 a 



354 



THE LANCASHIRE f'HAKTULAUY. 



Carta nra Qfinnassc Hnrico fito Ilicardi Ctico Ecctiam de 
Flixton cu oi'l>3 ptinceiis suis *j reb) ad earn ptinetib} Habnda 
*j tcnend: sibi I pursi "j ppetufi Eleinotrinsi oib} dieb) vite sue " 
vt an Hec nra gcessio donate ) *j Qfirmaco firnia pseueret 
I poster *j Tniutabit : eil psnli sc'pto *j sigillo* nro& apposi- 
cone dignfi duxini 9 corroborare * Hiis testib} • Diio 11 • Abfce 
de Funics • I)'? Cartinett *j de Lone pWib) Magro RTc de 
Ma risen * Rob de AValetoii p" * pat'cio de Presteeote • (iilfeto fit 
Rein!? * Witto pinc'tia Rie lit Robti Ro«-o de Midclt 
Alexandrn de Pilkintofi • Himoo Noriisi • Witto Bludclt • 
Kt niltis Aliis. 

Sral ofbrincii wax dhjhlhf bivhn — ? a jlrnr de lis. Inscription 

sigilt/uo • FIUI HEXRICI. 

The othn- sail is wihitiny. 



NOTES. 

In tlu» Inquest of en. Lancaster, made 1212, we read : "The same Albert 
[Uredlc, senior] gave to Henry, son of Si ward, one carueateof land in FJixton 
by [the yearly service of] 10*." The heirs hold that land." (Vol. H.,fol. 823.) 
This represented only a moiety of the township, but included the church. The 
other moiety was held in chief by the elder line of 11 niton of Hulton. 

By the aliove charter, Roger, son of Henry, a younger brother, as I 
suppose, of Richard de Torbock, and Ileury, son of Bernard, perhajw his 
nephew, of Parbold, " inspired by affection, gave to Henry, son of Richard 
de Torbock, clerk, the church of Flixton with its appurtenances and possce- 
pioiiH, to hold in pure alms for the term of his life." The witnesses were 
R[ol>ert tie Denton], abbot of Furness ; the priors of Cartinel and Lancaster ; 
Master Richard de Marcys, clerk in the Chancery, and Bishop of Durham in 
1217 ; Ttoliert de Walton, parson [of Walton, near West Derby] ; Patrick de 
Prestt'ote [parson of the same] ; Gilbert fitz Reinfred, who was Sheriff of 
Jjaut-aster for fi(»me years from Easter, 120f> ; William le Boteler of Warring- 
on ; Richard, son of Rolicrt, lord of Lathom ; Roger de Middlcton, of Middle- 
ton in Salfordshire ; Alexander de Pilkington of the same; Hugh le Norreys 
of Blackrod ; William Rlundell of Ince Blundell, and others. The date was 
most likely between 1205 and 1208, as appears by the following acknowledg- 
ment touching the right of presentation to Flixton exercised in thw 
chatter. 



TI1E LANCASHIRE CHAKTULATtY. 355 

SERIES XI. CHARTER No. IV. 
a.d. 1198-1208. 9 Richard— 10 John. 

Acknowledgment op recognitors addressed to Geoffrey, Bisnor of 
Coventry and Licufield, certifying that tiie next presentation to 
the church of Flixton belonged to Roger, son o? Henry, and 
Hk.yicy, son of Bernard, and requesting him to admit their clerk 
ul'on their presentation. 

Duchy of Lane, Ancient Deeds, L GIG. 

VeiVabili pr [nro] I xpo kino * * di gra Couet Ep° Sui 
Deuoti Ric de Werckect Rog do Midelt Hugo Norriisis 
Helia de IVnifcri Ilnric 9 de Ruri WiHs do Redeclif Alex 
de pilkitoii Ric Waliisis Witts Blfidelt • Jfnr fucrs Had 
de Stanhedis Iliirie 9 de Tmitbrd Salt etna I diio via nouit 
excetincia nos ex pcepto D'fni Reg p sac a ment nrni recogno- 
uisse Hnricu film Sywerdi vltimo I tpr pacis Ecctia de flixton 
donasse • Cui Jure Hlditario Rog fit Hnriei *j Hiiric 9 fit 
Iffnardi succedut Ad (j°s Jus pat°nat 9 Ecclie illi 9 ptinet q» 
^ tficr 3 ver[i pat]roni ad Eectiam de flixton q uacas t • 
Hnricu filiu Rici Cl?icu pkntant *] cora Magro- Ric Cl?ico 
I)?ni Reg "j philipp de OiTebi Justic Cestr *] Gilfeto filio 
Renifri *] cora nob p'us psntauert • vram g 9sulndo 
admonem 9 exceltucia q a tin 9 p diuine Caritatis Ituitu eii ad 

psntacoeni eoa admitte uol scdm 9stitucoem Regni 

faPe debetis * vat Celttud ura. 

Three seals of white wax, much worn. — (1) Inscription — + 
SIOIL. HEN RIC I ; (2) A jlenr de lis, Inscription broken off; (3) 
Broken and illegible. 

NOTES. 

The presentation made in the last charter appears to have l)een opposed 
by the Prior of Burscough, to whom the church of Flixton had been given by 
Robert, son of Henry de Lathom as part of the original endowment of the 
Priory. It is not easy to fathom the intricacies of title caused by the com- 
plicated sub-infeudati< ns of early times, but one thing is clear, that the 
dispute between the Prior and those who claimed the right to next presenta- 
tion had been taken into the King's Court, with the result that a precept had 
been issued directing the Sheriff to summon a jury of grand astize to view the 
premises, and to return their finding or verdict. The above is the letter or 
certificate which was directed to the Bishop as a result of the judgment 
of the King's Court upon the verdict of the recognitoi-s. It reads as 
follows : — 

" To the venerable father in Christ our dearly beloved Geoffrey by the 

2 A 2 



356 THE LANCASHIRE CHARTULARY. 

grace of God Bishop of Coventry, his devoted servants Richard de Werckedfle] 
(Worsley), Roger de Midelton, Hugh le Norreys, Elias de Peniburi, Henry 
<le Buri, William de Redeolif, Alexander de Pikinton (Pilkington), Richard 
le Waleys, William Blundell, Henry Travel's, Ralph de Stanhedis (Standish), 
Henry de Tra fiord, send greeting in our Lord everlasting. Let your excel- 
lency know that by precept of the lord King, we by our oaths have recog- 
nized that. Henry, son of Sywerd, last presented in the time of peace to the 
church of Flixton. To whom by right of inheritance, linger, son of Henry, 
and Henry, son of Bernard, succeed, to whom the right of patronage of that 
church belongs, who also as the true pat ions are presenting to the church of 
Klixton, which is void, Henry, son of Richard, their clerk, and have pre- 
viously presented him before Master Richard [de Marreys], clerk of the 
lord King, and Philip de Orrebi, Justiciar of Chester, and Gilbert fitz 
Reinfrid, and before us. Wherefore we advisedly suggest to your excellency 
that for divine respect of love you will permit him to l>e admitted to their 
presentation, as according to the constitution of the Kingdom you ought to 
do. Kare well your highness. ;) 

Geoffrey de Muschamp was consecrated Rishop of Coventry and Lichfield 
21st June, 1 108. He died Gth OctoWr, 1208. The date of this letter there- 
fore lies between tho.se years. The recognitors or jurors were all important 
Lancashire men. Henry de Bury does not often occur, he may have been 
either father, or Younger brother of Adam, lord of Bur>* in 1212. Henrv. 
son of Si ward, who had last presented, was of course the father of the founder 
of Rurscough. His heirs, after the f < Hinders death, appear to have been the 
hitter's younger brother Roger, and iiossibly his nephew Henry, who seems 
to be the Henry, son of Bernard, lord of Rarbold, who made numerous grants 
to the Priory. The clerk whom they presented was undoubtedly Henry, a 
voun< r cr son of Richard do Tarbock, for he afterwards, as Henrv de Tarbock. 
clerk, released all his rights in the church of Klixton to the Priory (/). of Z., 
Anc. Deeds, L. G17). The supposition that Henry, son of Bernard, was 
probably a cadet of the house of I>athom is strengthened by the occurrence 
among the witnesses to No. IT. of his father (?), Bernard, son of H., whose 
name I have ventured to extend as " Hcni"v. w 



SERIES XII. CHARTER No. I. 
a.d. 1180-1184. 2G-30 Hexky II. 

Grant [on Confirmation*?] by William de Lancaster TI to the brethren 

OP CoNISHKAD, OF THE LAND OF COKISUEAD AND TRINKELD, AND GRANT 
OF THE CHURCH OF ULVERSTON, AND FORTY ACRES OF LAND IN UlYEBSTON, 
A SALT PIT, RIGHT OF TURBARY, COMMON OF PASTURE IN ULVERSTON, AND 
ACQUITTANCE OF TANNAGE IN HIS UNDERWOODS OF FUBNESS. 

Duchy of Lanr.y llvyul Ch/n-tur iVt>. 229. 1 

[Sciinl priesentes et futuri quod ego] Willelmus de Loncastre 
[di'di et coneessij I>eo et snnc-tte Mariiu et doinui de 

1 Soe also Tatent of 12 Kclward II, Pt. 1, m. 22. 




falE LANCASHIRE CHARTULARY. 357 

Cuningesheued et fratribus ibidem habitantibus totum 
Cuningesheued cum tota terra dicta? domui pertinente, scilicet 
terra ex utraque parte viie qure vadit de Berdeseye et tendit 
versus Uluereston, et de magna via Regis usque ad Hindekeld, 1 et 
deinde usque ad ripam maris, et Ecclesia de Uluereston cum 
capellis et omnibus pertinentiis suis, et quadraginta acris terra? 
in campo de Uluereston iuxta terrain pried ic tor urn fratrum, et 
una salina inter domum de Cuningesheued et Uluerestune 
pul, et turbis de turbario meo quantum opus fuerit ad domum 
de Cuniugeslieued et ad salinam pnedictam sustinendam ; et 
pastura et inortuo bosco ultra landam de I'lumbtun ; et 
materia et omnibus necessariis qua! dict;e domui suflicere possunt 
de bosco meo de ffurnays, et communa pastime cum toto com- 
muni aysiamento quae pertinent ad terrain meam de Uluereston. 
[Concessi etiain quod] pnedicti fratres sint quieti de pannagio 
porcorum suorum per totum boscum meum de ffurnays ; 
[Habenda et tenenda omnia pnedicta cum omnibus pertinentiis 
suis pnudictis fratribus et eorum successoribus inperpetuum, in 
liberam, puram et perpetuam elemosinam, adeo libere sicut aliqua 
elemosina liberius et quietius dari potest vel concedi. Ego verb 
pra*dictus Willelmus et hieredes mei omnia praxlicta cum 
pertinentiis suis pnedictis fratribiA et successoribus suis contra 
omnes liomines warrantizabimus, et impeq)etuum defendemus. 
In cujus rei testimonium, etc.] 

NOTES. 

Some uncertainty exists as to the true founder of the Hospital of 
Conishead. In a Feodary of the Duchy of Lancaster, quoted by Dodsworth 
(MS., Vol. CXXXI, f. 1-84), it is stated that Gamel de Penyngton was the first 
founder in the time of Henry II. In the confirmation of Edward II, made 
in the 12th year of his reign, the King confirms to the canons of Conishead 
the gift which Gamell de Penygton made to the canons of the same place 
(j'.e., (Jouyngeslieved) "of the church of Penigton with the appurtenances, 
and the church of Molcastre (now Muncaster, co. Cumb.) with the chapels 
and all other appurtenances, and the church of Wytebec (now AVhitbeck, 
co. Cumb.) with the appurtenances, and the church of Sker-overton (now 
Orton, co. Westm.) with all the appurtenances, and Pultone with its 
rightful boundaries." The probability that he was the first founder is 
strengthened by the fact that Roger, Archbishop ' of York, who died 
in 1181, confirmed the churches of Pennington, Muncaster, and Whitbeck 
to the bretluen of the Hospital of Conishead, thus fixing the date of the 

1 Trandekeld. Pat 12 Edw. II. 



-•58 THE LANCASHIRE CIIARTULAKY. 

foundation sometime before that year. (See No. IV.) Pultone was Poulton 
in Jjonsdale, which John, Prior of this house, released to William de Paries 
by tine levied at Lancaster in 1235 (Lam:. Filial Concord*, p. G3). 15cnet, son 
of the said (iamel, afterwards confirmed the gift of the church of Muncaster. 
(See No. III.) l>y others the foundation of this house has been attributed to 
William de I*iucaster II, who was lord, or reputed baron of Kendal from 
1170 to J 184. lie richly endowed this house with lands in Ulverston, as 
appears from the documents comprised in this series, but it is quite 
possible that the first jxirt of ( 'barter No. I. is really a confirmation by the 
chief lord of GameFs original gift. The estate therein described adjoins 
the township of Pennington, and the dedication clause seems to refer to the. 
canons as being already established in their house of Uonvngesheved. It 
is unfortunate that the originals of these grants have not been found, nor 
any Chartulary of the Priory, so that uncertainty upon this point is likely to 
continue. It 1ms even been necessary, in order to present to the reader the 
form of these gifts, to attempt a reconstruction of the originals from the 
abbreviated forms preserved in the Confirmation of Edward II. The 
interest which attaches to the reconls of the foundation of this house must 
be a sufficient excuse for the liberty which has been taken. 

In the above grant, a 4 given in the Patent Roll of 12 Edward II, 
William de Lancaster II gives to Ci»k1 and St. Mary and the house 
of Conynge.sheved (now Conishcad), and to the brethren dwelling there 
the whole of Uonvngesheved with all the land belonging to the said 
house, namely, on either side of the road which leads from Berdesey 
(Hardsey) and extends towards Ulverston, and from the KiDg's highway 
(Ijetweeu Ulverston and Dal ton) unto Tnmdekcld (now Trinkeld), and 
thence to the sea shore ; 'and the church of Ulverston with its chapels and 
all appurtenances (which would probably include ITawkshead chapel, see 
No. IV.), and forty acres of land in the town-Held of Ulverston near the 
said brethren's land, and a salt pit between the house of ( onyngesheved and 
Ulverstone-pule (now ( -arterpool), and turves out of the grantor's turbary 
sufficient for the use of the said house and the working of the salt pit, and 
]>asturage. and dead wood (for fuel) from beyond the Lauud of Plunibton, and 
building material out of his woodlands in Kornays (Kurness), and all 
necessaries to suffice for the requirements of that house, and common of 
pasture belonging to his land of Ulverston, and common right in all 
easements there. He also granted that the said brethren should be quit of 
the pannage of all their pigs throughout all his underwoods of Fornays 
(i.e., that their pigs should feed upon the mast within his woods, free from 
payment of the usual charge for that liberty). 

The date of this charter was before 1184, in which year the grantor died. 
Probably it lay between 1 180 ami 1184. 



1 From this point the charter undoubtedly expresses a grunt of land and 
tenements, parcel of the Ulverston demesne, and not a confirmation of a 
previous grant of laud* held under de Lancaster bv service. 



THE LANCASHIRE CHARTULARY. 359 



SERIES XII. CHARTElt No. II. 
a.d. 1180-1184. 26-30 Henry II. 

Grant by William de Lancaster II. to the canons of Conishead of a 

PORTION OP THE DEMESNE OP UlVERSTON, LYING AT GA8COW, WITH 
COMMON BIGHT IN FOUR HUNDRED ACRES OF LAND IN PLUMPTON PARK, 
AND OTHER EABEMENT8. 

Duchy of Lane, Class XL , Comhcv of Furness, fol. 165. 

Seiant priesentes et futuri quod ego Willelmus de Loneastre 
decli [et] eoncessi Deo et ecclesiee Beatre Marue de Conyngeshevcde 
et Canonicis ibidem Deo [servientibus] quandani partem terras [de 
dominico] meo jacente apud [Garscowe] in villa de Ulver[ston 
propinquiorem terra*] prajdictoruin Cano[nicorum infra has] 
divisas, incipiendo [apud Gars]chownab quod [est inter terrain 
niadidam] et siccam, et sic [sequendo] niagnum ace[rvum 

lijnialiter usque [in] occi[dcntem] et sic [sequendo 

vi]ain versus s *. scleboten ad d[ivisas pnedictorum] 

Canonicorum. De[di etiam eisdem] comuniam pastime i[n omni- 
bus pas]cuis et pasturis meis in [villa] de Ulverston, videlicet 
in viis, semitis, planis, campis, et turbariis, ad communicandum 
cum omnimodis averiis suis temporibus tocius anni. Concessi 
etiam eisdem comuniam pastune et inortuum boscum in quad- 
ringentis acris terra 1 infra coopertum de Plumton, et turbas de 
turbario meo de Plumton, quantum opus fuerit ad domuni de 
Conigeshevede et salinas su&s sustiuendas; Habenda et tenenda 
omnia pnedicta cum omnibus suis pertinentiis dictis Canonicis et 
eorum successoribus inperpetuum, in liberam, purain et perpetuam 
elemosinam, adeo libere sicut aliqua elemosina liberius et quietius 
dari poterit vel concedi. Ego vero pra*dietus Willelmus et lueredes 
mei omnia pried icta cum pertinentiis dictis Canonicis et succes- 
soribus suis contra omnes homines warantizabimus et defendemus 
inperpetuum. In cujus rei testimonium, etc. 

NOTES. 

By this grant William de Lancaster II. augmented the propeity of the 
can on h of Conishead by the addition of the estate of Garscowe (now Gascow), 
lying between Conishead and Ulverston. The page of the Furness Coucher 
upon which this charter is recoi-ded, lias been mutilated by the removal of an 
illuminated initial letter, consequently it is .difficult to follow the details of 



360 TttE LANCASHIRE CHAUTULARY. 

the boundary. Apparently it commenced at a point to the east of Gascow, 
where the moss and haitl land met, and followed a ridge of ground in a 
straight line to some mark on the west, from thence it followed a road, 
ditch, or other feature back to the boundary of the canons' land, enclosing the 
estate of Gascow. The grantor also gave them common of pasture in all his 
feeding grounds and pastures in the territory of the town of Ulverston, to 
common with all manner of beasts at all times of the year, and common 
right and dead wood for fuel in four hundred acres of land within the 
enclosure or Park of Plmiiton, and turves from his turbary in Plum ton as 
much as they might require for the use of their house of Conyngesheved, and 
for their salt pits. 

The estate of Gascow lies between the original estate of (Jonishead, and 
a third addition to those estates, described in a charter of William de 
Lancaster III. (1220-1246) in which he granted to this house, which had then 
attained to the degree of a Priory, all his land within these bounds, 
" beginning at the sea shore where the King's highway leaves Leven sands, 
following that road to the high road which runs from Swenebroc towards 
Ulverston, along that road unto the head of Garthscohlac (Gascow leach), so 
descending by Garthscohlac to the highway which runs from ( -unyngesheved 
to Ulverston, following the same road unto the head of the arable land 
towards Ulverston, so following around Garthseoh between the hard land 
and the wet unto the moss, and so going down by the moss unto the brook 
which runs down from Garthscoh, following the same unto Ulverston, and so 
going down by Ulverston-pul to the sea shore aforesaid, and so across by 
the shore unto the said raid where it leaves the shore, and so from the shore 
at their salt pits as aforesaid." These boundaries appear to enclose a con- 
siderable extent of ground lying to the N.E. of Gascow, known at the 
present day as Oxen Holme, and bringing the possessions of the Priory 
close to the open fields of Ulverston. 



SERIES XII. CHASTER No. III. 
A.D. 1180-1199. 

Confirmation by Bbnet de Pennington to tub Hospital of St. Maky of 

CONLSHBAD, OF THE C1IUBC1I OF MUNCASTKK AND CHAPEL OF St. ALDE- 
BUKU. 

Duchy of Lane, Aiicicnt Deeds, L 579. 

Omib3 See matris eccte filiis la psentil>3 <[*m futuris * to • 
de penlgtii * Sat • Notfi sit uob me concessisse *j hac inca carta 
9tirinasse 9cedente Alano herede meo hospitali See marie de 
Cimlgeshot "j ei 9 de loci frilrj ecciam de molecastre "j capellii 
See Aldeburge cu omib3 ptinenciis suis in pura "j ppetua 
elemosina p salute anime mee *) uxoris nice Anneis 3 omiu 
parentii nro* * tl donatio facta f in facie toci 9 eapti lancastrie * 



tfHE Lancashire chartulary. 361 

His testib3 • Magistro Tebaldo uice Archidiacono • Ada decano • 
Ada de kirkebi lonesdale • Achardo de kirkebikendale * Danielo 
de Aldlgha • Eog'o de kirkebi Irlid * Rofeto de Vlfeftun ' 
Witto de Wartu • Robto de p?stun " Jtogo de heueresheim * 
Radulfo de hesheim * Robto de gairstag. 

Endorsed. — benedieti ct ponigtu. Coupland. 

Seed wanthiy. 

NOTES. 

" To all the sons of holy mother church, present and to come, Benet 
(Benedictus) de Wellington sends greeting. Know ye that I have granted 
and by this my charter confirmed — with the consent of Alan my heir — to 
the Hospital uf St. Mary of Cuningeshof, and the brethren of the same 
place, the church of Molecastre and chapel of St. Aldeburge, with all its 
appurtenances in pure and perpetual alms for the health of my soul, and of 
my wife Anneis (Anice) and of all our jwirents. This gift was made in the 
fat e of the whole chapter of Lancaster, with these witnesses, Master Theobald, 
vice -Archdeacon (of Richmond) ; Adam, dean (of Kirkham) ; Adam (parson) 
of Kirkebi-Lonesdale ; A chard, (parson) of Kirkebi-Kendale ; Daniel 
(parson) of Aldingham ; Roger (|)arson) of Kirkebi-Irlid (Irleth) ; Robert 
(parson) of Ulfestun ; William (parson) of Wartuii ; Robert (parson) of 
Prestun ; Roger (parson) of Heueresheim (Heversham) ; Ralph (parson) of 
Hesheim (Heysliam) ; and Robert (parson) of Gairstang." 

It may be asked upon what grounds all these persons are called " ])arson " 
of the places named. The answer is, that not unfrequently the names of 
clergy appear, in attesting charters of this period, without the addition in 
a single instance of the title of parson or clerk. In this case the charter 
says that it was executed " in the face of the whole chapter of Lancaster," 
consequently many of the clergy present would have attested it. Moreover, 
Daniel of Aldingham, Robert of Preston in Amounderness, and Robert of 
Garstang, occur in contemporary charters as clergy of these respective 
churches. (See p. 338 ante.) 

Benet, the grantor, was the eldest son of Gamel dc Pennington, the original 
donor to Conishead. The fact that he confirms his father's grant, with the 
consent of AJan his son and heir, points to the fact that Muucaster came to his 
father by marriage with an heiress of that place. William de Lancaster I. 
gave the town of Muncaster to Furness, as appears in Series IV, Charter 
No. III., but the monks of that place lost possession of the town during the 
troubles which characterized the reign of Stephen. To whom it afterwards 
passed, and how it came to Gamel de Pennington, does not appear. The 
date may be any time between 1180 and 1199, probably about 1190, as the 
Hospital had not yet attained to the degree of a Priory. 



362 TIIK LANCASHIRE CHARTULAttY. 

SEMES XII. CHAETE11 No. IV. 
A.D. 11 08-1208. 9 UiciiARD— 10 John. 

composition between the ajibot of fckxkss and the prior of co xi she ad 
touching the chirches of ulverston and pennington, and thb 8itb 
of the rutouy of conishead, claimed by the former, and touching 
the Chapel of IFawksiibad and fishery of Deb total, claimed by the 
latter, whereby each party released 118 respective claim to thb 

OTHER. 

Duchy of Lane, Ancient Deeds, L 400. 



Yniusis ta i>sentil>5 q 1 Futuris • ad q°s littc istc pueffint t 
T • Prior • *j Canonici • I)c Cuniggesh * Salt In duo • Noiiit 
vniusitas vra * qd cil in? Dnm Aboein *j Conuentu De 
Fumes' • *j Xos • sup Eccliis * De Vlvestvii • 3 Penigtvn 
quns ad sua ecctiam do Vrswich dicebat ptiiVe * Itc sup loco 
in quo sita est domus hra questio uteret r :' tandc Mediantib} 
viris niagnis ~j discretis * de consilio etia Dopni Savigffi • 3 
Alio* Abbin ordinis Cisterciensis * in hue niodu quicuit • 
Ipsi siquide Abbas *] Monaclii ad pauptate firaui piii habentes 
respect fi ) volentes ut in loco firo ordo pul lulet Canonico* i 
sup pdietis oiTiibus nobis ippetuu remisere querelani • 
Concedentes vt easde Eeelias in vsus iiros integre gfttam 9 
qualil eis ipsas posside lic'fet * si cuinci gtigisset • Cum 
ecclia de Vrscwich ad quani eas ptiiVe contendebat • auctori- 
tate Dni pape (Vlcstini * parit *j 9scnsu Magistri • H " 
Arcliidiacnui Picheinund • in suos vsus cu vniusis sit 
ptinentiis assignata * Xos q°q3 ex parte al?a querelani 
qua Qtra ipos habuini 9 sup Capella de Hovkesete "j 
Piscaria de Depestal Ippetuii eis reiuisim 9 • Ad liec absqj 
eoa pinissione nunierii ' xiij • Canonico* • nequacr* nobis 
excedere " nee curVumq} 9ditionis niulierc ad cohabitandu 
adinit'te * nee de ha alicui 9 que ad feodum suum de 
Fumes ptineat * sine eo^ gscnsu recipe licebit nisi forte 
de ha de Vluestvn • quani * U • fili 9 Eogi 3 sui teneut • 
de qua tainen 11011 vltra terciam })artein recipiem 9 • et tuc 
etiani ut debitii seruiciii sit eis saluuin • 3 indepnitas domus 
de Funics in ornib} conseruet 1 " * Erit autem inppetuu inter 
ipsos •] 110s • quedfi mutua fraterne caritutis societas * vt 
si eis quelibet cnicrserit necessitas : nos requisiti Scdm qd 
Diis nobis inspiraiiit 9siliu ■] auxiliiun inpendem 9 ' Ij>si quoq; 



THE LANCASHIRE CIIARTULARV. 363 

in nria negociis requisiti uiceni nobis mutuam sunt repensuri * 
Soluem 9 autein p bono pads inppetuii cisdein Monachis * 
({uincpiaginta solidos * MedietatC* ad pentecost • *j Medietate 
ad festil beati Martini * Hiis Testily * Dopnis " It ' de 
Saviimeio • Witto de Jorevalle * lindicto de straford • Dauid 
de Caldra * Witto de Hoiiand • ubbatib} * Magro * H • 
Arehidiacono Iticlieiiiund * Gillebto tilio lto£i ' Magro * 
: J * officiali lticheniund * Jlogevo persona de kyrkebi * 
Witto capellano vicario de Daltona * It. de Kent ctico * 
It * de stivetun * A • de Austwic * ~j Multis aliis tain cticis 
quain laicis; 

Endorsed. — Coniposieio inV nos et cauonicos De kunegesft 
De ecotiis de vluestun *] l'enitun. 

There were originulh/ two seals, one now wanting; the other 
resir.ii shaped, of brown v:ad\ bearing a fieur de lis, and the 
inscription— + SIGILL CONVeNT[US DG CONINGJG- 
SI)6FD. 

NOTES. 

The position of the house of Conishead upon land over which its ]K>weiful 
neighbours, the monks of Furness, possessed the lordship, was one which was 
not likely to continue long without interference by the dominant home. In 
the hist years of the 12th century, this danger appeared in the form of a 
dispute touching the churches of Ulverston and Pennington, which the 
monks of Furness claimed as belonging to their church of Urswick, as also 
touching the site of the Priory uj>on land which was jwirt of the fee of the 
great Cistercian Abbey. At last, however, by the mediation of certain discreet 
persons of note, and by the advice of the abbot of Savigny, the head of that 
abbey, and other abbots of the Cistercian order, the monks of Furness having 
respect to the poverty of the canons of Conishead, and willing to suffer the 
settlement of the order of canons regular of St. Augustine which had taken 
root in that place, relinquished their claim to the said churches and 
granted that the said canons should convert them to their own use. On 
the other side T., the Prior and the canons of Conishead relinquished their 
claim to the chapel of Houkesete (Hawkshead) and the fishery of Depestal, and 
agreed that the number of their canons should never exceed thirteen, except 
by permission, that no woman of any degree wliatsoever should be admitted to 
dwell with them, and that they should not receive any gift of land within the 
. said monks' fee of Furness without their consent, except only of the land of 
Ulverston which Gilbert fitz Koger (titz Reinfred) and his tenants held, and of 
that not more than the third part, the due service of which should be surely 
rendered without fail to the house of Furness. Further that they would dwell 
together in brotherly love, giving each other counsel and aid in any matters 



o 



04 THK LANCASHIRE CIIAltTULAltY. 



which might arise. Finally for the sake of peace the canons under* 
took to pay yearly to the monks of Farness r>0i., by equal instalments at 
Pentecost and St. Martin. This coni]>osition was witnessed by the following 
persons of note — The lord abbots II. of Savigny, William of Jervaux, 
Ben net of Stratford Langthorne, co. Essex ; David, of (.-alder ; William of 
Holland Bridge in Lincolnshire; Master llonori us, Archdeacon of Richmond; 
(iilbert, son of linger fitz Reinfred; Master John, Official of Richmond ; 
Roger, parson of Kirkby Irleth ; William the chaplain, vicar of Dalton in 
Furness ; Richard de Kent, clerk ; R. de Stiveton ; Akarias de Austwick, 
and many others both clergy and laymen. 

From the occurrence of William, Abl>ot of Jervaux, who is known to have 
Wen ablntt in 1I!)H, and of llonori us, Archdeacon of Rich mond, who held 
that office for a few months in I1!)K, we seem to have reason to date thin 
agreement in that year. We know from L<\ Xevc* Fasti that the Dean of 
York protested against the appointment of llonori us, and King Richard 
granted the office to Roger de St. Edmund. In the Fine Roll of the first year 
of John about the 29th May, 1 1 051, we find the said Roger proffering to the 
King £100 for power to exercise his office of Archdeacon against Honorius 
(op. c/V., j). 2), but two years later Honorius came and made a larger offer, 
viz., 300 marks for the King's letters of protection, and for jx>wer to use hi* 
right over the Archdeaconry of Richmond (Ibid., p. !(>!)). In 120.") and 1208 
he occurs in the Rolls as Archdeacon of Richmond. However, we appear to 
have in the document No. (VLXVII. of the Coueher of Furness (p. 437), a 
slightly different form of the above composition, mentioning the names of the 
same Abbots. Archdeacon Honorius, and Gilbert fitz Reinfred, and contain- 
ing the specific date 120H, so that one is driven to the conclusion that the 
agreement was made in that year. At that time the house of (Amushead 
could not long have attained to the degree of a Priory. 



SERIES XII. CHARTER No. V. 

a.l>. 1198-1208. I) Riciiaiu)— 10 Juiix. 

CONFIRMATION BY IloNoRirs, Ani'llJiKACoX OF KlCHMoXD, TO THE CAKOKS OF 
COMSJIKAD, OF TUB CHURCH OF UlVKRSTOX. 

Dvxhy of Lane, Ancient Ihrrfs, Z 401. 

Vniusis See Matris Eccie liliis ad quos |?sentes litte 
pueffint :' Mugr • H • Arcti Ificti Salt in dno • Nofiit 
uniusitas ufa q cii Eccta de vrsew'ic ia p'dein cu suis 
ptincntiis auctoritate dm • pp • celestifi paritq} firo gscnsu 
Moachis de forneS in p*os usus posgidendu fuerit assignata • 
ijii q} niGachi cout a Canoicos de Coiiegliesh Ecciain de vluestoii 
ut ptinente ad Ecclam pdcaiu de vrsewic petent iu Capttani i 
tilde idem nioaclii 9pacienles pauptati Canoico* diuine pietatis 



TlIK LANCASHIRE CHARTULARY. **65 

intuitu ipis Canoicis ius ome qd eis 9pete po?at 1 Caritatiue 
9cesseriit • uolentes ut Canoici eandeni Ecctam in suos usus 
9i?terct ' sicut ipis liceret r si earn optinuissent • Nos g 
uolentes ordine Canoicoa qui apd Coneghesheud ia cep 
pullulare ibidem p gram dei stabtr pseiiarc 1 fco moacho* 
sic ppfc auctoritate dni • pp • *j fcm nrm que circa Ecctam 
de vrswic 3 ei 9 ptinencia pcesserat oportuit *j honestu fuit r 7 
ad instancia Dni • G • fit Rannfr qui pat°natii ipi 9 gerit 
Eccte i benigne assensim 9 * *j salua in oib 9 Ebox Eccte 
dignitate *] saluis in oibus iurib 9 que ad Archd Rich pertinet ' 
eandem Ecctam cu 01b 9 ptinenciis pPdcis Canoicis de Coneg- 
heved in usus pp'os in ppetnii gutendam i 9firmauini 9 • *j 
Dnm • T • Priorem de Conegheshed eadem sollepnit iuuest- 
iuimus • Et ut hec nra 9cessio -j 9firmaco futuris teporib 9 
rata pmaneat r' banc psentem Cartam sigilli nri testimonio 
roborauim 9 • Hiis test Dno Abfee de fornes • W • priore de 
Kertmel • A • p ! ore de kok?h • G • fit R • Magro • J • Offic 
Rich • II • de Kirkb Dec Lancasfr # W • uicario de Daltofi • 
H • de Had Senscatt de Kendat • R * de stiueton • 11 • de 
Cane ctico • 3 mttis aliis. 

Endorsed. — Magr H * Archid Richemd De eccta • De 
vlfueston # Confirmaco Archid. 

Seal wanting. 

NOTES. 

As a natural accompaniment to the composition last recorded, Master 
Honorius, Archdeacon of Richmond, confirms to the canons of Conishead 
the church of Ulverston, which the monks of Furness liad claimed as 
belonging to the church of Urswick, but had afterwards relinquished. This 
he did at the instance of Gilbert fitz Reinfred, who held the patronage of the 
said church, in right of Agnes his wife, only daughter and heir of William 
de Lancaster II., of whose estates the said Gill>ert had received seisin upon his 
marriage circa 1189. It is interesting to note that we have again reference 
to the contention of the monks of Furness, that Urswick was or had been the 
mother church of Ulverston and Pennington. Jt would appear that at some 
early period before the Conquest, Urswick had been the caput of almost the 
whole of the eastern half of Furness. The witnesses were the lord abbot of 
Furness ; William, prior of Cartniel, who occurs in a final concord made in 
1208, touching a dispute about fishing in the estuary of the Kent with 
Ralph de Reetham ; A., prior of Cockerham ; Gilbert fitz Reinfred ; Master 
John, the official of Richmond ; Rfoger ? ] de Kirk by, Dean of Lancaster ; 
William, vicar of Dalton ; Henry de Redman of Levens, Seneschal of Kendal ; 
R. de Stiveton, and Richard de Kent, clerk. 



.°i66 THE LANCASHIRE niARTULARY. 



SERIES XII. CHABTEB No. VI. 

a.i>. J 108-1208. 9 Richard— 10 John. 

Confirmation by Honokius, Abcii deacon op Richmond, to the canoks of 
conishkad, op the churches op mltncastelt, wliitbkck, and pbniciko- 
ton, which had bkrn formkkly confirmed to til km by rogkk, 
Arch bishop op York. 

Jh/rhg of Lane, Am- lent Deeds, L 2!M. 

Vniusis xpi fidlib 9 ad 4110s psentcs lit'to puenlint Magr ' H ' 
Arclut Jiicti Satl. in duo • Cum susoepte sollicitmlinis 110s 
simoiiot [s]ubditox utlitatil)} dili"Jit puidere "j eoa pfectib 9 
ppensius pspicere. 4110s cjleinplato'i.s otifi euocauit a seclo "j 
qui xpiu in suis niObris [rcti]nere ui«£it •] sustentive 110 
desistut • Qiii piuin & est illis aflctuosi 9 subuenire qui circa 
xpi paupes copiose earitatis balmdant uisi'ib} • [9]usat8em 3 
deuotocin ditcto* in xpo frm Canoieo* de Conegeslict pio 
*j sincevo Qsid'iantes aflcu I11hent.es uestigiis bone meniorie R • 
Ebo;& Aivbepi qui eis Eectas do Moleeastr *] de Wliitel>ec 7 de 
penigtoii cii ptinentiis 1 p'os usus 9firmauit • 110s Eectas illas 
eisd fr-ib 9 in pp'os *j ppetuos usus eoa ad sustntatoem 
Imspitalitatis doni 9 sue eis 9cediidas duxim 9 *j 9utendas • Saluis 
I oil>3 nob •] successorib 9 nris onerib 9 debitis *j Qsuetis ' vt aul: 
h nra 9cessio futuris tepib 9 iii9russa pseueret :' psenti scripto 
duxini 9 earn gfinnare * Iliis Test Magrn J * Oflic nro • Eic de 
Ma risen • lto*r de Kirkeb • A * de Kirkti tc dec * Witto de 
]>idigden * Daniet de fori? ' I»iidco Capttano * Anket ctico * ") 
Mtlis aliis. 

A portion of the archdeacon's seat, remains, Lea ring a standing 
figure of a man, holding in the rigid hand a palm (/) branch, and 
in the left a book (.') 

. . . oa • KicijeM .... 

NOTES. 

"To all tlic faithful in Christ to whom these present letters shall conic, 
Master Ilonorius, Archdeacon of Itichmond, sends greeting in our Lord. 
The charge of a solicitude which has been undertaken inoveth us diligently 
to provide for the useful ii?rs of those brought under our care, and willingly 
to watch over the property of those whom the peace of contemplation hath 
called away from the world, who in their members watchfully wait upon 



THE LANCASHIRE CHARTULARY. 367 

Christ, and cease not to minister unto him. Wherefore because it is comely 
to fervently support those who plentifully abound with the bowels of 
affection for Christ's poor, considering with pious love the conversation and 
devotion of our beloved brethren in Christ the canons of Conegesheved, and 
looking upon the footprints of Roger, Archbishop of York, of blessed 
memory, who confirmed to them for their own use the churches of 
Molecastre, and Whitebec, and Penington with the appurtenances, we have 
thought fit to grant and transfer to the said brethren those churches, for their 
own use for ever, for the maintenance of the hospitality of their house, 
Having in all wavs to us and to our successors the due and accustomed 
charges. Wherefore that this our grant may continue unchanged in time to 
come, we have thought well to confirm it by this present writing. With 
those witnesses, Master J. our official, Richard de Marreys, Roger (parson) 
of Kirkebi (Irluth), Adam de Kirkhain, then dean, William de Bidigdcn 
(parson), Daniel de Furness (|>arson of Aldingham), Ben net the chaplain, 
Anketel the clerk, and many others." 

The reference to an earlier confirmation by Roger, Archbishop of York 
(1154-1181), of Gamel de Pennington's grant of the churches of Pennington, 
Muncaster, and Whitbeck to the Hospital of Conishead, is interesting as 
a proof that the foundation dates from before 1181, adding strength to the 
opinion that Gamel was the founder, and William de Lancaster II. a patron, 
and subsequently a benefactor of this house. It is interesting to note that a 
direct descendant of Gamel de Pennington, in the person of Baron Mun- 
caster of Muncaster Castle, occupies an honourable position as a public- 
spirited landowner, in the very district where his ancestor founded this 
Hospital of Augustinian canons to the glory of God, and in honour of 
his blessed mother the Virgin Mary, more than 700 years ago. 



SERIES XIII. CHARTER No. I. 

December, ad. 1140. 5 Stephen. 

AGREEMENT BETWEEN KlNG STEPHEN AND RaNFLF, EABL OF CllB8TER, 

whereby the klno granted to the eabl, among other estates, the 
Honor op Lancaster, and the Land between Ribble and Mersey. 

Public IWord Ojjfc*\ Duchxj of Lane., formerly Class XXV, A. 9. 

New rcf, Mvtcell. Ptf 1, No. 36. 

Concordia in? Rege Stephanii •} Rann Comitc Cestr. 

Carta Stephani Rf Anglie p quam dedit *] concessit 
Kauri Comiti Cestr Castellum Lincoln *j Ciuitate donee 
idem Rex fecerit ei terrain suam Norifl *j omia Castella 
sua habere • Quo facto idem Rex cocessit firmare vnam 
de Turrib3 suis de Castro Lincoln de qua Conies hebit 
dniii douec idem Rex lifeet ei Castrmn de Tichehilla 3 



oG8 THE LANCASHIRE ClfAHTULARY. 

tunc renianebit eideni Itegi Tin? 3 Ciuitos Lincoln Et 
dco Coniiti renianebit Turns sua quam mat sua firnmuit 
cu ( 'oustabulacoe Castelli Lincolfi et Lineolneshir hereditar 
Jure • Et pi hoc idem liex dedit Comiti pdeo Castrfi de 
TUduedeiro cu 6i honore eideni ptinente *j totfi tra Witt de 
Albiii de quoeuq} earn tenuit *] Graham cu Soka *] si 
eontingeret i\& heredes de Graham cu Ite^e concordiam 
fecissent tanien remanent Com Iiann Honor fnlcus hereditar 
-j idem Kex dabit eis escambiu sun • Dedit eciam idem 
Hex hereditar pdeo Com Noun Castellu de Staffordshira 
cu oniib} cidm ptinetib} et Roeleiam cu Soka 3 Torcheseia 
cu ptiii -j villain de Derby cu ptin *] Mannnesfcld cum 
ptineutib} 3 Stanlegam cu ptim'tih} et Oswarbec "Wapen- 
tache cu ptin Et totam train ]{o«'i de Ilully cu toto 
honore de Hilda sicut diui.sum est Et totam terrain Rogi 
I*ictauis a Northampton vsq3 in Scotiam excepta tra Kogi 
de Monti 1 Ifrgonis in Lincolnshire ' Dedit eciam idem ltex 
eideni Comiti hereditar honore de Lancastre cu ptin suis 
*] totam terrain deint Iiibliam 3 Mcrsam "] terrain quam 
thiit in cliiio in Mah'io de Grymesby Et tram quam Conies 
Gloec tiuit in dnio in MaiYio de Grymesby cu ptin Et pt 
p Amore dictf (.-Giuitf Ranfi idem Bex reddidit Addict de 
Condia totam terrain suam sicut ilia fuint (sir) scitt 
Horncnstriain quaudo Cast-rum ilium (sir) prostratu fuit Et 
idem Bex reddidit ei totam aliam tram suam. 



NOTKS. 

Tin* story of this charter of Kin# Stephen to Ranulf, Earl of Chester is 
closely connected with the history of the early ycai-s of Stephen's reign. It 
is, however, unnecessary to repeat that history here. It will suffice to state 
briefly, that Stephen by this series of grunts desired to obtain the adherence 
and active support of his powerful subject, the Karl of Cheater, firstly, in 
coinl»attin^ the Empress Matilda in her attempts to wrest from him that 
crown which he held by a title so defective, on Whalf of her Hon Henry, 
then Duke of Normandy and afterwards Kin# Henry J I. ; nrrondfy, because 
the grant of Carlisle and Cunilierlaml to Henry, son of David, King of 
Scotland, when Stephen made him Earl of Northumberland at Durham 
in the year 11 31), had deeply incensed Earl Itanulf, who considered that 
Carlisle and Cumberland were his rightful patrimony, Henry I. having 
grunted these lordships to his father Itanulf Meschiues. The date of the 
charter is December, 1140, when Stephen was in Lincolnshire, opposing the 
forces of the Empress Matilda. 

15y this charter the King granted to Ranulf, the Castle and City of 



THE LANCASHIRE CHAKTULARY. 369 

Lincoln, to hold until the King should have caused the Earl's possessions in 
Normandy to be restored to him. This done, the Earl was still to fortify 
and to hold one of the towers of Lincoln Castle, of which he should have the 
ownership, until the King restored to him the Castle of Tickhill, the caput 
of the Honor of Blyth, which done, the King should recover possession of 
the said tower, as also of Lincoln City, and the Earl should have the tower 
which his mother had fortified, together with the office of Constable of 
Lincoln Castle and of Lincolnshire, which were his by right of inheritance. 
The King further gave to him, Bel voir Castle and Honor, and the land 
of William de Albini of whomsoever held, and Grectham with the Soke, 
and if the heirs of Grectham made concord with the King, the Earl 
should possess that Honor as his inheritance, and the King would give the 
heirs some other estate by way of exchange. He also gave to the Earl, 
Newcastle- under- Lyme, Ruxley with the Soke, Torksey, the town of Derby, 
Mansfield, Stanley, Oswaldbec Wapentake, the land of Roger de Busli with 
the Honor of Blyth, as it had l>een divided, the land of Roger the Poictevin 
from Northampton to Scotland, except Roger de Montbegon's land in 
Lincolnshire. He also gave him the Honor of Lancaster with its appur- 
tenances, and the land between Ribble and Mersey, the land which he had 
in demesne in the Manor of Grimsby, as well as that which the Earl of 
Gloucester had there in demesne. Furthermore, for the love which he bore 
the Earl, he gave to Adelaide de Conde her land in Horncastle, as it was 
when the castle there was thrown down. And finally the King rendered to 
him all his other land. 

To a certain extent this charter was merelv confirmatory of lands which 
already belonged to the Earl, although many new estates were intended to 
be conveyed by it, particularly Lancashire between Ribble and Mersey, and 
the Honor of Lancaster, which were King Stephen's by the very best 
of titles, and had been held by him since the year 1114 or thereabouts. 

Stephen quitted Lincolnshire without fulfilling the whole of his promise, 
thereby affording the Earl a pretext for his subsequent treacherous 
behaviour, which culminated in the defeat and capture of Stephen, and 
the short lived predominance of the Empress Matilda. Of this neglect on 
Stephen's part, the late Robert Eyton says in the Staffordshire Chart ulary, 
"when in December, 1140, the Earl [of Chester] and his brother rebelled 
against Stephen, their first proceeding was to eject a garrison which 
Stephen had left in Lincoln Castle. The stirring sequel, the immediate 
siege of Lincoln Castle by Stephen, Earl Ranulfs escape by night, the 
indomitable energy and profound strategy which enabled him forthwith to 
levy and to bring a mighty host to the relief of Lincoln, the l»attle of 
February 2nd, 1141, and the capture of Stephen, were the events of a 
month."' 

By virtue of this grant, Earl Ranulf subsequently executed various 
charters to religious houses, confirming former grants of land, churches, etc., 
between Ribble and Mersey. He continued in possession until his death in 
December, 1153. Henry II., upon his accession, restored the Honor to 
Stephen's younger son, William, Count of Boulogne and Mortain, and Earl 

1 Staff*. Historical Collections, Vol. II. p. 232. 

2 B 



370 TJIE LANCASHIRE CIIAKTULAItY. 

of Wanvii, who, ;im his father's heir, was justly entitled in that which his 
father had held hv a 1 letter title than that l»v which lie had held the crown 
of England. 

The original charter, of wliich the above is merely an ancient ftuiumary, 
was preserved in Pontefraet (Vntle until the attainder and death of Thomas. 
Karl of I^aneaster. Kdward II., in 132"), appointed Robert de Ho ton, and 
Thomas de Sihthorp, clerks of the Chancery, the latter being Keeper of the 
llanaper of < 'hancery, "to examine, army, and put in right order hw 
charters, deeds, and other muniments in the Castles of Pontefraet, 
Tuttlehury, and Tonebrugg,"' etc., and by Letters Close, dated 14th Oct., 132~>, 
h«* ordered them u to deliver to the Treasurer and Chamberlains of the 
Exchequer all the rolls of their arranging in this behalf, and the keys of the 
chests and coffers, if anv remain in their custody.'' The details of the 
charters and rolls found in Pontefraet Castle are summarised and preserved 
in the mil quoted above. Some of the originals are now preserved in the 
Public Record otlicc, but many, including this valuable document, have been 
lost since 1 :$:>.">. 



SERIES XI LI. CHARTER No. 11. 
a.i>. 1 1 i>:\. is SrmiEN. 

TltKATY Oil AOKEEMKNT M,\T>K AT DkVIZKS, BKTWKE.V HENRY, DCKK OP 
XoilMANKY, AFTERWARDS KlNG OF KsfiLAND, ANI) KaNUI.F, EARL OF 
ClIKSIKII, WIIEHEIIV THE Dl'KK (JAVE AND CONFIRM l-M) TO THE KARL 
INTER AMA. THE IIoNoR OF COUNT Koc.'ER THE PnlCTKVIX. I.E., OF 

Lancaster. 

ltrit. M*i*. ; Colt. ./■<•//*. 2. 

\l ' dux Norm * *j (.'inn And ■ Oinil^ ArtdnVpis ■ Epi« • 
Coinitib} * I>aroiiil>5 * Vieuccmiitil^ • -j Ofnil)} Ainieis • -3 fidelity 
suis Norm *j Anglic sat * Sciatis 1110 dedisse ~j Coneississe l*an 
Comi erst oiTu'in heredita-lt* sua Norm -j Angt «ic un<r* 
ali<i ! s ah><ASso^ suox ea meli 9 *] libius tenuit • *] noiatl 
Csisti'llfi *lo Yira • *j P>ai a 1>itiuuiFi : cu tali liliortsito :'" qd j> 
t < »t ;1 baulevgani possit capo forisfact-ii sufi * -j IJrulliu cle 
iossis • j Alek 1 ? " *] hoc un erat uiooromco th- x vlbriueiis * 
*j I sco dacubo do line feci on com i If* ^ q'eo^d tiui I 
Abrincbciu ci dedi plot epatii • j Abbacia do Monte Sttncti 
Mir/nw\ ' ~j (|d ids ptinet :' Insup dedi -) yoossi oi tutu 
lionoiv comis Rooi jdctauionsis * u'tTKj} aliij'd liahot 1 " *j tot urn 
Imiwrcm de blic u l c : f|3 .sit I Anglia * *] totfi honore do Eia * 

1 Thi» words in italic*, which liuvo boon filled in from Ryiner's Farriera, Vol. I, 
p. 12, I ondon, 1701, represent words in the original which are now illegible. 



THE LANCASHIRE CIIAKTULAKY. 371 

sic Rob malet Auunets mat's sue illu nieli 9 3 pleni 9 uncj* 

tenuit * Insup dedi ei Staford "j Stafordie Sir •] Comitatii 

Stafordie totu q'cojd ego ibi liui I foevdo "j hereditate * 

Exccpto foevdo epi cest • *j Com Rob de ferr 9 * *j Hug 

de mortuomar * *j Geruasii pag • *j Excopto foresto de 

oanoc qd I maim mea retineo * Et foevdu Alani de lincot 

ei dedi J . q 1 fuit Auunets mat's sue • ~j foevdu Ernisii de 

burn * sic sua hereditate • *j foevdu hug de scoteineio ei dedi :' 

u'cq} .sit * *j foevdu Robti de chalz u'eq} sit * "j totu foevdu 

Radi filii odonis * ~j totu foevdu Norm de uerd * -j foevd 

Robti de staf u l cq3 sit ' Et t'ginta libratas tie q a s hui in 

grimesbeia ei dedi * Et Notingeha * Castelt * -j Burgii * 

-j q'cqM hui I Notingehfi in foevdo *j hereditate r' sibi -j 

heredib} suis dedi * -j totu foevdu Wilti peuerelli 11*013 sit:' 

ii l pot it se dironare in mea curia : de scete *] t"dicione * 

Exeepto hecham • Et si Engelram 9 de Alba Mart fi uoluerit 

se cape nieeii neq} com shno * •] illd ui cape potor pdicta 

heehfi Reddo comi Ronnulf * si ea tire uoluerit * Et 

Torcheseia • "i Oswardebec wapentac * *j Derbeifi c omib} 

ptinentiis • *j Mammesfeld efi socha * *j Koelis ' c Socha ' 

*j Sanbeia iuxta couentreia c Socha * *j de Beluario tenebo 

ei rectu : q a cici 9 pot'o r sic de sua hereditate • *] sex 

Raronib} suis q°s elegit c'cfiq} cetii libratas Vre dabo de 

his q m' ex hostile meis adq'sita accidint de me tenendas * 

*j omib} paretib} suis sua ?rddo hereditate un potens su * 

■j de hoc u n ad (?sens potens no su rectum- plenariu 

tenebo ex q° potens ero • T • Wilto cancelto * R • Come 

Cornub • R * Come herf • Pat'eio Come SalisR ' gaufrido 

de bub dap • J • filio Gileb * R • de hum 9$tabto • 

Guar filio Ger * Rob de cvrcer dap • 'Man/tsscro Bisct 

dap * Rhilippo de colub * Ex parte comis Ran • Wilts 

com lincot * Hug Wac * G * castelt de fines • Sim filio 

Wilti * Tors? de Motef 9 • Gauf • de costentin * Wilio * 

de Verd • Ric picerna * Ro£ro Wac * Sim filio Osbti * ' Ap 

Diuisas : 

St'fil broken ojf. 

NOTES. 

The struggle l>etween King Stephen and Henry, Duke of Normandy, was 
continued in the year 1153. Within the octave of the Epiphany (13th to 
19th January), 1153, the Duke crossed into England, and by virtue of some 

2 B 2 



.°»72 THE LAXCA*IIIKK CHAltTULAKY. 

minor successes received inq>ortant .additions to his forces liy the adhesion 
to his side of tin- Karl of Leicester, and sunn sifter, of the Earls of Chester, 
(Jlouccster, Hereford and Cornwall. Ijiit the duplicity of the l>aroiinge, a» 
is shown by Henry of Huntingdon, prevented any decisive action between 
the two parties for the harons desired, ulmve all things, to play off one side 
against the ether, and profit by the chance from either side of bids for their 
support. 1 

The most powerful and influential of the barons was Kanulf de (iernons, 
Earl of Chester. The charter ^iveii alnive discloses the priee which Duke 
Henry was prepared to pay for the Karl's assistance in the recovery of bis 
ri«dit. Of the details of this Treat v we are onlv concerned with the entry 
which relates to Lancashire and the Honor, which runs as follows : — 
" Furthermore I [the Duke] have <jivcn and granted to him [#>. the Karl] the 
whole Honor « »f Count IJo^er the Poictevin, wherever he has ou^ht thereof.** 

In annotating this paragraph, the late Mr. Kytou has fallen into several 
errors. In the "Staffordshire Cliai'tulai'v/' lli*t»riml (VAw/o/jx, Vol. IF, 
p. 'I'l'.y he writes : - 

'•This expression is significant. Taken as a whole, the Honour of 
Comte Ilojjer the Poitcvin has at various leeurrent periods l>ceu called 
the Honour of Lancaster. Lincaster Castle was its original caput. All 
I^uic^hiiv, between the Kibble and the Mersey, was included in the 
Honour. Tin* Poitevin Comte is known t> have had lands in man v other 
counties, and in most of these his sometime manors are |H»r|ietuall a y 
recurring as * held of the Honour of Lancaster.' At another and later 
period, when vast estates— never held by the Poitevin accrued to the 
Karld"iu t afterwards the Huchy, of Ijaiicastcr, the term 'Honour of 
J «*i nearer ' became, of course, more comprehensive.' 

An a matter of fa -t, not only that part of Lancashire which lies "lietween 
Kibble and Mcrsev " was included in the Honour from and after 10H(>, but 
also Ainounderness, Lonsdale, if not Cartmel and Kurness also. The term 
" Honor of Lancaster ,: ceased to be used after the creation of the Duchy in 
l'ttl. Mr. Evton writes further :-- 

"Comte IJo^er surrendered his English lief to William the Conqueror 
before the date «»f Hoinesday, but the Conqueror did not disintegrate it. 
William Uufus, I imagine, restored it to Comte Ito^er ; but Henry T , 
execrating above all things the names and races of Mont«»onierv and 
IVle^ine, confiscated it. As an Escheat in his hands, Henry I. did some- 
thing to disintegrate the Honour of Ijaiicastcr, but I do not find that 
anything so subtracted went to a^i*randize the Honour of Chester. 
Henrv had not reached the middle of his reijjn when he bestowed the 
Comtee of Morctain and the hardlv diminished Honour of I jan caster on 
his nephew, Stephen, of l>l«»is ; and both the>e dignities remained with 
the said Stephen by a «jood and sound title till the end of his own 



rei^n. 



It is not correct to say that the Conqueror did not disintegrate the Honor of 
Count lioirer. With the exception of Rowland, he took from him the whole 

1 Stubb*' Cutififif. Hht. of England, Vol. I. p. 370. 



THE LANCASHIRE CHARTULAKY. 373 

of his Yorkshire estates, and William Rufus did not restore them, but they 
became merged in the Mowbray and Percy fees. Even Bowland was not 
held of the Honor of Lancaster, but of the fief of Puntefract. Moreover, 
when Henry I. bestowed upon his nephew Stephen, the Count's former 
Honor, instead of doing "something to disintegrate" it, he actually added 
large estates to it from the royal demesne in cos. Lincoln, Leicester, and 
Nottingham, and portions of the escheated fiefs of Erneis de Burun, Durand 
Malet, Robert de Stafford, Roger de Busli, and some others in cos. Lincoln, 
Nottingham, Derby, and Stafford. It was from this time forward that 
Count Stephen's fief in Lancashire, Norfolk, Suffolk, and the counties 
named above became known as the " Honor of Lancaster." Lastly 
Mr. Eyton says : — 

"When, therefore, Duke Henry, in the year 1153, spake of giving to 
Earl Ranulf, of Chester, all that the said Earl 'has' anywhere in the 
whole Honour of Comte Roger the Poitevin, the Duke probably alluded 
to something, more or less, which the turbulent Earl had wrested from 
Stephen during the period of usurpation. I do not know that anything 
even of this kind remained with the Earl of Chester's heirs ; but in 
truth the promises of Devizes, none of them resulted in estates of 
inheritance." 

The real reason why Duke Henry qualified his grant to the Earl of the 
whole Honor of Count Roger, by adding " wherever he has ought thereof,'' 
was that the Earl onlv received in Lancashire the land between the Ribble 

■r 

and the Mersey, for King David of Scotland had claimed and held the rest 
of the county, and in King Stephen's grant to the Earl in 1141 (Charter 
No. 1 ) the fief of Roger de Montbegon had been expressly reserved. 

Mr. Eyton gives the date January 6th, 1153, to the Duke's landing in 
England, as against the date of the Octave of the Epiphany, recorded by 
Roger de Monte, or the morning of the Epiphany, by Gcrvaseof Canterbury. 1 
He further suggests the date, 1st March, as the date of the Treaty. Probably 
it was ratified after the Duke's success .against King Stephen at Malmes- 
bury, which was likely to bring to him offers of supjmrt, and before he had 
advanced to Wallingford, and obtained his subsequent success against the 
King at Crowmarsh in Oxfordshire. 

On November 6th, the same year, a treaty waa made between the Duke 
and the King at Wallingford. Events had taken place which had rapidly 
brought the King's resistance to an end. On the Octave of St. Lawrence's 
day (17th August) death came to the King's eldest son, Eustace, as a punish- 
ment, it is said, for sacrilege committed at St. Edmund's Abbey, near 
Canterbury. 2 

Many of the most influential among the barons had gone over to the 
cause of the young Duke. " It was agreed " by the Treaty " that Stephen 
and Henry should adopt each other as father and son ; that Stephen should 
keep his regal dignity for the rest of his life, Henry acting as justiciar and 
practical ruler of the kingdom under him ; and that after his death Henry 
should be King.'' 8 

1 England under the Angevin Kings, Vol. I, pp. 396-7. 2 Ibid. p. 399. 

* Ibid., p. 400. Stubbw' Constit. JIUt. of England, Vol. I, p. 376. 



37-1 TIIK L.lXCASIIIltK CIlAltTIJLARY. 



HIS 



Ueforc tin* i-ikI nf tin* year Stephen's proclamation of the trraty m? 
published from Westminster.' The tiftli paragraph rum- as follows : — 

" Willielmus autem Hlius mens li<num homauium & securitatein duci 
Xonnaiiniit' fecit, & dux ci concessit ad tenendum de se omncs teiiurus 
Ojijas e^'o tcnui, anteijuani regnuiii Anglia* adept us cssem, sivc in Anglia, 
sive in Norniiiiiiiiii, sivt* in aliis locis ; & quinpiid cum tili;\ de Wuroii 1 
aceppit, sive in Allodia, sive in Xormauuia, Jt ad hoiiores iIIijh 
peitiiict ; iSg de omnibus terris, et villis, & burgis. & redditihus, 4110H 
dux in dominio sun nunc habet, & nomiuatim de illis qxuv jRTtineiit 
ail lioimrem comitis de Wareii*. Williclnium tilium nieum <& hoiiiin«*»< 
illius, tpii de lionore ill" sunt, pleuarie saysiet ; & iiominatim do eastellu 
de IJeleneuinbre, & Mortui maris ; ita scilicet, (plod Kegiualdiis cle 
Wareimia, castrum de IMencumbre, & Mortui maris custodiet, si 
voluen't, \ dahit inde, duci ubsides : si vero noluerit, alii de ligiis 
lioniiniluis coinitis de Waren\ <pios dux voluerit, similiter per salvos 
ohsides & siiham custodiam (adeiii castra custodient." 

Thus K iii^r Stephen secured for his son, William, i 'ount of Ib»ul«>giiu and 
Mortain, and Karl of Warren who had done homage and given pledges of 
his fealtv to the J.)uke all estates which the Kin« r held before he attained 
the kingdom of England, whether in England or in Normandy, or else- 
where, and whatever his son William had acquired with the heiress nf 
Warren, whether in England or in Normandy, ls-longing to those honors, 
etc. In accordance with this agreement, as also bv right of inheritance, the* 
Honor of Lancaster, after King Stephen's death on :>.">th October, 1154, 
descended to his surviving sun William, Earl of Warreu and Count of 
Boulogne and Morlain. 



SKlilKS XIV. (/IIAIiTKK Xu. 1. 
A.n. lLV.uiHii .V-lo IIkmjy II. 

(ilt.VNT 11 V JillllAKl) Hl'sSKL, I».\KoN of I'knwoktmam, TO KlCllAKD Fittos 
OF KKillT r.llM'f'lTlIS OP I..VM) IX El.frWU'K. I'l.A Y l*ON-l.K- WooDS, WlIlTILK- 
l.K-\Vool»S, WllKKl.TON, Wll'IINKLI., H'oilllTON". AND RoUliLKsWuKTH. 

lint. J///.S-. ; JoV,7. J/,S. X<>. :\'2AW, Jul. 2: > »7. 

Iiicurdiis ISusstdlus omnibus lmminibus suis Franris cL 
Angiitis, cleric-is et laiHs, salutem tain imi'seiilibus 411am 
luturis. Xotuin vobis sit cjuod ego dedi et cuiicessi liieardo 
flilmi et IiaTudibus suis octu earuratas terra-, teuendas de me 
et incis haivdilais, srilieet, Hedthelsiwie, Cleilniiain, WituI, 
Weltonain, AYitliinhulI, Iloctonain, Ilndt holies wit ha euni omnibus 
pertinentiis, libeie ft honorifiee et 4iiieU\ in neinoribuH, in 

1 Kyiiicr's Fuedwt, edit. 18H>, Vol. I, p. l.M. from the lied Book of the 
Exchequer. 



THE LANCASHIRE CHARTULAKY. 375 

planis, in pascuis, et omnibus libertatibus et eoiisuetudinibus, 
Habenduin priedictas terras consensu fralruin meoruin Alberti 
et Galfridi, scilicet per quartam partem unius militis, faciendo 
servitium. Et si ilia terra quain Willelmus filius Alani tenet 
de Ricardo Hi tun adveniat in manum Kicardi flitun, deinde 
ipse liicardus ffiton faciat servitium dimidii militis. Hiis 
testibus — Alberto fratre suo et Galfrido, Henrico Priore, Eogero 
filio Raneebil et Iiicardo tilio suo, Ormo tilio Magni, Osberto 
lilio Edmundi, Kogero Pincerna, Siwardo tilio Aut.i et Ricardo 
fratre suo, Ulfo de Walatona, Ormo filio Sueni, Kieardo de 
Mulinas, Adam filio Huctredi, Auger de Lea, Sueno, Soiro, 
Willelmo riliis Alani, Waltero filio Stenulfi, Galfrido sacerdote, 
Roberto sacerdote, Rogero filio Ranewardi, Roberto fratre suo, 
Gilberto de Wlutbluill, et niultis aliis. Valete. 



NOTES. 

Of the eight earucates of laud hereby bestowed on Richard Fitton, four 
earucates and a half lay iu a district called Gunnolf's moors, which had l>eeii 
previously bestowed upon Alan, son of Swain in marriage with a younger 
sister of Riehard Bussel. According to the Hoghton evidences William 
Alanson had eleven sons, who all died without issue, and three daughters, 
who married respectively, Richard de Ollerton, Roger de Stanworth, and 
Roger de Wythnell. The first named had for her share Ollerton and 
Heapey, the second had Stanworth, Brinscall, Monkshill, Walcroft, and 
Bridgetield, and the third had Wythnell. 

The bounds of Gunolfs moors were as follows : — Commencing at Hole- 
feld 1 , going up Worddeyn 2 unto Hethylwall, upon the eastern side of 
GrethulP, over the summit as the water falls into Rodylsworth 4 , descending 
the river Rodylsworth unto the Stanworth hedge, following that hedge 
unto Kylncarr*, and following Kiincarr into Loctocke water unto the mound 
at Whytehyll, thence up the high road which leads from Preston, unto the 
Moncroke upon the Coppildhirst*, thence following the water-shed unto the 



1 Near the place where Brinscall brook joins Warthe brook. 
- Warthe dean, between Heapey and Anlczargh. 

3 Heath -hill- wall (?), on the eastern side of Great Hill. 

4 i.e. the boundary followed Calf hey brook into the river Roddies worth, 
descending the same to the northern limit of Stanworth. 

a i.e. the boundary between Hoghton and Stanworth, and Hoghlon and 
Ollerton, until the river Lostock is reached, then down that stream to the point 
where it is crossed by the old road between Preston and Chorley, called Birchin 
Lane and Copt hurst Lane, near the village of Wheel ton. 

6 Perhaps a stone shaft set up by the monks, near higher Copthurst on the 
division between Heapey and Whittle-le- Woods, 



370 THE LANCASHIRE CHAHTULAltY. 

Menecar, following tin* same unto Rlakebroke 1 , following Rlakebroke U> the 
] Miles of Ilcyley j Kirk, following the pale unto Heley-clitle, thence along the 
hedge of Hcley-cliffe to the llaukishcrd 2 , following the same unto the 
Ulakebroke', ami so to Holcfold\ which was the commencement of the 
lHiuiHlarv.' 1 

Richard Unwell granted these eight earucatesof land in Klswiek, Clayton 
le I>ale, Whittlc-le- Woods, Wheelton, Wilhnell, Hoght«»n and Rmldleauorth 
to Richard Fittoii to hold by the service of the fourth part of one knight's 
fee, and if the land, which William son of Alan held of Richard Fit ton, came 
into the hands of the said Hichard, the service should he increased to half a 
knight's fee. This grant was made with the assent of Alhert and Geoffrey 
l>ussel,the grantor's younger brothers who also witnessed the same, together 
with the following : — 

IIkxiiy, the first prior of Pcnworthain, which church ran then have been 
hut recently raised to the degree of a priory. He was probably a monk of 
Kveshain Ahhev. Koukr, son of Rankcihl or Havenkil, and Richard hit* 
son, whom we identify as Roger, son of Havenkil, lord of Woodphnupton, &t\, 
and his son Hichard, son of IJo^er, founder of the priory of Lvtham. The 
latter held a very considerable estate in Lancashire in tin* year 1:21:2, of which 
one portion came to him by descent from his said father, and another by his 
marriage with Margaret, daughter and co-heir of Thurstan Banastrc. 
Rooku 1'isckuna. — This was Roger le Ilotchrof Walton, who is occasionally 
mentioned iri the Pipe Rolls of Henry II. In the year 1 1!M) his widow, 
ijiieiiildd de Wartoii, answered for the scutage due fruin the fee which her 
husband had held of the Harony of IVnworthaui. He had issue by her, 
Hichard, Robert. Adam and Stephen. The eldest, Hichard le Boteler, 
married < t >uenilda, daughter of Hugh, and had issue Hit-hard le Hoteler, who 
was prohahlv the tiist of the family of the Hotelcrs of RawclirTe. Vlv DE 
Walton, of I'lnes- Walton (M'lfs Walton), was the grandfather of Warine 
de Walton, lord of that town U'/hj/. Henry III. (>km son m' Swain has not 
been identified. Hhiiaud dk Molynki'X of Sefton. mu*t have then heen a 
young man, for he survived until after 1l'1l\ A mam son ok I'oiitkkd, Iiiim 
not been identified. William son of Alan, son of Swain, held Gunolfn 
moors under Richard Fit ton. He survived his brothers Swain and Soir 
(*/*•). Waltkk son hf Staimlf pl'oliahly of Adlington. (Jkoffrkv and 
Roiikiit, priests, probably of Penwortham Priory. Rookk son of Raixwaud, 
and Romkiit his brother, who is described as nephew of Hichard Russell in a 
charter of the si id Richard (No. V). (Jiliif.kt hk Wiiittlk held lands in 
Whittle under Richard Fitton. The other witnesses have already been 
under notice. 

1 Black-brook divide* Heapey from Clierlev. The pales of Ileulcy park 
nepa rated that denicMie from Hcu]>ey from near the foot of Wack-brook eastward 
and southward hv higher Hcalc\ to Henley Nab. 

■- Probably the boundary between lleath-l'hamock and Heapey. 

n Probably the name of a stream now covered by the Liverpool reservoir at 
Rivin^tuii. 

4 The boundary between Heapey and Anlczargh here run* due north 
descending a stream called Fill brook until it joins Warthe-brook already named. 

5 Dothicortlts MS., exlii, f 10b. 



THE LANCASHIRE CHARTULARY. 377 

SERIES XIV. CHARTER No. II. 
1180-1190. 20 Henry II— 1 Richard I. 

Grant by Albert Bpssel, Baron op Penwortham, to IIoukell son of 
Adam, of the land of Swarthbank in North Meols for thr main- 
tenance of a Uospice. 

Bo<1l. Lib. 0.ron. ; Dodswortlts MS. JAIL, foi 225. 

Xotum sit omnibus tarn pnesentibus quam futuris, quod 
ego Albertus liussel dedi, et coneessi, et hac priesenti carta 
contirmavi Houkello, tilio Ada.* et lueredibus suis, totam terrain 
de Swartebonke, scilicet de Blakepul in orientali parte usque 
in occidentali parte de Bradelond, in puram et perpetuam 
elemosinam, pro aniina mea et pro aninia uxoris nunc Let[ici]ie, 
et pro animabus patruiu et niatruni nostrarum, et pro aniinabus 
omnium pareutum et antecessorum nostrorum, de me et 
hsiredibus meis tenendam, lil)erandam (sic) et ineoncussam ab 
omni seculari servitio, et insuper ad sustinendam quandam 
Hospitalitatem illis qui necessitatem liabebunt. His Testibus — 
Ricardo filio Rogeri, Galfrido Russel, Ricardo de Mulinais, 
Ricardo Rlundel, Geraldo Dapifero, Henrico Russel, Hugone 
fratre .suo, Alexandra sacerdote, Hosberto sacerdote, Hugone 
clerico, Ada fratre suo, et multis aliis. 

NOTES. 

A11njrt Bussel succeeded to the Baron v of Penwortham after the death of 
his brother Richard without issue, in or before the year 11(54. This is 
proved by the fact that he appears in the Pipe Roll of 16 Henry II., as owing 
18j marks due to the king "from the time of Geoffrey de Valoines," who 
was Sheriff of the Honor for some years before Michaelmas, 1166. As there 
is no reference to this debt in the Rolls for 1164-5, and H6.~M>, the liability- 
was obviously incurred before Michaelmas, 1164. The Bussel fees were 
held by the service of 5 knights, for which the relief would amount to 25/i 
or 37£ marks. The debt named above is suspiciously like the second moiety 
of this sum, of which the first had been previously paid. 

The grant to Houkell and his heirs of land in Swarthbank, in the town- 
ship of North Meols, was made in frankalmoign, i.e. free from all secular 
service or exaction, for the health of the grantor's soul, and the soul of his 
wife Leticia, and their parents' and ancestors' souls, and for the maintenance 
of a Hospice for those having need of entertainment. 

Among the witnesses appear the names of several well known Lancashire 
knights and thanes, and also Gerold de Clayton, steward of Penwortliam, 
Henry and Hugh, the grantor's two sons, two priests of Penwortliam church, 
Hugh the clerk, and his brother Adam. The date lies before Michaelmas, 



:>" .uy. : av AviniE ■ hakttlaky. 

].-.:. -*:• !:_'•:• M iii> U-j .n>. Willelimi Imtilario, 

II-:.:! ■:■■ K» '■■:..:.. ]{;.:■■!.•' •!:-?]-•! i* it«iiv. Tli"ina fratre eius. 
'■!.::■ ..;*!■• :..:!--. Ai.i I»v.:t'»n. <i;ilfriil«i I>utton, 

W.;;. ■!:..-. ■ :•■ • .'. M -:;:■. Wili-Iue- df Liniuuilers. Giranl" dt? 
< !■•.*.. W.' I':.* lis. Tn-i.ui" Uiii.i-dH\ A'la de Hncloii. 

K- '■ ! * - ■"■■- 

N« »TE>. 

!.'« :■.■■. - : ■::.■ d!-;- .!■ '■-t.\v»-i-!i Hujli ll :«-•-! and his <<ui.<dii. K«»ln*lt. 
-■■:, r i ;■ :*:■ \ li ■;-- i. ?■■ s -lii:;.' th»-ir r*-^i--«.tivt- titles to the Baroiiv nf 
l'"ii'A'-if !..hii. \;:il '■.■ f- -iii.l .iJi.i-m -ii pp. li'«». \:\*. l»il. 1 SI. 2i"i and 237. 
Hu.h I: ;--■ i had ihi.iijii-d tl... hu..n\ i.f !*• nw.'ithain against GenfTivv 
l:-i--i-i ■; -\\> i ' i :i ■. "i .l"!ih. * '■« Hit "f M'lTain. - ■iin* tiliir Ijetweeii ll^Oaml 
li:»; \m>i lii- -■!■ ■ •■— i-.ii t" t I ■ • - i 'i->wii. rlif Kin^ • • in firmed the Rinmy 
t - . I i = : _r r i },\ -li.iif.-i dat*-d .it i liiii'.n. in N"i niaiiilv. liith i h-t* A **r, 1199. 1 
K-'w-.j- K-i -?• i .ih'l Mi« ha- Iiu.i -. Ii"»'.. H'l-h ami HnU.Mt lieing 1 1 na 1 >K- to 
H..-.-T (!■•- -• - - - 1 1 - 1 1 1 1 «r :■ ] Mi.-Tif -.f i.'l'" -t tin.- liin- ••{' -|mt mark* which thev 
had j » i - - rl » -i ■-■ 1 f"i — • - s — i t ■ "f tli" ll;ii.'iiv. t'.w.niN wliii-li niilv tn.i luarks had 
I" I'll |i:iiil (|». Mil '. i • V:i -■»■• 1 their titli- in the l!ari»ii\ tn I «■ «;ei\ (Anistalde of 
( "Im-Ii-i. At Mil !i;ii"Iiii.«-. I -.••*!. the >aid linger had aetruittauce liv the 
Kim'- win «•!' T'K, 1 ■■ *i 1 1 lt th»- S.ikf fi-i' ill H- fn-iii tin* liamny uf Peiiwoi-thain 
(|i|i. V.r.i ami i'«»7). In •■ iii-iili-niiinii i.f" tliis r»leaM j In* undertook to 
ili-'-liar.'f Illicit >>t' tin- halaif" «»t' ■ 1 ■•- tim- ■ 1 n»- t«» the Kiu«;, viz., 310 marka. 

. \ 1 1 1 ■ » nir tli'- ^ it Hi — ■■- a|»|M-ar tli»* nann"* *>\ tin* Sheriff, Muiitlie^nn, ami 
IhiI.cN'1. ilni-f LiiMii^liin- hapiiio : llenrv «!»■ ll'-<liiian nf livens, Steward uf 
K'-ii'bil : -• ■ x •■i:il nf tlii- ( 'nii«tahli* "s Y«»ik«»liiie ami Cheshiiv knights; 
(I--1-.M ili- <'|;i\t<>ii. Si-m-i d;tl -if iViiuiti tliam. L'irlianl Kittmi, Thurstan 
ll;in;i-t n- ami A<l;iin<]f I {•••.'litnn. t In •*«■ tenant - «»f the Itaroiiv. 

'I'li«* date (if tlii^ <li nt'i proktlilv lii-^ ltctwi-ru Miehaelmas and 
< 'lit i-l ma-*, Il''».*i. a- a|i|M-ai> 1 »\ tin* fullnwin^ I.t'ltei^ ("Iiim* from the King to 
lii- lian'ii- iif tin' K\<-lii*i|Ufi'. " AllnM" initu lJ«»i, r * , i", <'«»nstalile nf Chester, 
tltat whii-li Muu'li Unwell and llnhcrt l>us>«ll havi* rendered at the £xehe(|uer 
nf tic fim> ulii-li tln-v niadi>witli us t'<»r 1 1 i « * i t iand nf IViK-woitlmm with the 
:i|i|nirteii:im-e>:. Iii-eau*.!- we havi- delivei-i'il that land |n the siiid (.'uiiMtahle, so 
that In- shall he answi-rahle tn us fup that line and the arrears at the teriiiM 
whii-h the siiid lluifhand Ituhert had finin us. Witness invsolf at Merle- 
IhtitIi, i'J) da\ nf DeCeliiliel'" [li , '»">].-' 

1 C/nir/ir AW, 1 John. 1M. 1, „i. :i. 
'-' Cfvx< Hull, 7 John, iti. I». 



THE LANCASHIRE CHAKTULARY. 381 

SERIES XIV. CHARTER No. V. 

A.D. 1205. 7 John. 

Release by Robert Bitsskl to Roger de Lacf, Constable of Chester, of 

the Barony of Penwortham. 

rub. Record Office, Duchy of Lane., Great Cowcher, I,fuf. 79. 

Omnibus ad quos pra*sens carta pervenerit Robertus Ruissell 
salutcm. Noueritis me in ligia potestate mea et propria voluntate 
mea dedisse ct concessisse et quietam clamasse de me et lueredibus 
meis impcrpetuum Rogero de I^ascy Constahulario Cestrhe totam 
terrain meam de Penwertham cum omnibus pertinenciis suis tain 
in dominicis quum seruiciis sine vllo retenemento cum toto iure 
meo quod in ea habeo vel habere debeo tain infra Comitatum 
Lancastrian quam extra ; Tenendam et habendam in capite de 
domino Rejje Anglian et lueredibus suis illi et lhTredibus suis. Ita 
quod ego Robertus et hanedes mei imposterum aliquod clamium 
uel ius non possunius habere vel debemus in pra?dicta terra cum 
pertinenciis. Et pro hac donaeicne et concessione et quieta 
clainaucia pnedictus Rogerus me adquietauit versus dominum 
mcum Johannem Regem Angliie de trescentis et decern marcis 
argent i. Quare volo quod pnedictus Rogerus et lueredes sui 
habeant et teneant totam pra'dictam terrain cum omnibus 
pertinenciis suis sine vllo retenemento de domino Johanne liege 
Angliie et lueredibus suis in capite quietam de me et lueredibus 
meis imperpetuum. Hiis testilais Rfannulfo] Comite Cestria 1 , 
Eii8tachio de Vescy, Retro de Rrus, Gilleberto filio Reinfridi, 
Roberto Walensi, Henrico de Redeman, Willelmo tilio Swein, 
Willelmo de Winequike, Turstano Banastre, Adam Banastre, 
Jordano de Sancta Maria, Thoma Dispensatore, Adam de Dutton, 
(Jnlfrido de Dutton, Willelmo de Bello Monte, Raldcwino de 
ft'ossa, Laurencio de Wilton, clerico. 

NOTES. 

This is Robert Bussel's release to Roger de Lacy, contemporary with 
the hist charter. The witnesses were numerous and include some persons 
of note. Ranulf Blundeville, Earl of Chester ; Eustace de Vescy, baron of 
Alnwick and Malton ; Peter de Brus, baron of Skelton ; Gilbert fitz 
Reinfrid, baron of Kendal ; Robert le Waleys, the Constable's steward ; 
Henry de Redman, seneschal of Kendal and lord of Levens, and subse- 
quently of Yealand ; William son of Swain, lord of Carleton in Amouuder- 
ness ; William de Win wick, lord of Thornton in Amounderncss ; Thurstan 



384 THE LAXCA&IIIKE CIIAUTCLAttY. 

The learned editor of that volume states his opinion that Robert de Lacy 
was restored in 1107, again and tinally dispossessed in 1 121, his estates being 
.given the year following to Hugh de la Val, and that he died in 1130. In 
the first place we Hud in the Liiuhrt/ Survey- -the accepted date of which is 
111-1-11 10— that Hugh de la Val was then in possession of Robert de Lacy'a 
estates in that part of Lincolnshire. As he is known to have been in 
possession of de I.acy's estates of Pontefract, Olitheroe and Bowland at a 
subsequent date, can it he doubted that he held the latter in 1114-1110, and 
had held them with de Laejj's Lindscy estates by one general grant from the 
Crown of an earlier date than that of this survey? Further, the early 
grants made to the Priory of Nostell prove, that while Robert de Lacy gave 
the half carucate of land upon which the church was set and adjacent to it, 
and two oxgangs of land in Hardwick, he gave no other lands to this 
foundation whatever. But King Henry I. gave the wood around the church, 
called St. Oswald's wood, u as freely and wholly as ever Ilbert de Lacy or 
Robert, his son had that wood," proving that while the fee of Pontefract 
was in the King's hands in or after 1100, he granted this wood, and the 
churches of St. Oswald and of Aldan of Bamborough, as fully as ever Algar 
the priest held them. Then when Hugh de la Val had received the fee of 
Pontefract, probably soon after 1100, la Val gave the churches of Rothwell, 
Ack worth, Fetherston, South Kirkby, Huddersfield, and Bat ley, and the 
manor of Hessle, all which King Henry continued by charter which probably 
passed on January loth, 1 121. Here is im mention <»f any important grants 
bv Robert de IjJicy before 1121! Is it credible that he remained in 
l*>ssession of Pontefract after 1 100 ! And here may be given an example of 
the necessity of a careful examination of historical records before accepting 
the deductions of authorities even as great as Dodsworth, Dugdale, 1 Burton,* 
or Dr. Whi taker. 3 The tirst charter of the Priory of Nostell printed in the 
Mtwattirtm (edit. 1817 1830), hears the heading C'trttt fiadntionU />:V 
Rnhcrtum *fr Luri. Well, the most casual glance will show that it is a 
charter of "confirmation * J made bv Robert de Licv, the last of the old line 
of the Licys, between I 1ST ami 1103. Of the witnesses and other knights 
named, three are named in Heurv de Lacv's Certtfifittio tie feoth'* htilitHW, 
made in 1100, viz., Willelmus de Fristnn, Robertus Pictavensis, and Osbertus 
aivhidiaconus. 1 Others occur in the Chartnlary of St. John of Pontefract 
in charters of rinn I loo. Knough has been said upon this subject here, but 
much tnmv will have to lie said, and these statements often repeated l>efore 
the true facts of Robert de Liey's final forfeiture in 1106 are generally 
accepted. 

1 Btironntft\ p. 01). ~ Munnsticon Ebor., pp. 300-301. 

3 lfi*f. <f IVknlleif, edit. 1872, Vol. 1, p. 237. 

* The Rul Book »f the Exchequer, edited by Hubert Unll, pp. 422-1. 



THE LANCASHIRE CHARTULARY. 385 

SERIES XV. CHARTER No. II. 
23rd November, 1102. 3 Henry I. 

Grant by Robert db Lacy to Ralph le Rous of Great Mearlev, 
twistleton, land in clitheroe, great mltton, and alohton. 

Townclcys MS. HH., No. 3,896. Present abode unknown. 

Sciant, etc., quod ego Robertus tie Lncy dedi, etc. 
Radulpho le Rus, pro homagio et servitio suo, Magnam 
Merlay cum omnibus pertinentiis suis, et Tuisleton cum 
pertinentiis, et duas bovatas terne in Cliderliou cum omnibus 
pertinentiis suis, et nominatim messuagia ilia qiue quondam 
fuerunt Orme le Engleis infra le Bailie et deorsum, et 
Magnam Mitton cum pertinentiis, et Aiton cum pertinentiis 
libere, etc., pro dimidio feodo unius militis, et bailliam et 
cnstodiam terra; mere de Watersdeles usque ad Routhesic 
ultra Grang[r]et, et de Rimindene usque Iemenpull; et hive 
carta facta fuit tertio anno post coronamentum Hemic i Regis, 
in Curia de Pontefracto, ad festum Sancti Clementis. 

NOTES. 

By this charter, Robert de Lacy gran to to Ralph le Rous, progenitor of 
the families of Mitton and Bayley, for his homage and service, Great 
Mearley, Twistleton, two oxgangs of land in Clitheroe with the appurte nances, 
particularly mentioning those messuages which had formerly belonged to 
Orm, the Englishman, lying both within and below the wooden palisade, 
which formed the outer protection of the Castle of Clitheroe, Great Mitton 
(in Yorkshire), Aighton and Bayley, which latter were included in the grant 
from Henry I. contained in the preceding charter (No. 1), to hold by the 
service of half a knight's fee ; together with the bailiwick and wardship of 
certain lands within boundaries named. 1 The charter concludes with the 
addition — unusual in twelfth century charters — of a date, viz., the Feast of 
St. Clement in the third year after the coronation of King Henry (23rd 
November, 1102). The reference at this early date to the military service 
to be performed for the land, was doubtless the result of Henry I.'s Charter 
of Liberties 0/. Round's Feudal England, p. 225 et seq.). 

It is to be regretted that the originals of this and the following charter 

1 Several of these can be identified. Watersdeles probably refers to ths 
Watershed, " where Heavens water deals " on the summit of Pendle. Routhesic 
ultra Grangret was probably on the western boundary of the manor of Mearley. 
By Rimindene is meant Rimmington brook, from which the bailiwick extended 
to Iemenpull, called in the next charter Imynpell, which peems to be some stream 
or pool near Wvmond Houses, in Pendleton, 

2 c 



386 THK LANCASHIRE CHARTULAKY. 

are not available for examination, for they have been carelessly and cor- 
ruptly transcribed. That they are perfectly genuine charters is beyond 
dispute. Confirmation of this is to be found in an inquisition 1 taken at 
Lancaster 18th August, 1320', to inquire into the title by which Adam 
Nowell claimed to take old wood and 1>ark in Sabden and Pendleton Wood 
for burning and building, and to have common chase of all manner of wild 
beasts within the Mauor of Great Mear ley, viz., within Sabden brook and 
Itimmington brook. By which inquest it was found that Stephen de 
Mcarley, great-grandfather of Adam, whose heir he is, was seised of the 
Manor of Great Mearley, and the said rights of taking old wood and having 
chase, etc., in his demesne as of fee by the grant and feoffment of Jordan, son 
of Ralph le Rous (Esctwta, 20 Edward II., No. 43). 

This grant therefore comprised seven earucates, two oxgangs of laud, the 
infeudation being at the rate of fourteen carucates to one knight's fee. 
(Kirkhy* Inquest, p. 107.) 



'ev 



SEMES XV. CIIAKTER No. III. 
a.r 1135-1141. 1-G Stephen 7 . 

Confirmation by Ilbkkt dk Lacy to Ralph le Rous, of the grant madb 

BY II 18 FATHER ROBERT DE LACY TO THE SAID RALPH. 

Towtithy'* MS. DD. y No. G19, p. 271 ; pou* T. Demi, AVy., M.D 

Sciant tain pnosentcR quam futuri quod ego Ilbcrtus de 
Lacy dedi, coucessi et hac pnesenti Carta mea confirmavi 
liadulfo le Kirs et hieredibus suis, con.silio et concensu ltoberti 
fratris mei totas terras illas et eustodias terras inea? quas 

1 The writ attached to this inquisition is as follows : — " Supplicant nobis 
Adam Nowel de Mcrlay, quod cum Jordanus, filius Radulfi le Rous, quondam 
domimis terra rum et chnccip dc Blakeburnshire, per cartam suam dedis&et et 
concessisset Stephano de Mcrlay, proavo privdict-i Ad:v, oujus hicres ipse est, et 
ha>redibus tuis in feodo, lnancrium dc Magna Mcrlay cum pcrtinentiis, necnon 
conee-sissit cidem Stephano, quod ipso ct hairedes sui in boscis de Sapeden 
et Peneltonwode veterein boscum ct siccum ad comburendum ct ad domos 
suas in manerio illo quociens opus forct cdificandum capcrcnt, ac communem 
chaream ad omnimodns feras bestias infra communas it divUns Manerii 
pnvdicti, videlicet inter Sapedenbrok ct Remyiigdenbrok, dominicis haiis 
ibidem exceptis, laberent, ct ad feras in eisdem dominicis sequendas sine 
ar.'ubus et sagittis longitudine jactacioue unius cornu, ct ad hujusmodi feras 
mpiendas, rctrahendns sive asportandas, idemque Adam et omnes antecessors sui 
domini manerii illius vetcrem ct siccum boscum etc., ct chaccam, etc., modo quo 
pradicitur hab.ro etc. usque nd tempus quo bosci et chaeea praxlicti ad manus 
nostras per lor^ factum Tl:omu?, quondam Coraitis Lancastrian domini eorumdem 
dovencrunt, consucverunt, et jam etc. idem Adam etc. per custodes boscorum et 
chaceo; priedictorum imped it us fuerit : Volumus etc. 



THE LANCASHIRE CHARTULARY. 387 

pator mens dedit, concessit et iucartavit dc magna Merlay, 
Twisleton, et v. bovatis terne in Poterton, et ij bovatis terras 
in Cliderh[ou], et in magna Mitton et Aghton cum omnibus 
pertinenciis pni'dictarum terrarum pro dimidio feodo uiiius 
militis ; et donum illud concedo quod Aufray dedit ei in 
homagium et servitium quod pertinet ad terrain illam, 
scilicet, xj partem feodi unius militis. Hiis testibus ltoberto 
de Champels et Hugone de Stapleton, Willelmo filio eius, 
et Willelmo de Peineuile de Langtlnvaite, et pluribus 
aliis. 

NOTES. 

We are told by Richard, Prior of Hexham, anno 1135, that Ilbert de 
Lacy that year recovered the Honor of Pontefraet, which Henry I. had taken 
from his father Robert. 1 Soon afterwards he con6rmed his father's grant 
to Ralph le Rous by the alxjve charter, supplementing the confirmation by a 
new charter of feoffment (Charter No. IV). The grantor speaks of Ralph le 
Rous, or the Red, as "f rater mens." Perhaps he was his half-brother, or, 
as is more likely, seeing that he first received this land from Robert de Lacy 
in the year 1 102, a bastard son of the last named. 

The witnesses are Yorkshire tenants of Ilbert de Lacy. Robert de 
Champels attested a charter of Henry de Lacy preserved in the Chartulary 
of St. John of Pontefraet, No. XVIII., as also did William de Reinevill of 
Langthwaite. Hugh de Stapleton of Stapleton, and William his son, who 
died in 1155, will be found in the pedigree on p. xlviof the same Chartulary. 
The date lies between 1135, and 2nd February, 1141, the date of the battle 
of Lincoln, where Ilbert de Lacy disappeared. 

1 Ea tempestate Willelmus cognomento Trdnsversus, qui honorem Fracti-Pontis 
(sic enim quoddam oppidum nominatur) ex d mo Henrici regis habuerat, a quodam 
milite, homine suo, Pagano nomine, apud ipsum oppidum letali vulnero percussus, 
post triduum in habitu monacliili niortuus est. Et quern pdtri suo, Roberto de 
Lcsci, rex Ilenricus abstulerat, Ilbert.us de Lesceio, filius ejus, mox eundeiu 
honorem recuperavit." (Surteet Society, Vol. 44, p. G4. See also John, of llexam, 
UM. t p. 119.) 

" Carta Regis Stephani per quum clamavit quietos omnes homines Ilberti de 
Luccio, fl'rancos et Anglos, de omnibus forisfactis, qua? fecerint post mortem Regis 
Henrici usque ad diem quern idem Stephanus eoronatus fuit, et nominutim di» 
forisfaeto de morte Willelmi Maltrauers." (Duchy of Lane, formerly CI. XXV, 
A. 9. New rtf. Miscell., Ptf. J, No. 36.) 



2 c 2 



.°»KK TUB LANCASHIRE CHARTTLARY. 

SERIES XV. CHARTER No. IV. 

a.d. ll.Ti-lUl. 1-G Stephen. 

GltANT II V ILflERT UK I-ACY TO KALPH LE RorS OP LAIfD RC POTTMTOIT, A1T1> 
(F.KTAIN MISKKT1E3 IN' BOWI.AND, 3ABDEX, A\D Pf.VDLETON WoOT>, AVD 
UK-PEOFFMENT IN LANDS GIVEN TO THE SAID RAM»n BY ROBBRT I>K IiACT. 

Tnwiwlnf* MS. 1)1)., No. 01 2, />. 2G«: i*ne* T. Dean, Esq., M.D. 

Sciant pra-scntes et futuri quod ego IllKTtus tie Lacy dedi, 
r-oncessi, et liar: pnesenti Carta mea confinnavi et incartavi 
Radulfo le Rouse et Iisi-reflilnis suis imper]H.»tuum pro homagio 
et servitio huo magnum Mitton, Haghtou. magnani Merlay, 
Twisleton, v bovatas terra* in Potreton, et ij bovatas terra? in 
Cliderhou ciuii suis pertiueneiis in Cliderhou per servicium 
dimidii fendi niilitis unius. lllud concedo quod Aufray dedit 
c*i in Doununi cum suis pertiueneiis ad terrain illam, scilicet, 
xj partem unius feodi militis. Et dedi eidem Radulfo fratri 
meo vetereni boscum et siccum ca]>ienduin in Bouland, 
Sapeden et IVnelton Wode sine deliberacione forestarii, ad 
coinburenduin et edifieanduui in diet is Maneriis quumcunque 
pro eonnnodo suo voluerit, cum eommuiii' Chacea ml 
omnimoda Animalia Salvagia inter le (rranegrete et le 
Rishihiles, et le Wittershedeles et le Imynpell ; Teneiulas et 
habendas otniies pnedictas terras et tenementa et feoda et 
ha-reditatcs pnedicto Radulfo fratri meo et lueredibus suis 
imperpetuum, libcre et quiete quam aliqua tenementa posaunt 
dari sen feofl'ari. Et ego vero pra-dictus Ilbertus et hteredes 
mei toturn pnedictuiu donum meuni pnedicto Radulfo fratri 
meo et hawdibus suis in omnibus contra omnes imperpetuum 
warantizabimus. Et hujus facti sunt testes cum sigillo 
nicy Roliertus Pictauus, Willelmus rilins Aldelini, Willelmus 
de Rainuill, Hernacius filius eius, Lambertus medicus de 
Cliderliou, Ricardus Carduieil, Meldus de Ed, Duermell liar, 
Auardus f rat or eius, Codwinus de Colsteone et Willelmus 
Eleniosinarius de Lancastre. 

NOTES. 

This rliarter of feoffment amplified the original grant to Ral]*h le Rous 
by the addition of five oxgauga of land in Potterton, in Rarwick in Elinett, 
eo. York, the light to take old and dry wood in Rowland, and Pendleton 
Wood, and right of chace in the lands which he had in his bailiwick. 



THE LANCASHIRE CHAKTtJLARY. 389 

Several of the witnesses were the grantor's knights or official*, viz., 
Rjbertthe Peytevin or Poiotevin ; William fitz Aldelin of Thorp Audlin, 
at one time Governor of Ireland ; William de Reinevill, and Ernis his 
son ; Lambert, the physician of Clitheroe, who attested Henry de Laey's 
foundation charter of Kirkstall Abbey, circa 1147; then follow several 
whose names appear to be corrupt, among which the name Barr or Barre 
occurs, and Award brother of the said D . . . Barre, also Godwin de 
Colston, and lastly William, the almoner of Lancaster, who was one of 
Ilbert's clerks. 



SERIES XVI. CHARTER No. I. 
a.d. 1150-1155. 15 Stephen — 2 Henuy II. 

Grant by Rookr dk Mowbray to William, soy op Gilbert de Lancasteh, 
of his land of Lonsdale, Kendal, and Horton in Ribblksdale. 

Hsy inter nf Charters belonyiny to Sir James JJellinyham, KnL, of 
Levens Halt, co. Westmorland, temp. Jas. I. ; now in the 
possession of Major Bagot, M.P. y of Levens Hall ,f of. 79. 

Rogerus de Mowbray omnibus hominibus suis ffrancis et 
Anglicis, Salutein. Sciatis me dedisse, et Concessisse Willelmo 
filio Gilberti de Laneastre in feodo et hsereditate, Scilicet, totain 
terrain meam de Lonsdall, et de Kendall, et Hortuna de Ribblcs- 
dala, cum omnibus suis pertinentiis ; tenere bene et in pace, 
quiete et libere et honorifice, in bosco, in piano, in aquis, in 
molendinis, et in omnibus rebus, cum soca et sacca, et tolneto, et 
infangenthiefe, cum omnibus consuetudinibus, liberis et rectis ; 
per servicium quatuor militum. Testibus, Richardo Burdet, 
Mathia de Rampenne, Koberto Boscer, Turgilo Hlio Malger, 
Rieardo flarser, Galtero de Davilla, Gilberto Bacun et Clemente 
fratre suo, Botselmo Neillecien, Rogero de Daltuna. 



NOTES. 

Roger de Mowbray, son and heir of Nigel de Albini, was under age in 
1130, when Robert de Widvilla and Henry de Montefort rendered account of 
the ferm of his land, and inter alia discharged themselves of certain expenses 
in holding the Castle of Burton in Lonsdale (Pipe Roll, 31 Hen. I., p. 137). 
To William, son of Gilbert, who was probably his seneschal of Kendal, 
he gave tliat part of Westmorland (afterwards known as the Barony of 
Kendal) which, having been given to Nigel de Albini by Henry I., had 



390 THE LANCASHIRE CIIARTUI.AKY. 

descended to the said Roger as son and heir of Nigel, it had been held 
in the eleventh century by Ivo Taillebois. William de Lancaster further 
received a grant of the whole Wapentake of Ewecross, in the West Riding 
of Yorkshire, which lay partly in Lonsdale and extended over Ingle- 
borough Hill into Ribblesdale. This district was held by the Mowbrays in 
the thirteenth century by the service of two knights' fees, and consisted of 
the townships of Sedbergh, Garsdale, Deut, Thornton in Lonsdale, Burton 
in Lonsdale, Bentham, Clapham with Newby, Austwick, Lawk land, and 
Horton in Ribblesdale {h'irlbt/s Inquest, Suitees Soc, Vol. 41), p. 27h). 
This portion of the grant did not permanently remain in the hands of 
William de Lancaster's successor*, but was afterwards resigned to the chief 
lord, only the Manor of Thornton in Lonsdale being retained. As late, 
however, as the year 1220, the lords of Kendal are found confirming grants 
of land in Ewecross Wapentake. (Cf. Furness Cuuc/ter, passim.) 

This William, son of Gilbert, appears to have been in high favour with 
William, Count of Boulogne and Mortain, Earl of Warren, and Ijord of 
Lancaster from 1153 to 1160, under whom he probably held the office of 
seneschal of Lancaster Castle, and who enfeoffed him of 3(U carucates of 
land, to hold by the service of one knight, in Ulverston, Warton, and 
Garstang, co. Lancaster. The Earl, or Henry II., also married him to a 
daughter of Gundreda, sister of William, 3rd Earl of Warren, and of Roger, 
Earl of Warwick, who died 12th June, 1153. It was at this time that the 
raid William, by licence of his chief lord and the King, assumed the surname 
of La n caster. 

By this grant the Barony, or reputed Barony of Kendal appears to have 
originated. It is probable that the following entry in the return of knights' 
fees made in 1166 by Roger de Mowbray, refers to that part of the estate* 
hereby granted which lay in Ewecross Wapentake. " Willelmus de Lancasti ia 
ij indites'' (lied Book of the Fj.rhr<pia\ Rolls Series, p. 420). During the 
distui bances which arose in the kingdom during the year 1173, Roger de 
Mowbray took the part of the King's rebellious son, with the result that 
Kendal appears to have been resumed by the Crown, in the same way that 
the Honor of Appleby, otherwise called Westmarie or Westmarii g-land, 
was rerumed after the forfeiture of Hugh de Morvill, occasioned by his 
participation in the murder of Thomas a Becket. The Baronies of Appleby 
and Kendal, comprising the whole county, were then given to . . . de 
Valoines, and upon his death they passed to Theobald de Valoines, who owed 
£'30 at Michaelmas, 1178, for his relief of six knights' fees, the service by 
which these baronies were held {Pipe ItoM, 24 Hen. II., Rot. ft, m. 1 ttorso). 
Upon the accession of Richard I., the royal displeasure towards Ranulf 
Glanvill, the former justiciar, extended to his relative Theobald, who was 
dispossessed, and Westmorland again became a Crown estate. 

William de Lancaster I., the sou of Gilbert, appears to have died before 
Michaelmas, 1170, for sometime during that year Richard de Morvill, 
younger son of Simon de Morvill, lord of Burg on-sands, and Ishall, co. 
Cumberland, proffered 200 marks for a writ to sue for lands which he 
claimed in marriage with A vice his wife, daughter of the said William. 
Probably this writ was to be employed against William fitz Gilbert's sou 
and heir. 



I 



THE LANCASHIRE CHAKTULARY. 391 

The fhite of this charter cannot Ik? earlier than the year 1138, when 
Roger de Mnwl>r;iv, the grantor, was still in his minority, nor later than 
1162, when Henry II. confirmed the agreement made between William de 
Lancaster and the monks of Fiimesa, touching the boundary between 
Kendal and Furness (p. 310). The most probable date is between 1150 and 
1155. 



SKULKS XVI. CHAETEIt No. II. 

A.D. 115:;-115(i. 18 Stephen— 2 Henry IT. 

GlCANT IN FRANKALMOIGN BY WlLLIAM DE LANCASTER I. WITH THE CONSENT 
OF HIS WIFK GUNDRETA, AND SON WlLLIAM, TO THK CIIUBCU OF fc'T. 

Mart de Pre of Leicester, of nis manor of Cockkruam. 
JJodl. Lib., (hem . MS. Laud. Misc. 625, fol. 45. 

Univcrsis sanctie Dei ecclesiaj fidelilms, Willeliuus de 
Lancastre salutem. Notuni sit imiversitati vestne me assensu 
etc. uxoris lneju Gundreda* et Willolmi filii inei et lueredis etc. 
dedisse et eonce.ssis.se ete. Deo et ecclesiie sanetie Maria* de 
Tiatis Leivcestia* et Canonieis regularibus ibidem Deo 
servientibus, totuin Manerium nieiuii de Cokerlieim cuin 
omnibus pevtinenciis suis in bosco et piano, in aquis, pratis, 
pascuis, piscariis et Mariseis, eum Salinis et Molendinis, et cum 
omnibus libertatibus et liberis eonsuetudinibus ad eandem 
terrain pertinentibus ete. 



SKU1KS XVI. CHAKTKR No. III. 
A.D. 1153-1156. 18 Stephen— 2 Hknuy II. 

A SIMILAR CIMKTKK TO TnE LAbT, ADDING THERETO THE CHAPEL OF KLLEL 

AND HAMLET OF CrIMBLES. 

Budl. Lib., Own., MS. Laud. Misc. 025, fol. 45. 

Universis saneta* Dei ecclesia; fidelibus, Willelmus de 
Laneastrc salutem. Notum sit imiversitati vestne me eonsilio 
et assensu Willelmi filii mei et lueredis, et Gundreda* uxoris 
mea j etc. dedisse et eoncessisse et hac piwsenti carta confirmasse 
in piiram et perpetuam elemosinam Deo et ecclesia* sancta 



3'Jl! TIIK LANCASHIRE CHARTULAKY. 

Maria 1 \\o I'rato Loinvstiv ot. ( 1 !iii<>uiris lvgularilnus ibidem Deo 
sorviontiluis. totimi Maneriuni meum di» C-okerheim cum ecelesia 
rjusdom villa* cum ca]>clla do Klliale, ct cum omnibus pertineuciis 
suis, (»t cum Crimblis lam ultra Cokir quam citra cum omnibus 
portincnciis suis etc. 



NOTKS. 

Sunn after his marriage to C?undivda, daughter of Roger, Earl of Warwick, 
William de I^anca-Mer, with her consent and !>v her advice, and that of 
William, hi* son ami heir, gave the manor of Cockerham, parcel of his 
demonic, together with all the appurtenances, including salt-pite and mill* 
to the canon* of St, Marv <le Pre, of Leicester, whose house had Wen founded 
by Robert, Karl of Leicester in 11-13, to which also Roger, Earl of Warwick 
had heen a benefactor. l»y a later charter lie also in like manner gave to 
the sime canons his church of C'ockerham, with the dependent ebagiel of 
Kllel, and the hamlet* of Ureat and Little < 'limbics, on Imth sides of the 
ri\er t 'oeker. These grants weiv made befoiv the 2nd to b>th Jannarv. 1 liW>. 
the date of Henry 1 1.'s continuation, in which the al>ove grants are spevi- 
ticallv feci tin!. It i* needless to observe how utterlv inaccurate Dugdale's 
statement is, that IJnndivda. wife of William do l-ancaster, was the widow 
of Ko.uei. Karl of Warwick, who died 12th June. 11*3, aln-ut the very time 
that the >mi ••!" William ile Liueastcr was consenting t«» this trrant ! 

v S. 

Pi\»kthh tlic ( 'ountcsv ti'indreila wa- then long i»ast «h:!d bearing. More 
\\;i! V said on thi^ in the notes to the following charter. 



SKU1KS XVI. t HAKTKi; X... IV. 
ll-VS-lltiu. "J-ii Hknky II. 

iiko: *.n »kvwa:mv»k;> :-y Ws: : :av :s I. \> »>:r:. 1 t: the csirs:-: of 

^; Vr;\ :ȴ Prf ^* l.i^ysTyi; of ^ "Km:> i. ? i.^:r:.L ihe.-v-.i-iott 
V: \> > > .- : \" I on >v \; * a n :* Axovn : v xy i > - 

r '■• /:. ■ !•- ..-!<>; i: ". y . uw. . ■_■:;:. 

>o':: . X :■; >*.: v.v.:\ <::. j .:: \:v ::.•.■ ■ :>:*:■ ■: , s .s^::>u 

■ ^ . * • ■■ . - . • ^ « % • | ■ .«■**„ ta ■■ .^ ^ • ■»*.* I A 

> »; II...: i»'.-^.^ A . 1, -.^...v -V T 

* * * * • 

* 



THE LANCASHIRE CITARTULARY. 393 

see Marie de l >a to Leirc ^ Canmiicis reguhirib} ibidem 
Deo ^uientib} ^ h6il>3 suis de Cokerheiin totaiu coam 
lifeam p totu feodum men in Lonisdale "j in Auinudernes.se * 
in bosco "j piano * in aquis *} pasturis • in pastione 3 
in omib} aliis locis netessariis • *j ut sint quieti y holes 
sui in pile is locis de pannagio * Quare volo *] firmi? 
constituo ut pdei Canon ^ holes sui de Cokerheim heant 
omia aisiamenta sua y auia eox in pMcis locis * lifee 3 
quiete ab omi 'stoic io *j exaccone seculari erga me •} 
heredes meos * sicut hent in suo dnico nemore quod 
extendit* us(|3 ad diuisas hit Cokerheim -j Thurnii * scitt 
us([5 ad aquani que vocat r tflackesHetli que descendit in 
Crokispul • -j sic in loin ■ et' phibeo ne aliquis heredfi 
vol itoienciu meo* aliquod g a uamen seu dampnu • vel 
impedimentu p\lcis Canonicis vel hoib} eox inferat * q'n 
lifee *} quiete ptlcam coam heant *j teneant imppetuu * 
sicut hec carta mea testat r cu oniib) lifetatib) ^ lifeis con- 
suetudinil)} * quas ego in pdeo Manerio de Cokerheim 
tiui dum illud in meo dnico tenui • Hiis testib} • Wilto 
fit meo ~) herede * Gundr fit Comitisse * Kofeto Capellano * 
Wilto Capellano de Warton • Kado fit Nichi • Kofeto le 
Heriz Kofeto de Mundeguma Wilto fit Danielis 

Kofeto Mustel * Kofeto Camerario • Wilto de Kair • 
Thoma fit Willi • Matho fit Wilti Malestmi ■ Ko£o 
Agulin * Wilto de Langeford • Alfcto de Cardula • Matho 



de Leuns 3 multis aliis. 



NOTES. 



Tlie dedication clause of this charter is particularly interesting oil 
account of the reference it contains to the parentage of William de 
Lancaster I , and to his wife, who is said by Dugdale to have been the 
widow of Roger, Earl of Warwick, and a sister of William, the 3rd Earl of 
Warren (p. 390). The following is a translation of the charter : — 

"To all the faithful of God's holy church, William de Lancastre sends 
greeting. Known be it to the whole number of you that I, by the advice 
and consent of William, my son and heir, and of Gundreda my wife, and for 
the health of my lord Henry, King of England, and Queen Eleanor, and 
their children, and for the health of our souls, and the souls of Gilbert my 
father, and Godith my mother, and Jordan my son, and Margaret daughter 
of the Countess, and for the souls of my parents and all ancestors, have 
given and granted, and by this present charter confirmed in pure and 
perpetual alms to God and the church of St. Mary de Pre of Leicester, and 
to the regular canons serving God there, and to their men of Cokerheim, full 



304 THE LANCASHIRE CHAKTULAKY. 

and fire common right throughout my fee in Lonisdalc and Aummidemesse, 
in wood and plain, in waters and pastures, in feeding-grounds and in all 
other needful places, and that they and their men shall be quit of pannage 
in the aforesaid places. Wherefore 1 will and firmly appoint that the aforesaid 
canons and their men of Cokerheim shall have all their easements and their 
cattle in the aforesaid places free and quit of all service and exaction 
towards me and my heiis, as they have in their own demesne underwood, 
which extends unto the bounds l*tweeii Cokerheim and Thurnuiu, to wit, 
unto the water which is called Flaekcs-flcth which runs down into 
Crokispul, and so into Loin (Lune) ; and I prohibit any of my heirs or 
servants from causing any injury, loss or hindrance to the said canons or 
their men, but that they shall have and hold the said common right freely 
and quietly for evermore, as this my charter hears witness, with all the 
lil>erties and free customs which 1 mvself had in the said manor of 
Cokerheim, whilst I held it in my own demesne. With these witnesses, 
William my son and heir, Oundreda daughter of the Countess, Robert 
the Chaplain, William the Chaplain of Walton, Ralph son of Nicholas, 
Robert le Ueriz, Robert de Mundcgune, William son of Daniel [le Fleming 
of Thurnham], Robert Mustel, Robert the Chamberlain, William de Kair, 
Thomas son of William, Matthew son of William Malesturmi, Alliert dt 
Cardula, Matthew de Lcuns, and many others/' 

This charter evidently followed soon after the previous grants to the 
canons, and subsequent to Henry II.'s confirmation of 115b', in which no 
mention is made of this grant. 

The statement as to William de Lancaster's marriage is quoted by 
Dugdale from the Coucher of Furness, 1 but genealogical statements 
emanating from monkish sources are to be carefully examined previous to 
acceptance. Gundrcda, the widow of Roger, Karl of Warwick, occurs in the 
Pipe Roll of 5 Henry II., s.t. Warewiescira, when she had remission granted 
of the seutage upon twenty knights' fees which she no doubt held in dower. - 
Rut there is no reason whatever for supj>osing that she re-married after her 
husliand's death, for she must have been well advanced in years at that time. 
Among the witnesses to the above charter, and following next after 
William, the grantor's *.ou and before two eleries, comes the name of 
Oundreda ilmitjhter of the Countm*. In the dedication clause amongst the 
names of those for the benefit of whose souls the grant was made the name 
occurs of Margaret, tlaer/hler of thv Counter. Is it not much more probable 
that the first named was the wife (if William de Lancaster, and the second 
her deceased sister, and that they were daughters of Oundreda, widow of 
Roger de Newburgh, Karl of Warwick i 

Of the witnesses, those who can be identified arc Yorkshire knights, with 
the exception of William the Chaplain of Warton, in Lonsdale, and William 
le Fleming. Ralph sou of Nicholas held one knight's fee of Henry de Lacy. 
Matthew de Leun or Leuin held half a knight's fee of William de Vescy 
Other names such as Mundegun or Moutbegon, and le Heriz were borne by 
persons holding lands under the Laeies. It would seem that the charter wa 
executed at the time of some public gathering in Yorkshire. 

1 Moaaslicon, Vol. V. p. 211). - Pip- Roll Society, Vol. I, p. 2K. 



THE LANCASHIRE CHARTULAKY. 895 

SERIES XVI. CHARTER No. V 
A.D. 1184-1189. 31-35 Henijy II. 

Grant by Hknuy II. to Gilbert pitz Rkinfked, of thk daughter and 
jietr of William dk Lancaster II. in marriage, with her whole 

INHERITANCE. 

Register of Chart-era belonging to Sir James Bellingluim, KnL, of 
Lcvcns Hall, co. Westmorland, tern)). James I. ; now in the 
possession of Major Jiagot, M.P., of Lcvens Hall, fol. 79. 

Henricus Dei gratia Rex Anglian, Dux Normannia' et Aquit- 
ania.% et Comes Andegaviic, dilecto filio suo Ricardo, Coiniti 
Pictavcnsi, et omnibus dilectis et fidelibus suis ad quos pnesens 
scriptum perveneiit, salutem. Sciatis nos dcdis.sc et per pncsen- 
teni eartain nostram confirmasse Gilleberto filio Rogeri iilii Rain- 
fridi, dapifero nostro filiani Willehni de Lancastre cum tota luere- 
ditate sua et cum omnibus rectis suis. Quare volo et firmiter 
pnecipio quod idem (Jillebertus liabeat pnedictam domiccllam 
bene et in pace cum tota luereditate sua et cum omnibus rectis 
suis, integre, liberc, et quiete et honorifice. Test i bus, Galfrido 
filio et Cancellario nostro, Willelmo Mariscallo, Ricardo de Humet. 

NOTES. 

William de Lancaster, second baron of Kendal, and steward of King 
Henry II., died in the year 1184 {Chronicle of 11. de Jfonte) % having recently 
given to If ugh the Hermit, at the request of his wife, of whose dower it was, 
the place of Askel's Cross and Croc, in Cockerham, for the maintenance of a 
hospital, from which rapidly arose the Abbey of Cockei-sand (Cockersand 
Chart idan/y p. x.). His wife was Helewise, daughter and heir of Robert de 
Stutevill of Lazenby, co. Cumb. She married 2ndly, Hugh de Morvill, who 
in the 1 John, obtained the King's licence to marry his eldest daughter to 
Richard de Lucy of Egremont. Tin's approximately confirms the date 
assigned to William de Lancaster's death. 

Hugh and Helewise confirmed the grant of Cockerham to St. Mary de 
Pre, as also did John, when Count of Mortain. The canons had recovered 
the manor in the said Count's Court at Lancaster, before his justices, by the 
oath of 12 liege men, sometime between 1189-1194, against Hugh and Hele- 
wise, because William de Lancaster II., when he succeeded to his father's 
estates, having disseised the canons thereof without judgment, had after- 
wards bestowed it upon Hugh, as part of his wife's marriage portion.' 

1 Chartulary of St. Mary de Pre, Bodl. Lib., Oxon., MS. Laud., Mi ? c. 626, 
f. 45. 



396 THE LANCASHIRE CHARTULART. 

Gilbert, sou of linger fitz Reiiifml, peems to have been first associated 
with the King's Court in 1180. He was occasionally a Justiciar, and in 
1189 lie is called " Papifer." After the accession of Richard I., he was one 
of the commissioners for the pacification of the country, and his father was 
associated with the chief justiciars and othei*s in the government of the 
country (Roger of Hoicdm). liy this charter addressed to the King's son, 
Richard, Duke of Aquitaine ami Count of Poictou, Henry II. granted 
Helewise, the daughter and heiress of William de Lancaster II., together 
with her inheritance, to Gilbert fitz Reinfred, who accordingly l>ecame 
3rd baron of Kendal. 

It is witnessed by Geoffrey the King's son " our Chancellor," William 
Marshall and Richard de Humez, son of William, Constable of Normandy, 
and may perhaps have passed in the spring of 1185, before the King's 
departure into Normandy. At any rate the date must lie lwtween 1184 
and 1189. Probably Helewise was very young, and not marriageable until 
after 1189, seeing that Richard I. confirmed this grant after his accession, at 
Rouen, on the 20th July, 1189 (Benedict, II., f. 73). 



SERIES XVI. CHAKTEK No. VI. 
1.1th Ai'itiu 1190. 1 Richard I. 

O-JIAXT UY RlCllAttb I. TO GlLHKHT FITZ RkINFUKI) OF AC'QUITTANCK OF NEAT- 
OELD OK C01CNAUE IN ALL HIS LAND OF WkSTMOHLANI) AND KENDAL. 

From the original in the pus$e*swn of Major Bagot, J/J'., of Levens 

Hall, Westmorland. 

Ric * dei grli Ilex Angt * Dux Norm * Aquit • 3 
Com • And ' Archiepis * Kpis * Abftib 9 * Com ft' • Bar • 
Justic * vicec * Seri * ppositis * ~) ofriib 9 liiinistr * *] 
tidelib 9 suis Satt • Seiatis nos concessisse -j dedisse * 
•j present! carta eontirmasse Gilebto tilio lto£"i tilij 
Reintredi * 1 hedib 9 suis post cum * quittancia p totain 
train suani de westmeriland * -j de Kendale de Nutegeld • 
scilicet de quatuordecim libr * ^ de sex sot • 3 de 
trib} denariis quos ipe (r • redde solebat p annum \ p 
nutegeld • de prefata Via * Coneessini 9 otia eideni * (J ■ 
3 hedib 9 suis quitanciani ' p totani t ram suani pfalam t 
de schiris * *J de wapentae * *] de tritliinga • -j de auxiliis 
viceeomitfi * ~j omium Hailliuo^ suo^ • Hane quitanciani 
ei concessit!! 9 -) cuiitirinauinr 9 *] hedib} suis ■ p seruicio 



THE LANCASHIRE CHARTULARY. 397 

uni 9 militis qd nob fa8e debet ~j hedil>3 nris :' ipe 
Gileb * *j heiles sui post euni * p predicto [nutjhegeld * 
Pro hac etiam quittancia *] concessione dedit nob 
sepedietus ' G * sexaginta marcas argenti * Quare uolum 9 
•5 firmit precipitn 9 * qd prefatus • G • y ftedes sui post 
earn • hant *j teneant predictas quittancias de nob •} 
hedib} nris p predictuni seruiciii bn *j in pace * libe 3 
quiete * Integ* * plenarie • ^ lionorifice * In bosco *j 
piano • In uii.s *j semitis * In pratis -j pasturis * In 
uiuariis 3 stagnis * In nundinis 3 foris ' 3 mercatib 9 *j 
ext a * 3 infra burgii *j ext a *j in oiiiib} aliis locis • Et 
phibem 9 nequis eund * G • ut hedes suos de pre fata 
quittancia disturb • Test Wilto Comite de Arundel • 
Wlto niaresealt • Wlto de hume} constabilario * Ro^o de 
pratelt * dapiffo * Stepho de turneha * Dat p" manii Johis 
de alencon * Are-hid * lexov * vicecancellarii * xv * die 
aprilis Apd euerun * llegni nostri anno p'mo • Is erat 
tenor . carte fire in prinio sigillo firo • Qd qu[ia] aliqn 
pd[ituni fuit et du]m capti essem 9 in alem in aliena 
potestate constitute 1 mutatuni est * Huius aut innouationis 
testes sunt Hii • H • Saresfe • epc • Viuian 9 dereb * 
Arehid * Itob ' •] J • ] B ' capellani • Wll 9 niaresealt " 
Wit 9 de stagno " Itob • de turneha tuc Senescall 9 And * 
Rob • de tresgoz * Dat apd castr liddi • p manu * J • 
:le Brancestr * tunc agentis uicein cancelt * v • die Marcii * 
Regni nostri Anno decimo;* 



A portion of the King's seal U still attached by a silken cord. 



Endorsed in a 14th century hand : — La chartre de tutes les 
teres de Kendal et de Westiiiland. 



NOTES. 

Gilbert titz Reinfred could not long have married the heiress to the 
Barony of Kendal when King Richard granted this charter of acquittance of 
tin* service in cattle due to the Crown from the Barony of Kendal, and 
other lands in Westmorland proper. Tin's service called Noutgeld, or Neat- 
gold, from which the fii~nvt Comitaltt*, in " Westmarieland " was largely 
drawn, had long been commuted to a money j>ayment of I4li. 6s. 4</ f In, 



398 THE LANCASHIRE CIIARTULARY. 

the Pipe Roll of 2 Richard, under " Westmerieland " we find the Sheriff, in 
reference to this acquittance, discharging his fei'ni of 7//. 3*. 2d. of Neat- 
geld and customs for the half year between Easter and Michaelmas, 1191, 
the King having seized the Honor of Westmorland into his own hands, 
owing to his displeasure with Ranulph de Glanvill, which displeasure had 
extended to Ramilph's father-in-law, Theolwdd de Valoines, who had held 
the Honor since the 26 Henry II. 

The services due from the Karon of Kendal at this time were 14/?'. G*. Ad. 
for Neatgeld and customs, hereby acquitted, 8//. 18*. 2d. for the ferm of 
Kendal, and 5//. for the fishery of the Force on the river Kent, between 
Kirkby Kendal and livens. The whole of these services, amounting to 
28//. As. Go/., was acquitted from Easter 1191, until Easter 1195, when 
14//. 6*. 3d. for Neatgeld was yearly carried forward as owing by Gilbert. 
In the 9 Richard, he proffered a fine of 100//. to have six lihrates of land 
and acquittance of eornage and to have his other liberties according to the 
tenor of the King's charter. Of this tine he j»id GO//, then, and 40//. the 
year following. In the 1 John the arrears of eornage, etc., amounted to 
114//. 0«. 5rf., for which he obtained a discharge by proffering a tine of 100//. 
in return for the Kings confirmation of his charters "and for having gallows 
and diteh in the fee which he holds by the service of the fee of one knight 
of the King in county Lancaster, and that the agreement made between 
King Richard and himself for acquittance of eornage shall l>e kept, and fur 
holding in peace the land in Kendal which he had by the gift of King 
Richard, by the surety of John Briewerre in 30 marks, Ralph Gernun, 
20m. ; Robert de Fa Mare, 20m. ; Richard de Vernun, 10m. ; Gilbert de 
Norfolch, 20m. ; and Richard Malebisse, 40m.'' The charters here referred 
to follow this. 

Further, the above charter granted acquittance of suit to shire or county 
court, wapentake or riding court, and from having to give aid to the sheriff 
or his bailiffs. In return for this, Gilbert and his heirs must perform the 
service of one knight, in addition to their other services. The original 
charter, of which the above was an " innovation," passed at Evron in Maine, 
on April 15th, in the first year of the King's reign (1190), and was attested 
by William, Earl of Arundel, William Marshall, William de Humez, the 
Constable, and Roger de Preux, the Steward. After the loss of the royal 
seal, and Richard's imprisonment in Austria, the King issued the above 
charter at Chalus, on March 5th, in the 10th yea«-, 1199, exactly one month 
before his death from a wound .sustained in the siege of that town. The 
witnesses were Herbert le Poer, bishop of Salisbury ; Vivian de Poole, 
archdeacon of Derby ; Robert, J. and R, chaplains ; William Marshall ; 
William de Poole ; Robert de Turnham, Seneschal of Anjou, and Robert de 
Tresgotz, bailiff of the ( otentin. 



THE LANCASHIRE CHARTULAKY. 899 

SERIES XVI. CHARTER No. VII. 
15tii April, 1190. 1 Hicham) I. 

Confirmation by Richard I. to Gilbert fitz Reinfrkd of his forest of 
Westmorland, Kendal, and Firnkss, to hold as freely as ever 
Nigel de Albini, or after him Wiiliam, son of Gilbert db 
Lancaster held the same; and also of that forest, and six 
librates of land in Kendal, wnicn the Kino had given him. 

Public Record Office, Carta: Antitjua\ Jioll C. No. XI. 

Kicardus dei gratia Rex angiitis [Dux Normannia* et Aquit- 
aniie, et Comes Andegavue, Arehiepiseopis, Episcopis, Abbatibus, 
ComitibuH, Raronibus, Justicariis, Senescallis, Viceeomitibus, 
fforestariis, et] omnibus [balliuis et tidelibus] suis sal litem. Volu- 
niiis et concedimus et pnesenti carta conrirniamus quod Gilebertus 
filius Rogeri filii Reinfridi et hieredes post eum habeant et 
teneant ita Integra, libere et quiete totam forestam suanide West- 
merieland et de Kendale et de Furneise, sicut Willelinua de Lan- 
castre filius Gileberti earn umquain melius et integrius, liberius 
et quiecius tenuit et habuit et per easdem diuisas; et quod 
habeant forestam illam quam dedimus eidem Gileberto et luere- 
dibus suis in Kendale, cum sex libra tis terne ; Ita bene, integre, 
libere et quiete sicut Nigellus de Albeni earn umquam melius, 
integrius, liberius et quiecius habuit et tenuit. Yolumus et con- 
cedimus quod id quod wastum fuit in Roscis de Westmerieland et 
de Kendale tempore pnefati Willelmi de Lancastre filii Gilberti, 
totum id adhuc wastum sit, excepta purprestura facta per licen- 
tiam et consensu m dominorum feodi de Kendale et de West- 
merieland. Quare uolumus et firmiter pijecipimus quod nullus 
iniuste forisfacere pnesumat ipsi Gileberto uel lueredibus suis de 
supra nomiuatis super forisfacturam nostram decern librarum. 
Testibus Willelino C< unite de Arundel et Multis aliis. [Datum 
apud Euerun, xv die Aprilis, anno regni nostri priino.] 

NOTES. 

This charter also passed at Evron, in Maine, on April l.">th, 1190, the 
same date as the original of the last. Tt is interesting in proving that the 
land of Kendal, and those estates in Westmorland proper, and in Furness, 
which formed the barony of Kendal, had descended from Nigel de Albini to 
his son Roger de Mowbray, then by the latters grant, as shown in Charter 
No. I, to William, son of Gilbert de Lancaster, and so to the latter's son and 
granddaughter, Gilbert litz Keinfred s wife, 



400 THE LANCASHIRE CHARTULARY. 

The King, besides confirming the forost-land which Gilbert already held 
in right of his wife, and that which the King had given to him, granted also 
that whatever was waste — as opposed to arable, and therefore geldable land 
— in the woods of Westmorland and Kendal, in the time of the first baron, 
should be waste still, that is, should be treated as waste, so far as taxation or 
levies were concerned, except purpresture, i.e. imrroachment made by 
licence and with the consent of the lords of the fee of Kendal and Westmor- 
land. Seeing that the greater part of the cultivated land in the barony, 
even at that time, must have l>een improved from the forests, woods, or 
wastes, it was undoubtedly desirable, while the Honor of Westmorland was 
vested in the Crown, to have the King's licence and consent for snch exten- 
sive improvements, or incroachment*, as they might afterwards be legally 
considered. The licence took the form of treating these improvements 
fiscally ami legally sis still waste ground. Proliably the charter was also 
intended to give protection against the severity of the Forest laws. 



SEMES XVI. CHARTER Xo. V11T. 
A.R 1190-.119:». 1-0 Richard I. 

Grant dy Richard I. to Gilbert pit/. Reinfked of sixteen carfcates 
of land in Levens, Fableton, Bebtiiam, Prkston Richahd, Holme, 
Btrton in Kk.vdal, Hincaster, Preston Patrick, and Lupton, to 
hold by tne service of one knight. 

Pvhlir Rrcoril Office, Carta: Anti<jua\ finll C. No. XIT. 

Hieardus dei gratia Rex Anglia 1 , [Dux Xormannia 1 , Aquitauia*, 
et Comes Andegavia*, Arohiepiscopis, Episcopis, Abbatibus, Conii- 
tibus, Rarouibus, Justicariis,viceeoniitibus, seneseallis, pnepositis et] 
omnibus [ministris et] fidelibus suis salutem. Sciatis nos dedisse 
et concessissc et prudent i Carta nostra eonfirmasse Oileberto filio 
Rogeri iilii Reinfr[edi] et lneivdibus suis uiinni Carrucatam term! 
in Leuenes cum piscaria eiusdein uilhc, ctquatuor carrucatas terra? 
in Farletone et in Retcne, et quatuor carrucatas teme in Prestona 
et in Holm, et dims carrucatas terne in Ifcrton. et unain camica- 
tam terra* in llennecastre, et unam earrueatam terra' in Prestona, 
et tres carrucatas terra 1 in Loppetona, et unam piscariam quie ad 
easdem terras pertinet, pro homagio et seruitio suo et pro centum 
libris Esterlingorum quas nobis dedit, Scilicet ei et heredibus suis, 
tenendas de nobis et liwrcdibus nostris in feodo et ha*reditate cum 
omnibus pertinent iis suis per seruitium j. militis pro omni 
seruicio. Quare uolumus et tin niter praripimus quod pranlictus 
Gilebertus et haredes sui habeant et teneant pradictas terras d$ 



THE LANCASHIRE CIIARTULAKY. 401 

nobis et hseredibus nostris in feodo et luvreditate, bene et in pace, 
liberfe et quiets et honoritice, cum omnibus libertatibus et liberis 
consuetudinibus, in Ecclesiis, in Bosco et piano, in uiis et semitis, 
piscariis et viuariis, in stagnis et aquis et Molendinis, in pratis et 
pasturis, in Burgo et extra Burgum et in omnibus locis, liberas et 
quietas de Geldo et Denegeld, et de Noutegeld, et de Horngeld, et 
de BlQdwithe, eb Frithwita, et de leifwitlia, et ferdwlta, cum 
soca et saca, et Tol et fheam, et Infangenethief, et cum omnibus 
libertatibus et liberis consuetudinibus qua? ad easdem terras per- 
tinent. Testibus H[ugone] Dunelmensi Episcopo et Multis aliis. 
Is erat tenor carte nostra? in primo sigillo nostro, Quod quia 
aliquando perditum fuit et dum capti essemus in Alemannia in 
aliena potestate constitutum mutatum est. Huius autem Innoua- 
tionis testes sunt hij, H. Sarfisberiensis] episcopus, Viuianus 
Archidiaconus Derebiensis, R., J., et R, capellani. 

NOTES. 

The names of the witnesses to this copy of the " innovation " prove that 
like the 6th charter of this series, it passed at ChfiliiH, probably on the 5th 
March, 1199. The "original," however, was not attested by William, Earl 
of Arundel and his fellows, as the originals of the two preceding charters 
were, and therefore the date 15th April, 1190, cannot be ascribed to it. 
The King's first seal was lost when the vice-chancellor was drowned 
between Rhodes and Cyprus in 1191, but it was recovered with his dead 
body. The second seal, used during the King's absence in Palestine, and 
during his captivity, was purposely broken in 1194, in order that a new one 
might be made, and that all charters sealed with the old seals might be 
declared null and void, 1 new charters only Wing granted in return for a 
fine, which in this case was lOOli. As already noticed, Gilbert rendered 
account of a fine of lOOti. for having six librates of land, etc., in the Pipe 
Roll of the 9th year, 1198. Probably the fine named in this charter is that 
for which he accounted in the 1st year of John. The date of the original 
was before March 3rd, 1195, the date of the death of Hugh de Pudsey, 
Bishop of Durham, who attests it. He, and William, Bishop of Ely, 
had been appointed Chief Justiciars of England, when the King went 
beyond seas. 

It is not easy to understand the meaniug of this charter, by which the 
King apparently grants to Gilbert one carucate of land in Levens, with the 
fishery of that town, four carucates in Farleton and Beetham, and four in 
Preston Richard and Holme, two in Burton in Kendal, one in Hincaster, 
one in Preston Patrick and three in Lupton, together with a fishery belong- 
ing to these lands,* to hold by the service of one knight. At a subsequent 

1 Stubbs* Constit. Hist, of England, Vol. I, p. 5C9. 

1 Cf. Red Book of the Exchequer, by Hubert Hall, p. 44*. 

2 D 



402 THE LANCASHIRE CUAUTULARY. 

date these lands were certainly parcel of the barony of Kendal, and appar- 
ently some of them, as in the case of Levens, had been granted out by 
Gilbert's immediate predecessors. It is somewhat significant that these 
townshijw, with Middleton, Manzergh, Kirkby Lonsdale and Hutton Roof 
had formed part of two pre-conquest estates entirely separate from the rest 
of Kendal. It is therefore possible that they rendered service to the ferni 
of Westmorland, and that this service may be identified as the six librates 
referred to in the previous charter. The liberties and franchises granted 
with these lands are so comprehensive as to strengthen the opinion that 
they had not previously formed part of the grant of Kendal to the first de 
Lancaster, recorded in the first charter of this aeries. 



SERIES XVI. CHARTER No. IX. 
a.d. 1190-1199. 2-11 Richard 1. 

Confirmation by Gilbert fitz Reinfred to Rookr de Heaton, op the 
orant made hv w[lliam i)b lancaster to auocstink, father op thb 
said Roger, of the hamlet of Torver, in the farisii of Ulverston. 

Brit. Mas., T&ivmlajs MS. EE. No. 1104 (Addit. MS. 321 00, 

fol. 238). 

Sciant tani prii'sentes quain futuri quod ego Gilbertus filius 
Rogeri filii Rcinfridi cimcessi et hac mea pnesenti carta 
confinnavi Rogero filio August! ni donum quod Willelmus do 
Lancastre fecit Augustino de lletoun patri pnedieti Rogeri de 
Thoruergh sieut carta ipsius Willehni de Lancastre testatur, 
etc. Testibus hiis, Gilberto de Lancastre, Gervasio de 
Aencourt, Radulpbo de Retbuiu, Lambcrto de Bussei, Willelmo 
de Stiueton, Rogero de Burton, Adam decano, Rogero parsona 
de lleuershain, Ricardo de Boivilla, Ricardo filio Adelardi, 
Gilberto de Croft, Gilberto filio Ada}, Willelmo filio Walthevi, 
Svmone filio Huckman, et inultis aliis. 

NOTES. 

This continuation by (Gilbert iitz Reinfred to Roger de Heaton, of 
William de Lancaster's grant of Torver, then a hamlet of Ulverston, to 
Augustine, father of the said Roger, has been inserted here as illustrating 
the descent of the fief of the de Lancaster family in eo. Lancaster, conjointly 
with the Baron v of Kendal, to Gilbert fitz Reinfred. The names of the 
witnesses also supply a list of many tenants of that Barony, and of the fief 
in co. Lancaster. 



THE LANCASHIRE CHARTULARY. 403 

SERIES XVII. CHARTER No. I. 
a.d. 1153-1162. 1-9 Henry II. 

Confirmation by Albert Grellky, 3kd Baron of Manchester, of his 
father's charter to Roger son of Ohm, of Ashton-under-Lyne, and 
Hbaton-in-Lons dale. 

Coll. of Arms, Kuerden's AfS. t Vol. Ill, fol. 66., K. 66. 

Albertus Gresle omnibus hominibus suis fifrancis et Anglicis 
salutem. Sciatis me dedisse et concessisse [et] hac [praesenti 
carta mea confiimasse] Rogero filio Orm totam terram de 
Haistune cum omnibus pertinentiis, et totam Osolvescrovt, et 
totam Hetun cum omnibus pertinentiis, ei et hteredibus suis, 
tenendas de me et hseredibus meis in feodo et haereditate sicut 
idem Rogerus tenuit de patre meo et per eadem servitia, 
scilicet de Haystuna viginti solidos et unum accipitrem sorum, 
et de Hetune similiter viginti solidos annuatim : unde volo et 
firmiter praecipio ut iste Roger et haeredes sui teneant has 
terras bene et in pace, quiets et libere, in nemore et in piano, 
in aquis et semitis, in pratis et pascuis et in omnibus aliis 
locis eisdem terris pertinentibus, per praedicta servitia, cum 
omnibus aliis libertatibus et consuetudinibus haereditabiliter 
et finaliter dimissis. Testibus, Rogero de Marci, Johanne de 
Anestica, Radulfo de Birun, Roberto filio Leising, Roberto filio 
Willelmi, Almarico de Tresgot, Wulrico clerico, Helia filio 
Leising, Roberto filio Henrici, Galfrido Gresle, Willelmo de 
Marci, Bernardo Gresle et aliis. 

NOTES. 

An interesting light is thrownjipon the ramifications of twelfth century 
infeudations in ljancashire, and the widely scattered disposition of some 
estates, by this series of charters. Much interesting genealogical infor- 
mation is also obtainable from these instruments, to which several notable 
ljancashire families were parties, such as Grelley, Hoghton, Kirkby, Marsey, 
Ashton, and Heaton. The estates dealt with are primarily the Manors of 
Ashton-under-Lyne, and Heaton- in -Lonsdale, but incidental reference will 
also be made to the Manors of Dalton, Parbold and Wrightington, and 
Reddish. Many antiquaries have been puzzled as to the personality of Orm, 
son of Ail ward, and many statements have appeared in print dealing with 
him, his descendants, and his estates, which turn out to be entirely erroneous. 
Consequently it is intended to review, somewhat elaborately, the evidences 
which we have collected bearing upon this man and his descendants. The 

2 D 2 



404 THE LANCASHIRE CHARTULARY. 

result seems to point a moral against the slovenly and uncritical con- 
struction of pedigrees, and against placing too much reliance upon isolated 
records. 

In the Inqvisitio ComiUitus L<nwcuitri<* y taken in a.d. 1212, we find that 
Ashton-under-Lyne and Ilea ton in Lonsdale were members of the Bussel's 
Barony of Penwortliaiii. " The same Kobert de Gredle holds [in A.D. 1212] 
ij carueatcs in Eaton of the same Itfirony [i.e., of Penwortham], and ought 
to render therefor yearly one goshawk or 20 shillings, but he renders 
not. V| Ashton was not included in the feoffment of the tief of Manchester, 
which was held by one Nigel in 10SG. As noticed in No. I of Series II, 
this vill was a niemliei' of the Salfordshire demesne in 1094, when tithes 
of the jxirish of Ashton were given to St. Martin of Sees. At a subsequent 
date the vill was incorporated in the newly-created Barony of Bussel of 
Penwortham, but had proltably lx»en in the possession of the Grelley family 
liefore the creation of that Barony by Henry I. In the Inquest of co. 
Lancaster of 1212, quoted al>ove, we read— "Albert Gredle, mentor, gave to 
Orm, son of Eiward (alibi Ail ward), with his daughter Emma in marriage, 
one carucate of land in Eston by ten shillings yearly. The heirs of the same 
"Orm hold that land," i>. in 1212, when this survey was made. 2 Again we 
read "Albeit Gredle, tvnvx, gave the fee of one knight to Orm, son of 
Ailward, in marriage with his daughter Emma, to wit, in Dalton, 
Par bold, and Wrietinton. The heirs of the said Orm hold the faid land [in 
jv.d. 1212j. ,r:i Particular attention is called to the use of the word senzx to 
distinguish " Albert us Gredle " from two others of the same name living in 
the eleventh and twelfth centuries. Further consideration will tend to the 
belief that the iirst feoffment quoted of land in Eston (Ashton) to Orm, son of 
Ailward, was also made by Albert Grelley arnex, and that both these feoff- 
ments were made, not by Albert Grelley the third l>aron (son of Robert), but 
by Albeit the. first to be enfeoffed of lands in Lancashire, and that we have 
here adequate evidence of the creation of the Barony of Manchester, at 
least as early as the first decade of Henry L's reign. Before confirming this 
by other evidence, we may here quote the record of a plea in the Court of 
King's Bench on the Octave of Holy Trinity, 4 Edward L, 1276, which 
proves that the Kirkbys of Kirk by Irleth were the "heirs" of Orm, son of 
Ailward. 



1 Teitft de Xerilf, Vol. IT, fob SI 7. 3 have recently found in the Public 
Record Office, among the lecorda of the Exchequer (Queen's Remembrancer) , 
Knights' Fkks, Bundle 1. No. 0, the original of this inquest returned by the 
Sheriff of Lancaster, which, according to an entry on the dorse of membrane 2 
of the roll, was received by the Treasurer on the Morrow of St. John the 
J3apti.-4, by the hand of the Sheriff of Cumberland, before the barons of the 
Exchequer, in the 14th year of King John [a.d. 1212J. As there are some 
omissions and many corrupt readings in the version printed by the Record 
Commissioners in 1807, from the MS. volumes in the Public Record Office 
known a* the Tenia de Nevill or Liber Feodorum, I hope shortly to edit the 
original return, with a translation and notes. — (Editor.) 

Jhid., fol. 823. a Ibid., fol. 822. 



THE LANCASHIRE GHARTUJ.AKY. 405 

"John de Kirkeby sought against Thomas de Asseton the Manor of 
Asseton, with the appurtenances except six oxgangs of land, and the 
advowson of the church of the same manor, as his right, whereof a certain 
William, his ancestor, was in seisin in his demesne as of fee in the time of 
King Henry II., and from the said William the right descended to one 
Roger as son and heir, and from Roger to Alexander as son and heir, and 
from Alexander to one Walter as son and heir, and from Walter, because he 
died without heir, the right descended to the said John, who now sues as 
brother and heir. Thomas acknowledges the seisin of William, ancestor of 
the said John, and says that the same William enfeoffed thereof a certain 
Orni, his ancestor, and thereof he puts himself upon the grand assize of the 
lord King, and prays that a recognition be made whether he has more 
right in the said manor, except six oxgangs and the advowson of the church, 
by the feoffment of the aforesaid William, or whether the said John has." 1 
Subsequently a day was given on the Quindene of St. Michael, 6 Edward I., 
for the coming of the Jury of Grand Assize, and on November 25th, 12 
Edward I., 1284, the result of their view and verdict was settled by a final 
agreement." 2 Numerous other records exist to prove that the Kirkbys were 
mesne lords of Ashton-under-Lyne, as they were of Reddish, and of Dalton, 
Parbold, and Wrightington. Now Roger, son of William le Kirkby, was 
living in the latter part of the reign of Henry II., and died about the year 
1216. His eldest son, Alexander, was one of the hostages found by Gilbert 
fitz Reinfred by his cliarter, or bond promising to give a life-long allegiance 
to King John, and enrolled upon the Charter Roll in March or April, 
1216.* About 1220 we find an entry in the Testa de Nevtil relating to 
Reddish — "Alexander de Kyrkeby ought to hold in chief of the lord King 
one carucate of land for 6*." 4 William de Kirkby, father of the said Roger, 
attested the agreement made in or about the year 1162, between William de 
Lancaster and the monks of Furness (p. 311). He occurs as a witness in 
many Furness charters between 1160 and 1185. His father, Roger de 
Kirkby, or as he is called in this cliarter, Roger son of Orm, attests a 
charter of Godard de Boivill between 1135 and 1154.* From these 
particulars it is evident that William de Kirkby must have been bom about 
1140 or soon after, and Roger his father about 1115 or earlier. The latter 
being son of Orm fitz Ailward by his wife Emma, daughter of Albert 
Orel ley, it is evident that their marriage, and the feoffments made upon the 
occasion of its fulfilment, must have taken place before 1115. If, therefore, 
we may rely upon the premises, we can come to no other conclusion than 
that Emma Grelley was sister of Robert, and daughter of Albert senex, 
the first baron of Manchester. The importance of this deduction is great, 
for it settles at once the questions who the first baron was, and when the 
barony was created. It will be difficult in the face of the evidences here 



1 Be Banco Roll, No. 15, m. 4. 

2 Lancashire Final Concords, p. 162. Cf. "Black Book of Clayton," Henry V., 
No. 15. 

3 Charts Roll, 17 John, wi. 2, dorso. A Op. cit. } IT, fol. 663. 

4 Z6th Report of the Deputy Keeper, A pp. I, No. 154. 



406 THK LANCASHIRE CHARTULARY. 

presented to place a jwirticle of credence in the statements first made by 
Kaiiu'M, 1 and later by the late George Ormerod, the historian of Cheshire,* by 
which it was sought to prove that the La thorns of Lathom were the "heirs" 
of Orm titz Ail ward. The same may be said of the early descents of the 
|>edi#ree of Assheton of Ashton-imder-Lyne.* In the latter case the mistake 
has arisen by a confusion of names, through Orm de Ashton, lord of 
Ash ton, living temp. Richard I. and John, having borne the same name 
as the mesne lord, Orm fitz Ailward, living in the time of Henry L 

Returning to the details of this charter, we note tliat Albert Grelley 
refers to Roger, son of Orm having held Ashton and Heton "of my father," 
i.e., of Robert Grelley, the second l>aron. There seems to be no doubt that 
the grantor of the charter is Albert Grelley the third baron, 4 who died about 
1162, the names of several of the witnesses confirming this belief. Roger 
de Marci, or Maresey, a Nottingliamshire baron who held three knights' fees 
of the Honor of Lancaster, and flourished during the reign of Henry II. ; 
John de Ancsty (Dauntesey) occurs in the Pijte Roll of 4 Henry IT., 1157-68, 
under Hampshire, where he was excused 3*. Gd. of his sliare of a gift from 
the county to the King. Ralph de Birun was probably a cadet of the 
liurons of Lincolnshire ; AVulric, the clerk, was almost certainly the pre- 
decessor of Jordan, Dean of Manchester temp. Richard I. and John, and 
the same person to whom All>ert the third baron gave land in Manchester 
as recorded in the Testa de Xevill — " Albert Gredle, senior, gave to Wluric 
de Mamecestre four oxgangs of land of his demesne by [the service of] 5*. 
yearly. His heirs hold that land r * [in a.d. 1212]. Geoffrey and Bernard 
Grelley have not occurred before. They were possibly brothers of Albert 
Grelley II. 



SERIES XVII. CHARTER No. II. 
a.d. 1100-1180. 0-26 Henry II. 

Confirmation by Rooku db Mahsky to Rookk sow op Orm [son of Maphfs], 
op tub half part of 11 eaton in lonsdale, which his father orm 
had held of thk grantor's ancestors. 

Ptodhiaii Lib., Oson,, Dodsicorth'x MS. liwriii,/. 61k 

Notuin sit omnibus audiontilais litteras istas tarn Francis 
quani Angiitis, tarn futuris qiiam ]>ni\sentibua, quatinus ego, 

1 Hist, of Lane, Vol. IV, p. 235. 

3 Collect. Topog. et Geneal., Vol. VIT, pp. 1-21. 

3 Collins' Baronetage, 1720, Vol. II, p. 207, and Lancashire Histories. 

4 The Editor regrets that owing to a faulty transcript of this charter deriyed 
from the late Mr. Harland's copy of Kuerten'* MS. in the College of Arms, Vol. 
Ill, K., fol.6i,he was led to attribute this charter to Albeit Grelley, the 4th baron, 
and to a date between 11(50-1182, in Lancashire Final Concords, pp.163 and 
218, notes. 

» Op. ctr., II, fol. 823. 



THE LANCASHIRE CHARTULARY. 407 

.Rogerus filius 'Itanulii de Marseie dedi et concessi dimidiam 
partem de Hetun ltagero filio Orm in feudo et [hjtereditate ei et 
ha>redibus suis tenendam de me et lueredibus meis, scilicet 
eandem partem quam pater suus Orm de antecessoribus 
meis tenuit, solam et quietam et liberam ab orani servitio, 
excepto quod annuatim ad festum Sancti Martini x solidos 
mihi persolvet, et servitium regis de Sacafe xij nummos, in 
boschis, in pratis, in planis, in pascuis, in aquis, in terris cultis 
et incultis, et cum omnibus pertinentiis suis. Testibus istis, 
Willelmo Maurin, Eadulplio de Luvetot, Ger[vasio] de Arches, 
Gaufrido de Monasteriis, Galfrido de Mortun, Gilberto de Hetun, 
Grimcil, lleginaldo, Alano filio Hucei, Jordano de Chefrocurt, 
Alexandro filio Toe, Galfrido de Jorz, Stephano de Stoches, 
Gerardo de Suttun, Waltero de Scegbi, Hugone de Insula, 
Guarino filio Orm, Waltero filio Steinolf, Gamelo filio Gamel, 
Licholf filio Gilberti, Elia de Boeltune. 1 

NOTES. 

It will be well to state at once, before considering this charter, that the 
grantee was not the Roger son of Orm of the preceding charter, but son of 
Orm, son of Magnus, which Orm has been introduced by the late Mr. 
Ormerod into the Lathom pedigree, quite unwarrantably, as the sequel will 
show. 

Of him more will be said in the Notes to Charter No. III. It appears 
that Heaton in Lonsdale, or rather a moiety of the manor, had been given 
by Warine Bussel to Ranulf, son of Roger de Marsey — with other lands in 
Ley land Hundred— in marriage with his daughter. So says the Testa de 
Nevilly adding further that in a.d. 1212, the heir of the same Ranulf was in 
ward to Eustace de Moreton with the whole of his land. 2 The other moiety, 
as will be seen later, was given by Warine Bussel to Hamon le Boteler, 
ancestor of the de Hoghtons of Hoghton." 



1 Transcribed by Roger Dods worth from the original charter in the custody 
of Thomas Brockholes of Claughton, esquire, 6th July, 1643. The seal, the 
margin of which was then defaced, bore a bear passant, head to the right hand. 

- Testa de Nevill, II, fol. 816. 

3 It appears to be a hopeless task to attempt to fix the position of the Grelleys, 
or of their tenants the Kirkbjs, in the complicated tenure of this township. As 
there is no further mention of the Kirk by 8 in connection with this manor, it appears 
probable that they resigned their mesne tenancy before the date of this charter. 
Upon the death of Roger de Heton in 1262, it was found by inquest that lie had 
held two carueates of land in Heton, viz., one which he held of Geoffrey de 
Chetham by the yearly service of 10*., and the other which he held of Adam de 
Hocton for which he rendered yearly \9\d. In the survey of 1322, the manor of 



408 THE LANCASHIRE CIlARTULARV. 

Hoger do Marsey, son of the Haiiulf named alwve, herein confirms to 
Roger son of Orni [son of Magnus], the moiety of Hetun, viz., the aaaie 
part which his father Orni [son of Magnus] held of the grantor^ ancestors, 
a term which probably covers his father Hanulf, the first grantee from 
Warine lhissel. The service was 10*. yearly at St. Martin, and 12c/. 
Sakefee due to the King as lord of the Honor of Lancaster. This service is 
the half jiart of that reserved in the previous charter. 

In addition to the estates grunted to llanulf fitz lloger, of 5 team lands 
in the fee of Pen wort ham, this family possessed the manor of Bolton le 
Moors, 1 with the church, which was given to Marsey or Mattersey Priory by 
Roger de Marsey the founder, in the reign of Henry II., and Little Bolton, 
Tong w r ith Haulgh, Bieightmet, HadcliHe, Unnston, and Westleigh, which 
were held for the service of one knight's fee. In the rental of the 
Wapentake of Salfnrri, temp. John, we find an entry " Of Saktie of the land 
of Itaimlf son of Roger 10*.,"* being the yearly rent due from the above 
lands in lieu of the chief lord's title before Domesday, to the profits of 
executing justice in all pleas save placita coromv. This Ranulf was son and 
heir of the founder, who died 32 Henry II., but being then only 7 years old, 
he did not succeed to the estates of his father until 1 John, when he gave 
50 marks to have his land, which had been in the King's hand since his 
father's death.* He only survived until 8 John, when Eustace de Moreton 
proffered 100ft*. to have the wardship of the land and the heir of Ranulf de 
Mei'eseia, of which he had l)ccn seised on the day he crossed over the sea. 4 
Evidently he died in Normandy when on the King's service. 

The witnesses to this charter are all Nottingliamshire men, except the 
last five, who were of co. Lancaster, and include Warine, brother of lloger 
son of Orm, and Walter son of Stainulf, perhaps of Adlington. The 
]>edigrees of the families of Lovetot, Chevrecourt, and Jorz will show that 
the date of this charter lies somewhere between 1100 and 1180. 



Helton in Loncsdale was held by Roger de Pilkington, by the yearly service of 
10*. collected by the bailiff of Salford Hundred. This points to the Grelleyi having 
abo relinquished their right in tho lordship of this place, and that Pilkington had 
taken the place of Chctham as mesne lord over the Heatons of Bourn Hall. But 
the fac